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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, August 04, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067760/1886-08-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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?Htcr Hipp
YOL. ?.
big job of Clothing
_Baltimore Fir?.
Kemi Before llie lt (dimond Cornily {Un.) ?
i-1 : ! I ti r ;i ! Surinly.
(Frrm Ibo A\n<u;Ut Oiu-^.M .)
Much hus hoon said tv ntl writtcli Upon
this important subject, ?ind. although thc
merits of the system liavo bebu often
mu? utily discussed, it* docs poi sivm to
havo boon presented with snell force ns
to rcconxtJicncLit ty tim great masy of oui'
agricultural population.
Thc jurent majority ol Softthcra a TI
ctdturalists imagine they lind tin
methods of their fathers ad qua te, at
least to ii poor yiipp?rt, and wv . indil?-r
ont to any improvements ?uggi ?ted 1;
agricultural pupers, niagii/.im s cte.
In preparing this paper I mn ind 'bled
for many -valuable ftugg stioiih t? our
Commissioner of Agriculture, Col. .1. J".
Hcndorson, to Maj.?r Luth r M. Han
som, of tho State Board if Agriculture
of tho State of South j Cu lol ina, to tjie
bO<)V(Of;lIusl)andr^ by George! li.
\f iirinpr, met tor ColJ 13. T. HtooklipilBo
foy a practical letter upon hi^ o\v;i ex
Practically ttgodtlrotati m : hould dis
tribute tho farm work equally, and il
should give nu" opportunity for clearing
tho land, ami it is generali;) advised thai
the details of tho rotation bc regulated
very much more hy tho fanner's de
mand for food for Iii ; cattle than by any
arbitrary rule, the two obj ids being con
staidly in pt in view of furnishing, so fai
ns possible, regular employment for men
and teams throughout tim niifly seasons,
and of pursuing such ti course us slndl
supply the land with Hie requisite
manure at thc proper tim ? -.
Asa matter of general advico, it is
recommended that thc bulk of tho farm
manures bo applied lo such crops ns
corty etc., as cannot bo injured by the
most stimulating nm IRuitJon, und thal
grain crops should follow tildie tb which
stable manures were originally applied:
that crop? which have feeble powers of
scuding their rootq deep in thu soil in
search oT food, such as wheat ?r oui -. '
should follow such crops' RS OlOVOt Ol'
pea vines, which have this [lower in an
ex t rao rd i it;1 ry degree.
The erupa wlucb/rcqtiivi ? 'cnn culture,
and the e\peUfcO of whoso cultivation ls
vory much increased by tho foulness of
thu hind, should follow crop, ivhicli
leave the laud free from Wi i ds or roots,
after grain, and that ero j is which re
quire a largo amount of decomposing,
organic matter, should follow t! e de
composition of roots and li bbb. grass.
Two plants may ho culti uted sido b?
-' fddcnr successively, wlicn llie'v require
unequal/luaytitit -ol tlipsaiimjcoiiltUi^ j 1
cn ti* j nt difl'eit tit linti-ft "tlicv" will ?(row j i
luxuriantly 'without inri timiv injury, if M
they require for their development iliiler- i
put ingtedibnts of tho soiT. As nil plants 1
'remove from tho soil certainconstituent* ; ?
it is quite obvious thal none of thom I (
oan render it oithor riolu : Ol' more fertile I I
for plants of another kind, ll wc eon-1 I
vert into arabio lands a soil which luis) ]
grown for Centuries wood or vegetation
which hus not changed, and it wc spread
over it tho (Iflht ? f ?h? wood and brush,
WO have added to that conhiilie ! w ithin
the soi! anew provision of'alkaline buses
and of phosphide-, which m. \ su?lico?pr
n hundred or more mops of certain
plants, if tin ii oil e< ..i...i.? silicatos, .sus
""ccpiible. of disinb gr?tl? >iif then NV ill also
bs present m it fTo\tibh silwfiito bf potad,
pr soda, ivjlich ls ines-j.y for {cijdiring
maturo tho shim of the ?ili?Joiis plant,
such as oat, whom, o Mid barley; omi
with the phosphates alli .lily prescht wc
Jjuve such a soil, nil the conditions node -
wary, to sustain, uninterrupted) crop? of
porn for a scrips of years, if this Boil
bo either delicien) pr wanting in th?
silicates, but yet Contain a quantity of
1 Kilts of linieand of phosphates, we will be
i timi ib.. i to obtain from it for a number
?>i years SIIOfltiflHivfl oropfl of tobacco,
peas, beaus, ?au, Jhd if UOJlfi of tim in
gredients iurnnjln jj U> iii. ?:> ;dsiit i bc
returned to ibis sou, a time mus, como
when it eau no longer furnish their con
otJtu. ni., t^ a now vegetation, when it
lllUSt become OOOiplOtoIy exhausted ami
at last Quito sterile, o-von i?l' need?,
A Jichi artificially prepared for culture
contains A certain amount of urv>imilaled
Ingredients, otao vf anuiioniaLd salts
and decaying vegetable patter. Tho
system of rotation adopted op stich n
held is that potasll plants i turnips or
potatoes) is succeeded by a silica plant
(ouf??, wheat Ol burley, and tie latter by
lime pliuits i peas pr clover.) All these,
plant? reipiire phosphates and alkaline?
-tlie potash plan! requiring tho largos!
x quantity of the latter und thu smailes!
quantity of tin former; tho B?lica plants
roquiro, in addition to the Bolnblo silica
.left by thu potash plante, n considerable
quantity of phosphate, mid the succeed
ing ^lillie plants - pens and clover are
capable of pxkatutiug the -oil of this im
portaut ingredient to sudh an extent that
1 there is indy snfffoionl left to enable a
crop of oat? t<> form their seed.
A rotation of crops is attempted so far
as tho exigcucicH of tim cotton crop
allow, by following cotton with corn,
and that the samo year with oats, sow
ing peas 00 the stubble mid following
with cotton thu next spring. I lome
made manures are used so far as they go
with cjuiollont runulU; COOlUOst^of much
and stable mannie arc coming more into
uso, ?ud tho field pen, either honed un
der or left to Hither on tho mn lace, adds
largely to tho fertility of thc boll,
notation of crops is no where reduced
v toas; stem. With a moderate UM? <?<
tuattluxS and can fill Ciiltiwe thc sumo
hinds ure planted l'or v. ,n- in codon it
is thought Upi only without deteriora
tion, but with actual improvement. Tho
ratio which thu nriiut <>f cotton bears to
that of picut ami coin all? ci-. I he ?nyoes
sion of wops more than anything clue.
XoverthelcKs, there is but pne opinion io
to tho beneficial olfi?<?oB tjRtiOn in
croi?s as a cheap nu fins rff preserving" fha
thriftiness of tho ?oil. Hie succession ol
op?, cotton, c jiu alfil sfiiall grain.
In tho produce of his Melds, the larni
croells, in reality, his land. Ho salis ba
l?e crops, osftsin olomontsbf thu AWMMT
phere tJia^ ars^eo^sWoiUy l^ ?ig icolaocd
Irp4i (Uiat inl?ftUNt|b)n htoni and^rhjhi
constituenU of thc soil th.d arc his prop
. fis da^iriNe
^wr'tvinditiourt m their re
A Wfi?^Wo?f?tini?g, lmsoil
lUoipluB, jiMily dosorv* bi
yj?ea lp) a system of spoliaiion.
.< n\{ tho ct?nstituents of thc H?rt, c??r
<ie<l off from tit* flsld in the produce
old from year a/tor year, or rotation
nffcr rotation, boen completely restored
to tho lund, it would have preserved its
fertility to the fullest extent. While one
eroi? m?V prepare tho soil for the growth
of another, and while during tho growth
of one crop certain elementa which
another would require are developed In
natural agencies neting within the soil,
the effect of all cropping, that is, the
removal of vegetation from tho land on
which it grows, is to lessen tho supply of
mineral ingredients in tho soil, and tho
longer wo*may DU enabled to carry on
s;u !i a process the more completely will
be the exhaustion of tho land.
Tu rviJE KOCK, S. C.. May 18, 18K<5.
?dr. W'ilht rforCO Daniel, Augusta, (?a.:
Dear Bil' -Your favor of 10th to hand,
forwarded from Marion. I fear Colonel
Hansom overestimated my Ability to
iorvo you. On a farm ol sixty acres,
divided into three Heids, I have, for
rh veil years, pursued a three-field rota
tion? small grain < oats and wheat), cot
ton nod corn, with an effort to improve
Ibo foil and obtain paying results by Ap
plication of commercial manures, added
to what could be utilized on the farm.
I timi I can in this way realize a modest
support for my family from tho little
1 try to grow ail the peas possible with
ibo cori), to have the laud in the best
possible condition for small grain. Then
when tho small grain is harvested plant
in peas. If I succeed in getting a heavy
growth of pen vines they will furnish
iuflicicnl nitrogen for the succeeding
?otton t roi). 1 have used liberally such
..oiiimeiciul manure as I supposed best
ulaptod to the crops and the soil. I
liuve about seven aeres of land on which
T grow annually two crops-cotton and
rye for winter and spring grazing w hich
llOS paid me well thus far. Plant the
iotton about the first of May. Sow rye
between tho rows carly in October. Har
row or plow in, the best I can, so ivs not
seriously to injure tho cotton.
f am learning what 1 can of tho grasses
looking to a greater diversification in
'anning and a larger rotation of crops.
1 look upon the above as better than
di cotton, both for soil improvement
md profits in farming, but a very im
lorfcot system. I have been following
t because I did not know how to do bet
er. Truly your obedient servant,
I should be glad if 1 could add to the
romploteness ol'tliis esmy by specifying (
0 my associates in this club certain
'otations as being the. best to adopt un- j
1er certain circumstances, and 1 have ;
ried hard in examination of the rotations \
ollowed in dill* rent parts of the country \
of practical plant?is to-this. But tho j
ramil of my investigations has been sim- ?
>ly to convince ino that there are so
nany circumstances of Boil, climate, |
oeality, market, home supply and need ,
if selling crop in order to get money for
special uses and after all BO much to be ,
eft to the laney or whim of the farmer, ,
lint it is not safe to state only genera) i
principles which hear eanally on all ,
mses, and in view of which each eulti- ?
altor should select for himself after due ?
.onsidcration, the system of cultivation ,
hal it will bc best for him lo adhere to. ]
l iir l?n|tc'N Holden HOHO. I
.Tho receipt by tho Queen Regent of
Spain of tho golden rose has lcd some ]
m?ous writer to put togothorthe follow
ng particulars concerning the flower:
i'ho first of these roses wore simple llovv
.r.s of red enamel, representing the ]
mt ural color of tho rose. Later tho
udor of the rose was loft white, and a
arge ruby was put into the centre, the i
.ellection from which gave tho petals a ;
/int. Innocent Xl. had a golden rose
nade which weighed over eight pounds, :
vas ornamented with several sapphires, i
ind represented ?ii value of over 10,01)01'. i
V 10Hiia?li?r VIL ordered one rose at i
>,000f. and hndlher at SjOOOI. Lately i
ho golden rose has been worth over i
lo,noni., [mil has taken tho form of a i
tiranoh with several flowers, a natural I
'oso, which has been blessed by the
Popo, forming the centre. Of this kind :
s tho rose which tho Queen Regent of i
Spain han just received. It is planted in
1 magnificent silver gilded vase, which
? a splendid example of Hornau work
manship. The rose iksolf is said to La n
eymhul of the Creator; the splendor and
itchm-fts of the metal representa the
denial light w hich surrounds the Divine,
md tho perfumes and spices, which are
placed in the vase by the Po ?HI, symbol
ize tin; glory and resurrection of Christ.
Plie bonedlotioh of the rose is a solemn
vivmony. The Holy Father, in his
acred robe.., reads the fomula ol' tho
honediction frojn a book which is held
ny a llishop. Two other Bishops hold
ing lighted candles stand by Iiis side.
1'he high dignitaries ol tho Papal Court
?irround tlie l'outifl', holdiug thu in?
.elise, the holy water, tho spices, and
>ther perfumes. Another dignitary
ttnccling presents th? rose to the l'ope,
ivho reads tho prayers, blesses tho m
teriso, the spices und tim perfumes, whieh
H. in turn presented to him by a Cardi
nal. After putting them into tho vase
which hold* the roso the golden rose is
Messed and tho ceremony ends.-Poll
Mall Uozette.
Hayn Of lil nr.' Ill I. ni 1,011(1?.
(neat Britain, Ireland, Bergamo mid
Vienna. 8, days.
Frankfort* out of fair Hmo, I days.
f?ripm<V Nnumberg and Augsburg, fi
days; Ven i 00. Amsterdam, llotterdam,
Middleburg, Antwerp, Cologne, Breslau,
Xiiieinhurg and Portugal, 0 daVs.
Dantzie, Koningsburg and trance, 10
Hamburg and Stockholm, 12 days.
NHJ'II BJ 8day?; Spain, ll days; Rome,
lo days; ( Juno?, HO days.
I leghorn, Milan, and somo other places
in Italy, rn? faged number of day*.
Sunday* and holidays aro included in
tho respite days ot London, Napfes,
.Vniab-rdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp, /Mid
dleburg, Dantzie, Koningsburg and
nanee,; but not at Vonico, Cologne,
rvaltw and Nuremberg. At Hamburg
the day on which the bill or not? falls
due makes <>ne of the days of grace, but
it i,* not so 'elsowbero.
Tlirce days' grace are allowed in North
America, at berlin, ami in Scotland.
At Rio do Janoiro, Rahia, and other
parts of Jlra?il, 15 days.
In tho United States tho three of grace
are reckoned, exclusive of tho day on
which the note or bill falls due, ana in
clusivo of th? last day ol graco.~Dry
Good? Chronicle.
MARHI?UK <M-' V I'ltlKvr,
Yquiig Pallier Hheriii8M| of Urooltlyiii UrcnKs
MU \ own oT (Yliiiui-y.
(IVoni thu Now Yutk Star )
Tito announcement modo a fow days
ugo that tho Kev. William .). Sherman,
thc assistant priest Of thc Church of tho
Visitation, in South Brooklyn, had brok
en his priestly vows hy marrying Miss
Tillie McCoy, isbeliovcdto bo true by
the frion .ls of both parties. Although
said to be married on Julio 14, no one,
.suspected it until tin ce weeks ago. The
matter became a rumor about two weeks
Father Sherman is the son of Michael
Sherman, a wealthy contractor living at
No, lti.") Warren street, South Brooklyn.
Ile courted Tillie McCoy a lew years
ago, but when sim refused to marry him
he consented to the, wishes of his parents
and became a priest. After ordination
bc resumed his visits to the McCoy fami
ly, and finally induced Miss Tillie to
marry him. The ceremony was per
formed by Kev. Franois .1. Schneider, of
No. Ul Second avenue, New York, who
was roused ont of bed to do tin; oillco.
Tko groom said he was 27 years old and
the bride 26. It is asserted that even
after the marriage Father Sherman per
formed his priestly duties, ami vehem
ently denied to his mother and father
that he was married.
Kev. Father Lane ol' the Church of
the Visitation said that he heard il in
timated that Father Slnninan had been
married. "Mut as it was only a rumor,"
he said, "T paid no attention to it.
Father Sherman has been away on a
vacation for more than three weeks, and,
of course, before taking any action in
the matter I want to wait a reasonable
length of time to set; if he intends to re
turn. He should have been back several
days ago. ll'ho does como back I will
not permit him to officiate until he ch ars
his skirts of these charges. I understand
that he denies that ho is married. lt
looks very strange, if ho is innocent, that,
he does hot return or explain the cause
of his absence."
At the Episcopal residence the Bishop'.]
secretary said thal prompt steps would
Oe taken to ascertain wh ?thor Father
Sherman wait married or not. As he ?lid
not make any attempt to offloiato, no
Action hod yet been talion. Besides, no
pharges had yet been made. Now, thill
Hie matter was the subject of public dis*
suasion, prompt action would bo taken.
If Father Sherman could not satisfactor
ily prove that he had not been married
lie would ho excommunicated. Of course
the marriage could not be sanctioned by
the church, so, if he and Miss McCoy had
been married they could never again bei
identified w ith the church.
Father Sherman's parents and his sis
ter aro heart broken. They refused to
wo any one except near relatives.
Michael Sherman, the priest's father is
,d>out 50 years of age, and a wealthy
.outractor. A reporter who called at
Lhe residence found the whole family in
tears. Win n asked ii the story was true,
ho said he feared it was. "li it is," he
said, between sobs, "thc boy is dead to
me. I never want to set: or hear of
"Do you know where bc is?"
"I have not the least idea. The farth
er away the better, if this story is tri
tt hus broken our hearts."
Upon the front ?d' the comfortable
looking house at No. 1'2 Douglass streit
which has been for years the. home of
Miss Tillie McCoy, was a bill announc
ing tho houso to lot. Things inside the
house wi ie in confusion. Carpets were!
up and the furniture was being prepared
[or removal. The aged mother and otb- j
cr members of the family were in the
same heart-broken condition as the fami
ly of Father Sherman. Edward McCoy,
brother of the alleged bride, is the bead
of tho house, flo is a line looking, in-1
telligont young man of 25 years. When
isked about the statement ?d' his sister's j
marriage, be said linn ly: "We have
nothing to say about the matter." When
informed in what fromo ot mimi thc j
.merman family were, he said;
"I should think tin y would be to haw
iiicli a son. Tiley spent no end of money
upon him."
"Will you not either deny or ailinn
Lhe statement? '
"lt would not have been made public
.lily for the betrayal of a friend. Ile
ivas hard up,for money and sold the in
formation. 1 know who he is, and it
won't bo good ?r him when 1 lay my
hands on lum."
"Do you know where your sister or
Father Sherman is?"
"The latter 1 don't want to know any
thing about. I hope 1 will never see or
hear ol' them."
"Don't you know that they are living
some where on Atlantic avenueV"
"To be candid, I do know. They an
not?t the place you name. Under no
cireumstances will I say w here Father
Sherman i.s. However, it will be impos
sible for you or any ono else to lind
lt was sind by the neighbors that
owing to this affair tho McCoy family
intended to leave Brooklyn. It ia also
believed that Father She) niau has gone
or going Wost. _
ll?? K,lilli Mifteked Them.
"Yes," said thc parson at the tea table.
.'young1 .Tonkin Wita out driving with
Miss Popinjay the other evening, and
tho horse ran away. They were both
throw n out and the buggy smashed to
pieces. It was a Providential escape for
lioth of them; bul I cannot understand
how the young man came to lose control
of hi* hors?."
"He must have been driving with ono
hand," flippantly suggested the minis
ter's son, a wild niko ol a l>oy.
"Or, perhaps, be hud the reins around
hisneek," said Edith, a shy young beau
ty of sixteen, with n charmingly modest
mein. And then everybody exclaimed
in chorus:
..Why, Edith !"-Cambridge Chrom
How lo .Mnnngr * Woienn.
A Forman poet gives thc fojlrrwing in
structions upon this important subject:
"When thou art married sock to please
thy wife, but listen not to all she, says.
From man's right sido n rib was taken to
form the woman, and novor was then
seen a rib quite straight, and would'st
thou straighten it? It breaks', but bends
.mt. Since thou 'tis plain that orooked
is woman's temper. Forgive her fault?
and blame ber not, nor lot her unger
thee, nor coorcion usc, as all is vain to
straighten wliat is ourved,"
lliey Art- rolled io ..spot" UK- UreakorH <>i itu
Prohibition Lo?.
(From tho New York World.)
Wald?; ami Th?odore Barnett, two
cflbminnto looking striplings, beliovo that
they have experienced a divino rall to
redeem Rhode Island from tho ruin that
threatens in consequence (>f tho defec
tive'construction of tho m w prohibitory
btw? Tho not, which was fmined by
Prohibitionists unlearned in the law, was
made to road that no intoxicants shall ho
modo or sold "os a beverage,'' thus lim
iting tho illegal purposes and leaving tho
manufacture or salo opon for all other
purposes. Tho result of this has boen
to convert tin1 State into a vast entomo
logical museum. Nearly every third
poison has taken au interest in Ike
alcoholic preservation of bugs, catapil
lars and insects of every description,
ami, therefore, the consumption of
spirits lias abated little since Hie roigU of
temperance bogan. Defiance of the law
was observed in all quarters, especially
in tho country, hut no warrants were
issued, tho authorities knowing that if
would he useless to act, with the old gang
of spotters, whose rascally connivance
with venal magistrates was recently ex
posed by a legislative committee. Tho
frauds of these spotters were so glaring
that no jury would convict on their tes
timony, and to the dismay of the Prohi
bition party their amendment to the con
stitution seemed a thad failure, while
these beardless boys presented them
selves and made known their alleged
The Joon-of-Arc call carno to thom
simultaneously while they were boiling
a dead horse, and they there and then
resolved to devote themselves to the sor
vicc of tho State as detectives. Tho
father of tho Barnes boys has carried on
the profession of horse knacker for many
years, ami his sons have grow n un to be
experts in thc art of extracting tho fats
from the carcasses secured by tho old
gentleman. The authorities were at
first inclined to treal tho young men as
maniac., but the earnestness, honesty
and candor of the lads pleaded for them
and they were allowed to try their
amateur detective hands on tho violators
of the li?|iior law. Elated Over their ap
pointment, Waldo and Theodore re
turned home and hogan to lay in an out
fit for their iirftt crusade. In the light
of their knowledge of detective work,
derived almost wholly from hooks of the
?pnathan Wild type, tho lads believed
thoy could only accomplish their pur
pose with the aid of disguises. From
tho relies of a long ago Stranded dra
matic company they procured wigs,
moustaches, pirates beards, corsair
I shirts and other suitable costumes,
i Packing up these with a n ap of tho
? State and a copy of the prohibition law,
thc hov.-, -tarli d out oil their expedition, j
A pair of horse pistols completed their
outfit. From tho outset tho} met with '
si?;nal success, obtaining sales at scores
of places and collecting evidence of tho
most incontrovertible character. They
could have obtained all they wanted by
a wink of tho eye, but tho striplings
w ero impressed with the idea that they
must he disguised and that their throats
would he cut if their disguises should bo
pellet lilted. Thus, instead of walking
' up and getting their drinks in a natural
, way, they appeared as aged travelers,
castaway sailors, oto?, bent with years,
trembling in gait and with hanging
I lu this way the inspired youths sue
i eeeded in bagging fifty low breakers,
and with ono exception all liavo boen
I convicted or adjudged guilty and re
manded for trial in the higher courts.
Tho boy detectives make good witnesses,
and cannot l>e beaton down by the cross
examination. They are honest and con
scientious in their alleged mi si?n, and
have such phenoininal memories that
j they never make any memoranda, nor
can they bo tripped in court upon a dato 1
I or day. In a lone, country inn "whore
I they went disguised in costumes that '
1 had been used in Ingomar, the landlord I
: was so seared at tUo sight of tho tierce I'
I looking visitors that ho lied, leaving all !
I his illicit stock to thom. Disguised os
chun diggers thoy visited another place,
and after making a side they came into
town and were photographed. They
show the portrait and relate tho adven
tures with great relish. A few evening;
ago they inmgined that a committee of
dopende soloonists wore charged with
tho duty of dirking them, and they Boni
out an alarm to the tho p?lice, but it
was nothing but their highly dramatic
imagination. Once within tho walls of
their isolated dwelling, where tho dead
horso cauldron is run, and they are safe
from tho most daring assassin. The
aroma of tho sweltering carcasses makes
tho place impregnable The chief of
police has now a lingo stack of warrants
ready for service, and ut i a given
night officers will sally forth and execute
thom simultaneously, lt will be another
slaughter of tho innocents.
IMtflbti I-"" |n Praiteo,
Tho 0000 of Meyer, editor of the
flaulois, who wounded in a duel M.
Dromont, the author of a book called
'. 'La Franco Juive," in which M. Moyer
was violently attacked, has just come bc
foro tno Corrootional Tinbunal. it will
be remembered that M. Meyer twice
caught hold of his adversary's sword,
thus placing the latter at a considerable
disadvantage, in faet, virtually disarm
ing him, and the second time ho did so
ran his sword throu<dt M, liniment's
thigh, cutting a vein. The point at
issue is whether the accused party acU'd
thus willfully or involuntarily from un
mst met of self-preservation. Ono of M.
Dnuiiont's second- wai M. Alphonse
Daudci, who appeared a-sii witness. He
exonerated M. Moyer from the chingo of
having with premeditation seized his
adversary's sword, but declared who! lie
di<i toohuically Constituted foul play,
and, even though unintentional, was a
highly reprehensible action, because o
should liavo retained self-ni 'steiy. 1 ne
court deferred judgment. Paris Pis
potoh to London News.
hmm.!- Helter,
"Well, John," said thc Judge to a pig
toiled Oelestial, "what can I do for you?"
"Want, to goteo nomo changed.V
"What's your munn now?"
' 'Sing Sing, No goodoe. Two muckee
A Mi lman. Uctoo changed to Walble
??To WarbleI Twice?"
' ?Ties, Alloc sscioo Bing Sing."
?mi ?iinnmiBiwniiw II mmairr - - ??.
Tim IIi it vi. HOI rn.
Improved Condition L'ouiHsqnent I (>ou iii?
I.ale \\ ni.
(Conwpoudonco of Ino Sacnuntnto U*c?r?I-Uulor.)
I watched tho ohaugo through tho (- r
riblo time of Itcconstruotiou and carpet
bag rule, or misrule. Nono of tho
changes that liavo ?ince taken piuco com.*,
menced until about 1878 80. since that
tima business has improved in ?ill it?
brauohes; immigruuts Lavo bec i wol
coincd, nnd in ?i number of cities N'orth
orn men ami capital have been invited.
Tho oki burnett distrusts in thc South
ern oitics and towns liavo been rebuilt,
railroads improved, water power Bites
utilised, and many changes made that to
thoso who have only just witnessed tl? so
ohanges (returning there sinco tho wary
seem little short of miraculous.
This chango is uni conilued l?? the city
alone. The country and its people liavo
also tVH tin result ol that great stru) li.
oven to a greater extent dian iii?- city
people. L ramo houses now occupy tko
placo of tho ??lil nolu houses, A now
pule house in tho south in most sections
would scorn like a relapse to an ugo k>ng
punt. Lamps liavo taken the place of
pine splinters, used for light so long.
City-made chairs, tables, bedsteads, otc.,
lill tho place ol' tin- old liomo-niado "Ix -
foro-tho-war huok." Ional maga/.iuos
and agricultural papers can he soon in
thoir homos, and children now road and
intelligently discuss tho news ot the day
tor and to parents who never enjoyed
tho privilege of reading for themselves.
There is also a moro general desire to
diversify tho crops and to plant gardens
and fruit,trees. The churches (JJapti I
or Methodist) aro of frame, and ohairs
. r easy-backed wooden benches now
take the piuco once occupied by a couple
of she "t blocks with a pole <>n top to sit
upon. It seems that t<> get religion in
ono of those old backwoods churches
should outitlo one to rank as a saint in
the calondur ol' the churches, 1 o s-.t for
hours on such seats, tu kneel un the un
even floor, ami, win n the religion Mas a
certainty, to he. taken out in tie- woods
and baptized ina pond almost alive with
young alligators and water moccasins,
was pressing oudtirancc io the very fur th
or edge. Some ot' these new churches
aro painted, and I say this, \vilh all cau
tion, that I have heard of ono "U l$ig
Hell Hui.? Swani]? that has an organ.
True, m? une there eau play it. but it
got there all the same.
.Less thau three, years ugo, ..hilo in
conversation with a m.m ut' tins class, an
old overseer and i\ very hard-working
man, Isak! to him: "A!:. S., what did
you fight for, any way V" lie hesitated
?i moment, then looked round at Iiis gar
don und his house, ami his girls on tho
porch, rending and sowing, and, doubt
less, comparing their lot with his und
their mother's when young, he rt plied:
.'1 ?lid nut know at the time, hut I have
often th.'light,'- and touching ids- new
house with his hand und nodding, lie
concluded, "it must have been for tin-,
after all." Within ten yards from when
we were standing was his old hollie, a
pole house, with an earthen [loor, eua
raining one room, in size abo it 1" b\ 12
feet, and in which he and his wife ami
live girls h.ul lived until alter the war.
The comparison botwet u thu cid shanty
and the new house ul live room -, a nie?
garden, and i verv thing lovely and
smiling, struck even him, and spoke
volumes of the old past, thal happily foi
tito white, UH well as tho black in;.,
could never return again.
Lund that could ho purchased I" '
years ago for fifty cents au acre, to lu
paid for nt almost any tillie, is now lian
to get for or S(l per acre cash, for tin
lumber alone upon it is worth that much
Upon a recent visit I v .ts shocked t>
find a saw-mill in full blast? run hy ai
ox-Confcdoruto Major and u Yank, upoi
thc site of many a nappy day's dcor am
turkey hunt that 1 have enjoyed.
large number t?l tho people know of am
Appreciate thoso changes in their condi
tmn, and vory often acknowledge th
obligation tliey consider themselves un
der to the war for having brought tili
change about.
The lifo Slid sinew of the South do no
think of the war or its consequences an;
more, only to cherish the memory u
those they fought by tho sido of, and t
realizo that it loft them in a p ?sitio
where they had to "get up and ?hist.
How well they have done so tho in
proved condition of tho must il I i tera!
State in the Union testifies to-day. I
a largo number of tho Southern pcopl
the war was an unmixed ovil, to n groi
many it was a gn at blessing in disguise
ami a large number know ami speak t
it us such. And it'it was now left to
popular vote an overwhelming majori!
would declare against n resumption ?
the old onler of thing
To most of them Jeff. Davis is like n
old battle Hag he represents all UM
once heltl de; i ; lie i t calls old ?.amt 'S, ul
faces, hopes ami aspirations; so when I
reappears among thom tin y yell then
selves hour.se, for he brings hack to thoi
all mei ?ries they consider sucred
racmories thoy would not part with fi
the world, and, also, memories that mo
of thora would not live over again it
worlds. Matters cam.oi help be'.hg th
way. Let them huvo (hoir p?ust glorie
Lot them cheer their old teodor i, Th<
realize, even better than wc do, that tl
?H all that is left of the cause (hoy <
po used.
v\?u Dying ou lite Vortli I'nrollnn (unM.
(in nt multitudes ol lish have recent
been found dead in the waters ut ?
Bhallotto Uiver, Brunswick count
North Carolina. Thc river om pt les In
Tobit's inlet from tho ocean, about th
ty miles southwest of Wilmington. T
water is covered by an oily nenin, win
extends fur out into UlO ocean, and 1
been notice?! live miles from the bea?
This oily scum, which is supposed
have caused the mortality among I
tish, cannot bo accouuted tor, thou
some suppose that u VOSSol with tv ? ai
Of oil bini foundered in the m i Uh
hood. Thc wind Acorns to DftVfl m> efl
upon the oily water, and tho surrace
as smooth aa glass. The dead tish
ilrifting up on tho shore by thousands
barrels, und ure of kinds ever seen in
vieinity, except the whale, lt is si
posed that, tlu-ro ure DO live fish lt it
shalhdto Uiver, or within ton miles
its mouth. There is groat oxcitem
over th?' amor, though no ono has e
thought of tim probability that there
oil territory in the vieinity, and that
ankOOWn O? spring has found its wir
the surfaco of tho ground.-Bttltiru
tm<MC-a?\fr?3iriilAl IIIMWilM-?M^wwi
\\ liai sholl lie Dona with Tliote Who Can
lin Kvlhhig (
(lilla c. Lnpbnra in tho Forum.)
To tho thoughtful womal) the question
ii ci rs again ami again, What CHU bo
iii mr with tho purposeless, untrained
women willing to work tor wages but
nuable t<> spend time und money iu a
doubtful attempt to ill thomselvea fora
particular occupation? A woman's ex
chnngo is chieily a storehouse for unde
sirable articles, a fow of which arc
bo 'il in pity, lt isa device of tllOSO
who aro earnestly Hooking to help their
I'cllow-womcn and not a natural out
growtli of the law of supply und de
mand. The training school begins at
tho foundation; it lits a girl to hold her
own, asking no favors.
A woman's duty begins with the wo
man nearest to her by ties of blood and
.iill'tetioi), and stretches out to those ac
counted less fortunate than herself; but
it docs not end there. There are women
far above her in the scale of wealth,
perhaps, who need a wider outlook and
broader sympathies; who need to be
drawn Old of themselves and their ex
clu liveness; win? nen! to be interested in
'ii ?* nt, busy, struggling world outside
pf their circle, and to feel that upon
lin m rests, in part, tho responsibility of
making ii bolter and purer. In som ,
ways they aro moro restricted than tho
womau who sows for them. Tho wife of
ll teamster, if she have thc time, can
luke up tiny remunerative employment,
Mid lier friends neither question nor re
pudiate liol', The wile ol' ?i millionaire,
pi scssed of unlimited leisure, must bo
idle, l or "he also is idle who might be
better employed." If she can endure
tho? pithct of "peculiar" she may give
lier lifo to tho investigation and improve
o.nt of tenement houses or devote ber
eif to a particidar Uno of study; other?
ivi e her work for her fellow-men and
iVOUU n will bc routined to charity bulls
md fiishionnblo bazaars. To do aught
.vhioh would bring her a return in money
s not to bo thought of foran instant.
And from the wifoand daughter of thc
ailliouairo to tho girl who starves be
nn.I a counter rather than go into a
lomfoitablo kitchon, tho samo power is
il vork. Alas! how weak we. are. Wo
llen may say that all honest work is en
Lobling, and all voluntary idleness
iclittling, ami that, in comparison with
he woman who never lifts a linger to
' ?. another, nor luisa thought above
1er own adornment and her social con
[UCsts, tho Woman who does thc work of '
lei* kitchen, if she do it well, is worthy
if nil tho honor; but the conviction has
lot yet become a part ol them.
i-*\eMUM.i' ni nous.
?ni : .:?.:...< i . 11 ; i 11. |> I (? I .-U I ? > I'n'M'Irnt I'lovr
VYASIUXUTON, July 28. Humors about
Cabinet changos that begin with tho dis
lac mon I of Mr. Manning, follow with
tin withditirwal of Mr. Bayard and end
thc expulsion of Mr. Garland, wing
heir way into sight herc pu tty regular
y once il wcok, and have to 1)0 about as
? .'t n as thai circumstantially denied, in
ni lc ?. to reliovo tho public of tlio ha
in don thal tho relations of the present
'alain t family are to 1)0 changed. Tia
itorii about Mr. Manning are based
ipi a tho il sumption that Iiis health will
lot be sullicicntly restored to enable him
. itiuu his Julies in tho Treasury De
tail meut.
Tl about Mr. Bayard are in nearly
v. ry ease inspired by motives of hostili
-. un 1 have n<>t been allowed to rest for
moment ince they started, soon after
. led to make .Mr. William Henry
I url bert, tho friend of Mr. G. A. Dana,
dunster to Italy, and General Charles
tibson, tho friend <?f Mr. Pulitzer, Min
ster to Austria, The desire to get Mr.
?arland oui of tho Cabinet is most zeal
utslj oxprcHsod by persons who have
nade arguments agaiust tho prosecution
t' thc Roll telephone suit brought by
he 'ovemmont, and who are at the same
imo clamoring for thc appointment as
ii- ^accessor of ox Senator Joseph 13,
McDonald, ono of tho counsel for tho
B? ll Telephone Company. This fact
done would appear to bo an obstacle to
Mr. McDonald s prof erment fora Gabi
u:t [lositioli, even if it were not true that
II largo practice in Washington
vlneh calls him frequently to tho do
lli nt and to tho door of thc House
md tho Senate.,
Pron) a source that entitles tho asser
ions to tho full? >t belief, it is ascertained
hal there is absolutely no foundation
br any ol* the rumors about Cabinet
munges, lt is certain that Mr. Bayard
II n i thi slightest intention of with?
[rawing. Mis relations with the Presi
lonl and all tho uiombors of tho Gabinot
in- peculiarly pleasant, and tho domestic
ifllictions from which ho hos suffered
lave seemed to bind to thom with an
iffuction which has In en most marked,
bunora affecting Mr. Bayard's departure
rom the Cabinet may be set aside as eu
irely worthless and incorrect.
*rrrrlnr\ TIlOmpNOn'H ll rmi y WU.
Law Cl- rk Austett, of tho Supervising
Yrchiti ct's ofllco of the Treasury Depart?
ncnt, is authority for the following
itory: Governor Thompson, the new
Vsstsianl Secretary, who succeeded thc
Hon. William E. Smith in that position,
i is boon tormented by n large number
if ellice seekers since he assumed charge
?f the appointing power. Ho has already
learned to distinguish the professional
|.'ace-hunter. A gnat proportion of
those who como to him are, of course,
'hose who have applied lo his predeces
sor and aro. still waiting. Their un
[Uonchablo desire to serve their country
uni themselves in the Treasury Depart
ment loads them to attempt a little im
po it ion upon Governor Thompson.
Every day some one of them prefaces his
or her application with thc statement:
.loin- predecessor, Mr. Smith, promised
thal I should have a position on such
md rntoh a day," naming almost the
hour winn they were to rmoivo their
i| pointment. 1 hil little trick of theirs
was related to Mr, Smith when ho visited
the department last Week, and, calling
lip?n Governor Thompson a fow minutes
lr****", he romarkod, good-naturedly: "If
y .i believe all tho stories oft'ico-scckcra
toll you about mc, yon must l>eliovo mo
to bo the greatest economizer of truth on
? ai th." "Oh, no," replied tho (lovornor,
quickly, "I don't believe that, but T am
beginning to thfUK you the most promis
ing man in America. "-Washington
I'ostj July 20.
ii<- Calmly Cont?mplete* the Future nnJ Love*)
(Krom thc Iti< hinond Dispatch.)
Thomas J. Cluverius, who is confined!
in tlie city jail for having murdered hi?
cousin, Fannie Lillian Madison, is still
kept in solitary coulincmcnt in one of
tho upper rooms. His room is a small
ono mid overlooks tho lower portion of
tho town in tho direction of the Chesa
peake and Ohio depot. Tho furnituro
consists of u single hod, a piuo table,
with a bowl and pitcher, and a small
, piuo bench, upon which are several
potted plants-geraniums, etc. Oluvorius
118 said to bo very fond of Howers, and
I whenever ho writes to his aunt and
brother, with whom ho corresponds
regularly, speaks of his Howers. Chivo
nas enjoys good hoalth ; koopa in good
spirits, and is polite and courteous to his
keepers, who speak in commendatory
terms of him. J i is meals aro furnished
him twice a day from a restaurant.
Cluverius wears a gray suit, and is
neat mid careful of his appearance Ho
has hi? hair cut close, mid shaves regu
larly twice a week. Ho reads much
tho Bible and newspapers especially.
His aunt aud brother, w ho live at Little
Plymouth, in King and Queen county,
have not been to soo bini for several
weeks. Occasionally visitors call upon
him, hut aro not admitted without his
consent. A reporter of tho Dispatch
called nt tho prison a few davs ago, and
Oluvorius expressed his willingness to
seo him, provided that nothing about
the visit was to bo written. The forms
being so unfavorable to thc reportorial
business, they were declined with thanks.
At Staunton, September 10, or soon
thereafter, the Virginia Supremo Court
Appeals will decide whether it will givo
Cluverius a rehearing. If their decision
is adverso, as it now seems sure to bo,
Judge Atkins, of the Hustings Court,
w ill appoint tho day of execution.
Mrs. Susan Bradley fell from thc window
of her room in the second story of thc resi
dence ol Mr. F. Opdebcck on Beau fain
street, Charleston, about 12 o'clock on
Wednesday night, and died in tl few hours
from concussion of tho brain. Mrs. Brad
ley was eighty-four years old and was very
Infirm Slid it is supposed lost her balance
while looking out of tho w indow and thus
fell to the ground.
Columbia, 8. C. Laurens, S. C.
I.AIKKNS C. ll., S. C.
OFFICE--Fleming's Corner, Northwci t
side of Public Square
LAC moxs C. II., s. C.
I.AI KKNS C. n., S. O'.
Oflicc over W. H. Garrett's Stoic.
W. C. ll KN KT, F. I?. M'?OWAN,
Abbovillo. Laurens.
I.AI KKNS 0. II., S. C.
A t T t) R N E Y S A T L A W,
LAURENS C. H., S. 0.
S. J. liol.MKS. u. Y. SIMPSON.
A T T O ii N E Y S A T L A W,
C. H., S. C.
t?- Omeo over store of W. L. BOYD.
Dr. W. H. BALL,
Otlico days-Mondays and Tuesdays.
By buying your Drugs and Medicines,
Fine Colognes, Paper and Envcloj os,
Memorandum Books, Face Powders,
Tooth Powders, Hair Brushes, Shiv
tilg brushes, Whisk Brushes, Blacking
Brn8hes, Blacking, Toilet and Laun
dry Soaps, Tea, Spice, Popper, Ging cr,
Lamps and Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
mid SnittV, Diamond Dyes, and other
articles too numerous to mention, at
Aleo, Puro Wines and Liquors, tor
uv heal purposes.
No trouble to show goods.
Laurens C. IL, 8. C.
August 6, 1885. 1 ly
- AMO -
201 Vise Strest, CINCnWATfl, 0.
TU typ? UM4 on this pspsr WM oatt bf *M

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