ET)ITION . . _.. _. _ _.. hG++u __::. at __ir __ltaronewrmMr
____-w 1 EDTONW INNSRIO1U), S., C.X, AP~RIL, 10. 1880.VO.I-N 4.
THE SUGAR MAPIAS.
Along the vale a:d o'rr hilt
I see a blue ai susoky haze;
Ti.o afternoous are warus aud 1till,
And presa. o longer, warm r day,.
'he bluejay, on the aunauh b.sugh,
I soreamin, with discordant, note;
'Tl.o p:. wte-bird aioustt -t now
The longing heurt with trewbling throat.
The hills are peeping through the snow,
And busied fences gloat the view;
O bare, brou knola, squaw-boesc glow,
Or tiny ason-lo-wurs filaunt in bluo.
TIe fr<h t.ow eartis now sc0-nts the gale
An, r.ning from her seu:oi.re,
hihu casta a.,Ido hI r snowy veil
And groeta htr traisn. who wait fJr hur.
Now at ands the drowsy teutu usluL-p
Bsefore tijo bucket-la-tc n alo:gh,
Wh.lu sinks the cruel steol full deep
To draw the or)stal sap away ;
TIohe ateat,y drip irotn wooden lip
Mukes mste in the soft slarsng air,
Aid seon the laden buckets tip
And was;o tho nectarrrich uni rare.
Anon the puigt lit ,stokc-wreathss rise
Around the kettle's tossing surge
a liale youths aittend the aainilco,
And h gh the ilaines uith taggotr urge.
Alt I trat.snut.tios wonurous aweet!
'7Tuut steals the bloot of bare brown trees,
An d in the craelling ilaines and heat
Alas power thono golden grains to seizo I
0 vauished youth 1 0 balmy days I
'1bo odors ise of early flowers.
I ee again through snoky haze
.1 lie pituro of those itstisn3 hours;
I hoar agaiu tito w.lid nl o
Of boys long rillent isa the tomb
lhe fitful casp-tse brings to view
Udad faces fron tioguier gloow.
They toll of an eternal ' pring
Forever briht. with apr,tagiits lowers,
Where morning is an es.dles4 ring,
leistenue knowns not psasing hours.
It ray Lo that the li,mu of strife
Have atoted It r us some sweets away ;
Or, fioze"n dr.Jts of eatthly lite
May s ield fcr us a brigl.tor . ay.
How Douglass Cured His Wife.
MIy young friend, Cora Lee, was a gay,
dashing girl, loud o; dress, and looking al.
ways as if, to use a common saying, just
out. of at hand-box. Cora was a belle, of
course, and had manny admirers. Amiong
the number was a young man named Ed,
ward ouglass, who was the very "pink"
of nentnes;s in sll n imtters pertaining to
dress, and exceedingly particular In his
observaace of the little proprieties of life.
I sa.uv from the first that if )ouglass ire.s
sel his suit, Cora'8 heart wouil be an sasy
onqutest - and so it proved.
'llow athirably they are fittet for each
other !'' I remarked to ily wife on the night
of the wedding. "Their tastes are similar.
and their habits so much alike, that no vio
lence will.be done to tlhe feelings of either
in the more intimate associations that mar
ringe brings. Both are neat in person and
orderly by instinetg, and both have good
"'roml all present appearsanlces, the
match will he a good one,'' replied my
"There was, I thought, somnething like
reservation in his tone.
"Do you really think so?'' I said, i little
ironically; for Mr. Smith's approval of the
marriage was hardly warm enongh to suit.
"Ol! certainly. Why not.?" he replied.
I felt. a little fretted at my husband's
mode of speaking, sut. made no further
remark on the subject. Hle is never very
enthusiastic nor sanguine ! and did not
smean, in this instance, to (doublt the fitness
of the partics for happi-nss isn the married
state, as I half Imagisned. For myself, .1
warmiy approved smy frilend's choice, asnd
callced her husbansd a luscky fellow to secure
for his comupanlosn through li fe a womnan nio
-admirably fitted to maske one like lhinm happy.
But a visst which I psild Cora one day,
about six weeks sifter the honeymoon had
expired, lessned my enthsusisism on the
subject, 01adaoke sonme un pleasnt doubts.
It happened tha;t I catlled soonl after break
fast. Cora met mue int the parlor, lookisng
like a very fright. She wiore a soiled and
rumapled morning wrappler, her hair was int
papers, andi( she hadu on dirty stockisngs
and a pair, of old shsppers dlowni at the
'Bless sue, C'oraP" I saidi, "vhitt Is te
matter? i ave y.ui beesn ill 1".
"'No. Why dho yous atsk ? Is my dishis
bille on the extreme ?"
-''Candidly, I think it is, Corn," wa;s smy
"Oh ! well, no matter," she carelessly
replied, ''my fortunsse's made."
"I don't clearly usnderstand you," I Raid.
"I'm marrIed. yotu knsow."
"Yes I am awvare of thtt fact."
"No need of being so part,icular in dress
now; for didn't I just, say, ' replied Cora,
"that smy fortune's m;adIe?
I've got a husband."
Beneath an air or jestinig was apparant
and real earnestness of my friendl.
"'You dressed with a careful regard asnd
nieatness in order to in Edward's love,"~
"Certainly I did."
"'And should you not (10 the sasmo in
order to retain iLt"
"WVhy, Mrs. Ssmith, do y'ou thisnk my
husbasnd's affection goes no (deeper than my
dress ? I shouitj be very sorry indeed to
think that, iIe loves mue for myself."
"No d.osbt of tha~t in the wvorld, Corat;
buit rememnlier that we cannsot see what is
* isn your mnind, except by what you (10 or
say. If he admires oumr dress, it is slot
from any aibstract appreciatIon of It, but
* becattse the taste muanifeats itselt' in whlat
yous (1o; and dependt upon it, he will find
It a very hard msatter to approve andi( ad.
mire yousr correct taste Iu dress, for Isn
stanice, whe~n you appm~ear before hims day
after day in your present unattractive at
tire. . If you do ssot dIress well for your
husband's eyes, for whose eyes, pray, do
yett dress?' You are as neat; when atirgad
as youi were before your marriage."
"AS to that, Mrs. Smltth, commhloni de
cency requires meo to dresa well whien'1. go
oust into company; to say notinsg of theo
pride one naturally feels in looking wvell."
"And does not the same commen -decen
cy and naturally prideo argue strongly In
favor of your dressIng well at home andi
for the oe eof 7ypt# f lisband .whusc appro.
vaa and 4hose ad trtio& ntmdstl be dearer
to you than the agpval and.admiration of
the whole world ?
"But he doesn't want to see me rigged
out in silks and satin all the time. A pretty
bill my dressmaker would have against him
In that event I Edward has more sense
than that, I flatter myself."
"Street or ball-room attire is one thing.
Cora, and becominig hones apparel another.
Wo look for both in their places."
Thus I urgued with the thoughtless young
wife, but my words made no impression.
When abroad, she dressed with exquivite
taste, and was lovely to look upon ; but a.
home she was careless and slovenly, and
made it almost impossible for those who
saw htr to believe that she was the brilliant
beauty they had met in company but a
short time before.
But even this did not last long. I no
ticed after a few months, that the habits of
home were not only confirming themselves,
but becoming apparent abroad. " ier for
tune was made," and w,hy should she not
waste time or employ her thoughts about.
matters of personal appearance ?
The habits of Mr. Douglass on the con
trary (id not change. le was as orderly
as before, and dressed with the same re
gard to neatness.. le never appeared at
the breakfast table in the morning without
being shaved, nor did he lounge about in
the evening in his shirt sleeves. The slo
venly habits into which Cora had fallen, an
noyed hi seriously, and still more so when
her carelessness about her appearance began
to manifest itself abroad as well as at home.
When he hinted anything on the subject,
she did not hesitate to reply, in a jesting
manner, that "her fortune was made," site
need not trouble herself any longer about
how she looked.
Douglass did not feel very much com
plimented, but as he had his share of good
sense, he saw that to assume a (old and
Offended manner would do no good.
"'If your fortune is iaae, so is mine,"
he replied on one occasion, quite coolly and
indifferently. Next morning he made his
appearance at the bieakfast table with a
beard of twenty-ftur hours' growth.
"You haven't shaved this morning.
doar," sail Cora. to whose eyes the dirty
looking face of her husband was particu
"No," lie replied carelessly. "It. is a
serious trouble to shave every day."
"But you look much better with a clean
ly shaved face."
"Looks are nothing---ease and comfort
everything," Paid )ouglass.
"'But common decency, Edward."
"I see nothing indecent In a long beard,"
replied the husba id.
Still Cora argued, but in vain. Ier liu
band went off to his busmess with his tun
"I don't know whether to shuveor not,"
said Douglass, running over his rough face,
upon which wasI a beard of forty-eight
lis wife had hastily thrown on a wrap..
per, and with slip-shod feet and head like
a mop, was lounging in a rocking chair,
awaiting the breakfast bell.
"For mercy's sake, Edward. don't go
any longer with that shockingly dirty face."
spoke up Cora. "If you knew bow. dread
fully you looked I" ,
"fLooks are nothing," replied Edward,
stroking his beard.
"Why, what's come over -you till at
"Nothing ; only It's such a trouble I
shave every day."
"But you didn't shave yesterday."
"I know 1 am just as well oi to-day as
if'I had. So much saved at any rate."
But Cora urged the matter, and her
husband finally yielded, and mowed down
the luxuriant growth of beard.
''I low much better you do look I" said
the young wife. "Now, don't go another
day v.ithout shaving."
''But why should I take so much trouble
about my mere looks? I'm just as good
with a long beard as wvithi a short one. It's
a great dleat of trouble to shave every clay.
You can love mae just as well; and why
need I care what others say or think ?"
On the following morning Douglass
alppeared1, not only with a long h)eard,
but with a shirt front amid collar that were
both soiled and crumpled.
"Why, Edward, how you do look ?"
said Cora. "You have neithter shaved nor
put on a clean shirt."
Edward stroked his face, and ran his
fingers along the edge of his collar, remark
ing inuditerently, as he did so.
"It is no matter ; I look well enough.
This being so very p)articular in dress is
waste of time, andl I am getting tired of it."
And in this trIm Douglass wvent off to
hIs business, much to time annoyance of hIs
wife, who could not bear to see her husband
looking so slovenly.
Gradually the declenslon from neatness
wvent on, until Edward was quite a match
for his wife, and yet, strange to say, Cora
had1( not taken the hint, broad as it was.
1n her own person she was as untidy as
About sIx months after -their marriage
we hiivlted a few friends to speiid a social
evening with us, Cora anfi her husband
among the nutmber. Cora came alone,
quite early, andj said that her husband was
very much engaged, and could not come
until after tea.
My young friend had not taken much
pains with her attire. Indeed, her appear
anice mortified me, as it contrasted so de
cidedly with that of the other'ladles who
were present, anid I could not help1 suig
gosting to her- that she was wrong in being
so indIfferent about her dress. But she
laughingly replied to.me:,
"You know my fortune's made now,
Mrs. Smith. I can afford to be negligent;
in these matters. It is a great waste of
timie to dress so mouch."
I tried to argue against thIs, butt cotild
make no impression upon her.
About an hour after tea, while we Wcerb
all engaged ini pleasant conversation; tho
door of time parlor opened and in walked
Mr. Douglass. A t the first glance I thought
I must be mnistskon. But no, It was Ediward
himself. Bhut what a figure he did cut.
HIis uncombed hair was standing up in stiff
spikes in a hundred dIfferent directions;
his face could not have felt the touch of a
razor for two or three days, -and lie was
guIltless of clean linen for the samne length
of tIme, is vest was soled,, hIs boots
ublacked, and there was an unumistakable
hole in one of his olbow.
"Why, Edward?" exclaImed his wife,
with a look of mortIication and distress.
as-her-husband came across the room with
a Inco in Which no conscIousness of the
fIgure lie cut could be detected.
" Why, ty d~a follow, what is the mat
ter?9" said hin huisband, frankly for he
perceived that the latlies wore beginning to
titter, and that the ganemenWdre looking
at each otter and trying to repress
their risible tendencies, and there
fore deemed it best to throw off all reserve
upon the subject.'
'"The mattei ? Nothing's the matter,
1 believe. Why (10 you ask ?"
Douglass looked grave.
''Well may he ask what is the matter,"
broke In Cora, energeticallv. 'low
could you come here in such a plight ?'
"Ili such a plight '' and Edward looked
down at hinself, felt his beard, and run
his fingers throulgh his hair. ''What is the
matter? Is anything wrong?"
"You look as if you had just waked up
from a nap of it week With your clothes
on, and came off withlit wasthing .your
face or c(umbin g your hair,"' said my hus.
"Oh!" and Ed ward's countenan'se bright
ened a little. ' 'hen he said, with much
gravity of manner,'' I have been extremely
hurried of late, and only left business a few
minutes ago. I hardly thought it worth
while to -io hone 'o dress ; I knew who we
all were (and lie glanced with a look not to .
be mistaken towitd his wife) I do not feel
called upon to uive as much attention to
merc dress as formerly. Before I was mar
ried It was necessary to he mose particular
in these matters, but, now it is of n) conse
1 turned toward Cora. I [cr face was
crimson. In a few moments she arose mid
went quickly fromi the rcom. I followed
her, and Edward came after ins pretty soon.
lie found his wife in tears, and subbing al
"I've got a carriage at the door," he
said to me aside, halt laughing, half serious
--"So help her on with her things, anid
we'll retire in disorder."
"But it's too had of you, Mr. )outglaas,"
"Forgive me for miking your house the
scene of this lesson," he whispered. "It
had to be given, and [ thought 1 could ven
ture to trespatss upon your forbearance."
"I'll think about that," said 1, in return.
In a few minutes Cora and her husband t
retired, and in spite of the good breeding
and every.t.hing else, we all had a hearty
laugh over the matter on my return to the
parlor, where I explained the curious little
scene that had just occurred. t
How Cora and her husband settled the
affair between themselves, 1 never inuired.
But one thing is certain, I never saw her
in a slovenly dress afterward, at. hoim,e or
abr-!ad. She was cnred.
Iltdweenl Life ut T)eatih.
Not long ago Louis Bland'ng, )no of the
best know n mining experts on the coast,
passed through Nevada city on his way
from San Francisco to examine the Santa
Anita quart z-mine, which is situated near
Washir'glon. Recently he returned, having
accomplished his object. ltis expierlences
on t he trip were of an interesting nature,and
it is by mele chance that. he was enabled to
live to relate them. After a tedious journey
through the snow, he reached the home of
one of the owners of the claim, and to
gether they forced their way for three
miles farther to the mine. Lightning
candles, they entered the miine, which has
been pushed toward the heart of the moun
tain .a distance of 1:30 feet. Twenty-five
feet from the head of it they came to a
winzo fifty-six feet deep. Over this wieze
is a windlass. Mr. Bhnding examined it
carefully, and, observirg no weak spots in
its const ruction, had his companion let hini
to the bottom. lie inspected the ledge.
male measurements, secured a sack of spc
cimens, and, putting one foot in the hight
of the rope, shouted to the man above to
hoist away. After ascending thirty feet
lie ceased to rise.
"Wha:'s the matter?" lie asked.
"The windlass is broken," was the re
"Fix it and hoist. away-."
"I can't. The suipport at 01ne sIde hasI
broken dlownI. One end of the drum has
dIr-opp1ed to tIre ground. My shiouilder is
unidcer it, and if I stir the whole thing wvill
give wvay," wvas the startling reply- that
Thmecandtle at the top had been extirn
guished. Mr. Blaniding recognized the
urgency of having a cool head in such an
emergency, and told the other par-ty to takeI
things easy. lIe dropped the candlestick,
sack of specimieni arid thiehammier to the r
bottom of the winize. Then, br-acing oe 1
of his shoulders against one side of the hole
arnd his feet against the other, hre worked
hIs way uip inch by inch, the owner taking I
in the slatck of the r-opo with one hand. I
Ten feet were thtus ascended. Then the<
sides of the winize gr-ew so fair apart, that1
this plau. could no longer 1be purstued.J
There was.butt one salvation--the remain
ing tori feet must 1)0 c:imbed '"hand over
hanid." Releasing his feet, f-rm the knot.,
lie put the Idea into practice. E~xhaursted
by Iris previous efforts in walkinig to the
mine andh explorIng it, it seemiedi to him lie
had climbed a mile, anad, stopping to r-est,
found by thre voice above there were yetI
five feet to go. With aniothter super
hiuiiau effort, another start was aide.
After what seemedi ant age one of his htands I
struck the edge of the mouth. Is h!ody I
arid limb)s were suffering tine agonIes of
cramnps and soreness and hris bratin began to I
reel, All sorsts of frightful p)hanitoms filled
his mtind. 'With a final effort, lie reached
up, and fotund hie could get the enids of I
one handl's fingers over thre edge of a board
that anisweredi for p)art of. the coveritig. I
With the despaIr of a man who faces a I
fearful death and knows it, he let go tIre
rope altogether, and raising the other hand,
obtained a precarious hold. HIfs biody I
swung back andc torthr over tire dark ab)yIs i
an instant, and as hre felt that his harnds I
were.iQsing thitr hold(, he cried, "Save me
quick, .i'm goingi 4"
- Just~lhen ii comipanion, who is a man
of great strength, dropped tIhe end of thre4
dIrum, arnd, gras ping his coat collar, drew
)thni out on the floor of the tunnel.
The mIne expert was utterly pro'strated.
as his rescue was effected. lHe was car
ried out of the tunnel. lis clothes dripping
in perspiration; and Ittid in the snow. Whelin
partially recovered lie was assisted to a
house thit-e miles away. HIls whole framie
was so racked wvith the physical and mcen
tal tor-ture that for several hours hre hiad no
use of hIs limbs. Two (lays after
lhe retturned to the mine, atid witht aui iron
bar broke the ~windless into a thousaid
pieces, thta fished thre sack of specimens
out of the winze. Dutring a whole lifetime
of adiventutres in somne of the deepest clams
In thre world, he says hie has hover been so
near tlae door of death as he was at the
Santa Anita, and he~ hopes never to pas
through thn like dgaihnL
An Aged Do'orkeeper.
At the door leading Into the room of the
3ecretary of the Navy, Wasliugton. there
itands an old colored man, tall, straight and
.ignilled. The capilli ry coverlug of his
renerable head Is get( g gray with age.
ills name is luindsay 3 use. l'or lifty two
,e;rs. without mutermil ion, he las swung
0 t:1d fro t he door of o 5ecrettry's ollice,
mnd every one of the 3 days of the year,
-aln or shine, finds hil at his post. Lind
lny Muse has known' titost every oflicer
>f the armty and nav fromt generial tad
ttniral down to lieutienant and ensign,
ho have hnd businesjwih the navy cie
)artettcnt ftr half a deu ulry. Ile was born
i Northumberland coolty, Virginia, in the
e'ar 1805. Bleing i re fortuniate th an
10)1 Of his colortd b. getlhren leit tiade his
vay to W\ashington % ,ey l enquite a young
nan, ant, having worked about Ihe' Navy
DIepartinent at diferopt thues, his lidelity
uhm industry ade hin nainy friends, who
itl himl) appointed ass) tant mhessenger ln
1r Secretary aImunt S imthard in 1828.
Tlice that time he h: been on continual
h1ty, "and has served ider the following
3ecretaries: .john ltah, Levi Woodlbury,
icker.son, Jetus K. a nling, George E.
adger, A bel P. Upsh ", I)avid Iienshaw,
Hl'hmals WV. Gilmner, John Y. Manson,i
3eorge Baneroft, Will1 m lhtllard 'reston,
i iim A. Girahiam, John J. Kennedy,i
ines U. )obbin, Isatc Toneey, Gideont
Y'ells, Adolplh'1E. J3ori , George M. Robe
(n, andt the present S wretary, Richard V.
hmtnpson, of Iniaiti. The colored man
is outlived all of thesh. gentlerten, except
wo, viz.: George 1hocrolt, the eminent
iistor)an, and George M. Roub-son, member
A ('ongress from New Jersey. At the
ime this ol servanlit first appeared on dity,
ohn Quincy Adans was President, butI
,indsay sticks whether the adninistration
a Democratic, liepublican, or na !hing else.
le never voted in his life. and is it tirim ad
oeate of the civil service rules. Ahnoit.
very Secretary w1ht leav.ng the oiliee hias
aiked this doorkeeper for his faithful
1md intelligeit performance of duty, and
its given himt an iutograiph letter testify
ng to his high regard for him. 'l'heso let -
.eir Mr. Allese keeps locked up from human
tyes, but brought forth one for the reporter
o look at. ie says it Is it fair sample of
hem all. 'I'e following Is a copy of the
1NusAv Muss: I cannot leave the )e
lartient without expressing to you my
uigh sense of your fidelity and good con
luet as messenger of the Navy Department.
tour manner in performing your duty has
llways met with my perfect approbation.
GEooRR BANcaoF T.
WAAH1NUTON, December 1, 1846.
When Mr. Thompson was iade Secre
ary of the Navy, Mr. Robison. his prede
essor, brought him out to introduce him to
.ntdsay Muse. Shaking his hand warmly
ir. Thompson said: "Oh! Lindsay and I
lan't need an Introduction, we have been
riends for the last twenty years." Last
'car, when the illlcers of the Navy Depart
nent were removed into the new building.
\hniral Scott and several other gentlemen
tbout the der)tli'tilent ta>lok up a submcrip.
lon and purchased Lindsay a handsome
flack suit of clothes, so that the depart
nent and its oldest servant could appear
ogcthor in a new dress. Lindsay is now
ver seventy-four years of age, but 1he is
till strong and active. lie says that lie
xpects to be on guard for many years yet,
nd that when lie is at last compelled to
etire he will do so with great regret.
A Itamtour Itrev:ar3.
Chief among treasures of art is tle Brovi.
ry cherished in tlie old palace of the Doges
t Venice its a veritable pearl of price.
laced under glass, it is open at one page,
.nd every day the leat is turnedi, No that if
Ito art stutdentt hats 1101 weeks to spate for
Tenice, lhe mayit hope in that timte to make
lmstelf atcqiuainted with all the milniatures.
even this is mulich more1( thantt watsonce per
ulittedl to the publt)ic. Th'le oldt culstoiantts
f San Marco cherished thte Breviary as thte
cry tapple of th.e eye, and it wvas coniSderedl
wort.ty entertatntmenit for kings and for
'ign potetntates to turn the leaves and1( in.
pect the pictures of this priceless miaitu
eript. No one of less importantce than a
lug or a forcigni gutest, whom tihe Republic
elighted to htonor, was permitted so uch
s to catch ai glimpse of the cover; so thtat.
or y'eairs it remaiined a hidden treasure,1
Imiost, lost out of the mteitory of man01, or
tentioe nowC( and 11( then by 8some fo:ttmatec
over of art to whlom~ a flectinlg glimipre had
>etn accorded, it acqluiredl a fatbuloussplen-11
or, and( was spoken of ias being covered
vitth gold enriched by precious gemis.
Coting. is certainly kntown with regard to
ls orIgin. 'VTt more14 thani one0 hand( was
mlohyedl in Its ad(ornlment is suililciently
vident, for while sonie of the minilatutres
re dilstinguishted by a nobientess of dlesignl
nd11 finish of exectiout, othters are feeble
nd( contfusted, anad a fewt, from t,heir weak
eoss, seem scarcely wvorthy a place. VTo
Irevinary conslits of 881 ieavea of very fine1
vhlte parchment, on wvhich ate wvritten the1
saitlms, the Lessons, the RubrIc, the Ollices
o the Virgin and the Saints, thte Service for
he D)ead, etc. VTe mtargin of eaech onte of
hese leaves is enriched by exquisite illum
nations of every variety-arabesqtues of
old and silver', and vatriousa colors, amIdst
viicht are platced flowers and fruits of all
dinds; every sort of creat,ure that creeps
>n land, or flies in thte ilr, or swims. a the
ea; shel.-Ash, Insects. birds, and beasts;
air.es, geni, and fabulous mtonsterst, charm.
ng little iandscapeA; represettationsof mna
ttnd costtmes of variotts nations; scenes of
Ife in town and( counttry, In palace and cot
tge-all on a mInute scale, and all 'ainted
n that, delIcate pointille atyli. so exquisite
nd so mairvelous in its results. It Is dliil
alt, not to linger over eachl 0ne, so charm.
nig are thtey, antd so well do thtey repay the
losest exait~iton. Here wo-aro brought
utddenly into the Iiteridr of a jeweliar's
hop, whtere a woman, seated, Is weIghing
Jit gold; there a lovely girl is leanIng over'
hatlcony; a gardener Is piuokingftuit, from
i1s tree; n pair of lovers atre sailli\g oni a
ake on whIch swans are swimingt a heor-1
nit Is praying ha the widerness to an image
>f the Virgin; .an old peasant wvoman Is
iobling paInfully alonig on crutches; a
ond( wlinds thtrought a mountainous country,
vitht a glImpse of scalan the dIstance, an old
easantt wvomtan Is appiroachin)g, hearling on
ecr head a wicker cage of .chtickons, utnder
me arm a cock, under the other a basket of
ggs; a young girl is washing her hands at
fountain in the middle of a square in a
-The flood In Ohio anti Kentuoky
les been very disastrous.
An Irish Vatuntoor.
Perhaps the most daring deed that-evei
won old England's Legion of Ilonor wa
that which was sucessfully pvrformed bj
Kavanagh during the Indian mutiny
Lucknow was besieged, and Its garrisot
was starving. l3esides, the little band o
devoted men, there were aio women lm
children cooped up in the residency, at th<
mercy of some 50,000 or 60, 000 savag;e amn
relentless foes. Daily, nay hourly tll
little garrison was growing. weaker, an
nearer were pressing the dusky 5epoys, un
tiI it became at matter of life and death t
lhe heroic few that Sir Colin Campbell
who was known to be advancing to theii
relief, should at once 1e informed of thei
real state, and their utter inability to hok
aut much longer. A volun;eer was caller
for, a uan who would consent. to be di.
guised of a Sepoy, and who would risk hi,
life among the mutineers, in order to rmlakt
he beat of this way to the advancing army,
lie call was Inunediately responded to
ind two or three men expressed their wil
lingness to undertake the task. From them
)rave volunteers an Irishman named Ka
rana21h was chosen, who, to his other qua
illeations, added a knowledge of the
nemy's custonms, and a thorough acquaint.
ice with their Intguage. The cotn
nlandantt shook the brave man by the hand,
md frankly informed him of the dangerous
lature of the task he had undertaken ;
low It was more than probably that he
night. meet, lls detth in the atteinpt. uint
he gallant follow persisted, and his skin
was at once colored by the means of hurne(l
-ork and other materials to the necessary
tue. lie was then dressed in the regul
utfit as i Sepoy soldier. When night sel
a he started on his lonely and perilout
nission, amid the hearty "God-speeds" Al
.he famishing garrison. In his breast h
?arried dispatches for Sir Colin Campbell,
with the contents of which lie had beci
nade acquainted, in case of their loss.
We have not the space at, our command ic
iive all the particulars of t his remarkabk
Journey. Ile succeeded, however, aft em
iany narrow escapes and great hardshipi
-during which he often had to pass night
ifter night in the eneny's eCanp, aund tr
uarch shoulder to shoulder with thimn ir
the daytime; and when he left themtt, t(
wim across rivers, or to crawl through th(i
-angled thickets were the deadly tiger as
terts his sway -- in reaching Sir ( Colui
Lainpbcll's camp ; where, to finish his stir
ring adventures, he was tired at and nearly
shot by the B3riti,h outposts. Kavanagh't
iarrative was listened to with rapt attention
by Sir Colin, who immediately gave orders
for the army to advance as soon as possih
to the aid of the gallant defenders of ti(
Residency. How the latter were rescuer
,s a matter of history. Kavanagh lived
Ong enough to wear his cross, though h
ost his life shortly afterward in battlowitli
he same enemy, but the noblo examlple
to left behind him was not lost on thi
yrave hearts who eventually saved Indhi
The (n,n Puzz,le.
.The gem puzzle or t lie boss puzzle, or thu
boss .uiiance, whichever it is, has played I
serious part in the history of my family ai
,f my friends. In an unfortunate moment,
;(1t1me days ago (maledictions be on it) 1 in
vested ten cents in the "fifteen" puzzle. I
bought I had obtained my money's worth,
mt alas I had purchased ten nights' wake.
lulness and fifteen times more family feul
han 1 had reckoned on. I thought as I
arried the wrotched little instruiient of
orture home Ii my pocket how happy I
was to have it, and instead of that, 1 hav(
lot known what it is to be happy sluice lit
thadow darkened my doors. On the first
light I worked hard over It until 1 A. M.,
tlthough the hardest work I had was tc
(Cep tiy wife and1( eldest (laughter fron1
eizing It. 1 wvent to bed1( with a headache,
isaippointed and1( mad1(, but determined.]
twoke in the mornhing with a headache ane
ound( my (laughter of lifteen at "fifteen.'
shie was late at school that, day, and I1 reach.
d mly oflieo two hours behll.e. time. It
wasL the I0th of t lie month, but I (dated all
ny letters I15th, and one of them after the
>ld style, '"18-15-14.." That evenintg]
7.as forced toI u1se palternal and(l marit al auth.
>rity to keel) time peacesa, I imaiy addo. It
iever occuirredl to us to buy atnothier pu?zle,
worked all the evening hard, and1( got
>retty madl not becas I couldn't do It,
mit because that bulsyb)ody of a wife per
isted ini telltng mc how to move the blooks
-ais If she knew any better than13 1 did I
Trho next evenlig my mo11ther-in-law
ame to tea wIth us. 8lho said she liad (10n1
lhe "fifteen" pluzzle several timues. "Not
vith 11-10, "nor with 15--14." "'Oh,
res." she replIed. "WVell, there must have
>een somie of the othier numbers out of so
uenlce, too," I said(. '"No,"' shle still in
lsted, "'nothIng but 15-14." "'And you:
re sure you didn't lift one out ?" eontitue.d
, skeptIcally. "Of course I dildn't," sie
etorted wIth asp)erity; "(10 you thIik ]
3heat and tell falsehoods ?" WhereuponI
ulp)ed down miy snleaking suspIcions ori
hat subject, amtl rep)liedl very blandly (be.
ause she Win money andl my wIfe, Fannie,
las only one sister), "CertaInly not-, mothecr
lear I but then 1 thought perhaps it was1
iccidental." "Well. Mr. C.," she sald -ex.
3itedly, amnd rising fromn the table. "Yoti
nust tako me for an idIot to think that ]
oruld lift a bloc0k by accIdent." "Can you
lo the puzzle again?" I asked, moved by
matanic instinct to prove to her that she wat
wronig andl utterly uinndful of her lImIt.
ees bank account. "I don't know," shn
eplied curtly, as she swept out of the rooti
,vithi that dignilty which is born alone 01
lie consciousness of possessing cords of U.
3. registeredl 43 or other truck of a slmila
lature. Fanny caime downi very cross and
51dd, "Edward, I thInk you were extreme.
y rude." "P~ossibly," said I, "but can'i
1o 15-14, I .was." Nothing more wasI
aId, and Fanny went off to bed early.]
Trruithfulness runs in my wife's family
md conlsequiently I was tqrtured with thc
)elief that my mothier-In-law had dono "It
-14," amid if she hind (hone it, it was possl
Aie, and( il t was possIble, I would do it:
10 I worked*uintil halfpast twelve. Whmei
[ went up stairs Fanny was awake, but sr
awkward sIlence reigned supreme. Tlia
wvas the first night for sixteen years that
mand faIled to kiss her good night, except
when we were not togthmer. .The nexl
ivening my daughter declared she could d<
"11-10-" or 15-14,'' so after tea 'W
went at It vi et armia, or in othpr wor'ds,
lotermined to vIe without arms. Bhp fool
~4 around over thoso i;locks for an hour un
LI1 I got so nervous and so provoked with
Lho stupid way she moved thefn that I woul(
~ave slapped her' had she only beon youn
er. A circle of live or seven is the only
lg11 ittto way to move, and instead of that
she travelled all over the board. Finally
she changed the location of the vacant
square ati declired she had done it. I sent
heri to bed.
Te next day was Sunday, an<d really,
for ine a day of rest. Throughout the Lit
nily, when the congregation imurmured.
"Good Lord, deliver us,' I silently aldded,
"from the puzzle of fifteen." But our cli
antx came on the following evening, when
i), wife asserted, and isisted, that she
lierself, with her mother, had done ''15
14." I said she hadn't; that it couldn't be
done without some trick, and that I didn't
belicvte it. We hadt( been cool and hadn't
kissesiice the row. She replied that I was
insultinig, and I answered that If her mother
said she could do "15--14,'' fair and square,
she said what was not true, and that she
suid so. Fanny, thereat, said that she
never could have believed that I could so
I far forget ayself. I replied to the effect
that her inother had told a lie, and that per
haps it was not the first one.
The next morning Fanny went to. her
mother's and sent a note saying that until I
knew how to treat her and her mother With
respect she would not return, and she never
will if I have to acknowledge first that her
mother can do "1 5-14," becatise sho can't,
and thut's the end of it.
Iliter-)oeanto Shitp Cunals
The proposed Nicaraguan Canal would
be 181 miles long; it is to have 17 liftlocks,
4 dams on the San Juan river, three short
canals around the dams, the diversion of
the mouth of the San Curios river, and the
necessary blast lug and dredging, to which
nust be added the lack of harbors on Lake
Nicaragua, and both termini of the canal.
This canal re<tuires 82,000,000 cubic yards
ot excavation and en,bankment, of which
21,000,000 cubic yards are rock on dry
land and 990,000 cubic yards are rock un
der water. The heaviest cost falls on the
construction of 17 lift-locks, in addition to
t'e three before named, one tide lock and
artificial harbors. Colonel George M. '1t
teu's estimate of the cost of this canal is
iI59,0-14, 450. A. (1. Menocail's is $Itl,
000,000. Admiral Ammen's is $52,577,718.
The time required for its construction is
est imnated at ten years. The tune required
for the transit of vessels through tie icanal
is reckoned at 4 days. If a vessel's da1ily
expenses are $600, then the value of time
in making the transit would amount to the
sum of $2,250. The Colon-I'anamn Canal
would be 42 miles long on a level with the
sea, and nearly oil a straight line, admitting
vessels of the greatest tonnage and length
to pass freely. This canal requires 45,000,
000 cubic yards of excavation, of which
there are 17,000,000 c'ibic yards of rock on
dry land and none under water. There are
good natural harbors at both terminli. 'T'le
time required to make the transit of this
canal is estimated at two days. TIs route
has the advantave of being short, oni a level
with the sea, and near a railway, affording
facilities of transport The cost of con
struction of this canal is estimated by
Colonel George M. 'T'otton at $102,8691,510.
The Paris cinal congress estimate is $80,
000,000, ac cording to one newspaper re
port, and $240,000,000 according to an
other. The greater length of the Nicaragua
route, as compared with that of the Colon
Panama, the'tost of construction, cost of
mtaintenantce, time of execution, time of
transit and cost of towage through the re
spective canals, would be in tihe ratio of
their respective lengths as 42 to 181.
Therefore, if it would cost $100 to tow a
vessel through the Colon-Panamta canal, it
would cost $430 to tow one through the
Nicaragua one. Again, if a vessel's daily
expenses are $500, the amount of time con
sumed in passing through the respective
canals being in the ratloof 42 to 181, then it
would cost, in the vaiue of time, $2,250 in
passing through tIle Nicaragua canal, whllIe
that of passing through thle Colon-Panla
mia one would be of the value of $500. A
level ctantal without locks, shlort, straighlt,
would hlave nmaifoldI adivantages over a
cnnal following tihe winding of a narrow
rapid river withI a score or miore of locks.
Trho latter woulid be quite liablo to need
frequient repairs, thus, Impeding ,trafllc,
whlich would abandonl such a precar'iou~s
channel for one offering greater faLcilities
for a safe, brief, -and a chleaper one, where
imlpedimlents wouIld not be likely to occur,
andl further from a volcanic region..
P'ilain Tailk top Young Men.
Riemember, young frIend, thlat thle work(l
is older thlan you are biy several years; that
for thousands of years it has been full of
smiarter and better young men thlan yourself ;
that when they died tile gtlbe went whirl
ing on,*and thlat nlot one manlf in a hundred
millions wenlt to the funeral or even hecard
of tile deaith. Be as smart as you can of
course. Kno1w as much as you canl; shed
thle light of youir wisdom abiroad, but dion't
try to (dazzle or astonishl anybody with it.
And donl't imagIne a tIling is simple be
cause you happen to thlink it is. D)on't be
too sorry for your father because ho knows
50 mluch less thlan you dio. Ho used to
think he was as mulch smarter thani his
father as you tJiink you are smarter thaun
yours. 'The world has great need of yoting
mna, but no greater need than the young
mn have of the world. Your clothes fit
better than your father's fit him; they cost
tmore money; thley are more styhish. Hie
used to be as straight andi nimle as you
are, lHe, too, p#rhiaps, thought his father
old-fashioned. Your mustacho la neater,
the cut of your hair is better, and you are
p)rettier, oh, far prettier thlan "pa. 'But,
young~ man, the old grentieman gets the big
gest salary, and Is homnely; scratnbling sig
nature on the business end of a chleck will
drain more money out of a bank in five
ninuites tIhan you could get out with a ream
of paper and a copper-plate signature In six
months. Young men are useful, and they
are ornambntal, and we all love them, and
we couldn't engineer a picnic successfully
without them. But they are no novelty.
Theiy have been hero before Every gen
'Iration has had( a full supply of theom,.and
will hlave to the end of tIme, and eacht crop
will think themselves quite ahead of the
last, and will lIve to bo called old fogies by
their sons. Go ahead. Have your day.
Your sons will, by and by, pity you for
your old, odd ways. Don't be afraid your
merit wIll not be discovered. People all
over the world are hunting for you, and if
youi are worth finding, they will fhnid you.
A dIamond is not so easily found as a
quarts pebble, but people search for it all
the mere intently.
--The seh'ool attondance l4apan is
pov thir&p"ei iIlf*
NEWS IN 3RIEIr.
-''le )omilauo,, on t;nuada Is in debt
to the aoun 1tof $100,000,000. .
-A full-blooded Seneca Indian lt a
1ireman oil the Erie Railroad.
-Several chief's have revoltod
agauiist K1:ig John of Abyssinia.
-Spelling reform pays. Josh BIl
llugs has made $100,000 by his writing.
--I'rovlions and tallow to the value
of $9.4I9,0J0 were exported lit January.
-Five thousand eight hiundrp d in
migrants landed at New York in Jan
-The debt of Cleveland, 0., Is $85,
918,000. $093,000 were paid on the de.,t
last yt ar.
-There are nad yearly in Reading
and lerk+ counties, Pa., over 0,000,000
-On his farm at 13eauvolr, Jefferson
D.tvis is preparing for a big cotton crop
-The amount of United States our
rency outstadling at the presdnt tine is
--It is said there are 40,000,000 acres
ol publie lands in the atate of Califor
nila yet uasurveyed.
-MissIssippi has decided to have an
en tomologiet. The ,tato loses $0,000,
000 a year by worms.
--A compainy with a capital'of $250,.
OCO h:as'beua formed to wurk the petro
leui springs in Uermnany.
-Spain pays her miniSters plenipo
teutiary $00,000 a year and her favorite
bull-lightct $30.000 a year.
-The flfteen ear manufacturing es
tablisnhments In this country turned out
37,850 cars in eleven months.
-'''e Marquis do Talleyrand Perl
gord, a relative of .he famous Talley
rand, is visiting Washington.
-Tne total value of exports of pe
truleum and putrufeumn proluets for
December 1879 were $3,039,000.
-During the year 1871) three new
telegraphic llues were opened for ser
vice by the Governnent of Persia.
-The total receipts of lumber at Chi
cago during 1879 were 1,407,720,030 feet,
an lucreisu for the year of 25 per cent.
-During 18;9 more railroad acoel
dents occurred in the transportation of
coal thilt of any other kind of freight.
--It is estimated that the inereasel
cost of railroad building as present as
compared with a 3ear1 ago Is $3,000 per
--in the United States navy there
are but forty-eight vessels of' all sizes
and cl:ssifluatio,ns that are able to Aire
-- The habeas Corpus-the people's
writ of right, passed for the security of
individual right--was made a law May
--'-he State of Mississippi Is about to
establitlsh a college for young women.
''he State University now has 877 stu
deuatu, and Is prospering.
-The new Cathedral at Edinburgh.
built by thu Misses Walker, is the
largest Protestant Eplscopal church
ereeted since the refornatlti. .
--The revenue from New York ca
nals in '7) was $07.398 less than i '08.
'Tlhis Is ascribed to tue late opening last
spring. 'T'his year ought to compensate.
--Conneetleut has a scho91 fund of
$:,019,650, of which about tlhree-quar-._
ert's are invested conservatliely In
mortgages on property within the state.
-At the end of the present fiscal year
the conmsslon'or ot' pensionsestimates
that, there will be 259,000 applications
for pensions pending and unacyl upon.
-'lhe treasury 'of' the State of North
Caroliina htas funded between $6,003,000.
and $0,000,00J of old bonds in uew lour -
per' cents., bearing interest fromnJly
-Capt. Rt. F. TBurten is now in Egypt,
andl is ubout to proceed, wyith a-auryey
lug party, to the gold mines which lhe
diauovereul near' the shores of the Gulf
--There are ninety-flye lakes in Iowa
covering an area of 01,' 00 a'ees.Should
these lakes dry up, as some of them are
doing, the land will belong tpo,tbe Gov
-The trotter Rolla Golddust, valued
in his primneat $:20,0t)0, was sold (it Eden
farm at anetIon f or $190.3 He is"old and
eripled, and1( is valued chiiefly for what
lhe has done.
-The St. Gothart tunnel twqs comn
p)letedl in less than seven years-4that Is,
half the tIme consumed in pierding,the
Mon t Cen is, wvhieh it exceeds in length
by 2,'700 metres. . ' e
--The gross earnings of the Northern
Pacii railroad for the year 1679 are
rep,ortedl to the railroad commissioner
at $1,381,031, upon which the t'ax paid
the Suite Is $27,081.
-Fou:r thousand fig-trees, Imported
from' Europo, ':AslWandl .africa, were
planted.on Frairnie 11111. near Pensa
cola, Fla., last a'utumn. A4teighbor
lug fig orchard contains 3,?00
-There are ,about 29a,0000n lndans of
all tribes. Of' these 40,' 0 cainlead and
write, 30,000 are members of ohurcbes,
and there are abount 2590000 acres of
land cultivated by tj.e duffer.t tribes.
-The Belgian Queen dgea fondly
cherishes the enemory of hoe qy soin,
thu Duke of Brabant, whao'd~ In Jan
uary, 1869, that she hits neIVer since
permItted any Court festivitIes to be
fiold (during that month.
-Lyons. Fra nce, is about to~ erect a
statue to Jacquard, the lan 'r of the
well-known loom that bearsahis name.
lie was born In 1752, andr diedan 1884.
Lyons had the first use .qft his loom,
wfifch, It. may. be re mbrdwa
publicly burnt.' mm,rd a
-lThe life of the late Ma'4ins of An
glesey was insured ti various corn
panios for an aggregate amodnt of not
less than ?2'50,000. The .present Mar
quis will come. ato a magfilflen t and '
unencumbered p roperty., M[ba an In
come of ?100,000 a'ydar.
-An enterprising An rq~ihpjded
seine whoelbarrows t~ o jJanei ro,
aned the nativos'AILjd 'td l~mIi steOnes
and carrIed then'6h their d / 'ihey
said it wad a ebjiltal 'OQht e,id'
wondered how tIy,t e0t
along so many y~a wy
-Joseph E.''elp PtI
amounting hIn all to
Pennsylvania Acoadeas ~n
free t9 the bl j
every exhi Il E~
Whe incomnWeb i~b d
a 10g art.
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