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TRI-WEEKLY EDI"I O1~ WNNSBOR,O, &C., APRIL 18, 1899.
OVERi E -He would not look well in a novel; He wouldn=t be praised in a play. His bome's ze:ther palace nor hovel; He's only a man of to-day. He couldn't do much with a sabre, If carnage and riot were rite; He merely can suffer and labor A hero of everyday life. He isn't delightfully.daring; He isn't a maiden's ideal, i: -His love and devotion .declaring A heio of ballads and steel. He's merely a man who is fighting The battle of civilized times A ballad that's withering, blighting, Unsung In the troubadour's rhymes. BLACK JOTSC A TALE OF THE o EXAS was my home in my " _ Jr early days, and at the time I am writing about I was en gaged many years ago, in -connection with an old friend, in stocking a sheep farm in Harrison Coun ty, and was on my way west to purchase alarge flcek of an old Mexican settler, with wiom I had been in correspondence. I journeyed along pleasantly enough till, on reaching a settlement on the upper- Brazos, I was somewhat dis turbed by the report of a hunting party of Kioways, who had followed the buffaloes into the range, through which my trail would lead me, my destination being the old "Spanish colony" on the Leon. It was then I was forcibly re 'minded of stories I had heard of the prowess of a famous hunter called Black Johnson, who had often wiped out scores of enemies, single-handed, and.who was the most terrible man in ' all' that region of terrible men. It occurred to me that just then would be a good time to fall in with Black Johnson, and have him for a traveling companion. But I had to push on alone. I had passed the buffalo range in aafety, and there was not an Indian, I nupposed, within leagues of me, when one evening, being encamped on the narrow strip of timber skirting a small spring brook, my horse broke from 1is tether, and escaped from me into hle. open prairie. This made it nee -sary for me to. leave my shelter is ufillin I hadn gn iae fa n Theard 't distant whoop, and, ning the wide plain, perceived ye horsemen riding.at a fast gallop toward me, and was startled at the discovery of their being Indians. I lost no timee in reaching the spot where I had 1ft -my ride and pistols,. ,and immediately proceeded to take such hasty measures for defense as I -ould. Where I had made my bivouac the s ream formed a small curve, and ran deep between its banks. I in atantly availe d myself of this fortun ate lay of the ground, and, snatching up my weapons, took my position be hind the bank, which reached above my breast, and awaited the approach of ,the savages. It was not long be idie:'they were upon me. But ere they-had discovered my position I had leveled my trasty rifle, andJ dropped1 the foremost fudian fro:n his sadde. Seeing this, the other painted imps, letting fly a volley of arrows, dis mounted from their beasts, and filling the little grove with mad yells, charged upon me. Ihad now nothing but my two sin gle-barreled pistols remaining, and no time to reload my rifle. But as the eavages rushed toward mec 1 gave them a sh'ot from one of my pistols, and snatching up my ride again, as if it contained a charge, leveled it at them. This ruse checked them for an instant, and they sought the cover of the small growth, from which they! directed their guns upon my shelter, waiting only for a sight of my head to fire. T1wice I drew their shots by the old artifice I had somewhere read of, of raising my hat upon the end of my rifle. But the cunning savages soon detected the cheat, and pressed closer and-closer upon me. They were ex tremely wary in their movements, and were careful not to expose any part of their painted carcasses to my aim. It was at this point of the fight that I withdrew my empty rifle, and was -hastily charging it. while my empty pistol. was deposited at hand upon the bank, when I heard a cautious and s tealthy tread along the bottom of the brook in my rear. So startled was I at this unexpected addition to my enemies, that in my agitation. I let the powder fall from theipalm.of my hand to the ground. I knew that four Indians were still in front of me in the thicket, for they could not have reached the stream un perceived by me. Nearer and quicker approached the steps behind me, and 1now was about to leap upon the bank,.- and, giving all up for lost, throw myself upon the fire of the sav ages in front. I had sprung upon a decayed log for that purpose, when a powerful grasp was laid upon my shoulder, and I was borne to the ground. Before I could perceive my new as sailant a voice whispered in my ear, "Keep down, stranger, or them var mints'1l make daylight shine through yer brain pan. 'I reckon you and I'll be good for them i-ed cusses!" And before I could recover from this sudden surprise the new-coiner raised a long, double-barrelled rifle and fired twice in quick succession, and I knew from the mingled yells of *rage and pain that followed that each *hot had takqs effet .00KED: His smile is a ruse to keep hidden From those to his heart ever dear The phantoms that greet him unbidden, The future he's tempted to fear; His life Is a constant endeavor To keep their eyes turned to the light, To seem to be happy whatever The praspect of darkening night. He's really but one of the many, Determined and patient and bold, Whose struggle's as noble as any By poet or novelist told. And later, when Time writes the story Of those who've been valiant in strife, A page will be due tv the glory Of herces of everyday life. E. F., in the Chicago Evening Post. )T, THE SCOUT. rEXAS FRONTIER. The next instant the stranger leaped past me up the bank, and was en gaged in a hand-to-hand struggle with the remaining two savages. He made short work of it, for before I could reach the spot he had them at his feet, and was in the act of stripping their paint-beclaubed scalps from their skulls. This done, he turned to the wounded savages he had shot from be neath the bank and served them in the same way, and then made a finish of them with his knife. "I reckon, stranger, that 'ere other scalp of right belongs to you," said he, as he pointed his dripping blade toward the body of the savage I had dispatched before his opportune ar rival. "Are there any more of the var. mints about?" inquired my rescuer. as he deliberately proceeded to wipe out and recharge his rifle. "Here's one, two, three, four, five on 'em; is that all?" "Yes," saiL T; "there were but five of them. And now, my friend, I must thank you for your timely aid, without which I am sure I should not be among the living." "What would you thank me for, stranger? Why, it's my bis'ness to kill the red varmints. I've followed it all my life, and I reckon I'd rather do it than eat any time. Cuss 'em! they wiped out my poor father and my only sister, and I owes 'em a grudge all their scalps can't satisfy. I seed the varmints making a dash for the bottom here, and I knowed they wan't arter no good. I reckoned they'd ecented you out-for I'd diskivered yer trail two days ago-and I knowed I a lone traveler'd be sure to draw the varmints out, and so I followed arter yer." I had now leisure to take a survey e? .my preserver. He w;s ia idokag~iaivisuT,~inouTHiiddl&aged, with a tall, muscular person, which was clothed in awell-greased and shiny suit of buckskin that had evidently seen much rough service. About his waist was a broad leathern belt, in which were a couple of heavy cavalry pistols, a keen, long-handled hatchet, and the scabbard of the heavy bowie kuife he had just been using so skil fully. These, ,with his long two-bar relied rie, costituted a very efficient armament for one person to carry con tinually about him, To one unaccus tomed to them they would prove a rather heavy burden. But the stran ger appeared not the least incommo ded by them, and moved with all the lightness and grace of a young Indian warrior beneath his quiver of arrows. In place of a hat the stranger wore on his head a sort of turban, made from folds of a piece of figured calico, which, confining his sandy locks upon the top of his head, brought his bold and rather handsome features into strong relief. But the most attractive features about his face were a pair of large, prominent gray eyes that seemed to take in every c'bject about him at a single glance. In their calm, yet penetrating gaze I can compare them to nothing but the eyo of a half-do mesticated eagle. Such was the ap pearance of this man, as with one foot resting upon the breast of the savage he had last scalped he was leisurely recharging his weapons. "I reckon, stranger," commenced my new companion, as he returned the last pistol to his belt, "yer'd better gather up yer traps and jine me at my camp to-night; and in the morning we can ride in company-that is to say as if 'twould be agreeable to you." I assured him that nothing would give me greater satisfaction. "Bat,' saidlI, "perhaps our trails don't run in the same direction." "~Where mought yer be bound?" "To the Spanish colony," Ianswered. "Ah, that's fortunato! My frill runs through the same settlement. So we'll catch that runaway nag of yourn, and put out to my camp. It's but a little way from here in this same creek bottom." In another half hour we had arrived at his camp, and after a relishing sup per of "hump" and marrow bones I spread my blanket, and was soon for getful of the exciting incident of the day. Whether my companion slept or not I cannot say, for when I awoke at dawn he was already about, having changed the feeding-place of the horses, and prepared a fragrant roast of buffalo fish for an early breakfast. Partaking of the repast, we were soon on our way to the Leon, the belts of timber which skirted the river being plainly visible from the swells of the prairie as we rode along. I found my fellow-traveler, though not very loquacious, a very sensible and pleasant companion. He was familiar with every foot of the ground over which we traveled, and said that he had camped on every water-course, river and spring branch between the Red River, of Louisana and Mexico. But in all his conversation he never used an egotistical remark. His modesty was remarkable, and, beyond what he had taid of killing Indians atr tht skirmish At my 4aJma he made no reference to his ever befor being engaged in a fight. The sun had scarcely passed th" meridian when we came in sight of th settleme,t of the old Spanish colony and my companion pointed out to me in the edge of the river bottom, th, thatched roofed rancho of Don Panch Diego, the Mexican with whom I ha contracted for a thousand head o yearling ewes. Soon we had passed th extensive corrals, in which large flock of sheep were nightly driven, and rod up to the low porch of the Mexican' dwelling. No persons were movin about, and it was evident the oc cupants were enjoying their post prandial siesta. "Good-evening, friends!" shoute< my companion; and his voice arouse< a pack of shaggy shepherd dogs, who gathering from the numerous out buildings, quickly called the peon and their master to the door. "Down, down, dogs!" cried an ol< leather-clad Mexican, as he kicked tl. noisy animals from his path, and ap proached us, still rubbing the sleel from his eyes. "Ah, it is you, my good friend Don Thomas?" said the old man grasping the hand of my companion who had not yet dismounted, coverini it. with kisses, and expressing the ut most delight at seeing him. While the Mexican still clung to th< Texan's hand an old matron rushed from the house, and with a cry of un bounded joy seized upon my friend', other hand, and hugging his leg gave vent to the most extravagant ex pressions of satisfaction. Nor wer( they satisfied with this demonstrativ( welcome, for when the Texan at lengtl released himself from their embrace. long enough to dismount, they agair renewed the charge, and throwinn themselves upon his neck, almos smothered hiu with their warm sa lutes. After these transports were ove; the Texan introduced me to the 3yex ican, and informed him that I was the Harrison County gentleman who ba been in corresponder.ce with him it relation to purchasing a flock of shcp. I also received a kin<<ly welcome, aud. peons taking our nimals, we were led into the house. "Ah, Don Thomas!" exclaimed the old lady, after we had been seated, "we are so happy to see you again." And then botl she and her husband, speaking toget}.er, commenced a lon; story, how the Texan had saved iheii ives a few years before, when theit :anche had been attacked by a thicv ing band of Comanches. According :o their account, he, with a small party of rangers, had performed won ders of valor, for, coming upon the eettlement after the savages had al ie1ittacked more than ten times nis own numbers, and slaying more than half of them, saved the lives of the entire settlement, since which the In dians had not ventured to return. During this recital I observed my companion sat uneasily in his chair, and seemed impatient of his own praises. "Tut, tat, my good friends, you lay it on too thick!" said he, as they con .luded their earnest talk. "Yer see, stranger, I and some of the boys hap pened along here a few years ago, when we discovered a party of red kins plundering the ranohes, ani what could we do but drive 'em off that's ali. To be sure it was a pretty warm fight, and some of the boys got hurt, but after all 'twa'n't nothing t brag on." "And he saved my life yesterday,' said I to the Mexicans; and then] repeated the occurrence of the previ ous day, adding that I had not ever yet heard the name of my preserver "You cannot have been long ii Texas," said Don Pancho, "if yoi have not heard the name of Thoma: ohnson, usually called Black John son. Then let me introduce you gentlemen." "Black Johnson," I repeated. "C yes; I- have indeed heard his nam< before." And then came freshly t< mind the anecdotes I had heard o this brave Texan. LiTTLE SERMONS FROM DiCKENS Let there be union among us. Philosophers are only men in armo: after all.. Ride on over all obstacles and wit the race. A man never knows what he can di till he tries. Energy and determination? have dont wonders many a time. There is aprovidence in everything eerything works for the best. In journeys, as in life, it is a grea deal easier to go down hill than up. You must expect to go out, somi day, like the snuff of a candle; a ma can die but once. Among men who havG hund an< sterling~qualities, there is nothing s contagious as pure openness of heart Niagara's New Bridge. From the materials which com prised the old suspension bridge a Niagara Falls, which has recentl: gven way to a larger and more pre tentions span structure, anothe bridge will be reared over the sam stream some distance below. 'Ihe cowers and approaches of th new bridge have been completed an all is ready for the stringing of th cables and the erection of the iron The site will be on the spot near th village of Lewiston, N. Y., and thr quaint old town of Queenston, Out. where in 1850-51 a suspension bridg< was built to connect the Laewisto: Mountain with the historie Queens ton Heights, into the soil of ghiel the blood of the brave Canadian, Gen eral Brock, soaked when he fell moi tally wounded. The old bridge we manyyears ahead of the profitable de mands of the times, and when it wa destroyed it was never after ward re knila.Philadeinhia Reord LOST THE PH IPPINES. HOW PORTUGAL WAS: DEPRIVED OF THE ISLANDS.BYSPAIN. l n:unantic Voyage of Magellan Which I;e:t.lted in Their Discovery- But for an Accident. They . Dight Have Fallen 3nuo the 7Iands:; of Great Britain. We who see Portugal.ij the period of her decay and almost,total eclipse s cannot uncerstand hd*-, so small a l nation, occupying so "isignificant a portion of .Europe, "onlf a' veranda " - a- one of her writers has said-should cut so important a figure in the I w rld's history as shra,id in the fif J teenth and sixteenth cenilries. Early in the eleventh century Prince - Henry, "the navigator,' of Portugal, 9 obtained from Pope 'ugenius IV a buli which gave to Portugal all dis 1 coverios between Cape Hun, in Mo rocco, and India. In 1472, St.Thomas Aunobon and Prince'.islands were alied. When the equator was passed and Fernando Po gave his name to an island in the Bight of Biefra he seized 50.) leagues of the African. coast and the King of Portugal took the title of "Lord of Guinea." Very early in the days of discovery and conquest, toward the; end of the liftecnth century, the ihost Catholic sovereigns of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, and his equ'ally Catholic mac sty, John II of Portugal, fell out about the ownership of land yet to be -discovered. Like faithful children of the church they referred the whole matter to the Holy Father at Rome, Pope Ale-.an der VI, a Spaniard, who cut the Gordian knot by giving th:n the earth and setting the limits of their respec t.e possessions. An imaginary line was to br drawn from pole to po:e,100 degrees west of the Azores or the Cape de Verde Islands; all west of this islatd was to belong to Spain, and all east of it to Po.rtugal. King John was not satisfied, and the treaty of Tordeselhas was made in 1494, giv ing to Portugal all lands east of an imaginary line drawn: 360 leagues from the most western point of the Cape de Verde islands and all .south of the Cape of Good Hope. To Spain was allotted all lands west of this line, ignoring completely all other nations. Fernando de Magalbaes, or, as we as we write it, Ferdinand Magellan, and Buy Faleiro, both Portuguese sub: jects, who had differentes with their king on account of som-e petty pen sions, offered their services to Spain. Both had served two years with Al buquerque, and knew all about, the Portuguese possessions in the est. Magellan represente, a fsxL-M - paim, tnat he-t was sure the world was round-a theory then credited by few. He de clared his ability to find a shorter pasrage to the East than any known to the Portuguese, and would prove that the Moluccas, rich spice islands, were within Spanish te-ritory. Charles t had a small fleet fitted out and sent Magellan with his companion in rharge, vrell equipped for those days. He went south against the express sapulations of the treaty and discov ered the straits which bear his name. di; decet crossed the b'oad southern 1reau. patssd the Ladrones, and the the unknown ?'hilhppines, inspected the M.o uceas and returned by way of * ape of Good Hope. . agellaa lost his life, and out of odvce esels which comprised his fleet, ouir one0 returned, under the comn m.t.d of Sebastian del Cano, who b ought Magellan's written report of the expeditionl and a map of the route, show'ing that all of the spice islands and the wuole of the Indian ocean were within the 180 degrees belong ing to Spain under the treaty of Tor deseihas. In the map Magellan bad - dliibe:atecly ent 40 degrees of longi tude and bronght the whole archipela go within Spain's half of the world. He concealed the fact that the number of miles in a degree of longitude de creases towards the pole. Por tugal protestea a'nd declared war, which continued two years, when the celebrated "Congress of Notabilities" was held in a small frontier town to discuss the matter and discover the real facts. Portugal was at a mani fest disadvantage. Magellan was the first and only man who had sailed around the world, and his map of the southern seas was the only document extant. Spain refused to give up her alleged rights and Portugal held on to the islands. Ihe matter was finally .compromised by an indemnity of 250. '000 cruzados of the gold of Molucca, which Portugal paid to Spain for the tspposed 47 1-2 degrees of Span[.h sea which sho held. A newv line was Sdrawn frome pole to pole, starting ifrom the La irones. This division gave to Portugal all west and south of t ae line, which was supposedto be 180 2 deg ees from the other'line drawn, .36 ) leagues wvest of Cape de Verde. This treaty was approved by Pope Julian II in the bull, Ea quo pro bono - paci.x, and the matter was set le.l t Years afterwards a Spanish expedi Stiou dliscovered the Philippines, so -nmed after Philip U1, who *as then e King of Spaiu. These islands. though *'mauv degrees witbin Portugal's line, wer tae possessiou- of by Sp;ain. B P:tugal protested, and would un I doubtedly have obtained possession Sof them had it not been for the dlisas -ter to the Portuguese arms in Africa, a which threw Portugal into the hands of Spain, where she remained for ,sixt.y years. This period is known in SPortuguese history as the "Sixty 1 ears of Captivity." - When Portugaljinalg regaiined her 1 idependence she was much weakenced. - and was more interested in settling - the bminudaries north and south of her s valuable South Ame:iean colouies, so - Uhe Philippines remained with Spain ibrought laches rather than by right. *Had Portugal retained them~ it is more i .na 1lake that thbar-lika many othes of her Eastern possessions, would have fallen into the hands of the Eug lish, and the-r whole history would have been chinged. BOYS IN THE NAVY. Naval Apprentices anti Their Life at a Training Station. "Apprentices of the United States Navy" is the title of an article in St. Nicholas that is sure to be read with attention by every boy who thinks of a life at sea as an attractive alternative to a career on land. Almo t every boy by this time knows of battleships and cru sers of torpe does and torpedo-boats, and of the gallant odicers and jolly Jack Tars who man the f:hips; but it is safe to say that there are few indeed who hare ever heard of the young naval appi ea tice, the work which he has to do, and what his chances are for the future. It is enough at present to say that he is an entiste t boy, who by means of a great .deal of drill and training de ve.ops gradually into a most efficient and useful man on board of our mod ern ships. Although, as already sta ed, the apprentice can never hope to become a commissioned officer, there are wa .y positions of trust and honor in the service that are open to him, if he but applies himself to the tasks assigned to him day by day, and is awake to the opportunities that are sure to turn up for him. The boys at the truuiuig statio: truly may be said to live in a little world of their own, for they do not need to go outside of their own circle to find any of the needs of life. At certain hours of the day they frmv a well regulated school in which thes are taught all the elements of science. English, and matheutatics-enoagh to enable them to understand thor ougaly and to handle intelligently the various fittings and armament of a modern man-of-war. Well informed and thoroughly prac tical odicers are stationed there to in struct the apprentices in all the dril:s and maneuvers used by seaman atloat and ashore, including infantry, ligut artillery, seamanship in all its forms both theoretical and practical -the several kinds of signaling used in the service, the handling of boats under steam, oars and sails, and the use of sword and gun in the arts of fencing and of bayonet exercise. At Newport is the only important torpedo station of our governneut, and it is therefore convenient for the apprentices to be taught, while there, the mode of constructing a torpedo, and the proper care and handling of the -same. regularly for duty among the boys, and to look after the:a in any way he may think most coud:tcive to their highest moral improvement. Every Sunday the boys are assembled on deck to join in a regular church wor ship, presided over by the chaplain, and it is a most interesting sight to see several hundred boys of tender age, all in the same biue uniform, joining heartily in the service. Those with voices worthy of any cultivation are assignel t > the choir, and they en.oy this honor quile as much as any of the several privileges that fall to thcir lot. At eertain other ti:nes, in the evenings, during recreation periods, they are permitted to assem ble for any kind of innocent amuse ment, and one of the most popular pastimnes among them seems to be dancing. The spacious deck is cleared, and there, to the music of an orchestra formed fr-o~m their own number, they trip together the "light fantastic." It is well that there are some such pleasures for the young boys, for otherwise the hardships and discipline cf the service would become most irksome. Every spring and summer the ap prentices are taken aboard some of the oldler vessels of the navy and are sent abroad for a cruise, during v.hichi, under effcient ollicers, they are taught the full duties of seamen atloat. All the theory of seamanship and gunuery is :hen reduced to practic ,and the apprentis es are put through the evo lutions of furling. reefing, and loos ing sail, of abanducing ship, and of aiming and firing the guns on board, antiquated thongh they may be. Deltas and Early CivilizMion. A solution of the problem why the earliest known civilizations those of Babylonia, Egypt and China -should all have made their appear ance in the deltas of great rivers has at last been suggested1. It has been shown that clay, which fo: p)ractical purposes is insoluble in water, will nevertheless combine with it to a cec tain extent, remaining in a state of suspension known as colloidloi or gel atinous. In this condition it has the carious property of ab:so bing like a sponge any crystalizable salts, as, for instam. e, those of nitrogen. But if into the water containing this colloidal clay a salutio'n of common salt be pauired, tu:e clay,with the nitrogenous saits that it holda ;ike a trap, will in stantly be thrown down as a woolly precipitate. Now,this is exactly what happens wi L a great river like the Ni:e. During it3 yeriodic floods it holds in solution a large quantity of colloidal clay. This clay in its turn attracts from the air quantities of the nitrogen, which is, as Sir Williatu Crookes has lately informed us, tine life of plants. On meeting the salt water of the sea this clay, with its im prisoned nitrogen, is thrown and re mains behind as a delta composed of the idleal soi! for the raising of cereals. And that the introduction of cereals has always boeu the first condition of civilized life needs no demonstration. Thme traditions of every nation have al warvs made their civilizer or "'culture goi" the i.eron who tirst tanght thm 'RUNNING THE GAUNTLET TREATMENT OF PRISONERS AFTER THE FORT DEARBORN MASSACRE. rhe Pecital of Simon Pokagon, Son of the Chief Pokaron, Who Was Present -The Terrible Trials of a Young Mother -Her Rescue and Return to Her Home. One special feature of Harper's iaazine is an article entitled "The Massacre of Fort Dearborn at Chica go. Gathered from Traditions of the Indian Triues Engaged in the \Jas sac e, and the Published Accounts." The article derives exceptional inter est from the fact that it is written br Cuief simon Pokagon who is a son of the Chief Pokagan who was pres ent at. the massacre. The author ob tained most of the material for his article from an Indian of his tribe who was present at Fort Dearborn, and who died two years ago at the ad- I vanced age of 110 years. After de scribing the massacre, he says : Nearly all the rest of the prisoners were taken north to Green Bay, Wis consin. In order not to shield my own people fcom blame, I give the followi:g account of their usage and fiaal disposal. We must fancy our selves at the Pottawatomie village on Green Bay, Wisconsin, two handred mles from Chicago. Ten days have Iasscc since the battle. There comes along the winding trails from the south a long line of dusky warriors on their return home. They have in i guard several white prisoners. Among them is a fair young pale-faced moth er, carrying an infant child about five months old. The inhabitants of the viilage have been informed they are com ing, and are swarming out to meet them. They learn from them that many of their friends have been kiled on the warpath. Hark! hear their tiailing and cursing; and see they nov: seek revenge by pulling the prisouei s' hair and cuffing them. The The women and children of the vil lage come marching out of the camp with sticks and clubs. They are form ing in two long single lines, facing each other a few feet apart. They have ordered the prisoners to run the gauntlet. One by one they rush down between the lines of the women and children,while savage blows are rained down upon them thick and fast, amid lauguing, yelling and cursing. There stands near the head of the tines, ap parently unmoved. the young mother with her chiid. Is it possible they will compel her to run the gauntlet, too? Yes, see, they are ord,ing her forward now! Sne looks down be tween the long lines of uplifted sticks and -clubs, folds her blanket close si en. prayer. en s ., - ning between the lines while the blows :.ll thick upon her head and shoulders. The race is run; she passes the goal bruised and bleeding, but the child, thank Heaven! remains un touched. There she stands, without a sigh, without a tear, expecting no pity and asking no mercy. But look once more! An elderly Indian woman goes running towards her, puts her arms about her, and whispers in her ear, "Come, go with me." They go into a wigwam; the Indian feedsther, binds up her wounds, kindly cares for her and saves her life. During the fall and winter that young mother, carrying her child, ac companied by several other pirisoners and the Indian warriors, set out from the village on Green Bay with the promise of being delivered over to the Americans under the regulations of war. They went south around Lake Michigan, then north through theA wilderness of Michigan to Mackiumr Islaud, which she found inthie hands of the English and I::dians. From there she was taken through deep snows, half starved and less than half clothed, still carrying her child, to Detroit. To her disappointment, that place was found in the bands of the English, the race to whom she belonged. Instead pf receiving and taking care of her, the.y allowed her to go away with the Indians to Fort Meigs, where General Harrison was in command of the United States troops. She was de livered to him, and was finally sent home to her parents in Ohio. This~ young mother and the other prisoners traveled over nine hundred miles on foot, carrying her child through a wilderness of deep snows and fierce blzzards. No reasonable excuse has ever been given by the English at Mackinaw for forcing her to be dragged three hundred miles through the woods; and, again, no reasonable excuse has been given by those at Detroit for suffering her to be dragged to Fort Meigs. She was held as a prisoner of war by the allies of the English, and should have been r es cued and taken care of at the first English military station. It does not seem possible that an, wpman could live through what that mother en dured. Giris in Greece. In Greece girls are betrothed at a - .ery early age, and their dowry con sists of household furniture and linen rather than money. Although most Greek girls are naturally very pretty, they hegi: to paint and powder from a very carly ap -the cheeks bright rea, the eyebrowvs and lashes deepest black and veins delicately blue. The result is that they are withered old women at 40, and thus nowhere are ulier females to be found than be neath the blue skies of this classic land. Every Greek family who can aTord to do so keeps a French nurse or maid, for French is almost univer sally spoken in society. Painting and music are quite unnecessary, but girls ae carefully trained in dancing and drilled to conduct themselves with elegance. Lastly, household duties are taught how to make rose jam, Turkish coffee and varigus delicate wee,atn Painless Suicle A man with coat off and long hair fyng in the wind,mounted atelegraph poe at Cottage Grove avenue and Tenty-sixth street one day the other ek. From his waist dangled a log rope. He attached the loose end, oone of the iron climbing spikes and thimself dow 2. Releasing his hold nthe pole he dangled in the air, sus peded by the waist. A policeman frm the Cottage Grove avenue sta, ti rushed across the street and out tman down. "What did you do that for?" he deanded of the long-haired individ 'I wanted to commit suicide," was ecalm reply. If you wanted to commit suicide, y didn't you tie the rope around yor neck Instead of about your ist?" "Why, I couldn't breathe that way," swered the coatless man, as though aounded at the policeman's igno rce. ['he officer called the patrol wagon, and the man with the foot-ball hair s sent to the station. He proved to ea demented patient from one of the spitals in the vicinity..-Chicago urnal. JuBt a Eint. "Father," asked Tommy, the other la, "why is it that the boy is said obe the father of the man?" Mfr. Tompkins had never given this bjer't any thought and was hardly epared to answer offhand. - "Why, why," he said, stumblingly, "t's so because it is, I suppose." "Well," said Tommy, "since I'ni urin father, I'm going to give you a iket to a theatre and half a crown sides. I always said that if I was a aher I wouldn't be so stingy as the et of them are. Go in and have a god time while you're young. I ever had a chance myself." "Mr. Tompkins gazed in blank as tishment at Tommy. Slowly the ~ rnificance of the hint dawned upon - i. Producing the silver coin, he Take it, Thomas. When you1 relly do become a father I hope it - on't be your misfortune to have a a who is smarter than youirseU."-,a t ita