Newspaper Page Text
* r - - -z-r
Th I-WEEK-JLY EDITION.
WINNSBORO, . C., DECEMBER 2 1879
OL. I1L-NO 1!4
MY BIRD AND I.
The day is young and I am young,
The red-bird whistles to his mato;
le e.ts the tender leaves a mong,
I owing upaa the garden gate;
le singe that life is always gay
"A (lay so fair can nover die."
. lau;h and cast my flowerseaway;
We aro so happy, he 7.
Deep wading throngh the yellow whoat.
My shaves unbound within my hand.
I sink, to rest my-tired feet, ' -
And nionday heat brorie o'er th3 land;
1dThe red-bird falters in his song
We fear the day will nover die
The minutes drag the hours alon -
We are do weary, he and I.
I stand alone; my work is done;
The bird lies dying at my feet;
There's promiso in the stting sun;
The evening air blows eoft and sweet.
My blnded sheaven I lay aside ;
The day is dead; I too must die.
When stars come out at-eventido,
We shall be resting, he and I.
'iThe days were growing dark for George
Graham. Ils st'udious habits had resulted
in an affection of the eyes that threatened
to grow serious.
This was his last term at school, and if
he passed his examination creditably, ie
was to have a place in Solomon Grant's
store, with wages that would not only
take care of himself, but greatly help
1ils mother was. a widow, and George's
love for hor was a sort of passion of devo
He was very fond of Susie Hale, but
Suslo was only a nice girl to him-a dear,
sweet, good girl, such as any fqllow would
like; but his mother was the lady to whom
was duo his love, his care, his uttermost
The plans he made in life were all for
his mother sake.
What if this growing dizziness about him
was to increase until all was (lark? What
if he must be no help to his mother, but
only a burden on her forever.?
Ills scholarship hud been so flue that his
tutor hesitated to reprove his now continual
failures; and Georgogald nothing of the
increasing darkness around him to his mo
ther, for he felt that it would break her
heart ; nothing to teaoher or schoolmates,
for it seemed to him that his grief would
be nothing to them. Biut one afternoon
the crisis came.
No one who was present that (lay-not
Uven the smallest child-1vill ever forget
the look of wild despair t'hat swept over
George Graham's face, or the gesture of
helpless anguish with which he stretched
out his hands, as if to seek anong them all
some friend, as lie cried
"God help me, I have becnging...bltu4..
and now I cannot see one figure in my
There was a silence after this, through
which came no son(d but the audible beat
Ing of George Graham's tortured, despairing
Then the master gent avay the others,
for school hours . were nearly over, and
tried his beat to comforthas stricken pupil.
The words of the tdhcher entered his
ears, but they did not reach his heart or
kindle his hope.
As soon as ho could he went away. Ile
did not go straight home. Ilow could ie
face his mother and tell her what he must
tell her now?
lie sat down on a bank a little removed
from the road side, a bank which overhung
a swift, deep yet narrow stream.
An awful temptation came over him.
To be sure to die would be to leave Ils
mother to fight her battle of life alone; but
also it would relieve her f rein tno heavy
-burden lie must needs bo to her If he lived.
The river rushing down there below in
-vited him with its muirmurii.
lie hent forward over the stream. Then
he drewv back, for a longing came over him
to go home first and see Is mother juist
"Scc her! What am I talking about?
D~o I not know I shall never see her again."
And a girl's voice, soft and tenddr, an
unle xpect ed voice, answered him
"Yes, you will see her again. Surely
you will sep her again 3"
The hoy turned his face towards the
"HIowv d1id you come here, Susie Haile?
"Don't belx angry, George,'' tihe genitle
-voice entro-rted. "I waited' for you.I
-could not go home till I h~ad told yotr how
sorry I was, and tried to comfort y'ou. Yomt
must take heart and try to lbe cured. I
have known people who could not see at
all,, 1o be ,helped, and why not you ? At
least you Ilnmet ti'y."
'An evnimood00( was upotn leorge Graham.
andt hie answered, harshly -
"Where is the mnoney to come from, if
youl please? It has been all mother could
do just to live, and sh e han struggled on in
the expectation of -my being able soon to
help her. Bhe lhas no money for experi
ments. 'I hcre is udothing for it but for ime
to rest a (lead iveight upon her hands, or
"Youl believe in. God, George Graham,
and you will not defy huim.. If li- means
you-to bear this you will bear it like a man,
andl not try-to get ri:f thiettrden. Jnst
now, it sOOIn1s to me, ou ouglit to go hiotme.:
WVoidd youfilke your miothers to. hear this
from somelonfl else ?"
lie rose slowly.
- "You are rIght," lie salid, "and mdou Ar6
a good girl. Good bye, Suste."
8he di pot try to go with him; she fol
l Ils mother met imn at the gaie./
When she took his hands In hidra the p~oo$
fellow felt that she knew all. She@ *aa
very quiet and self controlled.
"Your tutor has1 boen hjre,'" she said,
"aind -lie has tdll Erne, My : drling, Mhy
have you sat lip (e d kj /4und:sbut y.il
miothoer out frot~ y e ~n yejg tr~ o'
break your heart.'"
Meanwhile, husie 11ale had
full of an absorbing purpo.
Someohow money Inust and shaou d be~
Shekn* k a a
could not dispose eveii of her slender in
But would he not be persuaded to let her
have enough of her- own money to accom.
plish her desire?
She asked hni, using ier utmost powor
of persuasion to touch lils heart, but he ro
fused with peremptory decision.
Susie lad in the worlk- on9 treasure, a
diamond Hag, which had ben her mother's,
with a 4tone white and clear as a dewdrop.
TI Is must, she know, be worth hundreds. t
It was her owf.
She had meant to keep It all her life for
her mother's sake, but surely this great
need of George Graham's justilled her iL
partink with it.
She had one friend in whose good faith t
and judicious management she felt implielt
confidence, and to him she sent lier mother's a
ring, with the request that he would'sell it B
as speedily and on as good terms as p9ssiblo,
and retuit her the price of it in batik notes,
and keep for her the secret that she had
disposed of it.
It was a week after George Grahain had Y
given up1) hope, whln a most inexpected
hope camte to him.
A neighbor, golipg,by from the post ofllce
handed in at the (lor a letter addressed to
him.' Mrs. Graham opuned it. a
"George," she cried, after a nionent. in y
an eager, trembling voice, "hero are one
hundred dollars, and this is the letter that
comes with them- - r
'This money is from a true friend of
George Graham s, and is to be applied to y
taking him to an oculist, in the hope that a
his sight may be restored. The giver with- U
holds his name, both because he desires no
thanks, and because lie wishes to make the a
return of'the money impossible.'
Si% l. from IHeasven itself," the mother i
cried. "George, I feel in iny soul that 9
you are to be cured."
The next day a mother and her blind "
son sought rooms at a quiet little house in I
the city, and the day after that they were 9
among the earliest patients of Doctor An- tI
The first exanihation of George's eyes .
was unpromising enough, and the doctor -
wanted to see him daily. Y
There were weary days and weeks that t
followed. and it was curious that the mo
ther was always hopeful, and the son 80
always despairing. Y
At last it almost'irritated him to hear her 09
speak of hope to him, and one day he turn- g1
ed on her with the firit burst of passionate W
impatience she had ever experienced from tr
"iMother," lie said, "for the love of Is
Heaven do not talk to me as if it was a
sure thing that I am going to see again. gr
I want to think it doubtfu, almost impos
sible. If you should make me expect a BC
sure cure, and then it shouldn't come, don't TI
you see that I should go mad I I thhik I e
should dash my head against the wall. I A
can only live by expecting nothing." til
After that the mother held her peace,
but whenever she went out of that darkened
room those who saw her iparveled at the
irlit of Jov in her PY"a ta
-At -ast the time caine; the bandag was tic
removed, there was just one wild cry
"Mother, I see you I" and tren George
lay at the doctor's feet, swooning in his l
great joy. on
It was weeks yet before he went home nu
again, but the good news preceded himm, to
. The mother wrote to Solomon Grant,. by
Who had agreed still to Keep the place open an
while awaiting the result of the experiment. lIl
Solomon read the Jetter in full family t
He little knew how his niece longed to til
snatch the paper from lits hand and read it
for herself ; nor did he heed the tears that re
swam in her dark eyes, tears of such deep, th
unselfish joy as only a loving woman knows. h
Another letter eame afterwards to tell al
when the widow and her son were to re- th
It was Susie who wvalked over early in 5i
the afternoon, carrying with her a basket of all
dainties for the travelers' supper. at
Susie's black eyes danced, and her heartb
sang within her as she set the table in the t
little parlor and lighted a fire in the kitchen th
stove, ready to make a fresh cup of tea he
whenever the wiow aid( her sonl shouldb
And at last the travelers caine, as at last
overything does come, if we wait long a
enough for it. di
They had expected to find an empty hr
house; they found instead warmth, and i
brightness, and good cheer, and Busie Halo'.t
H-ad George Graham grown through his thm
trial into a man's percopltion of a girl's em
charms, or had his eyes beeii hiolden before, 'I
that hie should not see?
I only know that that night, for the first g
time i his life, it dawned upon him that i
another woman might seome (lay diSpute with t
his mother the empire of lisa heart. fri
Butt. It was not untlifve years at terwards, le
whieh Mr. Grant had taken him into part- in
nership, and Mr. Grant's niece, Susie, had oh
become his wife, that George Grahani over
gueqsed from whose qeidpr bands had come
theogiftiby moans of - hilohie had beeni re
stored to hope and happiness.
The Farmer, the Gunner, andl thme &irdu.Ic
It 1i9i been gravely asserted by men whow
iave given (ho subject serious and patient a
study, that the locuset and grasshopper pests, N
whIch, from time to time, devastate some ui
of our Western States arid Territories, are
due to the wholesale destruction of game
birds eQf the Rocky Montains slopes and
the Mississippi Valley. Prof. Riley, State s
Entomologist of Missouri, declared that one
grouse would in a season consume eggs and i
harves of locusts enough if hatched out, to
destroy the cfophs upomf6ne hundr&d. acres
of land. These birds are the guards which a
riature has set over the flds, and we nIghit
as well poison the soil as to remove them t
from their appointed work. And what thec
g~s*1~eqW / rmer the beauti
'flPf~~ha~atf 16 (hi6 Etrn-_~
for It cmes In nm or proportioned to the a
$6lds sown, and Jakes as the recompense h
of its gtgtrdlanship of the young crops only
the scattered graIns of the harvest. Evyen t<
t~o~~la~ & pt, n~md favorh
the' ae ta ot all. T1he trees, the hedI~
the gonrihute athe vith smaller birds
4 buegr te atheiaido the 1%oriy
of an4oba d wh h are s~
11- ma th to 4sh
"Weil". 1 cried eagerly.
"You make that picture?
"I didl" I exclaimed triumphantly.
'Henceforth the wife of your bosom do
!otes her life to the divine -art. ta it not
'Very-very fine; but could you not
Lave found a pleasanter subject than a hat
le field? Although that group of Indians
o the right there-"
"Yes, In the corner. Very natural to be
"Indians? Thdre are no Indlans. That
a a group of tiecs just tinted with the
Duch of Autumn's finger."
"0, ye ! to be sure! I see. Surely, I
in growing nearsighted. A graveyard
Ucne. Very touchiig. And whose ionu
ient is that in the centre ?'
"Slonument ? Graveyard scene?"
"Yes. But Is it not rather unusual to
-e canimels grazing in a country church
'.Cauels ? Whcre do you see camels P9
"Why, here. . I would not hive beIlw
d you could have got them so natural.
,nd those five graves all in a. row. Quite
family shuffled off the mortal coil. Bit
ou are excited. This painting has been
)o iuch for you."
"It is too much for ine. That beautilul
istic mill a monumoit I And camels I
ou will kill me! TLey are cows! Don't
ou see they are cows? And those graves
; you call them, are moss-covered rocks.
ach ignorance I"'
"I beg your pardon, it is my poor e'es,
id [ see aright this time. That wind
Ill Is just the thing, but don't you think it
mould be nearer the mill ? It's just a sug
-stIon, you know. I may be wrong."
"cYou will make me desperate ? A
in(miill i Tiat lovely chu tree a wind
ii I Have you no touch of the divine
mnius in your soul? Have I encouraged
1ts divine talent but to meet 'scorn and ear
tm8 ?" -
"My dear Absinthe, draw it mild. I
,n't know much about the divine art, but
)u havo done-yes, I will say it-better
an myself should under like circum
nunce. It really is a marvel, but knowing
little about It, it isn't strange if I mistook
mir effort for a battle or even a graveyard
en. It is a Swissacene-the Alps. These I
aciers arq grand. But no; I must be
rong again, for surely you wouldn't put
tes and cows on icebergs. No, my dear
s all very pretty, but I give it up. What
"Oh, you miserable wretch I I've a
eat mind not to tell you. It's a beautiful
w England farm scene. Any one ciuld I
3. I'll never paint another picture!
lere !" And one stroke of the brush rmn
my painting forever, and I marched
ninidab grinily from the room, slamming
a door. What is my one talent ?
Measurenment or Distances.
ees Waight1731"a" -lih recent inven
nas in England. In this arrangement the
ilance of any object is ascertained by
aply reading off upon a scale marked
the base of a right angled 'triangle the
mnber of divisions which are equivalent
the angle of two lines of sight denoted
an index scale; the two sides of the tri
gle-that is the perpendicular and the
pothenuse-are the two lines of sight to
3 object, and the length of the base varies
th the distance of the object observed at
3 apex of the triangle. The distance of
5 same is measured by the length of base
juired to enable the line of sight to meet
3 object of the oblique line. Tho oblique
ae of sight in the instrument is obtained
mng a radius arm, the angle of which to
a base raay be set at pleasure. The part
the instrument forming the other line of
Fht at right angles to the base has a
ding action along the base, so as to ena
he tihe latter to be lengthened or reduced,
it is always at right angles to it. For
e base, a space is divided of 6.282 inches
us allowing thle decimal readings of thue
agth of the base to be obtained-6.282
ing thle proportIon of circle circiunfer
cc to radius. A scale Is provided by
eans of which the radius arm may be set
r oblique line of sight to the decimlal of
legree. Thue process of reading off the
stance of an object on the instrument Is'
this wise: As the chord of are of an angle
to the radius as 1 to 57.85, then if then
e radius arm be 57.85 inches, it follows
at for an angle of one degree it will be
0o inch out of perpendicular t'o the base.
lio oblique line of sight being along the
dius arm, will therefore meet at 57,85,
e perpendicular line of sight with one
ch base, and the object-at the apex of
qtriangle-will be distant 57.85 inches
om the observer, that is 57.85 times tile
agth of the base line. The base line be
g divided to scale, the distance of the
iject may thus-be read off.
latdn't Work It Iiight
Thme ticket-Aeller at the Union Detroit Do
it, has had apuother ,xperience in human
iture, thlough he long ago made up his
ind that he was familiar with all Sile
idks and traits everf dinployed by tiose
lie travel. Rtecently ho nuoted a middle.
[ed husband and wife holding a close con
, and pointing' his way, and after a time
1e man longed up and said t
"I want to go to Niles."
-'I 'spose I'll have to pay full fare," con
nued the man, "but that old woman. youi
e over there Is a foof and I'm taking .her
5ine to h'er frlen'ds. I 'uaos fools travel
ir half-fare, don't they?'
"No I we charge just as munch for a fool.
anybody else. We hays only one price."
"Well; that's kinder singular," mused
me stranger. "They always let fools into
reuses and bails and other shlows for half
rico, and somletimes for nothing. Beems
14'fyouotmilit to lmmiv soi'pity on her."
"I have pity on her, of course, but we
ave only one rate."
"Besides being a fool shid ha crazy spells,
>o, couldn't she take advantagd of the
muatlo adt and go foi half fate?'
"Sheinuit pay full fare I" waq the doe
The woman had been skuiklug forriq
bned froi to window, st'Woisp
rln yinqulred : "Kin I go as-afin
~ ~i~1apa ho t &e
'r Iw~ht in anel
One can% e9s6 in Everything.
Ideals 6f excellewes, If not excellences
themselves, -are so graduated as to fit the
different orders of mind in which they take
their riso. Gicatneso is not a positive qual
ity; it lI- simply a relative attr'bute.
The man who has hover succeeded in en
snartng a single "speckled beauty" from
some "tortuous stream" may truthfully
boast of his emnent success in catching
sculpins. o .
The man who candot sing may yet have
a voice peculiarly adpted to crying clame,
oranges or charcoal. ;
le who is no dan may - be good at
hitch-and-kick or shi lXyi'
The man who was' ot born to command,
to set a squadron In tllo field, may surpass
all hisacquaintances If the untiring devo
tion h evices in the doloring of his nicer.
The boy who Is evyr at'tho foot of his
class may still be an &pert in the formation
and propulsion of spitialle.
The lad who Is not-a pronounced success
at arithmetic nuay be Ibimply excellent at
mumble-peg and taw.
The woman who 0 ot make a loaf of
bread may excel in th making of frills and
Sho who cannot pla4 the simplest air on
the washboard may . ute the most diil
cr it themes upon the ilanoforto.
She who cannot da, a stocking may be
the envy of her circle r her skill and tasto
In worsted work, in 11 rying sky-blue dogs
sto pink backgrounds.
The mother who c ot command the re
spect of her children , y yet be fawned
upon by half a score 4 male bipeds without
a spot on thr ir dainty neut or an idea in
The son who never does a stroke of work
at home may be stiperlitively active in the
bowling alley or billiard room.
The daughter who la too feeble to wash
the dishes may dance Oil the emall hours of
the night after having, been shopping all
The girl who cannot sew may chew gum
with tireless jaw.
A great singer may not be able to smoke
the mildest of cigars without turning pale.
A general who has led armies on to vie
tory may be surpqssed in profanity by the
raggedest street-boy in the city.
'I lie hand that has penned the divinest
poetry imay be clownishly awkward with
the billiard cue.
The man who is capable of organizing
rind carrying forward gigantic business en
terprises may be easily outdinq at caucus
management by the shabbiest politician of
The artist who gives birth to such ex
cjulsite creations may not be able to tie his
neck-cloth nearly so well as Augustus, who
In his turn can do nothing else.
To.ching at West Point.
A West Point recitation, by the way, is
omething unique. Whe9n a visitor makes
MoW "?iirffou feel z cadet rises va
ntered your first freshmian so*i6ty, whlere
he walls were lined with your tender iiti
itors. This severe military carriage is re
axed at a sign from the instructor, and the
-ecitation goes on. The teaching is un
loubtedly the most thorough in the country
f not in the world. The reason will proba
uly be found in the fact that not only are
he cadets held to a strict accountability for
he work they go over, but in addition to
hat the assistant iustructors are also strict
y responsible to the professors in charge of
,heir department. Thus a professor of
nathematics will have one hour's instruc
ion with his class during the forenoon, and
,he remainder of the timo lie devotes to in
ipecting the work of his assistant professors
vho are instructing other sections in the
iame subject. As th.re are only nine men
n a section, it will be readily seen that no
me can escape. The fact that a professor
s known to mako the rounds of the section
'oomis is a guaranty to the cadet that no in.
lustie will be done him by a young iustriuc
~or who for any reason many betray partia
lity The professor Is sure to seek an ex
planation -for any great difference between
liis mark and that on a tutor's book when
bho same man is under consideration, it is
the curse of the marking system at our
American colleges that a man is at the mercy
of a young tutor who by his mark-book sits
in judgment from which there is no appeal.
Every college man knows how much in
justice is done lay a few callow instructor~
who have perhaps forty men to hear at a
tIme, who hear each man perhaps every
other (lay, and must determine his stand by
the two or three minutes he is on his feet.
There are so many oppontunities for the dis
honest student to impose on the tutor, 'and
the tutor is so quick to suspect of laziness
the man who is too honest to "pony" or
hand in "sick-excuses," and,' moreover, the
divisions are so large and the examinations
so Infrequent, that the marking system, in
my judgment, is fruitful of evil. No edu-,
cational institutioni in this country hass prob
ably so large a teaching force ini proporti'on
to the studentseas West Point. At Yale
andt Harvard the proportion is "about 1 to
10 ; at thme Mlilitary Academy it Is 1 to 5.
At Yale a professor has sometimes 60 mon
in a recitation-reom ; hereciehlasnine. Hiere
the studient must learn; there he may.
Here lie must Iearn so much and no ~more;
there lie must learn a little les than so
much, lbut maylearn a groat deal more.
When a stranger goes to Mlexico, every
bqdy who hass evea: been there asks, "Are
yop going to, climb Popocatapetl?" and the
strangpr almost Iivaribly replies, "Cer
tinly." He almost invariably changes his
mind, Popocatapeti Is private property,
owned by acresident of the 3Mexican capi
tal. In our own country whore there are
plenty of things .to get, nobody would take
a volcano for a gift, but in liex$9, where
there are so ftdw thingto own, thy ' snap
up volcanoes as we would gold mines and
bras qf owning them. There Is someothing
not only unique but impressive in owning
a volcan6. I wsa going down stairs in the
Itdirbide hotel 'in Miexico one day witlh a
netive;' when thed native pointed out a gen.'
tleman comning up stairs, and said he was
thd owsef- of the volcano Popocatepetl. I.
raithe bixpected to see dire' belohing~ out of
his iouwm and brim'stone oozlnt olit of his
'ears." Butitherb was bathing of the kind.
Hiednanio"*ias Gtieril' Ochoa,"and :the
gnlde'-book siys "heO 1s a potfeot gentle
nia i" i4 itxrnet be'eqi 'If he-is, I should
thinli ko w fa4 tart .ip his" ld Wot1 out;
YS)a0 Whdi6 lot of staugr 16~67~
o~~~ihtheM 't06E ogaua
is a volcano, and put it in all the geogra
phies and advertise it all over the world.
Gen. Ochoa who owns this defunct volcano
is a very ordinary looking person, and no
one, to look at him, would think that he
pays his board bills from the income do
rived from the sale of brimstone, but he
does. Some of his oneiks say that ho ti
under contract to supply an unmentionable
country with brimstone, but this is hardly
to be credited. Tohere are a good many rea
sons why it is not worth while to climb Po
pocatapetl. The first and foremost Is, sov
eral women have climbed It, and where a
woman can climb It Is no great feat for an
American young man to go. In the see
qnd place it is sixty miles from the capital
which in Mexico ineans two days' journey
over bad roads and in uncomfortable stages.
On the upper part of the mountain the at
mosphere is so rare that weak persons have
frequently been attacked with hemorrage of
the lungs, and some have died. The jour
ney Is laborious one, and a good mile of the
way, straight up hill Is through ashes and
cinder a foot deep. Last, but not least, the
journey is very Okpensive for stages, board,
guides, and costumes. Postscript.--Tho
game is not worth the powder. It is a
gre'at satisfaction to see this mountain from
a distance: to sit on the upper piazza of a
hotel, with your feet on the railing and a
good cigar, thinking, "So that is Popocata
pet], is it? That is the mountain my old
country schoolmaster used to say was the
highest in Anierica, with a pronunciation
eighteen degrees wide of the mark. And
now there she is. Who'd ever have
thought it in those old days of school house
benches and wander-ng school atlases?"
While you are looking at it, if you choose
the right time of day-after the sun goes
down--I. disappears before your cigar is
finished. It is quite possible that the
reader may have heard that there is no twpj
light in the tropics-the sun goes and in a
few minutes It is dark. The mountain
grows dim and disappears like the school
lay memories of Its unpronounced name.
There is no fire and brimestene coining out
of the crater, as there ought to be out of any
genuine volcano; there is nothing but a dim
spot in the distance to be seen only when
the moon gets behind It and lights up its
outiline. Almost any stranger looking at
the mountain fron any elevation In the
capital, will estimate that it In four or five
miles away, unless he knows better, for it
is sixty. The air is so clear there you can
see a long distance. It is so clear a Mexi
can will see a flive-cent piece two miles off,
an( go for it.
Ills Pretty Inatan NurNe.
J ust beyond the Moosic river, a few
miles northeas; of Scranton. In the primi
tive village of Salem, there lives a centena
rian whose history reads like a page plucked
fron one-of the Leatherstocking romances.
Abraham Johnson Is now 100 years old
lhale, hearty, unimpaired in intellect, and
gifted with a remarkable memnory. His
failly6,y1i'tW chmmWd1h1 im the -year
3, near Lake Champlain. Ilis father
was a Revolutionary soldier, at a short
timo before General Burgoyne's snrrender,
October 13, 1777. Abraham Johnson was
Captain of a company of Oneida Indians
in 1814, under General Macomb, who com.
manded at Plattsburgh in the absence of
General Izard. le refers with great pride
to the battle of Plattsburgh, and shows two
wounds which lie recelied on that occa
sion. One of them Is a bayonet thrust be
low the knee, and the other a sword cut on
the neck. le says that after lie was cut
down by a gigantic "11coat" another
thrust a bayonet through his leg to ascer
tain if lie were dead. He says lie boro the
punishment rather than suffer the indigni
ty of being taken prisoner, anri was accor
dingly left for dead. The Indians carried
their bleeding and battle-scarred command
er to their village, whlere lhe wars nursed
and cared for by Oneida, the beautiful
daughter of an Indian chief, whose gentle
care soon restored him to strength and
health. But while she healed his bodily
wounds, she inflicted one still deeper on
thle warrior's hleart, and lhe fell desperately
in love with her. She eventually meturned
his affection, and they were married after
peace had been restored between the United
States and Great Britain. Tfhey made their
home in Sussex county, 19. J.,'where the
dark eyed daughter of the forest taught her
hulsband how to earn a livelihood by basket
making. A daughter was born to them
and they named her Afartha. She is at
present kinown as Mirs. Ellsworth, and lives
in Mandison towvnshlip, Lackawana county,
Pa. As years went by Abraham Johnson's
Indian wife began to pine for her old home
and the rude associations of her childhood.
She gradually failed in health, and finally,
in response to her repeated longings for her
people, her husband carried her back to the
Oneidas, where she died and was buried as
became the daughter of an Indian chief.
Little Marthla found a home and shelter
for a time with an uncle in Bussex county,
but when she grew up she joined the Onel
da Indians, and lived among her mother's
kindred, where she married a man with th
untromantio name of Brown. After hi
death, she married Eilsworth, her. presen
husband, 'and returned to civilization. She
Is ars proud of her princely ancestors as if
they bore the proud name of the Piantage
nets, or possessed the high and haugnty
spirit of the Tudors, Since the loss of his
Indian wife, Abraham Johnson has remain
ed single. Hie still talks of General Jack
son to tile day of his death. Although en
.titled to a pension for hlis soldierly services
in the defence of the flag, lie does not re
ceive a penny, and is permitted to remain a
charge on Salem township. ie is probably
one of the'oldest men in Pennsyl vani a.
A Rtace wAh Thumbs en their Feet.
Mr4 Tresnlett, the Brittehl Consul at Sal-i
gon, In his report this- year, mnention as a
remarkable peculiarity of the natives of the
country, that they have the great ,toe ot
each~ kpt separated from the others, like
the thumb of the hansl, and it can be used.
In piuch the sapie manner, though 2mot tol
the same extent. This distinctiyo mark of
an Annt mite is not, .4owever, usually seen
in the v cinity of Salgon, but Is now confi
ned to t116 inhabitants of the moro northern
section of te emipire, where the race .has
renmaied ndr'istinet. This peculiarity
la th eann f9 the native .netp for the
ace; race that the ime and p.
ebliaityae of rata itiquity is ehown by
~lo iptip n (qnese annals .830 0. 0,.
Cleanung eds and Pillows.
Two little children were almost simaul.
tancously attacked with canker rash in its
worst form. There had . been no cases in
the vicinity for years, and they had been
kept entirely at home for the whole winter,
so there was no possibility of their having
taken the disease from any exposure to
contagion. It was a mysterious Provi
dence, the clergyman said, when lie was
called to perform the burial service. Af
terward It was ascertained that the mother
had bought a feather bed of a peddler a
few weeks before and used it on the trun
dle-bed for her little ones to make them a
comfortable nest for the cold weather.
Upon further investigation it was discov
ered that the peddler had bought it at a
house some twenty-five miles a*ay, and
that two children had been sick and
died of scarlatina upon the same bed the
year before. The bed had been laid away
in an open chamber till the family sold out
their place to move away, and they sold
the bed to a traveling peddler for a trifling
sum, thus distributing sickness and death
through a distant town, for the disease
spread in every direction and became a
regular epidemic. Had that bed, iminedi
ately after the death of the first children,
been washed thoroughly and soaked in wa
ter with either a little carbolic acid or spir
its of ammonia added to it, and then dried in
the sun it would have been safe to be used
by any one; but, as it was, it carried
grief and desolation into many households.
Of course, it was not a premditated wrong;
it was a case of ignorance or carelessness.
Diphtheria has been conveyed by useing
beds in the same manner, and, if individ
uals would only consider for a minute how
much suffering might be prevented, they
would be more careful. There is never an
effect without a cause, but perhaps the
cause may not be discovered till too late to
prevent the evil. It is very little labor to
cleanse pillows and beds, if (lone in a
proper manner, and common sense will
show that it is advisable to have it done t
often, even if no sick person has lain upon
them. A day's exposure to the hot sun
turning over and shaking them up often
Is a great benefit, and makes them sweeter
as well as lightr. An occasional washing
is a sure purifier. Carbolic acid, is a pow
orful disinfectant, and it sweetens beds
winch will accumulate a disagreeable odor
if not thoroughly cleansed and aired. Pil
lows can be washed without ripping so that
Lhey will be delightfully renovated. Use
scalding suds in a washtub to soak them
well, and then pass through rinsing waters
till the water is not colored at all. This is
ill that is required unless they really smell
badly. In that case, either carbolic acid I
wr spirits of amnion a should be added to f
rinsing water. Let them drain well and
hen hang them where they will get air and 3
Progress in Iceland.
kuger 'l n 'wiuY ,A~uuiay ian- ourists are
Avont to do, can hardly estimate the pro
rress now making by the people of Iceland.
ifany causes are contributig~g to this ad
rancement beaides the new constitutional
government. The purchases of horses for
he English market have brought into the
.ountry considerable suns of mony. The
trowing demand for Icelandic codfish in '
ipain and the establishment of several fish
>1l manufactories on the northern and West
rn coasts have enchanced the number of
>oats engaged in the coast fisheries, and
lave, of course, tended to increase the na
;onal wealth. The farm products-sheep,
ool and tallow-have Increased in quantity 1
md value in consequence of the introduc- i
ion of better processes. There are like- c
wise now may more elder-down establish
nents than formerly, the down finding an a
nereased sale in Russia. Until the pres
mnt year there has also been a steadily grow..
ng hay crop, but the northern districts have
mufeored this summer from droughts, Sal
alon, which formerly was rarely sent from
the country, has lately been largely export
ed, although the season just closed was an
uinfavorable one for this product also. As
i result of all this, the habitations of the
rarmer's and fishermen are rapidly becoming
better-greatly to the improvement of the
physical condition of their occupants. The
aumber of houses of stone and timber built
within the last six years is very consider
able. Small towns are rising at various
points on the northern and western fjords.
Akureyri, the principal port on the north,
[safjord on the northwest peninsula, Styk
kisholm on the great Breldafjord, Skagi on
Akrancs, a bustling hamlet of fisherman,
and Reykavik, the capital, are fast becom
ing important centers of Industry and trade.
Fdairy Stories of the Rhine Outrivaulec.
The Courier of Tiemneen, Algeria. de
scribes an interesting discovery recently
made at the cascades near that place. Some
miners had blasted an 'enormous rock near
the cascades, and, on the removal of the deb
ris, found it had covered alarge openinginto a
cave, thme floor of wvhichm was covered with
water. Constructing a rude raft, and pro
viding themselves with eandles, the work
men sailed along this underground river,
which, at a distumnce of sixty meters, was
found to merge into a large lake of limpid
water. The roof of the cavern was very
high and covered with stalactites, the bril
liant colors of which sparkled in the light
of thme candles. Continuing their course,
the workmen had at certain places to navi
gate their craft between tbe stalactiteA,
which, meeting siglagmites from the bed of
thme lake, formed massive columns which
looked as if they had been made expressly
to sustain the enormous arches. Thus they
reached the extremity of the lake, where
they noticed a large channel extending
southward. This is supposed to be a large
fissure, whieh has beafled exploration hith
erto at Bebdon. and wchih connects the
cascades with that locality, and thus -with
the mysterious sources of the Tefna. It is
possible that here they have found an Im
mense natural basin, supplied bypowerful
sources, and sending a part of its wateta
toward the lueke, white the rest goes to
Sebdon.. 'the workmen estimated the dis
tance -underground ,tratersed bythenm at
thmrep kiiometers, And the badtof the
lakeMa two.: They brought out with Mhem
a quantity of fishes, wi -c swarmed rqu~,
the raft, an4 which wede found to be bliz
eTimgir waosioutld examine tile whole
word; pshitl ott find on~e 'Iher11'o
happy as t4 hsve nothing tet 6Lwiebz
foryl~t twesee thoitsands, w o bsul
older a us tbr ~*pthing let t
FOOD FOR TIIOUOIr.
Words are to actions only the saw
dust of the club of Hercules.
Never affect to be witty or Jest so as
to hurt the feelings of another.
Making one's fortune in political life
is gambling upon % series of ifs.
I don't wonder that debt makes men
crin inals. It hardens the heart.
People must discuss something-it is
the great preventative of insanity.
When one's heart is full one is not
apt to drop a plummet line Into it.
Great souls hold firmly to heaven
and lot the earth roll on beneath them.
Low as the grave is, only faith can
climb bigh enough to see beyond it.
Never think worse of another on ac
count of his differing from you in poli
tics and religious subjects.
Never ridicule sacred things or what
others may esteem as such however ab
surd they may appear. to you.
Bodily en joyment depends upon good
health, and health depends npon tem
The man who studies to be revenged
only manages to keep his own woundi
No evil Is insupportable but that
which is accompanied with conscious
ness o. wrong.
When people's feelings have got a
tleadly wound tihey can't be cured by
Knowledge will alvays predominato
aver ignorance, as muan governs the
There are few doors through which
liberality, joined with good humor.
%annot find its way.
She that has no one to loVe or trust,
tas but little to hope. She wants the
7adical principle of happiness.
Have you known how to take repose?
Vou have done more than he who has
aken ulties and empires.
This is the present reward-of virtuous
oniuct--that no unlucky consequence
.an oblige us to regret it.
Integrity without knowledge is weak
md useless, and knowledge without in
egrity is dangerous and dreadful.
Of the uncertainties of our present
tate, the most dreadful and alarming
a the uncertain continuance of reason.
That man who knows the world will
lever be bashful, and that man who
tnows himself will never be impudent.
Let there be in necessary things
inity, in everything charity, and thea
hero need not be in everything uni
Never resenz a supposed injury until
rou know the views and motives of the
ithor of it. And on no occasion ro
Always take the part of an- absent
A man should live with his superiors
,s he does wIth his fire-Lot too near
est he burn; not too far off, lest he
It Is not enough to believe whait y ou
raintain; you must maintain what
Sou believe, and 'maintain it because
on believe it.
There is in Christianity light enough
or those who sincerely wish to see it,
nd darkness enough to confound
hose of an opposite disposition.
Only they who carry sincerity to the
igliest point, in whom there remains
lot a single hair's breadth of hyyocrisy,
an see the hidden springs of things.
It requires a great deal of boldness
nd a great deal of caution to make a
Preat fortune, and when you have got
t, it requIres ten times as much wit to
A weak mind sinks under prosperity
,s wvell ac under adversity. A strong
nind has two highest tides-when tihe
noon is at thle fuli and when there is no
It is much easier to meet with error
han to find truth. Error Is on the
urf ace; truth is hidden-in great depths,
aud the way to seek it does not appear
o ail thle world.
A superior capacity for busmness, and
Smore extensive knowledge, are steps
>ny which a newv mani often mounts to
*avor and outahines the rest of his eon
TIhe mind is nourished at a chieap rate.
~either cold nor heat nor age itself man
nterrupt thIs exercise. Gie, theore
ore, all you can to a possession which
imelorates even in its old age.
Whatever comes out of despair can.
iot benr the title of valor, which should
me lifted up to suci a height that, hold
ng all iLhings unmder itself, it should be
ible to maintain its greatness even in
he midst of miseries.
'The life of every man is as the well.
iprink of a stream, whosle sinall begin.
lings are indeed pain to all, but
whiose course and destination, as it
winc s through the expanses of infinite
r'eam', only tihe Omniscient cab discern.
Neith without 'works is like a bird
without wings; though she may hop
withl her colnpanions on earth, yet sile
will never fly with them to heaven ;
but when bos are joi ned together, then
doth the notl mount up to eternal rest.
Trho harp hola~ i its wires the posmi
bilities of noblest chords; yet, if they 1
be not struck, they must hang dull and
useless. So the mind is !~estedl with-a
hlundired powers, that must be. smitten -
by a hieavy hand to prove themselves , '
tile off'sprlhg of divinity.
When you speaIe 6til of another you
must le prepared to-haveoters speak
evil m you. TIhei'e is at Buddhist
p~roverb which says, "Re *hoindulges
in en~ty is like one who thro Ws ashes
to windward, which cornes baek to thme
sameplace anid covoe him all Over."3
They .who can catch -at happiness on
the bright surface of thing st -
they can secure it, such ae it i, wt
less risk and more cerr tal he
in h yceup pearl 44
In Abe d oI;'~ tame I~