TRI WEEKLY EDITICs WINNSBORO. S.C.. MAY 31, 1900,. ETABLISHEFD 1844.
DON'T LET THE SONG C
Don't let the song ao out of your life
Though it chaneo sometimes to flow
In a minor strain, it will blend again
With the major tone. you know.
What though shadows rise to obscure lifu's
And hide for a time the sun;
3y sooner will lift and reveal the rift,
It-you let the meiody run.
Don't let the song go out of your life;
Thouah your voice may have lost its
Though the tre:nulous note should die in
Let it sing in your spirit -till.
There is never a pain that hides not some
And never a cup of rue
So bitter to sup but what in the cup
Lurks a measure of sweetness too.
The strong sunshine which poured
through the skylight of the big studio
was tempered and diffused by a white
mnslin screen painted with blue drag
ons, while tall vases, plaster bas re
1%K bits of odd tapestry, a palm tree
org a brass tea urn and a luxuri
_Ou#ivan with pillows three deep
- ve the room an air at once artiuic
ALan ' ewinine. Five young women
-or standing atlha easele,
Vbincharc6il sticks, others
pesero'their thumbs, all in
natmastering the difficulties of
f&e " values" -or "planes,"
isth, with her hair unbound
earing a flowing red robe, rep
esented their idea of a Moorish hero
ne. Outside the buzz and roar of
New York throbbed on the afternoon
elevated trains shrieked and
street calls rose and fell,
gardy on the next corner
t a once popular tune, but
oticed these noises any more
country plowboy notices the
hing all day through the
rest, Nora," announced
d while the wor- .
ewi d ti
'' =. ra's Jace. Goodnes
-t in thiatI" she thought,
straightening herself. " Dick,
Dick! What would you say if
"You pose: ve-ry well ; you've done
Rtbeforeao doubt," observed one of
Sgirli-in a tone of serene patron
yge, bat Miss Haviland broke in kind
ly, before Honora had time to reply:
Th, no," she said, "Nora isn't a
regular 'model. She just came to
oblige us, didn't you, Nora ?"
"Pose ! " cried Grace Hunt in a
ear, high voice, consulting her
th;the captive's diumple disap
ared ;she hastily resumed her sta
tion and attitude, and the sorrowvful
look agai crept over her face. The
young ladies returned to their stools,
and for some moments nothing was
heard but the squeaking of charcoal
and the scraping of paillette knives.
" The line of the neck is good1, but
she's distinctly toothin, and her arms
are unsatisfactory," dezlared Mirs.
Tremaine, selecting a flat brush and
squeezing some raw sienna out of a
tube. She was a young widow, ma
tronized the apartmzent andl spoke ex
actly as if the girl had been a lay fig
ure or a block of wood.
"Your nose is to' long and you are
an ill man~nere1 iceberg also," thought
Honora, vindictively, with such a rush
of blood to her cheeks that severely
heightened the tint of their portraits
with a touch of rose-madder.
Honora went homne that night with
$2 in hey' pocket and insulted pride in
her heart. Home for her now was a
mere closet under the roof of a neigh
boring apartment house.
" Who is she, anyway?'" asked
Grace, carelessly, as the friends com
pared canvases after the model's de
parture. " She has a stunning head
of hair. You say she is not a profes
" Oh, no; she's a girl who has done
plain sewing for Mrs. Lawvrence, on
the fifth floor. I happened to see her
there and thought she looked paint
able. Sue needed the money, I guess,
by the look of her hollow eves," an
sw~ered 3Miss Haviland, half remorse
A month passed after the pictures
were finished, and the fair students
of the Iverness did not see Honora ---
never thought of her. Early one
SJanuary morning, however, the pri
vate bell rang and Elizabeth went to
"Why, how do you do-ah-Katy,
no, Nora, isn't it?" she said, with'
her kindly smile. "So you want to
pose forn us again, do you ? But you
look thin, have you been ill ?"
____ "No, thank you; I'm quite well. I
'. would rather not pose, but I thought
Uyou might have some sewving for me --
possibly' - one of you ladies," stain
-"Well, sit down and I'll speak to
b.e others." The girl sank into a
chair in the dark little corridor, for
her limbs trembled under her. 3Iiss
SHavilar d, when she camne back, ap
peared somewvhat at a loss for the
right word herself.
"We don't seem to have much in
the way of sewing," she began, but .i
suspect that Providence may have
sent you to our relief, after all. You
know~ four of us girls-the four that
you saw-live here with Mr-s. Tre
mai in a suite of rooms. and we've8
0 OUT OF YOUR LIFE. !o
)on': let the song go out of your life; a
Ah: it never would need to go,
:f with thought more true and a broader
We looked at this life below. 4
3h, why should we moan that life's spring
time ha ilown,
Or sigh for the lair summer time? c
The autumn hath days filled with pmans of i
And the winter hath bells that chime.
Don't let the song go out of your life; c
Let it ring in the soul while here.
And when you go hence it shall follow you
And sing on in another sphere. C
Then do iiot despond and say that the fond,
Sweet songs of your life have flown,
For if ever you knew a song that was true, c
Its music is still your own. t
--Kate It. Stiles. in Boston Transcript.
's H it.
been housekeeping by turns, getting
our breakfast and lunch and taking E
dinner at the cafe. But we are all
tired of the arrangement, and we've 1
been thinking if we could get some
nice" -Miss Haviland hesitated -
"refined young woman to cook the
meals and keep everything comfort
able, it would be a good idea all
round. Can you cook ?"
"Yes." Honora's tongue really
wouldn't say ma'am, so she made it
"Miss Haviland " instead.
"Then what do you say .to trying
it ? We put ont the laundry work, so
it would be easy housekeeping," and
the young artist went on to speak of t
wages and the usual " Saturday after
The candidate asked for an hour to f
consider the matter. She walked up
to the park and sat down on one of.
the wooden benches near the Fifty
ninth street entrance. Honora thought
ow she had come to the city only
(dur months ago, fired with the 1
a ms of a larger life, and utterly ig- 2
anrant of its difficulties, disappoint- e
nts and perils. She thought of the s
ne start she had made, her con
troubr-Z.ted rom#I.a&day, f
Iwas promptly accepteand the check
which came back seemed to open out
a dazzling prospect of wealth, fame
and a "career." One or two later
entures proved equally fortunate,
nd then nothing would do but go to
New York and try her fortune. Of
course her elders remonstrated, but
Honora's strong will and abundant
relish for adventure carried the day.
Dick stormed, protested and implored
- but what was a six-rco'm cottage, t
even with Dick, to a girl stage struck r
for the tr'iunmphs of a world theatre? '
Of the succeeding months Honora 1
did not like to think - their pitiless
lessons were still gall to her spirit.
Enouigh to say that she had left the I
expensive boarding house, and, too
prond to confess her straits or ask i
hell) from home, taken the poorest r
of lodgings. Even so, withi a needle i
instead of a pen in her hand, the i
stuggle was too hard, the battle was
At this point in her meditations
Honora jumped upl anid said to her'
"I'll (do it ! It's better than starv
ing, better than posing and better
than destroying my eyes and ruining
my temper by' sewing 14 hours a day.C
I'll let them call me Nora and thinkt
i's mue Oirish unme," she declared,
under her breath, "and I'il give them
some first rate Yankee c'ooking and go t
to the free lectures and concerts and a
the museums, so that my time won't I
be all wasted. .I'll take upl my de- c
spised diary again, and when I get
home in .June I'll make a clean breast
to )-ick" t
"Nora," said Mrs. Tremaine ono r
May morning, shaking out the folds
of her gown, "I expect a gentleman
from Philadelphia to din ncr tonight,
so lay an additional plate and have
something a little extra, will you, and
pretty flowers'9" for "Elizabeth's pro
tegee " was trusted now even to
choose the bouquets. " He's the edi
tor of 'Pettingill's,' " she said, turn
ing to Grace. "A remarkable man!"
Nora's heart gave a little flutter, but
it died out immediately.
The gentleman duly arrived, and
between the ice and coffee he observed
to his hostess: "Cousin Laura, I came
to town today partly to see one of our
contributors. Last winter a manu
script reached the office which struck I
us all as something quite extraordin
ay. It was in the form of a diar'y,
puporting to have been found in the
roomi of an unknown girl who lost her<
reason from sheer stat'vation in a I
welto-do q1uarter of Gotham. She is I
a Down East girl, with literary ambi
tions, and in her loneliness keeps one I
of those voluminess journals that no 1
one really w-rites nowadays with won
derful freshness and country wvit. It
might have been written for her
mo:her's eyes, or a lover's, perhaps;
it reveals her follies and her virtues<
both with such perfect spontanec us
ness. When literature fails he.r she
tries sewing, and even posin'g for art i
students, amnd she hits off the fine
ladies and sisters of your craft with a i
most delicious mixture of satire and
enviousness. But through it all runs
the tragi.' sense of the rushing power1
of her environment, closing upon her
like the remorseless jaws of a tr .p.
The last four entries describe her sen
at food, after a grand dame fails to
av her for the work she has done,
nd it breaks off with the first inco
erent ravings of coining insanity. I
ever read anything more weird or
owerful in its way than that last cry
"Tell us who wrote it, quick !" ex
laimed Grace, who felt a light break
ig in on her.
"That's an odd thing about it.
'he sketch was unsigned, and the ac
oinpauying slip giving the author's
ane and address was accidentally
ast. We had it put in type and de
ided to publish it, thinking that the
criter would see and claim it. I have
he advance sheets here, but yester
.ay, by good luck, the missing paper
urned up and I determined to run in
nd explain matters to the presum
bly irate lady in person. The ad
ress, I believe, is in this neigebor
ood ; the name" - Mr. Phillips took
mt a memorandum slip and regarded
t through his eyeglasses - "Miss
lonora Graves. Why, what is it ?
)o you know her ? "
Fortunately Nora was in the kitchen
turing the ensuing conversational
She took her laurels very quictly
rhen they were placed tumultuously
n her brow. Sitting among the girls
rho welcomed her now as .a sister
'arti'st," she told them how the idea
f transcribing her diary occurred to
ier as a last resort in the midst of a
tarving week, which came near to
nding as tragically in reality as on
When no reply was received she
,ave up all literary projects, and
,asped the 3rst op'portunity that
hai-ce threw in her way - no other
an Miss Elizabeth's offer.
But upon being hailed as a promis
ag "lion," with a careerpening be
re her, 'our Honora very frankly and
mphatically disclaimed the idea. "I
iight never subceed again,'' she said.
'This wasn't art, but plain truth,
hich was forced out of me by the
>inch of reality, and I don't want to
ave the screw put on a second time.
o; if New York. has done nothing
Ise for me, at least it has tamed my
inbition and taught me my place."
"But what shall you do ? You
avel incognito Arid
sleeve, now that
9ohome a aveY!t
in Manila, Philippine Islands.
On a farm in West Virginia there is
n apple tree which is eight feet five
aches around. In 1880 85 bushels of
pples were gathered from it, and sold
t the apple house for $60. The tree
5 75 years old, and is still bearing.
Some of the wooden churches of
orway are fully 700 years old, and are
till in an excellent state of preserva
ion. Their timbers have successfully
esisted the frosty and almost Arctic
rinters because they have been re
eatedly coated with tar.
In Belgium organ grinders are comn
elled by law to play each morning
efore the police magistrate, who
aust be satisfied that their instru
2ents are in tune. An organ which
out of tune must be put in order
efore a license is issued to the player.
The practice of eating arsenic is very
revalent amiong the peasautry of the
ountainous distriets of Austria, Hun
ary and France. They declare that
his poison enables them to ascend
ith ease heights which they could
nly otherwise climb with great (is
ress to the chest.
People are right or left eyed just as
hey are right or- left handed, and just
s the right hand is usually the more
owerful, so is the right eye. Only
ne person in 10 is left sighted. It is
ery probable that the use of weapons
uring countless ages has had some
hing to do with the extra p~ower of the
Two curiosities in American ship.
milding have recently been completed
t San Francisco. Tfhey are stern
rheel launches for use on the Amoor
iver, Siberia, and when loaded they
traw but six inc-hes of water. They
re :35 feet in length, 12 feet in beam,
ud have a hold 24 inches in depth.
hev have made seven knots an hour
n their trial trips, and the engines
re wonderfully light and compact.
It is not a common thing to see a
hurch bell up a tree, yet there is one
a the p)arish of Therfield, Herts, Eng
and, which occupies this unique po
ition. Rather more than 20 years
go the church was rebuilt. There
ere not, however, sufficient funds to
omplete the rebuilding, and the up.
:r portion of the tower and church
enaiu untinishied to thbe present time.
is there was no belfry in which to
lace the bells, one was hung on the
irach of a large walnut tree in the
Side views of Life.
When a man tires of himself his
:sas is hopeless.
If a minister aims his remarks at
iimself he is prett~y sure to hit nine
enths of hir congregationl.
Many a true word is spoken when
wo women have a quarrel.
Wise is the woman who doesnt ex
ect a man to love her wvhen he is
There are many different brands of
olishness. A man indulges in one
~ind when he traduees his enemies.
..C hicago News.
The Boy of the Family.
Now, if anyone has an easy time
In this world of push and lull,
It is not the boy of the family.
For his hands are always full.
I'd like to ask who fills the stove?
Where is the girl that could?
Who brings in water, who lights the fire?
And splits the kindling wood? .
And who is it that cleans the walks,
After hours of snowing? ,
In summer, who keeps down the weeds
By diligently hoeing?
And who must harness the faithful horse,
When the girls would ride about?
And who must clean the carriage?
The boy, you'll own, no dbubt.
nd who does the many oth~r -things
Too numerous to mention''
The boy is the "general utility man,"
And really deserves a pension!
Friends, just praise this boy sometimes,
When he does his very best;
And don't always want the easy chair
When he's taking a little rest.
Don't let him always be the last
To see the new magazine;
And sometimes let the boy be heard,
As well as to be seen.
That boys are far from perfect,
Is understood by all;
But they have hearts, remember.
For "men are boys grown tall."
And when a boy has been working
His level best for days,
It does him good, I tell you,,
To have some hearty praIse.
He's not merely a combination
Of muddy boots and uoise,
And he likes to be'lookeddpon.
As one of the family joys.
Keep Your Head- Up.
One of the best way in the world
to keep the shoulders traight is to
hold the head up in the air. If you
go with your head Io ping forward
you look like an enervated apology
f6r yourself, and prett oon you will
begin to feel as "han dog" as yow
look. A long-continued habit of
keeping the head beif orward tends
to develop the char ties that the
attitude implies, you t slouchy in
your dress, irreso u e h our habit of I
speech, .absent-dack- and likely
eqough, fii oor, sneaking
counterfeit a. r. So hold
up your head and it ivill
helpir yet st.spirit
ts'of otk inter
high up that you
t all unless you
ulders and lift up
ral and honorable
ead tends to make
-4he- chest hol
low, the gait r tendency
is always to be nd
so we find that sto. d"
persons develop lung trouble, spial
tronble and a generally undersirab),3
condition. Hold up your headl
Listening for Noisex.
There had been a 'ry bedtime
romp and the -ent eeper was just
wondering how to qiet her little
Lodgers for sleep, when Four-Years
solved the problem for her by sud
denly suggesting, "Let's listen for
The windows were open to let in
the sweet air of the summer evening,
and the Lodgers all settled themselves
into comfortable positions to prevent
any rustling. The Transient also
settled herself with an air of expect
ancy to see what was coming. When
all were ready, the Homiekeeper gave
the word, "Now!" and the mystified
Transient sat for three or four long
minutes in what seemed to her total
silence, wondering if somie spell had
been east over the Lodgers and put
them all to sleep.
The silence was broken at last by
the Homekeeper asking, "How
many!" and the quick answ, showed
that something else thaL sleep had
kept the Lodgers quiet.
''Seven!" ''Four!" ''Nine!" ''Six!"
were the various answers given, and
the Transient was astonished at the
list of sounds heard when she had
heard nothing. The ticking of the
clock, the night call of a bird, the
chirp of a cricket, the distant barking
of a dog, the far-away rumble of an
electric car, a long breath from Fou
Years, who had found it hard to keep
quite still so long. he far-off rattle of
a wagon, the shutting of a door in the
next house and the rustle of the
Transient's dress were all noted.
The advantages of this simple game
The Tater Baby.
There was once a little girl named
Ruth who had a great many dolls.
One day her father brought her a new
one, the funniest of thema all.
It was a big potato that had a head,
a neck and a body. In the head were
two Byes, and a little hump between
for a nose.
Wasn't Ruth delighted? She be
gan right away to dress her "tater
abv." First she stuck in sticks for
arms, then she put on a blue check
dress, and tied on a blue knit cape
and a blue bonnet.
She found a shoe box, and brother
Ned helped her make a carriage out of
it. He tied a string to it and put
spools underneath. Then the new
dolly went to ride.
Every night Ruth put her baby into
the closet in her bedroom.
Sometimes she put it out on the
piazza roof to get an airing and tied
the string to a blind so that the car
riage could not slip down.
Once she forgot and left her baby
out on the roof all night. When
morningcame she went to the window
and looked out but there was no car
riage, and uo dolly.
Then she ran downstairs and out
of-doors as quickly as she could.
There, on the ground, lay the poor
aby, but itn had wa hroken quite
Ruth caught it up and ran in cry
ing. She did not stop crying until
Ned stuck the head on with a stick,
and tied it with a string to hold it on
tight. Then "the tater baby" looked
almost as good as new.
But one day a still worse thing hap
pened. Ruth was taken sick, and the
new dolly was put into the closet and
left there a long, long time. When
Ruth got better she thought of her
baby, and went to get it.
Her mother heard a loud scream
and hurried upstairs to see what was
the matter. There stood Ruth, sob
bing as if her heart would break.
"What has happened, my child?"
said her mother.
"Oh, oh," sobbed Ruth, "Ned has
spoiled my baby'"
"Where is it? And what has he
"In the closet. He stuck sticks all
over it, and it is spoiled?"
Her mother went to the closet, took
up the dolly, and at the funny sight
that met her eyes, she could not help
Ruth looked at her in wonder, and
"Why, Ruthie,Ned has not touched
your dolly! It has sprouted!" said
And sure enough it had. There
was a long sprout on the end of its
nose, and two coming out of the eyes.
They were sticking out of the holes in
the bonnet and the cape, and hanging
down below the dress.
Ruth did not like it at all. She de
clared that she did not want a dolly
that would do like that, so one day
"the 'tater baby" was taken out-of
doors and put into the ground, where
it grew, and in time became a big
green potato plant. -The Favorite.
Billie Fairfield's Promise.
When Billie took the milk to Mrs.
Seldn one morning, and she asked
him if he would bring another quart
that night,he said "Yes'm" promptly,
and then never thought of it again
until he was in bed.
''Well, I can't take it now," said
Billie; but he could not go to sleep,
though he turned . and tossed and
twisted.till he was tired. At last he
went to thea head of. the stairs and
Mrs. Fairfield had just threaded
her needl and stretched a stocking
ith*b.k hole in it over her hand.
Oh, dear!" but sife went to
we fh illie wanted.
"ou'l have to go now," she said
quietly, -en he had told her.
"O ther! I can't go away up
there a ne." Mrs. Fair~eld knew
that, for Billie was never out alone at
night. His father had gone to bed
downstairs with the baby, andif they
waked him, baby would wnike too.
So Mrs. Fairfield thought.a minute.
Then she said, "We'll see. I'll have
the milk ready when you come
heR i ot into the kitchen,
is ther stoots r witt
at and shawl -on. Billie began to
feel ashamed.- He wished he dared
to go alone, but he did not, for it was
a lonesome road. He took the milk
and they tramped over the snow up
the long hill without a word. The
wind blew in their faces and Billie's
ears were cold, but he had the milk
can in one hand and pulled his sled
with the other, so there was no way
to warm them. He was ashamed to
ask his mother to take the milk.
Mrs. Selden exclaimed when she
opened the door:, "Why, what made
you come away up here tonight? And
you, too, Mrs. Fairfield. It's too badi
I could have got along somehow with
out the milk."
"Billie promised you," Mris. Fair
field answered. And Billie wished
nobody would look at him.
"'Twasn't any matter, she said,
mother," he urged, when they had
started for home again.
The wind was in their backs now,
and Billie's ears were warm.
sBuy the truth, and sell it out,"
sahis mother. "The matter was
your promise, Billie. Would you sell
the truth just to get rid of walking up
to Mrs. Selden's!"
Billie made no answer. He was
Presently he asked his mother if she
would slide down hill. Mrs. Fairfield
laughed, but she was a small woman,
and she tucked herself up on the front
of the sled, while Billie stuck on be
hind, and they slid down the long hill
to their own yard, where Billie skill
fully steered in. His mother praised
the way he managed his sled, but
Billie was still uncomfortable.
"Why doa't you do something to
me, mother?" he said, while they were.
warming themselves at the big coal
stove in the sitt'ag room. "I b'lieve
I'd feel better to have a good whip
His mother smiled at him.
"'Twould be prietty hard work for
me to whip such a big boy as you are.
Don't you want to help instead of
making me do more? I'll tell you
how you will be punished, Billie,"
she continued. "It's too late to finish
mending these stockings tonight, so I
shall mend thenm tomorrow when I was
going to make a cottage pudding and
therell be no pudding for dinner."
Cottage pudding was Eiillie's favor
ite desert, and this was a blow that
he laid to heart.
He and his father would say "cot
tage pudding" to each other for a long
time afterward, if anything was in
danger of being neglected or forgotten.
And when Billie had grown to be 3
man, and people said, ".Just give me
Billie Fairfield's word: that's all I
want," Billie would smile and say,
"Yes, my mother taught me to keep a
promise."-Sunday School Times.
She-Yes, a woman's first duty is to
He-What's a man's first duty?
She-Why, to become the husband
of some nice girl, of course.
FOR FARM AND GARDEN.
Holding San Jose Scle in Check.
The San Jose scale is widely dis
tributed and can never be extermin
ated. For many years it will remain
a coutant meance to fruit growing.
We believe that the weight of evidence
shows that it can be held in check as
thoroughly as is the plum curculio or
the codling moth. Those who set
fruit of any kind in the future should
insist upon all the stock being fumi
gated, thus greatly checking the
spread of this dreaded pest on nursery
Crasshoppera Riefuse Clover.
A Kansas farmer makes the state
ment thatlast year he sowed his rye
field about the middle of March,using
equal parts of clover and timothy
seed. He obtained a fair stand, but
during the month of June the grass
hoppers came along and cleaned out
the timothy but did not touch the
If this is the case throughout t"
West, that grasshoppers don't care for
clover, it will be a big thing for those
located in the sections where grass
hoppers are abundant. It is earnestly
hoped that it is so, though no doubt
the grasshoppers would take the
clover upon being deprived of other
Fall Calves the Beit.
Fall calves subsist largely upon
milk, and take but little room in the
shed; and there is more time in the
winter to give them attention. They
will be ready for the spring pastures,
and make good progress from the
start, and enter the barn in the fall
again to get full benefit of solia rations
there provided for them.
Spring calves are incapable' of re
ceiving much benetit, from grass the
first season, because for some time
after birth the ruminating stomach is
undeveloped, and, between summer
heat and the pestiferous flies, the
thin-skinned creature has a sorry time
of it; but under natural conditions
most of them come in the spring.
Starting a Strawberry Patch.
When starting a strawberry patch
select only young, red-rooted plants
for setting. For a family garden two
first earlies, two medinur and two late
varieties are sufficIM t and one of
each season would prfbibly be better.
It is best to set strawberries in the.
spring. Early setting .is not impor
tant, but they. should be planted
when the gronuaic.n, i p1 in good
condition and given clean culture
until late in autumn. Care should be
taken to remove all blossoms the first
season. Place the'plants in rows four
feet wide and 20 to 24 inch
the row. rs along t e
' e rows so as to fill up a
matted row about one foot wide. It
is well to prevent the plants from set
ting in a tight mat. This can be ac
complished by pulling off runners after
the plants have set sufficiently heavy.
Control of Asparagus Rust.
Asparagus rust first came into no
tice iu August, 1896, and at that time
was confined to New England, New
York, New Jersey and Delaware. In
1897 it spread into the southern states.
By 1898 it had spread westward as far
as Michigan, and inchuled Ohio, In
diana and Illinois, and recently it a
been reported found in North T).kota.
This example shows the extremely
rapid growth and advance of the dis
ease, and also that it can be carried
long distances by the wind.
Fields in closed bv forests and hills
are not so exposed to rust as those in
the open. Rust of this form cannot
be treated like superficial fungi su ch~
as mnil'dew. Spraying has not been
found satijsfactory as a cuire for aspara
gas rust, as has bacen shown by ex
perimnent on six kinds of asparagus
with 10 applications. As a result,
asparagus growers are cultivating a
shorter and stronger gro)wth. In some
cases insects are found to feed upon01
the spores and are quite a substantial
check upon rust. No treatment of
soil can he relied upon, and, in fact,
little can be donie when plants are
once infected. The last resort is to
furnish the very best conditions for
the growth of the plant.
Advantaze of Farmner' Institutes.
Farmers' institutes are gradually
growing in favor with the peoule.
Their usefulness is no longer doubted
by the progressive farmer. It brings
men and women from different parts
of the county and state together with
their experience and store of infor
mation upon the various branches of
agriculture, horticulture, stock rais
ing, dairying, etc. This information
is freely given for the benefit of alL
The information received at these in
stitutes furnishes a short cut to many
useful reforms on the farm. Some of
the most progressive farmers of the
state are thiere as instructors. They
teach us many things of value that
might take us years to find out by ex
perience. We can hardly estimate
the advantages derived at .these in
stitutes by those who attend and then
put in practice what they learn. We
get valuable information along the line
of breeding and raising stocks of all
kind-how to rotate our crops so as to
keep up the fertility of the soil and to
secure best results, how to dispose of
or utilize the crops grown to realiza
In addition to all valuable informia
tion brought out by discussion and an
interchange of thought at these far
mers' institutes, they have a tendency
to broaden the views of the farmer. It
makes him more intelligent, more
social, a better farmer in every sense
of the word. It teaches him
that brains, intelligence and refine
ment areas necea-r upon the farm,
in the kitchen, the parlor, as in the
merchant's counting room, the law
yer's office, or at the banker's till;
that the farmer has brains to feed, a
mind to cultivate, as well as stock -and
fields. They are calculated to give a
man confidence in himself which en
able him to get on his feet and ex
press himself freely and intelligently
upon the various questions brought
before the institute for discussion.
High Platforms for Cleanliness.
The first and most essential item in
order to produce milk that will be
clean and free from stable odors is the
stable and platform on which the
cows stand. When I built my new
barn last year, I put the platform
eight inches above the gutter, and
the planks were sawed just fohr feet
four inches from the stanchions to the
gutter, with only one inch slant. The
gutter is 20 inches wide and slants
back the thickness of a shingle under
it on the sleepers. The scuttles are
back of it in the main floor between
every other sleeper.
My stable is on the south side of the
barn and has a six-pane 9xI3 glass
window every five feet. For several
hours in the middle of the day, the
sun shines directly on the cows' hind
quarters. The droppings are hoed
down three times a day, and the cows
are carded and cleaned off once a
week. There is no manure . on tle
platform or cows, and I hear.o com
plaint of "cowy" milk among my cas,
tomers. A two-inch plank platform
is no good at all, a four-inch one
not enough, a six-inch one- is bell
but one eight inches high isju t
and it should not be over feI
six inches long' for a Iarge
this height, keep it nearly
have seen no trouble in co
of.-S. A. T., inATewn
at least to,enable Jim
whether ornot his hers ^
correctly shod. In th
shdeing there are maiy
as is true of every t r
ness. The farmerk
nothing about this iwyrtaa i
really lacks the power of proW .
his - teams against i
too, of a very serious nature.
of- e bad cases of lamenestam
horse are due to bad shoein ud
is no. imon thing-fou the
inarian o look after N*
horse to or i
foot removed. wn
one veterinarian th*
from a lame horse re
the sole causeo
more than a of'an
on one ' The resuit.was that the
at every step a&ftmed his
cords till they were reduced to sucht-'...
condition that every step ot even
movement of the leg meant intense
pain. How long do some of, our
horses suffer before we find it out?
The owner should see-to it that the
shoes are made to fit the feet of tho
horses and tbt the feet be not
trimmed down to fit the shoe. . It
often happens that the .blacksmith
puts a red-hot shoe onto the foot,.
burning away the horn of the foot and
insuring the quality of the foot beyond
the part burned. If the shoe is too
small he nails it on and thou cuts and
pares and hasps the foot down to it.
Corns on the horses' feet are too fre
quently due to bad shoeing, and the
same may be said of interfering. The
sale price of many a horse is lowered
because of the appearance of some
trouble that is, unknown to the owner,
due only to ignorance on the part of
the man thatplut on the last set of
shoes. Unfortunately, it is not al
ways easy to effect a cnre of the de
fects that are so easily produced.
Furthermore some of the things that
have been brought on by bad shoeing
can only be got rid of by skillful shoe
ing to offset them. We are sometimes
led to the conclusion that we need
qualified horseshoeis about as badly
as we need more qualified veterina
rians. -Farm, Field and Fireside.
Farm an~d Garden Notes.
-Everyon% who has a taste for en
tomology onuht to keel) bees.
The farmer has many good friends,
but none so faithful as 'clover.
Mold from the woods is a big thing
for house plants. Give it a triaL.
Earthworms can be got rid of by
giving the ground a liberal salting.
The increased value of meat ought
to be an ene-ouragement to those who
It can never be expected that any
animal will thrive without a proper
amount of food.
The farmer himself should attend to
all matters pertaining to the packing
and shipping of his produce.
In putting up a building in which
to keel) cows or milk special attention
should be paid to ventilation.
The average yield of potatoes is not
half what it would be if proper methods
were practiced by the farmers.
A great deal of the trouble experi
ened in churning can be overcome by
having the cream properly ripened.
Strawberries will do well on almost
any well-drained soil, so don't deny
yourself or your family this luxury.
The man who does not make it a
point to see the sun rise every day is
not the man for the farming business..
When there is a deficiency in the.
hay crop it should be supplied by one
or more of the numerous fodder
rops. _________ __
Pay, Pay, Pay.
Collector-This is three times
have asked you to pay.
Betem - You're another of
"Absent-Minded Beggar" el
sts, aren ..--Batihr e A
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