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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, May 19, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. I. LAURENS C. H., S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 19,188?. NO. 42.
Wlint Work lite (Jood I'm mn ? HllOllId llo lu
thc Mimili of May-All IntercNtlllg Article
Prow nu IntrlllKotM Writer,
(W IJ. Jono* in the May "Cultiv-Cor.")
Tho earth is now wann onoagh for
grasa and weeds to grow rapidly. Thoy
cannot bo porinittcd t<> share with the
oropsthe plan! food in the soil; oxtermi
nation of them i? now the order of Hie
day. How to accomplish this economi
cally, rapidly and without injury to
young crops is ono of tho nicest problems
Uie farmer is called upon to solve. In
the recent progress of agriculture, tho
old-time method ot running around
young plants with ii narrow scooter, hav
ing u board nailed to foot and beam on
one side to prevent throwing dirt on the
little plants, first gave way to the sweep.
The latter shaved the surface nicely, and
with ils wing running quito Hat threw
very little dir!. Moreovor tho siding
furrows swept ont the middles nt the
same timo, a greai advance over two
siding furrows with scooters and subse
quent breaking of tho middles with
shovels. But with tho nicest work of
tho swoop, there is still a narrow strip
along the line of plants which is undis
turbed, and upon which grass cnn firmly
lix itself. Te destroy il, thc hoc was
called into requisition. This involved
heavy expense, unpleasant contact with
labor and great demand for hands to
ohop out cotton. Next came broadcast
cultivation with thc harrow in the first
stages of thc crop, w ith heel scrapes and I
cultivators later. This is as far as we
have advanced; indeed, most fanners
have not yet n ached this point, and thc
method is not yet, perhaps, fully per
fected. Hut from thc very nature of
things WO must advance in tins direction
-machines, implements, horseqiower,
must supplant hand labor more and
more. How to cheapen production is
the problem of tho hour. Our fathers
pushed labor to tho utmost in clearing
forest? and cultivating virgin soils. Since
the war thc usc of fertilizers has been
developed to great perfection; and now
surroundings demand tho most extended
use of machinery and horse-power. All
.departments of ?udustry aro moving in
this direction, and agriculture cannot lng
behind. Cautiously, wisely, judiciously
it must go en.
Our readers will remember the articles
published last year in tho Cultivator on
broadcast cultivation with tho harrow.
Tho points which seem to be well Bot
tled were that obstructions must bo re
moved - trash hi the shape of corn and
cotton stalks cut ap or knocked to pieces
and buried by breaking land with large
turn ploughs; beds, if any, to ls? low
and leveled down with harrow inn.ledi
utely after planting; if rain follow s plant
ing quickly, harrow as soon as dry
enough, never allowing a ernst to form.
As soon as colton begins fairly to conic
up, run harrow'obliquely across rows
never in the direction of tho rows in
four or live days run obliquely across
again in tho opposite direction, so that
these two harrow nigs may lu' at right
angles to euell other. In three or four
days harrow again across tho last. These
borrowings must begin early and bo re
peated rapidly to thin out thc cotton,
which they can do v^hilst the plants ure
very young and lender-when still yel
low. Win n older and tougher they will
be pushed asido often without hi ing de
stroyed. The cotton now la ing consid
erably thinned, grass and weeds thor
oughly killed, and thc surface nicely
pulverized, tho orpp is in condition to
bc easily cultivated with sweep or scrape.
It is said also that in the condition left
by the harrow ings a good hand can chop
to a stund two acres of cotton a day.
If t.-c soil is supplied with humus, and
the land well prepared, cultivation should
bc very shallow from thc start. In hard
soil, disposed to run together after min,
a deep plowing is perhaps admissible
when the cotton is very young, hut not
otherwise. In two experiments made
HUCOO&sively in 1884 and I88? at the Ala
bama Experiment Station, to test effects j
0? deep and shallow cultivation, there
woe a difference respectively of 86 and
100 pounds of seed cotton per acre in
favor of shallow cultivation throughout.
The two plats were prepared, immured
and Cultivated exactly alike, except that
when the cotton on one plat was about
a foot high it was plowed deep with a
long sccoter and scrape, as is frequently
done by farmers, and its roots considera
bly cut. The serape should always be
attached behind the foot of the plow,
not in front of it, ami the scooter used
with it should be very short, just long
enough to keep the point of the plow
foot from striking tho bottom'of the fur
row. Another interesting experiment
ma le at the same shdioit illustratoH a
point wt; have often urged, to-wit, tho
irrqiortancc of pressing or firming ?oed
in the soil to insure prompt germination.
Cotton was planted in two adjacent rows
on tho same day with two different cot
ton planters, one covering tho wed in
tho usual manner, ?he other throwing
the dirt into a ridge over the seed and
then passing it down on the seed by a
roller rigidly attached to tho machine;
weather was dry. Where tho roller
pressed tito dirt upon tho seed, a stand
was secured in b u days; the other did
not como up until after a rain had fallen
and somo twenty-four days idler being
Inventors have not as yet gncn ap the
hope or tho inability of i>orfecting a
machine for chopping cotton. ' There is
ovory probability that ono can be made
which will ??bunch" cotton satisfactorily.
Hut tho ?arno end might lie reached by a
planter dropping the seed in Inila. The
more hunching, however, is not the most
important thing to he compassed ; killing
the glass ulong the line of drill und
thinning the bunch out so the plant.s
will not crowd and dwarf each other ure
tho main disiderala. This, it strikes us,
the harrow will do better than anything
else. After tia? harrow has dono its
work, then probably a chopper might be
used advantageously. The bringing to
a filial stund will probably always re
quire some hand labor, but, aside from
this, cotton cultivation ought to be done
exclusively by machines. We have no
doubt the proper implements for thc
purpose will bo forthcoming in dm'
time. Machine-inade. cotton alone in
this country eau competo with that raised
by eheaj) labor in India and elsewhere.
lt is of the Hrst importance that the
carly workings of crops should be re
peated at short intervals, and thorough
ly done. .Vow is the time to kill grass
with hast labor. If allowed to get ii
sining foothold, it will take three times
as much work to kill it next month as is
required to do it now, to say nothing of
the injury done by robbing the crop of
food, and the bruising and disturbing of
tho plants in getting the strongly rooted
glass away from them. At least once in
t< u days the harrows or plows should
pass over, and whatever boo work is
needed be given without hesitation ol
delay. If thc ground happens to bc
dry, don't be deceived into" the beliel
thal the crop is clean because the young
grass is covered with dust and is not
plainly visible. We have seen many n
crop ruined by carelessness just at thu
point. A dry May checks the growth ol
grass and lulls thc farmer into fanoict
security. A wet June follows, the gins;
springs up like magic ami he novel
catches up with it nguiu.
If the harrow has been properly use?
in tlie corn Held, that crop will now lu
perfectly clean and so far advanced tba
there will be no further difficulty ii
covering up young grass or weeds cvei
with a scrape. We know from ropeatci
trials, even on bottom lands thal are si
liable to become foul, that a corn ero]
may bc mode with the plow alone. t
can bi- dono 0V011 with ordinary, ok
time plows; start before gross make
headway; with a turning shovel begin i
tia- centre of the middle and bed up, th
wing being tumcd away from the cori]
Thc Inst furrow, when a middle is com
pleted, will side tlie corn very dosel
and throw just enough dirt to cover u
young grass without covering the yoitll
corn. Thc next working: with a shoi
and broad turning Bhovol, begin next t
corn with wing towards it, ami thro
dirt moderately to thc plant.s. TllCi
two workings should be given before tl
corn is ten inches high. After that tl
scrape will do all that is ncccssar
When' corn is planted in the wntor-fll
row, a proper running of the scrape wi
cover nj) nil grass from the beginning 1
the end.
Tho Arst of May is the best time I
sow the first crops of forage corn, so
gimms and millet. Supposing tho int
to have been broken sonic time ago,
should have received two broadcast ha
rowings to koop the surface clean in
mellow . This is especially necessary f
all of the sorghums, because the plan
arc Mindi at first and grow off quito slo1
ly. Hence early working with the pl?
is difficult and md satisfactory if tl
lund is grassy. Th080 crops can't be
tlie expenso of Imo work; thoreforo tl
necessity for having the laud in tim
order nt planting time. Lay ??IV r?>
three feet apart ; drill Hie Heed of s?
gimms rather thinly and COVOr light
with a board. For fodder CON) prod'
in like mininer, but put in from two
two and a half bushels of seed ja r aci
As soon as tho plants arc up, and w
boar it, side with scrape, set to run vc
Hut; two or three plow bigs will suffit
and if tho land was in proper conditi
at tho time ?>f planting, no hoeing w
bo called for. Gorman millet may
sown broadcast if the land hus beeil w
prepared and is in fine tilth; a h
bushel of seed p?'r acre is sufficient. Si
oossivo plantings of above crops ev?
two or three weeks t<> tho first of Aug
w ill enable a furnier to feed his stock
through the summer on green fort
moro cheaply than on anything else, a
with great benefit to their health. (
and partly euro-say expose?! to sun II
air for one day before feeding; this \
reduce the water in them and rom
them h's? laxative, Any disposition
scour muy bc prevontod by a mi:
ration of dry mid green finuge; perk
this is preferable from every point
view. Clioap stock feed is like oh?
coal for an engine, it minces the COSl
production ?>f everything niised on
farm; and wo must boar in mind t
monoy saved is ?quivalant hi mo:
mad?'. If one can reduce tho cost
producing cotton a cent a pound, it is
sumo to him us if he sohl for ono t
more per pound. An abundance of eh
forage makes less grain necessary. W
not at work, stock may l>o kept with
tlc ?ir no grain if fo?l full nd ions of g
forage. If you havo pro pared foi
largo crop of cotton, cut it <lown
I ila ni a portion of the cotton land
these forage crops, they will pay
botter than cotton.
Clover ami OTChard gnim will bo rc
for tho mover by the end of the moi
Ont after thc dow is off and cock up
same es .M, ; n i ; ni I that is mowed before
o'clock. After bay is woll wiltei
should never tnk<; tho dow. Tho al
applies more csjiccially to that cut 1
a mower. Spread out in a uniform
er, not in swatliH, like that hamlen!
.Irios vory rapidly on a bright day.
hand-cut, and tho swaths aro very bc
thc cocking may be deferred to tho a
noon of tho next day; but if this is d
it is better to turn the swaths over ir
evening and lot tho undried bottom
tioi?H toko tko dow. Both graos nod
clover moko n better quality of hay if
cut rather early; the quantity, however,
will bo rather less. When a fourth of
the heads turu brown is probably the
best tinto to cut clover; when in full
bloom tho timo to out gross. As soon as
tito mown clover begins a new growth,
topdressit with a hundred pounds of
plaster to tho aero.
Kvery one who raises hogs ought to
plant hugely of the St. Domingo type of
sweet potatoes for fattening them in tho
fall. Considering quantity and quality,
we know of no Other food so easily and
cheaply raised for tho purpose. If tho
potato and corn are dried at the temper
ature of boiling water, three bushels of
potatoes will contain as much dry matter
as ono of corn; not as nundi fat or
nlbumiuoUS matter in proportion as corn,
but more of the starch group than corn.
Pens would moko up the deficiency in
the potato admirably ; the two would lit
well together and make an almost per
fect ration for fattening hogs. Have a
potato and poa patch in the same en
closure, so that the hogs may eat of each
at will, and you have tin? foundation for
cheap pork, if the Spanish ground pea
succeeds as well generally us ii seems to
have done in some localities, it might
take tho placo of the cow pea, especially
on lands containing lime. ('lover for
spring, Bermuda gross for summer, peas,
groundpeas and potatoes for fall and
emly winter, make provision for nearly
thu whole year. Let us strike for inde
pendence in this and every other depart
ment of farming.
Bear in mind that grain harvest will
soon be at hand and arrange work ahead
with reference to it. Gol mops clean
and well worked now, so that they may
bear u shorl neglect during harvest.
Some enterprising man in every neigh
borhood ought to bo encouraged to buy
a reaper and cut all tho grain just a^
parties now do the threshing. In ot hoi
words, a traveling reaper ought to bo n
regular institution. Farmorscai) ill apart
tho tinto from their crops to hnrvcsl
grain, and cradlors arc getting more ex
acting and exorbitant in their demands
TllO praOtiCO IS becoming quite genera
to cut oats when the grain is in lin
"dough," and cure it like hay. Cut, am
allowed to take tho sun a dav waihou
being tied up in bundles, ii become!
suflloiently cured to bo tied np an?
shocked in the usual manner. < >r it ina;
bo cured Uko hay and stored away ii
bulk in slacks or barns. lt make- ai
excellent feed
Fall oats were quite generally kille?
by tho severe weather in January, bu
W'ltCGC tho land has not been ploWOi
since, an occasional stalk of oats may b
found which has survived the cold. 1
would bo well to take care of these an
gather them carefully when ripe. Tin i
survival indicates a hardiness of const
tlltiotl which will stand extreme coll
and a very desirable strain of winter oat
might be propagated from them. Th
matter is worthy of trial. With ns th
moron ry foll b> /.ero; tho red rust-pro<
oats was entirely killed, with the vcr
limited OXCeptiona noted above; the wit
tor grazing oats was also very badi
killed, possibly a tenth escaping, ll
variety of oats that eau stand the cold <
/.ero is md to be had, what grain can I
substituted for fall oats? Bye will stan
any degree of cold; eau it bo utilized i
stock feed when mature and ripe? Woitl
it be practicable to thresh and grind ll
grain, ami chuff tho straw forage? (
could barley be utilized in place of oatl
Wo think the latter ia used largely i
stock feed in California how is il mai
aged? Can any one t - -11 us?
Louisville KHrrirH nn Hie IMnce ot Hie Ne
('onvriltloil->l*lltllllK Hie lleleuaUiiii on
Mulley ll.i-i
The Southern Baptist Convention w
meet in Louisville, Ky., on May S no>
The Kev. Dr. Cooper, of Rich m on
Va., was selected to deliver the Colive
tioti sermon. Home time was devoted
the Cuban mission. The question vv
whether tile foreign or home boa
should take charge of it and prosed
the work. Able speeches wore made I
both boards, but it was decided by
largo majority to give it to tho hoi
board. An amendment to the coiistil
lioil was adopted so as to require de
gates to be appointed by the 1st ot* M
of each year, and tho representation
bo one delegate for every one blind]
dollars paid into the treasury by the
of May of each year.
A report on temperance, pledgi
members to work for the suppression
thc whiskey traffic, was adopted.
The Convention adjourned sine die
the 11th inst.
Telephone .Hen Drowned.
E. Y. Hinkle, of Baltimore, (lem
Superintendent of the Washington T(
phone Company, and William C.
Stumps, Manager of Hie lines
Winchester, Va., nearly lost their li
on last Thursday nigh* while cross
Opequan Creek coming from Berryvi
Hinkle cut tho horse from Hie wai.
and witli Stumps, who has only i
hand, clung to the animal and w
brought safely to the bank. He
Mayhew, ropairer of the lines, reniai]
in t he wagon and was drowned.
-A silver tobacco IMJX which J<
Alden carried in his pocket when, in
courtship of Miles Standish, ho pres?
ed to Priscilla Mullins tho Capta
proposal of marriage, is now tim pro]
ty of Mrs. M. McFadden, of Allegh
City, Fa., a descendant of John Ah
belonging to tho ninth generation in
logular doreen!. Uer little stiver toi
co box ia a curiosity to visitors. 1
suppoaod to bo nearly throe hunt
yoars old.
Ul ISRX&KY ?' \ I TI,i:
\U Kana y ll rail llcforc Hie (?tienisc} BTWUB"?'
Among tin- varions breeds t<? which
popular attention lias boeu called in re
cent veins, thore is none deserving a
higher place in public estimation than
the Guornsey, whether for dairy pur
poses or the later garnered prollt as a
beef animal; and yet, perhaps, notwith
standing snell si l ong claims upon the
funnels and breeders' attention. no
breed is MI little generally known. Not
only ure there very many who have
uovor aeon a Guornsey, but there are a
vast number mole who have never seen
the milk or butter, mid a still greater
number w ho have never eaten Guernsey
beef. Those who have not, luisa' yet to
seo tho deepest colored milk ami cream,
the most goldeu colored butter, requir
ing no aid from eolcying li alter either
in BUIUUICI' or winter, and to Inste the
most highly-flavored beef in existence,
having a peculiar (laver of its own.
This breed may be said to be the hap
py medium between the diminutive Jer
sey and the huge Friosian, and com
prising the merits of both breeds. It is
thus pnr-oxcellenco the farmer's breed,
especially for the butter-making launer.
Docile bi an extreme, bearing neglect of
care well, it yet re]mys careful attention
and good feeding with as mitch interest
us can be expected of any bovine race.
COT.OK OK Tin: liitBKi),
Liven to the fastidious, whom nothing
hut ii solid color will jilease, its rieh
goldcn-hucd skin will provo attractive
und recommend its pleasantly combined
Iiilei; of y ellow or lemon-fawn and white;
for in no other breed will (lu re be found
such un exudation of. butyraceous mate
rial lilling the pores and the hair with
unctions matter, producing that soften
ing effect so dear to the hand ol' the ex
pert and to the "breeder of butter, at
least, as a general rule in this breed, it
being thc exception in other breeds.
While lo the practical man, who Knows
that color of the hair has not the slight
est influence upon the yield or constitu
tion, the charming, softening effects of
thu blending ol' the golden fawns and
white are sources of perpetual delight.
OHIO IN or ruc. nilKF.I).
As this is ic- old a breed as any other,
hus been kepi purely bred ns long, and
was imported into this country as early
as the Jersey, there must bc a reason for
its being comparatively so little known
lind extended. The earliest settlers in
the sea-board districts were Dutch,
Swedish ami English. They naturally
brought willi them (lu-cows from their
homes, mid thus, with the intermingling
of tin ir cattle, there sprung Up what is
now termed "Nativo llaco." Aa it was
found desirable to improve upon these
with pure-bred stock, (he Devons, the
Short boms, tho Jerseys and the Guern
seys were imported. Tho latter two in
thc li rat quarter ol this century. They
al once attracted great attention foi their
richness of yield. Knoll breed was im
ported indiscriminately from either
island under the generat. name of Alder
ney. As they became fashionable in
England, mid as each island restricted
importation, tho true distinction finally
culminated in the formation ol dubs for
euell bleed. The Jerseys, from theil
great beauty, as well as merit, have taken
the lead. Their praise hus been herald
ed in every manner, and being more
finely bucked up by records of great per
formance, the breed has a permanent
hold in this country, and as merit is
guiding selection now, its claims to value
will increase. Thus, also, it is with thc
Guornsey. The earliest importations
made by Colt, Middle, King and others,
have been maintained by many others.
But for many years past those who were
developing the Gnomsoys in this coun
try, were too busy enlarging their herds,
und having none to sparc, did but little
to call attention to them. Hut as a
?knowledge of their merits spread, deal
ers have steadily been i nc liaising thc':
importations, and breeders liavo goni
over and made selections, until now there |
is beginning to be a supply for the rapid
ly increasing demand.
As thu island has a history ?d' ovor
two thousand years, as the cattle have
strongly marked peculiar characteristics,
maintained by a rigid exclusion from tho
island of any other breeds, it seems not
worth our while to enter into the dis
puted question ol' the origin of this
breed of cuttle, but to conten? ourselves
with their excellence AS wo lind them at
this day. Wc may, in [Missing, state our
belief that they are of Norman origin,
though there is sonic testimony which
might had us to suppose they might
have originally been brought there by
thc Danes, or at least that some animals
were Imported by the Dunes and mixed
with those found on the Island. As
Normandy and Brittany me the nearest
coast lands of France with which there is
constant communication, ami as thc
present Norman breeds, the Oontentine
ami (he like, ar? very similar, almost
equally noted for their rich dairy quali
ties, and yielding most superior butter,
that known ns eoniing from Isigny and
Day cut and bringing the highest price in
thc market-I say these points should
biive great weight in ascribing thc main
origin of tlie Guernsey breed to Nor
mandy. Br, vhat as it may, tho most
unprejudiced minds, after becoming ac
quainted with all tho merits of Guern
sey, must admit that they have no su
periors in their peculiar traits.
Theso may be slimmed up in few
words. Tho Guernsey gives a larger
quantity of miik than any of thc breeds
which give rich milk; abo maintains the
qnautity for a longer time, more con
tinuously; it is tho deepest, tho riebest
in color of all milks; it is unsurpassed in
I yield of butter fats, less than flvo quarts
having lunch' a pound of butter, even
With tlx- few tests tl nit have been mude;
the butter is tho highest, and deepest
tone of al! self-colored butters; the but
ter will go farther; it luisa peculiar rich
Havor ano aroma; the beef is remarkably
juiey and well interlaid with fat of the
deepest color, tender, and ol' the highest
flavor, and the carcass dresses well and
profitably. Considering that there are
bul 1,000 head of cattle on the island,
and thal there must be more or less close
interbreeding, the Chtornsey cow is ii
very sure and regular breeder, and re
produces herself and her fixed types
with exactitude; her docility ?md gentle
ness, most important traits in a dairy
breed, are reniai Iud ?le, and the males are
ol' an amiable and gentle disposition,
seldom becoming cross or desiring to
In size, avoiding the diminutiveness
on tin? (?ne hand and tho gross size on
the other, the Guernsey is of tin? size
easiest maintained for good returns; and
when killed for beef, cuts to profit; as
oxen, while not quick-stepping, they are
patient and assiduous.
The color is peculiar, mainly running
in shades of orange and lemon fawn,
either in solid masses or prettily broken
with masses of white. Formerly black
mid brindle were more common than at
tho present time. The skin is usually of
so rich a golden coloras to be unrivaled
ami extraordinary. Ms linet iousness
mellows thc skin ami softens the hair
and exudes in a yellow hntyraceous se
cretion, 'l'he golden rim around the
eyes, the collections in ?he curs, and the
dandruff nt tho end of tho tail, all pro
claim the wonderful richness of thc ani
The long continued similar course of
breeding which th?' Guernsey has under
gone gives it that power which we term
potency; tin-ability to produce like, to
repeat itself, whether upon members of
its own breed or upon those of other
breeds. It is this quality which rentiers
tin- Quernsey bulls so valuable to stain)!
their get with the peculiar richness ol
the breed; this is vo lasting that it take
generations to breed it oui. We knott
of ait instance where a bull was intro
duccd twenty years ago, and thc butter,
as marketed from his descendants, showi
(hi' rich color ami the good flavor to the
The continuity of her yield in om- ol
thc most valuable t rails ol' the cow, loi
by this pertinacity np to her calving
even, the moderate milker in this longtl
o', time catches up and viel ;.s in quantity
more than the cow that milks well ?0
three or four months, or that goes dr;
for two or three months, gradually fail
?Hg up to thc time of stopping. This i
especially valuable to the owner of bu
om- cow, and where he owns two cow
ami insists upon their taking a natani
and needed rest of six weeks or tw
months, la- can arrange it so a alway
to have his milk and butter. Like th
hare and tortoise, it is the steady milko
that beats in tho long run.
. Tho Guernseys arc hardy and tough
and therefore titted for any section n
this country, and wo know of no bree
so titted for tho rapidly increasing dniric
of (he West, the far West and th
Northwest. < >u their own island tin
arc expo' cd more or loss every doy in th
year, in tin-?lay lillie in the hot SUDS ail
at night to tho heavy dews and to tli
atmosph?re heavy with cold and dam)
ness, provocative of rheumatism in tl
inhabit: nts. The farmer and the ?lair;
man want a cow of good size they on
turn for beef, that while alive will pu
well in milk ami butter. This BCC1113 I
ho a sino qua non with fanners of tl
East as well as of the West. Tf the:
Cattle on ll small island are exposed I
the bleaching sun and to such withcril
blasts that I have seen whole hedge
trees ami sh nibs blackened 1>,\ them
by a devastating Ure, can stand sm
changes, they arc well fitted to tho ha
'ile on many of our unsheltered farms.
Killed Her Itel rayer.
Robort Wright was shot and killed
Elizabeth, Col., on lost Wednesday. 1
(1 woman from Denver, whom he had 1
frayed, and who came oil a niornii
train from that city, accompanied 1
her brother. After her arrival alie wc
to Wright's place of business and ask
him to marry her. Upon his refusi
she (Ired three shots at him from
Colt's forty-live calibre revolver, two
them taking effect, one in his head a
the other in Iiis chest, and ho dropp
dead. The woman claims to bc t
mother ol n (Ive-weoks-old illegitim;
child, of which Wright was tho filth
Ile had often promised to marry h
but always failed t<? keep his word. H
made n)? her mind to kill him if he agi
refused to kee)) his promise. After I
shooting the woman and her brother i
tcred a carriage und drove t<> Kim
where the former gave herself up to 1
officers, but refused to give her name.
Georgia newspapers aro lament
because the Governor of their State o
$1,000 n year, while his necessary
penses are reckoned at $6,000. 'I
Vermont Executive gets i>ni $1,0
Hut, then, the Vermont chief mogistl
hats no great wear and tear in offlCO,
ccpt to lace tho 1,000 men, each
whom cla ris to have elected him i
proposes to direct all his movements.
-A number of girls in New York, \
understand stenography and Span
are getting good salaries from merclu
amt others having trade with Mex
This indurate.-, that trade with f
country is growing, and that it ia q
worth the while of women who work
diversify their stock of informal
Spanish is a languago very cosily lean
three months being ample timo to acq
enough of it for tho purposes of co
GEXBKAL Kinn u i c. LEB.
nu \<-<-C|IIIIIICC of ihr Coinmaud nf itu* Coufcd
. i \ r 111 y of Virginia.
( From tb<) Cliic.iKO Tribune.
"Did T evor toll you,'' said ox-8cnator
Pomeroy, <>f Kau sos, to me the other
day, Hud I waa prosent when thu com
mund of tho Confederate anny waa offer
ed to General Lee?"
"Well, I WUK; J stood within ;.ix feet
of him. Nobody bl tho party knew me
as 1 hud just arrived i.. Washington from
Kansas, and was almost an entire .stranger
hore. Kansas wa? admitted, you re
member, during tho last days ol' Buchan
an's administration, and Lane and I
were elected to the .Senate. We came to
Washington w ith a lot of Kansas fellows
to see what the secessionists were doing,
and were on the ears when we heard that
Fort Suinter hail been tired upon.
"Hut 1 am going to tell you about
Lee. I was keeping a diary then, as I
have ever since, and do now. Only the
other day I was reading it over, and it
recalled to me that about the Kith or
17th of April, hsiil, a committee of
twelve men came up from the s?cession
convention, then meeting at Richmond,
and stopped at tho hotel where I was. I
used to circulate around among them,
trying to lind oui what they were ap to,
and discovered that they hud come to
see General, who was over ut Arlington.
One afternoon about 1 o'cloek they start
ed off in carriages, und a friend of mine
und I got in u buggy und followed them.
We joined the procession before it got to
Arlington, und acted just us if we were
a part of their crowd. When we reached
the old mansion General Leo, who was
evidently not expecting uny cullers, cunio
out in his dressing-gown ami slippers,
and I toll you he was as noble a looking
a man us ever 1 saw. Ho had boen sent
forby General Scott, and caine from
California, you remember, to use his influ
ence to prevent Virginia from going out
of tho I'nina, und while he hud not
made any public declaration, peoplo gen
erally understood that lie was opposed
to secession, so wo watched what was
going OU with a great deal of interest.
"The chairman presented tho dele
gates lo the General one by one, and
when they hud been introduced ho be
gun u speech which I wrote down as
nearly us 1 could remember it in my
diary that night, lt was very nearly in
these words: 'Genend Lee. wc are au
thorized by tho convention now in ses
sion ?il Richmond to convey to you an
expression of tho confidence and esteem,
as one of the most csteomcd citizens of
Virginia, and to tender you tho com
mand of tho troops that have been raised
to protect tho old State from the peril
which now confronts her. Wc ure en
couraged by the belief that you, ?if- a
son of Virginia, will respoud to her edi
und direct the military forces so as lo
prevent tho military invasion of her
sacred soil. We know that large bodies
Of troops ?ne being organized in tho
north for coercion of oar people, and
they will be resisted by every patriotic
citizen of tho Commonwealth. The con
vention ut Richmond is awaiting anxious
ly for our return with your ie iv , as
your acceptance will give streui ii and
encouragement to the people.'
"To this Fcc responded briefly and
directly, Ho stund a moment with a
determined expression upon his face, us
if the mind was fully mad.' ap, but he
wa- not certain how 1.. express himself.
My friend mid I, from what we had
heard, expected that li?' would decline
and tell thc committee to ;J<> home und
abandon the secession programme. He
started oat all right ill his reply. 'Gen
tlemon,1 said he, '1 um opposed to war,
although bred to the profession of arms.
I am especially opposed to civil war, to
strife between brothel's. I regret that
one section of this country is arrayed
against the other.'
"Up to that,"continued Mr. Pomeroy,
"1 thought he was going to decline, but
Ins next words .scared mc: 'I heard the
voice of Virginia,' hi1 said, 'of the moth
er that bore me, whose soil is as SOCrcd
as tho ashes of ray father buried there.'
He's gone,' I said to my friend, 'he's
made up his mind,'and his next words
were: '\ cannot resist tim cull of the
sovereign Stat?! to which 1 owe my first
allegiance; but remember, gentlemen, I
shall draw my sword in her defense, and
with the pruyor that we, in defending
our rights, may not bo com polled lo shed
thc blood of our brethren.'
"He then said that he would go to
Richmond ut once and report in person
to tiie government.
"The next morning everybody knew
that Lei* hud gone to Richmond, and
within twenty-four hours the newspapers
contained his order upon assuming com
mand of the Virginia troops."
\ i on. mi irr iii n Prehlatorlc Product.
Dr. Van Marter, of Rome, has pub?
li shed un interesting account of the evi
dences discovered by him of prehisto. .
dentistry in italy. In the museum of
("?rnelo TarqniniuH, u city on tho Medi
terranean const, he found two specimens
of ancient dentistry, which thc Mayor of
timi city certifies were found upon the
Hrs! o po liing of tho buried Ftruseun
tombs, um) Professor Heilbig gives as
surance that these were virgin tombs,
tinting buck four or five centuries before
tho Christian, era. In one til the speci
mens the two superior central incisors]
aro bound by a bund of very soft gold to
tooth on either aide; tho artificial b eth
are well OMVCd, evidently.from the tooth
of some large animal. One other artitl
oial tooth was held by the sumo band,
but it is lost. Dr. Van Mailer hos in his
ow n possession a skull iu wlvioh tho li rat
n, per molar on the right sido is mis?-'
und which shows plain marks of an
alveolar abscess, proving conolusively
toothaohe among tho Etruscans.
THU ?IC (MOND <0\l"KHK.\?:K.
Madera af I ni?rent lo iii?' MMIIOIUNI Church
CHiittldered ami in , i . ? ? .1.
in thu Methodist Episcopal General
Conference lust week tho Manual of
Discipline by Bishop MoTyolre again
came up under a motion that tho Col
lege ol' Bishop? bo requested to publish
their decisions. After considerable dis
cussion tho matter went over without
action, lt was manifest that the greater
part of the delegates are unwilling that
the Manual shall servo as a final arbiter.
A large number of amendments have,
been offered, looking to a chungo of
Discipline, but so far little disposition is
manifested to make changes. Dr. Ed
wards, of Virginia, introduced a resolu
tion proposing a change in the order of
divine service on tim Sabbath ?lay. An
animated debate followed. Dis. McFcr
rin, Kelley, Young and others spoko
earnestly against the resolutions, which
WHS Anally rejected.
Tho commit!? o ou episcopacy reported
in relation to episcopal residences that
in their opinion there should bo a Bishop
from each (d' the great sections of tho
The Hew Dr. John Miloy, fraternal
messenger from tho Northern Methodist
('hinch, was introduced to the Confer
ence. Governor Foraker, the other
fraternal messenger from the Northern
Church, did not come.
A large congregation attended Cen
tenary Church to hear addresses by tho
fraternal delegates-tho Rev. Mr. Briggs,
of the Methodist Church of Canada, and
the Rev. Dr. Miloy, of the Methodist
Bpiscopal Church. The addresses were
all admirable, and were most attentively
The report of tho committee on foreign
missions, to which was referred tho reso
lution in reference to tho appointment
of a superintendent of loreign missions,
recommended non-c< neurrence. Adopt
The committi.ti church extension
recommended that the request for tho
establishment ol'a woman's department
of church extension, for the purpose of
securing parsonages for the church, bo
Mr. Peterson, o? Vngillin, Irtan tho
committee on Bibles, submitted a half
dozen reports in relat ion to changes iu
Discipline. He also submitted tho re
port of his committee in regard to the
memorial of tho Missouri Conference
asking that the word .South'' be elimi
nated from the name of tho Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, and report
upon thc resolution providing that
church members signing petitions for
tho sale of intoxicating liquor may bo
dealt with as tho ease may require. To
this resolut ion the committee recommend
non-concurrence. #
Thc session of Thursday was consum
ed in discussing different feuturesof tho
Manual cd' Discipline, lt was resolved
to elect four new bishops oil the 18th
hK>s\.IO\s Ot IIA.\UI,\(jl,
v \<w Mexico Man - Experience ni lin- llnnd*
Of n .Moll.
Theodore Baker, a New Mexico mau
who was recently hanged by a mob, but
was rescued and cut down before, lifo
was extinct, gives this account of his .ex
perience to fl nowspaper correspondent:
"A little further on wc carno to a
telegraph pole. From the crossbar
sw ung a m w rope. Oil ono end was a
big sliji noose. Tliey lcd nie under tho
rope, I tried to stoop down and pul!
my boots oft', as I had promised my folks
I would aol dio with my boots on, but
before 1 could do it the noose was
thrown over my bend and I was jerked
off my feet. My sonsos loft mo a mo
ment, and then I waked up in what
seemed to bo another world. As I recol
lect now, the sensation was that every
thing about mc had multiplied a great
ninny times. lt seemed that my fivo
executioners had grown in number until
liier?' wer?- thousands of them, I saw
what seemed to bea multitude of animals
of all shapes ami sizes. Then things
chang?*?! and I was iii great pain. i be
came conscious that I was hanging by
the nock, and that tho knot of tho ropo
hail slipped around under my chin. ' My
hands were loosely tied, and I jorked
thom loose and tried to catch tho rope
above me. Somebody caught moby tho
feet just then ami gave mo a jerk. It
Boomed liko a? bright Hash of lightning
passed in front of my eyes. It was fol
lowed by a terrible pabi up and down
and across my back, and I could feel my
legs jerk and draw lip. Then there was
a blank, and i knew nothing moro until
ll o'clock noxt day.
"My lirst recollection w as being in tho
court room, and saying: 'Who cut mo
down?' Tlibrc was a terrible ringing in
my cars, like tho beating of gongs. I
recognized no ono. Tim pain in my
back continued. Moment? o{ uncon
sciousness followed during sot oval days,
and I hm?' very little roooUeetion of tho
journey here. Even, after I had been
l?x ' jd np in this prison tor safe keeping
for a long time I saw double. Dr. 8ym
ington, WC prison physician, looked Uko
two persons. I was still troubled with
spells of total forgetfulness. Sometimes
it seemed I didn't know who I was."
- A Spanish vessel laden with moins
ses wont ashore on the Florida coast,
mimo days ago, and all but ono of the
crew escaped, thanks to tho assistance of
the residents of that ncighl)orhood,
When the wreck broke up and casks
of molasses bogan to come ashore, the
captain and the crew stood by with
axes and broke Hmm np as fast as they
came within reach, refusing evett the
empty casks to the men who H?I recently
helped to savo their lives.

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