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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, September 08, 1886, Image 1

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?Htcr Hipp
YOL. ?.
big job of Clothing
_Baltimore Fir?.
Charleston VUlled i>y n Calnmlty fnprevrtleni.
c?l In All lu History-PnrttcutoM ?if !?.<.
I) rt-ml lo I Occurrence.
The earthquake shook experienced in
different pinta of tho Ntato on tho night |
of Tuesday tho ?J 1st ult., was Mt with
dreadful offeets in thooityof Charleston.
Tho loss of property AMIS dreadful, ono
estimate putting it as high as five mil
lions of dollars-actual and incidental.
One report states that there ure only one j
hundred houses loft altogether uninjur
ed. This is perhaps au exaggeration,
but it is safe to say that tho number of
buildings injured will include the larger
portion of the structures in tho city.
Twenty buildings, in different parts of I
the city, were destroyed by fire caused |
by tho overturning of lamps. Below
will bc found nu interesting account of |
the disaster, taken from thc telegraph
reports to the daily ?.?ess:
OUABLBSTON, H. C., September L.
The compositors of the News and Couri
er decline to work to-night, expecting
fresh shocks of earthquake, and thc
paper cannot issue to-morroAV, The fel
lowing article was prepared for publica
tion in the News and Courier, ,<1 i.-,
telegraphed almost in the writ? own
words, necessarily tho only d< .kption
that can be given of the di Bast r which
has befallen our city, ft consists in the
narration of experiences and observa
tions of individuals, and tho subject be
ing tho samo and tho experiences of all
being nearly alike, tho ?tory told by one
careful observer may well stand for an
hundred others, w ith slight variations.
Probably tho best idea that can bo had
of the character of the disturbance,
ther? fore, may bc obtained from a nar
ration of the events and scenes ol Tu?
day night as they were presented to a
single person while engaged in bis usual
duties in the second story room of tin
Nows and Courier office. At tho time of
the first shock the writer's attention was
vaguely attracted by a sound which
seemed to come from the ellice below,
and which was supposed for a moment
to bo caused by the rapid rolling ?>t a
heavy body, as an iron safe or heavily
laden truck, ovci the floor. Accompa
nying the sound there was a perceptible
tremor of tlie building, not more mark
ed, however, than would bo caused by
the passage of a strei t car or dray along
the street. For perhaps two or three
seconds the occurrence excited no sur
prise or comment, 't hen, by swift do
8rees, or, perhaps, all at once, it is
ifflcult to say which, tho sound deep
ened in volume, the tremor became moie
decided, the car caught the rattle of
window sashes, pis fixtures, ami other
loose objecta. Tho men in thc office,
with perhaps a simultaneous Hash of the
recollections of tho disturbance of the
Friday before, glanced hurriedly at each
other, ami sprang to their teot with
startled questions and answers, "What
is that?" "Earthquake!" And then all
waa bewilderment and confusion.
The long roll deepened au?! spread
into n.'i awful roar, that seemed to per
vade at t/nco the troubled earth and still
air above and around. The tremor was)
now ? rude, rapid quiver, that agitated
the whole lofty i4long-walled building as
though it were la ing shaken by tho hand
<if an immeasurable power, willi tho
tent to tear its joint? asunder and scatter
it? stone and bricks abroad ns a tree
casta ita ripi ned fruit before tho breath
of the gale.
There was no intermission in thc
vibration of tho mighty subterranean
engine. From first lo lost it was u con
tinuous jtr, only adding force at ev? ry
moment; and as it approached and
reached tho climax of ita manifestation,
it soomed for a fow terrible seconds that
no work of human hands could possibly
survive. Floors woro under foot, tho
surrounding walls and partitions visibly
awi? ved to and fro, thc crash of fulling
massed of stone and brick ami mortar
was overhead und without; ii terrible
roar tilled tho cars and Boom o I to till tho
mind und heurt, dazing perception, be
wildering thought, and for a few pant
ing breaths, or while you held your
breath in dreadful anticipation of imme
diate and cruel death, you f.dt that lifo
was already past, and waited for thc end
am the victim with his hoad on tho block
awaits thc fall of the up lifted axe.
ii is not given to many n.en to look in
tho face of tho Destroyer ami yet live,
but it is little to say that the gang of I
strong men who shared the experience |
Above faintly described will curry with
them recollections of that .tupi? me mo
mont to their dying day. No one ox
iiected to escape.
A sudden rush was simultaneously
made to endeavor lo attain the open un
and fleo to a place of safety, but before
the ?loor was reached all reeled togotlior
to thc tottering ivall and stopped, feeling
that hope was vain; that it was only a
question of death in tho building or
without, to bo buried by the sinking
roof or cniahod by toppling walls.
Tho nproar slowly died away in tho
seeming distance. Tho earth was still,
and oh! the blessed relief of that Btill
nees! But how rudely the ?ilonce was
broken. As wo dashed down the stair
way and out into tho street, already, on
ov.^y ""do, aroso shrieks, cries of pain
and 'oar, prayers and waitings of tern lied
wome? ?a*1 children, commingled with
tho boar^i* ?bouta of excited men. Ont
in tho stre8fc 1,1(5 ftir WU8 (" ""'
howlit of a iK'nso with a whiteish cloud
of dry, stilling ihuit, from tho hmo and
mortar and shatteiT! VOUOUTJ, which,
falling upon tho pavement and steno
roadway, had l*on reduced to iMiwder.
Through this olond, dense fm fog, tho
ga? lights flickered dimly, shedding bat
Jittlo light, so that jon stumbled at every
step over piles of brick, or lacarno on
tangled in the linos of telegraph wires
that depended in every direction from
their brokon supporta.
On overy side wore hurrying forms of
mm .?nd women, bareheaded, partially
dressed, some almost nude, and many of
whom wero crazed willi fear or excite
ment. fUro ? woman is supported, half
fainting, in the arms of huslmnd, who
vainly toils to eootMC her, while ho car
rios her into tho onon apace nt tho street
corner, whoro present safety Booms '
insured. Thero o woman lies on the
pavement, with upturned face and out
stretched limbs, und tho crowd passes
ber by for tho time, not pausing to sec
whether she be ulive or dead.
A sudden light Hames through a win
dow overlooking the street; it)becomes
momentarily brighter! and thc cry of
lire resounds from the multitude A rush
is mudo towards the spot. A man is
seen, doubled up and helpless, against u
well; but at this moment, somewhere
out at sea, overhead, deep in the ground,
is hoard again tho low, ominous roll,
which is already ton woll known to be
mistaken, lt grows louder nod nearer,
like the growls of a wild beast swiftly
approaching Iiis prey, and all is forgot
ten again in tho frenzied rush for open
space, where alone tbcro i.s hope of
security, faint though it bo.
Tho tall buildings on either hand blot
out tho skies and stars, ami seem to >
overhang every foot of ground between
thom; the .shattered cornices and copines,
tho tops of their frowning walla, seemed
piled from both sides to tho centre of
the street, lt seems that a touch would
now send the shuttered musses left stand
ing down upon the people below, who
look up to them and shrink together us
tho tremor of the earthquake again
passed under them, and tho mysterious
reverberations swell and roll along like
some infernal drum-boat summoning
them to die. And it pussod away, and
again is experienced the blessed feeling
of delivoranco from tho imponding
calamity, which, itniuy well be believed,
evokes a mute but earnest ottering of
mingled prayer and thanksgiving from
every heart in the throng.
Again, far along the street, and up
from alleys that lead into it from either
side, is heard that chorus of wailing and
lamentation, which, though it had not
closed, was scarcely noticed a moment
before. lt is a dreadful Bound-tho
sound of helpless, horror-stricken human
ity, old und young, strong and feeble
alike, when all are SO feeble, calling for
help from their fellow creatures and
raising their anguished voices in petition
tn Heaven for mercy, where no human
aid could avail.
lt is not u scene to bo described by
any mortui tongue or pen. It is not a
scene to be forgotten when it has been
witnessed, and when tho witness has
shared all its danger und felt all its
The first shock occurred at seven
minutes of 10, as was indicated this
morning by the public clock's hands, all
nf which had stopped at that fateful
hour, as though to make an end of thu
time for so many who heard the 'preced
ing hour pealed forth by St. Michael's
chimes without thought but of lo ig und
happy lifo.
The second shock, which was but a
faint and crisp echo of the first, was felt
eight minutes later, As it passed away
tho writer started homeward, to fud tho
seem s enacted on Broad street around
tho News and Courier office repented ut
OVOry step of tho way. St. Michael's
steeple towered high und white above
the gloom, teemingly uninjured. The
station bouse, a massive brick building
aemss tho street, hud npparently lost its
roof, which bad f?llen around it. A
little further on, tho roof of the portico
of Hibernian Hull, a handsome building
in the Grecian style, had crashed to the
ground, carrying down part of tho mas
sive granite pillars with it. All the way
up Mooting street, (which, in respect of
its genernl direction und importance,
may be culled the Broadway of Churles
from top? of walis.
in passing tho Charleston Hotel,
which, to carry out the comparison above
indicated, occupies ti.e position of
Stewart's up town store in New York,
tho third shock was felt, about ten
minutes after tho second, and of course
caused tho greatest alarm in that neigh
borhood, OS elsewhere.
At Minion Square, corresponding ex
actly with Union Square, New York, a
great crowd hud collected, ns even tho
edges of tho w ide spaces embraced in it
cnn ld not bo reached by the nearest
building in tho ovont of their full. From
this crowd, composed of men, women
and children of both ruees, uroso inces
sant culls and cries and lamentations,
while over the motley, half*drossed
throng was shod tho lurid light of a con
flagration which lind brokon nut just be
yond the squaro immediately after the
first shook, and hod now wholly envel
oped several buildings in flames.
In three quarters of tho town at the
same time similar large fires were ob
served under full headway; and thc
awful significance of the earthquake may
be most fully appreciated, perhaps, when
it is said thut, with these, trusnendous
fires blazing up nil ut once around them
und threatening the city with total de
struction, the people whom you met on
tho streets or saw gathered together in
groups in Opon places evidently did not
give them a thought. No one watched
the ruddy flame or pillar of cloud rising
high into thc still night air. All were
tod intent on listening with strained
sen sil foi* thc dreaded recur renee of that
liorriblo growl or groan of the power un
der thc goos and tuidor thu land to giyo
thought to tho wow terror, though it had
threatened his ow* homo and many
homes in the doomed c(iy.
Crowds poured in from oveqr direction
to tho squuro just described, os though
it hod boen? indeed, a charmed circle,
and lifo depended on passing within its
grassy bounds. Street oars, carriages
and other vehicle? wero ranged Ju lipes
on tho stroots surronudinfj tho square,
while horses stood stoek still with turned
heads, as though sniffing tho ground in
anxious inquiry.
Tho colored jHioplo everywhere were
loud and incessant in their declamations
of alarm, in tho singing of hymns and
in fervent appeals /or God's rooroy, in
which appeals, Ood knows, many a
proud heart who board them arising m j
the night and in the hour of His won- j
i i mus might, devoutly and humbly and
siuooroly joined. Danger brings all of
as to the lovel of tho lowliest. Thoro
wors Up distinctions of placo, or
power, or pride, or costo in tuc assem
blage* thai wore gathnro . togothor in
( 'hurloston on Tuesday night. It was a
curious spec toole to look lwiok upon. It
is a good on? t? remombor, for white
and black aliko. TW/> wero instance*
of unselfish dovotion, of kind m..! Joving
regard between master and sorvant,
mbitressand maid, h> tho presence of
common ill and vt tiW threatened
ruin, 111 nt showed, as nothing elsi! could
I show, J>ow strong is tho tie that hinds
our white people and our hhiek people
( OgotllOt; and this lesson of the dread
vi Siltation we may hope, too, will never
bo forgotten.
A rrived at bin home, the writer found
the t 'line scenes of destruction and wreck
which marked nearly every other home
in the city. All tho houses in the ne-igh
borhoo '1 had sulVercd BOriously, and
street.-?, Yllrdfl and gordons were lilied
with fallen? chimneys and fragments of
walls, whh'o the walls that were left
standing w WO rent asunder, in many
cases, from top to bottom, ami were
badly shatter.WI in every instance.
Women am.1 children, roused from
their aleep or i itorniptod in their eve
ning pursuits by the sound of ruin being
effected abovo and around them, rushed
out into the stree, s and huddled together
awaiting' tho end, \"hatovor it might be.
Invalids were brought out on mattresses
and deposited on the roadway. No
thought was given to Hu- treasures h it
bobina" in Hie effort to save the peculiar
treasure of lifo it si !f, suddenly become
so precious in tho eyes of all, thc invalid
woroon and robust man alike,
Until long after midnight the streets
wen- libed with fugitives in sight of their
homes. Through the long hours that
followed few were tho eyes, even of
childhood, that were closed in sleep.
Charleston was full of those who
watched for morning, and never, in any
city, in any land, did the first gray
shades that mark the approach of day
ap pear so beautiful and SO welcome! to
the eye as they appeared to the thou
sands of people wno hailed thom this
morning from the midst of tho countless
wrecked homes in our thrico-SCOUrgcd
and still patient, still brave, still hopoful
ami still beautiful City by the Sea.
C'nAltliBSTON, S. C., .September 2.
Tho people are gradually taking account
of tho details of tho injury worked by
tin- earthquake, and the list of damages
to property is startling. A limited sec
tion in the south of the city is ti sample
of tho whole.
Standing at tho postofHoo, ami looking
Wont, an almost impassable roadway of
debris meets the eye. Most of the build
ings on the street are more or less dam
aged, but the violence of tho earthquake
is most perceptible at tho historic inter
section of Brood and Meeting stree I.s.
Tin: police station is almost a complete
wreck. The upper edge of the- wall has
been torn down ami that of tho north
wall has fallen on the- roof of tho porch,
carrying it away and h aving only tin
large! tinted pillara standing.
Tin- City Hall apparently escaped seu-i
ems dumagO, but is bailly crackeel em the
east wall.
The ('oort House building is badly
damaged, the.- wain be ing cracked in
Bovoral places and port ions ed' tho roof
and gables being thrown down.
Tho Fire Proof building sectus to
stunt! as a rock. The! gable s e>f the
north ami south porches, however, made
ed sediel brow l?stenle-, have he-ell tlirOWll
bi tho pave ment be low. I bis appears to
be- the only iliuutigo elono to tho builel
The worst wrcok in the locality, how
ever, is St. Michael's Church* which
scorns to bo doomed to destruction. Thc
ste e ple-, tho repairs on which hail just
been comploted, scorns tei bo intact, bul
it is nearly emt of plumb and is in mo
llie utary danger of falling. Thfl massive
porch has been wrecked from tho body
td tht! church anil the building has bi-en
crocked in four places. Ono crack in thc
north wall extends from the eaves to thc
lower windows; two on tho we st foco of
tho church OXteud tho e ntire height of
the! building, and om- on the- south wall
alse> oxtends from the oavos down almost
to the foundation. The-se- cracks aro all
immediately under tho steeple, which it
seems almost impossible- will shuni foi
any length of time. Tin; hands on the
top of the clock pointed to live minuted
of 10 o'clock, which must buvo boon the
hour of the! first shock em Tuesday night.
What a SCOnO of tit-sedation the; fash
ionable boulevard of ( iharloston pre souls
Commencing at Broad street, ono passen
through ii block e>f burned houses, iiu
fire-, starting at No. UH, the- third build
ing from the corner of Broad streot, en
tho oast side, consumed tho entire row
of buildings us fur north ns Tully's oh
stand, next to the '?uukcr graveyard
The few houses left on that side of the
street aro moro or less shattered am
The few house-son the west sidoof the
stree t north of Hrexid street have m>
OSCoped the general fate, although Hu
damage is not as great as in other por
tiona of tho street. Tho immense vacan
lot on the west sido of the street is oeeu
pied by families who lived in tho burnei
houses, anti who are camped out on Un
sward with tho few household effect
saved from the flames.
There is a rather more cheerful feelini
to-night, but no senso of security wil
repair the shuttered houses and renei
tho mined homes. Oilers of assistant"
are coming from different quarters, am
it is expected that the City Council wil
organize a relief Committee to-morrow
Xlespite tho loss by tho earthquake
Charleston is in as good position ns eve
for tho trunsuotiou of the usual outturn
trude. There is ample warehouse um
wharf room, tho compresses aro in trir
and merchants und factors are ready t
deal exiie-ditiously with all business thu
otters. This statement is made to corree:
on existing erron?e HIM impression tim
tho commercial facilities of tho port ar
Tjast night tho old scones of fright an
fear woio enacted in the publie se pin re
and parks. Fmil women, some ed thoi
almost deael ami infant.; in arms, wer
elrivon to tho necessity of spending th
night oj) tho simare with only such coi
i-i mg as could i,e improvised by tho us
of blankets, shawls and sheetu, In man
of tho sepiores. notably at ",Vashingto
I 'a rle, tho frigid and annoyance to thei
people wera l^reMerj by tho excrucia
ing re-1 ?gienm performances of the colore
people who orowdod tho parks, 1
Wnsldngton Park theso were lod by tw
negro men with stentorious voicos, wh
shouted and yoliod and shrieked um
long after 1 o'clock in tho murnini
T'hey wore asked to eh sud, ?r Ot least I
conduct their M I vice s in ? a h an bedsit
ona manner, hut refused to do H.
liomonstroifces oh tho part of some gm
iii men proel i ie?-d very msdloht replies e
thc port of 0 number of negro rong)
? ho shored In tho conduct of tho mee
i'ngi and who loudly and boisterous!
protested that they would moko os muc
noise as they pleased, and that no inter
ruption would bo allowed.
Tho night wore on slowly and painful
ly. At 11.60 p. m. u heavy earthquake
passed through the city. Its coming
was presaged by quite a number of ex
plosions, dim and disbud, which com
menced to be heard fully five minutes
before the vibration was telt. Tho wave
was somewhat more pronounced than
the two which had preceded-ono at 8.20
a. m. and tho other ut .0.15 p. m.-und
us it passed by to the northwest there
followed sounds which indicated falling
walls or buildings. This was tho lust
vibration lust night.
Soon niter it hud passed a man ap
peared und advised tho people to go to
their houses, stating that he was tho only
scientific mun in the city and that he
was authority for the statement that there
would be no more shooks. This advice
was unheeded, very few people, leaving
the ground.
At daybreak there was a movement,
and us the sun rose and as there had
been no additional vibrations, many ol
the people pulled lip their teids and de
parted to their shattered homes, ill tia
earnest hopo that they had participated
in their last picnic ill the park.
During tho progress of the lire in
King' near Broad street, on Wednesday
morning, a woman who occupied thc
second lloor of one of the burning build
ings, tied her infant child in a feuthei
bed and threw it from u window to thc
ground. The child was unhurt.
No damage of consequence is report?e
OU tho BOO islands.
The following is the official list ol
those who were killed by the earthquake
or have since died from their injuries:
Wiirra.- -Peter Powers, Mrs. O. B
Barker, Ainsley ll. Hobson, Hobt. Alex
ander, Ohas. Albrecht, 13, P, Mcynardie
Patrick Lynch, Annie Torek, Mrs
Mnchaol Aurons and (oddie Ahrons, i
child of Mrs. Barnwell.
Conoitim.-Thos. Wilson, Win. Denk
Anna Glover, Z. Sawyer, Wm. (?rant
Alex Miller, Jos. Itodoff, 1 faunal
Smalls, Marie Barnwell, Maria Barnwell
Jos. Brown, Angelic Davids, EugOllil
Huberts, Robert Hcdoff, Omeo Fleming
Llosa Murray, oliver McKolboy, Join
Cook, Clarissa Simmonds, Hannah Har
ris, Sarah Middleton, Bebeeca Ward
John Cook, Sera 13, Sawyer, u colore?
Mrs. David of (>H Nassau street died i
three-quarters of an hour from nervou
A special report from Moimi Piensan
..-ays that u sink near tho German Clime
which on Tuesday was perfectly dr
sand, is now full of fresh water. Ned
Shell street then? is a cabin occupied b
a colored man that is surrounded b
yawning chasms, extending through th
earth's : urface for ten feet and over. A
around this there are sinks of fros
water and masses ot mud with queel
looking soft substances that have neve
been seen before. lt is contended b
ninny that the mud and other substance
found around tho village aro volcan
matti r.
.Inst after the first great shock <
Tuesday night there was a decided ali
distinct smell of escaping sulphuric ac:
gas over tho entire village. Tho sine
lasted throughout the night.
Not far from Charleston, on the roi
to Summerville, extensive mounds i
clay were thrown up, and hillocks i
sand, in most eases in the shape (d' i
verted cones, thc hollow part of whi<
had evidently been formed by the acth
of water returning into the depths fro
which it had been raised.
The i vidonci s of a great COllVulsh
are not sporadic. They extend far ai
ncr, in every direction, from tin- ci
limits of Charleston to Summerville, ai
at the latter placo it was found fro
trustworthy information that cracks ai
fissures ure everywhere visible for mil
and miles around. Strangely 011OU(
some of these wc re in active opcrutio
.md the constant shocks that were fe
at Summerville sent the wate r out
these tissures in jeds lo a height eif fro
fifte en to twenty fee t.
Tho horror ol the- situation in Sui
morville on Wedne sday was much ?ute:
siflcd by certain manifestations that wc
not observed in Charleston to any gre
extent. All during tin- day there, was
constant series of detonations, now e a
now west, anil from all possible elire
tiem.s. It resembled the disohargo
heavy guns at intervals of about t
minutes, and was like* the soumis of
bombardment nt a gn at distance ?
of tho explosions wero not accompani
by tremors of the e arth, as it was ol
occasionally that tin- earth would ?pia
from subterranean discharges.
A remarkable fact wns i flited in Sn
mel ville in respect tei the bulging of t
water from tin1 interior of tho ear
Nearly of the wells bael been nt 1
water. Thoro was u Budden rise in
these wells, und the additional water v
In St. Androw's Pariah, for ten mi
on the other side of the Ashley Bi
brielge, the country is cut up by sn
fissures and mud holes of from un ii
te two feed in dinmotor, People 1 i vi
in the parish say that the mud ami wa
boiled up from live- to ten feet in belg
and they all serein to bo in u most
moralized condition.
One old n?gre? woman said that
view of tho city was most appall!
that after the shooks were felt cries fr
the city could be distinctly heard, f
that almost immediately tho light fr
the fires lit up the heavens over the ci
Tho colored residents of tho par
thought that judgment day liad coi
and commenced crying unc? praying
In Summerville, tho people nial
afrfghted inte? the inky black darkm
ami the general gloom ami despair,
wailing of women, tho shrieks of c
dre-n and the frightened voices of ri
made up scenes and sounds that w
equally distressing and appalling,
in Charleston, nil through tho nq
lhere was nothing ont sickness, und i
row, and suffering, and a constant dr
of final dissolution and utter unnif
Win n morning dawned tho ruin
devastation wore found to bo compl
There was not a homo that had not li
made desolate, in greater or less deg
All tho ohimnoys had disappeared, w
wero rent in twain; ceilings fell, ?iJ
numerous cases houses that rested
wooden blocks or masonry wero lev
to the ground. Other houses wor? i
from top te bottom and loft with yu
ingohasms in tho buildings. Am
those whioh wero hurled from t
foundations woro those of Goneral John
C. Mino?, Mrs. 13. P. Tiegho, JJ. DoTrc
ville, E. J. Liniehouso, Poroy Guerard,
Ben. Pony, tho Nottlca House, nial that
of Mr. Ed. Fishburno.
Tho 8Ccno nt tho Citndol Green '.VMS pic
turcsquo in tho extreme. Most of tho tents,
in all manner of colors, had been oracled
on tho south side of Hie square, alon;; the
Calhoun Btrcet li tn-. Thora were, however,
numbera of them on all sidos except timi
bounded by tho Citadel. The lents were
made ?ail of sheets, blankcl -, cnr|tvls,
clolhiug and whatever else could he i : 11
pressed into (ho .servie?! In keep oft' thora) -
of tho sun by day und Um dnw al night.
There were some people who mow il to tho
(?reen from a distance, und thoy brought
with till-in their cooking utensils and
camped as if to romain until i ?? <? Insl ves
tige of the danger hud disappear! d.
Many of the poorer people rolled barrels
to the BOjUuro and used them iii lieu of tent -.
Tho yard without a tent, whore Ibero was
alargo family, was Ibo exception to tho
rule. Whole families cotdd ut any limo
and nt any place ho soi rt cosily ensconced Ix
neath .some awuing orient under which
refuge had been lukcn from the < htmces ol
another shock of ti severe character.
Kellen's Ironi Hie l?arihi|anke.
There was considerable damage to Ibo
College buildings in Ibis cit) by Ibo earth
quake los! Tuesday night. Marshal Mor
rison had just had 800 rooms scoured out,
and now neatly all will have lo he l'o
scoured. The walls wera cracked in si ve
ral places and plastering iell in large quun
llty. The houses of i'rofessors Joy nos,
Sloan and Alexander were damaged also,
In Col umhin all is again serene.
lt is report" d here thal two bligh) shocks
were felt in Charleston to-day mid sovernl
in Summerville, lau nothing authentic baa
boon received.
Tin- fissures in the ground at Summer
ville were from i ? o lo linee inches in
width, and all efforts to touch bottom wore
The Citadel is reported as unsafe lor oe
cu paney until it has lu?-i- made secure, ns
grant damage lins been done Mn- walls.
Tin- train from Charleston ul 12 M. to
day brought nothing new. Tin- A'< . ?<< and
Courier carno up and is ovcrllowing willi
full and graphic accounts of thc disaster.
There wen- no now occurrences. No
passengers from that elly for this,
The train which arrived from Charleston
at Vi o'clock last night brought n few pas
songers, who continued all thc reported
suffering and anguish of the two duys mid
nights of horror hi that cit y.
< nu- gentleman estimated ihc loss i:i pr >n
rcrty, Including tin: buildings which will
, UUVO to he torn down, at tjt2o,00t),00t). Ile
told of an elderly lady w hum bc found ill
her house looking for la r lunn ls and ynlun
hie papers before she-v.-aili I leave tho build
Instances wera elven ol ibo cseu ix: from
partially fallen buildings hy means ol mi ' s
from second story buildings.
Another gcntlcmim gave Interesting de
scriptions of the llsSUrCS Which Wi le maill
ol (lie earth and the spouting of mud.
water and sand to great heights trom hot
lomlcss places.
Many of the heads of families have re
turned to Summerville to h.i.k niter llieir
houses and personal effects. Nul a chilli
ney in thc town is intact and main of thc
houses .-md contents arc |tolal wrecks.-Co
lumbia J)(ii:n Itecvrd, Sept. .'>.
ii.'1,, ror lin- II<'I|>II-H?.
There is nol a shadow of doubt, wc
griovo to s;,y. that tho disaster of Tuesday
night will cause grant miserj to thousands
. of good people in Charleston, unless rea
sonable measures he adopted immediately
lo meet their uee ls.
It is dillie ult tn give any estimate of ibo
amount nf damage, hut. bearing in mimi
the hiss caused hy IhccyclotlO a yeal ago, il
is no exaggeration lo sa j that thc earthquake
of last Tuesday night destroyed properly
tn the aiumiul of al h ast three million liol
A your hgo n very considerable part of
the loss fell upon corporations am! wealthy
linns who were well nblo In endure ii.
Tln-re is now a totally difTorenl condition
nf Illings. Kvcrj IloUSC in ( haili-ton is
injured more or less, and every householder,
however bumble lils circumstances, must
find thc means of repairing his lenin- or
must dwell ia au ImbitaU' II which is unsafe
or gives no ndequuto protection from wind
and sturm.
We consider ii necessary thal nrrangc
incuts fur the relief nf those who are in
need shall he made at once, and we SUggCSl
lhat the City Council, at tho* meeting tn
day, take action upon the subject, Thc
City Council, neting in conjunction with a
committee of citizens, eau ascertain the
wants of the public ?.nd see that they ara
promptly niel.
The city, in our opinion, should make an
appropriation for thc relief nf tin- Bufferers,
in this way thc burden of thc charitable
work will bo thrown upon ibo citizens in
general, in proportion lo their nu an-. Wei
nave a right also in count upon some aid i
from sister cities, fur air? inly gcnciOUS
offorS of that help w hit li blesses them that
give as well ns them thal lake have keen
extended lo US.
There is mn; thing to guard against.
Every nblo bodied mai; in Charleston, who
is willing to work, will he able lo lind lu
dative employment. These sh?uhl not ox
peet assistance, and certainly ought mil to
receive it. We want un loafers, no drones.
There is work for all who are able and
willing to work. Public assistance should
bc confined to those whose circumstances
or conditions arti such that they cannot
now help themselves.-iVtfiT? and (.''?trier.
The Government io llie lleecue.
W.\ six on IN, ScptcmU-r i.-(len. H. C.
Druin, the neting Secretary of War, 008
issued a special order directing thal avail
allic tents 1)0 forwarded Immediately to
Charleston und vicinity foi- the relief ot
sufferers by the earthquake Tho acting
Secretary of the Treasury has placed rc vc
nue cutters nt tho disposal of tim war de
partment to facilitate Hu- transportation nf
tents in the event of railroad c-omimmica
tii.:: heiug ian oir. Relief funds have been
started in tho Government 1 )epait-.i.cn.
and throughout the city generally. \ mop
(roller Trchholm f?VP!vW several money
contribution^ inls morning and prompt!)
telegraphed to sufferer* III OUuTlcston.
Quern OirUlliifi nm! Her llnhy.
(V'toon Ch i i-,t i nu, of Hpnin, ia perfectly
dovotcd to tho baby King, und may U)
seen any tiny in tho pul non gardens at
Tia (ilunja sitting uudyv a treu with the
child in her hq), while tho littlo prin
cesses play on tho groHH at her feet.
1 Rigid Spann ?i etiquette iu completely
laid asido whilo tho oourt is in the hill.--,
und tho Queen enjoys taking long walks
with hor children in the aiuroundhig
, country without any attendante. Sh?
, devotes the afternoon to state busiuosa
and tho evening to music,
\il KIIKUorKiinkim I'o.uni in a Hi-xinK Cou?
\(?litton dj II >"oli r. I |trl|ctll Mi?".
(Tommiaiii I'o , Loiter t" Philadelphia Times.)
To tho southwest ol' this town, perhaps
live miles or moro, there liesa runge of
hills as yet a stranger to the peaceful
plow. liotwcoil them some of tho
streams I have described play in tho
changing sunlight, laughing os musical
ly ns children laugh in tho heyday of
thoir happy youth. My purpose vvhon
! visited tin in was to east a Hy where
tho overhanging bushes would not pro
vent and whore they would drop thc old
fashioned hook beneath tho logs when;
the trout lovo to lie. I bud boen warned
timi tho stream I meant ho follow was on
tho sunny sido of thc hill, and that I
would most likely encounter a few rat
tlesnakes and copperheads, to say noth
ing ot the black "runners" ami "gar
ters" with which these uninhabited
places abound. Mut I laughed at those
warnings, and with a pair of high-topped
boots to guard against serpent fangs,
started out on my search for adventure
and trout. Throe beauties had found
their way into my basket when my lirst
experience began. .lust across from
where I stood tho bushes grow in tangled
confusion close to tho stream's very
edge, and a rustling noise in these
Caused me to remember tho warning I
ha 1 received. At that moment 1 felt an
energetic tug at my linc, however, and
immediately forgot all else in my desire
to land tho fish thai I knew was there.
In a moment or two this was accom
plished, and 1 had timo to think of the
bushes again. Glancing in that direc
tion I saw a sight that gave mo a series
of cold chills, and caused mo to wonder
for a moment whether it wouldn't have
been money in my pocket, as Artemas
Ward says, if I had never been born.
What 1 saw appeared to bo a conven
tion i il' snakes w rangling over the tem
perance plunk prior to its insertion in
tho State platform. To tho loft of tho
blackberry bushes was a clear apoco of
sand and pebbles, and flint was evident
ly the convention hall. There was not
any regular ord or of business apparently.
Wh, .II a snake? felt like making a motion
he simply made it, and if there were any
other motions in the way tho strongest
om- was recognized. There wore rattle
snakes, black snakes, striped snakes and
copperheads, and to this day 1 can't help
fancy ing that there were boa constrictors,
too. Whichever way I turned my head
I saw them assembling, as though in
answer to a roll call, hissing, wriggling,
mttling and crawling in holes and out,
under each other and over, until tho
whole place seemed actually alive with
snakes. And I hadn't had a drink for
months, either. How long they would
have sut there I cannot tell, but an im- '
pulse on my part to get away caused me
to break a twig under my foot, and then
there was a partial stampede. Have you
ever sei n a rattlesnake in tho attitude he
assumes when listening or getting ready
to strike at something that has disturbed
his peace? If you haven't, you've got a
sight to witness that will make your
blood run cold. Of those that did run
al the noise i nindi: one was au enorm
ous rattler, from four to live feet in
length. I could not count the rattles on
his tail, bat am prepared to swear that
they numbered twenty at least. When
thc twig snapped I watched him, for ho ,
lay where every movement could bc
seen. Quick as lightning he raised bis
lu nd at li u^t si\ inches from tho ground,
swayed ii from side to side, while thc
lower portion of his body seemed to euri
itself unconsciously round and round
within ii elf without disturbing tho head
until ho lay in striking ftttitudo, his hoad
gi nily swaying and his rattles making
the gentle bound which the snake makes
before he is certain tho intruder is an
enemy. Tho big, Hat head, tho thin
m ek, the small but glittering eves ?uni
the nui .eli s, swaying of thc agile body
of u rattlesnake present tho moat odious
features ol' th.: snake tribe in their most
odious form.
I didn't stay nt thai spoi long, because .
it wasn't Comfortable. A follow doesn't
med to be in a perpetual cold perspira
tion in order to thoroughly enjoy tish*
iug, bul .-...mellow he can't help feeling
that way with a .score of smokes near
him, although a ten loot stream does
How between. As I moved down the
stream, the bip, fellow rattled and push
ed out his longue, but ho never moved
un indi. The only perceptible motion
was one of the head, which enabled him
to see Hie better i S 1 moved a Wily, And
this ho kepi ?..)> until 1 passed out of
sight. There was no regret, I may add,
on ( ithor side as wo bade each other
fa re we! I,
(?id woodsmen tel! nie that thoro is
nothing unusual in such au assemblage
of snakes. Although tllOY aro at per
petual war with man, they somehow .
manage to live oil terms of general good
makoship themselves, lt is alleged that
a sympathetic copperhead will carry
healing herbs to a wounded rattler, al
though those species sometimes meet in
tho fiercest amt most doadh. combat; but
proof of this is not in the writer's mem
ory. I do know, however, that on fish- I
ing and hunt ing excursions 1 have ro
peatedly encountered two, three and
even four diflbront kinds of snakes within
ns many rods of euell other. Whether
tin y were unconscious of tho company
they were in i cannot toll, frequently,
when no weapon was available, I have
not paused to impure.
\ rltow tr>Yrr ni RilOfti.
N'KW Ollbl ANS, Sept. v?.-Dr. .Salomon,
Secretary of Ihc Hoard of Health, returned
lo night from niloxl, on tho Gulf shoro, and
Submitted his report. There have been
nh 0 Case? ol Sickness, and tho diagnosis in
un ii ea . justified tho exports In pronounc
ing it yellow fever. Two of the sick died
on Sunday and tho other eight aro conva
lescent, A m w ease broke out Uxbiy.
Tho wife of Knglueer Elder, of the Can?
tiing Company, hus taken thc disease, All
Hie si< k were employed by the Canning
Company. A? ?.?on as tho decision of the
pliysician/1 was dei lan d (herc WAH a regit
lar exodus from tho town. Hundreds
boarded tho train \cK \Wi\ city, some not
stopping to pack their trunks, but abandon
inn everything in their Hight.
H?rnum makes n solid offer of $20,000
for a specimen of the sen sorpeut, dead or
alive, provided it is ns big ns thc one rc
coally seen at Uoekpori, Nie. and prorata
for one half or two.-thirds aa big os thot.
ThU offorfl an elegant opportunity for tho
romancing proprietors ot seaside resorts to
"put up or shut up."
lt \v?n the General', Hon.
One of tlie ninny curious incidente
which happen almost daily in Now York
occurred on a recent afternoon in tho
Cyclorama building at Seventh uvonuo
and Fifty-liifth street, where tho paint
ing of t?io Battles of Vicksburg ia ex
hibited. Capt. L. S Hudson, a veteran
of tho war, and who took part with his
battery, tho Chicago Mercantile, in tho
conflict, WUK rehearsing the incidente of
tho hard fought day in bis capacity of
lecturer at tho Cyclorama. A visitor
suddenly interrupted him by asking:
"Who was in your front, Captain, at tho
battle of Champion Hill?" "The First
Mississippi Light Artillery," replied
Captain Hudson, "Do you remember
who was their commander?" queried tho
visitor. "I do, well. It was General
Tilglunau. I aided in serving tho gun
that killed him. We stood ou a littlo
hill in advance of his command, and wo
cut him in two with a spherical caso
shot." "That was my father," said tho
visitor, who was Mr. Tilghmau, a Wall
street broker. The two mon were natur
ally greatly affected at this strange meet
ing, and after shaking Captain Hudson's
hand Mr. Tilghmau immcdiotely de
Whnt n Tow Should Yield.
Something depends of course upon
tho kind of cow, but no cow is a good
one that does not yield 2,500 quarte of
milk in ono year, or about seven quarte
a day for 365 daj's. She will bc dry a
portion of the t?ne, and of course yield
more when fresh than toward the close
of her milking period, but she should
not give less than seven quarts daily for
every day in the year. Thc milk should
produce about 200 pounds of butter, or
a pound to every twelve and a half
quarts of milk, which at 25 cents a
pound tho whole year, woidd yield $60.
Tho value of tho calf depends on its
breeding, while tho skim milk fed to
pigs and the manure should realizo afc
least 825 more, making 875. Wo may
safely take one-half for cost, leaving
$37.50 as profit. The som fixed as profit,
however, may vary, as the prico of food
Ls cheaper in some localities than in
others. Dairymen differ as to the amount
of profit a cow should give. Homo claim
as much as 850 a vcar, but such dairy
men sell tho milk directly to consumers
at a fair prico. Thc fairest estimate is
made upon the practice of skimming tho
milk and raising pigs, which willinorcaso
the profit, especially if a good breed of
hogs bo used in connection with a first
rliiss lot of dairy cows.
A orop of mangels yielding forty-two
tons of tops and roots, or thirty-three
tons of tho latter, has been grown at a
cost of 81.00 per ton.
Columbia, S. C. Laurens, S. C.
O ir KM CK- Fleming's Corner, Northwest
side of Public Square.
Office over W. IL Garrott's Store.
Abbeville. Laurens.
LAUREN8 C. H., S. 0.
LAURENS 0. II., S. 0.
ll. I?, TODD. W. H. MARTIN.
A T T O lt N E Y S A T L A W,
LAURENS 0. H., 8. C.
C. H., S. C.
Ut?T Office over atoro of W. L. BOYD.
DrTw. H. R&XJXJ,
?Aloe days-Mondays and Tuesdays?
Hy buying your Drugs and Modicines,
I'M nc Colognes, Paper and Envelopes,
Memorandum Hooks, Face Powders,
Tooth Powders, Hair Brushos, Shav
ing Brushes, Whisk Brushes, Blackn.g
Brushes, Blacking, Toilet and lia an
dr y Soaps, Tea, Spico, Popper, Ging or?
Lamps and Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
and Soul), Diamond Dyes, and oti.er
articles too numerous to mention, ut.
Also, Puro Winesland Liquors, for
medical purposes.
No trouble to showjgoodfl.
Laurens C. IL, S. CV
August 6, 18*5. 1 ly

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