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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., NOVEMBER 22, 1879. yot 1.No
LOOK UP, NOT DOWN.
Life, to some, is full of sorrow
Half is real, half they borrow
Full of rooks and full of ledges,
Corners sharp and , utting odgs
Though the Joy bells may be ringing,
Not a song you'll bear them singin
Seeing never makee them wise,
Looking out from downcast eyes.
All in va'n the st:u im shining,
Waturd aparkilug, blossoms twining,
They but see through these samo sorrowe,
Sad to-day, and worso to-morrow
Soo the clouds that must pass over
Soo the woods among the el -vor;
Everything and anything
But the gold the sunb<ams bring.
Drinking froin the bitte r fountain,
Lo! yaur mole bill soma a mountain.
Drops of dow and diops of rain
Swell into the mighty main.
All in vain the blessingai shower,
And the mercies fall with power?
Gathering cbaff yo tread ti. wheat,
Rich and royal, 'neath your foot.
Let it be so my neighbor,
Look up, as you love and labor,
Not for one alone woo's vials ;
Every man has cares and trials.
Joy and pain are linked together,
Like the fair and cloudy weather.
May we have, oh. lot us pray,
Faith and patience for to-day.
The Wife's Dream.
A cozy, prettily-furnished sitting room,
singing birds in gilded cages, a plumip An
gora cat on the velvet rug before the fire, a
wise-looking pug stretched lazily on tlie
flowing shirts of a pretty woman's dress.
Tlrily, a sweet, doiestic picture. But stop!
Surely that is a frown between those pretty
arched eye-brows, and the full swell of the
under lip is very like a pout. And, its I
live, there are two great tears on the long
black lashes! And now she breaks out
into a torrent of pettulent, impatient words:
"The sanic tiresome things, day after day
-first breakfast, then kiss Charley good-by,
then dircctions to look for the six o'clock
dinner, and after that the needle work-how
I hate it I-or calls, inade or received, in
which one is treated to a full account of
Mrs. Blank's extravagances, of Miss iloni
ton's flirtations, of that horrid 'olonel St.
Cyr, 'so awfully fast, my dear, and so dis
tressingly good looking.' How tired I am
of it all! And there is Charley. Who
would have believed lie could change so in
so short a time ? He no longer cares for
ball, theater or opera, but dons dressing
gown, smoking cap and slippers directly
after he has swallowed his dinner, lights
that horrid meerschaun, and passes the
evening behind a newspaper, enveloped in
smoke clouds. 0, dear ! I wish I had not
been in quite such a hurry to got married.
0, go away, Bijou I" and with her slippered
foot she thrusts the teasing pug from her.
A rap at the door, asid to her sharp "Come
in," a servant appears, bringing a card.
Madam looks, flushes, says "I will be down
directly," and flies to her dressing room.
brushes her lushed cheeks with a cooling
powder-puff, pats the brown waves of her
hair with two pretty dimpled hands, glances
at herself in the glass, smiles, tind desicends
to the drawing room.
A tall, gentlemanly looking man rises and
eies forward as she enters.
That in ill lie .says, but the tone and
manner are most impressive, and thrills
through the heart of the wife as Charley's
words and tonea used to before lie took to
neglecting her for dressing-gowns, sleepy
hollows and meerschaumns.
Well, they talk of the weather, the last
new opera, etc., etc. Conmnonplace stib..
jects eniough. But why shoul his eyes
cause hers to waver and( dIroop, glad to
shelter themselves behind the white lids?
Why, at parting, is the little white hand so
hastily wit~hdrawn~ from the close, warnm
pressure of his ? Why, after lie lies gone,
does she gaze so tenderly at the hand she
had so hastily withd~rawn, raise it almost, to
her lip)s, and then studdenly let it dirop at
her sidhe? Why ? I can tell you that. She
loves her htusband with her whole warm,
passionate ,~hcart.- And for a year or more
lias been living on husks, lie conaliders his
whole duty done when the table is bounoti
fuldly asuppliedl, tihe wife well-dressed, and
hie (loes not waver' in his allegiance to lien.
Possession has dhinmfed thte bright Itustre
of lisa love, and so, the wife's heart is huni
gry for It, and1( this old1 admirer', wvhom shio
gladlly throw over for Charley, is welcome
to-dlay for the sake of the ripple lie makes
on this dead-sea monotony, down which site
is slowly drifting. And hia eyes cause hors
to dIroop, anid huis hand prnessure causes her
heart to throb, because there Is love in the
eyes and tenderness ini the hand pressure.
She does not care one iota for ti Racy
Rcmmlington. Still, alto has hungeredI so
long, that this crust is not so unpalatable to
her ais it would once have been. There, sir
or madanm, you have the exp~lanlation. As
for you, Mr'. Jones or Robmuson, ha there so
much difference between your conduct amid
this Charles Thornton of whjom I wrlte,that
you can afford to pass5 the lesson by, as not
appllicable to you? If so, Mrs. Jonies or
Robinson Is to be congratulated. -ite is a
hiappy womian, and God bless you, aIr, say
I, .and I wish there were more like you.
Now I ant not golng to tmako of thIs
handsome Ray-Remmington a fiend incer
nto. No, he was simply what would be
termed a gentinaely goodl fellow ; which
means lte was witty, generous, a war-m
friend, nobody's enomy, and a little, just a
little wveak, and impulsive enough to follow
up his owni desIres and inclinations, recking
little of the cost or consequences to hhinself
lIe liad been very much in love with
pretty Mrs. Thornton b eforoesheo became
Mirs. Thornton-when alto was prettyLt
Trenmame-and had tasked hter to chtange
*her namec for tht of Reimnington. Bt
pretty MIisS Treminel was very michi Iin
love with some. one else, and a few months
- thereafter made hter'self and that oilier Au
- prenmely happy by going through a certai
ceremomny at Grace. Chureh, resplendent ini
white satin and Brussoe lace. And Ray
lRemmington, withl aduli, gnawing pain at
his heart, actec4 as groom's triahnimd ,there
*was not, a tretupr in h1ityol egthpugh~ the
brave face Was color)ess, wheni' hte egngratu
lated bride a(Id grooin and wished thpm hon
jilld met Mrs.'' ioita j ri~e
enocO hter return frolifilicifouir bit #~~i
a afs~t6.dt, and iteim~dd it dang~
lttl iwedt to *li thpre gaig int
lovely eyes and at the dear, tender little
mouth of his early love.
But let us return to Mrs. Thornton. She
stands. there in the center of that pretty
room, with a white, white face, and a wild,
frightened look li the sweet blue eyes, then
bursting into a passionate flood of tears,
throws herself on the nearest chair, drops
her face in her hands, and her hands on the
table before her. Five-ten-ifteen miin
utes pass. The sobs grow fainter and
fainter. At length silence reigns, save an
occasional chirp fronm the canaries, and the
ticking of the pretty French clock on the
mantel. A rapll at the door arouses her and
.laimes enters with a cluster of violets.
There is no card-nothing to tell from whoni
they came; but. she knows only too well.
in the dear old datys, when she was Miss
TLreinaine, two such clusters were left every
diy at hr door. one bearing Hay Heinining
toii's card, and the other Chias. Thornton's.
flow long ago it seems and how clianged
the violets are I As fragrant as of old, and
its quiaintly pretty their (lear little faces all
awry, but somehow they almost make her
cry. And she likens then to little, tearful
blue eyes, and kisses them tenderly, pity
ingly, and then-thrusts theim hurriedly
tom the opent (rawer of the table, closes it,
and turns to meet her husband, whose step
had announced his coinig.
A moment later shie is excessively pro
vokedi at herself for thrusting time violets
out of sight. Why did she do it ? She
could not have told youi. Perhaps she felt
instinctively that her husband would hardly
approve of her receiving even so trilling a
gift as a wee bunch of violets from ins 11old
rival, Hay Itemnilington.
Well, the thing was done, and there was
no help for it. Wero she now to take then
from the drawer, Charley would certainly
require an explanation as to how they got
there, and surely it was a queer place in
which to put pretty, fresh flowers. Better
not say anything about them. And should
she speak of Ray's visit? Yes; she would
surely tell that-but not now-after
dinner. Charley was always just a trifle
inpatient-cross--wheni he was hungry.
She would wait until after dinner. But
before the dessert was brought in, while
site was eating her salad, her husband asked
to he excused.
"'There was a most interesting article in
the Eveningl Sj>outC on the Chinese ques
tion, which he had conunenced In the om
nibus on his way home, and become deeply
And off he vent, and when the dainty
cup custards, fragrant Mocha and luscious
fruit were brought in there was a I rouble
some lump in the white throat and a suspi
cious moisture in the blue eyes of the wife,
and the custard was trilled with for a io
nient, and a spoonful or two of the Mocha
swallowed, for were not the watchful eyes
of "Jeems" upon her? And then she
hastened from the room, her mind fully
made up. She would go to Charley, tell
him everything-Just how she missed the
old caresset and delicate little attentions;
how lonesome it was to sit there night after
night gazing at time back of his newspaper,
or at the top of his sleek brown head as it
peeped above the top of his paper. She
would tell him of Ray's visit and about the
hidden flowers, and with tins resolve In
her heart she opened the door of the sitting
"Charley, dear,"-shc would not give
herself a moment, for fear her courage
might fail--"Charley, dear, will you put
your paper aside for a moment? I wantl to
tell you something."
"Now, Lou, don't bother me; I never
was more interested in my life. By jingo!
this fellow writes well. Where's Lelia or
Bijou? What is the use of your lhaving
pets, if you never notice them ? Now sit
(own, that's a gooct girl, and dress Lelia up
in pink ribbon or something. You ought
to be fond of that confounded cat; it cost
How quickly the moisture leaves the blume
eyes!I What a sudden, firm tightening
there Is of the pretty red lips, and~ what a
hard, cold heart this of hers had suddl~enly
become! And the tempter whtisp~ered in
her heart, "Not so would Ray Renunington
have looked or spokein." And, remecmber
ing the tendecr voice and the love In Ray's
eyes, she feels a tenderness springing up In
her heart for the owner of thte bold, black
eyes, andt a glad though guilty pleasure in
thme thoughts of the hidden violets. And
Charles Thornton, Esq., returns to lis paper
with a self-satistled air, which, by the way,
is the expression geinerally to be found ott
the masculine countenance when the owvner
thtereof has beii making a most egregious
ass of himself.
An hour later lie throwvs dlown the
~Spouter, and asks what it Is sihe has to say
"I really have forgotten. It wvas of no
Take care, Charles Thorinton ? Your
wife's Alrsti falsehood. Who is to blame for
it ? and td what will it lend?
Three months later, flay Remmington
and Mrs. Thornton have met many times
shmuce that sad (lay on which lie sent her the
violets. They have lunched together, rode
togetheil sapl attendedi mnatiees together,
and to-night it Is arranged that she will
leave her htusband's protection for that of
is she happy at the thioutghtt of leaving
her htusband's home? liappy? No!
wrotehedly unhappy. .But that which
seemed only a slight grievanco at, frst has
become now an Amnhappiness too great to
SOf cd e She confided her sorrows to
Rlay an ibs indlidationi was intense.
"fhmat any 0one could so negleet her.!
She, whom lie would have cherished so
tenderly, and so forth ini the usual strain.
Of course all this only made her lot seem
the hardeor. And now shte is goIng to es
cape fromt It all. Blut the treacherous little
heart in her bosom, that she had thought so
cold and dead to CJharley, now begis to
plead for him.
HOW hte haunted the corridor outside her
bedroom'door thmat time when shewas so Ill
and lie was .for~bidilen to eouter. And when
at last alte was welle enough to 'seQ -htr, how
shobked shd was'at the alteratib'n in the
dear face.'* Wh'y, it was wvor~ air thin ,as
her own'; and when shte first saw her own
face In tihe glass, thie greatt hollow in thte
pale cheeks he used to praise for -their
plutmpness and bloom, and saw In the place'
of the uxurlant browt' tresses he was a
proud ~o the b6f''s h~ode of only browii
hijr,! tu5 ,tjem h*1idf ;Weping oh her
pillow, sobbing, how'could he--Qonld he
lovelher now ho tenderly ho took her hn
fiul that I hold you here on this heart,whero
at one time I feared you would never rest
again. I love you, my darling, for your
self, your warm heaiit , your pure sou!, not
for the bloom that can fade or the bonny
brown tresses that are gone."
Ah ! with a sudden sharp catching of the
breath, could any other ina ever be the
same to her as Charley ? 0! she must not
think of this.
What, on this anniversary of her nar
ringe? No, she cannot take that. And
her wedding ring! A braeelet Ie gave her!
Yes, hat must be left with tIe res't. Oh I
she haid not dreamed it would be Ho hard to
part with the old love-tokens. Even the
despised Lelia in caught up and kissed and
crled over. And-what was she about to
do? Yes, she wims actually going to kiss
the little white tidy on the back of the
sleepy-hollow where Charlie's ad rested
every night while he read the Spoutr.
When Charley returns to his deiserted
home (he left for 'Wanhington that morn
ing) wlit will he nay ? Will Ie e(nvre very
lark! One-two-three-she counts
the nine. Then the strokes Ccase.
The hour has come, she starts for the
door, stops, with her hand pressed to ler
heart, gazes wildly aromnd, and dashes out
blindly into the night. A tall form is stand
ing at the foot of the steps-it is Itay. lie
draws the little cold hand through his arm.
They turn the corner, a carriage is waiting,
the steps are down,the wife has entered.
Ray is about to follow, when-ah! great
heaven ! what is this? I1er husband stands
there before him. There is the flash and
report of ia pistol, and liny itemnington
falls. She shrieks wildly, spriIgs fromt the
carriage and-anake !
Yes, thank God !awaken to fld it all a
She Is in her own (lar little sitting roomn.
There is the dear old sleepy-hollow. and
there is Lelia, the fluffy A ngora cat, on the
rug before the fire. Bijou there, too, with
his funny little goggled eyes, an1d funny
little pink tongue lolling out, and-what in
this? A card-Rity tenningtoi's. Sie
renimbers now lie did call, and he had the
impertinence to show by his look and tone
that he still Cared for her.
She rings the bell violently.
".James, in future, when Mr. enuniig
tonl calls I amII not ait hiome."
For the first three days of Payne's fight.
with the ute Indians, the situation was
chliely horrible from the constant wounds
and death struggles of the poor animals,
which they could in no way protect from
the Indian fire. "Every few minutes,"
says one, "you Leard the dying gurgle of
a horse or a mule, and although we fasten
ed them as securely as possible at night,
their pangs were such that, they would ofl en
break away after being hit, threatening the
men's lives in the trenches. Oice it wound
ed horse leaped in his agony light into the
pit we hatt dug for the wounded, where
Lieutenant Paddock and seven men were
lying at the time. It was a miracle ahiost
that he did nat trample them to death. As
It was we all opened a terrific fire on 'hie
bluffs, so as to make the Utes stop firing,
and under cover of this fusi ade a lot of our
boys jumped up and hauled the horse out
of the trench. We had to watch out con
tinually to give dangerously wounded horses
and mules their quietus. If they got cav
orting after receiving an Indian bullet, and
we could see that they were maimed or
fatally injured, tie soldiers would take alin
and finish them. It was awfully hard once
in a while. A friend of mine got three
flesh wounds in trying to save his horse's
life. Finally the horse was shot through
one of his forelegs. Instead of writhing
around like the others lie came hobbling up
to time edge of the pit where Joe anid I were
and looked dowvn at Joe. as If to say :
'Help mte, for God's sake l' Joe turned to
ine and( said, says lie : 'You'll have to finish
him, Ihank ; I can't do it ; by God, I can't!'
I watched my ehanice as the horse turned,
and put a ball In right behtind lisa left ear
nnd dropped him. That night we hauled
hhni outside wvith the rest. There were sev
eral pet dlogs In the camp, among them a
beautiful greyhound belonging to Lieuten
ant Cherry. "I used to let him out of my
pit occasionally," says the leuteniant, ''to
run downi to the water. One night lie came
back with one of his paws shot off, it, torn
ed out thtat lhe htad been fired on by onte of
our own sentinels, who mistook him for a
crawling Indian. There was nothing to dio
but kill the poor 01(1 fellow to save him
misery. One morning a soldier of Payne's
cotmmand,*wounded in the arm and so Ill
that Ito had had no apetito for two (lays,
turned to a negro soldier close b~y him,
saying: ''Here, pardl, stop shootin at them
bluffs, and for the Lord's sake make mec a
littlo coffee." Tlhe colored hero thuts ad
dressed, whose niamie the narrattor couild not
recall, answered not a word, but set to
work. There was no coffee in the pit, but
thtere was some in thte next one, which \vas
tossedi over. Btit hm6w to make the flhe with
out .wood, that was the qulestion. 'lThe col
ored mant calculated the chances, made a
break for the sutier's wagon, snatched a
loose side of a provision box and came back
with a bullet hole in the board, which was
meat for hIs own b~ody. Tihecn hie made a
fire ini a coriier of the pit and prepared the
coffee for his p~atienit. The stler's wagon
was a fair target, and the autler himself was
lit in the leg whlile making an Incautious ap
proach to It It had a limited supply of
provisions, regulation htard tack and raw
bacon and a little liquor, which wvas of great
service to the wounded. Another vehileo
which was on view here to-day, anid will
doubtless be preserved at F'ort Steelo as a
pet relie of recent history, is the ambulance
taken down by Miajor Thornburghm. It stood
out with the wagons, near the centre of the
oval space occupied by the troops, and Is
ventilated by some thirty bullet holes.
Rankin, thme scout, got under It one day for'
a nap and was awvak ened by a ball which
struck one of spokes within two Inches of
the top of hishead.
some Curious Fdacts.
If a musket ball be fired Into' the water it
will itot only' ho rebound-but be flattened ;
If fired through a pane of glass It will make
a hole the size of theball Withotit cracking
the glass; if thme glass be suspended by a
thread it will: not even vibrate. Cork If
sunilC 100, feet In the ocean, will riot rise, on
seg6unt of tlie presareo91 thtc ater, In
the Arctio regions, when, the thermontere
is, below gero, persons egn. converse more
than a n4Ihe dietdm Dr. Jhtniaoh d'e orts
that ld beai'd ovt drd of a siA
"Curiously enough," said Mr. Barry,
"that story of the jiuige's reminded mo of
a case that happened inny years ago iu
my district in IndIa. I did not see the oc
currence myself; but a man who did told
me about it, and in fact the thing was per
feetly well known. It took place at a din
ner party or social gathering of some kmnd.
A lady sit, (own to the piano, and had just
begun to play, when some one chanced to
look at the leg of the music stool on
which she was seated, and perceived solie
thing there. A closer inspection showed
that. the moving object was a snake, one of
a most venomous species. It had been
closely coiled round the spiral leg of the
stool; and when the poor lady uncnscious.
ly seated herself in its vicinity, it had been
disturbed. and immediately began to move.
he was quickly warned of her great dan
ger, and urged to sit perfectly still, which
she very heroicly did, not stirring hand or
foot, or uttering a cry. It must have been
a ftrful trying ordeal for the poor thing,
as there was no telling what course of ac
tion the snake might pursue. However, in
this case it never touched her at tall; but
ifter curling round and rotind the music
stool, for half a miniute or so, it dropped on
the floor, and was killed before it could ef
feet its escalpe."
"low excessively unpletasant" saidi a
youth; one of those, like llysel, new to
Indian life and experiences. "Why, the
horrid reptiles seen; to meet you it every
turni is no place safe from thmi?"
I Don't ;c alarmed, my dear sir,' replied
the doclor, easily; "the siakes are not, so
frequently ecountered atter ill--tle poi
sonous ones at least. And though it is un
happily the ease that thousands ot' people,
chiefly natives, lose their lives Iy shakes,
there are at the sane time nmbii erles in
stances in which those who have been bit
ten by the less d1ngerous species have re
cover'eld, anid I fiact iufrceed litile or 110 tin
casiness. There are plenty of harmless
snakes, lat you are not tiue whilich are
which for a time. The storis you have
been heating are whit we ma1y call "'spec
Among the group that had formed on the
deck was an India'm chuphain, who had
been listening to all t hat had gone on, but
had not hitherto hiken ny 11aCtive pIrt in
"If you will allow me," he now observed
"I will tell You a ver) curious and melan
choly incident that happened on one ocea
sion in a church where I was conducting
the service. The windows and doors were
of course all wide open. and through one of
those open doors a cobra glided into the
church. I did not notice it myself, but
several of the congregation did, andl(] were
not unreasonably much alnirmied. The
beadle, a native, was fortunately on the
aler't, and te managed to procure a tulwar,
with which he cut ot the creature's head
betoro it had time to (1o any mischief.
Tranquility was restored, and the service
proceted to its close, when Imiany of the
congregat ion went to look at tle dead
snake as it lay headless on the ground.
Among them was a man who, in his curi
osity to examine the reptile put his foot on
the head and rolled it toward him; when
lie instantly utttered a lot.d exclaiatioii
and drew his foot away. By some means
or other lie had contrived to set in action
the muscuiar apparatus attached to the poi
son fangs which had dartded violently for
wird and struck him ont thefoot. All rem
edies were useless; in half an hour the-poor
fellow was a corpse, proving, with a Ven
geance, the awful virulauce Qf the cobra da
This was our last iecdote. It was get
ting late, darkness was setting in, and it
was about time when the judge, the doc
tor, and some of the otherswere in the
liabit of turning in for a nightly rubber of
wlist. An adjournment was made there
fore, by miost, of the paty to the cabin, D~r.
Beamaishi bringing up the rear wvith the
"'Very curious incidlent that you have
just related, Mr. Lane,'' Iheiard him say,
as he dhecendled the stairs; "I mtust really
make a nole of it.'"
"YXes," calmly repliedl the chaplain,
'"but neveri heless terribly Itruo."
Dmith of ai Notl ttuantress.
A female wvho was known in the Dela
warc Vitlley, it New York, as the ''Female
luniter of Long Eddy," died recenitly on a
farm in Damnascus town ship. I her unme
was Lucy Ainn Lobdell, and in 185S1, when
only seventteen years of age, she wtas mar
ried to Gecorgo Sliater, a raftsman. Before
her matrriage she had acqumired wonderful
skill: witht the rithe, both in htunting aind
target shooting. Aftcir a ycar' of married
life Slatetr deserted his wife and~ daughter,
anid was inever hieaird of. 'Mr's. Slater's
paretsa were poor', and1( she left heri bitby
with them, In ordler to adopt the life of a
hunter,-She donned tmaseuline' attiire, and1(
fotr eIght y'ears roatmed the woodls of
that section, occupying huts tlhat she erected
for the purpose. Site only appecared at thte
settlements to exchange sking anid game
for anmnition and ineedled supplies. She
wrote a book of thrillIng adventutres, aitd
givin~g an account of lien sufferings from
cold, hunger andi sickness, after returning
to Long Eddy to recover aer health, which
had1( broken dfown from the hardshIps antd
exposture of her life as a hunter. She re
corded the killing of 1118 (leer, 77 beatrs,
one pantheir and1( mnttberless wild cats and
foxes, After recovering her hlealth site
again donlnedl her masculino garb, and went
about thte country as -a muisic teacher. A
yotung lady at Blethaity, l'onmsylvanlh, fell
desperattely ina love with her, anad they were
engaged to be married, when her sex was
accidenitally dilscover'ed, andi site wias forcemd
to fly, to escatpe a threatened coat of tar and
feathers. After this she retutned to Long
Eddy, p'ut on womoi's clothing, tand goeing
agaIn sick, was admitted to tihe almehotte
of which her chIld was ait inate. WSihle
in tile almshouse shte became acquainted
with another deserted wife named Wilson.
They refused to be soparatedl, adl in 1869
they left together, anld for two' years they
wore tnot hieardl from. In the Stamer of
that yoear a couple cahln'g 'themselves thte
liev. Josephi Israel Lobdell- and Wfe ap.
peared in the mouintain villages of Monroe
county, Pa. They live'd in caves anud
cabins it the *oods, subsistung maInly on
charity. 'They generally 'tjppoa'ed at the
settlemt1Its'leddl'ii hbear, vbialftheoy'had
tamed. Tho man claimed to be a prophet,
and delivered harangues on religiois -sub4
jects. They' were finally recognized'as thte
erryr an pPe uper0 of-Delhi. ii Slator
was" inally' arr e and epenI. dverWa
*eeks hi the n o Odmify ail 11er
?~i 6h- 'lon khu
in the court records. It was cu' iel in
clear and earnest Euglish, anid powerful in
its argument. It was written with a pen
made from a split stick, the ink being the
Juice of poke berries. Lucy An: lohdell
was released from jail. T whe w went to
Damascus township, and in 1877 purehae.d.
a farm, which they occupied anid worked
together until a1 few days sin1ce1, nh lhell IAlle
Alnn Slater. or Joseph Israel Lob !4-11. as h'e
insisted onl being knownl, died afl'r a brief
illness. She was nearly fifty yer rS ot a1ge.
The daughter of Mrs. Shter N%:is aittopied I
by a fariner in I )aniseus. Ia., a is in i 187 1
was a handsome and intelligent girl. 11, r
history is checkered, like her 1uot her's with
ill-fortiue. A young mian named K (lit
was a suitor, but she rejected him. So n
after she was on her way home one eveni
ing in a thunder storm, whens she was seized
by thlree men, one of whlom was supposed
to be Kent, brutally treated and t brown into
the Delaware river. She was washed upon
an island, where she regained conscious
ness. She was rescued by a1111111 living oI
the opposite shore and taken to li. aous.
Leaviig there thinking site woulI find her
way home, she got 1st in the n sods, anid
It was three days before she was found
iane and nearly dead from h1uger. She
fiinally recoveredi i her reason, an1d i. still
Vig ht wnl CIn~.
Some timlie igo, a boy 11aoit lifteen yearIIs
old, ia Ilepliew of Mr. I larrison's, 1a in
mate of his family, at ILittle Rock Arkanis
ats, weit )uit. to [te barn it) feed the horses.
When he entered the loft, he discovered
two large Cats 13ing Onl the straw aisleep.
Boy like, lie took up a nidle of fodder,
and creeping up, stnick both of theIll at
one blow. There was something of a dissa
pointmenit in t Ihe result. Th enIs, inst ead
of running away, sprang at the hoy with a
fury that startled him. Ilaving nothing
with which to defend himself, the boy tuim
bled around, while the cats srtalled, clawed
aId bit him unmereitully. The boy's cries
did not bring assistance, tind, of couirse, rea
lizing the fact that it imight prove fatal to
delay desperate efforts, the boy sprang to
ward the ladder leaning against tihe rafters,
and aseended to the roof of the house. The
eats followed him, and, despite his ef'orts
to keep them away, bit and clawed him
frightfully. Realizing his bidder folly, he
jumped down on the hay. The cats fol
lowed him. By this time he was bleeding
very freely, and his coat was almost, torn
into threads. Seizing one of the cats by
the hind legs, he attempted to bieat it. to
death against the wall, but the animails turn
ed around and began tearing his arm.
Stinking the feline off, he r-ani to the ladder
leading down. The animals followed him.
Just as he reached the ladder, he discover
ed a monkey-wrench lying on the floor.
Seizing it, he turned, dealt the foremost cat
a blow between the eyes, and before it
could recover, mashed its head. The ofher
animal was not rendered less ferocious by
the death of its companion, but fought with
fury. With a heavy blow the boy stret ch
ed out the remaing feliie and heat out its
brains. Catalting theni by the tails, he
marched to the house to give an account of
his battle. When lie entered the hotise,
ragged, and bleeding from almost every
inch of his body, holding two large eats by
the tails, the astonishment of the uncle and
terror of the aunt were what you might
call, boundless. The boy huas been confined
to his bed since the encounter, and hIs phy..
sicians says that his recovery is doubtf'ul,
Flo wor Cultunro-The Geratulum.
Among Idies who cultivate flowers, th e
geranium has long been a deserved favorite;
being found in almost every collection In
the parlor, the garden or the greenhouse.
We have thought, therefore, that some ac
count of this flower and the best mode of
managing it, would be atcceptable to our
fair readers. G.eraniums will always he
adired, eitheir for the agreeable fragrance
of their foliage, or the splendor of their
flowers; and when the great dlelicacy of
their flowers, the brilliancy and( enie~lss
variety of their colors, the finely p~encile'd
lInes In sonme, and the cloudedi spots in
others, as well as the great length of time
which they continue to disp'lay their blos
somsa, are taken into considerationi, they
are -surpassed by but few flowers. The
plants which have opened the greatest por'
tion of their flower-buds, shiouhll be removed
fromi the greenhouse or p~arlor to the gardten,
or to some situation where they will be ex
posedl to thme sun part of the (day. Th'le
scarlet geraniums form a suporb show when
In bloom. Nothing, Indeed, can exceed
the beauty andh brilliance of a collection of
dlwarf scarlet geranliums, either ini beds or'
in po0ts; they enliven the balcony, the
windIow, or the patrlor', all summerci. If
remnovedt into a warmer conservatory in
November, and a little water gIven to Iliemi
until the miiddle of Deccember, when they
commence growing, they will flower from
January to Ap~rl. P'ropagation Is very
easily effected by cuttings, requiriing only
to be shifted from tine to time. Th'le
young plants1 are very lIable to be attacked
by the aphidlan, or green fly. The most
cifctual cure us tobacco water.
Ironi in Anien~t Entrand.
In the reign of Edtward III. iron was so
scarce that the pots, spits and- frying-pans
of the royal kitchen were classed among
the king's jewels. Up to the endl of the
fifteenth centtury Englhslk iron ws niot only
dear'er but inferIor to that manufactured on
the continente. During the fifteenth cen
tury the manufacture of iron began to be
extensive In Bussex, where the ore and the
imber for smeltIng it abounded, and iron
umills soon became numerous In the country.
The landed proprietors catered into the
business eagerly, and not only were many
ancient houses enriched- thereby. but sever
al new men acquired wealth and founded
families. In the forest pf Decan also, where
Wood was plentiful, iron waus largely smelt
ed, The land, however, soon became (de
nudedi of trees in consequence of the ex
clusive use of charcoal for smelting; pec ple
became alarmed, and many edicts were
fulminated restricting the mianufticture of
Iron. Eventually the fooling became so
strong that from the tIme of the Restoration
the Iron manufacture of England rapIdly
declined. Coal was known, but there was
4. prejudice against Its tise on account of
Its supposed pestilentIal qualities. .Coal
morcover, as then used, injurigglly affecte4
the qualIt of the ron, and it was not un"
til the bgning of Ahe elghteenih centurft
that tiro l rdai 'steps for .9vercbming the
ilow Uuariiios ire Bred.
"Aild what }o you deal in whein wild
animals are dull ?" askedi a reporter of Mr.
mese,"ad Mr. Reicho waved ble
in1d to sigiliy what Seemtd from their
thitter and their noise a million canaries.
Eich bird was confiled s.parately Ill in lit
tle wicker cage in tle forn of a cube,
neasilmiinur about six inclies in all ways.
'fhese lilnell ilthe Wails of the large shop,
isimg ii liers to) tle ceiliing, and ing ricides
f)1' t)it rose at iiterviils fromi tie Iloor.
"Tecatary bird is my staple," Mr:
lwieie contiiued. "Froi August until
Alay. these littie eratures Coine to me lit the'
nate of 2.000 every week. When I Came
to this eouitry, inl 1847, lthere was no trade
in caiary hirds. just, as there was no trade
inl tiowers. You could not bily a canary's
enlge or seed to feed hii with in this city.
These things had to .e sent for to Europe.
'ie taste for birds and flowers had to bo
incilented, and it has been since that time.
"They call them eanary birds, but they
aire German birds The native canary does
no4t 1111g. It was when the caniary was
crosse( with the linnet and the lark and
other song birds of Euon pe that the little
maisician which we know as the canary
catne to e.xist. These birds are all bred in
Germanv. The inhabitants of the Itartz
Mount inims supply the , eivilized world.
'There is not a cottage Ili ill thle region
about Andreashuirg and the Broeken that is
1ot f0ll of t hem. SOMC Of the peSIits
raise as mially its 0 in a year, but tle
average Is perhis t wenty to a house. As
-1Cu as $400, 00 goes to the inhabitants of
(lie I a rtz Mountains for their canary birds
every Year. They have bred theit forgen
ertions, and fairs are held and prizes are
olfered to Stiiuite (hIe briedlrs.
"Tlese wicker cages," the fancier con
tinued, holding up one slenderly andsimply
constructed of soft white wood, "are minade
by the peasants w ho breed the birds. The
canary that coines to America is confliied
to his cage for a space of about three
weeks. I seid an order for several thou
sand birds to my brother in (k'rmuany, Ile
(irects a number of agents to coilet in the
1larz enough bir(1 to fill (lie order. The
peisant has no general plae of sale. 'Ti.
ageats go from cottage to cottage, buying
in one 500 birds, and in another 700, and
so on. I list ruct ions are given to send these
birds to the port of shipment, to be there
on Friday. On Saturday the ship sails.
Men go with the birds to feed and care for
thema. One man ean lake care of 1,250
birds, and I generally have two ienl going
each way in the North GAerman ships every
Here Mr. Ruiche reques',ed one of his
men to show how the birds fed. The man
lifted in his left hand six or eight, littRIc
cages that were fastened together in a line,
anid with a knl of shovel, held in'his right,
Wooped ill) a quantity of seed from a
bucket at. his side, and with a single sweep
seat(ered tie same through the bars aid
into little cups arranged inside. With like
skill and celerity water was poured into the
cages from a cali such as is used In the
fillhg of 1111i11p.
"You see how One man1 call take care of
1,260 birds," Mlr. lieiche said. "With
two sweeps of his hand le can feed and water
eight birds, and yol only have to nultiply,
Tie little fellows have to be us tendrly
cared for as children. They are two weeks
comiig from the lIartz Aiountains to New
York, and they are never more .tiin two
weeks, and generally not one week it the
ship, so their period of close conlinement Is
not very long. he cannot be kept i such
(uarters, and whenever by any lcilcit 1
see that I am likely to be left with many
on hand, I send them out 1111d at once sell
theml by auction."
Next to the atiton of rain ando rivei's
comeis the guawinag effect of coast waves.
'I'he waves thunder against the cliff, wich
imocks its seemingly impotenit rage by dash51
iing it backwvard in a cloud of foamn and
spray, but It, returns again aiid aigain to the
charge until persistency wIns the day.
'"hle east coast of England, whlih has for
cenlturica been fast yilding to the attacks
of tile Getrmtan Ocean, furnishes Sir C.
byellI withl the majority of hIs illustrations
in his interestIng chatet.rs utpon the actiobs
of tides and currents. TIhat eminent geolo
gist tells us how towns and( villages, mnarked
by niames in old( maps1) nowv lie fathoms deep1
beneath (lie waves. In onie case, whicht
catme under his notice, honses had withlin
tile mnemory of living men stood utpon a
clill' fifty feet highi, but In less than a half
century hlouses and1( clill' were all engulfed,
andl sea water deep enough to float a frigate'
occupiied their site. As many as twelve
churches, each further landward thaii thle
last, have been built in one0 parish, anid all
but one hatve been swallowed up by thle
sea. -Chnrell-yards have consequently
been destroyedl, In many places theo corpses
and skeletons having been washed ouit or'
thieir graves and floated away by tile tide. Sir
C. LyelI himiself sawv haunan remaIns pro
triniig from the cliff at Recutlvers, at
Kent, In 1851. And he humorously alludes
to a scene (8 .1A "ted by Biewick, wvhibb, 110
says, numer)Cou3 points( 0on that coast 'might
have suggested ; thle graveyard of 'a ruinied
abbey undermiined and isolated by the sea.,
with a broken tombstone in the foreground
serving as at 1):och for the commnorants and
bearing the inscription: "To perpetuate
the memory of -"; onie whose very name
was obliterated, and whose monument was
to fail in the waves. And he aptly, thotlgli
somewvhat sarcastically, suggests that such
a tombstone would .be e, fit trIbute to the
memory of "sohiOo ph1ilosopher" who had.
taught "the permuanenicy of exIsting coni
nents," thte "era of repose, or the "huipo.
tence of mlodern causes."
AOurtons Ultetrlial Fact.
During the reign of Gares I, a coun~ry
girl camne to London. in,search of a place as
a servant maid1(, butt not sticceeding she
hired herself to carry out Jeer fi-rma ware
house, . and was one of tljose called tub
women. 'VT brewer' observing. a ,good,
looking girl In this low occupation; tobk
her Into his family as a soatt.nd1 astera
short time 'married her, .240i Alek while
she was yet a young womat, legyit apr
the bulk of his fortune. . o
brewing was41rdppel1 r. fdew le
commeriddto..tko yolmg womet a. a
skilfut lawyer, to arrapge .he %xp ~'
was gQIen sj AmKt~ lt
quarriagotblero wieio~1~ so
6au ho 4ai*x
qu oDs of -l1)~
N S13 IN BIPi" .
-''he Ii rst palijtee of Ilolvrood was
bulried by tile .Fugish In. 1547, after
standing over 400 years.
-The Valenltine ironl works 'tit IVil
-lam1zllport., all., will soon sta't up, giv
Inig (pll jioyn1t 1L to 100 men01.
-t 1 astnimated tijat the tobanco crop
of PelInnsylvania tIay reacll 60,000 cases,
of which .15,000 will come from )ancas
-Thli semi-aninal dividends payable
In Bloston, in Octuber,tggregate $5,.108,
095. of whlet the naatioal banks py
-Swedtn imports annually about
1,000,00 tons ofcoul. The ylBId of tie *
Swedish coal pits For 187 wag noout
-Over 20,000 quiarti m ninhds have
been recorded In Montana,- add some
of the iountain ranges h;veuot yet
-Four of the principal labor unilons in
England have spent $1,300,000 in the
last year in exteiding relief to their
-Two domesticated goa ts -which left
11arper's Ferry in1 1804 and took refuge
on Maryland IIelgh ts, now tIlulber
over three hundred descendants.
-For superior education Germany
hais 21 universities, with 1922 prol'essors
and 20,282 students; 4311 of the latter
ire iII the University of Berlin,
-The UIversIty of Copeuthlagen,
Denmnara, wcIhi wv ill celebrate its
fourti centennial Juln0 1, 1880, reports
60 professors and 1250 students, of
wioim 20 are female.
-Less tian half the oflicers inI the
stafl'o0 ofur army, or 231 out of 520, and
about one-tiiird of those In the line,
597 out of 153-, are graduates of Wei
. -A joiNt stock company hlas been
organized iII England, With it capital
of $5,000,000 1i shares of $5 each, for
the establ ishment of temperance houses
all over the kingdom
-In tile Southeri States the colored
people Iavo 10,792 public schools, 27'
IOrImal schools, high schools 23, uiil
versltics 1nd colleges 12, scliools of
theology 17, of law ', of iedicleb 3.
--The extent of land under the dif
forent crops in Oreat .Britain iIs as fol
lows:--WIleat, 2,800,137 acres; barley,
2,607,103; oats, 2,056,575; potatoes,
510,842; hops, 67,715
-Tie length of the sewers in Phila
delphia aggregates 330 imilps, Connec
ted with whleh 4kr0 mord than 1000
mlilies of soll and waste lIipes, comllun-.
loatiigwith iore than 40,000 dwellilngs.
-Mr. do Lesseps is going- to A thens
to study a )roJct of t canal acrUss te
lsthimus of Corinth, between the gulfs
of Salon lea and Corinth. The Cost Is
estimaated at from $2,800,009 to $3,200,
-The Whole number pf Chinese who
have etnigrated into tile Unlited, $tates
d uring the last t wei ty-vd'yeai's Acaree
ly exceeds 200,000, and it is said that
fully one-ialf of these have returned to
their native country, . .
-Tie Temperance Alliance;of Loul
siana assert that, in tILat State last year
spirits worth $42,000,000 were drunk,
or $2,000,000 Worth imore than~llb com
bl'led Value of the sugar, cotton id
rice crops of the State,
-- *iegold current, st111 sets toward
the United States.' From July 1st to
September 2Gth the gold recolied at
New York from Eu rope-exeeded that
sentout,.by tie snug stum of $25,300.314.
-There ar's said to be fully 200,000
beggars irampinig about the: Gerlmaln
Empire, aId they are Ceillated to get
as5 a msl'nlot 1ess than $18,(100,0O n alnu
aliy iln llhoiey, witut conasldetilig thle
value of 10ood and~ clothiinggiven'themn.
.,DLuring tile past year the Arneriean
BIble Soelety hmft prited 1)n average
of. 1,000 copies a day.of its .ti nCent
Testament, -and "sti. 111 aa, <eje1) upl
wvithm itsioerder~s. About 500'coules of it~s
twventy-flye cent Blble hgaVe beeni prinl
-Boston shipped. 1,70)5,798 eases
of boots and sihoe for tile year epding~
July*10, 1879. Of these Chicago took
178,221 eases; St. Louis,- 117,U068' Newv
*York,, 1 13'871 ; P'hiladelphia, 94,402,
and~( (Gneinnallt,, 93i,450 cases--making a
total of 05,831 cases.
-A fatrmhGer attelted1 to cut 'Into a
pre'limi pultlpkinl'at ai friir at Oounel
(*rove, 1Kansas. :to get a few of the
wes buit founId itlfmadO.of..woodi. It
liaid taken01 n1nny prize9 at fairs -for Its
\veight, 230 ploundk II Up s elrelaimfer
ence, 7 foot.
-There being but ibout $6,401000 of
gold inl smaltler denom~inaltions8 than 20s
no0w inl the Tireasuiry, the Philadelphia
Milt ~will rengily itigt. of tihe forein
gKold ito flye aktl ten (doliar k' dieces,
Tn'fe 53~ and 103M noW being~ eoir d'y the
Sanl F"rancisco Mint 'will beosen~ Eiast.
-At a recefltauction sale of ostriohes
in Cape land the tlow&Viprlce paid for
aL pair wasI $000,-and tile highlesi. $1.425.
Sin'de theO deCvelopment'ef osrlidh farm
lag .jip anl .industryg thlv~.aluo 6f the
birds Ihats ri l l ng og ,qi t bunch
of choiee feathers yas lately sold at
Port Elisfbeth'for $337 a pouhd.
-In 1878, 2,/08 med ical'stilddnts wvCrs
graduatedl tidmn'the 119 o olleges for the
United Strates. .' As tho. atatistios' show
thlat fim th17 ynigry ago1.av rgpt.50O
peopfE1 'sIt one I physi~i 4, th~r
'i11ustb'N Unflstatsupjllyof dW 18O00
patients, wilo must ay~ the helfoasome
ogn o*14070,Q00 a years, it. oi-der to
al ow oeeigenotpr onggg2 gg$y.I'
-g hg span~gmawhine whleh has
very 8Ilt~ffidtbri r ,kiIh I.orke4
placed in the maochh1'f? and'Uhtbst nn
hqilr8 pa hs jtapd3g, yi
0otamas h airless' as,' dtid'bendfr
tile Kihg orv of friAjh.t M
i.t~i Of .ffI0 00 bt