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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, December 04, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067705/1900-12-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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2 knew a forest hoar that broods
From trodden pathways far apart,
.Into whose inner solitudes
Yoa may retire with open heart;
.'lece-ive from the unbending pine -
W.a .e'er "i rectitude you ask;
And tarnetr from the strenuous vine
The arengtn to cleave unto your task;
earr patience frorr the tireless rill
That through the bed-rock wears its way;
Dz)rv harmony fromn throats that fill
The leafy transepts with their lay;
'From the sweet bloom of mint and balm
Gather the attar of content:
And with the vastnesses of calm
Find healin for the spirit blent.
Come, let us climb the rising land
Whe-:e still (lawn's dewy opals cling,
Till e -:erv tree holds out a hand.
k id bird and flower rive welcoming!
-Clir ton Scollard, in Youth's Companion.
A N;~t Encounlr 8f
- 0
I,.y Franklin W. Calkins. 0
IE adventures of the lone
prospector in our mountain
countries bave been varied
and thrilling, and too few of
them have been told. "Our prospec
tor," as we call Hank Elmore, who
spends his winters at our Wyoming
horse-ranch, has met, in his camps and
tramps, with a number of encounters,
which are well worth describing.
Perhaps I should explain that we
'have "'grub-staked" Hank for a num
ber of years, and so share in the profits
inf his finds, which have not yet much
inore than paid expenses. They con
Est of a minor silver lode in the Uin
tih Mountains, and a "topbed" of
fiirly good coal within reach of the
Union Pacific Railroad. But Hank
is young and- learning the business,
andl we have good hope of his finds
in future.
It was when Hank was prospecting
In the Uintah Mountains that he metI
with the curious adventure of the boil
er. Among those rough-and-tumble
inountains lie was encamped, with a
pair of blankets for his bed, a skillet
-coffee-pot and horse-hide grub-sack fol
his kitchen, when, in prospecting 4
small but rapid stream, he sttonble
Upon the site of an old Mormon 4
mnill. This had been burned, i
ably by Indians, and all its machin
ibroken or carried off, except a huge.
-old-fashioned, flueless steam-boiler.
Nearly -half-buried in debris, this rusty
but stout old structure had withstood
a storm and lay intact, save
-ral -wherepipe
iank rejoiced In this discovery, foI
whe boiler offered him shelter from
stt'rms and from the frequent chilly
Jghts of a high altitude. The gasket,
4as big as a wash-tub, which fitted Imi-o
the manhole, was .lready thrust talf
way in, but was so rusted to Ps plates
that it required an hour 4r two of
pieking, prying and puncbing to loosen
it. When It finally dropped inside,
however, Hank crawled in, to find a
dry and warm room room which would
suit his purpose quite as well as a
house made to order.
- The prospector made no delay in
~ etching his camp effects and taking
3oss~ession of this armored abode.
When he had covered one end of the
boiler bottom with feathery boughs
of the pinon, he had an ideal camper's
i night bivouac. On cool nights he
closed the manhole, and on warm ones
left it open, andi this big hole and the
steam-pipe apertures at the other end
* .gave him excellent ventilation.
* The site of the mill was upon a
creek-fiat with pine-covered mountains
crowding the valley, and the only signs
of civilization for miles aroundl were
the burned and tumble-down relics of
* an abandoned Mormon settlement. The
mountains were lively with big game;
* . bears of several varieties, "lions." bob
-eats and mountain-sheep were especial
ly abundant. Doubtless the bears and
big cats were accustomed to the smell
of iron, and the rusty boiler must have
been a familiar sight to many of them.
Thus came about Hank's perilous ad
.As he lay sound asleep one warm
night in August, a roach-backed silver
ip came dlown to the boiler, and smell
g Hank's fragrant bacon, cut for
early morning meal, discovered the
'1 manhole, and made haste to tum
't p-a-thump! hung-bang! lie
* rol d some three feet upon the boil
er bot om. This clang and clatter
brought Mank to a sitting posture with
eyes wide open. The conical room
was dark as a pocket in a mine, save
for a faint twinkle of stars at the man
* hole, which faced a cleft in the moun
tains. A puffing breath or two, a gruff
sniff-sniff sounded in the man's aston
ished ears: and then a dark object
rose and blotted out the stars. Bob
cat, "lion" or what not, some beast
bad certainly e'nteredl his domicile.
"Yee ough:" yelled Hank, hoping to
* scare the creature out. He was an
swered by a rasping "Whoof!" of sur
prise, and instantly understood the
character of his visitor. As quickly as
possible he scratched a slow match,
and put firelight between himself and
the dangerous prowler.
A snarl of surp~rise, mingled with
fright, greeted this action, and the
prosp~ector found himself looking into
the savagely twinkling eyes of a good
sized grizzly. The bear crouched.
slinking back under the manhole andl 3
showing his teeth, while he growlcd.I
fierce threats which made the boiler
Evidently the animal was afraid of j
7the light, and was equally reluctant to 1
turn its back in scrambling out. Hank's
* match went out: ne struck another
bastily and at the same time shouted r
at the bear. 1
. Al now bear and man vied wita z
e other in noisy threats whert
ref d in the boiler until its rusty mail
j: Iled. Crouching clos: under the
n hole, the hear, snarling frigtht
f y. steod with one big pIw uplifted
5. wise ready to crush the fire-foe
' en it should approach near enough,
eing that 1he could not frighenen
t grizzly away, and not havin
ItehAes eriough to burn all night.Hlank
ermined to see what he could do
t h the six-shooter, which he had
-etady drawn.
1i scratched a fresh match, held its
I ht above his head and sighted care
:;y, aiming to hit the bear as near
one twinkling eye as possible.
Che report of the pistol nearly made
ink deaf; but having got his self- 1
ating genm "a-going." he pulled the
trtger three or four times in rapid I
srecession. t
Vords would be inadequate to de
sdbe the din in the boiler. Whten its
clugor ha-1 subsided, the prospector, 1
ereloped in sulphur smoke. heard his C
urvelcomie visitor scrambling out at c
t manhole. Y
'lainly the grizzly was very much S
ave. But it had been hit, and hit f
lid, and once out in the open. it be- i!
ene thoroughly enraged by wounds. C
Taised a tremendous racket, in fact, 0
ming back after its first retreat to 11
Int its fury upon the boiler, which N
seemed to hold accountable for its I
ifferings. h
The grizzly hammered and batted ]
ith its great paws. mauling at the h
iler's convex surface until it ran. a
ke a big muffled drum. This was 1)
ost unpleasant for Hank. The l
azy creature was likely to tumble h
to his quarters again at any moment. ir
thought, of course, of closing the P
natfole, but there was no way of '
rastting the gasket, and a thrust of c<
-he ear's paw would put down the fi
barrr. it
Piferring to fight from the open,the 01
pro<ector made a hasty and rather fr
reckss exit from.his smoke-filled re- f(
trea Almost before he could regain b]
is ft. the wounded grizzly was upon tl
[im. Hank met the bear with a shot, gi
lelired at half-arm's length, but was of
whird into darkness by a sweeping d(
;trok which cracked two of his ribs fi
wid nocked the breath out of his t!
body. ni
It s uome time before he recov- Ca
ered ms0ousness, and battered and th
-10 1 '.s gain able to ru hE
or so was back at work
ain.l But after this adventure, when
nJights were too warm for endur
arce with the manhole closed, he
,Aced a big stone upon the gasket
plate, so balanced that it would tumble
in should any larg:e creature attempt
to enter it. The boulder was shoved
in. one night by a prowling lynx, but
it is hardly necessary to add that the
cat was frightened off by the din, and
Hank admits that lie was quite as
much startled and nearly as badly
frightened as when the grizzly rolled
into his domicile.-Youth's Companion.
Tomato Culture in England.
When an early em-op of tomatoes IS
wanted, a sowing is madle in January,
and other sowings may take place
at intervals until the beginning of
Septemnber. From the last sowing a
supply of fruit is obtained during the
winter months. Market gardeners
raise crops which will be ready for
sale at seasons when they expect good
prices will be obtained; they know
that when crops like aples0 and
Dranges are first offered a decline in
the price of tomatoes is certain. It
is also found exp~edient, in gardens
wvhere tomatoes are the principal cr'op,
to have other crops5 on which to rely
to make up for losses andl to occupy
he staff of workmen throughout the
rear. Hothouses for grap)es, Ipeaches
mmtd cucumbers, and for forcing straw
erries and chrysanthemums, are built
ide by side- with tomato houses. A
ortion of the ground is also frequent
y set apart for mushrooms; and this
'rop is gathered from the sides of
-idlges which are from three to four
'eet high. As the mushroom, unlike
he tomato. does not thriv-e in sun
hine, the ridlges are littered with
oose straw to protect them from the
un's rays and begavy falls of rain.
a several gardlens apple andl pc~ir
rees are planted; but as the groundl
s in a high stare of cultivation, only
hoice varieties are raised.-Chamibers'sI
The Discrim inati n; Lady Elephant,
Mr. Dimond Braine, writing abhout
lephant hunting in Siam, says a large
>ercentage of Siamese male elephaints
re without tusks, while others alre
cry handsomely armed. Those with
ut are said to be larger and strong
r, and have beeni known to brealk
ff the tusks of thleir opiponent s iln
ght. The dlirec'tor' of thle hunt in
ormfedl Mr. Uraine that line t uskers
re more attr'activ-e to the females of
he herdl, andl as the success of the
rive dlepend~s so largely on this it
essential that they should he em
lIcyed as trained decoys.-Pall Mal'
~An Old Luther Bible.
A very old German Bible has just
een discovered at Wischreihe in the
ossession of an aged widow named
tegmla. The Bible was printed in thei
ear 1344 by Hans Lutft at Witten
erg. This rare copy' undoubtedly be
>ngs to one of the earliest editions
f Luther's Bible, as the reformer's
rst German Bible appeared in print in
534-onily ten years earlier, The copy
ot only contains Luther's prefaces to
everal of the Biblical books, but also
umerous marginal notes by Luther
pon the Bible text.--Westpiinsow Ga
ks Many People Trying to Solve thr
Problem as Ever.
"The perpetual motionl myth is full.
.s attractive as it ever was," said a
etr model imiaker and all-rounl
ieehaelc of this city, "and I really he.
ieve there are just as many pwople
rying to solve the probleIn now al.
orierly. It is a great mistake re
haracterize all such folks Is eratk
ind fools. Anybody with a fair work
ng knowledge of ,nathematics ear
IaSily demonstrate that perpetual mG
ion is a physical impossibility, but toi
t man w1o has 11'd no special mathe
nitical traiing the thing seeis en
irely feasible. and it is very ditctilt
o make him understand why it can
ot be accomplished. During the lasi
wenty years I have made models aml ,
octions of nodels for at least fifty or
ixty different people. all of whom y
elieved firmly they were on the track
f the great secret. Some were cranks.
f course, but many of them were
ien of superior intelligence who wvere
imply delicient in the mathematical
lculty-and that, let me assure you,
a deficioney which is extremely
)4mn, and no indication whatever
C general mental weakness. One of
iy customers. to illustrate the point,
as a lawyer of acknowledged ability. r
e is dead now, and if I mentioned
is name you would be astonished.
e was a scholar and a thinker, but
a had no t.aste for mathematics,
id, after he had figured out the per- b
tual motion proleni to his own sat
faction, it was Impossible to make r
im see ti-e flaw in his line of reason
fr p
g. He had proceeded on a familiar
-inciple known as the 'counterpoised
heel,' and until I assured him of the
ontrary he supposed that he was the,
-st person who had ever thought of
The device seems plausible enougim
i its surface, but, as a matter of
et, each revolution of the wheel calls
r a trifle more power than it is capa
e of generating. I tried to reason
a thing out, but the lawyer couldn't
asp It, and he att'ributed the failure
the model to some mere mechanical b
feet in its construction. I am satis- t
d he entertained his delusion up to
e time of his death, and I could
me a dozen other cases of practi
ily the same character. As a rule, i
e perpetual motion inventor believes el
has struck something entirely new.
know that theJour or five
s upon which such
ye been thre d
-New Or ri "poerat.
-.Ne .. Or, 26- -0,ke t.
Among th tiustel and efficient at
taches in the oflice of the street rail
way headquarters is one Millikin. H1e
also has a partnership interest in a
North side grocery. After keeping tabs
on cars and their operators each day,
1r. Millikin waits on customers at the
grocery store. Saturday night is usu
ally a busy one. and. of course, every
thing is (lone in a hurry. This prob
ably accounts for a slight over-sighlt of
3Ir. Millikin in tilling an order for a
little, fat girl, who canme into the store
as the kind-hearted Millikin was about
to close the donors.
"Mister Mil-li-kin, my mamma sent
after a <iuarters' worth of mul-las-six,'
sa1id tile child.
"All right, little gil, let's have your
bucket." said tihe genial clerk.
With thits theL little 1lady3 handed over
a good-sized tinl bucket. Mr. Millikin
diseppeared among some barrels, and1(
adote considetrable grinding he reap
"Thmere's a big measure, little girl.
Do you think yotu can c'arry it'"
'Yes, sir," said thle mlaiden, as she0
starited toward'( tile door.
"'I.ittle girl ,where's thig moneyy' said
Millikin, as5 he followed up his ens
"In the bmucket, Mr. Mil-li-kin,"
naively replied the chlild.-Colunmbus
In-:.ects and Prehistor-ic F'orests.
It is nlot untlikt-Iy thatl some1 of the(
iurious atlteramt ions in the distribiut ion
raf forest trees wichl geologists hav'e
recogn ized maty have heen due 10 thle
evelopmelnt in former amges of the
:rypsy moth11 or other like destr'uctiv;e
piecies of insec-t. 'Thus1 in the early
\lioc(ent Tort iatry Eurtop~e waOs tenanitedl
by a hlost of species c'losely akin to
hose that now form. our admilirabmle
mie~ricanl broaud-loaved forests, The
naaznoliams, t he gums and tile tullipi
Iis were' the 11a1is we'll develoed in
urttopi as thi:y are inl thi~s -ounltry.
Mudenly all t hese speciesi~~ dippeared
rom the0 Old W~or'ld. There is no rea
Otn to belev-e tha t thle (-hangle wa s due
o an alteration inl ('hima:te. Therte ar
uanly ev ide'n-es indAIed t hat such'l was
tot the ase-. It is a very reasontable
-nje]i ture thatt that alteration was
rougthit abomut by, thte inlvasion of an'
n11el enemyv wVihib ay have heer:
hie anicest or of thle gytpsy imoth.t-Pro
(essor N. S. Shaler. in The~c F-orester.
MIarked With Bleedn;; Iecarts.
In one of the (-ages at LinIolnl Park.
'hiieago, ari' two pigeons or doves
nlest e'culiarly mtarik-d. Theyo b elonlt
o thle va riotyv knowni as t he "bleed1
nllear't." Th'lir h a'-ks and winy
r'e of a blui-s sh:te enlar. while their
reas-ts crc whime, save for a spot of
vidl cruison in the c-entri-. This
ofi is precisly li ke the stain wich
ouldl e p1rodulc-ed by a wound. It
aboutt an inl-lh inl length 1, and the
oluor fades out at the edges softly'
a little st riaks. Onie can scar(-ely be
h-ye the little -reaitures atre not v-ie.
itIs of'.ole ('rnel thir:ust.
Uses of the' Beard.
We cant see much sense in a sngle
:an who buys hlis own neckties wear
ng a long 1:earri.T-Denrit Journal.
'y Using Them a Lavish bispaf is P
itible-Falso and Real Peariasn Sai
String - DIamonds That Di't C
Much-Jewel-Studded Belts.
In the lavish display of jgwels 1
ected by women of fashion Sere is
nagniticence that is inpressiA whti
ver one may think of It from ie poi
if refinenient. Fortunes are ilvestl
n rmgs. collars, tiaras, penddts at
very sort of jeweled ornameit th.
an add to the splendor of a Woman
(iHet fand dazzle the beholder TI
i-earing of conspicuous gen is' n,
ontinc d to the ball room or to oper
ut everywhere on the streel n pr
aiscuous gathering3, by day ell
y night, the flash and glitter' Cf gen
nd precious stones are seen. A fe
ears ago such display woull ha'
icen considered the height of.rulga
ry; to-day it passes unchallenled.
But although jewels of :abulot
rices are worn with recklee profi
ion, all the stones that sp e a]
ot diamonds. There are inay Joort
:insnien of the ar stocratic th.
ave come into favor along 'i tl
age for display, and help to0 er
lie gorgeousness in which thoi sup
iors take the lead. Moreor, tI
iost lordly of precious stones tre im
ited with a cleverness that l4s n<
een approached heretofore, anj eve
tose who are rich enough to ofn th
al thing do not hesitate to mlgle ti
retended article with that wich
eks to imitate. . .
One of the things that alw~s ha
een considered most difficult ti cout
rfeit is the pearl, the only suistitut
iat resembled the original enuigh t
eceive any one but the merat tyr
eretofore being the Roman pearl
-hich were beautiful at first, nit di
3t wear well owing to the frax ii
ieir composition, that causes tem t
elt from the heat of the bot'. I
utly, however, a new procds ha
,en perfected by A French minufac
trer which turns out pseudo p ris o
ich quality as to defy Adete on b,
iy but experts, fish scalbs anisilve:
!ing used In their compoitic. S<
osely do they resemble the "nuin
dt they *ve been strung Ci rn
yn with t4em without betray* thei
Pearls a e so highly prized nd s<
any ca woan without ovrdoinr
a even those wonfn whc
- acep and colls cost
ad to their so iecorr a
strands at 'a more mod
These Frenh pearls are n
cheap, either. A string of t
great pretensions costs about ., -0
it were of real pearls it would co!
least ten times that amount, hI w
In a great many cases the p< I
:Irops that my lady wears a t
-lever imitations. If the sti' e
been pierced for the setting t
be pretty sure that It Is the oou
feit, for the real pearl Is sel
pierced, the aim being to presers
Intact and to show that It is so.
The same firm that imports
remarkable French pearls brings
rhinestones of great brilliandy
beauty which easily may be mists
for diamonds. They are used e3
sively for belt buckles and c
clasps, for brooches, for combs,
the little pins for catching up s
locks at the hack of the hair, andt<
for rings. A popular fancy is to
mitation andl real stones, for exan
1 well-counterfeited pearl with
:liamonds or pseudo diamonds and
ptearls. This is only carrying to
extreme the tendency to enrich arl
ready profuse decorat-ion of expen
ornaments by deftly arranging anm
them orna ments of a less costly cha
ter that will not suffer by contrast '
thle precious stoney andi will add tc
richness of the effect. The w]
front of a rich evening gown may
emblazoned in this way without gia
a hint of the eonomny practiced.
Amnong the recent importations
the most prominent dealer in si
preious andl high-grade Imitation.
real gems are some magnificent
colars, cons:sting of six or n
strings of medium-sized pearls
clasps of brillia'nt stones set in si:
or platinum, the whole making a
and effective collaret costing front.
to .800, whereas if it were wha
seems to be i: would cost from $'.5
to $20,000. The pendants to be wu
on a small goldl chain, which are mn
approvedI by fashion. are imit:
skillfully, even to the pear-sha
pearl of conspicuous size which is
in many of them.
Some new belt buckles are extren
beautiful, having a moriaing glory
some other flower design in nati
colors inciosed in a circlet of"
mnonds." These buckles cost from
up. andi are warranted to keep ft
brilliancy and color indefinitely.
ilar dlesigns are shown in slides
neck velvet or ribb~on.
Large hearts composed of smalli
tation dliamonds are popular, and
be bougtht for as little as $25. or
much as $130. Scintillating but
fies can be had for about the s:
price. Emer-ilds can be imitated
cellently. but opals, with their elur
lights, dave baffled the most cuna
counterfeiter: of gems. .
Turpluoises are creeping into fasi
again. both in combination and 01
.ewels. and by themselves in stri
for the neck andsimilaruses. Bronc
'onsisting of fine, small miniatu
pa'ntedi on mother-of-pearl and set
imitation dianmon(,s -'re finding ti
waty here from Paris, where they
much worn.-New~ York Press.
Arbor Day owes its origin to th~ I
pie of Nebraska. In a single year~
planted 66,037.494 forest res
Dr. F. Larroque reports to the
E French Academy of Sciences that his
studies of the action of sounds upon
the hinan ears prove that the audi
tory apparatus of each ear operates
ni Independently of the other. This ap
a pears to have a bearing upon the ques
tion whether the loss of hearing by
f. one ear exercises an injurious effeci
e upon its mate.
a The Superintendent of Yerkes Ob
c servatory, G. W. Ritchie, has recently
icperfected a device which renders it
possible for astronomers to use the
ordinary visual telescope for photo
graphic astronomy. The device .con
sists of a color screen than can be ad
a justed to the lens of a powerful tele
D. scope, thus adapting it for photograph
i use.
In the little furnace by which Gold
semidt obtains a temperature of over
r- 2000 degrees Centigrade, the fuel is
aluminum mixed with iron rust, and
this is ignited by a shellacked bead
of the aluminum (which is pulverized,
of course) and peroxide of barium, in
to which a piece of magnesium wire
is inserted. There Is scarcely a metal
known that cannot be reduced in this
furnace. The containing vessel may
be of wood lined with sand and the
heat can be regulated by varying the
quantity of the mixture.
According to an English expert dia
monds are in process of formation in
Hawaii. He spent much time and some
money following up the first indica
tions that attracted his attention. In
many respects, he says, the formatiou
S here is like that of the diamond fields
of Kimberly. But after researches ex
tending over several months he came
to the conclusion that, while the for
mation there is like that in which dia
monds are found, the process has not
yet gone far enough, but is still going
on, and that in the course of 100,000
years or so Hawaii will be a great dia
mond field.
A new process for the production of
nickel has been announced by the
French Metallurgical Society. The ob
ject of the process is to obtain pure
nickel in two operations only, starting
from the nickel matte. In the first op
eration the nickel is treated in the
Maubes converter, the iron being thus
totally removed, and a crude sort of
pig nickel obtained, which contains
about three per cent, of sulphur. In
the second operatio the crude nickel
is pla ed in an open hearth furnace,
f no 3 X
If the . um Ind
;t at been imported into on
rver. extensive scale as a suit o i
ear- covery of new oil fielAs in the provinc
hese| of Echigo. In Kashiwazaki, the cit;
has nearest to the new fields, seventy pr<
may ducing and thirty refining companic
iter- have been started and a number o
dom drilling companies organized to pu
'e i' down wells b~y contract for owners
Japan consumes annually about GO0,
hese |000,000 gallons of refined petroleum
over Iof which amount about one-thirdi
and produced by local refiners. This show
ken Ia marked increase over the ratio o
:ten- the native and foreign product a yea
thier |ago, which was then one to ten. Th
for |lpresent daily product of petroleum I:
tray |Japan is stated as follows: The Nag
ven amine and Kanmada (new) fields, 240<
mix |barrels; the Nagaoka rend Mitsu East
pie, era) fields, 1000 barrels; minor field
real |in other provinces, 000 barrels; tota)
real 1000 barrels.
al- Australia Wants Domestic Help.
sive The British Women's Emigration So
ong eiety offers free passage to Westeri
rac- Australia and profitable places whei
vith they have arrived there to good, stroni
the domestic servants. But it adlvises serv
aoenuts who are seeking light places, witl
be no scrubbing, a regular evening out
igas well as all day Sundays, to bid'
*by the mother country. Women whi
by want Paris gowns, grand pianos an
"at home" days are also cautione
ofagainst availing themselves of thi
do~ advantages of travel offered. Strong
iepractical women, who are willing t
oret work hard and take the rough with
rith the smooth, are the ones wanted
riWages are high, but the work is ap
rich to be hard. New Zealand is also call
t0 ituig for domestic help, and Intelligen
women who will become companou
orn helps are at a premium in Canada.
uch "Hie was My All."
td Baron Von IKetteler was shot througl
ped the head. Word was sent at once t<
een the Tsungli-Yamen and they onl3
found the two chairs, badly crushed
ely The interpreter saw the Minister sho
or and saw him fall. It fell upon mn
iral to bear the word to his sweet youn;
dia- American wife. They had been mar
$25 ried three years.
leir She saidl: "I have lost all, and ib
im- a strange land. He was my husband
for my mother, my brother, my children
my all, and lhe is swept from me.
miI- I helped her pack some things and w<
can went together to the British Legation
as --From Mrs. Conger's story of the Ger
ter- man Minister's murder, in a letter t<
me a friend.
lye Worthy or HIs Hire.
ig A stranger got off the car, and1. ac
costing a newsboy asked him to direc1
inhim to the nearest bank.
her "This way," saidl the newsie, and
ngs turning the corner, pointed to a sky
les scraper just across the street.
res "Thank you, and what do I owe
inyou?"- said the gentleman, pulling i
iei penny out of his pocket.
are "A quarter, please."
"A quarter! Isn't that pretty high
for directing a man to the bank?"
>eo- "You'll find, sir," said the youngster.
ey "that bank directors are paid high in
Chicago."..- Chiengn Trihunn.
Attractive led Coverlrgs.
The new showings in bed cover
ings never were more attractive or
varied. The Anatolians are specially
pleasing this season, and from tho
great ease with which they may be
laundered recommended themselves to
many. Pique or diiity triimed with
white )il fringe is a new idea in bed
spreads that As very pretty and quite
la mode. Then tle kld reliable Mar
seilles, with its weight and launder
in- difficumes, but lasting qualities.
is to in had in very new and novel
designs, many different in effect from
those ever offered before.
Water For Wasing Wcrblenp.
Many people sincercly believe that
it Is impossible to wash all-wool uni
dergarments without their shrjniking.
This is a popular error. With an
abundance of soft water, keeping
every water through which the fan
nels pass at the same temperature,
with pure white soap and careful dry
ing. there need be no shinAkage. To
soften the hard wate: obtained from
the rivers and springs from which
most cities get their water supply use
a tablespoonful of hous .hold ammo
nia to a gallon of water. If the wa
ter is exceptionally hard more ammo
nia will be required. Having ready
the softened water, heat as hot as the
hand can bear comfortably and pour
into two tubs. Make one with a strong
soapsuds, using a borax soap-never
a resinous brown soap.
Washing Colored Caliconi.
Colored calicies should b w'ashed
in warm, not hot, water. :is and
greens are stren-thened by the use
of vinegar in the rinsing or iuing
water, allowing one tablespoon of vin
egar to a quart of water. With other
calicoes or cambries salt L';ay be used
to set the color. Miss Parlos declares
that- the ideal way to treat delicate
colors, dark sateens or inourning
oods is not to use soap at all, but the
following ;iarch mixture, which
leanses and stiffens at the same time:
For two dresses make one gallon of
starch by mixing one cupful of flour
with one pint of cold water. Sir un
til all the lumps are (i:-solved and
pour over It three and one-half qluirts
)f boiling ivater. Cook until clear adi
smooth, then tre n tbroug3i cheesei
- se in t'vo cle
out to dry, whxen th
ii und to be about as stiff
wl n new. Sprinkle only an hour
a so before ironing. Calicoes shoidi
r be ironed on the wrong side.-Was
- ington Star.
SSponge Sandicihes-Make cottai
cheese in the usual way, but after
Shas drained mince thoroughly in clea
Scold water to remove the acid; p
2 in a cheesecloth andi squeeze dry. '
a cup of the dIry, sweet curd adld 0o
fourth of a teaspoonful of salt, a dlas
-of paprika, if liked and half a cup<
sweet cream. Spread thickly betwee
thin slices of sponge cake.
Cabbage Salad-Boil one-half cupfl
of vinegar, the yoke of four eggs. tw
tablespoonfuls of sugatr, oue teaspio:
ful of mustard and a level tablespool
ful of I~utter until the mixture is lin
pid. Season with celery salt, au
when it is cold add one cuphu.<
cream that has been whipped. Pot
over the shredded or chopped cabbas
and garnish with stoned olives at
hard boiled eggs.
Cheese Souffie-Melt three 1'thespooi
fuls of butter; when bubbling ien
In three tablespoonfuls oi flour: si
in gr-adually one-half pint of scaldin
milk and cook slow.ly for live minute
stirring constantly: add onie cupful
grtdcheese, pe1pe ri sailt
taste, and the heaten yolks of thre
eggs; then fold in lightly the beate
whites. turn into a buttered dish an
bake In a hot oven for about twent
minutes. Serve himmediately.
Ravioli of Spinach-Use ten tabb
spoonfuls of seasoned, mashed an
whipped potatoes: add six tablespoo
fuls of flour and half as much lbu
ter; mix well, t hen lay the mass upo
a floured board atnd roll out an inc
thick; cut in circles the size of a sal
cer and moisten thte edges with ti
yolk of an egg; place a talespoonfi
of cooked spinach on and fold turi
over sty-le; brush the top) with th
white of an egg and lake till a nie
brown, then arrange around the fis
platter with a heaping teaspoonful
whipped creom on each. Spinach a<
quires a mellowness of flavor by rt
-peatedly warming over.
Confection Cake-Cream two cup
of sugar with two-thirds of buttel
add a cup of sweet milk. two and
half cups of flour, two roundin
spoonfuls of baking powder. thi
whites of six eggs beaten very sii
and half a teaspoonful of flavoring e
tract. Bake in four layers. Boil tw
cups of sugar with half a cup of wate
till like thick honey, pour graduahl;
on the stiffly beaten whites of tw
eggs. heat till cold. In half of it put
candied cherries, figs and raisin
chopped fine, with a few hickoryna
and almond meats, also chopped, an,
flavor. Spread betw;een the layer:
Use the other half of the icing to cove
the top of tlpe cake. This is a delj
oinS aka.
levator Consumption" Adds Jte Toro
rors to Life in the Metropolis.
"Winter Is coming," said the man in
charge of an express elevator In one.
of the skyscrapers in lower Broadway.'
As he spoke he wiped the perspira
tion from his brow with a dirty hand
kerchief, and the winter seemed far
off indeed.
"Why don't you ask me whether it's
warm enough for me?" growled the
grumpy tenant; "or whether I-wouldn't
like to be the iceman?"
"I didn't mean it that way at all,
sir," said the elevator man respect
fully. "k was just 'wonderin' how
many of us would go next winter."
"Go! Go where?" asked the grumpy
man. "Don't they run as many elpar
tors in winter as in r?"
"Lord, yes!" *as the a er...."1
didn't mean thak we'd lo ur jobs,
but that some of us will go here we
won't want any jobs. .We'r doomed
lot. we elevator people, a no one .
seems to have noticed IL"
"I don't understand how that is,"
said the grumpy man. "You have al
most no accidents now, with your elec
tric brakes and safety catches."
"Did you ever hear of 'elevator con
snunption?'." asked the elevator man.
"That's what is the matter with us.
It comes from shooting up and down
these draughty shafts for twelve hours
a day. Most of the time we're bent
over, and you can't keep the cold air
out of your lungs, and there you are.
It was last winter that N'e began to
notice how the new elevator disease
was takin' the boys off. I'm havn' a'
doctor watchmy lungs, and if I get-a'
trace of it I'll quit my job and go of
to the country."
"Humph!" exclaimed the grumpy
in a s he got off at the top floor.
"Eevator consumption, indeed! Next
thing we know the newsboys will be
ettiig blood poisoning from the red
painL on their extras, and the boot
blacks will refuse to bend over for
fear of spinal curvature."-New York
Wild oafs will nver yield wheat.
Helping others is the best self-help.
Dullness sometimes passes for-depth.
A cocked hat just fAt$ a lop-si
Ground that is barren to Is
rich in gold. -
Hypocrisy is ,reachery
A vice is a
t., s not the
the blossoms.
SIt is vain bo ap
less you produce the
To substitute the good is hd best
way to eradicate the bad.
Ill The good seeds that fail of fruit aM'
11. but a reproach to tne soil.
There is no individual liberty apart
from social responsibility.
The taste of the fruits of the tree
of Life forever spoil the appetite for
the bitter weeds or the world-Bam's
How He Enjoys the Opera.
.e There is a man in this town who ~
t tarely misses an opera at the Metro
, politan, although he has no more hear
t ing than his liat. He has heard "Car
o~ mern" about a hundred times,.yet he
Scannot tell the toreador son* from'
hi "Johnny, Ge': Your Gun ",3ie enjoys
t-Lie opera immensely, howev-ar, and is
nalways among the first to bry a season
ticke't as soon as the box cifice opens.
When asked about the solt of pleas
ure it affords him lie answers phiho
"You hear the music and I imagine
it. 'rhe noise of the orchestra and the
dsingers, the jumble of color on the
st~age, the dazzling lights and, the
rcrowds of spectators in the various
Sparts of the house melt in my brain
dinto a world of beautiful images, I'm
no poet, but when I sit in _th:iepera
ad the orchestra srikest nythe 'ever
ture a thrill runs thrdugh. me: I behold
r mllhicns of things which are beyond
my faculty! of expression. Oh, I en
joy the opera very much, indeed. Of'
cour'se you relish the sounds, the har
monies, the melodies, while I get some- ~
Sthing entirely different out of It. But"
what matters it so long as I enjoy it
1as much as; you do?"-New Yorham
mercial Advertiser.
The Barber's Tally.
A suspicious-looking indivIdual en
d tered a barber's shop in Manchester, ~
iand whuile being shavcd casually re
. marked: -.
a "I suppose a good many of your cus
h tomers forget to pay?"
-' "No, sir," the barber replied. "There
e was a time when I used to give credit,
ml but I never do now. In fact, nob jdy
.asks for it any more."
e "How's that?"
e "WXell, you see," said the barber, try
ha in'. the edge of the razor on his thumb
*E na il, "whenever I shaved a gentleman
-who asked to mark it up I put a nick
-in his nose with my razor and kept
tally that way. They v'ery soon dIdn't
want to run up bills."
There was a tremor In the customer's
voice as he asked from beneath the
lather: "I)o you oh.ec~t to being paid
in adlvance!
Sewing Machines in Mexico.
-Ahout $1,500,000 worth of American
) sewing machines are sold annually in
r Mlexico. A prominent American .com
E' pany contemplates ..reieting a factory
) at Dtrango, so as to avail itself of the
t limitless .supplies of Iron. Mountain.
i situated within the corporate .llgits ot" '4
t the city.-Buffald Express.
Shoes and the Feet.
r 'A man's feet make his shoes; a womn
-c an's sthoes make her feet-New York

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