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Upon my heart these vernal day,
The longing keen takes hold
To seek, afar from trodden ways,
The morn's new-minted gold.
I grasp nmy palmer's hazel staff,
And blithely hie me where
The ariel bluebird's lyric laugh
Goes rippling down the air.
I find within the sky no flaw,
And all the earth to me
Is tuned to one ecstatic law,
The law of harmony.
And rising from the dewy land
Before my questing eyes,
A little flower, divinely planned,
In virgin iuty lies.
Plueking this boon of earth and air,
In hand and heart I hold
.My own inalienable share
Of morn's new-minted gold.
H Il CLPE
GORY!T TbPHR ES
had just seen
a wedding for
( / the first time
in their short
ing the event
to the best of
Pauline, with a preternatural solemn
air, held a last year's almanac in her
hand and figured as the officiating
clergyman, while Polly,.Fith - t pieee
or (aito neting over her head and
a bouquet of bachelor buttons in her
hand, was the bride.
The most impressive part of the
ceremony, to their minds, was the
throwing of rice and old shoes after
the departing , couple, and the insur
'mouatable difficulty of introducing
this fe are into th.lr renrodnation
rde, Polly complained,
very well throw- rice at herself, and,as
Pauline thought it needed a hack or
some kind of a conveyance to make the
thing complete, it was at last reluc
tantly decided to omit this most inter
esting part of the marriage.
The wedding procession, conspicu
ous for a trifling oversight in the mat
ter of a bridegroom, was on the point
of starting down thebarn, where the
event was taking place, when a young
man drove into the yard and, hitching
his horse, rang the bell to inquire for
">the twins' grown up sister.
For a minute the children gazed at
each other as the door opened to re
ceive him, then a brilliant idea struck
them simultaneously. Off came Polly's
veil and down went Pauline's book.
"That's Charley Binghiam come to
take sister to ride," gasped Polly,
dancing up and down in delight.
"I know it," said Pauline excited
ly, "and we haven't a minute to lose.
You run right up to the house and get
all the rice you can, and I'll borrow
some of the neighbors."
"Oh, Mrs. Herrick," she panted
breathlessly, a few seconds later, as
she rashed into that lady's door,
"won't you please let me have some
"Why, child, what do you want of
rice? You are not having a wedding
at your house, are you?"
"Yes, mna'am, and please hurry, or
it will be too late.".
"But who is it for?"
"For sister Sue," shouted Pauline,
who was in too much of a hurry to
stop for elaborate explanations, and
raced back to meet Polly, who had
had the good luck to find a bag of the
stuff which the grocer had left on the
"Well, haven't they kept that pretty
quiet?" inquired Mrs. Herrick of her
caller, Mrs. Smith, as she picked up
her kni':ting, and both ladies drew
their~ chairs to the windows on the
side next the Peters's house to watch
the course of events more closely.
"There goes Parson Hildreth!" ex
claimed Mrs. Smith; and sure enough
that reverend gentleman was seen
coming down the steps next door. hav
ing made a call upon the twins'
"I thought that would be a match
sometime; but what are those children
Pauline and P(,lly, in their stocking
feet, were tying white hair ribbons to
the horses' foretops, and two pairs of
small shoes were seea' dangling under
the carriage. There had been no
time to hunt up cast-off symbols of
good luck, so the twins had hastily di
vested themselves of their own foot
gear, and; only mourned that there
weren't centipedes when they viewed
the smallness of the collection.
The little girls had barely finished
tying the last knot and skipped into
the barn after their bags of rice when
Mr. Bingham came out to get his
team. He was a desperately shy
young man and not especially observ
ing. Being slightly agitated, too, it
is doubtful whether he would have
noticed had his horse turned into a
prancing zebra during his absence,
and it is not strange that the ribbons
and other decorations failed to attract
Pretty Miss Susie Peters next ap
pared to taka har place in the car
riage, and Mr. Bingham had at:
gathered up the reins preparatory to
a start when a cloud-burst of rice en
veloped them, the carriage, the horse,
and a good share of the people on the
The horse, a nervous animal, start
ed with a jump, and further irritated
by the fluttering ribbons before his
eyes, swept down the street at a run
away pace. The shoes swung back
and forth under the carriage for some
distance, but finally dropped off in
front of the office of The Snowville
Clipper, a country weekly whose force
lived up to the motto, "All the news
while it is news, while it is fresh."
Editor Dodge. who had a lively
realization of the fact that eternal
vigilance is the price of items, cast
his eagle eye out of the window in
time to note the occupants of the fly
ing carriage, the rice and the shoes in
front of his office door.
"Hold on, John," he called to the
foreman, who had just finished mak
ing up the paper. "unlock the last
form and take cut half a column of
matter; I will be back in a few min
utes with something to fill in..
So sayi-g he rushed out, and strid
ing up-street met by chance the very
lady who had been visiting Mrs.
Herrick that afternoon.
"Heard about the wedding?" she
asked him, as he drew near.
"No: but was just going to find out,
about it," he answered. "Young
Bingham and Susie Peters, wasn't it?"
"Yes: I was next door during the
ceremony, and it was the quietest
thing in the way of a wedding I ever
heard of. Mrs. Peters likes so much
style that I reckoned she would want
to make considerable of aspreadwhen
Susie was iarriet."
"Who married them?"
"Parson Hildreth, and he was the
ohly person there outside the family.
I don't believe their nearest neighbors
would have known anything about it
if it hadn't been for the twins. They
were on hand with their rice and old
shoes and aave the couple a good send
"What was her dress?" queried
Dodge, jot:ing down the points as fast
as his g:rulous informant brought
"Well, she di have on the queer
P.st~r' . a ride a white duck skirt,
pink shht waist and ulain white
sailor hat. She looked reageet,
though, and as they were evidently
going away on a carriage trip t. was
well enough, but not what you wo t .
expect from Mrs. Peters's daughter.
No one would suspect from her dress,
-though, that she was a bride, and that
is probably what she intended."
"Thank ou ever so- mueh; Mrs.
1 Irfsar ge-imetin"youhas
saved me lots of trouble."
Back he hurried to the office with
gratification so plainly depicted upon
his countenance that the idlers in the
square, as the business part of the
town was called, wondered what
"Hustler" Dodge had got onto now to
make him look so happy, and "setpril
old farmers, who had driven doi- -o
the village to do some trading, dedided
to wait until after the paper was out
before going home; "the women folks I
would hte to read the news," they
"Now, girls, wake up," said the edi
tor as he blew into the office, "and set1
this copy as fast as you can; we have
only tel? minutes to spare, and; i
won't do to miss the mails; people are
toe anxious tolget The Clipper," head
ded complacently. "Here is thel first
take," he called, rafter a moment or
two of violently scribbling, and type
began to rattle into the sticks with'
In due time the article was set. up,
the proof taken, read and corrected,
and 4 lo'clock in the afternoon The
Clipper-with a great newvs "scoop'"
w.as awaiting its eager readers in 'the
boxes of the postoffice.
Mr'. Peters was among the first to1
get the paper, but without stopping to
look at its contents he wended his way
home and tossed the sheet into his
wife's lap. :. -
"Here mother, is the Illuminator?'
his favorite name for The Clipper;
"where are the twins?"
"I put them to bed,". said Mrs.
Peters, unfolding the paper, "that
they might realize how naughty they
were this afternoon, but oh! what is
this-'Binghiam Peters,'" and with
wide distended eyes-horror, indigna
tion and amazement in her whole at- I
titude, she began to read the news
while it was news and decidedly
"A very pretty home wedding took
place this afternoon at the residence
of our esteemed fellow citizen, Mr.
John F. Peters, whose eldest daugh
ter, Miss Susan Amelia, was united in
marriage to Mr. Charles Gerald Bing
ham, a rising young lawyer ofjSnows
"The wedding was a very quiet af-'
fair indeed, only the immediate mem
bers of the bride's family being pres-l
ent at the ceremony, which was per
formed by Rev. Dr. Hildreth, pistor,
of the First Church..1
"The bride, one of Snowsville's fair
est daughters, was plainly but most -
becomingly gowned in a white ducka
skirt and pink shirt waist, and was at'
tended by her twin sisters, Pauline~
and Polly, who showered the happy .
couple with rice as they started away.
on a carriage trip.
"Mr. and Mrs. Bingham are ver~y
popular young people, and The Clip
per joins their host of friends in ex-1
tending congratulations and good.
"Those wretched childrez," breathed
Mrs. Peters, starting to her feet.
Pauline and Polly covered their
guilty heads with the bed eldthes..
But the sight of The Clipper turnedI
the direction of her wrath, and she
glanced at the item again.
I"The poor little girl," she groanet.
"how could anybody have been so
itmid '.naS hamominglv gowned in
white duck skirt and pink s:irt
aist,'" with sarcastic empha:is.
'My daughter married in a shirt
"Don't faint, mother, don't. His
steemecl fellow-citizen is going right
lown to interview Editor Dodge, and
rhiie I'm gone you can write up his
)bituary, I'll guarantee that it will be
ounded on fact, at least. Where's
But Mrs. Peters was dissolved in
ears, and before her husband suc
:eeded in finding his head covering,
done and unaided, Susie and young
3inghan: returned from their ride in
t state of satisfaction that even The
clipper was powerless to disturb. Af
:er they had read The Clipper's ac
:ount of their wedding,! Mr. Bingham
?iucked up courage to propose that
hey regard it as a prophecy and pro
:end immediately to fulfill it.
Mrs. Peters, in the awkwark cir
,umstances in which they were
placed, approved of the idea, and Mr.
Peters, after a time, was persuaded to
ip his hat at a less murderous-look
ug angle, and departed in search of
Parson Hildreth instead of the moving
spirit of the press, while Mr. Bing
iam sought the town clerk to procure
At the intercession of their sister,
:he term of imprisonment was short
!ned for the twins, and they emerged
'rom their temporary confinement in a
state of subdued joyousness thatfouni
expression in a remark from Polly to
he effect that they would play nothing
)t funeral after this.
The ceremony was finally performed
iccording to the directions laid down
a The Ciipper, except as to (the
ride's dress, a change in that par
:icular being strenuously insisted upon
>y the bride's mother, and "the popu
ar young people" were able to re
:eive the congratulations of "their
1osts of friends" with a placid smile.
But Editor Dodge. never really, un
lerstood why Mr. Bingham subscribed
or The Clipper and paid down ten
rears in advance. with the remark
hat he liked to encourage genius, or
vhv Mr. Peters at the same time
stopped his subscription and tried for
t whole year to exist by borrowing his
ieighbor's papers.-Attanta Constitu
The Effect of Crime on Trade.
"The bromo-seltzer trade is busted
emporarily," remarked a down-town
"I suppose as many people get up
vit beadache in the morning as ever,
>u they- don't drown their sorrows in
>romo-se1.er, since the Cornish
,oisoning case came out. 'Guess I'll
et a bottle of seltzer,' remarked a
nan in Here yesterday.
"'Brono-seltzer?' queried a friend,
ts if the very idea gave him a cramp.
"'Er-well, no. I guess I won't,'
-emarked the first man, as if he recol
ected something. And he didn't buy
t. Curious how people are influ
mced by imagination. I'll bet there
sn't an anonymons box of candy sent
>nce a day in Chicago now. The Bot
iin case kiocked that. People who
end candy sign their names to it.
Why, one day at luncheon I stepped
n and ordered a box of candy sent
ome. When I got there that evening
ny wife was in a state of excitement
>ordering on hysterics. 'Who do you
hink could have done this, Henry''
he whispered. TIve saved the
vrappei- and the string, andl I
rouldn't touch a piece of that candy
or a million dollars.'
"Then the sausage trade was
nock'ed into a cocke:1 hat for nearly
tyear by the Luetgert trial. I know
~very time rmy wife suggested saulsage3
or breakfast that winter, I kind of
vished she wouldn't mention it."
-' Pine Cone Cathercr.
Every one knows what a bright,
>eautiful fire is made by burning pine
ones, and country people who can
~et them use them a good deal. They
re almost an impossible luxury for
~ity. folk, so thought a Southern wom
n who greatly en,ioyed her fires of big
xnes, and then the idea occurred to
er to collect a quantity of them and
hip them to a woman's exchange for
ale. She sent in seyeral barrels, and
nly asked the modest sum of $2 a
arrel for Them.- A few thrown into
.n open fire will iake a merry blaze,
nd the .cones were quickly sold to
>eopl e who. immediately appreciated
heir value. .The Southern woman
ound her orders increasing almost
oo rapidly, and has now a regular
>usiness in supplying pine cones, and
ne that involves no expense in carry
ng it on. Gathering balsam for pil
ows -is another industry that would
lemand no outlay for a "plant,' and
Swould be a pleasant and interesting
>ccupation for healthy girls .who like
o.tramnp the macuntains and forests.
fw York Tribune.
To drive -slowly over cobblestones
s not a joy, but to drive four Russian
torses at a gallop over cobblestones
as something to make you bite your
ongue and to break your teeth and to
hak:e .your v-ery sou4 from its socket.
mnost.solemnly assure you it was any
hing but a simple 'drive to one fresh
om the asphalt of Paris, for, like
ehu, they -drove furiously. Their
ores are all wild, i-una'way beasts,
nd; they drive them at an uneven
~alopres4mbling the gait of our fir-e
th#ne horses a,t home, except that
>ursgo m'ore slowly. . Sometimes -the
iorses fall down as they drivc across
~ountry~, or stop, only for stone walls
r nicats. The carriages must be built,
,fIron; for- the front wheels drop a
e feet into a burrow every now and
en, and at such times an unwary
~merican is liable to be pitched over
he coachman's head. "Hold on with
Oth hands, shut your eve-s and keep
roar tongue fr-om between your teeth"
rould be ey instructigns to one about
af "take a drive" in Po and.--Wom
I TALES OF PLUCK
A Trapper's Narrow Escape,
Pierre Le Count, an old trapper, pf
Wisconsin, who died recently, retained
a distinct recollection of almost every
incident of importance in his long
life. Lncounters with flarce beasts
were of so common occurrence that it
was with difficulty he could be induced
to refer to them or to give detailsonce
the incident was mentioned. The
killing of three bears in as many min
utes-one with a bullet from his old
fashioned mazzle-loading -rifie, the
second with an axe and the third with
a knife-was one of Le Count's iecol
lections, and four great scars across
his breast, which werq--isible when
his body was pre -ed for the grave,
bore evidence oi the fierceness of the
"That happened 'in-1847 said the
old man. "I was trapping dn the up
per waters of the Chippewa that fall.
It was in the latter part ot October, if
I remember right, and Iwas following
.up a line of traps one aftdrnoon when
I broke through an old indfall and
fell over a log, landing right in a nest
of four bears-two full grown andtvo
six-months cubs. I was a-trapper and
not a hunter, and usuallylet such var
mints alone unless they tackled me
but this time my rifle was up to my
face before I knew it, and I brought
down the old male with : bullet in his
brain. The other three. started off,
and as they went I let go at one of the
cubs with my little trapping axe.
There wasu't one chance it.five hun.
dred that I would hit him,in a place
that would hurt him, and I just
threw it more under the impulse
than with any expectation thai
I would bring hifa down.
But as luck would have it the axe hii
him square in the head and he weni
down with a roar. His' yell turned
the old mother into a devil. She had
started off on a dead run, but as soon
as she heard the cub cry she-turned
and came back on a gallop. Twenty
feet from me she went up on her hind
feet and came toward me like 'a enow
slide. She looked as big as a buffalc
and as ugly as a catamount. My empty
gun was of about as much use as a
snowshoe, andas therewas no time to
think of a tree I just whipped out my
knife and faced the music. She was
about three seconds in knocking me
over the windfall, but,- we clo -]
drove the ten-inch blade o my knife
between her ribs. Her nails found my
shoulder and breast, and I was laid up
eleven weeks. The scratch didn't
amount to much. I would have been
well in a week, but my partner was a
greenhorn from Vermont, and when
I sent him out to get slippery elm barb
for a poultice he got basswood."
What Pluck Did.
It is the bulldog fearlessness and
tenacity of an Englishman that makes
him a conqueror even wvhen he faces
a mob of barbarians. After the born
bardmnent of Alexandria by the Eng
lish fleet had driven the Egyptian
troops out, the city was looted by
thieves and cutthroats. Three oi
four hundred bluejacketsiwere landed,
who stopped the outrages by arrestin~
every person found with plunder in
On arrest a person was tried by
dru.mhead courtmartial, and the sen
tence, shooting or flogging, was ex
ect.ted without delay. An English
man, Mr. Hulme Beaman, who as
sisted in punishing the robbers, de
scribes in his book, "Twenty Years
in the Near East," a dangerous ex
perience from which he was enabled
to emerge by cool, fearless, bulldog
He had been detailed to superintend
thme flogging of two prisoni and the
shooting -of a third;, the sentence to be
carried out at their_native village, a
nest of thieves. Thei'd..Avere ten
thousand of the riffraff looking on.
Five policemen (Egyptians) and three
Englishmen represented law an d order.
The prisoner, sentenced to be shot for
a murder, was fitted into a shallow
grave. and the policemen fired a volley,
amid the execrations of The mob.
. Only MIr. Beaman and the Egyptian
officer commanding the police under
stood w-hat the mob were saying, and
the Egyptian begged the three Eng.
lishmnen to get away while yet there
was time. They, however, insisted
on seeing the flogging carried out,
and remarked that the slightest symp
tom of fear would excite the mob te
The flogging exasperated the crowd,
already excited by the execution,
and they pressed close round-the Eng
"It is time to put: an end to infidels
torturing believers!" said a portly
old Arab sheikh, close to Beaman's
The Englishman seized the Arab,
and tuld the mob they should be
ashamed of themselves to sympathize
with a murderer and thidves. A sul
len silence followed. The prisoner,
placed in a carriage, in wllich a police
man and two Englishmen also rode
the third riding horseback alongsidec
-was driven at a walk through the
dense throng to Alexandria, where mi
courtmartial ordered them to be
The next year that- sheikh called on
Mr. Beamaan at Cairo, brought witlb
him little presents, admitted the jus
tice of his punishmnent, and he andl
Mr. Beaman remained the best oi
friends. The- -faintest sign of weak
ness would have turneda that mob intc
A Perilous Swim.
While our soldiers and sailors were
advancing the flag, las u-..mmer, a
Aeas bu rave s any nf ther was
done by a man of kindred race in far
off Sierra Leone. This thrilling in
cident of the native uprising is de
scribed by a correspondent of the
At Rotofunk, a mission station some
fifty-five miles from the coast, four of
the white missionaries had been
literally hacked to pieces by the
natives. It was said, however, that
Mrs. Kane, the wife of the superin
tendent of the mission, had succeeded
in escaping into the bush.
With the hope of rescuing her, a
force was dispatched from Freetown,!
with orders to push through to Roto
funk without delay. On arriving at
the Ribbi River, hon ever, the force
found that the natives had collected
at Mabang, a town on the opposite
bank, and had withdrawn all canoes
and boats. As the river is over one
hundred and fifty yards broad and six
fathoms deep, a serious obstacle pre
The only officer who knew this part
of the country was Lieutenant W. R.
Howell, of the First Glamorgan
Volunteer Artillery, a member of an
old Cornish family, who had raised a
force of volunteers at the commence
-ment of the rising. He appealed for
volunteers to Awim across .the river
and bring back as many canoes as
possibls, but there was no response,
as not only would the swimmers be
exposed to the full fire of the enemy,
but the river was known to swarm
At length Lieutenant Howell, in
spite of the protestations of his fellow
officers, resolved to make the attempt
himself. .-The enemy, evidently see
ing what he was about to do,.
assembled in force on the opposite
bank, but were driven back some dis
tance and kept at bay by the tiring of
the British volunteers o.ver Lieutenant
Howell's head. .
When the Lieutenant had just
reached mid-stream and was in the
full current, he was seen to .swing
round rapidly on his*Vek; his leg had
beiMg seized by an alligator. It was
only by swinging sharply round that
he succeeded in freeing himself, but
even so his thigh had been tWrn an
lacerated in a shocking manner.
Notwithstanding this injury and the
work of the enemy's guns, the gallant
officer continued his perilous journey,
and at length reached the opposite
bank, only to find that his errand was
fruitless, as all the boats and canoes
had been destroyed.
For more than half an hour he con
tinued his search, but finding the
enemy again pressing him, and feeling
weak from loss of blood, he was com
.pelled to take to the river again, and
got back in safety.
A Hero of the Zulu War of 1879.
It was at the time of the storming of
the formidable fortress of Inhlobane
mountain. This was a fastness con
sidered by the Zulus impregnable, a
huge square mass, with precipitous
sides, and a flat top, four or five miles
long. At either end was a passage up
the mountain, each wellnigh inacces
Major-General Redgers Buller had
charge of the operations at one end,
and before daylight his troops began
the arduous ascent. All went well for
a. time, when suddenly they en
countered a large force of Zulus ap
proaching at an almost incredible
speed. It was necessary to retreat,
and Buller attempted to accomplish
this though the-.ther troops were un
able to cover hiiiin the perilous under
The Zulus thronged around the pre
cipitous path, pouring volley after vol
ley at close range upon the deserted
band. But for Buller's heroic exer
tions the whole force would have been
exterminated. He rallied them again
and again, cheering and encouraging
them by voice and action. Many
troops were dismounted, and to these
he proved an angel of salvation. He
took[two who were in imminent danger
of being cut off, on his. own horse, to a
comparatively safe place. He person
ally saved six lives, besides all that
were saved by his orders and his ex
.ample. Although he had been forty
eight hours in the saddle, and was suf
fering from a painful contusion, he him
self covered the retreat, charging again
and again at the Zulus, thus gaining
time for his men to extricate them
selves from the terrible volley of
Iss Hanna shot a Wild Cat.
Miss Ruth Hanna, daughter of Sena
tor Hanna, is the heroine of a wild cat
hunt which occurred on her father's
game preserve near Thomasville, Ga.,
recently. For some time a large wild
cat has been annoying the other oc
cupants of the preserve, and finally
Miss Hanna determined to get its
Accompanied by Howard Hanna,
her cousin, both being mounted on
fleet horses, she started on the chase
before sunrise. The scent was taken
up by hounds, and for nearly two hours.
the two cousins rode over rough coun
try. Miss Hanna shot the cat when it
took refuge in a tree. She rescued the
carcass from the dogs and bore it home
as a trophy. Sportsmen said it was
one of the biggest animals of the kind
ever seen in that part of the State.
Too Realistic a Drausa.
In Cardiff, Wales, recently, at a tea
entertainiment given to the parishion
er. by the National School, the play
"Red Riding Hood" was acted. The
children had rehearsed in their ordin
ary dresses, and consequently the
wolf-skin was not seen by some of
them until worn on the stage. Oni
the wolf's appearance at the bedside
of the grandmother, the child who
was playing the part of grandmother
gave a realistic yell of dismay and
scrambled out of bed head foremost;
the sight of her fat little form in a
tight nightdress caused much laughter
among the audience as she disap
peared behind the curtains.-Weekly
It is generally '-believed that the
common house martin, which leaves
England 7-hen nesting -time is over,
spends the winter in Africa. Bat, al
though millions of the birds disappeat
from Europe every autumn, the orni,
thologist, Dr. Sharpe, knows of only
one single authentic instance of the
capture of a martin in the Africancon
In a late volume Dr. A. U. Fison
says that "though our own sun hae
paased the zenith of its career, it may,
in the remote future, brighten intc
rivalry with Sirius itself, which i;
seventy-five times hotter and brightei
than our central luminary. The dis
tance from us of Arcturus is founi
million times that of the sun, and hi.
motion of 137 miles in a second must
be continued for 700 years before he
would be carried across a space in tht
heavens which to our eyes would bf
no greater than the width of the moou
at the full."
A new process for coating iron and
steel consists in the use of a bath con
sistina of zinc, tin, and aluminum. It
is claimed that this produces a coat
ing which is much superior to any
now known, adhering so firmly thai
the sheet will stand working after it
has been applied and will resist corro
sion and can even be heated red hot
without injuring it. The coating if
applied in the same manner as in the
well-known process of galvanizing,
that is, by dipping galvanized sheets
in the metal alloy. The most ap
proved mixture is made by melting
together 81 parts of zinc, 14 parts of
tin, and 1? parts of lead and 0- of a
part of aluminum. The process is
An interesting paper on the 'cfcts
of light at very low temperatures was
recently submitted to the Paris Aca't
emy of Sciences by MM. Auguste and
Louis Lumiere. By using liquid air
they were able to obtain very low
temperatures, and when a sensitized
gelatino-bromide plate was immersed
in it and exposed to light for a short
time, no tint was shown on develop
ment. When the plates were im
mersed in the liquid air, but allowed
to regain their original temperature
without being exposed to the light,
they did not show any changes in
their properties. If, however, plates
of great sensitiveness were exp.,sed at
-191 degrees Centigrade, they re
quired an exposure about .fqur hun
dred times as long as at ordinary tem
As a motive power, the explosive
force of liber.a;ed.hea,hao.ofcourse,
long been utilized, but .t seems that
to the ingenuity of Rudolf Diesel, a
Bavarian inventor, is due the con
struction of a practically available
heat motor. In this <evice, which is
technically explained at much length
in the foreign scientific journals, a
shamr distinction is made between the
te:perature of ignition and the tem
perature of combustion. The first of
these is a constant value at eact pres
sure and dependent only on the phys
ical qualities of the fuel, the higher
the pressure the lower the tempera
ture of ignition. Tue temperature of
combustion, on the other hand, is
variable, depending on many condi
tions, and especially on the quality of
the air by which the combustion is
maintained, but is always higher than
the temperature of iguition. Briefly,
Diesel's radical departure from all
previous practice is defined as consist
ing in generating1 a combustion tem
perature by mechanical compression
of pure air by ingeniously adapted
methods, utilizing this temperature to
ignite the fuel, and by so introducing
the fuel that the heat lost by expan
sion is practically balancea by the
heat added by combustion.
What Presidente Cost.
Presidents "come high, but we
have got to have them." It costs us
114,865 a year for a Chief Execu
tive. His salary is $50,000 and
"found," as our Western neighbors
say. The President's finding is rather
comprehensive, covering about every
possible requirement of a family. His
private secretary, the clerks, door
keepers, messengers and steward, and
three other servants cost us $33,865 a
year. Then there is a contingent
fund of $8000 a year, which the Presi
dent may use according to his discre
In furniture and repairs to the
White House the sum of $16,000
more, to be used by the direction of
the President, is provided by the na
tion and is always expended. For
fuel alone 83000 is allowed, and for
necessary repairs to) the greenhouse
there is 84000.
Altogether the Presidential "find
ing" amounts to the snug sum of $64,
865, nearly $15,000 a year more than
his salary. The two aggregate S114,
865. Tuis is an imposing aggregate,
but it is small compared with other
Presidents. The President of the
French Republic receives as salary
8120000' a year. 832,480 for con
tingent lprpse and a handsome
house, rent free. So we get our
Prsident rather cheaply, after all.
New Chinese Nuts.
The ly-chee nut has appeared above
the horizon as the latest accessory to
the luncheon or dinner party. It
cmes from China, and in appear
auc, taste and odor has all the ori
eialismi of most such products. Be
side becing hard to obtain, it is suffi
eethy dear to prevent its becoming
common, while it also possesses the
value of being a decided novelty. But
no hostess need fear that her guests
will consume too many ly-chee nuts,
to the exclusion of other viands on
the table, for while they taste as san
dalwood s weetened might be supposed
to taste, two are about as many as the
m.on palate cares for.
THUMB SIGNATU'ES LtLAL
Fin;;er Marks Adnissible as Eriucnce 13
Law Courts in Tudia.
A bill has just beeii passert by ihe
Imperial Legislative Council of India
making finger-mart impressions aj->
missible as evidence. in courts of law.
The reason for this measure is that
the system of taking thumb marks for
the identification of prisoners was in
troduced in several of the Indian
prisons some time ago, but in a test
case brought before the Calcutta High
Court it was decided that under the
existing Indian Evidence act these
impressions were not admissible as
evidence. There was also the diffi
cuhy of classifying and indexing the .
finger impressions, but this has since
been overcome by a system elaborated
by the Inspectoi--General of Police in
Bengal, and the bill now before the
Indian Office in England will probably
become law, states the Sun.
in a country like India, where the
people are so illiterate, the mere
affixing of a mark certified to by wit
nesses to a- document has little legal
value, the facilities afforded to forgery
being so great. But the imprint of
the lines of the thumb or of one of the
fingers is a personal mark not easily
falsified or mistaken. This method
has been in use in the past in various
countries, but.it is the first time that
it has been introduced into modern
law, and its working will be watched.
with no little interest.
It is an interesting fact that the
conventional substitute in Turkish
official documents for the royal or im
perial arms on those of other countries
is the modified form of the representa
tion of the human hand. The toughra,
as it is called, or sign manual, derives
its origin from an incident in Ottoman
history. One of the earlier Sultans,
being unable to write, and having no
'seal convenient on the occasion of the
signing of a treaty, placed his hand
on the ink pad and imprinted its mark
on the treaty in token of ratification.
WORDS OF WISDOM.
We love justice greatly and just men
You can only make others better by
being good yourself.-Haweis.
Look. upon your troubles as the
shadows of .coming mercies.-C. H.
A great ideal love must destroy
either itself or the being who feels it.
Life is a stream upon which drift
flowers in spring and blocks of ice in -
Take care what yoa say before a
wall, as you can not tell who may be
behind it.-Saadi. -
He is the greatest whose itrength
carries up the most hearts by the at.
traction of his own. -Roux.
Order of every kind turns at last to
pedastry, and to get rid of one, people
destroy the other; and so it goes on
for a while, until people perceive that
order must be established anew.
Nothing is clearer than that those
who would be happy must cease to
seek happiness. and ask onlythepnrivi.
lege of giving. The song will rise ini
our hearts when we cease to live for
ourselves and -begin to live for the
good that we can do.-Amory H.
He only is great of heart who floods
the world with a great affection. He
only is great of mind who stirs3h'"
world with great ,thoughts. He only - --
is great of will who does something to
shape the world to a great career. And
he is greatest who does the most of all
these things and* does them best.
Roswell D. Hitchcock.
Rezniniscenes of Dickens.
One of London's favorite actresses,
the late M:rs. Keeley, was fond of tell
ing how Dickens superintended the
rehearsals of "Nicholas Nickleby"
in which she assumed the character of
Smike-though he did not care much
about any of his works being 'drama- -__
tized. The adapter had put into
Smike's mouth a lot of stuff about the
little robins in the field. "I1 shall
never forget Dickens's face when he
heard me repeating those lines," she
said. Turning to the prompter he
said, "Confound the robins! Cut 'em
One of Mrs. Keeley's most trying
experiences was the first night of
"Nicholas Nickleby." As Smike she
was made up as a most sad and desti
tute-looking object. The curtain went
up and he was dis-covered sitting
alone before a wretched fire. The
gloom was so deep that it was some
time before the audience saw him.
Then they burst out ini a loud roar of
laughter. The favorite actress had
been playing comic parts, and they
mistook this for one. However; sh's
stood it out, though she says it was
the most difficult task she ever had.
Then she spoke a few words, and the
laughter ceased. There was a dead
silence, and, as it were, .a stirled sob;
and in a few minutes there was searcely
a dry eye in the house. -
A Princess' Autograph Bookr.
The Princess Victoria of Wales has
an interesting collection of autographs
and original drawings, and has lately
intrusted her album to Sig. Tosti, that -.
he may procure for her as many addi- -~
tions as possible to her mementos of
Brne-Jones, a short time before his
death, contributed a sketch to thi~ 4
book; Alma-Tadema and Megghetti .:.
are represented, and the Princess has --
the autographs of most of the distin
guished people of the day. Princess
Victoria is not alone among royalties
as an autograph collector, for Queen
Victoria possesses a very valuable cot
lection of autographs, to which in
many cases she has added her own
comments and opinions of the people