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VOL. I. LAURENS C. H.. S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1886. NO. 25.
Tho Well or Saint John.
tThe old woll of Saint John In (ho parish of
Xowton-Nottajre, GlnmorR-nnshlro, has a Hilo
of Ito own, which lu Kcuumlly believed to mn
counter to that of th.- ?on, sonie half-milo
"Tbero la plenty of room for two In hero,
Within tho steep tunnel of old aray-otoiio;
?nd th? "-?ll <s flo dark, and tho spring- so
It ls quite unsafe to jr? down alone."
?'It i? perfootly safo, depend upon lt.
Vu.- a crlrl who oatt count the steps, llko tr.o;
And If ever I ?aw dour mother's Imnnot,
It is thoro on thc hill by tho old nsh-treo."
'Thcro 18 noliody but Hoes Morgan's cow
Watching tho dusk on tho mllk-whlto sea.
Tl? thc timo and the nineo for a llfodong vow,
8uoh aa I owo you, 'iud you own mc."
"Oh. Wllllo, how can I, lu thin dark well?
I ahab ?trop tho brown pitcher. If you let go;
Tho lona- roof Is nm rum tl.IR like ii sen-shell,
And tho shadows an? shuddering to and fro."
** "Tia tho nnnnd of tho ol?b In Newton hay,
Quickens tho sprint? as tho title grows losa,
Sven aa truo love flows away
Counter tho Hood of tho world's succcia,"
"There ls no othor way for love to How;
Whenever lt springs lu a woman's breast,
To tho home ni Its own hourt lt must g>.
Anil run contrary to nil the rest."
?"Then fill tho sweet cup of your hand, my
And t ttdgc ino your malden fnlth thereon,
Jly tho (i.iicli of the lettered stone above,
And tho holy water of Knlnt John."
"Olv yrhnt shrill I cay/ My heart drops low;
My ?l?R-ors ure cold, and my limul too thu,
Ia lovt? to he mensurad bv iinndfills ao?
And you know that I .hrvo you-without
Thor stooped In thc glenm or the faint light,
Th? print of themselves on the limpid glimm ;
And ?he lifted her full palm toward her lover.
With her Hps preparad for tho words of
But t*ir wann heart rose, nnd the cold hand
And tho pledge of her faith sprang, sweet
Vrom a holler source than the old saint's well,
rmni the never-ebbhur tide of love-n tear.
-H. 1>. lilnckmnrc. In IVeoember Harper's.
ELSIE'S i o y Kit.
"I suppose it isn't right bu say such a
tiling/' said winsome Klsic. with a
plaintive, tug!?, to lier friend and confi
dant, old Nurse Barnes; "but I often
wish I'd never boon born. Nobody
knows what to do with me, and I cer
tainly don't know what to tlo with my
"Doar, dear!" said Mrs. Barnes,
.?what are they going to do with you?"
"I don't know," said Elsie, sadly.
."Uncle Joseph wants mo to go ami
.work in tho factory. He thinks I might
earn twelve shillings a week, after] had
had a few weeks' practice."
"It's not hard work," said Mrs.
Sames. "You'll soon get used to it,
roy ?lear. One can get used to any
"And Aunt Betsey wants to send me
up to tlie Manor House to help Mrs.
Perkins, tim housekeeper," went on
Elsie. "I was there a week in tho
spring. Oh,"-with a long breath,
"lt is tho prettiest place! One room all
full Of books, don't you know, and .?
nail where they hang nothing but pic
tares. I used to creep all over tho
lace, when tho squire was gone out on
orasback, and Mrs. Perkins was taking
her after-dinner nap. I used to sit down
in the ?Uk chairs, and fan myself with
the big Hconted fans, and malee believo
J was a geeni heiress, with lots of ser
vani.i to order about."
"Oh, Elsie! that was making very
bold," said Mrs. Baines, with an a wo
"Yes, I know," confessed Elsie; "but
it wail only making believe, after all,
and nobody knew. But I saw Mr.
Baven twice, anti he talked to mc just
as kind-oh! a deal kinder that Uncle
Joseph doits. And he told mc the names
of Bomo of tho rarest flowers, and ottered
to lend me books out of tho grand li
brary. But Mrs. Perkins told Aunt
Betsey that I am too ?tile anti awkward
for sendee. So now I don't know
whether I nm to bo bound to Miss
Miggs, tho dressmaker, or sent to learn
the artificial flower trade."
"It's most a pity, ain't it?" said Mrs.
Baruca, looking sympathizingly at Klslo.
And just then, as she surveyed thu largo
dark eyes, thc eheel glowing scarlet
niutcr their stain of fcjpsy sunburn? the
lithe, graceful figure in its outgrown
gown, thc fancy suddenly crossed her
mind that, nu dei- some circumstances,
Elsie Linn might bc almost handsome.
"You soe, I nave no ?me really hiv
longing to me," said Elsie, sighing.
"Evon Unelo Joseph was only my
mother's half-brother. And they don t
know what to do with inc."
"What would you like boat to doP"
?aid Mrs. Barnes* who was paring pota
loes for tho ono o'clock dinner.
"I should like to bo an authoress, and
write books," said Elsie, with kindling
"Bless me, child!" salt! Mrs. Barnes,
,4w> *, do you know about authoresses?"
TO?othing," confessed Elsie; "that's
Unv'trouble. Or I should like to paint
p. res, and to bo famous; or be queen
of mint ry that was at war, and load
tho soldiers to victory, mounted ou a
coal-black horse; or do something very
great and grand, so that people might
never forg jt my memory.
Mrs. Barnes lust started and then
sighed. Pour soul, there waa perhaps a
timo whon .he, too, had itor wild dreams
and imposHi.de imaginings.
"Such things don t happen nowadays,
I Elsie," said she. "Women havo to
scrub, and wash and sow in this coun
try, not ride to battlo or paint grand
pictures. Bettor leave off thinking of
such a fate."
"Yes," cried Elsie, with a start, as tho
clock struck twelve "And Aunt Betsey
will bo wanting mc to set the table. ' I
must hurry home. How sho will scold
to bo nure.1'
But to Ellie's infinito relief, when she
reached home, Aunt Betsey met horwlth
"Come In quick, child," said she,
"and change your frock. Mr. Baven is
"?hl" cried Klslo, with a skin ovor
the door-step, "am I to be Mrs. Perkin's
..Wo don't know," said Aunt Betsey
mysteriously. "Time will show. Don t
jump about, my child. Try to take
ebor*, steps, and"be A lady. And, oh,
what a dreadful tear that is in y OW
dress. Never mind now. Bun quick
and change it as soon as ever you can,
and than como down to tho liest parlor."
But long before Elsie Linn's simple
toilet was mado. an awful fear took pos
MSSion Of ber that Squire Baven had
?son? to tell Uncle Joseph of tho big
bunch of hobhouse grapes which she
plokodi sub rosa, Inst Bpring and gave
lo little Billy Snill'en, in tho road, tho
last day sho was at tho Manor House.
"Thero wero such lots of thom," she
argued with herself, "hanging there in
the sunshmc, all purplo and fragrant,
and Billy had just got over tho searlot
fever-poor little nute!-and did long
for them so. I knew it was wicked, hut
the temptation carno over mo so sudden
ly that I couldn't help it- And now if
Mr. Haven has told Undo Joseph, and
Uncle Joseph is going to scold ino-"
Elsie drew a deep inspiration of hor
ror at this idea, but she must face her
fate, and endure it as best she might
Anti in her best frock, which was scant
and faded enough in all conscience, she
descended with a heavy heart to tho
"Bring her in! Bring her in!" said
Uncle Joseph with a chuckle. "I never
yet sold oven a yearling calf without
giving the. purchaser a chance to look at
his bargain-dia, ha, lia! And if you
roally want the child, Squire-"
Mr. Haven roso courteously and put a
chair for Elsie as she entered, with
drooping head and checks al?ame.
"Wo aro old friends," ho said; "are
At the sound ot his gentle, measured
accents, the prickings of Elsie Linn's
conscience became intolerable She
lifted her large startled eye? to Mr.
"I'm very sorry, sir," said she.
"Please, Pl! never do it any more."
"Do what?" said Undo Joseph, star
"I am unite at a loss to understand
you." sait! Mr. Haven courteously.
"The grapes, please," faltcivd Elsie,
getting redder ami moro confused than
over. "I didn't pick 'em for myself; it
was for little Billy Sn i lion, ami -"
"Never mind the grapes, Elsie,'1 said
Mr. Haven. "Let me seo how old aro
"Seventeen, sir," said Elsie in a low
"And I am scve.i-and-thirty!" said Mr.
Raven slowly. "Do I seem like a very
obi man in your eyes, Elsie?-'
She shook her head, and then, em
boldened by the fact that Undo .Jos
eph had disappeared, and Aunt Bet
sev was drawing water at thc weil, she
"When I write my novel. I shall make
the hero just like you. 1 won't call him
Haven, lost people should find out; hut
Havonbum, or Bdravchi or some such
namoi You won't mind, sir. will you?"
Mr. Haven smiled a strange, serious
"Elsie," sahl lu*, "would you like; to
conic ami live at tho Manor House?"
Elsie's dusk taco brightened,
"Oh, so much!" she cried. "But Mrs.
Perkins don't want me: she says I'm too
flighty and too young."
"Elsie, you misunderstood me," said
Mr. Haven, with another smile. "I don't
mean as Mrs. Perkin's assistant-I moan
as my wifo.
A sudden crimson flooded Elsie's
face, neck and throat. All of a sudden
the ?cale? seemed to fall from ber eyes;
the world stood before her in it? true
colors. She was a maiden out of tho
tmges of romance. -Robert Haven was
icr lover. Ho took her hand tenderly
"Elsie," he said, "could you teach
yourself to love mc? For I love you
with all my heart."
And she cried, "Oh, yes! Oh, yes!"
and laid her flushed face across on his
shoulder, and wept and smiled in turns.
She had entered the room a child; she
went nu! a woman, leaning on her
lover's arni. Even Uncle Joseph no
ticed tho change, and Aunt Betsey
vaguely wondered what bad como to
So Elsie's problem was solved. She
went to be lady at the Manor House, to
gladden tho heart of this modern King
Cophetua who had fallen in love with
tiie nineteenth century Beggar Maid.
And as her dark beauty bloomed out
into perfeot loveliness, people wondered
that they had been so blind.
But Mr. Haven said quietly:
"I knew it all along. When lirst I
saw her pie!-, in g daisie , in the park, I
know that she was tho most beautiful
creature in all the country. I fell in
love with her then, ami 1 have been in
lovo with her ever since."
But to Elsio tho whole thing seems
like a dream out of tho Arabian Nights.
Ralston Pears in tho South.
Gen. Gcorgo Sheridan has often been
mistaken for thc other general of the
samo name. Ho wa? nt tho white house
onco during thc Hayes administration
when n delegation was announced. It
was a horticultural convention which
had called to pay it? respoot?. Presi
dent Hayes asked Den. Sheridan to ac
company him to tho reception room,
most of them thinking it was P. II.
Sheridan to whom they were talking.
Gon. Sheridan finally became reticent,
and the president sought to engage
him in further talk. Tho conversation
between thom ran about like this:
Hayes-General, havo you much fruit
in Louisiana ':'
Sheridan-() yes. Wo have oranges
and apricots and grapes in profusion.
Hayes-Do you Ti ave any of the hardy
northern fruit?-apples and pears?
Sheridan--Thero are a few apples
raised along the northern boundary of
Hayes-Do you ever raise pears?
Sheridan-Always, if wo have throe
of a kind.
Thero wa? a moment's ley stillness,
and then a big, fat fruit-grower, with n
roguish eye, unablo to hob) in, bogan to
snicker, and in less than a twinkle of
an ej-c they were all guffawing. The
president himself laughed with tho rest
-New York Tribune.
Lieut. Greek's theories respecting the
North Pole naturally moot with much
opposition in England. It was his for
tune during his imprisonment in the
Arctio to upset the conclusions reached
by Sir Gcorgo Nares nnd his compan
ions respecting tho Pahcoerystie Sen.
Having controverted what the English
explorers assumed to bo facts, he cannot
ex peet to havo his own theories pass un
challenged. Lieut Groely believes that
there is an ocean 1,600 mlle? in diame
ter, round about tb? Polo, that never
freezes; and conjectures that tho Polo it
self is the centro of an loo-capped land
covored with leo from 1,000 to 4,000 feet
thick Thean conclusions aro rejected
by prominent Arctio authorities In Eng*
A MU?lillAT'N ??I0UIL.3.
Trapping thu Little \iiliual Alona; th?Mew
"It is uot necessary togo lo tho north
ern latitude tn I. ara' lo trap successful
ly. Jersey will do for beginners."
So spoke :ui old indigenous Now .fer
ney Ikdtcruuiii lc sat on a sugar
hogshead which resf ?don a South street
pier and tapped it- head merrily with
Iiis big split-leather boo:-. His scraggy
whiskers and weather bronzed, pleasant
countenni. says tho New York Times
slowed (hal ho was ono of those happy
persons who hud passed tin- period of
lifo when youthful ambitions and aspi
rations never (o bo obtained had passed
away, and peace and content incut wcro
now accompaniments of a frugal life.
On his head wes peched a cap of black
fur, and giov? s of similar material
peeped fr.au deep ?lockets of the old tar
What stalled the old man was tho
presence of a ? ile of -teol traps, which
glistened in thc sunlight of a warm fall
day. lie eyed them furtively and heav
ed a sigh. The traps did not look at
all formidable as they lay in II tangled
heap, with thc four-foot chain-; spread
out iii every direction. They were of
the Infest pm: rn, light, bul of strong,
still' springs, though not differing in
any essential particular from Ibu ordi
nary rat-trap that many a mind-becloud
ed tenant at a late hour has put his foot
into while groping in (bu coal-cellar.
At thc ont! of the chains were little,
round rings, which would bu used to
fasten them to slakes,
"I suppose." continued the young
man. "those fellows will he sent north
to be used in mink trappln'. Rf I only
had 'cm in the meadows m ar my place
I would make 'he muskrats howl.
Thoy'ro thick down there, and I mean
to make it hot tor a few o? 'ein myself
"Tell tue something about trapping,"
asked a listener.
'.Waal.'' replied th" old fisherman,
"you look a- iii?.'i;;!! you needed a lit
tle of it lo spend them shoulders of
vonni and harden them muscles," and
ho pinched ibo thin, soft biceps of tho
young weakling's arin. "There is noth
ing better to strengthen young fellows
and build 'em up (hau trappin' and
trample'over tito meadows ami through
the wood-. There ain't any money in
it lo Speak "i. bul - inc fun. I should
Take the alt marshes en tho Jersey
const anti they are full of muskrats,
while tin' streams fun Inn* inland con
tain but a few. The muskrat is a re
spectable animal to trap. Ho is wary
and on Ids guard in the moro populous
districts. In value his pell is not worth
much. The juices paid for them vary
from 16 to 30 cents apiece, according to
the condition ?if tlc fur, and also the
condition of the market. Some years
they bring' much more money than in
others. The peps are used in making
hals. Sometimes they are done up into
furs and sent into the country to bo
sold under the name of river mink. Of
course, as to a pecuniary return, there
is not much to attract a young man or
boy in tills small trapping, but in it ho
will learn much about thc. mysteries of
the brooks and the secrets of animal
lifo, while lin- exercise lie gets is brac
ing. Thc cost of axes, hoots and traps
will amount to as much as ho gets f?jr
"Waal," continued tl.ld man,
"there ain't much piny in trappin', ami
its nio-tlv work hard work, too. You
want to bo well prepared for it. In tho
first place you nuts: have warm cloth
ing, for you will he out in most all
kinds of weather, and nights, too. And
in th?' mornill', win n you <_r<t up early
to go look at your trap-, it's ooh! and
raw. You must carry an ax or big
hatchet w illi you to drive in the stakes
to which the chains of tho steel traps
arc to be attached. Tin y must bc driven
in tight, loo. or the animai will pull
them out und away ho will go, trap and
till. Then yon want a big bag to fetch
'?.ni home in v. hen y ou get any. These
tilings, willi a good -ct of .steel traps,
will do lo commence with, ami dum tho
trapper may put in box traps and de
vis- means of alluring tho beast-. Some
pc?>ple usu ii little bail in tho shape o?
a piece of turnip or apple to allure 'om.
A piece of sweet Apple is awfully good
bait for a muskrat and ho will try hard
t?) get it. A drop <>r SO ?il anise-seed on
tim pan of the trap is also quite an at
traction for 'om. As a rule, however,
these allurements are not necessary, and
care, to cover up the trap will be suffi
cient. The muskrat is a wary animal,
and won't slop square into a trap when
he sccs it. He's Know in', and if it ain't
well hid he will step around it. Hut
there's other tilings to catch hosnies
muskrats. Ye see that capP" und tho
old man took his headgear otb "Ye
see that caji? That's made out ?>f cat
skin. There was a time when ?-atskins
was worth 10 cords apiece, but they
ain't worth nothin' now. In a season's
work you will probably run against one
or two mink, too. Real mink, too. Yes,
and in New Jersey I v e caught quito a
lot of 'em llrst ami last."
Catching muskrats is a common win
ter pursuit for fishermen ami others in
New Jersey, ami largo quantities of thom
aro cuughi. The money got brr them
helps k?'cp thc poor ? oastinen in to
The muskrat, docs not come ?nit of his
lair in thc daytime, except on raro oc
casions. Sometimos, on very dark,
cloudy days, he may be seen swimming
across the pond or down thc river, with
his hea?l just above the water. Ile b
an ugly-looking animal, of brown fur,
black, webbed feet, with white claws,
and lon/?;, white teethi Ho is a fasl
swimmer, and his powers f?tr staying
under th?! water ar?! enduring. At nighl
they come out to feed, and wandet
miles over Ibo Ileitis in Search of food
They travel over the SS me roads or
diese occasion* and make little paths,
which in trapping parlance aro called
runs. Tho steel traps are often set In
these runs, and are carefully covered
over willi light material, dried leavos
ami grass. The rinaitspcotlng rat, as ht
travels along, will probably got caught
It is always bettor, if possible, to catch
tho lively little animal in tho water
where hu w ill ?irowji. If on dry groom
and tim jaws of tho trap have caught
the log pretty well down toward tho toe
tho rat, not being ablo to pull away
will gnaw off his log jost abovo when
tho (rap holds lt. This is often done
and It shows thc pluok and cou rogo o
thc animal as well aV its endurance.
Many is the time tho trapper will bo
disappointed to lind only a stump of a
log in his trap or ono or two toes.
The. musk rat's homo, if the stream or
pond has a high bank, is a little hollow
place under ground five or six feet from
tho water's edge. Tho entrance is un
der water. The hallway, after it baa
penetrated thc bank, will turu up above
the lovel of thc water, and thom, in the
little dry subterranean chamber, ho
spends tho day in sleeping or is busy
storing away food for winter. Tho
trapper is happy when ho finds tho en
trance to these houses. He will ?wad
time in poking with a long rt irk under
the bank for tneso places. When found
ho places tho trap meier water just in
tho entrance. If tho rat is caught ho
will probably drown, a? tho weight of
the trap and his efforts to get away will
tire him, and finally, exhausted, he
sinks below water. In thc small ponds
with low banks the muskrats often
build houses of cornstalks or grasses.
Whole families livo in these edifices,
which are sometimes built BOVerai feet
above tito level of the water. Thu en
trances, and there are usually several,
arc under water. Inside they are fitted
up into chambers-cory littlo places
lined with soft grasses. A favorite mode
of catching tho rat in his own house Ls
to cut off thc top of his domicile and
place the trap in one of thc little rooms,
carefully covering it ovor with a Dart of
his soft heil. The rat when found alive
caught in a steel trap will tight furious
ly, and many a blow on the head will
he receive before ho will give up. Ho is
courageous, and on his own part will
make tho attack, as young and old
trappers will testify. When there is no
way of escape he immediately gets ready
to resist A dash is made at tho trap
per's log, and if he once strikes a howl
of pain will escapo the poor trapper,
while thc long .sharp tenta will holli on
with a grip that would sharao a bull
dog. Too venturesome amateurs some
time como home with fingers hanging
by shreds and big holes in their hands,
tho result cf too much freedom with
Tho box-trap is the favorite for
streams, as it is easily made, and often
several rats are taken in one in a sin
gle night. It consists of a long, straight
box, rectangular in shape, made with
entrances at both ends largo enough to
admit the rat comfortably. In tho ends
arc placed gates made of stiff wiro,
slanting toward the insido of tho box,
so that it can be lifted up easily by tho
rat going in, but eau not bo opened out
ward. Spaces are left between tho wires
so that tue water can run through ens
ilv. The box is sunk in tho middle of & \
stream and securely anchored with big
rooks. Then a row of stakes is driven
from tho box to tho shore, firmly im
bedded in tho bed of tho stream. They
are usually run a little up tho stream so
as to form a sort of fence down to tho
trap. The rat coming down tho stream
linus himself between two walls of
stakes and can not get through. Ho
follows along to thc trap; thon no dives
under in his efforts to got through tho
blockade His nose comos in contact
with the wiro gate and it lifts easily; ho
passes in and on through. At the lower
end ho meets tho lower gat?, which
slants in, ami cannot open it If ho
turns back tho samo difficulty moots
him at tho other ond. In a Abort timo
ho drowns from lack of air. Some
times, in u stream thickly inhabited by
rats, the trapper will find his box full
in tho morning whon bo makes his
rounds, niel the next night ho will
probably lind more. In thc spring,
when the rats aro running and swim
ming long distances, thc box traps will
yield a large return for tho capital ex
pended, Ft is a job to keep thom in re
pair, however, and when big storms
come the stakes will likely he washed
out hy the Hoods and perhaps the trap
go floating down the stream. Herc is
where thc. li ard work comes in.
Another manner of getting the rats Ls
to Hood them out A small box trap is
placed nt tho entrance to a house, and
ju-.t below tho stream dammed up no
that thc water will rise to such a height
as to drown them out. As thny attempt
to poss out tho main entram o they get
in tho trap, o?* if the trapper is a good
shot he will kill the animals as they
swim away. Moonlight nights there
is sport in shooting tito muskrats as they
aro swimming in tao ponda.
"Tho Mighty Dollar.'*
"Tho Mighty Dollar" is probably the
kaost successful play, financially speak
ing, in which thc Florences nave ap?
neared. It came to tm written in tho
following manner: Mn?. Florence, while
abroad, was constantly amused at the
French phrases which good natured and
oftentimes wealthy but uneducated
American womon mad? use of with
such an amount of misapplication and
mispronunciation as to cresta the high
est amusement nt their expense. She
thought that it would be a first rate idea
to transfer ono of these persons from the
st age of life to the mimic stage. She
spoke to her husband about it and he
agreed with her views. Ma also had
had a character in his mind for a long
time tiiat of a good humored bot not
overscrupulous lawmaker of the. groat
west They went to Ben Woolf, a clever
journalist and had him write a play to
ordor with these two characters as tho
promiuent feature?. Woolf did as di
rected, and tho "Mighty Dollar" waa
the rosult. At first lt was named the
"Almighty Dollar/' bot the American
public which can tamely submit to In
gersoll's blasphemies, could not submit
to tho uso of the word "Almighty,"
though Washington Irving, one of the
chastest of American writers, had given
this very name to the dollar. Thus lt
was the play was changed from the "Al
mighty" to tho "Mighty Dollar." Ia
tho characters of Bardwell Slots and
Mrs. (len. (Jllllory, Florence and Mrs.
Florence have appeared over 9,500 times.
- brooklyn Kayle.
A man living at Red Wing, Minn.,
lias a pair of golden can dlestkks which
he says he dug out of an Indian mound
at Waukesha, Wis., and which he thinks
are Ute golden candlesticks which form
ed part of the decorations ot Solomon's
Gen. Robert Toomba recently defined
a fanatio as "a man willi big station*
sad vjry gggl i^fttt."
A CRY FOR BETTER LIGHT.
Tb* Kiaka* Miner Rund llccaune Ile Cu
For every City thousand tons of coal
mined in tho anthracite regions, write?
a Scranton, Pa., correspondent, ono hu
man life is lost. Thia is al thc rate o)
fifty lives a month, or almost an average
of two a day for overy working day in
theyoar. When tho price of coal is
odjustod for the season the cost of pro
duction and transportation is all care
fully mun med up in tho estimates, hut
this ono factor of the cost of human life
in mining tho coal does not get into tho
calculations, and is never reckoned in
the price current. Tho chief causos ol
fatality in tho mines arti explosions of
gas and falls of rooting. While the most
dreaded form of destruction, that of ex
plosion, docs not appear from statistics
to bo the most fatal numerically, yet it
is attended by a fact that adds to thc
melancholy of tho fate of its victims.
Every life lost in a mine explosion is a
sacrifice to carelessness, either the care
less and culpable act of a miner or to
tho moro deliberate carelessness of ml .
owners in omitting to pr?vido better
light and ventilation in tue mine.
Scarcely n week passes in the coal
region without news of sonni disaster
from explosion or thc falling of a mine
roof, and overy accident is followed hy
the cry, Uiat has been made ever since
coal-mining began in the region, that
there must bo netter light for uso in
mines. Thc cry is soon forgotten, be
cause it has never been followed up "by
any practical effort on the part ot thu
men most interested to make it of prac
Accidents in mines are enormously
increased by the darkness. A danger
greater than that from a gas explosion
constantly menaces a miner. Of the
deadly presence of thc fire-damp he may
frequently trust his sense of smell to
warn him, but the other danger he can
only discover with his eyes. This lian?
Ser is that from tho fall of face-coal in
ie roofs, and one-third of tho live- lost
in tho COal-minefl are lost by those falls
Abi ?t n a mine may shatter a larger
area of al than is thrown down. If
tho miner soe? a crack in tho wall ahead
of him, or in the roof above him. ho
knows ho is in danger, ami he can tell
whether it ls imminent by his never
failing test of the piece of wet clay. This
clay, plastered over tho crack, will
shortly tell him whether the crack is
stationary or is slowly but surely en
larging and advancing toward the time
of tneiall of rock or coal. If the crack
Ls enlarging the olav will soon show a
crevice In itself. Tuon there la danger
swift and near.
Tho miner has the reputation of be
ing a most reckless and needless person,
and the evidence of many mine acci
dents show plainly that except for some
careless act of a workman it would not
have happened. Tho danger of fire
damp is as well known to the miner ns
the fact that bc is alive, and such an
act of bravado or thoughtlessness as
striking a match to light Iiis pipo or the
feing forward with a naked lamp or a
urning candi? while there was a strong
suspicion that tho deadly fire-damp was
lurking at his side would seem to bo the
madness of self-destruction, Not even
tho most reckless would bo supposed
capable of thus deliberately inviting a
horrible death or doom himself U> see
his chance of life and escapo slowly
wear away while he is imprisoned in a
locked-up gallery. Yot the interior of
a mine after an explosion too often bears
tho mute but unmistakable witness a.s to
tho cause. It may bo a half-burned can
dle, sometimes still clutched in. thu care
less miner's hand, ov a bux of matches
half emptied, or a naked or unlocked
lamp. It Ls a common thing to heal
th o report of a mino accident of this
kind ending up with the statement:
"Caused by a miner working with a
Hut in making tho clay test to dis
cover the danger that may he present in
a cracked root there is not much won?
dor that the miner risk.) ono danger to
tho wore surely determine the immi
nence of another. His lamp is dull,and
the) testing day is surrounded by dark
ness. The miner, to note more certain
ly tho working of the clay, frequently
removes his candle, and holds it nearer
the crack to givo him a better light, thus
imperiling his own life mid that of
others by tho danger of exploding gas in
the effort to more surely escape the other
danger that bo knows may be present.
If instead of the lirc-lly lamp the miner
is now compelled to uso because of tho
still backward state ami scientific neg
lect of invention in regard to the bet
ter and safer lighting of mines he had
a light by which ho could see clearly
what was threatening him in tho con
firms of tho gloomy cnambers he would
not, as now, constantly be tempted to
brave the risk of fire-damp.
Tho eleotric lighting of mines has
been suggested and experimented with,
but it does not t em tobe practical in
the windin? galleries and isolated cham
bers of the anthracite mines. The lights
would have to bo so numerous that tho
cost would place tho lighting of mines
by electricity, as a rule, beyond the con
sideration of tho mine-owners. "What
la needed," says an old Scranton mino
boas, "is a portable lamp, easily carried,
and eapablo of a brilliancy so great that
the necessary safety-screen can not re
duce it ?' dullness that will tempt tho
miner to bring thc naked flame of a
match or camile in contact with mino
gases in ordor that ho mny insure him
self against tho ono danger ho fears
more than an explosion. 1 believe ?hut
kerosene ean be raudo to become thc
medium of producing tho light II is
cheap and safe. To tho person who
will invent an appliance by which it
may be used will surely come fame and
fortune, and tho blessings of his fellow
men. Ii some brilliant inventive ge
nius could only oxporience even for a
?hort time thc sensation of a miner
when, in the absolute and lonely dark
ness of a mine passage, he hears tho
oralnorm aound of cracking beams and
rattling stones and coal overhead, tho
horror of which no repeiiiion of tho
sound earn lessen, and should feel, as
be must? the irresistible instinct that he
most have light, even at tho risk of oth
er per1!, he would certainly turn his
thoughts and invention to the poor work
men toiling underground until he din
covered amt applied the boon for which
tiwy have sighed so long-more light.
BEST GOODS! LOWEST PRICES !
Offer to the publie at large, the largest and handsomest stock of Cloths, Ca*?W
mers, Montaignaes, Heavers, Worsteds, Meltons, etc., ever brought South.
These will be made up into Suits, Overcoats, Trousers nnd Vests, at Prie*?
Unprecedented in this or any other market. Perfection in fit, and handsom
est trimmings, ns well ns Lowest ol Prices phall be our motto.
Sole Agent for Dunlap, Knox, Voumon's and other celebrated Hats.
Also, a thoroughly complete lino ol Underwear, Neckwear, Suspenders, CoV
lars and Culls, Handkerchiefs, Umbrellas, and undoubtedly the cheapest and
best ??tock of Shirts in the city. Tho best $1.00 Shirt in the market.
Thc choicest stock of Overcoats in tho market-our o vn mnke.
Wedding outfits a specialty,and satisfaction guaranteed.
All of the above atc offered to thc public, and du prices guaranteed.
Tailor, Hatter and Furnisher, 718 Brond Street.
Can always bc found a full lino of Medium and Cheaper Grades of
OF?JEW AND TOF? BUGGIEN,
At lower price* than tu any other liou^e this side of Cincinnati. This work
is all made to order, is lighter running and better finished than the cla.?S
of work gonerally sold as standard Vehicles, but I have just recolved a full
lino of Fino Family
Carriages, Phaetons and Cabriolets !
Ju9t received, another shipment of those Fine Open and Pop Burgles.mad*
upon special orders by the be-t manufacturers North and Hast. N' Hiting be?
lng used in thc construction of these Vehicles but tho best mttenals, and 1rs
quality, style and finish, aro unequaled by any others now in the market*
In stock a full lino ot
SADDLES AND HA11NESS,
AU grades, which I will offer at lower prices than htve ever before been
known In tho history of tho business. Milburn, Studebaker and Standard
Plantation Wagons, all sizes. Oak and Hom look Hole Leather, Calf Ski na. Shoo
Findings, Carriage and Wagon Materials, Harness Leather, Belt Laming ol
superior quality, Rubber and Leather Belting. Also, a full line of
H AR DWARE,
Guns, Shells. Powder, Shot, Table ami Pocket Cutlery, Plow Points for al!
makes, Nails, Ax"8, Hoes, Hicks and Mattocks. Pitchforks, Shovols, Spades,
Steelyards and Seato Beams. Grindstones, Kikes, Padlocks, Carpenters'
Tools, Flies, Hinges, Window Sash, D tors and Blinds, Farm and Church
Bells, which l am offering at lowost cash prices.
A. It. ?.OOnvI.AH, AOKNT,
(Successor to R, H. May ?fc Co.,) at the (Jul Stand, opposite Georgia Kati?
road Bank. 704 Broad -:reet.
THEO. MARK W ALTER,
Steam, Ularbie & (?Vanit? Works,
Manufacture all klnd3 of
Home & Eastern Granite Monuments,
529 Broad St., Near Lower Market,
Til ti lUi HA I'.'SI' CAiU'tirs LN (J Kt J HG IA*
stock Larger, Prices Lower (lian liver Before,
Carnets and House Furnishing ? ; ds. tho largest S oek S -nth. Moquet, Bru?,
.ds, 3 Ply and Ingrain Carpets, Hugs, Mats and Crumb Cloths, Window S m'ea.
Wall Pap -r*, B u ders, LsceCur?ni Cornices and Poles, Cocoa and Canton Mal*
Inga, Upholstery, Chromos. ^yWrlre for samples ?nd prices.
JAMES G. BAILIE A S ?N'S. Ag'tv,
M-ir. 17. 1^5"? -1") Ttl BrnadS MijMiaf*. Gt,
THE LAURENS BAR.
JOHN' C. IIASKKI.b, N lt. Di VL,
Columbia, S. C, Lauren-, S. C.
HASKELL & DIAL,
A T T O H N E Y S A T L A W,
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
J. T. .JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE-. Fleming's ('omer, Northwest
sitie of Public Square
LAURENS O. H., S. C.
ATT O H N F. Y A T LA W,
I.AUKKNS C. IL, S. C.
OfllcoovcrW. H. Garrett's More
W. 0. D KN KT i
r. i?, m (IOWAN,
BENET & MCGOWAN,
Al ?ORNEYS AT LAW,
I.AUKKNS 0. H., s- C.
J. W. FERGUSON. tl KO. t . YOUNO.
FERGUSON AL YOUNG,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
LAURENS 0. H., S. C.
R, P, TODD. W. II. MARTIN.
T()I>1> & MARTIN,
ATTORNEYS AT L A W,
LAURENS 0. H., S. 0.
M. J. HOLMKS. H. V. 8IMTSON.
HOLMES ?v SIMPSON,
ATTORN E YS AT L A W,
LAURENS C. H., s. c.
Dr. W. H. BAU.,
I OFFICE OVER WILKES' HOOK
AND DRUG STOWE.
|Offico days-Mondays and Tuesdays.
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
- AND -
PRINTING MACHINE WORKS,
201 Vin? Street, CINCINNATI, 0.
By buying your Drugs and Medicines,
Fine Colognes, Paper nnd Envelopes,
Memorandum Hooks, Face Powders,
Toolb Powders, Hair Brushes, Shay?
mg Brushes, Whisk Brushes, Blacking
Brushes, Blacking, Toilet and La?o?
dry Soaps, Toa, Spico, Pepper, Ginger,
Lamps ?uni Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
and Snuff, Diamond Dyes, and other
articles too numerous to mention, at
the NEW DRUG STORE.
Also, Pure Winos and Liquors, for
No trouble to show goods.
B. F. POSEY &BRO.,
Laurens C. H., S. C.
August 6j 18ft5.
Ito type used on ?us paper wa? wist by tho
Pclot & Cole,
028 Broad Street.
Pictures made in any kind of weather
Special attention given to copying
and enlarging Photographs*