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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, July 07, 1886, Image 1

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NO. 3
A Htory Thrillingly Ilololil-Vi nrly Our Ililli
trr.? Emigrants Slaughtered and I(*70,IMM>
Worth nf Property Stolon-Tlu* Bodies llorrl
bly Milium.-,I. rKtc.
Tn n work relating to Indina history,
by J. P. Dunn, Jr., recently published
by tho Harper's, tho author gives a vivid
and autiicutic sketch of tho atrocious
Mountain Mtaidow inassacrc, tlio thought
of whicli oxcites burning indignation
to-day, although nearly thirty years have
pawed since this dark stain on American
annals. As illustrating tho savage spirit
which incited this horrible crime, tho
writer quotes from a sermon of Brigham
Young, published in tho Desortot News
just prior to tho wholesale murders,
Young tells his congregation: "I could
rofor von to lots of instances whoro men
havo been righteously slain in order to
..done for their sins. I have seen scores
and hundreds of people for whom there
would have boon a chanco (in tho last
resurrection lhere will be) if their lives
had been taken and their blood spilled
on tho ground as a rrooking incense to
tho Almighty, but who are now angels to
tho devil until our cider brother, Jesus
Christ, mises thom up, conquers death,
hell and tho grave, lt is ti no that tho
blood of the Hon of dod waa shed for
our sins, but men commit ?ins which it
can never remit."
It was during thc zeal which Young
thus wrought among his fanatics that
tho mossocro occurred. Dining tho slim
mer of 1857 Captain rancher's train,
numbering lifty-six men and .sixty-two
women and children, most of whom were
from northern counties of Arkansas, at
tempted to cross the mountains cn route
to Calift >rnia. At Halt Luke City tito
train wa? joined by several disaffected
Mormons. In thc train were thirty good
wagons, as many mules und horses and
OOO cattle. Their route lay {brough
southwestern Utah, where tho Mountain
Meadows ure located. In those meadows
they camped on tho dill of September.
Hero is thc national divide. They were
on tho edge of tho Pacific slope, Tin y
just bogan to realize their holies, for
they could almost look over into Oali
nia, their "promised land." On Monday
morning, September 7, tis they were
gathered about the cami) bros, a volley
of musketry blazed from tho gulley
through Which ran tho stream Unit
watered thc meadows. Seven of tho ex
pectant travelers were slain and sixteen
wounded at thc ilrst lire. Tho men hud
been frontiormeu too long to
Tho women and children hurried to
cover and tho men returned tho tire,
much to tho surprise of tho musking
assailants, who had expected to enjoy an
unresisting massacre. Tho assailants
were made up of Mormons masked as
Indians of Tah, Utter, Upper Pi-Fads
and Lower Pi-Fads, and all lcd by John
D. Loo, a Mormon elder. Thc response
flujt tho bloody wretches received to their
lire (iiPve them buck und they sent after
rein forcefields, and while waiting for
thc same amused themselves by pitching
quoits, and occasionally shooting tho
cattlo and tiring upon tho wagons, which
tlio travelers hod to draw around them
os a barricado und defense. < )n Wed
nesday a young man named Aden, a son
of a Kentucky physician, together with
a companion, succeeded in eluding thc.
vigilance of tho masked savages and get
ting out of thc meadows on their way to
Cedar City, where they hoped to secure
aid. At ilicbards' Springs they met
three Cedar City mon, William C. Stew
art, Jool White and Benjamin Arthur.
As they stopped to water their horses,
and White attempted to kill tho com
panion, but succeeded only in wounding
him, when ho escaped and made his way
back to camp. His report lilied tho
emigrants with despair, Aden's father
was jiuown to have saved tho life of a
Mormon bishop, and yet his son Iwd
been assassinated by a Mormon. Already
they lunl pierced the musks worn by
many of 11101?' assailants to discover that
they were white mon - wcro indeed Mor
mons, fifty-four in number. Tho Indians
numbered '200. Tho lieaioged prepared
a statement of their desperate condition,
giving as their belief that tho Mormons
wcro their real besiegers, directing it to
Masons, Odd Fellows and leading religi
ous denominations. With this statement
thoy dispatched three of their best scouts,
directing them to California. The scouts
did not succeed in eluding tlio vigilance
of tho murderers. They wore run down
by Ira Hatch, a Mormon and a leader of
n band of Indians, in tho Santa Clara
as they slept and tho third was wounded,
and a fow days afterward assassinated.
Whilo tho Mormons were awaiting re
inforcements thoy knelt and formed a
prayer oirolo and askod for divine guid
ance. After prayer ono of their leaders,
Mayor liigbeo, said: "I havo tho ovi
? lenee of Hod's approval of OUI IlUSStOU.
It is Hod's will that wo carry out our in
structions to the lotter."
In carrying out these instructions they
found it necessary to raako uso of tho
basest treaeliory. This tlwy did by menus
of a white Jlag l>orno by Loo and william
Uah'ina n. "Thoy representad to tho be
sieged that the Indians wore terribly ex
cited ami thirsted for revengo because of
the loss of some of their cattlo, and thoy
p -onused protection to tho emigrants if
they would unconditionally surrendor.
There was no alternative. The supplies
of tho emigrants were giving out, and
inasmuch as tho Mormons wero tho only
white iieoplo in fftah, there was no bono
for morey from any otlier source. Tho
terms wore accopted, and on Hui morn
ing of Friday, Bepte abor H, they gavo
nj? all their guns and luiniiuiiition, and
then placed themselves wholly in tho
power of thoso whoso apatite for blood
shed hud but inst been whetted, They
marched out from behind
Tlio scene that fol loa ed is thus de
scribed by Mr. Dunn.
''It is just afternoon and tho ?lay is
bright and clear. Tramp, tramp, tramp,
thoy roa?)h down from tho camping
place. Tho men reach tho militia ami
jrfYo three hearty cheero as they take
their placea, murderer and victim, side
Lgr side. Tramp, tmnp, tromp, They
4W9 JOIUHtiag ttec point ol tho ridge whicft
lu?a nerved aa a aereen for tho Mormons
and Indians for tho past week. A ravon
flies over thom cloaking. What called
him th ore? Docs ho foresco that ho
shall peck at tho eyes of bravo mon and
gentle women who aro looking at him?
Tho wagons with tho wounded and chil
dren aro passing tho hiding placo of the
indians. How quietly they lio among
tho gnarly oak bushes! But their eyes
Elliston and their necks stretch out to seo
low soon their proy xviii reach them.
Tho women aro nearly a quarter of a
milo behind tho wagons, and tho men
arc much further behind the women. A
half-dozon Mormon horsemen bring up
tho rear. Trump, tramp, tramp! Tho
wagons have just passed oat of sight over
tho divide. Tho men aro entering a Ut
tlo ravine. Tho women aro
oprosrra TUE INDIANS.
They have regained confidence, and
several arc expressing joy at escaping
from thoir savage foes. Hoe that man on
tho divide. It is lligbce. He makes a
motion with his arm and shouts some
thing which thoso nearest him under
stand to bo 'do your duty.' In an in
stant tho militia mon wheel and each
shoots tho mun nearest him. Tho In
dians spring from their ambush and rush
upon tho women; from between thc
wagons tho rifle of John 1). Lee cracks,
and a wounded woman in tho foremost
wagon falls off tho seat. Swiftly tho
work of doa th goes on. Leo is assisted
in shooting and braining tho wounded
by tho teamsters, Knight and MoCurdy,
and as tho latter mises his rifle to his
shoulder ho cries: '() Lord, my dod, re
ceive their spirits; it is for Thy kingdom
that I do this. ' " The tomahawk, and
bludgeon, and knife soon completed tho
bloody work begun by tho bullet, and
in a few minutes after Higbco's signal
not a man or woman was left alive. Two
girls were missing, and were soon found
Concealed in some neighboring bushes.
Two of tho Mormons-and Leo was one
of them -dragged tho trembling and
from their piuco of concealment and
ravished them, then Lee ordered them
killed by tho Indians. An Indian chief
objected, saying "they were too pretty
to kill; let us save them." While this
objection was being made Lee held one
Of tho girls on his lap. Hbo throw her
arias around his neck and implored for
her lifo, promising she would love him
always if ho would but let her live.
His answer was to push her head buck
with ono hand, when, with tho other
hand clasping a bowie-knife, ho cat her
white neck through to the spine.
This finished the slaughter us awful as
were thc Sicilian vespers. Tho bodies,
horribly mutilated, were left upon thc
meadows a prey for wolves and buzzards
for weeks, and it was not until some
months hud elapsed that tho whitened
hones wore gathered together and
buried. {Sixteen or seventeen children,
ranging in age from a few months to
eight years, wero divided up among the
Mormons, and so was 870,OOO in proper
ty which tho emigrants possessed. Tho
little children wero subsequently secured
by Gentiles and restored to Arkansas,
but tho "strong parental government"
hus never compelled the cut-throat? to
disgorge thc $70,000 and restore it to tho
most of whom have always been in des
perate, need of it.
A stmnge sequence to tho awful mas
sacre is tho fact that Mountain Meadows,
from being a verdant spot in 1857, in
viting the fatal halt and rest of tho emi
grant?, ha? become sterile and barren,
literally tho abode of desolation.
Tho only atonement ever ofi'e cd for
tho crime was tho shooting ol ? T? hu 1).
Leo at tho scene of tho ma&'.acru on
March '2M, 1H77, nearly twenty years
after thc crime wa? committed, and after
he had confessed that on that bloody
occasion ho himself took live lives. Tho
responsibility for tho crhno wu? at every
Mormon official's door, and lingham
Young was their chief. Thoy ought to
have all swung for it. President .lohn
Taylor, Goorgo Q. Cannon and other
Mormon leaders ought now to bo arrest
ed and tried, not for polygamy, but for
tho Mountain Meadow massacre, and
ought to bo Innig. They could all be
convicted of being accessory, not only
after, but before tho fnet.
lu l.n;:rr Hei r un Intoxicant I
A stone cutter, whoso ellice adjoined
his stone yard, wa? seated in his oflice
when u friend called iqion him, and they
discussed several topics together, among
them tho question as to what extent
lager lxwr wa? an intoxicant. TJio stone
cutter maintained that beer wa? not in
toxicating, while his friend maintained
tho opposite. Tho stono-cuttcr said,
thcro is n man at work in tho yard
(pointing to a brawny-chested German]
wlio could drink a bucket (three gallons;
of ticer at ono sitting and fed nono tin
worse for it. Tho mond doubted, and
a wager was inado and tho workman
r illed, who when asked if ho could drink
that bucket ( point nie; to a large watei
bliokot) full Of beer at ono sitting, re
Iilied: "Voil, I don'd know; I lots yoi
mow af tor a vilo." Tho Gorman wenl
away, and after remaining tlftoci
minutes, returned, and said: "Yes, lear
trink dot poor." Tim bucket of booi
wus proourod and placed boforo tho Ger
man, who vory soon absorbed tho las'
drop, and a rose from his soat, wiping hil
mouth with his sleeve, and was walk hu
a wv y with a firm step, when his employ
or recalled iii;;' and said to billi: "Sot
boro, my friend, uud I have somo euri
osity to know why you did not drip!
tho beor when yon wore flrsl ^sked.'
Tho German replied: "Veli, I don't
know dot I mould trink it, so I vont ou
und trink ? bucked, don I know I conk
do it."-W., in Harper's Magasine fo
July. _
A Fahr Riflians?.
Mr. Warner Miller is very muol
alarmed about tho rico birds. Thoy arc
ho thinks, destroying about $7 worth o
nco for evory acre mined. It is a littl
si range, if this 1)0 so, that tho Soliator
from South Carolina and Louisiana alt
not come to the front. According to th
liest of our recollection, tho State o
Now York is not much given to tho pro
dnction of that ooroaj. As a genera
thing, local i nhl ?wt? oro looked after b;
those who aro supposed to bavp som
nrst-hsnd JuiowWdgo of tho subject
Perhaps Mr. MUlor will take in han?
alligator fence?, und that hereafter on
of tho Palmetto or Magnolia Senator
>!; after wood pulp.-Chieagi
toter-Oceoi. (Rep),
\ MOM; THU p. P. V.
A I.I:MHT nt th? Mode or MTo of Hie Ol.I. -i
Virginia Familles.
(From thc Phtltdelphts Time?.)
Virginia's ' 'iirst families" can bo found
all over thc State, but nowhere in such
purity and antiquity as in Stafford coun
ty, tuc homo of Governor Leo. Thc
county is not very largo and by no means
prosperous, but it stauds first as tho ex
ponent of all that is conveyed by tho ex
pression "F. F. V." Nearly every fami
ly hero can trace its origin by lineal
descent to thc first English settlers,
while not a few can speak of their groat
grcat-grand-fathers and grandmothers as
lord and lady so-and-so. Tho county is
named after the famous carl of Stafford,
and not a few of its people arc descended
from tho family of that nobleman. Be
fore the war these people lived in the
stylo of nobility, if without its name,
and now that tho conreo of events has
reduced their means they preservo Eng
lish customs in all except the splendor
which only wealth can afford.
In the Hist place, each family has its
little domain, and, however small, it has
au imposing English name, just as if it
were an earldom. Somorsot, Richland,
Aberdeen, Lennox and Wayside aro a
few of tho names of small farm houses
nestling in tho Stafford pines and sur
rounded by thousands of acres of par
tially cultivated lands. These houses are
frame, generally two stories high, and
tho poorest of them is surrounded by a
lawn, through which runs one or more
carriage drives. Ono would expect to
sec castles when coming in view of tho
beautiful lawns and tho centuried oaks,
and would feel disappointed at thc little
white houses nt the end of the drives;
but there is a sort of rustic harmony in
the picture after all. Heated in tho veran
dahs at evening and looking out on tho
oak-canopied swards, you would forgot
the absonco of the castle, and, if yon
were an Englishman, fancy yourself
amidst thc lime trees on one of tho grand
old estates across tho w ater.
The former home of Governor Eco is
called Richland. It is like all the estates
in tho county-a two story frame house,
a largo lawn and several hundred acres
of anything but rich land. Hero tho
Governor's ancestors have lived for hun
dreds of years. Of cou ree, the Lees can
trace their descent lo titled Englislimon;
at least, all books of heraldry make it
out so. At a distance of a few miles is
Somorsot, tho home of tho Monouro
family. The present Mrs. MoilOliro is a
granddaughter of tho famous Lady
Spotswood, whose portrait hangs in the
Capitol at Richmond. This family has
lived in Stafford county for nearly two
hundred years. All its deceased mem
bers are. buried in tho graveyard al Aquia
church, and a tablet near tho pulpit con
tains tho rather royal inscription:
"Sacred to thc memory ?if tho race, of
Monouro." There aro about ono hun
dred and fifty members of tho family in
tho county. Tho women, taken all in
all, are. tho most beautiful tho writer him
over seen w ithin tho same area. They
seem to have inherited in a remarkable
degree tho queenly beauty of Lady
Spotswood and some of them boar a close
resemblance to her portraits.
Tho Waller family, a little further up
at Wayside, is related to tho Lees and
trace their origin to thc same source.
Tho first of the Scotts came to Stafford
from England to take charge of Aquia
ohurohi He was one of tho unfortunate
class known as noblemen's sons, and was
assigned, as is usually the case, to tho
ministry. Ono of Iiis descendants is
I Congressman W. L. Scott, w ho passed
his boyhood on tho Stafford hills. Mr.
Scott has not forgotten his old homo
amidst his Pennsylvania millions. A
fow months ago ho sent twelve hundred
dollars to tho pastor of Aquia church for
tho purpose of repairing tho old build
ing, and is now contemplating a trip to
the homo of his distinguished ancestors.
The names of all the families who have
lived in tho county since tho ante-Revo
lutionary days would fill a half column
of the Times, and although they cannot
all claim titled progenitors, they arc the
very first of tho "F. P. V."
A great deal of nonsense has been
written about these "first families." They
are usually represented as thriftless, vain
and scornful tb all outside tho magic cir
clo of their society. They lack, it is
truo, much of tho energy and goaheadi
tivcnoHS of the Northern man, but it
must be remembered that most of thoso
yet living were brought up under condi
tions that paralyzed energy. Willi largo
estates and hundreds of slaves they hail
lio motivo for exertion, and now that the
war has swept away all their wealth, they
must cliango their very natures before
they can become tho pushing business
men who build up communities. The
now generation is growing up quite dif
ferent, and it is moro than likely that
when thiy como to tho foro tho Virginia
farmor will no longor let his nert* lio
useless or half cultivated. Tho fact is
that thc landholders in Stafford county
aro yet in a da/.cd state over tho result?
of tho war. Thoy can hardly reali/.o tho
chango, or if they havo they think it is
too late in lifo to start out afresh.
As to tho "proud, scornful women" of
tho "F. F. V.," it is a pity to strike a
blow at tho pictures which havo boen
drawn by imaginative writers, and which
havo long lieeu regarded as gonuino in
tho North, still tho pictures havo no
prototypes in real life. Evoryono hos
road tiloso fanciful stories aliout rich
and cultured Northerners sucing for tho
hand of poor Virginia frire? and being
refused, solely liocauso they did not be
long to tho "F. F. V." Those are voricst
IMJSTI. Hore among tho very oldest Vir
ginia families there aro many marriages
ovory year between Northern mon and
Stafford women and vice versa, Tho
socioty lipo ? lill".-is from that in tho
North only in this particular, that hero
wealth without culturo is insufficient to
gain, entrance into society, while in other
?laces it is sometimes quito sufficient.
?li thc ot her hand, eu ll ure, even if nu.
accompanied with a dollar, will open to
a man tho liest houses in the oonntv,
providing, of courso, that ho has tho
usual recommendation ot respectability.
hiuie Willie prayed long and Ineffectu
ally for a Ultlp brother. At last ho gave it
up os '':?o us?.-" Hoon offer his mother
had the pleasure o. showing him twin hu
flo looked at vfiem a moment and
then exclaimed,: "How lucky it was that
I 'lopped pray log I There might have men
IIBAItD IX to.\anE88.
Personal t'lisraeterUttai of Patrick Henry,
llntnlllon, Leo, Webster, Cloy, and Sergeant
h. Prentlfi?.
(Ben. lVrlcy I'oore, in tho Chnutau<iunn.)
Patrick Henry, tho great Virginia ora
tor, called in his day "tho Demosthenes
of America," is decribed OH having boon
nearly seven feet high, with a ?light
stooj) of tho shoulders, his complexion
dark, sunburned and sallow, his foro
hoad high, his blueish-gray eyes over
hung by heavy eyebrows, and his mouth
and chin indicativo of firmness. His
delivery was natural and well-timed, and
his manners wore dignified. Ho spoke
with great deliberation, never recalling
or recasting sentences as ho went along,
nor substituting a word for n bettor one.
His voico was not remarkable for it?
sweetness, but it was firm, and ho never
indulged in continuous and deafening
vociferation. Kvcry schoolboy is familiar
with his wonderful appeal to Congress to
oiler armed resistance to Qr cat Britain,
ending, "Clive mo liberty, or give mo
Richard Henry Lee, measured by the
classic standard of oratory, was tho
Cicero of tho Continental Congress. The
cultivated graces of his rhetoric, wo aro
told, received and reflected beauty by
their contrast with his colleague's grand
or effusions, his polished periods rolling
along without effort and liding tho ear
with the most exquisite harmony.
Samuel Adams, of Massachusetts, who
had been known as "thc great incen
diary" in New England politics, beenmo
tho guiding intellect of tho Congress.
Yet it does not appear that either he or
his colleagues took a prominent part in
the debates -wise counsels, perhaps, ac
complishing as much as eloquence. Ho
was at that time fifty years of age, and
his form was slightly bowed, while his
long locks were gray, but his ch ar blue
oyos Hashed with the lire of youth, and
Courage was stamped on every feature.
Alexander Hamilton, of New York,
small in stature, possessed a mind of im
mense grasp and unlimited original re
sources, of such rapid thought that he
seemed at times to reach his conclusions
by a species of intuition. Ile would
catch the principle involved in a discus
sion as if by instinct, and adhere rigidly
to that, quito suro that thomby tho de
tails wore certain to bo right. Rufus
King, one of his colleagues, was tho pos
sessor of an uncommonly vigorous mind,
highly cultivated hy study, and he
spoke with dignity, conciseness and
force. His argumenls were so logically
arranged thal as they had convinced him
they carried conviction to others.
John Rutledge, of South Carolina,
was probably tho most cultivated orator
in the Continental Congress. His idoas,
Ramsey tells us, were clear and strong,
his utterance moid but distinct; his
voice, action and energetic manner of
speaking forcibly impressed his senti
ments on the minds and hearts of all
who heard him. At reply ho was quick,
instantly comprehending tho force of an
objection and seeing at once tho best
mode of weakening or repelling it.
1 luring the first fifty years of tho ex
istence of tho "Senate and House of
Representativos in Congress Assembled,"
under tho Constitution, thoro were no
verbatim reporters, and tho Congression
al orators poured forth their breathing
thoughts and burning words in polished
and eloquent language. Business was
transacted in a conversational manner,
and when set speeches were occasionally
made they wi re listened to with atten
tion. The first written speech read in
tho United States Senate was by the
Hon. Isaoo Hill, of Now Hampshire, a
firm supporter of Qon. Jackson. When
about half through he suddenly lost the
thread of his discourse and stopped, evi
dently embarrassed. His wife, who sat
in the gallery almost directly over him,
comprehended tho situation, and said in
a vince hoard all over the Senate Cham
ber, "Mr. Hill, you've turned over two
leaves at once." Ho immediately cor
rected his mistake and proceeded with
his remarks amid a roar of laughter.
Daniel Webster was not on extempo
raneous speaker, and ho always prepared
himself with great caro for his speeches
in tho Senate and his arguments before
tho Supreme Court. Always careful
about his personal appearance when he
was to address an audience, ho used,
after ho had reached tho zenith of his
fame, to wear tho costume of the British
Whigs-a blue dross-coot with bright
huttons, a buff waistcoat, black trousers,
and o high, white cravat, with a stand?
ing shirt collar. A man of commanding
presence, with a well knit, sturdy frame,
swarthy features, a broad, thoughtful
forehead, courageous eyes gleaming from
beneath .shaggy eyebrows, a quandrang
ular breadth of jaw-bone, and a mouth
which ln'spoko strong will, ho stood like
a sturdy I tomalla-ad sentinol oil guard
before tho gates of tho Constitution.
I h Miling in profound oontcmpt what is
termed sproml-caglo orr tory, his only
gesticulations were up-and-down motions
0/ his right arm, as if ho w as boating out
with sledge hammers his forcible ideas.
Henry Clay was formed by nature for
a popular orator. Ho was hill and thin,
with a rather small In ad and gray eyes.
His m CM' was straight, his upper hp long
and his under jaw light. His mouth, ol
generous width, stri'Jght when ho was
silent, and mirving up at tho corners as
he spoko or smiled, waa singularly win
ning. When ho onchantcd large audi
ences his features wcro lighted up by o
pleasing smile, tho gestures of his long
arms wcro graceful, and tho gentle
goeegt* of his mollow voice were persua
sive and winning, or torriblo in anger.
His friends were legion, aud they cluug
to him with undying affection, w bile his
antagonists novov mado p'saco with him.
John'Quincy Adams wrote in his diary
that tho "oratorical encounters lictweoii
Clay and Calhoun aro lilliputian mimicry
of tho orations against Ctosiphon and thc
Crown or tho debate of tho second Pbil
Sergeant Smith Prentiss waa undoubt
edly tho most eloquent man who evor
aduvossod tho United States ilonso of
Representativos. A carpet bagger from
Maine, ho went to Mississippi ]x>or and
friendless, and not only became foremost
among her sons, hut acquired a national
reputation. Ho was, towed, ? seroark
oblo orator, II?M intellectual ondowmonts
presenting a remarkable exam plo ia
whick groat logical power? and tho most
vivid imagination wera happily blended.
As Dryden said of Halifax, lie was a nam
"Ol' piercing wit and pregnant thought,
Knducd hy nature aval hy learning taught
To move assemblies."
Thc great secret of his oratorical success
wm his readiness. He never seemed uta
loss for an epigram or a retort, and his
impromptu speeches were tho best.
Thomas Corwin, of Ohio, was noted
for his humorous speeches, especially
one in which ho mercilessly ridiculed a
lawyer holding ii militia commission,
who had undertaken to criticise the mar
tial exploits of (?en. Harrison, lt was
with him, however, a subject of regre t
that ho had ever said a funny thing in
debate, and ho used to advise his young
friends never to make humorous .speech
es. "A mun," said ho ono day, "must.
1)0 funny or wise. Von will l ise higher
in the long run to ho wise. This repu
tation of mino for humor hangs about
my nook like the body of death. lt is
tho Nemesis which will haunt me to my
gravo. Shun it while you may."
Stephen A. Douglass was ti short,
thick-set nain, with a florid, clean-shaven
countenance, and a nervous manaor,
which made him attractive to friend and
foo, and gained for him tho sobriipiot ol
.'Tho Little Giant." His mind was capa
blo of grasping, analyzing and elucidat
ing the most abstract and dilllcalt sub
jects. Ho had a deep-toned voice, and
his gestures wore energetic and some
what graceful.
We may not have tho equals of Patrick
Henry, Samuel Adams, John Rutledge,
Webster, Clay, Calhoun or Prentiss, but
us a w hole tho Congressional orator of
to-day is far superior to that of tho near,
or the distant, past. Verbatim report
ing has proved a great injury lo Con
gressional oratory. In the olden time
thc Senators and Representatives would
lisien to those who wi re speaking with
the attention of assemblages ol' trained
critics. When verbatim reports of the
debates wore made and printed, these
Congressional listeners were no longer to
be. found. A Senator or Representative
who had can fully prepared himself
would, as bc commenced his speech, SOO
his audience engaged in every other way
thau listening to his accents. Sonic
would ho in groups chatting, others
would he reading newspapers or IHM.?vs,
and tho rest inditing epistles or directing
public documents to their constituents,
lt would be dilUcillI for him lo gay wind
he had intended were there liol another
stimulus by which his toilgUO and his
patience were rendered inexhaustible -
thu reflection that although his words
wore falling lifeless upon the ears of his
ostensible utldicllCO they would be read
by attentive constituents al homo, lt i>
to them thal speeches in Congress have
been addressed since the introduction ol
verbatim reporting. Congressmen win
were noted for their eloquence upon th?
homo sttunp have floundered llirougl:
written platitudes at the capitol, oftci
prepared for them by some journalist foi
a stated compensation.
Ile lu ul Kirai IIIIIIHIIIK-Then Ucla drunk am
I? (.'aricil lloma,
Every city in tho country numbers
among its inhabitants a class id' individu
als known as whiskey poets.
The whiskey poet is a very decent soi l
of a pe rson until he gets drunk, and thoi
if ii house suddenly fell on him he wolli)
not he missed. When he loads hine
with an alcoholic stimulant he like, I
stand in a liar room and recite poetry h
an admiring and bibulous crowd whicl
divide their appreciation between tin
drinks ho pays for and his Mights o
fancy. On such occasions tho whiskey
poet soars far np into the blue empyreal
und snatches lire from the stars, and a
a general thing recites some little poon
of his own, which is very bad, and the]
explains tho beauty of tin: thought, whicl
is a good deal worso.
Ile is never at his best, however, anti
ho expresses to his companions a desiri
to know the name of the author ol' ai
anonymous poem which he declares b
bc thc sublimest and most touching tllillj
in the English language, and Hu n pro
coeds to launch the poem in a grave am
measured tone. His manner is solemn
his eyes reek with sadness, and his gc?
tares arc like those of a man who think
that this world is a hard and bitter pill
When lu> finishes the recitation he want
to know if the poem is not sublimo am
exquisite. The crowd, of courso, swen
that it is tho sweetest thing thal eve
smote their ears, and then the whiske,
poet, enthused by their enthusiasm, dit
sects the poem, takes it apart as it wert
picks out tho pathos, which he declare
goes straight to (ht! heurt, shows ho'
true to life it is, how it moves the sou
und finally ho weeps and nods to tho ba
keeper to sot out once more tho tinctuv
of inspiration.
At first tho whiskey poet is ralla
amusing, but in tho course of time h
get? us drunk as the proverbial bode
owl, jumbles his poetry in a muudli
way and becomes SO grief stricken an
idiotic that his friends realize tho DCCCJ
sity of curling him off to his home i
order to prevent him fulling into the en
bruce of tho police.
Shottory nml ShaheappMttf.
If there is ono thing more than anotl
cr calculated to shake down the fotteiin
remnant of faith which is still K it to ll
world it is Hie researches of resile;
arcliieologists. Generations of Knglisl
men, Americans and, distinguish!
strangers on paying tho usual tribute i
respect and curiosity al SI ral lord-01
Avon havo extended their pilgrimage I
Hhottory, and af ha- gazing at the cot ht}
where Anno Hathaway was hither
born, wooed and won bav? gone awi
happy in the belief that they had sc?
thc si>ofc whore Shakespeare was tak<
in just as any other man might hu'
.boon, Rut HOW some record search
discovers that William Shaxncrc marri?
Anno Whatoloy, of Templo Grafton, ai
explains that by a "ourious mctonon
common to tho times" Whatoloy is mei
ly a funny way of Hathaway, whore
Templo Grafton contains no conuudriu
lb nee Shottory has nothing t<> do wi
Mrs. Shakespeare. Nobody gains an
thing by tho discovery, if it is ono; In
on the other hand, common decency ?
monds that it should have boen left hi
den till tho point concerning tho idon
tv of Shakespeare and Baoon hos bo
finally cleared up.-Pall Moll Uftsetto,
Willoh Colonel n. V, Sloan i ?.- ? - * Sounded i>n
Several liii|torlnnl ?>. ??M-MMI-.
Colonel D. U. Sloan, ol' tho National,
has a historic hom ami on hoing asked
tlie story connected with it furnished thc
following sketch:
You ask mc for a history of tho hom I
blow as thc cars brought Jefferson Davis
into the Cato City of tho South.
Well, to begin, this horn has boen in
my possession a quarter of a century.
Notice those small perforations through
tho shell. Hoe how tho worms have
eaten it. Yet it retains its original mel
low tone. Tliis horn was presented to
mo by u man who never saw or heard of
mo in his life; by a man I never saw or
heard of till after his dcatli. His name
was Kirkpatrick, lt cunio about in this
way. Tlic gentleman lived near Charles
ton, S. C., had been a groat hunter, was
on his deathbed, und said to Stroheoker,
of Charleston, who was sitting by his
side: "Stroheoker, there hangs a horn:I
prize it very highly on account of it?
superior tone; I fool that I shall never
bo ublc to sound it nguiu; thc delights of
tho chase is all ovor with mc; Strohock
or, take that horn und give it to some
good hunter for nie, und tell him I be
queathed it to him as a dying gift."
Stroitecker promised, und thus I became
the luvend one, und 1 trust, ifdop&rtod
spirits have cognizance of what WO do
hero below, Hint the soul of Kirkpatrick is
satisfied with his legatee. I have winded
this hom in many a hunt on tho Blue
Itidgo mountains with that patriot, tko
best of men, Wade Hampton, with Alick
Haskell, thc Taylors, Culhouns and oth
ers of South Carolina's noblest sons. I
made tho seacoast welkin ring with this
horn on that memorable evening of se
cession in Charleston. I sounded it on
Atlanta's hills for Democratic victory
und Crover Cleveland, and I m ado it re
st.mid with lusty blasts on tho triumphal
entry into tho city of Atlanta of our old
Confederate captain.
I was a secessionist in tho war, a South
Carolina rebel, but am under reconstruc
tion now. I do not feel that I com
mitted treason against tlie general gov
ernment, If so, our fathom did thc same
in tho llovolution; tho sumo causes ex
isted, but au ii.scrutable Providence gave
success to tho ono and defeat to thc oili
er. Clod docth all things well.
1 nm a I nion mun now, und should
Massiichusctta or South Carolina secede, 1
I. would help whip thom back.
The lost cause is dead and buried now.
I iv\ < Te it s ashes, und love the grund old
chieftain who will soon follow it to that <
bourne from whence no traveler returns.
I honor him because ho novor flinched or 1
faultorcd from what ho believed to bc
his duly; 1 honor him because he was
over staunch and true to his trust. But
wc fool that wo are again hock in tho
house of our lathers, and are herc to
stay; wo feel that tho great banner willi
its stars ure. our slurs, its stripes our
stripes; once moro wo cnn place our
hands upon our hearts and say for the
star-spangled bonnor: "Long, long may
it wave," otc. Henceforth, its foes arc
our foes, its frit, \s our friends.
JofTorson Davis is no longer its foo. It
was not that lie loved the, great federa
tion less, but tlint he loved tlie principles
of tho Confederacy moro. Yes, I love
and honor this dying hero, but Cod for
bid that in so doing 1 should cast a
shade of dishonor or disrespect on my
country's Hag. 1 feel us if, by thc grand
est impulse, of my nature, I could grasp
and bear aloft in my right bund my
country's colors, und willi my loft hand
put into an honorable gravo the loved
form of JofTorson Davis, who soon must
go. 1 entertain no feelings of animosity
toward our Northern brethren, once eur
foes. 1 look down upon them with
pride They are a great people, a most
wonderful people. Let us together build
np un American government so grand,
so good that t!ui heavens muy smile upon
us, and tho whole world gn/.e upon it in
But this horn f hope to blow it again
in 1888 for (?rover Cleveland, or some
other Democratic President, and if do
tent shall bo our fate, I will hang il upon
tho willows for another day. Once be
fore then, however, I will lake it down
n ul blow a strain for Governor John B.
Cordon, a nanu? of irresistible lovo to
every son of South Carolina and ovory
boy who wore tho gray. D. U. SLOAN.
Aol ll.ul io Ki- Un- Hillie.
Tho court of chancery in New Jersey
has just rendered an opinion holding
that u witness ia that State who swears
by tiic ibbie is not bound to kiss the
A woman when sworn had laid her
hand on tho Ibbie but refused to kiss A.
Tho only reason she gave for the. refusal
was 11 int she hod "never kissed thc
book." She was allowed by the. master
to testify, but a motion was subsequent
ly mude to strike out lier testimony.
Fiero is tho law, as laid down by Vice
Chancellor hird:
"Almighty God, or tho over living
Cod, or the like, is called upon by thc
witness to witness that he will speak thc
truth, The rest is form. Tho solemn
invocation, affirmation or declaration is
Hie substance. All else is shadow. Thc
witness in this case was sworn with lier
hand upon tho book. Tliero can bo no
doubt but that if slio made, a false state
ment willfully shu is liable lo indictment
for perjury.
"Ihit it is said that this may bo tnio
und yet tho conscience of thc witness not
bo bound, which is tho object of tho
oath. There is great force in this. How
did the witness herself regard it? She is
presumably a witness, for nothing to the
contrary appears. Shu accepted tho form
of thc oath as usually administered, with
out objections, except kissing tho Bible.
I>y this act on her part tho court is jus
tified in presuming, without further in
quiry, that tho witness intended that hor
conscience should he bound. Speaking
from Uie forum of her conscience, sho
declared (hut it wu? not essential to kiss
tho book in order to impose upon herself
all the obligations of nu oath."-Now
York Herald.
A matrimonial authority says: "Those
two rules will \H> safo to follow in all but
I a fow except ional eases: First, for a wo
man to ro?ase marriage with any man
\N1IO is objected to by nor malo relatives
I provided they aro reasonably well ac
qunintcd with tho object of supposed
affection; and, secondly, for a man to
refrain from offering: his hand in mar
riage to a woman who ia not approved
by his sister, or if he has none, by his
judioieus lady friends.
A I'olorcd .Mn H'M Knit Again*! a Kleatnbont
< tonipauy.
G. McCants Stewart, tho colored law
yer, formerly Professor of Mathematica
Ul tho Sdutl? Carolina State Agricultural
Cohcgc, and at ono time General Agont
for Industrial Education in Liberia, ha?
begun suit for $20,000 damages against
thc President of tho Peoples Lino of
Albany steamers. Mr. Stewart states in
his complaint that on June 8, when about
to start for Albany on legal business, ho
went to Charles H. Orr, au acquaintance,
and one of the ageuts of tho People's
Lino, at No. 207 Broadway, and asked
liim whether it would bo better for him
lo go to Albany by boat or by rail. Mr.
Orr advised Mr. Stewart to go by tho
night boat, Hie Daniel Drew, on which
lie would bo able to have a good night's
rest. Mr. Stewart paid for a ticket and
asked if he would have any dilliculty in
securing a berth on tho steamet on ac
count of his color. Mr. Orr laughed at
tho idea, and said that ho had novcr
known of a Hudson Uiver passenger
steamer refusing to curry passengers or
to give them staterooms. Mr. Orr tele
phoned to Hie dock to engage a state
room for Mr. Stewart, and gave, him n
cheek for the room, but told him to pay
thc purser for it. When Mr. Stewart
roached the steamer ho presented his
stateroom check to the purser. Tho lut
ter asked who thc stateroom was for, and
when Mr. Stewart replied that it was for
himself the purser Haily refused to give
him the room. Mr. Stewart t uen ex
plained that the agent hud told him that
thero would bo no dilliculty about his
securing a room, but thc purser still re
fused to give him thc room, although it
was vacant.
Mr. Stewart went to tho captain of tho
steamer, who treated him kindly and ap
peared annoyed at the purser's behavior.
Thc Captain said that ho would seo tho
purser. He had a talk with tho hitter,
after which, however, lie told Mr. Stew
art that ho could uot let liim huvo tho
room. Several passengers assured Mr.
Stewart that they would act us witnesses
for him if he went to law over the mat
ter. Mr. Stewart left tho boat, and soon
afterward placed the mutter in thc bauds
of a lawyer, w ho hus since begun pro
ceedings. Mr. Stewart says that ho
brings tho suit on thc grounds of a
breach of contract and a refusal to act us
common carrier, ile says that he does
not wish to make. Iiis stund on his civil
right? us H colored citizou, us an agita
tion of that .subject might prove injuri
ous. Algernon S. Sullivan and cx
Governor Chamberlain have been retain
ed for Mr. Stewart.
Columbia, S. C. Laurens, S. C.
A T T ? lt N E Y S A T L A W,
OFFICE-Fleming's ('omer, Northwest
side of Public Square
LAURENS C. H., S. 0.
Olllcc over W. II. Garrott's Store
W. O. HEN ET, y. r. M'GOWAN,
Abbeville. Laurens.
LAURENS 0. H., S. C.
LAURENS 0. H., 8. 0.
R. 1*. TODD. W. n. MARTIN.
A T T O R N E Y S A T L A W,
C. IL, S. C.
OHicc over ?torc of W. L. BOYD.
Dr. W H. BAU*,
Ofllco days-Mondays and Tuesdays,
By buying your Drugs'and Medicines,
Kine Colognes, Paper and Envelopes,
Memorandum Books, Paco Powders,
Tooth Powders, Hair Brushes, Shav
ing Brushes, Whisk Brushes, Blacking
Brushes, Blacking, Toilet and Laun
dry Soaps, Tea, Spice, Pepper, Ginger,
Lamps and Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
and Snuff, Diamond Dyos, and other
articlos too Humorous lo mention, ai
Also, Puro Wines and Liquors, lot
medical purposes.
No troublo to show goods.
Laurens C. IL, S.C
August ?, 18S6. 1 ly
- AMO -
201 VI?? Street, CiNClHHATI, 0,
The typs o**i on tua fspsr wat se* pf tts)
?Hrs frtnedrf

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