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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JULY 13, 1895. ESTABLISHED 1844.
.EVENTS ALL OVER THE STATE.
New Electric Power Plant.
The latest industrial improvement
ito be undertaken in Columbia is the
'building of an immense electric power
plant at the foot of the canal which
will convert the 10,000 horse power
furnished by the water of the canal
into electricity which will be supplied
to the various cotton mills and other
industries in the city at a yearly rental
of $15 a horse power. This canal,
which was completed at a cost of about
$1,000,000, is owned by New England
capitalists, who have built the largest
ducking mill in the south on its banks.
With the building of the electric plant
the canal company will also enlarge its
ducking mills so as to . employ about
Supreme Court Decisions.
M. C. Butler vs. W. H. Ellerbe.
Comptvoller ' -ieral, and W. T. C.
Bates. Treasurer of South Carolina.
!The judgment of the Court is that the
complaint be dismissed for want of jur
-sdiction. Pope, A. J., and: Gary, A.
-J., concurring in that conclusion in
separate opinions, McIver, C. J., dis
:senting for reasons stated in his opin
U. B. Brooks, clerk of Supreme
Court, upon the affidavits of Richard
9D. Lee, Esq., uttorney for respondent,
,in accordance with Rules 1 and 2 of
ithis Court, entered an order dismiss.
ing the appeal for want of prosecution,
with costs, in the case of Samuel Cope
land, respondent, vs. the Western As
purance Company, appellant. This
case was tried before Judge Wither
spoon, in Sumter, at the March term.
A new hotel has been erected at
W. J. Bowen, the Charleston liquoi
'dealer that Judge Buchanan sentenced
:o four months in the penitentiary for
contempt, cannot be found.
Charles A. Brown will issue at Dar
lington on Wednesday, the 17th of
this month, the first copy of the Dar
lIngtonian, a newsy five column folio.
.The politics of the paper will be
- The'drganization of the company for
the fir 'Lancaster mil1 was effected
;there onday. The capital stock will
be $1 ,000, half of which $76,000, is
ho subscription. The balance will
A commission for a charter was is
;aued at Columbia to the Florence T4
and Warehouse and Prize Com
nyof Florence. The capital stock
the company to be $3,000, which is
to be increased to $6,000 if the stock
tolders so elect.
- Ezekial Long, a white bcoy. was
;killed about fourteen miles above Wal
halla, on "Sunday morning. He was
Sdriving alone on an ox-cart and in go
ing over a rough place in the road, he
was thrown. His foot caught under a
cross bar and his head under a wheel.
IClifton is to be extended to the
Southern Railway. The large mill
number three is now in course of con
straction and streets are being graded
.t make arrangements for a number
if new buildings. After this work is
~completed the Clifton Mill will have a
~opulation of from 3,000 to 4,000.
In a circular letter from the Asso
'ciated Railways of the Carolinas and
Vignai is annour:ced that the fare
for the State Fair will be one fare for
ithe round trip for all passengers. As
to freight one full re~te will be charged.
If after the Fair the property is still
' e--he property of the exhibitor it will be
-The Rev. A. C. Osborn. D. D., of
Dr .E. Becker as president of the
Benedict Institute, located in Colum
bi.Dr. Osborn comes to take charge
cation of tecolored people, bringing
:with him the highest recommenda
*The Cheraw correspondent of the
polumbia State says: Some of Chernw's
~merchants are selling Dailingion
,oking tabaceo, while :come of the
Pligton merchante are selling
Cheraw socks. An interchange of the
tue productslof neighboring
tosin a pleasant way of developing
te resources of the State and at the
pame time serves to bring about a
~ rtof enterprise and good feeling ini
a different towns.
- UITTLE GIRLS MURDERE2.
A Serica of Terrible Crimna on the Olut
skirts of Lond~on.
*A series of outrag~es and murdre:; little
girls of age~s rang~ing~ from four to se- a u r
hau-'r.eatedl great ecitement a-none the w r'k
ing cl.ases in the dlist rict of WValthonto-..
sev.n miles northeast of L.~ i on, E'vglan 1.
Within two months five little ones hm
beeni decoyed from near their h''.no' aa1
vanished completely. S'-archina parte
have subsequenfly foun-t their b-vlies i:Pth
fields stripp~ed of atl their clothinr. an-i r~,v
ing evid'onee of the m-'t outra:mu-i t ra'
menut. In every cas' the r'tima hv
been children who have been 1!ayi:
alone the roadside or on their way in the di
charge of short errands. The i-nm'diata
cause of death in every instance has been
stratngulation. The misereant usually hhie..
the bodies of his victims in secludled place
in the fields and under hedges an-t .overs
them with leaves.
The Magnet in Surgery.
A few days ago C. H. Fiske, the Old
Orchard hotel proprietor, got a needle
into his foot and was unable to ex
tract it, although he tried many ways
to do so. Finally, knowing the affinity
of steel for a magnet, he went to the
electric-light station and placed his
foot near a dynamo, and out came the
THE BEST OF THE YEAR.
Weekly Bulletin of the Condition of
the Crops Quite Encouraging.
The following weekly bulletin of thy
condition of the weather and crops in
South Carolina, which is more en
couraging than any heretofore issued
this season, was issued by State Weath
er Observer Bauer:
The g-eater number of reports, and
including nearly every county, are of a
favorable tone, and indicate that all
crops have made satisfactory growth,
are in excellent condition generally,
and with a few exceptions are clean
and well worked.
There are reports from Pickens,
Gieenville, Laurens, Union, York and
Chesterfield counties of serious injury
to the cotton plant by lice. These in
sects have appeared in localities where
they were never before known. Whole
fields are said to have been ruined in
a short time, as the lice spread with
marvellous rapidity. Lice have about
disappeared from other portions of the
State. Worms are still injuring corn
in the northern and western counties.
No destructive wind or hail storms
were reported during the past week.
There was scarcely an average
amount of sunshine, although includ
ing the whole State, nearly so. There
was least cloudiness in the central and
northeastern counties, and most in the
Georgia border and extreme westein
counties, and in Berkeley where there
was but 25 per cent of the possible,
while in Horry there was 90 per cent.
There is but little change to note in
the condition of crops, but what
change rhere is, is towards betterment
generally, except over acomparatively
small area where insects and want of
timely rain caused positive injury or
Of cotton, it is universally said that
it is very emal but healthy, and where
well fertilized looking promising. It
is putting on squares freely, but is
slow to bloom in the up-country; blos
soming is general in the eastern por
tions of the State. The crop is gener
ally well worked and free from gils.
Aside from its being undersized, its
condition is all that could be desired.
Corn is doing well generally. Early
planting is being laid by in excellent
condition. In a few localities it was
too dry, but this is exceptional. Later
corn looks fine. Some corn planted
in stubble land just coming up and
some still being planted. In the
eastern counties the crop is alm6st
Small grains nearly all harvested
and tbrashed, with a yield below an
average crop for wheat and oats, con
sidering the State as a whole.
Watermelons are ripening and Vill
be ready to market, from the southern
portions of the State, this week. The
crop is not uniform, being large in lo
calities and only fair in others.
The indications are lthat there
will be a large acreage devoted to
peas this year, both as a forage crop
and for fertilizing purposes.
Sugar cane and sorghum as well as
rice are growing well and lool- promjs
iug. The acreage devoted to rice is
larger than last year.
The tobacco crop is a fine one, and
is being harvested and cured.
t will be a very remunerative crop.
here properly handled since planting.
Some fields were partially ruined by
njudicious cultivation. Expeqrience
and observation will indicate the pro
:er treatment for this crop.
Fruit continues quite plentiful with
he single exception of Horry county,
here it is scarce.
Vegetables continue in abundant
pply. Truck shipments to the north
rn markets from the coast regions
ave about ended for the season.
In comparison with other portions
f the country, this State has been ex
:eptionally favored by good growing
eather, and immunity fromi destrue
ive agencies, whether winds, excensire
ains, floods, or insects, sinicethegrow
ng season began, and as a result there
S possibly no State where the crops~
re uniformally more promising at this
AGREED TO DIE TOGETICER.
. A. Fields Kills His Wife and Child and
Then Commits Suicide.
S. A. Fields. until recentiy editor of the
ost at Polo, Mo., eut the throats of his wifo
ad baby with a razor. and then ended his
ife in the same manner. Thr bodies were
ound in a garden 200 yard-; from tho house
f his father-in-law, five miiles~ from Mead
ile. Mo. Fields and his famiily were visit
nthere at the time. A note was fouznd in
SIrs. Fields's pocket saying that everything
hev had was to be left to -her mother. Mrs.
It in evidlent that Fields as-I hik wif" htwl
sreed to die together. for she want int) tho
ouse after they' hali left it. put 'on ani ol
ress, and then went ba-:k t' b, kille t.
ields was a lawyer by profession and wa<
bout thirty-flve years of age. but had mn-lo
failure of hi; nraete'. Tro- year; ag' h,
attempted his own life by thiriwing himnself
mt of a second-story window.
KAISER GREETED BY KINC,
Emperor William Received With Marlh
Cor diality at Stockholm. Swe:lea.
Emperor William. of Germany. arrival at
Stockholm. Sweden. on board th' Imperia
acht Hohenzollern. King Osear boarded
the yacht and greeted his Imperial visit or
embracing him and kissing him twi'e.
The Emperor then landed andl was
eheered by the immense crowds assembled
and received with military honors by the
TheE-nperor and the King entered at car
riage and were driven to the palat-," es'rrtedl
by the Horse Guards. The- two monar.:hs
took luncheon together at the palace.
Woman Ties the Knot.
Rev. Ella G. Thorp, a roving preacher and
a young couple from Bentley. Kan.. m- t
apointment at the Keystone H 'tet ini
Wihita, Kan. and the lady performed the
wedding ceremony. The couple were L. C.
Kennedy and Mrs. S. F. Helvie. The we.!
ding attracted much attention from the fact
that a woman tied the knot. It is the irsi
instance of the kind known to have occurred
At some place in the world wheat is
110W nown every mionth in th~e year.
MIIA B OES
Their Thirteenth International Con.
vention Held in Boston.
THE CITY A TENTED FIELD,
rhousans Camp on the Fanous Common
-3ass Meetings Held Daily---The So
clety's Marvelous Growth--A Worla
Wide Organization, With Nearly Two
There is hardly a spot on the civilized globa
that was not represented at the thirteentl;
Christian Endeavor Convention, which as,
sembled this year in Boston, Mass. The ol
:ity was decked in holiday attire t
elcome her gue'sts, most of thl
usiness houses and public resi
mnces displaying bunting and emblems.
REv. DR. F. E. CLARR.
(Founder of the Y. P. S. of C. E.)
k mammoth dry-goods house in Tremont
.treet had its entire front covered by an
lectrical design. The Park Square station
>f the New Haven road was tastefully deco
-ated. The churches were decked out with
lags and in more than fifty pulpits on the
;untiy before the convocation the sermons
ouched on the convention.
The two great tents on the Common, with
capacity of 10.000 people each, were amply
-quipped with electric lights and seats ar
anged as in an amphitheatre. The chorus of
rwo voices was the largest ever heard in
The feature in which the general public
nanifested the greatest interest wasi the
;hree great mass meetings held each day in
Iechanics' Hall and in the tents. These
xere addressed by some of the most noted
3van-:elists from all parts of the world, and
:he addresses were supplemented by "open
,arliaments." lasting for a half hour or more.
Next in general interest were the commit
:ee conferences. held simultaneously at fif
:een different churches, each representing a.
special department of Endeavor work.
Another feature which excited great en,
:husiasm was the State rallies, receptions
ind general soeial occupations at the State
leadquarters. These State rallies were held
in the di fferent State headquarters in Boston.
rhere were also several local receptions at
the hotel headquarters, given by the variout
ity delegations to the officers of the United
On the third afternoon of the convention
2n informal reception was tendered to the
state and Territorial officers of the Christian
Endeavor by the United Society in Cotlar
Ral. Over 800 invitations were issued for
A unique feature was the series of noonda3
meetings held at factories, stores anC
wvharves wvherever they could be arranged
More thant one hundred companies of work
ars organized in various parts of the countrj
o take charge of these meetings.
The first Nattional Convention of the Young
People's Society of Christian Endeavor was
eld in rortland, Me. (its birthplace). ii
88?. The membership then was 481. corn
rising six societies. At the t welfth conven.
*ion held in Cleveland, Ohio. in June, 1894
i,741scieties, with a membership of 1.724.
100, were repres nited.
Reov. Dr. Francis E. Clark, of the Willistop
hurch, oif Portland. Me., was the originai
or of the society. Being desirous of inter
~sting the young people in church work he
nvited them to his house and talked to
hlm about it. andl their enthusiasm being;
uroused., he askedl thema to sign this pledge:
"Trusting in the Lord Jesus Christ fot
trenth. I promise Him that I will strive t'i
1 whatever Hie would like to have me dol
.hat will piray to Him and read the Bible
ve~ry day, andi that, just so far ats I know
tow throughout my whole life. I will endea
ror to lead a Christian life. As an active
member I promnise to be true to all my
uties. to be present at and to take some
:iart aside from singing in every meeting,
nless hindered by some reason which I can
onscientiously give to my Lord and Master,
fesus Christ. If oblIged to be absent from
he monthly conseeration meeting, I will, if
possible. seund an exeuse for my absence to,
Thr first name subscribed to this pledgel
asthat of WV. H. Penn:'ll. who has ever'
nee bee~n prominent in the society. It wasj
iot long before every church in Portland,
id n'similar sot-iety. A member of Willls
on Chureh miov'.d to LIneoln. Neb., and
arrieud the idea there. Another member
noved to South Hadley. Mass., and started
society there. And so it spre-sd, not only
:roughout this eountry~but t0- foreign coun
rie, until it lhas reached every civilizec
:ountry on the globe, and, in fact. somi
which are not civihie.d.
The Prince of Wales announced that ha
rould not be able to visit the United States
o see the America's Cup yacht race.
The French Chamber of Deputies asked the
lvernment to negotiate an arbitration
eaty with the United States.
An Imperial ukase relating to the Chinese
oan has been issued: Russia will indorse thle
oupons of the hondholders.
The railway station at Dortmund. Ger
nany was de'stroyed by fire and two men
vere killed by the falling of its wails.
Ambassador Eustis presided at the Fourth
f July banquet given in Paris by the Ameri
an Chamber of Commerce.
A dispatch from Madrid, Spain, s:Iys that
committee of the Ministers wIll arrange a
ettlement of the Mora claim.
Michael Cleary was convicted in Ireland
i burning his wife to death as a witch. .
Four hundred Cuban insurgents, under
tmadorGuerra. were defeated in two bat
les in Palma Saltas. Cuba. Their leader
d threeljieutenants were killed, together
rith sixty men. The hossof the Government
roops was seventeen killed and about the
ame number wounded. Expeditions for
uba are leaving North. South and Cent ral
Fire in Godillet's military establishmn!t~ie
'aris caued $1,400,000 damage.
In Glasgow an windows above the
ground floor must be hinged so they
Dan b clanerd from the inside,
THE NEWS EPITOMIZED TC
John W. Foster has arrived at his home in
Washington from China, where he served as
counselor to the Chinese peace envoys in the de
negotiations to end the war with Japan. Ai
Mr. Foster has been absent from Washington da.
on this mission nearly seven months. tiI
Secretary Herbert's investigation of the to]
labor system in Brooklyn Navy Yard led to
the removal of Naval Constructor Fernald sei
and Civil Engineer Asserson. cal
President Cleveland has pardonedEdmund oli
I. Crittenden, of Kentucky, sentenced on by
June 28. 1894, to eighteen months' imprison
ment in the Ohio Penitentiary on the charge
of robbing the mails. co
Secretary Carlisle has directed that the new en
revenue cutter now being built for service fez
along the New England coast be named the th4
Daniel Manning, and that the one being
built for service on the great lakes be named Ge
the W. Q. Gresham. both after former Secre- nu
taries of the Treasury. thl
The appointment of Willis L. Moore, of th,
Illinois, as Chief of the Weather Bureau was an
announced from the White House.
Fishermen who, by squatter sovereignty. m
occupyshanties at Sandy Hook, were ordered col
to leave by the War Department. They cit
threatened to resist eviction by arms. of
The State Department instructed Ambassa- as
lor Eustis to take steps for the relief of ex
Consul Waller. who is ill in a French prison.
The principal postoffices throughout the
!ountry have discontinued the use of the pr
!ancelling machines, by which letters are ne
postmarked and the stamps upon them can- be
The total number of stamps of all kinds is- ir
sued to postmasters in the fiscal year just -
closed was 2.823,000.000, valued at 956,885,- of
418. This is an increase in valuation of e4,- a
000,000 over last year.
Secretary Hoke Smith accepted the invita
tion of the Cordele (Ga.) Bound Money
League to deliver an address there on the
currency question. na!
The total value of envelopes Issued to post- 1h(
offices during the fiscal year was $12,036,019, t
and postal cards $4,968,16L
nECOnD Or THE LEAGUE.oLUS. th
Clubs. Won. Lost. ct. MOu. Wno. IVt'. et. th(
Baltimore 34 21 .618 Oincinnati.34 27 .557 me
Boston.....33 22 .600 Philadel...32 26 .552
Chicago...40 29 .588 lew York.28 31 .475
Pittsburg..37 26 .587 Wash'ng'n.23 35 .397 ab
Cleveland..37 28 .569 St. Louls..21 43 .323 of
Brooklyn..33 26 .559Loulsville.10 40 .169
Senator Blackburn has been called off the or(
stump in Kentucky by the Democratic State
Central Committee because of his free sliver me
A tornado of terrific violence and wide
spread extent swept over the country near wb
Newton. Kan.. destroying everything in its Ca
path. Four houses were wreeked and over fra
thirty farm houses destroyed. Twenty-five
persons were injured, seven of them fatally. be
One man was killed and sixteen people i
were injured in a trolley-car accident at East $QJ
Josiah Chamberlain, a farm hand. went to
his wife's boarding place at Norwich. N. Y., '
and afte'r firing two bullets Into her neck en
mnd abdomen killed himself. ten
Justice Gaynor, of Brooklyn, granted to .
3x-Police Inspector McLaughlin, of New i10
York City, a certificate of reasonable doubt. 3p
which acts as a stay of judgment pending de- a
ision by the Court of Appeal.
The President and Mrs. CJi1and received 6
ountless congrataialic:~. a* ay Gables,"
Buzzard's Bay, Mass.. on the birth of their
Abram Eckert, janitor of the High School I
In Nanticoke. Penn., killed wealthyFrederiek Col
T. Bitteabender, chairman of a school com
At San Luis Obispo. Cal., ex-Governor tw(
Stevenson, of Idaho. committed suicide by the
taking laudanum. He was a great sufferer ver
from sciatica. ing
Defender's trial trip indicated that she 2
rill have wonderful racing qualities.
Sheriff Tamsen removed Warden Raabe pet
md Keepers Schneer and Schoen, of Ludlow ho:
3troet Jail. New York City. because of thu S
ax dIscipline which permitted the escape of the
he Postoffiee robbers, Killoran. Allen and
Charles 3. Klnsler, ea PhiladelphIa alder- CO~
an, was shot and killed], evidently by acci-- Co'
lent, while watchlag a flag-raising. tio1
Grover and Lela, aged eleven and thir- for
n years respectively, children of William~ fol]
hultz of Marceline, Ill., were drowned in .
sear Ureek. Grover was bathing in the eit
reek, and thbe girl, hearing his screamus~went nu~
o rescue him from drowning. the
Dernberg, Gliek & Horner. proprietors of car
he Leader. one of the large department, an
tores of Chicago, have failed. Creditors
told a chattel mortgage for 8225,000. It is ser
aId that the assets of the fiem wi reallze big
'ver 8400.000. m
Three people were drowned In the Delt- gal
rare River at Beverly, N. J., by the capsizing
i a boat. They were John Anderson, Frank
3evana, a bicycle manufacturer, and Miss bet
Becauseo Mollie B~ors would not marry him did
uke Hoyer blew up her home. In Le- tio
nont, Ill., with dynamite, fatally wounding of
ter, her mother and her aunt.
Francis M. Dickinson, seventy-one years P.~
)ld, a prominent JBechertown (Mass.) far- tio
ner, was gored to <leath by a bull. HIs sons ]
~ound him 'mangled and dead, lying in theex
The sate in the County Treasurer's offico at
Iarsburg, Ark., was robhed of $3100 at kn
ioon wvhile Mr. Vanderver was in court con- a
ulting with the Judge- tat
LYNCHED THE PREACHER. ofi
Stevival Service Wac G:ing On and the =wel
1,ynchgrs Enterent the l'alpit.
At Hope Henry colore-l church. about live
miles southwest of Lake City. Fla.. R )bert 'i
Bennett, a young clorel preacher. was y
dragged from the pulpit and lynched by a ~
party of men. A revival has been going on ehn
at the church, and whent services closed a I
mourner was at the bench in a trance. teni
The preacher and several others remained an
to watch the man. All went to sleep and at
four o'clock the lynchers entered and dragged th
Bennett from the p~ulpit. They took him
about a mile and shot him to death.
Bennett had been working in Suwanee
county for Bryant Pagett, and was accused of oe
attempting to assault the latter's daughter. ml
Elll the Pursuing Sherifr. a
"Railroad Bill," the colored desperado and
rain robber, murdered Sheriff McMillan, of ba
Escambia. County, Alabama, near Blue cli
S prings, Fin. The Sheriff, with a posse, had o!
chased him through the swamps for a hun
dred miles. ri
lBoth Were Drowned. w
Lois Galpin, the ten-year-old daughter of
A. . Galpin, of New Haven, and Ella John- I J
eon, aged sixteen, were drowned at Taunton
Lake. near Newtown, Conn. Ella Johnson
lost her life in an attempt to save that of the
man sweep the snow from his ownt
doors and not trouble himself about
the frost in his neighbor's tiles"-- ci
David Oldham, a Baptist deacon, of Ukiah,
CaL is on trial on a charge of holding up
tfe lendaino..stage C~a~h. --~ ~ ' r
GO TO THE SUPREME COURT,
lored Men Preparing to Test Soutb
Carolina's Election Laws.
laving been appointed vice presi
its of the South Carolina Suffrage
1 Society, which was organized Fri
F evening at the Metropolitan Bap
Church, many of the colored pas
s of this city Sunday devoted their
mons to the discussion of the politi
status of the negroes of South Car
an, as told to them Friday evening
Congressman Murray of that State.
hough the attendance at the many
ored churches was small, those pres
seemed much interested in the dif
ent phases of the political states of
negro in the Southern States. Rev.
orge W. Lee, of the Vermont Ave
e Baptist church,who was selected as
president of the new association, says
t he is in earnest about the matter,
I that he is in earnest about the
*tter, and that he will urge all the
ored pastors of the churches of this
y to make unusual efforts in behalf
the securement of a fund here to
ist in the employment of counsel to
:e the question of the registration
rs of South Carolina before the Su
,me court. The services of a promi
it law firm of this city have already
m secured, and a South Carolina
n will assist in prosecuting ti-e eose.
conversation with a representative
rhe Star the president of the new
'Our object is to raise means and
ploy competent councel to contest
registration laws of South Caroli
which, we believe are contrary to
Constitution of the Unil'ed States.
9ink that the people will respond
erally to our appeals to them if the
tter is put to them prop
y. I shall urge the subject before
ministers of this city, and ex ect
ir co-operation. 1 shall call a mass
eting to be held at my church next
nday night, and we will secure
e men to speak upon the importance
the colored people here giving their
>port to this movement. The col
d people of South Carolina are poor
I unable to contribute the necessary
ans to test the case and it becumes
duty of the colored people every
ere to give them aid, for if South
rolina can enact a law that will dis
nehise 140,000 negroes, it will nut
long before every State in the South
1 adopt similar laws."-Washing
Equal Division in York.
'he Yorkville Enquirer gives an ex
led notice of a meeting that was
in York County, at which a divi
of the delegates was agreed to.
eches were made by Judge Earle
Judge Witherspoon, Twenty
>s had representatives at the meet
he following is the action of the
'esolved, That it is the sense of this
tvention that, so far as practicable,
re shall be an equal division be
en Conservatives and Reformers of
delegates to the Constitutional Con
tion, as the best method of secur
the best men to send to that body.
. That we pledge ourselves to per
nate white supremacy by fair and
.That the homestead provision
uld be retained in the Constitution.
.That the five candidates for the
stitutional Convention for York
itv be nominated by primary elec
1, and be divided between the Re
rn and the Conservative factions, as
ows, to wit: The candidate d.
ier faction receiving the highest
nber of votes in the primary to be
first or odd delegate, and the two
didates from the Reform factions
the two candidates from the Con
vative faction receiving the next
est number of votes in the pri
ry to be the remaining four dele
.That in the interest of harmony
ween the factions and a united
ite people we suggest that each can
ate for the Constitutional Conven
pledge himself to abide the result
the primary election under the
s above set forth. The resolu
as were unanimously adopted.
lefore adjourning Chairman White
ended his sincere congratulations
the most happy solution of a very
mong the delegates were Represen
yes W. N. Elder, Dr. T R.
-ethers, Commissioner J. C. Wil
'n, Senator D. E. Finley and most
he Reform leaders Conservatives
-e present from most of the clubs.
he Mikdo of Japan is fonl of fo:>thall.
'rince Bismarek is partly of Slav origin.
dron Albert Rothsehild is one of the best
'ss playrs in Vienna.
,x-Presidenlt of France Casimir-Parler in
ds to spend the summer travelini in Italy
'he press of Japan show:- its reapn~itfor
Mikao by p~rintinl' his na:Ln always im
iv the death the othe' day of .a':= C v'
I Goveror Frank Brown, of Marylandt
ield Marshal Lord Rberts. "0 ir'
.he most popular military man in E-.&i~,
I his portrait is in great demand.
3jsmarch~ declare~s that hi' is .a n'atura.
reter, and thay slightest, implen ling
1,nge of weather !~sugst to him the n--rl
I. Alfred Copus is sail t-o be the' really
ig literary man o[ Ei.an-li'- H h-t- pu'
bied several noveln wvhieh have bo ' v
Lord Woseley wa3s s'xty-two y.ara ci 1 on
ne 4. He entered the army ini 1352. wae
Lde a Peer in 1882 and rfr Fie'A M tr.:'it '>n
rv 26, 18I.
The Czarina of Russia i-i fond o[ 5swfim
Lng. and to ind'ige in it i.. havmn' a h'ath
white marble made in the Winter !'dlin
Andrew Carnegie has su;s'ribl &4) I
e anom alreadyv raised f., _a ted''n n
D . S. F. Smith. au'tho:~ ; ---.nri
atiinga tota' of ;$2 03.
Carls Alexandesi, the Cania: 1 p t
euding ibt a-n >n ,..idrl.~ th :1 h > '
O-to sar,:-al miillion d101im- wa d t
vversiOn to her children, from a rich me
-a Dn A andra Slar o1 Madrid.
THE COTTON MOVEMENT
Nearly Eight Million Bales at the
The cotton year for 1895 is rapidiy closing
and it be-gins to be possible to figure out just
where each of the ports stand in regard to re
eeipts. The crop was, of course, as was long
ago knowu, the largest ever made, but it is
stiil interesting to observe the directions id
wh sh it moved. With the increased number
of biales every port should have shown some
considerable increase in its receipts, but this;
as will be seen from the statistics, is not al
ways the case. At the very beginning of the
year it became apparent that Galveston and
New Orleans were forging far ahead of any
thing they ever did before, and this record
they have maintained steadily down to the
present time. So great was the increase :L
the receipts at Galveston that this year it re
ceived nearly as many bales as New Orleans
did last year. New Orleans, however, ii the
meautime was making a like advance, and
still easily maintains her supremacy as the
chief cotton port of the world. For some
months during the height of the season the
South Atlantic ports, with the exception of
Poit Royal, showed a decline, but recently
thev have not only regained what was lost,
but'have run considerably ahead. Port Boyal,
however, shows the largest increase of any of
them, her receipts running up from 77,000
bales in 1894 to 158.000 this year, a clear gain
of80,000 bales. This is, of course, attribu
table to the establishment of direct com
naioication with Europe, and the excellent
and enterprising management of the Port
Roy.l aud Augusta Road since it was taken
out of -the hands of the CentraL. Oharlesto,
now shows a gain of 22,000 bales and Savan
nah 49,000 over last -ear. Wilmington has
pulled up forty odd thouvand and Brunswick
about ten thousand less.
The receipts at the Virginia ports have
been prao'ically fne zame as those of 1894.
While Norfolk shows a ,ols'derable decline
West Point has forged ahead more than
et ough to make up the deficit. All of thd
Eastern points show slight increases except
Boston. which for anunaccountable reason i
reported as having fallen two hundred thoun
sand bales. The total receipts reported up
to date are 7.892,167, as aganst 5 Wo,082 for
the same day in 1894. The iol towing is a
comparative statement ct the receipts up to
last Friday at all of the leading American
Galveston. I,65 I. I0%76S
New Orleans, 2^676
Sharleston. 42,47 1.64
Baltimore, 112,25 6
New York, 187,636 118,61
Boston. Sam 100.18
NwportNews, IR 4P,56 1
wPo &intIi 286,01 W3.119
103,64.4 7 1460
P et Royal,
THE LABOR WORLD.
London has 200,000 factory girls.
Japanese workmen wear on their backs an
Inscription describing their business.
Vermont has 24,894 persons employed in
its factories and turns out an annual product
valued at $30,340,066.
Men attending the pans in salt works are
never known to have chalery, small pox,
scarlet fever or influenza.
Miss Jessie Gray, a young Scotch woman.
has been appointed sanitary inspector of
women's workshops in Islington, London.
Canadian carpet manufacturers are com
plaining of the competition of carpets and
rugs made by prison labor in British India.
The American flint glass workers have ac
cepted last year's scale, except engravers,
who were reduced ten to twenty per cent. on
The International Bakers' Unions have in
vited the Independent Bakers' Unions to join
them in their efforts in trying to have the
bakers' laws strictly enforced.
Missouri, by her Supreme Court, has de
clared unconstitutional the law which placed
restrictions upon the discharge of men be
longing to labor organizations.
Five thousand three hundred and sixty
three white men and 40,888 natives are em
ployed in the sixty-se'ven gold mines at the
Rand. Transvaal. South Africa.
The manufacturers of iron and steel
sheets in the Pittstburg district signed a new
wage scale for the year beginning July 1,
which assures work for 20.000 men.
The Bellaire (Ohio) Nail Works Company
notifed its 1030 employes of a ten per cent.
iicrease in wages to take effect August 1.
This made the second increase since last
In Philadelpha and Baltimore alone 900
garment-makers have received an increase in
their wages. Following these two industries
comes that of the oil wells of Pennsylvamia,
which has also obtained a great spurt.
The statistics of strikes occuring in Eng
land from 1888 to 1894 show that the percent
age of successful strikes has fallen from for
t-eight to seventeen per cent. in that time.
'hat method of righting wrongs seems to be
growing rapidly less successful.
Buyers of iron and steel seem to have
finally abandoned the extremely conserva
tive position they have been holding for the
past year or two. All large consumers are
now contracting for more material and sup
plies than the orders in hand call for.
In Paris male domestic servants are en
couraged to marry, as they are observed to
be more settled and attentive to their duties
than when bachelors. In London such mar
riges are discouraged, as rendering ser
vants more attentive to their own families
than t o those of their masters.
The National Tube Works and Rolling
Mills of McIeespert, Penn., emp)loying 4500
men madle an advance in the wages of its
emloes last month of 12K per cent. This
is ased on ordlers ahead and the prospect of
a heavy dlemaind for pipe from the North
Clayton County, Ga. for 16 to 1.
Clayton county, Ga., has orgaidxed an
enthsiastih leagr~e of bimnetallists, an-d has
namedl a strong delegat ion of representaV'ave
democrats to attend the state bime-allie con
vention at Griffin.
The following resolutions, introduced by
Mr. J. A. Morrow, were unanimously adopt
"dResolved, 1,That this organization shall
be known as the Clayton County Bimeta!!ic
-'eslved 2, That we are unequivocally
opposed to tile 'single gold standard policy
now maintained by this government at the
expense of industrial progress and commer
"Resolved. 3, That the joint standard of
both gold and silver is the only just moneta
r basis: it is the money of the constitution
a'nd, prior to 1873, prevailed in this great
coutry to the advancement of progress and
to the prosperity of its people: and ..he pub
lic iterests can only be satisfactorily pre
se-ved by its full and complete restoration.
"Resolved. 4, That In accordance with our
right and duty of citizenship we -respectfully
demand at tbe hands of our represenu~tives
in congress that this standard, as it existed
pior to the demonetization act of 1873, be
restored to us; and to this end we pledge
ourselves, and by these presents league oar
selves together to support these principles
and do everything in our power to secure
the remonetization of silver at a rat'o of 16 t o
1, and independently of any other nalios.
Big Fire at Oswego, N. Y.
At Oswego, N. Y., several building on
East Second street. occupied by mnercatntile
firms, were destroyed by fire. The Iona was
*153,000 and insurance ~*80,450. Mrs. Isaac
Bond, forty-Seven years old, was seriously
BILL ARFS LETTER.
ii DISCOUBSES UPON THE SUB.
JECT OF BABIES.
lie Is Much Pleased that Womankind
Love Them so Much.
That was a pretty Persian rhyme which
"A new-born child lay crying
While all around were smiling;
An aged man was dying
And peacefully was smiling
While all around were crying."
Sir William Jones put it in better verse:
"On parent knes, a naked new-born child
Lay weeping, while all around it smiled.
3o live that, sinking in thy last long sleep
alm thou mayest sm'le wh le all around thee
What is more wonderful or more beautiful
than the maternal instinct-what an attraction
loes a birth in the family have for all the sex,
the women and children, girl children I mean,
the men and the boys rhow no great concern.
rhe babes would have a hard an i perilous time
if entrusted to them. Babes are born every
lay, every hour, by the thousand. It is the
most common and universal event that con
wrns our humanity. It is more common than
eath, for more come into the world than go
Dut it every year, and yet the excitement of a
birth goes on and is a big thing with matrons
d with maids. For a few days past I have sat
In my veranda and ruminated, for the women
ome and go and the ne'ghbori Eend flowers
ind kind messages and the girl ch ldren come
to see the b&by, an:i the tiniest one wants to
hold it in her arms. Verily, it looks like .this
was the first and the last one that ever was born.
hethree great events of our life, our birth
d marriage and death, are ministered to
by woman. What a sad affair would either be
without her presence, her care and sympathy.
The wonder is that she can go through the or
deal that Providence has assigned her, and be
io contented, so calm and serene. What moth
er ever harbors gloomy fears or forebodings
bout her infant child? How hopefully they
look upon the future, how happy in the love of
her offspring. The poet says:
"A mother is a mother still,"
The holiest thing alive."
And she is. I wiih that I was as good, as
true and as loving as the average mother in
this land. I wish that I wasas mro of hetven.
fost of them have a child up there, and they
still treasure every smile, every dimple, every
ong, and in their waking dreams realiz3 what
the poet so beautifully said:
"Oh, when a mother meets on high
The habe she lost in infancy,
Bath she not then for pains and fears,
The day of woe, the watchful night,
For all her sorrows, all her tears
An overpayment of delight?"
The maternal instinct! The never fading
ove of children. My wife is serenely happy
now for there is another child to look after.
and she moves around with ner old alacrity. I
used to help her with her own, but my time is
out. As old man Calder said after the first
batte of Manasas, "I have fit enough." r
used to tote the little chap around the room
sometimes half the night and sing my little
song until I wore it out, and at times I felt like
the tired parent who hogged his little boy to
his bosom andiaid: "I wouldn't take a mil
lion dollars for you-no I wouldn't-but I
wouldn't give a nickel for another." It is
a weary business-nursing and caring for
a little child. But it is a part of the
bargain, and has to be done, and it has
Itsrewards. The more thi father helps with
th children the better he loves them and
the more they love him. The country peo
ple, as a rule, have no nurses for their children
except the members of the family, and their
devotion to the little help-ess ones is beautiful.
The baby in a country home is common prop
erty. All nurse it and the father does his
share when he comes from the field. Go to a
country church on Sunday and see how many
fathers are not ashamed to "tote the child"
and keep it while preaching is going on. Why
shouldnt he? It shows his love to the child
and his loyalty to his wife. The average
farmer has not a very wide field for his ambi
tion. Ee is not seeking fame or office or
riches. He has no longings for going to New
fork or Washington or crossing the ocean. His
hope and desire is limited to his family and his
farm, and he looks to God for rain and sun
shine. There is nothing that weans him from
his wife and children or that gets between him
and themi. Sometimes he takes the family to
town in the big wagon, and somietimes the chil
dren go with him to the mill, and on Sundays
all go to mieetinzr, and so the weeks and months
roll on -provingthe truth of the poet's lines-'
"Happy the man whose wish and care
A few paternal acres bound."
It is given to but few men in this world to do
anygreat thing. but all can be happy if they
will be content nith their humble lot. I used.
to envy the rich and great, bus I do not now.
As a general rate grief and sorrow are the per
quisites of riches an I of fame. Great men are
rarely blessed with loving children. Not long
ago one of our noblest men found himself face
to ace at Delm'in co's with a drunken son. His
mortification was intense and the lincs of
trouble still linger n his face. The pressure
of public affars and t o constant struggle to
keep up socially and politically consumed the
time that should have been devoted to his
children. In sneh cares the muothr is their
only saf guarIl. She may do all she can, but
she cann:>t na'ch her boys when they get mn
their teens. She can I ,ve ani pray and chide,
but still they will a ray away. It is pitiful to
see the breaking cof a mother's heart over a eon
who is on trial fcr his life. How closely does
she cling to h'm when all the world is against
him. I remember oec a widow who sold her
cow and her htitle furniture and thenwent from
store to store begginr fo -a little more money
to take her to Arkansas to see her son who was
in jail for munbtr. Her devotion saved his
life, but not his liberty, and she was thankful.
for she found some work near by and could
visit him in his prison and comfort hin *with
her love and blessing. What an awful thing
it must be to have no one to love you, and yet
the e are thousands of such in the prisons of
the land. Nothing was so touching in Gover
nor Atkinson's affliction than his respite of a
man who was to be hung-his tender thought
while on the brink of the grave of a poor
wretch who was begging for his life. Dan
Voorhees once hurried to a distant state to de
fend a young man accueed of murder, and he
saved him for his widowed mother's sake, be
cause her father had been good to hinm when he
was young and poor. If we men do not have
love in our hearts like a mother's, we honor it
and respect it and admire it all the more.-BIru
An in Atlanta Constitution.
MRS. O'LEARY DEAD.
Owned the Cow Alleged to Have Caus
ed the Great Chicago Fire.
Mrs. Catherine O'Leary td ,at Chicago
last week. She was +.4e owner of the frac
tios cow which in a barn in the rear of No.
137 De Coven street on a me~morable nighte
In October, 1871, kIcked over a lim and
started a blaze which cost Chicago 3,0
000. Since the night of that historiceofa
rtion Mrs. O'Leary's life was emhtttendI
the popular belief that she was indireetly
responsible for the loss of life and enormous
destruaion of property. She denied the
story vigorously and the committee which
~nvestgated the fire and cause made amda
vits that the allegations about herslf, the
cow and lamp were not true.
he potential militia of this country
includes all males from eighteen to
forty-four years, and in 1890 the num
ber was 13.230,168.
nec traqe or the seven Australian coloales
decline nn0n00n00 In 1I0 - --'