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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, April 20, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067705/1899-04-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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tn the quick--:cming dusk of the tropical
hat was it that barred the way ?
T e colonel, walking tae lines of .the Tenth,
tooped down where a seldier lay.
d h lar, u!-t he guarded still
paper in hi= right hand,
an the colonel said : "This s"0ldier fought
-)1ly under my command.
T is is the man whose voice I heard
I the thick of the battle today:
. lost my regiment. sir-the \inth.
i-f,t with the Tenth. If I may"
; a were falling to right and left.
bullets aronnd us flew :
i I ed'at him sharply: he simply said,
- .duty I'd like to do.'
- dgit so.' 1 answered. 'serve with the
a d he disappeared from si.ht.
The say he fought with a gal!ant wdi;
i sw hi:- no more till tonight.
Waile several of the old court
ben hers were iin the county court
&6u 4e in New York city,the other day,
dIsc ssing a fam ous roisoning case,
St-he ,one called judge inquired:
"S~ nld a lawyer defend a man charged
with: murder when he knows the man
to b' guilty?" This question led to
an j, iinated discussion, which, after
some two hours, was brought to an
end y the judge suddenly exclaim
jg: "Do you see that man?"
- .'' benchers turned their faces in
-"ection indicated by the speaker
time to see a tall, lank man in
attire leave the building.
'eore a word was spoken by any
tye .curious benchers ths judge
said, ws though musing to himself,
thatliin a tone-loud enough for the
otherP to hear:
- grange that I should see that
- jast at this -moment and when we
R-ere .discussiag a-questicn th.t he
"- could'have aniswered. His life, like
h beln a failure, but thank
God"r y regret., though muny; can
aie4r" as bitter as his a-e. He
- uine.I is career as a law-er by. de
en n .a man who hnd confesed that
irlty.of ~murder.'
tus tiie story. exclaimed the
as the. proctor.
es .i ned," began the judge,
itioz, "suggested the solicitor,
.;gerial - smile on his kindly,
acen face, "is responsible for
ed and much evil.- It is am
S- -tmas ade wrecks.' legsl
driftwo , a many of' us. W have
dreame of great deeds in our profes
siob; wi hbv6e -builded fairy castles iu
the'" I -wtile others have by hard
. wook stlcceededl I for one..--'
"TLe storv'! the storv" eic':nel
sei-eral f the benohers.
- he judge, thus urged. told his
S- 'SO , 40 years ago it w as that I
- 9niere the smali courthouse, in a
'Usmall-t(Qwn in the western section of
C p Yqrk. Court was in session,and
the.hushr that had fallen upons the
-' cowdl in the room w-as oppressive.
othing, was hear-d at that time but
-tMh tickipg of the clock an d the breath
- i.pg of t4~e spectators. ' The presiditg
judge wfaslooking up-some legal ques
tion in-the ]aw books'before him. The
opt- at ention 'f the jurors and the
eagerne. s of trhe coun"ef caused me to
r-ealize t a..a trial of md~re thtan ordi
S -nary in er-est and isp~ortance was in
~rogres. . I asked a. bystander what
-- the'cans . 'on ti-ial was He gazed at
ne in su pr9se fo. a momen.t and then
~xclaimae : "You must be, a stranger
a i these ~arter'
C --'''I at ,'I replied. 'I .have just
~ ome hepe froma New York oity to file
a cQmlPint iu.an action of ejeciment'
'hs'replied my iniformant, 'is a
- urder trial, and there.' he pointed in
the.direc ion I was to look. 'is the mari
- --who will jertainly hang.'
-- "I lo'bked at th~e prisoner at the
bar.. H was a good looking young
fellow of about -23 years of age. There
w ~as so. ething in the expression of
his pale ace that convinced mea of his
. Wh' e the tial judge turned over
paGe aft r page of the law books I
-- learned e details of the crimae.
"I leak ned that in his house on the
outskirts of the town, one morning
Stwo mont s before the day of the trial.
T . ohn Pe erkin,a wealthy old man who
- had been it was said, in the habit of
-keeping ar-ge sums of money in his
house, w s found mur-dered. shot in
the back The murdered man had
been seat d when he was shot, for his
chair was overturned sust as he had
fallen fr m it. Peterkin, who was
about t6T years old, lived alone with
his niece a pretty girl about 18 years
old. Sh it was who &iscovered the
murder. When she had sudfliietly re
-covered rom her alarm, the niece,
Mary Pet rkin, aroused the neighbors.
"At fi st it was thought that the
motive of he crime had been robbery,
--but when the police discover.ed that
c,. the&safe, the door of which was un
locked a d -halfway open, containied
SV/--$~ 50 an that the old man's watch
t '-'had..nt een taken, that theoryihad
4 *-r to bes aba doned. For several dais
the case -w a a mystery. Then-it came
to the kno 'ledge of the chief of police
. that Hasd 11 Renidder,the only son. oi
a widow, hose father had beenoit
--master of the little town, hadhbeen
* -. seen arou d the house and-had- suoken
unkiindly o f' old Peterkin. R enidder
was arrest d
- *- "WhenIhalenetismc;
asia the. dgj "h ra ug,wo
-. we: will ea IBak okdu.rm.h
legal book an sad 'Iwlami
'he testim'yobetdo.
1 Whil ug ln a eiwn
Sthe' law stoi ooe tMr
rtkI. h.ad leaed ith ruch,
"One hour ago before ms he stood,
RIs voice was steady an- low.
'1-l1 find my regiment. now. he saii
'I! you'll give me leave toc
"'But t -e capta should thik snIrkeld
Will you write him a line to say
I fought with the Tenth, under your e^m
And have done my duty today ?
"Quickly I wrote (tis paper would show
He had done his solditrly part):
But little I thcu ch: to find hin here.
With a stray shoct in his heart'
"He _sr-ed with us. with our dead let him
And gi;e him a comrade's place."
The man who had fought with the Tenth
seemed to ilei.
As he lay with his ur'turned face.
They slipped the r'aper he never would need
Into his baud again.
And the colonel pased slowly along the lines
To cheer his droopina men.
-Edith 31. Thomas. in N;- Tork Sun.
of the courtroom and was an exceed
ingly pretty young woman, the pallor
of her reined face illuminated by large
blue eyes. She was in deep mourn
ing, which but enhanced her beauty.
"'Proceed,' exclaimled Judge B!ani.
"The witness on -the stad-a police
odicer-then testified that he had
found a small revolver with an ivory
handle in some bushes just outside of
the window of the room where the
crime had been committed.
'Werethere any marks on that ie
volver?' asked Ho ace Dash, counsel
for the prisoner-the man I just
pointed out. to Von.
Tes,~'' replied the witness.
i tWhat were the marks?'
'Ie initials M. P..' replied the
'Did you ascertain who owned
that pistol?' asked Lawyer Dash.
'Yes-Mary Peterkin.'
"An exclamation of suiprise went
around that li'tle courtroom. Mary
Pete'?kin started a p in bewilderment
and then fell back into her chair.
'Silence in the courtroom!' ex
claimed Judge Blnk.
"With a face paler than that of
either the prisoner or the niece of the
murdered man, Lawyer Horace Dash,
counsel for the prisoner, said to the
witness, 'Siep down.'
"The - nest witness called was a
'oman who had formerly been em
p'oyed by old Peterkin as a house
keeper. She was exceedingly nervous,
and her voice trembled when she
swo:e to tell the truth. There was a
nalinant epression on the face of
the cotnsel for the p!isoner when he
osked the witness.
" 'Do you know Mary Peterkin?'
" 'I do,' was the reply.
" 'She is the niece of the murdered
'She is.' replied the woman in a
" You once lived with the dead
man and his niece?
"'I did.'
"'Did uncle anad niece ever quar
I" 'Must I answer that?' asked the
old woman, turning to .Judge Blank.
"'You mnust,' steinly replied the
"'Yes. They quarrelled,' faltered
the witness.
'What about?T asked the cou nsel
for the prisoner.
'She-Mary-wan ted to marr ; a
man her uncle did not approve o?.'
"All eyes were turned toward Mary'
Peterkin,' whop w:th an e<pression of
horror on her dace, sat crouched up in
her chair. Everycne in that courtroom
seemed to realize that the testimony
already adduced agaius.t the prisouer
at thi.e.bar w-K as . nothing compared
with that just brought out against the
girl. - The prisoner31 at tile bar was pale
and tt'em-bling. and, I thougrht. an ob
ject of abject YAisery. Then the thought
fiasber across-.my mmnd that he might
be innocept. 1L. was ev'ident that
Lawyer Dash was struggling with him
self -when he asked the next qtuestion.
"'Did you ever hear Miss Peterkin
threaten her uncle?'
"'I heard her say once that she
wished he was dead,' replied the4 wit
"With .a moan of anguish Mary
Peterkin fainted. The prisoner started
forward and, despite the efforts of the
bailiffs to restrain him, exclaimed:
'This is a shame. I am guilty,
and that man'-pointing his finger at
Lawyer Horace Dash--'knows that I
"'What does this mean?' asked
Judge Blank. addressing the prison er's
counsel, who was leaning on the table
and seemed about to faint..
"'I don't know, your honor,' re
plied the lawyer, who was seen to
iress his hand to his heart.
"'Let the trial proceed,' said yudge
Blank, 'and don't let that woman,'
indicating Mary Peterkin, 'leave this
"'Stop!'t . med the prisoner. 'I
withdraw my pl. ~f not guilty. I am
"Fra moment silence, oppressive
sipence, reigned supreme. Finally the
ndge said: 'Do you appreciate your
position? That I can pass sentence
of death on you?'
" 'I do,' replied the prisoner, with
a defiant look at his counsel, 'but I
would 1ike to say a few words.'.
'Proceed. sir,' said Judge Blank.
.'"'T committed the crime, your
honor, but not irom desirs for gain.
Itt 'was done in a moment of anger, just
auger. and for the sake of my dear old
mother. Years ago my mother, so
that she might pay some debts 1I.con
tracted while in college, mortgaged2
her farmi-the home where 'she was
born, the home that she went to as a
happy wife, the home where I was
born ;' - Id Pet-erkin, Eachi year
since then she l ai i to him usu
interest. Finally there ca:me a day
when he would not renew the mm
a ge. That was the day I kille) hi-i.
I pleadlel with him, but in vain. He
insisted be would foreclose the o:t
gage. He called my mother a vilo
name. I saw the revolver on his desk.
picked it up and aimed at him. lie
vheeled around in his chair toward
his desk, and the bullet entered his
b ck.'
"While he was telling this story the
mrisoner several ti:nes pressed. his
hand to hisleft side and moaned as if in
'Have Tou anything else to say?'
asked Judge Blank.
" 'Yes. I want to say, explained
the prisoner in gasping tones, 'that
after I hal retained that lawyer'
pointing to Horace Dash-'I told him
I was ;;ailty; that I wanted to plcaJ
guilty. Ha forbade my doing so--::id
it was a splendid case. He would ac
guit me and cover hi:self with glo:-y.
He said he would ask no ee. I urged
that I was guilty, but he said he could
clear o. I consented to the plea of
not guilty.
".-gain the prisoner placed his haud
to his heart and with an effort said:
s could not save my life at the ex
pense of an innocent person, and that
person a woman. I am guilty.'
"He sank back into a chair, and
Judge Blank turned to Ho.-ace Dash,
the prisoner's counsel, and asked:
'What have you to say for your
'I did my duty-my plain duty,'
said the lawyer. 'As I understand it,
it is a lawyer's duty to defend his cli
ent and to aequit hima as best he can
Not at the expense of an innocent
person,' re:narked Judge Blank.
. 'I maintain it is,' replied the
lawyer. Althorgh a prisoner may
confess guilt he may be innocent. He
might be insane when he confessed.
He might be actuated by a desire to
sa-e,at the expense of his life, a guilty
person. He might '
'I am guilty!' shouted the pris
oner. 'I did it. I did it. I
"He fell backward on the coinsel's
table, gasped and, after a few c,nvul
sive mo% e:nents, attempted to rise, fell
back, twisted half around.and his sonl
passed to a higher tribunal. Judge
Blank, after ascertaining that the pris
oner at the bar was dea:1, said: 'I ac
cept his plea of guilty.' "
The teller of this stovy then added:
"The man who so strangely passed be
fore me today was the prisoner's law
yer. He never prospered at the bar.
His career was ruined with the case
which he hoped would earn him fa:me."
-L. P. C., in New York Evening
EZectrical Device for Winning at Dice
Revealed by an Odd Table.
Among the battered flotsam and jet
sa i that has accumulated in a second
hand 'tore in New Orleans, says the
Timaes-Democrat, is a shabby tound
trble with a curious secret, and no
d,)ubt a still more curious his:or".
The top was once covered with green
b:lliarcl clctb, which is worn to tatters
an ' discloses a steel plate set in the
centre and perhaps ten inches sqjuare.
The "hole top is loose and can be re
moved, revealing an interior space
contaiunn a horseshoe magnet wound
with wire and connected with an atma
tur-e very much like that of an ordi
nzry telegraph instrument. A close
examiina i'jn shows an insulated wire
runninmg d:>wa one of the le:4s to a
small knob oi button, protrad'ing on
the outside. When the top is in place
the steel plate rests directly oveir the
Theais strange device is explained
"I sadice table," he said, "on
which a lot of money has been won.
When it was in order there was a goo.l
sized battery inside connected with
the magnet. When the knob on the
leg was pressed the cu :rent was turned
on, and that made th- steel plate mag
netic. The dice they 1sed with it hadl
small metal disks on one face, and~ as
long -as the current was on they nainr
ally fell that side down. When the
kn'ob was released they would fall a::y
way they cha iced to come, so all that
was necessary for the operatoc to do
was to kee; his knee on the button and
he could absolutely control his play."
In Germany a cloc~k has been made
that is warranted to go for 9000 years.
The yellow silk spider of Ceylon is
perhap~s the largest of his species.
His a-:erage weight is nine ounces.
Artiacial legs and arms were in use
in Egypt as~ erly as B. C. 700. They
were made by priests, who were the
physicians of that early time.
Only seventy years have elapsed
since the first railway in the world
was finished. During that compara
tively brief period four hundred thoum
sand miles have been constructed.
In this country placing the thtub
to the nose and extending the fingers
is a sign of derision. Among certain
hill tribes in India it is the most ex
pressive manner of showing respect.
The first mo:le of public punish
ment in New York city was tho wvhip
ping post, set up in 1635. Upon
this offenders were hoisted up by the
waist, and suspended for such length
of time as their offense called for.
Pekin, China, has a tower in which
is hung a large bell cast in the !!f
teenth century, and another tower'
containing a huge drum which is in
tended to be beaten in case a great,
danger should threaten the city. Noi
one is allowed to enter these towers.
Fish Commissioner MlcGuire of
Oregon declares in his 1899 report
that up to the present time salmon to
the value of about $75,000,000 have
ben taken ont of the Columbia river.
Contra*ts In Taffeta.
Neckties and stocks are now made
of plain taffeta in two contrasting coI
ors. so that there is one end of one
color with a loop of the other on each
side, and the stock shows one of the
two colors. Plain taffeta combinations
in shirt waists are also seen. One of
! the most startling combinations is a
green with a cerise. The yoke, cuffs
and stock are made of one color, and
the body and sleeves of the other.
while the necktie is cf the combina
tion. half of the string in each color.
n ennsylvania Dower.
An old law of Pennsylvania required 1
that every girl,when about to leave her
fathee's or employer's home, where
she had worked uatii: of age, should
receive, as her dower, ode feather bed
and bedding, one ful suit of new
clothing and one spinning wheel. This
law has never been annalled, though
in the case of girls indentured to ser
vice it has been merged in a money
egnivalent when the gi -sdime is out;
and in the case of daughters changed
into an expeusive trouss au and home
furnishings upon marriae. -Philadel
phia Record.
"Sometimes I get tire. of this great
clothes question, don't you?" sighs an
inmate of Vanity Fair. ."Why can't
clothes grow on one, I wander? or, at
least, why cannot we have rubber
clothes that will just pull_off and on
and fit anybody and e-er-~body, with
out all this standing roun and being
made a nincushion of? If there is
anything that wears off a woman's
spine and temper. it is standing an
hour an:d a ha?f getting ':tted.
"I know a woman whe stood three
hours the other day whil' her modiste
endeavored to make a lace evening
gown which sho:ild have no single
joint or seam acrors the trwmspa"ent
neck and sleeves, not even "where the
shoulders begin. The'miracle was
accomplished. It looks now like a
very magnificent Chiness'guzzle, beau
tiful to beio!d, but uttly baffling."
-Boston Journal.
A Woman's Power.
Man rebels against th;faintest h'nt
of coercion. As soon :-his chains
begin to gall he frets ad, longs for
freedom. The wife holds certain reins
in her hands and she may:use her
tongue as a curb; but the reins should
be of flowers and the curxb "of -loving
kindness. She sh:c -1 her hus
band feel that he is free to come and
go as he ple'ses; that his house is
not a jail, but a place where he is al
ways sure of a hearty welcome, even
when he has wandered from it for a
time. She will not sulk if he leaves
her sometimes in the evening, nor
sit up for him like a reproachful
ghost. She will learn the art of for
giving and forgetting (especially for
getting) petty faults and . wrongs, and
will remember always that to keep the
love she has won is the most impor
tant thing for her happiness. -Worn
an's Home Companion.
Belts for the Throat.
The latest foundation for the popn
Jar stock collar is fitted with a finely
tempered steel spring, which clasps
the neck closely and holds the stock
in place without any tronble. It does
not bind the neck, as it is very light
and yields to each movement, and, al
though it looks firm and snug, it does
not choke.
This light spring, lapping a little at
the back somewhat like a key ring or
bracelet, can be bonght and covered
at home, and can be recovered many
times, as th2e steel never wears out.
A metal stock which does not require
to be covered, but is intended as an
article of jewelry, is quite a fad now.
These stocks or co'lars are ve:-y much~
like a dog collar or belt. They are
made in a-great variety of form and pat
tern--plain, jewelled, silv-er and gold.
Some are arranged in medallions,with
a circle of chains between and intend
ed to be worn over some bright rib
bon or chiffon stock, while others are
of solid metal and fastened with but
tons and eyelets, with slides, hooks
and eyes, r-egular belt buckles or jew
ehry clasps of the old-fashioned styles.
One seen lately was simply a broad
band of plain silver, clasping the throat
snngly and lapping over slightly, but
with no apparent fastening.
These throat belts are made to
match waist belts and can be had in
any pattern in sets to order.
Belt buckles, from being very tiny,
have suddenly jumped to the other
extreme. They cover the entire front
part of the waist, extending nearly
under the arms in some cases, and are
four or five inches broad. The samne
effect is carried out in the back. A big;
silver buckle of oxidized finish silver.
in square effect, was seen on a broad
black satin ribbon on the outside oi a
seal coat, covering almost the entire
back of the waist. -New York Herald.
Hasbands far All Girls.
"The number of male infants born
yearly exceeds that of female by l to 4
per cent., the proportion va~rying
slightly from year to year.' w! itea
Proessor D. E. McAnall.v of "The
American Girl's Chances of Marriage,
in the Ladie/ Home Journal. "The
mishaps of boyhood, however, reduce
the no:nber of boys to somneextent.but -
not so much as to make the adult
females outnumber the males. For
every Amecrican woman, therefore.
there ought to be a husband in posse
if not in esse, and the fact that the -e
is a large percentage of nnmarried
adult women in the country and a
greater proportionate number in sonme
sections than in others, is attributable
o causes which have disturbed the
balance of population. In all iew
countries-and compared with Eu
rope the United States is a new coun
try-there is a larger proportion of
males than o females. The aggregate
popiation of the United States, so far
as thelatest ofirciai figures show, is 62.- 1
622,5O, of which 32,0G7,8'0 are males
and 3O.554-,370 are females. Thus the 1
pre onderance of males over females
vould seem to make it comparatively
easy for the American girl to secure a
husband, but in certain sections this
is evidently not the case, else the
proportion of unmarried women would
not be so large. If men would re
main in the neighborhoods where they
were born the proportion of men and
women would be nearly equal all over
the country, but men find work hard
to get in the older and more populous
communities, and go to the newer
states, The young women are left be
hind, and the young men, after set
tling in their new home4, forget the
comi anions of their youth, and con
tract :lliances among their new friends
in the west, hence some of the eastern
states show a sur>>lus of females."
A Charming BrIde's Trouasean.
There was a charming wedding in
New York this past winter, which was
a little different from the ordina:y
run of weddings. foi the bride was a
lovely, white-haired matron of nearly
three score and the bridegroom o
abont the same age. The trousseau
of the bride just out of her teens is
not a novelty, but there is some room
for consideration in the outit of an
older bride. This one was very pretty
and suitable.
There was first a traveling gown of
a rough; heavy plaid of gray, with a
thread df red running through it. This
gown was made on a lining of red
silk, and there was a vest and collar
cf red cloth braided with black. To
wear under the heavy eeal cape when
re.juired was a si'nple silk waist of
gray with a line of red in it.
A very pale:gray silk, almost white,
was covered with coarse black net,
trimmed with cherry satin, and the
wed ding gown itself was another gray,
more on the dove shade,of broadc.loth.
This was simply made; on the skirt an
applique trimming, outlined as has
beenz the fashion this winter, a-suppo
sititions overdress, two lines ru uing
down the front and around the ba:k.
There was a vest of white sat: to the
bodice, covered with cne of the hand
some white laces with a design in
shirred ribbon upon it. There wa% a
plain coat with this suit, and to wear
under the coat a plain satin blouse
matching the cloth in color.
A pretty gray cashmere had the
shiaped-fiounces put on like the ap
lig-ed trimming -n the weddieg
gown, the flonnces edged with black
velvet. This gown had a little pink
trimming, and the black velvet gave
it character. An evening gown of
p ale heliotrope bengaline was a beau
ti?ul gown, simply.made with demi
train, the bodice trimmed with point
That was a handsome gown, but
perhaps the most d stinguished gown
of the whole was a magnifice-t black
siik, with a coat of black velvet and
the bodice trimmed with heliotroi..e
satin and velvet. The upper part of
the bodice was of the velvet; be- g
low that was a handsome passemen
terie over heliotrope satin, and there
wa heliotrope velvet on the collar,
cuffs and at the waist. -The coat was
lined with heliotrope satin and fas
tened with heavy graduated bow knott
of jet.
That was all, with the exception of
pretty fluify boudoir gowns, the--snal
bath robes. which are counted with
the lingerie, and a plain little everLing
g:wn for the house, a black skiri
w:t?h a bayadere strIi>e, and a bodie
of yellow under white net. Thei gowns
wer-e all diguidied and the colors used
very becoming to the matron-with hse
soft white hair.--New York Times.
Jewelry Fauhion*.
A butterfly brooch has the wings
set on spiral spriLgs, a large brilliant
serving for the back and rabies for
eyes. The effect is particn!arly strik
ing when worn on black siik.
Collar buckles of silver and gold for
ladies are popular. Some are en
aeled and studded with gems.
Coral necklaces with many silver
noveties suspended therefrom are at
tractive for street wear.
Aigrettes with fleur de lis filleLs,
profusely studdel with brilliants, are
in great diemand.
A miniature artistically wrought
leather strap and buckle with a silver
shield fastened on it forms a novel
napkin ring.
3Miniature caddies and golf sticks in
gold and silver for tie pins are popu
A~ pretty lorgnette chain has a series
of jewels set at intervals of from three
to four inches.'
An oral matrix mosaic jewel box,
lined with gold. forms a handsome
and attractive ornament for a lady's
Margai se riougs with emerald centres,
the ster edges studded with dia
,on-is andi rn bies. are in great favor.
-3 ewelers' Weekly.
Inventions4 and Wago Eiaers.
Cassier's 3Magazine gives some Eg
tres that show in a striking mann.r
howv new inventions benefit wage-earn
ers by providing employment in ne-,v
lines of industry. In 1880 there were
no electric street cars. Less than
12,000 men op'erated 2050 miles of
street car lines theu in existence.
Tere are now over 1:3.000 miles of
eletric lines. employing 16l, 000 r-:fl.
In 1q70 tihe census reported only 154
shorthand writers in the United States.
Owing to the inlventonl of the type
writer there a:-e now ab ut 83,00.
stengraphe s and typrewriters of whloim
1.000 a woman
To Avoid Weevilly Seed Peas.
A very simple as well as satisfactory
way for separating weevilly peas from
the sound ones is to piac the seed in 1
a solution of salt and water made of a
sufficient strength that the sound peas
Will sink and the weevilly ones float.
The in ured grain at the top may be
washed and fed to the stock wh'ie the
sound seed is sown. This assures an t
even catch -to a certain extent-and,
better yet, the weevilly peas are not 1
even wasted. -
Currants for Pront. t
There is no kind of small fruit that
is so sure a crop it kept from the worm
as the currant. It also generally se:ls
at a good price, with the advantage to
the grower that the currants will re
main on the bushes two or three
k eeks, not only withc.ut injury, but
each clay growing better after theyare
colore:l. This may not altogether pre
ent a glut in the market, but it at
least gi;es the currant grower more
time in wi ich to market his fruit.
The only drawback to currant grow
ing is the currant worm, but this. is so
:asily killed ty tine-y applications of
helelore 1:owder that it is really an
advantage to the g-ower who uses it
in time, as it destroys the currants of
s: many others who would otherwise
be his com.etitors. There is nothing
sually to be made in what everybody
-an produce very easily.
Waste of So'i by Blowing.
It is always a loss to leave soil
naked through the winter, especially
if the surface soil is friable. Unless
snow comes as a covering, much of it
will be blown into adjoiniug fields.
Often when snow comes it will be
wind swept into banks behind fences
n its leeward side,and so soon as the
banks are formed the snow will be
arkened by clouds of fine dust,
which is deposited on its surface.
This wind-blown soil is always ex
tremely rich, as is shown by the quicker
growth and darker green of the grass
that g:ows up after the bank has
melted in spring. Always the land-on
the lee side of 1ields that have been
much ail long plowed is richer near
the fence on the leeward side than it
is nearer the centre of the fiold.. For
this reason, when uiowing, turn, the
furrows as much as.possibis from the
fences towards the centre of the field.
Doubtless there is much blowing of
surface dirt in suamer showers,though
it is not so plain.to the sight as it is
when the dark rim lies on top 'of a
white bank of snoN -
Fertilizing Orcha:ds. -
There are not many farmers who
Nlly appreciate the valae of fertilizing
a orchard, yet this is really neces
sy--in fact just as much so as in
fertilizing any other crop-for the
trees greatly need the elements con
tained in the fertilizer, especially the
potash, in order to grow and mature a
Here are a few figures which might
-te: A crop of wheat of .twenty I
sto the acre removes from the
oil of each acre in grain .and straw jI
bout twenty-nine pounds of nitro- (
en, nine pounds of phosphorie acid
ai five pounds of potash.
To comapaLe, we will allow each acre
orty a;ile trees. These will remove
rom the soil ini tataring the crop
bout thirty-two pounds of nitrogen.
ight pounds of phosphoric 'acid and ~
forty-five pounds of potash. From
his it can be readdly seen how much f
reater is the necessity of maturing for
pples than for wheat, and especially
n supplying the potash.
If the real reason for appying fer
iiers is to stop soil exhaustion
which is certainly true-farihers have
o excuse for not looking into the
natter of orchard fertilizing.and when
hey finally do find this out, the old
exccse of"This was a good fruit coau- 2
try once, but that day has gone by," I
will be a thling of the past, and it is
just this that ought to have happened
ears ago.
'rhe care of Lambs. i
Lambs should have grain from the
time tt:ey are ten wceks old till the
ollowing spring. A trough can be
ut with oats in it outside of the past
ire fence, near the wateing place,
with opening in the fence for the
~ambs to get to it. They will then
Learn to eat by the time tiiey are four
oths old, at which time th:-y should
e wea-ica; it is bet:er fo. both mother
nd lamb. In weaning give them the
bst they can eat, anid pienty of good 1
ater. If you have a cornie'd adjoin
ug your pasture you will tind it at
06d( thinig to open the fence and let
them also have range to it. They wil(
o no harm, and will eat many of the
eeds and lower leaves of the car-n.
They should be kept in that way until
they are put in winter quarters, then
they should have froem half.a pint to a1
int eqnally of shelled corn and oats
er day, owing to the size and breed
of the sheep, with all they can eat of
good hay. In weaning lamabs never
take them from the mothers, but al
ways take the moth -s from the lambs,
nd leave tha !a:mbs in the old pasture
for a week at least before moving them~
o another, if necessary to move at
all. A gentle old sheep should be left
with the lambs for a leader; it mnakei
them more quiet and gentle. In the
spring, as soon as there is enongh
asture, turn the:n out on grass for,
the sammner. You have then atir
nch of sheep whose fleece, will mor-e1
than ay for the keep~ing. They can
ow be handlied like old shee-. There
Snothing cheaper and better for1
e a bau g-ass, e-cept it way be.
x e. is, of whioh they eat and destroy
;y d conver-t them into good
!ool and mutton free of c9arge, bnt
emember they do not thrive or pay
n weeds alone.-Farm, Field and
The Treatment of a LaWn.
Keeping a lawn in order is not difi
nlt, but it requires attention. By4r
erring attention until the lawn shows
L needs it is one of the most oertein
rays of insuring a ragged lawn. -
Keeping up a lawn is simply a mat.
er of keeping up a good growth of
rass. The chief points to keep in
aind are to prevent maturity ..(seed
>roduction) and careful feeding.
xrass, like other fleld crops, requires
>lant'food, and, as its root system is
otnewhat shallow, and the soil has
ittle aeration when continually in sod,
he plant food supplied must be in a
uighly available form.
To prevent running to seed the
rass must be clipped regularly. In
he spring and early summer months,
>efore the sun's rays have reached the
ieree heat of midsummer, it is advis
Lble to iemove all grass clii pin :s, but
luring the hot sumwer months the
lippings should be left on the lawn
o serve as a mulch. This is especial
y true for sections subject to.a mid
ummer drought. The late summer
lippings should be left as a winter
aulch. In the hot days of midsum
aer the lawn sprinklers should not be
tarted autil late in the afternoon.
Light, sandy soils require more pro
ection from drought than clay soils.
)n the sormer the clippings mulch is
very iirortant matter. On iery
Leavy clay soils the clippings mul h
re uently does more harm than.
The plant food is the most i'or
ant point, not only to keep up a solid
aat of grass, but also to prevent; that
itiation. due to insuficient nourish
aent which with plants as with ani
als is an inevitable invitation- to
iisease. A I {wn requires regularly
very year an application of.nitrogen, -
otash and phosphoric acid. All three
f these fertilizers are necessary, and
,n excess of any one or two cannot
aake up for a deficiency of any one.
L fair application, on the basis of one
,cre, is one bag of muriate of potash
,nd two bags of acid phosphate; that
s, 200 pounds of the.former and 400
,ounds of the latter. These fertiliz
rs should be thoroughly mired - to
ether, and it wiil,be an advantage to
i them with an equal weight of
ine; dry earth. Tke best time t'o ap
Ily is in Augast or September, broad
ast. In the sprin, as soon as the
reen begins to freshen, apply nitrate
I soda at the rate of 200 Pounds pe.
cre. -
The application of the nitrate of
oda is an important matter. The fs :
ilizer must be iinely pulverizd2r
aired with an equal weight 9 e
iry earth. To.ui the nitratwitoth ou.
he previous applicationjohe?potash
.nd phorphates is to invite disaster.
"he grass will be stimulated to a rank
trowth, which it n.kes wholly at the
xpense of its vitality. There is .no
urer way to destroy a lawn.
In cases of moss growth in epots,
lue largely to a lack .f potash and
>hosphates, the best trea tent .is to
ake over thoroughly,an vply burnt
ime at the rate of two good handfuls
o the square yard. Reseed' ths fol
owing spring, and do not fail.:to use
he miner-al fertilizer in Aug st.-s4K
arwood in American Cultivetor.
Practical Dary Not.
7~1t should always be accessible.
*o not change the feed suddealy.
l ean and thoroughly air stable- be
e milking.
Keep the dairy and stable room in
od conditioni, fresh air and clean.
Do not use within twenty days be- -
ore calving, nor for three to five days
iter ward. . - .
Do not move cows faster thanacom--~
ortable walk while on the way to place
,f milking or feeding. N~o savage
Provide water in abundance, easy
if access and always pure; fresh, but
ot too cold. Do not use impure pond -'
The milker should wear a clean
uter garment, used only when milk
ng. and Isept in a clean place at other
Feed liberally, and use only fresh,
alatable feedstuffs. In no case
hould decomposedor motildymaterial
e used.
Do not allow any strongrflavored
nod like garlic, cabbage ,and turnips
o be eaten, exceit immediately after
lean the entire body of the cow
aily. If hair in the region of the, -
idder is not easily kept clean it should
ye clipped.
The milker should be clean in all
epects. He should not use tobacco
rhen milking. He should wash and
ry his hands before milking.
Never allow the cows to be excited
>y hard driving, abuse, loud talking.
w unnecest avy disturbance. Do not
tpose them to cold or sitorms any
eagth of time.
Promtly remove from the herd any
nimal 'susperted of being in bad '.,
.ealth, and reject her milk. .Never
dd an animal to the herd until cer
ai it is fr ee from diseasle, especially
Black Dog Dainties...
Chickens are soldby-tuepiece in --
3uenos Ayres.... ~ey are dressed be
ore being..-o.4fered for isle, the* only
eatheleft upon them being those
the tai!. The simmer custom
>revails in China as t3 dogs, where a
>it of the dog's hair is' awas left on
he end of the tail, even wh'da- the an
zal is cooked. But -tifik im-becs.uce
he Chinese con-ide- the fie'. of bla ~#
!ogs the h,e- t ndt een..in tc pnt
brave sy t into t1he bO.yo 4

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