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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, September 22, 1886, Image 1

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VOL- tL LAURENS O. IL, 8. C., WEDNESDAY, SK PT KM UER 22, 188(5. NO. 8.
\.\ l,\<U HIV Ol IN < : - ; ros'l'l UHiY?f
OF KATI ll \:. Ult? I .
\ Srlrnililc Ktntmient ol Wlml Wc Know omi
! im, i limns A lunn ll.
Twice within n few (luya parlies of ob?
servers whose trustworlliiii' es is ii-, v..ml
question, mid in one case including a
gentleman of such equable and collei rvn
tivo mind aa a Uoslon schoolmaster - tay
bo pi'OSUmcd to possess, heve ropo] . .i
tho appearance nenr ('?pe Vim of what,
in deference to un cstabli lied phrase,
tiley are pleased to call "'tim rca ser
pent." The account they give is rntb
stantially tho sume as annually lin Li ito
way to public notice, and is likely lo he
received in tho same spirit ol sceplical
levity which these narratives havo al
Way? encountered. All attitude ot f mil
unbelief towan! nil stories that Pillia k of
tho salt water seem.; to be an in rudiea
blo peculiarity of thc han tm II ii I. A
"fish story" is a synonym fora f Ischood
tho world over; and ?nil ed in t ie c nit
of public opinion every tuan who tells n
bile of sights at sea is presum? d lo bo ti
liar until he ia proved innocent. Thc
person, therefore, who has thc tema ruy
to state that ho has seen the nea serpent
quito regains his old position in public
esteem ; .to havo chanced to observo un
unfamiliar marino animal ''swiftly un
dulating along H quaile!- of ll lllll? to
leeward" isa violation ol' tho proprieties
w' ich one can hardly hope to live down.
Tilla state cd thing's may bo only ono
phase of tho general indisposition of man
to acknowledge that others liav i seen
what circumstances have concealed from
his own sight, bul at all events thu so
called ?ca serpent, whose persistent re?
appearance may bo regarded asa pathetic
attempt on ila part to prove its own ex
istence to a skeptical world, Ls either
jeered by tho paragraphist or silently
relegated to that region of myths over
which Munchausen and Sinbad hold
Ullt oven Sinbad's tales, when road in
the light of modern science, arc readily
interpretable in many casey as distorted
and magnified versions ol actual facts.
And, in much Hie tamo way, b< neath tho
exaggerations and absurdities with which
diiforcnt observers have described tho
so-called sea serpent, there ?sundi noted
ly a basis of truth, Indeed, what nason
is there to doubt that bitch ali animal
exists? The only considerable ?i | tum nt
against its existence is that ad van iud by
Professor Owen, who objuohj Unit if it
existed wo should he able to find cither
its separate bones or it oomph lc skele
ton, Such objection, however, Ins no
validity, because wv novor find the bones
of whales or seals saw. on beaclieu where
mon have killed them ; nor do wc ever
discover the skeletons of tho countie s
thousands of birds that die in tho Forests.
"Nature is her own scavenger; wo ni vot
come upon lu.r burying places. We mny
not, therefore, deny tho . xislonco of a
.sen monster si ni) ily beean; ?? its skelotou
is not obtainable for the must linn .
Un thc contrary, tho fact of tho exist
ence of some snake-like marino animal
unknown to tho prosont /.ooh. ; ; is al
teated by a throng' of witnesses. \>e maj
not rehearse lu.re tho long list of circum
stantial and detailed narratives of those
moro or less eminent men, from Diodo
rus Siculns to tho president of thc (don
oestor Common Council, who profess to
hove Bi cn tho monster in question. Any
librarian can furnish tho inquiring read
er with a suflloicnt number of these ac
count? to keep him ic interesting read
ing for two days at hast. Tho narrators
include clergymen of all liatioiiallics and
creeds, physicians-, experienced travelers,
hard-headed business men, naval officers
of such repute us our ow n Commander
Preblo, and a host of others equally dis
interested. * Many of thee accounts
must bo not aside as obviously colored up
for effect, Jhit oven then there remains
nu accumulation of evidence too Weighty
tobe withstood. There is, of course, much
exaggeration; but after setting a: ide tho
"personal error" for w hich trained ob
servers always allow, thc general coh?
rence of thc details given hi thc e vari
ous accounts is indeed remarkable. All
the observers have found the animal only
ill northern latitudes; all ague that its
color is blackish brown above and white
beneath; that its prominent eyes arc on
tho tup of its flattened head; thal it
moves at thu rate of ?ive or six kn ds au
hour; thal it is harmless and even timid,
and that its undulatory movement is
caterpillar like, that is, vertical and not
lateral. There is, too, substantial agree
ment in placing its si/.e at seventy feet
in lenci h and twelve in circumference.
This concurrent testimony from hun
dreds of witnesses, strangers to each
other and often sopnrrtcd by centuries
of time, Bllflloiently provi s tho existence
of such an animal as they describo. A
line of porpoises, a school ol horse
mackerel, a mugs of sea weed, an old
mast covered with barnacles und toi sing
on thc W?VOi, have each been mistaken
for a sea serpent many times. Novor
thelcss, unless all tho laws of evidence
aro Ht fault, there is in actual oxistoUCC
reported mar Cui>o Ann. The so called
?ea serpent is not a myth.
What, however, as a mutter of fact, is
tho animal which boars in popular
phraseology this alliterative name? Wc
may boldly assert that it is notuscrpont,
All observers agrco that it undulates ver
tically, like a caterpillar. P?nt any one
who take? tho trouble to i uunine thc
structure of tho vertebra? of serpents will
?co at tmce that they tue capable of DO
other andulatory movoment than a Inter
al one. Thora are plenty of sen nor
{Mints, but none over live Icol In length,
und all havo their tails flattened side
ways so that they move through the
wator liko eels. Wo have, then, os do
.scribed by its observers, an animal utter
ly unknown to the zoologist, al leiist as
ft contemporary form. Tho only Infor
ouoo theroforo is that it is a survival from
some group of animals now on thc verge
of extmotion. When, however, we ask
what this group is, there are two equally
go ,cl answers, it may bc a survivor of
tho saurians-probably tho onallosaurion
--to whoso form, a? known to the
paleontologist, it corresponds with suf
iloient exactness. Ur it may bo a sur
vivor of Homo snako-liko cetacean, siioh
ft? tho zemglodon, to whose babita it
hugely conforms. Most scientists
notably Professors Proctor and Agassiz
(Kunu thi I'iMviitenco Jouricl.)
inclino i*) til?1 fenner supposition,
'l'h,'iv i , iiow vcr, considerable ground
?or Hic lutter. AU itu motions nie
cetacean; it is uniformly described us
ti ii tin;, Iiis bend out of water- n cus
tom ti) which sperm wholes aro much nd
dieted; its undolatory movomout may
be seen illustrated by every Eohool of
porpoises; it risen suddenly to the sur
in., i ir sinks like lead to t he bottom, ns
overy whaleman knows his victim can
from tho peculiar structure of its lungs;
and its hannie: :-ness ia also cetacean, as
whales seldom a thick save under excep
tional circumstances.
iiut whether the so-called sea serpent
iso zcuglodon or mi ouoliosaurian, we
shall never know for surety till we secure
i- ki loton for the zoologist to classify.
And very possibly this may yid be done.
I oe existcuco of the devilfish was long
deni? d, hut finally a specimen was ob
tained that silenced all cavillers. Hereto
fore observers of tho sea serpent have
either stared in childish wonder, run
awn.) i:i abject fear or peppered the
nu ne d i with harmless sled. Some day
mi old whaler witii a harpoon may make
a capture that will bring bim fame. lu
Ibo meantime we may as well admit that
t!ie man who announces tlic roappear
iinci of tho so-Ottllod sea serpent is not
necessarily a deludid ignoramus or a
falsifier. Doubtless many of the mon
sters reported hy summer excursionists
have no more real existence than the
semblance of a whale which Polonius
saw in the clouds, but nevertheless there
is in actual lifo and presumable vigor n
curious, bul harmless, marine animal
erroneously called the sea serpent. To
believe all the stories that are told of it
is credulity, but to dony the possibility
of its existence is presumption.
i UK (iliK VT ITIAL'U.
\:i Ohio |*n|N r iVIl i M hy ll I- .\ot Forgiven or
(F/cin tho Cincinnati Snr..)
A Domocmtio contemporary, which is
? li. posed to take un extreme view of the
matter, says it is to be hoped that thc
trustees OJ tho Tilden library, when it is
established, will make .some provision to
exclude Rutherford B. Hayes from the
privileges o? the niiuiiilcont establish
ment. lt even declares that "Hayes
would be likoly to steal the books which
IllO late President Tilden provided for
the benefit of the people." We quote
this matter a specimen of much that is
current' in pr ii. i -to show that tho in
dignation over tho fraud of 1870 has not.
died out. Clouerai Hayes is a mos! re
spectable citizen of this State, against
whom, personally, wo are not disposed
to rail. 1 ie w as an excellent soldier, and
acquitted himself well in tho civil ofllccs
which ho hold h) Ohio. As a Republi
can, ho foll llhnsolf better than bis par
ty, but the force of circumstances car
ried him along with bis party into tho
greatest wrong that has ovor bu n por
potrali ll under a republican form ol' gov
ernment, (uncial Hayes is, unfortu
nately for hhnsolf, tho personal repro
sentativo of tho most rascally fraud
1 nown to a hundred years of politics.
KM ii his soldior record, his unassailable
pi i vate character, and his dignified be
havior in Ohio politics cannot save him
from the disgrace of 1870.
Many of our Republican contempora
ries seemed to think that tho death of
Mr. Tilden would stop tho cry of
"fraud." Tin-re was a degree of Rcpilb
I tenn sol f-congratulation on this point
tlint bespoko a consciousness of guilt.
The demise of tho Democratic candidate
of lSTtl Mi nis only to have intensified
thc Democratic feeling. Mr. Tilden,
though a man of splendid attainment.^
and OBJ CCial value as a leader, was a sec
i udary consideration. It was thc Dem
... ratio paris that was defrauded. Mort
than that, it was the voice of the pcoph
that was stifled. Tilt! Democratic re
membrance of the rascality of 187<1 77 i:
?eil buried with the mortal remains ol
the D?mocratie .standard bearer. Tin
monumental theil which postponed Un
a condnnby of the Democratic party ii
tho government for eight years w hich
m other words, drowned popularacclain
for two administrations will be pnrtiou
lally jin served in tho minds of Demo
crats os long os ono of the principal po
litical thieves still undertakes party bur
glnry in Ohio, and as long as another o
tho unscrupulous "visiting statesmen" i
glorified as a Senator of the Unite?
.Stabs from the third Stab: in the Union
We need scarcely mieeify personally fo
mir intelligent realtors.
Tho man who remis as ho runs mus
recognize Edward F. Noyes as tho origi
mil of the first picture ami .lohn Sher
man as tho man who sat for the second
Tho Ht publicans complain about con
staid Democratic reference to the fruin
Ot 187(1, but keep tho feeling of (listliU
alive by persisting in debauching til
ballot hc>X. Since tho work of 70, ii
which they were so eminently HUCCCH?
ful, they have won a Presidency by coi
rupting tho Stab- of Indiana, and in 188
P ey flooded every vating precinct i
Ohio with it Corruption fund. They eve
undertook to smirch the record of th
rural dist riots of tho buckeye StaU? ft:
honesty in elections, mid in Chichina
tin y carried tho day by organizing a mo
of criminals to intimidate peaceable cit
zens und murder tho regularly const
tated olUcors of tho law. Tho Derm
i crats have ground for complaint,
diurnal acclaim for a generation of me
cannot wipe out tho awful record.
An l.lrn for Fairs.
A new idea for fairs has boon suecos
fully worked out at Islington, Kuglani
anti might bo adopted at bazars in th
country, when gypsy tents, Christin
tices, Reboc?os nt tho Woll and otb.
well-known att.motions become undosir
blo. At the Islington bazar inteicstii
historical buildings were reproduce
and their interiors embellished with li
orally and tastefully supplied talih
pre ided over by ladies in charactei ist
costumes. Tho homes of Wycliffe, Ty
dale, Shakespeare, Cowper, John Ru
yan, William Penn, Milton and Wort:
worth were reproduced. A milita
camp, with tents and other Uttings, c
copied a part of tho hall, and a OTOWnil
of tho May Queen and old English spoi
formed Hie entertainment of tho fa
Adapted for this country, different bavsi
might represent. Priscilla's Kitchen, t
homet of some of tho poets and ot!
hfotorioal buildings, while an Indian >
Iago would doubtless be a great attn
Hon to any bazar.
. -1
' Oolng to learn to dance, Clautl?
"Yes, I vo takcu steps in dud direction.'
, v - i ,,'.' '
AN Aioiou UKi.Tl'O ntl IfcKlt.
Orlando, Un* Lali-Hl Addition lo tl?' llrltlitli
Viv \ . .Io?! l.niuiclii'.t.
(Lwid'ii Correspon'ecce of Cincinnati'Knqtflrcr.)
Orlando, the liest of the "armor bolted
cruisers" building for tho British navy,
was launched on tho Tyne ti few days
ago by Palmer's Shipbuilding Company
(limited.) Bho is 800 feet long, r?<> feet
wide and :17 feet, deep, with a normal
draft of'21 feet and a toUd displacement
of 5,000 tons. ?She is built of mild sh el,
with a belt of "compound" or "slecl
fOCOd" armor 6j feet deep and 10 inches
thick on a U-illoh teak plaiding, which
extends for200 feet on each side. On a
lovel with the top of thu "bolt"-that is
l ! feet above the water line and run
ning for tlu> same length, there is a steel
deck 2 inches thick, which at a distance
of 50 feet from each end slopes down
ward at au angle of ?50 degrees, with
deck and plates ?1 inches thick. The
openings of thc decks aro protected by
armor shutters or shell-proof gratings.
The engines, boilers, magazines, etc.,
ure placed beneath this protective deck,
ind Hie navigation of the ship and the
tiring of the guns will be directed from
ii "conning tower" covered with armor
plates twelve inches thick, placed at the
fore end of the ship, and communica
tion to thc various parts of the ship will
pass through stiel tubes eight inches
thick. Tho ship is divided into one
hundred water-tight compartments, the
bulkheads in some parts being excep
tionally strong. The engines and boilers
(occupying four water tight compart
monts) are placed in the middle of the
fillip, with coal bunkers on each side live
feet wide. Bi neath the engines and
boilers then: is a double bottom, divided
into compartments, to be lilied with bal
last water. There is an opon Bpac . bo
Iween the bunkers and thc ship's side,
t he magazines arc placed in the middle
linc of tin' ship, fore and aft of the on
orines, with store-rooms, shalt tunnels,
de., on cither side. She will have two
-et;, of engines, ot. . for each screw, of
tho "triple-expansion type," with forty
wo-inch steam cylinders, indicating a
loise power of 8,000, and will steam
uneb en knots per hour. She has four
loders, with six corrugated lines each,
.apable of working to a pressure of 180
KHUlds poi' square inch, lier steering
gear is placed nfl, below the water line,
md she has eight tubes for discharging
orpedocs. lier iirmanieiit will consist
il two twenty-two ton guns, ten live ton
.lins and sixteen liotcllkiss qoick-lu'hlg
(lins for throwing six and thrco-pound
ihot. Tin; twenty-two-ton guns w ill be
?laced on the upper di ck, mounted on
llltomatio carriages placed on revolving
)lat forms mid protected by steel shields.
I'ho six-ton guns will also bc placed on
ho upper dock, llvo on cooli side. Of
llO small guns fourteen w ill le placed
m the main deck ?ind one at tho top of
.ach most. IKr ship's company will
ioiuist of 120 oiliccrs and nun, for
y hom accommodation is provided on
he main deck. The builders have made
apid progress w ith this ship, as the con
rad was only given them in April of
ast year. Tlioy have another ship of
.xactly the saint: plan now building for
he British government. The contract
rice for thc hull and engines, euch ship,
s .?224,001).
Talking of armaments, one is reminded
hat thc Victory, Kelson's old llagship at
he battle of Trafalgar, was ono of t lu
d?ais inspected by the "colonial and [li
lian visitors" who were Hie guests of the
taval oiliccrs at Portsmouth ton days
igo, and a comparison between her
imminent and that ol' one of the modern
illips illustrates very strongly tho roVO
IttlOU that has taken place in naval
ircllitoctlirc and ordinance since Hie bo
tinning of inc century. While tin* \'ic
ory carried 101 guns at the battle of
trafalgar, the entire weight ol' ber
>roadside was only 1,100 pounds, while
me gun of the Indexible will throw a
irojeotilo of 1,700 pounds. In other
vords, one of the modern eighty hm
runs will throw nearly live hundred
loilllds more metal than the whole: immi
nent of the largos! British ship engaged
it Trafalgar. The gross tonnage of the
Victory was 2,'20') tons, whilotlioluf(oxi
de hos a displacement of ll, UK) tons.
The former is a wooden sailing ship of
he old "three-decked line of battle''
y po j tho latter is a twin-screw iron
irinor plated turret ship, carrying four
;uns. Tho Indexible took a prominent
mitin the bombaHlmcnt of Alexandria.
lio? Some of 11 Are Talked To.
lt is a foregone conclusion that tho
illioi end of woman is to marry. And it
J no less true that the question of mar
iage is one in which tho women of tile
vorld are more nearly Interested than in
iiiy other. This being the case, thc won
ler grows that there aro so ninny ill
issortcd marriages and unhappy homes.
* r A little common sense in matri
monial aflairs, although it may despoil
ho courting days of something of their
omanco, is a very good thing. * '
Man, of all animals, is tho most BUS
eptible to creature comfort. A loving
toort and a caressing limul aro very ah
Uring, but they lose somo t)f their cn
diantnieiit if they forget to season thc
loop and show an utter disregard for
diirt buttons and sock heels. * * *
A man luis an eye for beauty in his
vife. lie notices the soft wave of ber
mir and tho lit ol her gown with a sort
>f pleasurable pride, even after time and
rials baVC dimmed the glamor of lirst
ove. The successful wife must represent
? her husband all the virtues; mus! bc
?vmpathi tic, and at thc name time Bonsl
ile. Sho must bo bright, entertaining
md agreeable at home as well as abroad,
md sho must know bow to preserve si
onco when it is desirable ' to hold lui
otigue, OTODthough she is read-to burst
vi tn indignation. If she does aol pos
?CSS these qualities, lot her cultivate tlu III
nest assiduously.
A woman's natural impulses lend her to
ihoose. a ruler and guide in lier husband.
v*nry*fow women desire to rule thc man
o whom they link their destiny. Tho
ruo wife gives to her husband her heart's
>ost gift; she rejoices ii. him, ut proud of
lim, and w ishes tho whole world to be in
lynqNithy with her. But lot her not err
n thinking that lier love caa hold his.
I'lio love which prompts un sci tish ness,
houghtiubicHS and consideration is very
(OOO, so*far as it goos; but it must bc
em pored with common sonso, so that in
it? absorption it docs not neglect thc
comfort of tho house and forget to be
igrooable and daiuty.--Philadelphia Ro
UK is i:xr.:<n:n SOON IO om CY HIS
roi TAO li.
Vacation ot Cabinet OHIcern Secretary Mun
illna'n Intention IO llollro fruin I'lllillV I.UV
oilier Maller?.
(Cori'0f<|iODilonca of tho Dalthnoro Sun.)
WASHINGTON, September IT. Thc
out-of-town season is rtbout over, timi
Washington society is roturning to ita
oity homo. Tho President luis probably
grown weary of fishing and gunning in
tho Adirondacks, and no doubt in look
ing forward with pleasant anticipation
lo occupying his remodeled cottage <>n
Georgetown Heights, information re
ceived here yesterday indicates that he
will start homeward thin week. During
his absence tho repairs on the cottage
have been pushed forward to completion,
and thc interior thoroughly cleaned and
burnished, SO that all is in readiness
tor thc reception of the Presiden! and
his wife should they arrive lu te to-inor
I'OW. I' is the intention ol'the President
to occupy his cottage until cold wcathor
sela in, and oven then he will probably
spend his winter Sundays there. The
return of tho President will, of course,
be tin' signal for tho homo-coming of thc
cabine' and other prominent ollicinls,
who reel thal they are not entitled to fl
longer vacation than the head 0? the
Oovornmcnt. Postmaster-General Vilas
will return from Ins home in Wisconsin
thc later part of the present weil;, al
though his wife and tinnily may delay
their return to Washington .several weck?
lougor. Nothing definite is Known
about tho intentions of Attorney-t ?eiierul
(larlnnd, bul at tho Department of Jus
tico ho is ox pee ted herc heforo the first
of October. ?Secretary Whitney has no
tified his steward to have the I street
residence ready for occupancy by tin
latter part of noxl week, and also tc
straighten up things at tho snmmoi
house, near tho President's cottago, Sec
rotary Lamar will bo in Washington
when the first cabinet meeting is called,
Ho enjoys taking his vacation in driblet,
whenever the spirit moves him. Scoi'0
tary bayard has remained at his post all
summer, and it is probable that i ? wil
take a brief but much-need vacation dur
ing tho month ot i Ictobor. Ho will scol
a secluded spot, where ho can have abso
late rest and au opportunity to rcouper
Tliero are but few persons who oxpec
Secretary Manning lo resume his seat a
the cabinet t.ible. His personal friend
and those who an in frequent conuiumi
cation with thc members of tho Mnnuui|
family assert positively Hud his dccisioi
to retire from the Treasury Depart men
is thud, and has been unchanged sine
lie forwarded his resignation to thc Prot
ident. The latter waa and is now avers
to losing Mr. Manning from his ollioiti
family, but he real i HOS the true conditio:
of Mr. Manning's health, and thorcfor
cannot conscientiously insist upon his rc
mailling. Had Mr, Manning's resigno
tioli lu i II promptly accepted when lilt
tendered, then: are bundie s o? anti
administration pi opie who, it is ch iinctl
would have sci/.eil upon the oppor. unit
to charge ?hat thcro was a pol?tica' ?lc
agrccmchl between the President an
lushest friend and most vahad politic!
adviser. As soon us Mr, Manning's fan
?ly physician diagnosed thc case, he ai
mimiced that it would be almost as niue
as tho patient's lifo was worth for him t
attempt to tax his brain with tho can
and responsibilities, to say nothing ?
the physical duties, of Secretary of til
Treasury. As much as the President r?
gutted to make a change in his Calline
he was obliged t?> bow to tho inovitabli
lt was determined, howovor, that thoi
was no necessity for hasty action, i
Acting Secretary Fairchild was full
competent to manage tho financial braue
of the government. In tho mcantinv
the extent of Secretary Manning's ph;
nicol hliimiiticfl has become apparent I
all reasonable persons, and ho will rollt
tautly retire from public lifo.
One night lastwcck, Chief Clerk Yo
mans wont down to tho Treasury Dopai
ment about IO o'clock, and found a lar?
lona1 of clerks at work in tho ollicos
thc First Comptroller and Treasuror. .
such an occurronco was somewhat ll
Usual, Mr. Youinniis asked a chief
division why the clerks were working
such a Into nour. The chief frankly i
formed Mr. Younians that the sottlcmo
of the Alabaran claims had imposed
large amount of additional work upi
tho bureaus interested in adjusting t
claims referred to. Besides thc oxl
work imposed, much annoyance and ?.
lay in the work have been occasioned
tho frequent visits of claimants and tin
attorneys, urging that the cases in win
they wore directly interested should
made "special." Thc rules ?)f the ?
partmont require that all porsonssecki
information relative to public hlisllli
shall bo granted a respectful and pata
hearing. Many of tho Alabama clai
ants, it ia said, presume upon this rule
occupy the tuno of the clerical force
endeavoring to push the Rottlemout
their respective cases ahead of ollie
This class of claimants resort to thc in
adroit of methods to get into the frc
tiry Department af ter the regular visiti
hour, which is'2 P. M. Every hour
half hour w hich they consume in lippi
ing to clerks to make their cases "s
ciftl" delays tho work on other cases t!
Hinch lougor. To avoid any furl I
trouble and delay by visiting ckiimai
Mr. Younians has issued a special on
which will prevent such persons fr
entering tho Treasury hui.ding afte
o'clock. Unless authorized to do so
tho Secretory, no cases of this charin,
will bo modo "special," bittali of th
will be settled in tho order in which tl
were passed upon by tho auditing offlci
For the past week tue clerks in Treust
Jordan's 0ill00 have worked extra he
drawing drafts for the payment of tl
claims, which are promptly signed ?
registered and mailed to the rospec
The principal clerks of thc Navy
{rnrtnient aro said to bo dissatisfied \
thc prosont mles govoraing the purcl
of supplies. Secretary Wait ney dis?
crod some, timo ago that the chief oh
of bureaus wer. in thc habit of ignoi
i-?mm ? Ti rn- ;i ??.....?
eontraotors who uro muh r ngrci mont t<1
furnish supplies to tho department nod
procuring any nrticlos tiny wislicd in
open market. Mo issued nu order nf
oneodirecting Ilia? all supplies should
come from tlie department contractors.
Thoordorat Cost was not obeyed. Ind
after several of tho dorks wore forced I"
pay for the articles purchased in viola
tion of it, they came to the conclusion
thai Secretary Whitney was dcb rmhied.
'Iii ni r favor Ile Itmorl ni l?ol?l ol i" ? i iii
,Unr\ I ft ntl Aloillttlltl
(OorrcHpjndcnco of tl illili U>li>i>it I'ini ?.,
POINT OF HOCKS, Md., September 1(5.
-Along the Potomac mar this little
mountain station is one of thc ihn st
Hulling places in tho South, il i: only
thirty miles from Washington and has
long licou tho favorite rcsorl o? legisla
tors who have a penchant lor tin rod.
Three rooks jutting up from Hie stn un
an? known as Hie "Senatorial Hocks"
and ono furthor down as tho 1 Pr< ?den-1
tial Kock." Tho people of thc vii! .
arc ever cager to tell ot' the famous llsh- '
ing excursion hore thrco years a? o, when
President Arthur and Senators lltiinp
ton ami Vest sat on those rock.-, through
four long hot ?lays ami caught m arly
tour hundred lisli. Nearly every ?
during this summer ono or more Sonn
tors have been seen pcrcht ll on tin- rock;,
angling for tho sportive swimmers. Ac
cording to the testimony of the villager::,
Senators Wade Hampton, Vcsl and
Kenna aro tho most persistent ami suc
cessful nuglcrs, with Edmunds, Fryo and
Gorman as good seconds.
Hampton was hero four lime , during
the spring and early slimmer, ami
stopped over for two day- aller Con
gress adjourned. Ile is the most .silent,
of nil the Senatorial iishcrmcii. While
his negro body servant keeps the booksi
bolted and a mysterious dark Husk i vcr
at bis master's hand, tho Senator is con
stantly bent forward, with cyesiutt ul on
tho sparkling, except when tho p King
tish biles. Thou, unlik< mo : Senatorial
Qsliormcn, ho does not get excited ami!
give the line a tremendous jerk which I
throws the tish high into lin' cir andi'
baok again into tho water. Aa it afraid I
of hurling tho swimmer, ho elevates Hie
pole gently until it is above tho Burfacc,
draws it in slowly, I ds the in gro detach
it; liten in a moment the lino i one
more sinking in the water and the Sena-1
tor is bending forward as if his lin do
pended on catching oy?ry nu Hon of thc
.string', lt is said that ho has never lo !
a Ash in getting it old of thc wah r, and
that no man wno has iver appeared oil
these lishing grounds has been more
cessflll than he. A catch ?d' sixty fish ni ? 1
ono morning is credited io bim, From
those caught, he selects a dozen or BO
for dinner and gives tho rest to any one
who will take them.
There arc some queer stories atloatl
hereabout his servant going into tin
village three times a day to replenish tho
mysterious dark Husk, bul no cyo-w iii.,
of tho occurrence could lu- found. Hu
skies it was a time winn Senators Vest
and Blackburn, ol Kentucky, occupied
the adjoining rocks, so if tin re bo guilt
Hampton should not In a:- it nil.
Vest is hardly inferior to the South
Carolina Senator in handling tho roil.
Occasionally lie gives way toa littlo ex
citement when there is a particularly
.sharp nagging at his line, but, generally
speaking, be i? a calm and Rciontitic lis1, j
uriiinn. Ho was tho teacher of President
Arthur in the science ami titi? accounts l
for the warm friend, hip which exbhs bo- :
tween the two. dust before Congress
adjourned .Mr. Arthur wrote to tin Si li
nter, saying that as KOO ll as his health i
permitted ht* would like tn have am tin r I
week at Point of thicks. Senator Vc t |
is not so silent, lb- intersperses Iiis j
catches with stories about his tish sue- I
cesses in Missouri and out at Yellow - , <
stone Park, but all the time kn ps a t lose
watch on his lino. He has, perhaps, tho
finest fishing tackle th.it has been set n
in these parts. The roils are of a pecu
liar cherry colored root! and his n i ls aii
silver. The sot cost, h is saul, about
Kenna, of West Virginia, who was out
on tho river yesterday, bas thc ri prut.t
tion of being tho champion angler of I
West Virginia. Unliko ovory other tish?
orman, Senatorial or otherwise, lie car
ries a real bait bottle. This may bo ac
counted for by the fact that he is a tem
perance man in private lifo, Tl 0 West
Virginia Senator goes about fishing ill
regular backwoods style. Dressed in
jean trOUSOl'S tucked III boots, a blue;
shirt and a short rusty alpaca coat, liol
looks like the typical dweller oil the i
banks of tho Potomac. Hedi:'-.In own
bait, attends to his own honks and
manipulates his catches with his own
hands. In fact ho believes in carrying
out tho role to tho letter rather than 1
playing tho gentleman angler. Ile lovi S
to tell stories about his gn at doings on j
the Kannwha, and the truth ol his tales
aro corroborated hy Ins home people. !
Ho ranks next to Vest as a Ilsll-story
teller and is infinitely more truthful.
Senator Edmunds, who is liOW up in
Maine handling tho rod, is known to
every villager about hore. What is
strange to Washingtonians, thoy spoak
of him ns the "jolly old bald-headed fel
low." Ho is certainly bal l, and bis
looks justify his being called old, but
just how the people got the impression
that be is jolly it is hard to guess. Per
haps lui thaws out away from tho dignity
of tho Senate chamber. Perhaps the
mountains and tho river and tho simple
country people recall tho days of his
childhood ami stir the sluggish blood ii'
his veins to its youthful vigor. Perhaps
the Senate restaurant-keener kindly puts
a good supply of cold tea in bis valise
for use on the Potomac, or perhaps but
after all it is all only guesswork. The
Venn nt Senator is like 1 lampion in
silent contemplation of the waves nm'
like him, too, in scientific management
of his rod. In the latter part of July
last '?a "might fifty-six tish before noon.
His attire while on the river la the sam
li, he wears in the Senate chamber, with
exception of a big, broad brimmed straw
hat, which is pulled down over his ears.
Fryo and Gorman havo gained fame at
Point of Hocks also, but they aro too
busy with their homo campaigns this
summer to give any time to angling.
Frye never eames any rods with him.
With a common lino wonn ; around la bit
of wood ho .'tul for the river and cul*
a p 'le mi t he way down. In fact, ho
goos al>ont tho matter much after Un
man ncr of n sohoolboy and seems to cn
joy it all with a thoroughly youthful ap
predation, ile waa ono of President
Arthur's favorite companions, under tho
preceding administration. Bonator ( lor
mau lives only n row miles from Point
ol Bocks, and frequently brings his
guests up boro for a days' (tabing. Ile
is oxcoi cliiigly fouil of Ibo ?port. When
bo in ike au unusually largo catch bc is
;;s gil fill IIS tl child. * Willie oil his Wily
from Hagorstown to Baltimore, a few
. i: i ago, bo had to stop over boro for
itali an boar to await his train. Ho spout
Iii A'liolo time down at Hu- river bank
Inokiug longingly al tho "Senatorial
Ll ku." Ile said that as noon as tho
political conventions ill .Maryland wore
. roi' ho would cone lu re for a week and
bring tho President with him, if tho lat
t. r luid aol got onougli of tho sport up
in the Adirondacks. M. n. n.
Purni1 Unid) .oui lli'iiulHiil Uxtrai'lM from mi
Olil Lct'lliril ?>> l'un! ll. Mayne.
Beyond tho orbit of Longfellow's "rod
planet Mars," wheeling in circles w hich
metimos interest ouch other, astrono
mers di covered between 1800 and 1H07
[our > ' . 1:111 planetary bodies, to which
Sir John Herschel has givon tho mime
ol asteroids. Doviatiug so much from
lin palli in tho beavens described by tho
other tenants of our solar system that
the zodiac roust bo expanded live times
its breadth in order to include their
?rbita, beurina with thom traces of
atmospheric phenomena and gigantic
li : and what is most remarkable, pre
st titing to tho observer's oyo not tho
form ol' nu oblato spurid, but edges
rugged and uneven, lt has been con
jectured by Prof. Olbors, of Berlin, that
these bodies originally united in one
grout planet, must by sonn- strange ex
plosion have bivii scattered into space,
whcilover tboy gleam upon us now with
tho light dimmed amt mournful of a
fragmentary existence.
A doom akin to this may bo resting
Intent in tho bowels of our own earth.
Sometimes wo hear tho demon muttering
iii- mysterious language and lulling his
thunders underground, and then, un
chained for a season, ho riots in carth
ipiak? i or soars upon tho fumes of vol
canic exhalations.
Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried
in a :,; '.ht. Lisbon, with horthousands, ,
valli. Iu d like one of those dissolving ;
..earth bubbles" to which Bouquo com- j
pan ? Ibo wind sisters in Macbeth.
Uivi v that have ?lowed for ages with
in their appointed bounds are precipi
tated into now channels, or swallowed
up in tho vortices of lire and smoke; .
fertile phuns shiver Uko glass beneath
tin beet ol' some malign enchanter, and
thc whole glube trembles as with throes
ol' lili sollltioll.
And yet, in the economy of nature
what aro tlicsu convulsions but tho nor
mal ve.its wlnre through tho earth's .
overcharged heart relieves itself of thc
P . un iit humors -thc consuming heats
which seethe mid boil about tho core of
ber vitality'? A few days, months, or i
year, and her scarred visago assume
again tho lovliness ol'old; from thc site
ni her lava burials ami the chasms which
show where her sick agony was ali but
mort il, a riclier verdure courts thc airs
ol' heaven and vaters more brightly
I K imi ii'u I Hash back tho splendor of sun
ligl i ami stars.
Tho earthquake, thc tempest, tho pas
dun ? I \i -callie eruptions, ure therefore J
I ; : i ? \ ol'mercy, Were it not for
(heir strong agencies, wp too might have
been rolling through ihu "voids im
mense," shorn ot our birth-right of lifo
uni gl< ry! Desolation for an hour;
itabilily tor CCIltlirics; tho upheaval of
luci* nt landmarks to-day, and to-mor
row the beginning of a new order of 1
Harmonious law, which progrosses fruin
.pooh to i pi ich, along pathways of
beneficence and lovo; sudden deaths to
hundreds of thousands, and the fullness
:>f life tu myriads, perhaps of genera
tions! Such are thc sublime compensa
tions i,i Providence. Who, then, can
iloilbt that our wonderful physical sys
tem, balanced and controlled by tho
omnip lit arin, is but a typo in its per
il el advancement of that moral, spiritual 1
mid political world within whosi obit
humanity is called upon to act Hu ninia
. i its destiny. In the conceit of theoretic
reason wc may ask: "Wherefore, O
Hod! hast thoa done thus and thus?"
I >r with tho Spanish sceptic's audacious
hardihood WO may ailinn that "if (?od
lia?! only consulted us at tho creation,
kve could have favored him with hints to *
Ids ndvantago;" bat, despite man's
blasphemy and folly, tin kind "All
t'atber" i.-> leading him through proces
ses lu- cai.not comprehend to tho noblest
fruition ol' his hopes, "lt suits nut,"
-ays the archangel in "resins,"
!t suit I not tho eternal laws ol' dod
That evil bo immortal!
Vet on this temporary, partial stage of
human action it is often through evil
dunc Unit thc highest possible good is
.volved, and in proportion to tho magni
tude of tho evil may be thc vital
grandeurs of tho benefit,
Those arc truths that WO should all
leeply ponder.
1 ho b mptatioil to utter skepticism to
..curso Clod" in our hearts ami "die"
rises upon too many with a terrible force,
Vet fruin the depths ol sorrow and pain,
if we listen aright, comes the voice of a
beautiful consolation which seems to
ly: "From tho ashes of corruption
spring the Howers of verdure, thc rich
blooms of earth, and so in tho loatbo
Homcncss of Bin and error and all "things
0V?," lies hidden away, but slowly gath
ering its powers for resurrection, the im
mortal "soul of good."
A I lirtOHD ('AHM Of lillliilllf-HM.
Dr. Widmark, a Swedish surgeon,
h wing as a initient a young girl in whom
ho w.n unable to detect the slightest
pathological changes in thc right eye,
bul win? was yet completely blind on
that side, observing considerable do
feots In tho teeth, sent ber to M. Skogs
hoig, a denial hurgOOIi, ?bo lound that
all tho upper and lower molars wcro
completely decayed, and that in many
of Hiern tho roots were inflamed. Ho
i (trnoted the romains of tho molar on
tho right side, and in four days'time tho
sight of the right eye began to roturn,
and on the e.eveiith day after tho ex
traction ol teeth it had become quite
normal. Tho diseased fangs on tho other
sido wore subsequently removed, lost
they should causo a return of tho
ophthalmic sifectlon, London Lancet.
If Ids love hi's dreaming will she toll thc
truth when ?he is awake?
A Hell " Fix- Hundred \ mn..
Tho eily of Breslau celebrated tho flvo
hundredth auuivorsary of an ooourrenoe
whicli was memorable, in tho history of
the town und is known v horovor Ger
man poetry finds n home. Tho boll
which bungs in tho southern tower of
St. Mary Magdalen's Church und is
named "St. Mary's bell," but is usually
known as "the poor sinner's bell," nmg
out morning and evening on tho 17th of
July to remind all who heard it that it
was cast on that day live hundred years
ago. Next day (Sunday) thc preacher
reminded his congregation of tho
pathetic story which nus made it singu
lar among hells, bow, when all was
ready for casting, the bell founder with
drew for a few moments, leaving a boy
in charge of the. furnace, warning him
not to meddle with the catch that un
cured tho seething metal in the caldron.
But tho boy disregarded tho caution,
and then, terrified on seeing tho molten
metal beginning to flow into thc mould,
called to tho bell founder for help.
Rushing in and seeing what bc had in
tended to bo his masterpiece rained, aa
be thought, angered to madness, ho slew
tin; boy on tho spot. When the metal
had cooled and the mould was opened,
the bell was found to be an exquisite
work, perfect in finish, and of marvelous
sweetness of tone. Coming to his senses,
ho recognized Iiis bloody work and
straightway gave himself to thc magis
trates. "Blood for blood" was tho law;
ho was condemned to die, and lie went
to his doom while his beautiful boll
pealed an invitation to all to pray for
"the poor sinner," whence its name.
\V. Muller bas enshrined tho sad story
in a hallad of touching simplicity:
"War einst oin Glockcngicszcr
Zu Breslau in der Stadt. '
Tiondon Times.
bord Randolph Chun hill, replying to
the directors of the Scottish Protestant
Alliance, who recently criticised his an
swer to their remonstrance against the ap
pointment of .Matthews, a Roman Catho
[ic, to tho Home Secretaryship, says bc
must decline lo discuss the matter, lie
adds that if the views of the Alliance were
pushed to a logical conclusion, they would
involve the repeal ol all those Acts of Par
liament removing thc political disabilities
pf Catholics and the rc enactment of penal
laws, which a vast majority of the british
people arc anxious to forget.
Columbia, S. C. Laurens, S. C.
UVFICE- Fleming's (Joi ner, Northwest
side of Public Square.
Office over NV. ll. Garrott's Store.
\Y. c. I) EN ET, V, P. M'liOWAN,
Abbeville. Lai rons.
LAURENS C. ll., S. 0.
{. P. TODD. W. ll. MARTIN.
A T TO R N 1?: V S A T LAW,
LAURENS 0. H., S. 0.
s'. J. HOI.MKS. n. V. SIMPSON.
A T T 0 U N E Y S A T L A W,
LAURENS C. ll., s. c.
C. H., S. C.
?wT Ollico over storo of W. L. HO YD.
Dr. W. H. B?LL,
Jlllco days-Mondays and Tuesdays.
By buying your Drugs and Medicines,
b'inc Colognes, Paper and Envelop oe,
Memorandum Hooks, Face Powders,
Tooth Powders, Hair Hruslics, Shav
ing Brushes, Whisk Brushes, Black mg
Brushes, Blacking, Toilet and La nu
lly Soaps, Tea, Since, Pepper, Ginger,
Lamps and Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
ind Snuff, Diamond Dyes, and otuer
irticles too numerous to montion al
Also, Pure Wines and Liquors, for
medical purposes.
No trouble to show goods.
Laurens C. IL, S. C
August 5, 185-5. 1. ly
- ANO -
201 Vine Street, CINCINNATI, 0.
Tho typ? a nod on thia j>?per wa? oaot by U*
?bore lotttt4ry.-Ei?,

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