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II-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., APRIL 6, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO. 42
Silver and gold, silver and gold!
Fqr the sun's dusk red in the western fold
Tolls that the end of a day draws nigh,
And the clouds they grow bolder along the sky.
Silver and gold, silver and gold
For the moon in the East is a queen to behold,
As she reigns with her spells o'er the calm,
Holding tremulous sceptre whore ghosts walk
Silver now-molten meets ebbing of gold,
On a wandering isle without a foothold;
A vessel alone on the lonely soas,
Stirred with the sigh of the fanciful breeze.
Moonbeams and sunbeams, silver and gold!
And they toyed with the bark as she idly
On the silent waters that shadowy grew,
And the night-gloom fell, and the stars stole
Silver and gold, silver and gold
And the sun that is wasted in cloudland cold
Throws a purple pal'o'elia woman's face.
Where death's colorles,e Oigers arb'bn1bothing
pain's trace. . . " . ..
Moonber.ams and sunbeams, silver and gold
The young is come in place of the old,
A seal set on lips that have said thel r last
And lips that no'er opened before are stirred.
Lights of earth, light of heaven, shower silver
Come aboard, the great ship is a traveler bold'
'fw light and moonlight, in soft mantle hide.=
One that 4anishes silently o'er the ship sil'de.
Silver and gold, silver and gold- -
The sun is lost in the wide aa-wold,
The vail falls over ihe mother's head,
On a journo now is the traveler-sped.
Silver and gold, silver and gold
'T'he waves, as if bells by the star rays knolled.
Ring qf deatji,-and of ghosts t,hat dance all. in
And the babe's cry breaks on the calm, sweet
Moonbrams and sunbeams, silver and gold;
A life is hidt on, .a life doth unfold;
One goeth hence tp a brightness afar,
One hath found the way hero by the light of a
How He Learnt His Lesson.
Oh, what liave' I done I - What have I
done I" exclaimed Nellie, under her breath,
as sad and dismayed she hurried up the
garden path. "He will never be kind to
me any .more. How could I have said such
a thing I"
And her hands trembled so that she could
scarcely lift the latch of the 91d fashioned
ddbr, and she turned away to ,qtiet librself
a little before going in.
Nellie glanced up at the rambling old
farm-house, "which had been her home for
many years. How she loved it I Every
nook and corner that it contained was dear
"I have it, and all in it, left to m1e," sle
said, in a soft, sad tone; "and dear father
and mother, too. A happy, happy home it
has always been, and I am thankfnl for it I
But, oh, Edward, how could you be so un
kind? Oh, how could you ?"
Site listened, fancying she could hear his
departing footsteps yet. And perhaps she
might have done so.
With lofty looks and disdainful curve of
his rathier thin lips, lhe was pnl his way
home along the winding lanes, He wvas a
man of five and .thirty, while pTe,11p was
scarcely twenty. She was simple and in
nocent as a child; but lhe had Jeavunt-tiany a
lesson in the school of life ore this. And
one lesson which Edward Melville prided
hiniseif en havinag learnt was the value of
money. lie was a bachelor, andl so he
made up his ind he would remain until lhe
could find a woman with money who ivouki
be his wife. He himself was a country
doctor, and, with a very smalil, and not in
creasing practice;, it would never do to
.marry and have nothing but that to depend
upon, lie told himself. -
He had geanerally escortedl Neille to her
own dloor, after their, mevni.ng. walks, .bui,
this evening lie had left her just outside the
gate. Ho was her aunt's step son. She
had known nuli aln i young Vfe. at d had;
always called himt dousin Edward, all uan
stispielous of thelfeelingi which was ;'gradu
* ally ,gs,thering strength, withini her. ,heaart,
tIll ti evening. And Edward, for lis part,
. had always treated her as a riere chlQ,
"You will go to meet Miss Basset, I sup
pose, Nehie t''ingqfjed haer mi4th4rz.
"Oh, yes, mqi Uor. EdwvidNwas g d
enough to say that he would drive me to
the station in his carriage, and he will drive
us both home, too. He says that a rich
young lady like Miss Basset will not care
to walk a mile along our lovely lane# Is
Perhaps t)iere was thte slgY%'s~~ '
tone of sarcasm In Netheo's vo for i
maothier glanced at huea'dIf n suir ise wit
with it goodI as up
fort to be. g
over. At ho
on his guard,
- Mis Basset was an old :schoolmiate of
wlctNellie called home.
The train steamed in. There was pret
ty Oracle Basset's face at a parlor-car win
dow; and in a few moments she was seated
in the carriage beside Edward, chattig to
and laughing with him as if she had known
him for years; and Nellie had taken the
And that was not the only drive they
had, nor the only evening they spent in
chatting and laughing.
Nellie, her father and mother-all three,
and many of the neighbors besides, soon
saw what it would come to. And Nellie
grew older and graver clay by (lay. But as
yet she kept her own secret, and she hoped
more and more that Edward had forgotten
her foolish, thoughtless words on a certain
moonlight night, now sonic seven or eight
At last the engagement was announced.
Oracle Basset had no friends to interfere
with her, and flattered with Edward's at
tentions, and really believing that she lov
ed him "qite enough for happiness," she
lItad agreed that. the marriage should take
l'lace as-soo as all needful arrangements
could be made.
l'he wedding was over. The honeymoon
was over also, and Mrs. Melville, richly
dressed, and looking very lovely, with Ed
ward as an attentive and devoted husband
beside her, was receiving her guests.
Nellie was among them. She was paler
than usual, and her free, happy, girlish
langh. wa gone for cyer. Yet she, too,
looked lovely this afternoon, in her pretty
blue silk dross and cottage bonnet, and
there was a beauty In the expression of her
gentle young face that went far beyond
any mere beauty of feature.
Only a few weeks passed. Nellie was
invited to dine with them. After dinner
they Were maving habbdt tholrawing-room,
and Gracle was exhibiting to Nellie some
choice bouquets of flowers which had been
sent to her that morning. They had all
been arranged on one table, in accordance
with a whim of the young wife, who de
clared that the the cilet of their richness
and color was lost when they were scatter
But Edward had not heard hor-say this.
"Let me put this blue vase here, Oracle,"
he unwittingly began, removing It, as he
spoke, to anot1 er table. There; it shows
to advantage now !"
Gracle, with heightened color, deliber
ately walked to the table, and put the vase
in its former position.
"It is quite out of the way, there 1" she
said stiffly, 'and this is where I wish It to
"How great a matter a little fire kind
leth I" Edward's color also rose, yet he
did not look angry.
"And I wish that it should stand here,"
he returned, once more taking up the vase;
and then lie added, half reproachfully, half.
playfully, "You pronised to obey me.
This proved to be only the beginning of
small discomforts and disagrcineits.
Many months passed, Oracle grew more
Imperious than ever; Edward's lace lost all
its brightness, and lie seemed day by day to
grow old, silent and sad.
' And'wh4n Nellie went to see th'em now
she found except Oracle expected visitors
she took very little pains with herself, re
marking sometimes to Nellie as they went
downstairs for' the evening.
"I have not dressed, Nellie. 0Of course
you don't mi:d, and thieres nobody else but
Nobody but Edward !
Love would have made him all the world
"I would wear my prettiest dresses for
miy husband, Gracle," she said. "As for
other people, they might go. What should
I care for them ?"
But Gracle, only frowned for rep)ly.
Oracle had a lIttle dlanghiter, hut instead
of rejoIcing i Fdwards's house, there was
bitter sorrow, gnd as the young husband
knelt by the bedside of his unconscious wife
lie felt all the old love for her filling his
But what will even the tenderest love
ayl in lloutra lice these? O racle's last mo
mofi 'g Werel.nahnered, and Ahe passed
away, leaving her little one to Nellhe.
And Edward, when the fhrst benuimbing
influehee of his grief was over,- sold his'
practice-he 1.id nuo need of, I now--and
went abroad. .
Elh.teen months passed away. A snai
an ar (d stoQd- at the gate of
ttl alri ut 1. A little toddlling crea
tare ran down the path, heH' air curls flying
in the wind. Trho stranger took lher ini his
"MKsyour name, little one? V?
lvie she told h,n, "Grp
c'he covered her little fpce
kisses. But who -is' this,
hle said and slid do~'
. oyl ing very rapidly tco $er
ads with her; then kq*pms
51 taken, he lcd herh1t'
hi me 'now, once more1
l~thh6 O~Mt1hat you love me better tihidi
any one else in the world---?"
Nelle. swlftjy covered his mouth withi
.hephljda)tW binIgg Ithiha14ye her'
afgitpEdaraydopfeno ,forgEtu'that I
eir o !" dh ~Ioq~
o 0M 4 e dH6)m g
Never mind Nellie's reply. Two months
from that day she became Edward's wife,
and he never had the smallest need to re
mind her that she had promised to obey
him, simply because she loved him, and to
do as he wished was'a pleasure.
And having at great risk and cost learn
ed his lesson, Edwird ft- ove to teach it to
others, and to more than one young man
he gave in confidence the advice: "If you
wish to be happy, narry only a wonan
that loves you. Neither money, nor poi
tion, nor anything else, can bear the least
comparison with love, which will outlive
The Awful Majety of the Law.
One of the oficials of Justice Alley, of
Detroit, was the other day called upon by
an old gray-headed farmer and his wife,
together with a neighbor, and outside the
door they hitched an old half-blind horse
whose cash value was reckoned at $25.
"You see," explained the old far.ner
"naybur Jones wants to buy the old hoss
out there, but he wants a bill o' sale nigned
by wife and I. We want you to draw up
one for us."
The Justice reached down one of the
printed blanks, filled it out, and thon said:
"Now you listen while I read this over
and see if it is all right. All ready now:
' 'now all men by these presents. That
"Presents! - Why, I'm not going to pre
sent himi with that hossl" interrupted the
'And we don't want any present from
him!" added the wife.
"That's all right-only a legal forni,"
exclaimed his Honor. Listen:
"County Wayne -first part---con
sideration---sum of $25-grant----bar
gain and sell party- second part
his executors, administrators-."
"I haven't got any executors or adnminis
trators!" interrupted neighbor Jones.
"No;. all lie's got is a wife and two girls!"
added the owner of the horse.
"All form-all mere form," explained
the justice, and :e went on:
"And assigns forever-covenant and
agi ce- defend the same--heirs, execu
tors and administrators--"
"William, I shall never sign no such
paper I" suddenly exclaimed the wife as
she rose np.
"Nor I, eitherl" stoutly replied the hus
band. "Why, I'd shake in my boots every
time I met a constable!"
"It is all mere form and according to
law," explained his Hloner. "All bills of
sale read this way."
"ILooks to me as if it was sort o' tangled
up," said neighbor Jones. "The old hose
is blind In one eye, and how can they war
"And what has this hoss-sale got to do
with his heirs and covenants?" inquiredL the
"I won't sign-I won't have a thing to
do with it!" exclaimed the wife, as she
walked around. "We've always kept clear
of the law, and we ain't going to get into
no scrape and lose our farm now--not if
we know it!"
The more the justice tried to explain the
bigger the words looked, and the trio finally
walked out. While they were unhitching
the horse along came a house-painter, and
when he had heard their story he picked up
a piece of paper in the alley, pulled out a
stub of a pencil, and wrote,
- "We hereby sell this horse to Joan Jones
for $25, cash down. We raised him from
a colt, and his name is Andrew Jackson.
The paper was signed, passed over with
the horse, and as the farmer received the
money he said:
"That's all there is to It, law or no law,
sad it didn't take two minutes. Why, I'd
have taken Andrew Jackson back home
and knocked himi In the head aforo I'd put
liy name to that paper binding us to keep
on covenanting and agreeing anid assigning
and administrating a whole lifetime on one
We are glad to see that attentioii is at last
being directed to the haste with which sup
posed corpses are being put on iee, and
huirriedl away to burial. Lhere is only one
trood that can result froml the celerity with
which people supp)osed to be (lead are ice
packed; it is, that should they not at tile
time be dead, they are certainly frozen to
death cre the mloment of interment. Hobr
rible as thii: is, it is much less horrible than
being buried alive.- It is thme general igno
rance of p)eople, and not, want .of proper
sensibility, that causes them to comply so
teadily with the usages of burying a body
withiinsthree days after death. .In this way,
where ice has not been abundantly supplied,
people who are believed by their friends to
be dead, bult whio bear upon them mioro
t:han one indieationi of lurking life,' are hur
rlied to the tomb. We do not call attention
to these probabllines fromi any dhesire t'o
awakeni a morbid sensation upon the sub
jept. We do not take the absurd ground
that out of all tihe people buried the lar-ger
proportiotiare buried alive. But we do as
egrt that it is not Impossible that a case of
th s kind somotim'es happens, simply be
cause -the relatives of the unfortunaloteca
turp ai'e too laagorant to detect the subtle
signs of 'a vitality that might be reawaken
At. the luyt opera ball. A young maii du
rheltletNANoqde is seated in a cbrner and
does not appear much more amused than
doesatheidominao who accompanies hhn. -A
bol (yqsbr-awer of ggntiQ heIht begins
% ~ofun at'h&ennuI[dd cp e,
VQ away,~ f bthii"m '' said the
gendeImIw,.tAyou are Alpsy, . gos and mind
r~ bu ess.".
!"eamed the brairler, "go to
grass./. andy I j6tt wrohid not dare to say
A crovd gathred arnd.
"See here," said the young man, without
noim.."yo r1pietty tilt, you believo
y6i lI'iiglit btiobg. .Vem'y well; there
Is one thing you can't do I'
"What! Itl-botr you a hunimdred franes I"
The young man drew off his boot, then a
slk stocking, and rested' a white fopt,opi
e s liibfpctce eactin he braWlo
bhe6ms uriglredj ahId then tried to
The heathen Chinee at Home.
There are some facts in regard to the re
sult of six or seven thotsand years of Chi
nese civilization. Just think of it. ''here
is not a road in all of tl broad expense of
populous China where e en a wheelbarrow
could be driven or a hortsT. led except around
Shanghai, Ad here the 1nglish have con
structed them. They ht ve no cemeteries;
no tombstones mark and honor their last
resting places on earth. Those who own
private gardens bury their dead and those
of their friends therein. Those who have
no gardens or plots of ground lay the bodies
of the dead in rough b%xes on the surface
of open lik4ds. The Chinese regard the
souls of their ancestry as links in the length
of a great chain which I hey say enables
them to reach up to the supreme source of
life and ruler of the universe. This is the
reason why these remarkably kd en, quick
witted peopte will not tolerate the con
struc+ion of a railroad win their country.
They declare that the locomotives and
rattling trains would cdttainly violate the
sacred charm miluencedin their behalf by
causing the abrupt scated iight of their
ancestry who are ever h Vering aronvd and
over them. They have' o banks in China,
and no coin of value ex ept our silver and
that of Mexico. They h11 e no lawyers, but
they have a perfect, rigity enforced system
of law and order; Th principals alone
can plead their eases. ', ic first, social rank
in China can only be attained by literary
merit. All Chinamen cn read and write,
because education is colt)ulsory. Every
man in China is free to, complete for a li
terary degree, and last year 107,000 candi
dates for this honor were entered at Canton
for examination. Those of this large
number who passed muster then are free
again to advance to the higher national
grade competition at Pekin, annually held
there, and when they pass this ordeal they
become Alandarins andi live in high estate
at the public expense. Vlo military man is
permitted to aspire to ItIese literary honor
in China. . This annual selections from the
whole Chinese people of its rulers, who re
presents its best thought and mental power,
has probably been the great and potent fac
tor of their remarkable, vitality and preser
vation as a nation, but at the eamo time it
Increases the wonder that they should have
stood still on the avenue of human progress
for thousands of years.
This city stands on the Heri River, on
the slope of the HIindoo Koosh, and conlse
quently in the northwest corner of Afghani
stan. Due north, at a distance of abont 230
miles, Is Mery ; due east, at a distance of
nearly 400 miles, is Cabul; considerably
to the southeast, and almost equi-distant
from Cabul and Herat, Is Candahar. If
our readers want a war map which will
convey a fair idea of the situation from a
strategical and political point of view, let
them suppose a capital -L mounted on top
of a capital V ; Mery Will be at the top of
the L, Herat at the anglo, and Cabul at the
horizontal extremity of the letter, while
Candahar will be down at the angle of the
V. CabuI-nay-be. -eliinated from the
situation, for thotigtithere are direct roads
between it i'nd Herat, the route by Malmana
to the north of the Iazarch mountains Is
circuitous and dillicult, and that through
the Hazarch country Is egnally roundabout
and more arduous. The main route, and,
so far as Is known, the only road by which
ma large force could be moved from Cabul
to Ilerat runs through Candahar. From
Candahar to IHerat is about three hundred
miles in a direct line; the road, however,
is not very direct, and for military purposes
the distance may be called 850 miles. The
road from Mery is so nearly straight as to
be less than 250 miles long ; It is a good
one, being even at its worst part, where it
crosses the Hazrat-i-Baba Pass about thirty
miles north of Herat, p)racticable for all arms
of the service, 1t traverses a fertile coun
try, alnd runs for a great part of its length
along tile valley of tihe river Kushk, so that,
supplies andl water are very abundant.
Whenever the race for Heorat beigins, If
there Is a fair start, the Russians should
get down tile perp)endicular of the L from
Mcrv before the English can get up the
thick side of the V from Candahmar. 'Thie
position occupIied by Hlerat on the high road
between India ami( Persia, the centre spot
of an extensive and fertile valley, well
watered by chi&nnels made fronl.A perennial
si.ream. marks her out -as the nafural garden
and granary of Central Asia. It is situated
in a plain about 2500 feet above the sea,
andl is fort,ified. with mud walls, presenting
tile form of a square, each side of whichl
is something under a ile in lenlgth. Tme
streets are ill-built, narrow and dirty ; in
dIeedi, the common saying of the place is,
"'If dirt were to kill, where wvouldl we be?''
"Only nman Is vile" at Hecrat,, however, for
niatture has do.ne everything for the city andl
its enviroiis. The climate is tile finest in
Asiai; only t,wo mionthIs of the twelve arc
hlot, andi even then tile mercury rarely rises
al'oyo 85 degs. in the shade. 'Thle nights
are always cool, ofteni cold. '[Te Hermats
have a proverb. "if the soil of Ispaai,
the cool breezes of Herat and the1 waiters
of Khlwarizin were In the same place there
wvould be no0 such1 tiling as death.'' The
waters of the lIe(ri,-Conolly deCscribedl in
1831 as the bes.t lie ever tastcd, and the
fruits as the niost dleleiouis in flavor. Peo
pie cnter time gardens and1( etst at will, being
weighed as they pass in and . out and,
chiargedi for the avoIrdupois gainled; a sann
pie systemn, which that, sane wag. Nasir Ed
dmii once (efied by filling Is pockets with
pebbles and casting out ballast as lie took in
ladin1g, so0 as to b)ring tlle sitonished( pro
prietor into his debt. 'rie -4011 is extrabr
diinily fertile, and .the orchards,.gard'ns,
corn-fields and vineyairds stretch to tihe
mountains, four iles away on the north and
twelve on the south, and,along 4lie valley as
far as tle eye can reach.i Ttaere are: extOfl
slve mines of, iron and .leoad, only.worked
at the surface, amid the schjnitors of iIerAt"
are as famous In Central Asila.as its horses.
Silk is spun there largely,.and, carpets of
Wvool andi silk are:Aahutaq$pred. The
ot,her articles of export are mflafna, assafte
tida, guml, saffroni and4...pistachio nuts.
Half a century ago it paid an apmnuaj reve
nue of $450,000, ..9g( 14I.1esoji .declares
that isnder l3ritisirrgle .theecompo to the
Governmnent f!onw th9 4l.srt,qtwoulgi sqfii'co
to pay the expenses 9fgarrisp$#ng.the pt;ip-I
cipal ldeos. 9f ;Afg aigtts.1 Foster, WyhoI
vis4heddierM i1 17 de$yr sed tlweci$y,as
far purpassing CandahE lhj,tlAq extent,1 of
it. 4uaets and the.yoIlh ofa its trdo
sIjti; .lio spent mphlq,n. (~s.
g.u i1 i0, is as p i is
p)rais 'o deightfusUaoa, Lkj4n.J
ness and phenQgie fettIIt a
* o~ *% yf1(T ('i '~~, t
of inhabitants is believed to be something
under 40,000, though the encyclopudias
call it "about 50,000.'" Herat, however,
is only a shadow of its old splendid self.
Its origih and early history are unknown or
little known. ''here was a town there be
fore Alexander, and the modern city stands
on the site of one of the four cities of Arri
au's "Aria"--Artakoana, Aria Metropolis,
Candace and Sousia Akhala. The Persian
chronicles not so very much later speak of
Ilerl. the capital of Aria, as a place of conl
siderable Inportance. in I157 the 'Turco
mans captured and sacked and probably
destroyed it, yet, when in 12:32 Uenghsi
Khan took it after a siege of six months,
it was a city of 12,000 shops, 350 schools,
1-14,000 ocupied dwellings, and 6000 baths,
.caravanserais and water-mills. Of the in
hatitants, 100,000 are said to have been
slaughtered at this sec:nd sack. In 1:198,
Airan iShah, and in 1417, Jelhan Shah,
smote it severely, and twice in the sixteenth
century it was attacked by the Usbecks.
who were once biaten back alter a siege of
eighteen niontis, and once succeeded in
capturing and pillaging the city. When
the Persians soon afterwards took the city,
which they had always claimed as one of
the four royal plhces of the Khorassan, it
was "not only the richest city in Central
Asia, but the resort of the greatest divines;
philosophers, poets and historians oft the
A fui'on, am lu lO 4)211.
A very interesting account is given of
the cerenonials observed by the Tabu
people, Africa, in greeting one another. A
most elaborate perfornmancu is gone through
when two strangers meet in this wild coun
try. Each of the performers covers all his
face but his eyes with this turban, seizes
his spear and throwing-iron (a curious
bowering-like weapon with a long projeut
ing prong on the concave margin), and
thus prepared, the two appitoch one an
other. At a distance of about six steps
from one another they squat on their heels
with spear upright in one hand and iron
il the other. '1he one then asks "Iow do
you do ?" about a dozen times by means of
four dif'erent words having that meaning
used alternately, the reply being varied of
the use of two words Laha, or Killala.
Then one of the two loudly sings the word
"ihilla," which is returned by the other in
a similar tone. Tle word is exchanged
again and again, being commenced in a
loud high pitched note anl gradually run
(town the scale until It reaches a low bass
murmur. When it has become so glow as
scarcely to be heard, on a sudden it is
shouted again in high key and the gamut
is run through as before. '1htis goes on a
very long while, the performers going
through it as a strict matter of ceremony,
and taking no interest In one another all
the while, but looking round at the horizon
or elsewhere during their vocal exertions.
After a while various forms of the question
"How are you ?" and the answer "Well,"
are introduced ; at last questions or other
topics are brought. forward, although now
and again the "ihilla" bursts out in the
inid'at of them, but the series of notes in
which it, is shouted becomes shorter and
shorter. At last the ihilla is got rid of al
together, and ordinary conversation be
comes possible. Strangers do not shake
hands, but acqualntances do. The cover
ing of the face when greeting or meeting
strangers is considered as a most important
matter of etiquette.
Vaterspouts on the sonild.
Two fishermen of Greenport, L. I., de
scribe an extraordinary phenomenon which
they witnessed while on the Sound shore,
opposite that village, on a recent afternoon.
Their attention was first attracted by what
seemed to be an unusual disturbance on the
surface of the water, directly under a heavy
cloud coining from windward, the wind
blowing heavily from the northwest and a
heavy surf rolling. The tops of the wvaves
assumed the spiral ascending motion pecu
liar to waterspouts, which Increased until
the elevation was upward of fifty feet be
fore the water took the cloud form. This
was soon followed by a second, about a
mile of! shore, similar to the first, but con
siderably larger, Its height, judging from
the angle of elevation being nearly a thou
sand feet. Thle top of this also resolved
into a fog or mIst dliretly under the cloud.
Then, at a distance of about, four miles, a
third one was plainly discernible, which
seemed to meet the sky at the rear of the
cloud, and which must have covered an
area of several acres. All three of these
sp)outs wecre moving with the wind, andl the
first or smallest one subsided to the wvater
level only a few rods from the beach. I i.
mediately thaere was a sharp dash of rain,
followed by a hail squall as the distulrbing
cloud passed over, and when this subsided,
so that a view of the Mound couild be ob
iined1, the wvaterspouts had disappeared.
So far as knowni, these were the only water
spiouts ever seen in thme Mound.
Not, Ptlue4 Fireworfts,
In' Indiia I he husbhamahnan, being averse
to toil ''that 'asks tough sinews," prefers to
tick(le the surface of lils fields with a stick
inistead of p)lowinlg them. To convince him
of his error, an English plo0w was once im
ported b)y ani enthusaiastic ofllcial, and a
mumber of the cultivators of the neIghbor
hood were invited to witness the great deeds
of the new~ impllemnent. B3ullocks were so
lemnly attached to it and urged to procee.d.
Trhey refused, of course, and so moie.and
more wvere add(ed, until at last the plow be.
gani to move ; but whether from the inexp)e
rience of the plowman or the conduct of
t,he byillocks, or both combined, in such er
ratic fashion that the nozzle was one in--I
stant plunged (deep into the ground aind in
the .next, jerked up violently, sending
showvers of earth Int,o the air ; and t,he ox.
hlbition was finally brought to a premature
conclusion..by two of the bullocks joining
In a single combat. TJhe peasants assem
bled were very much impressed by the be
,ayior of the plow as a plow, but confided
to t#uemr entertainer before leaving that they
'did not think mutch of it-as fireworks.
. 4 tranigpr went Into a eigar.stora In CIn
eingna i and asked for a cIgar. 'Mrs. Meyer
set a box of the weed on the show-case.
"Where. p Mr. Meyer ?" inquired, the~
en ilger se he'sortod over the,eiggys,
'Aroes the qtreet,"~ was theoreply.!
"Adare, yop jef$ alone to lieep shop 1
- A . .onl$p ,p4Ie hh
- njtf*/ Who14~ 'ii~'
In Oil City recently a small number of
persons witnessed the strange sight of about
a quarter of a mile of railroad moving ra
pidl' from its bed, evidently paying no at
tention whatever to the injunction to take
up Its bed whet started on a journey. It
may be en ordinary occurrence for a rail
road to start on a journey on its own hook,
but if so it is not recorded. The Incline
road, which is a quarter of a mile in length,
is being taken up, preparatory to remove to
l1'antqua. The track was a double one-I.
e., four rails extended from the base to the
sunmlt. ''he single rails were fastened to
gether in st.ch a manner that each of the
tour was continiois. The workmen had a
teim of horses with which the string of
rails was pulled down hill. After pulling
it down a few yards they would remove
three or four rails and then repeat. '1'hoy
only repeated twice. 'T'lie stri' of rails
weighed between liv-"- aid six tons. The
ground along the roadway was frozen, the
ties were covered with ice and everything
was propitious for a sleigh ride, and the
string of rails commenced sliding. The
forenost rail-the one which had the lead,
had been crooked like it sled-runner by last.
sunn,er's sun. It led off beautifully, ap
parently caring not a continental where it
went. When it roached the foot of the
declivity it. did not pauso in its mad career,
but plunged across the street, extricating
itself from the horses, and partially de
molishing the harness in a little less than
no time ; entered the side of Mrs. C'ase's
barn, near the lloor, pranced through the
barn like a streak of greased lighting, inadoe
kindling-wood of a small outhouse aljoin
ing, struck as stone wall back of V. James'
kitchen, and finding it impregnable, raised
itself to somethinghigher and better, struck
the chimney of V. James' house, knocking
about ten feet therefrom: thence passed
onward and upward, reno\..ug shingles and
a portion of the chimney on the three-story
house occupied by ). Lindersmith, and
finally rested with about flifty feet of the
iron rail extending heavenward from the
roof of liindersmith's house. The striking
of the stone wall near the kitchen of
James' hotel was a fortunale occurance,
as its doing so prevented it from entering
ttie kitchen, where girls were working at
the time, and would doubtless have been
injured. The thing might have c.mtinued
on its mud carrer up Tunnel hill until this
time, had not the line parted near where
the horses were. The force with which
the ati ing was moving may be realized from
tfie fact that when it broke a portion of one
of the rails was thrown about a hundred
yards. Very fortunately no person was in
jured, the horses were not badly hurt,
and the damage of property was not ex
It is not to be imagined that these farms
of the Boers are In any way comp+trable to
what we understand In the ordinary appli
dation of the tern. They are simply huge
tracts of country, containing 6000 acres or
more, with nothing but a small beacon of
'pilled up atnit aW. ort.al,n points to mark
the line of boundary. In proportion to the
amount of land held by each proprietor,
there Is a very small piece under cultiva
tion-at the most ten or twenty acres, and,
in the majority of cases, two or three or
none at all. The original method of iea
suring these "runs" was somewhat prini
tive. 8tarting from the last-made beacon,
a Boer would ride in a straight line for half ]
an hour as fast as his horse could carry hum,
then halt, erect a beacon, and again ride (
away for half an hour in a direction at
right angles to his first ride, and erect an- I
other. The rectangle made by these two
lines of ride would contain his farm, so by
this method the Boer who had the fleetest
horse obtained thr largest tract of land.
Within the last few years science, however,
has been brought to bear on the subject,
and farms are now measured by the theo-I
dolite. The introduction of these instru
ments has caused a great many disputes.
Farima the boundaries of which were be
lieved to lie perfectly (defined were dls- 1
covered to overlap one another to a seriousi
extent, and asthis is the ease all through
the countfty, the land surveyors are having
a prett,y good tine of It.
Are Wo to Lose Niagara Falls?
Those wvho want to see the Horseshoe
Falls of Niagara must, I fancy, come out
soon, or' they wil)l not be able to form an
idea of what it was, for I think it is going1
to change Its formi more quickly than it has
for a century past. Already a great change
has taken place in its appearance. A bout1
t wo years ago the shoe was rent in twain,
and a vast rent made in the toe of the cllff]
over which the great river falls. The con
sequence Is that Instead of driving straight
down a circular wall of water, the course
of the column Is rudely broken In the mid
dlIe, and a foaming torrent collapses in a]
jaggedl gor-ge of the cliff, thtus splitting the
catscaide into t wo sides of a horseshoe, with
a cataaact in the center. Much more mist,
too, is produced by the cataract than was]
formierly occiasionedl by the slheer fall of the
horseshoe, and the view of the falls cense- a
quontly obscured. The river might have1
fallen for centuries over this solid- weir of I
hardest seist; but a fissure having been <
madle In nature's masonry, It Is not un- 1
likely that the river wvill continue Its exca-1
vation, begun near Lake Ontario, and( (do
Its wvor-k more qtuickly thtan of late. Now
that a breach has been made in the for.
tress, It seems certain that the volumo of
water, acting as a perpectual battering ram
on the wall or' cachi side of it, would soon
dletachi other portions of them, and thus
alter the whloefc-m and, chuaracter of the
famuous Hforsehoe Fails.
In Beoa-oh of a Wife.
. A gentleman in search of a wife consults
a matirhuonlal agency.
"Wo have juist the article-the angel, I
should say - that you want," says the
Manager, rubbing his hand ; "widow lady
of 28, httsband (aged 68) died thu-teen
months ago,. durhig the hooneyhtoon ;
large fortune invested In bonds nd 'stocks;
charming Iloman ;. acconiplshed: her only
fault, perhasps, Is thie severity of her m~'ral
nattire, but then having been brought up In
The gentllematn marries her oft-hand and1
discovers thia,t all thesO ereps.ntpions are
atrietly. habue. Furlolis'hehle& to the
inatrinional~ ag9ncy and" reproaelhes the
agent with his deceptiop. -
"You told ap4" he erle "that she was
tie'e' 'iiot ~ thM4she would1
"Ylou a4 th &ti.ag~t
The Hyacinth is a universal favorite in
the most extended application of the word.
The number of its varieties is now fully
equal to that of any other florist's flower.
They are not only desirable for planting in
beds In the flower-garden, but for forcing
into flower in the dull, cheerless months of
winter and early spring, when their bright
colored blossoms and rich fragrance lend a
charm not otherwise to be found. For
growing in the conservatory or drawingroon
the bulbs should be potted, as early ,as they
can be obtained, in small pots of rich, light
earth, and placed in a cold-frame, or some
protected place in the garden where they
may be secure from heavy rains, cover them
with at least one foot of newly-fallen leaves
and being once well watered soon after be
ing potted, they may remain for a month
at least, to form their roots, when they may
be secure from heavy rains; cover them
with atleas; one footof nearly fallen leaves,
and being once well watered soon after be.
ing potted, they may remain for a month
it least, to form their roots, when they may
be uncovered, and the most forward
brought out and repotted into large pots,
and pliced in a moderately warm room.
y'he size of the pot will depend mnch upon
the size of the bulb; as a rule, the first pott
ing should be in four and the second six
inch pots. Some care is necessary in the
Application and increase of heat, or the
lowers will be abortive. For the first
.hreo weeks it should not be above fifty do
recs at any time of the day; after that the
teat may be increased to whatever degree
,s desirable in the room where they are to
bloom. Water should be slightly warm
vlen applied, and given in proportion to
he development of foliage and flower; in
1o case should the earth in the pots become
by, neither soddened, an excess of water
ieing as injurious as drought. Hyacinths
mucceed best in a humid atmosphere, which
1s not easily obtained in the drawing-room;
and they are particularly sensitive to cold
.lraughts of air, which may and should be
iv:uided. Hyacinth in glasses are an ele
rant and appropriate ornament to the draw
ng-room, and for this purpose occasion
ut little trouble. To those contemplating
hese interesting branches of floriculture,
ve make the following suggestions: L If
rou choose your own bulbs, pay more at
ention to weight than size, and be sure
hat the bulb) Is sound at the base as well as
it the top. 2. Use the single kinds only,
)ecause they are earlier, more hardy, and
is a rule perfect 'their flow'ers in water
etter than the double varieties. 3. Use
ain or soft spring water. 4. Set the
ulb in the glass so that the lower end is
lmost but not quite in contact with the
vater. 5I. When the bulb is placed, put
lie glass in a cool, dark closet, or any con
renient place where light is excluded, there
,o remain for about six weeks, or until the
oots fill the glass; which they will do
iooner than in the light, as they feed more
reely in the dark. 6. Fill up the glasses
with water as the level sinks by the feeding
>f the roots or by evaporation, 7. It is
tot necessary to change the water, if a few
?ieces of charcoal are placed in the 1 bottom
f the glasses. 9. When ta4 roots are
reely developed, and the flower-spike is
ushing life, remove by degrees to full light
Tide in uinems.
Checks or drafts must be presented for
)aynient without unreasonable dela. ?
Checks or drafts should be piegented
luring businest hours; but in this Oountryi
ixcept in the case of banks, the time ex
ends through the day and evening.
If the drawee of a check or draft has
hianged his residence, the holder ihbst use
ue or reasonable diligence to find him.
If one who holds a check, as payee or
therwise, transfars It to another, he has
right to insist that the check be' presented
hat day, or, at the farthest, on the day
A note indorsed in blank (the name of
he ladorser only written) isI tranpferable
>y delivery, the same as If payable to
If tihe time of payment of a note' ia not
nserted, it is held payable on demand.
The time of payment of a note must de
>endi upon a contingency. The. prondse
mtsit be absolute.
A bill may be written upon ainy yaper, or
ubstitute for it, either with ink or peacil.
The payee should be distinctly. famed in
-he note, unless it Is psiyable t9 beater.
An indorsmee has a right of action against
ill whose names weore on the bill When lhe
eceived it. '
If the letter containing a protest of non..
ayment be put in the postofIlee, aniy mis.
~arriage does not affect the party givIng
liotice or protest mnay be sent cther to
lie p)lace of business or to residence of the
Thue holder~ of a note may give nQtice of
>rotest either to all the previous: indorsers
>r only to one of them; in case of the latter
1o must select the'last indoiser, and ih
ast must give notice to the last before hin4
and so on. Each indorser must send potiee
o the last before him, and so on,' 1acha
udorser must 5send notice the samup or thie
lay following. Neither Bunday xibr legql Y
aoliday is to be counited in reekbning the
line in which notIce Is to be gaveii.
Th'le loss of a bill or note is not .sufficient
ixeuse for not giving notice of protest.
If two or more persons, as part 'ers, are
olntly lIable on a note or bill, dues ?otice to
me of them is sufficient.
Cod .Liver Ol Ln Disease.
The fish from which the oil. thua namied'
s obtained is sai by the Pritish Pharma- I
~opceIa to be Gadus miorrhii ,Lin.) but int
lie United States Phai it it Is said,
with stricter accuracy, to he derived from >
list fish "and 'oths)- species ef (ladus.
L'he following are then ei of $~hffoni
which the oil is obtaintd they dsh the
scalflssh,,the'turbot, the asi d* doe
rime chomical, substatice[whI1Ilel lv'r
>i1 is found to coptaint are narge, sta e
mad cetyhle acids, all of. wielk aNewit
alds; ee aci and voail c ,waih(
mre liquids, glycerine ad ' inatp
mid gadume. TIheao are 1uvatek cy
,ive proportions I~ wliihtils t.
>ll, Beshlee those bodIe i
utd p "oshoren T do1
einx - lia