Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
LMPUKSSJOKS OF SOl'TH AMKH1CA.
A TI.KASINO LETTISH KKOM AN IN
The Country uno Hie l'?o|?lc-Interesting
Fiiotfl Gathered on ? Journey.
(Lottor to thc Bdgoltcld Olirontolo.)
BTKAMBR SAN MARTIN, ON THU PARANA
Iii YUH, September 8, 1887.- -Five days
aK?? jost as your summer began to wane,
ami our spring to set in, wo quitted
Montevideo itt tho beautiful steamer
"Farfalette," and sped GO miles across
tho great bay which forms tho mouth of
tho Kio do la Plata, to Unenos Ayres,
tho immense and magnificent capital of
tho Argentino Republic, of which inter*
eating oity 1 will give you some account
in or futuro lotter. Hero, after a night
and day, we take a larger steamer, tho
"Han Martin," bound for Assuuoiou, tho
capital of Paraguay, 1,000 up tho river,
in tho extreme heart of South America.
First, as this mammoth river nears tho
sea, it is called tho Rio do la Plata; a
hundred milos farther up, it becomes
tho Parana; and lint Hy it divides into
two great streams, ono keeping thu name
Parana, tho other taking that of Para
guay. As we sl-atn, velo r blowly, up
into the land of tho monkey abd 1
constrictor, I seat my soli on th i dick of
tho ' .San Martin" to write yen a letter.
The tirst titree days of our journey up
the Paraua arc rather monotonous. The
water? continue turbid and muddy, and
tho shores mostly barren and woodless,
give? up to hugo herds of cattle which
graze on tho natural growth, and with
but few signs of cultivation. Wo pass
several nourishing towns, the inosl
notable being Rosario, rcoently and
rapidly developed into a city of 60,000
inhabitants, many of them Knglish, who
have introduced modern comforts and
tho luxuries of civilization, gas, tolo*
graph, telephones, tramways, .vc, and
founded a Protestflut church. li is also
tho focus of the most extensive railroad
system south of tho isthmus of Panama,
and tho commercial centre of tho sur
rounding country, 'ibero is a largo
foundry ut Rosario, belonging to an
Amerioan, besides two others, and facto
ries, saw mills, breweries, hospitals,
libraries and schools of note. The schools
aro nuder the direction of ai. American
lady, who is appointed Superintendent
of public instruction, was brought out
by tho Argentine Oovernmont, and re
ceives a salary of 8*1,000 u vonr, U hoiisu
Tho next eity of importance ifl !'arana,
once tho capital of tho Argentine Repub
lic. Its old government budding , u
cotice houses, stand out on the ulovati d
ridge in showy array. On tho opp.' i
bank, 7 milos distant, can bc BCOn San'.a
Fo (holy faith) ene ol' tho oldest towns
on the *tver biala, once u Jesuit con tn .
Further up tile river, bella Vint:1, shine,?
ont, worthy of its nnmo, whore white
houses and orange trees crown the high
cliff's, which overlook tho mighty tiver,
whoso grandeur and beauty now begin
to strike thc most casual observer. Tho ,
glossy leaved orango ; oves iucroaso, j
varied hy a lighter foliage of water oak
and willow, with a few picturesque palms
horb and Micro. The water scorns to ex
pand into a BUCCCS&iOri of limpid lakes,
whose shores and islands mingle, with a
continual change of scenery, as we glide
along our tranquil course, now and then
mealing various craft and sails.
Tho fifth morning of our voyage linds
us bi fore tho (plaint old Spanish town
of Oorrienten, Bottled in 1688 by tho
I.hinting pf tho Roly Cross of tho Jc'uits.
t presents a channing picture as WO ap
?noach, thc. steeples and towers of tho
our churches and the columns of public,
buildings glistening nu 1er the dazzling
rays ol u South American sun. Cor-i
rit ntcs was formerly a Jesuit stronghold, i
and relied of that fearless and indefaligfi
ble sect are still pointed out. ' Tho mis
sive doors of tho "Madri/." were OM'Vod
by tho friars out of hard Paraguayan
wood, nea; ly tin co bundi oil years ago,
and arc, even now, ns solid and bard as
iron. Them aro abo an organ ?nd altar
ornaments mudo by tho santo friars.
This city is HC'2 miles from Ihtonos
Ayres, and receives its naloo from the
^ many currents uniting hore. Kveli at
j lillis great distance from its mouth, this
|mniui?o river is said to bo three miles
' / wide.
rf To the right we now leave tho Parana,
which extends to tho Bhoies ol brazil,
while wo pursue the Paraguay, u noble
and beautiful stream, lb re we begin to
note a decided change Ul scenery wrought
by our Ono miles voyage from south lo
north, and a nearer approach to the
tropics. On tho casteth shore wo behold
the denso cool forests of I'uruguay, with
its woods of brushy, outspreading
branches, variegated willi spating foliage
of lighter hue, and pink blooming tr. i s
(La Bracho) and tho yellow Quabraobo
whose, hurd wood never rots. There are
guava; and bamboos, and exquisite pam
pas g russes covered with thousands of
feathery blooms, and palms and palmet
tos and plantains.
Tho wettere shore, which presents a
striking contrast, is bordered hy low
bushes and abundant grasses, for bete
i.t ret cites back for hundicds ol' milos
from the water's edge, to tho great Ai. I.
cordillera, the "Grand ('huco," tho great
unexplored region of South America,
.whoso myutorics, from the days of Solis,
have bullied the most adventurous trav
elers, and from whoso "undiscovered
bouruo" but few hnvo retune d. For the
most part, tho "(Ixaiid Chuco" is deice
forest, but, In the vicinity of gie it
rivers, is low sud swampy. Though
nominally belonging, childly, to tho
Argontino Repuhlio, it is still In posses
sion of tho native fierce tribes of In
diana, as well na other native anin-nls of
all classes. However, I look in vain,
for wild beasts a nd birds, monkeys und
boa constrictors! 1 discover nothing
moro btrango or formidable than t inny
crocodiles, which slip into their watery
bods as wo pt ,v and steam along, and an
occasional v \ bog (carpen choro).
Tuero aro als* ?o.meusely tall loug-loggcd
cranes posing on ono leg against tlc?
waving grecu, with iutent lookout for
fishy food, ind many Hock? of wild
ducks and other game, startled by our
approach. Thousands of sleek cattle
grate upon tho abundant pasturage; and
tho scene ?N altogether cue of ponce and
ropoBO, quito at variance with my pre
conceived ideas, l long for tho monkeys
ami anacondas and jaguars, but thoy
will not como.
To return to tho eastern or Paraguay
an, here 1 notice that apart from tim
magnificent display of ortuJgc groves,
and occusiomd patches of corn, tobacco
ami sugar cane, there is littlo or no cul
tivation, though wo pas? many nourish
ing ! ott lenients. Poremost, among tho
latter is tim thriving town of Pillar, at
present tim outrance harbor of tho bravo
little Ropublio of Paraguay, and which
was, in nays not far back, tim only point
of contact with tho outer world per
mitted by thc. jealous policy of I'resident
Franchi. Its clean, bright aspect gives
a foretaste of Ibo neatness peculiar to
Paraguayan villages nud houses. On
Ibo bank we observe a machine for cut
ting ami sawing tho hard timber of tho
country, and lying by aro two vessels,
built of and laden willi the same timber,
ready for exportation. Thora aro two
American families living at Pillar, on*
gaged in tia- cultivation of pineapples.
D'or 150 miles moro wc continuo our
upstream wa}', with ever-increasing in
terest, wooded hills and grassy plains,
willi sard ruins and relics of tho late
brazilian war, passing in exciting pano
rama liefere us, until wo reach Villcta,
famous for its orango groves, whoso
products sullico for the markets of both
Buenos Ayres and Montevideo, lt ia a
pleasant sight to seo tho fruit brought, on
board hy long liles of lively, while clad,
barefooted women, singing as thoy trip
over tho loug gaug planks hading
ashore, many of thom bearing immense
burdens, and smoking huge, rough made
oi ;ars. Above Villcta, wo pass. San
Antonio, beautifully located amongst
orangen, guavas and palms, about seven
miles below Assuuoion, San Antonio is
noted as the settlement of an American
colony, a company formed in Uhodo
I-land years ago, for introducing agri
cultural and mechanical implements into
Paraguay, under the auspioos of Mr.
Hopkins, U. S. Consul in 1851. The
company was encouraged by President
Lopez, and thev were ubout to realize
au immense foil une for themselves, and
confer u boon upon Paraguay, when
Lopez became jealous, and determined
to compel them to leave tim country,
which he finally did, to their great dam*
ago und Bullering. They were obliged
to cbiini the protection ol Captain Page,
of the H. 8. steamer, "Wah r Witch,"
Hun cruising in Paraguayan waters.
Tho ousted oompany requested tho
(J. S. Government to demand damages
for expulsion and losses. President
buchanan sont out a minister and 21
vi sacks' of war to Asuncion, at a cost of
milli? ns, which, strange to say, ended
in no redress Tho prosecution of this
claim is still in progress, tho present
I'. S. Minister having recently made two
visits to Assunoion tor the purpose of
settling it, with good prospects of htlC
cess, and wilie,ut further cost.
As wo loso sigh, of San Antonio, tho
picturesque, well-wooded hill of Lani
bari, on the water's edge, juts up ahead
of us; its isolated position, in tim midst
ol'a lc.el country, gives it tlie appear
ance of a veritable mountain in the dis
hLI ce. As we turn tho sudden bend ol' ?
tl. river around tho Lindum, wo emerge
iul a bay-liko sheet of water, placid, j
oli ur and glassy on tho surface, and said
lo bo of considerable depth, and before j
us lieu tho capital of Paraguay, "the
garden of South America," whither I j
invite jon to follow mo in my next'
chapter of wanderings, it. o. n.
M AKIM) l!l Sill ll TH lou 7 OK NTH.
Alld riven 'I lien Dinah I ' ! - li in au lian lo Mun
tor Htir Money Itcforo (lettlll|! itu
(Kioin tim Row York sim )
Dorah Piahmau, a seamstress of about
25 years of age, residing nt 212 Mooroo
strie?, complained to J ustioo Henry M. i
Ooldfoglo in the Fifth Uistriot Court
yesterday of tornoon that her om ploy or, I
Leon l'ottligg, a shirt manufacturer of \
2 JJ Mon mu street, owed her j>b for 1
milking shirts. Sim has worked for tho
ruannfacturor for ci. ht months, she sied,
making shirts for 7 cents a dozen, ami
ho owes lier a balance of $V>, for which
slio asked le 1 . ionor to uward her judg
Dorab's father, Solomon Fisionan,
who if about 50 years of agc, also per
formed work for tho dofoudant at tho :
same low rate of wages, and ho also had :
a claim for $2.00 against tho mautlfcot
fouling, who was dressed warmly an \
loo!.ed BS U ho enjoyed life, said lie did
not roOOguizO the girl in the transaction
at all; that his dealings woro only with
her father, to whom he admitted owing
tho money. Ho hus about niuo machine?
running in his shop, mid tho work is
distributed among tho difforont opera
tors', each having n separate part of tho
shirt to moko, Ho said Dorah was only
helping hor father, who was to pay her.
"Do you moan to tell this Court that
this poor girl was to bo paid by her j
father when lu was only receiving 7
cents a dozen?" indignantly asked Law
yor Hirshllold, w ho advocated Dorah's
"Yes," meekly responded tho witness.
Yettliog brought several of his om?
ployeos to swear that tim seamstress
novel worked for hun, but was simply
helping her father. They so testified,
but .1 migo (loldfoglo behoved tho pro
nooderanOO Of evidence was in Dorah's
favor and rendered judgment ngainst
the shirt manufacturer for tho $b witii
lu the luther's caso for $3,00 Yettling
admitted judgment without coming to
Dur local weather prophet, Prof. J. C.
Maker, honda lo the following predictions
for tho weather in the Southern States for
thc month of February:
1 purdy cloudy and cold, 2 cold rain ur
snow, !l lillie rainy and cold wind, i fair
and cold w ind. 5 fair an I frosty, 0 rain and
, 7 fMr and fro-ty and cold windy day,
8 and 0 fair and frosty, 10 cloudy and cold,
ll partly cloudy and cold. 19 cloudy and
Cold, bi lo lft rain and sleet. Pl little rain
In the morning then fair elf cold, 17 and IM
fair and warmer, Ul to 131 cloudy and I'ttle
r un and cold, 22 fair and cold, 23 rain or
I0OW, 21? partly cloudy and cold wind, 27
and 2H fair and cold wind, 20 fair and cold.
A little hoy having been given the pet
' name of .Moss, a whty friend of his father
. remarked, "1 suppose you call him Moss
i ( to ?how your t'dicn tot him."
CLKVKLANIl AND Ul LL.
s.nni- Political Gossip HI to Whom Iho
Democrats W Ul Noiuluate-Tho Two Ar?
Very Fri? nil I > --(, levi lund Sur?! lo Will.
(From tho Washington Sunday ClazctPi.)
It is an opon secret tiniong shrewd
Domooratio politicians, among those who
know what is going on in tho innermost
c relo, that David Bonnet, Hill, Gov
ernor Of tho State of Now York, is a can
didate for tho Democratic nomination
for tho Presidency. That is an assured
Oovoruor Hill in many respects is a
strong man. He has made a good record
ns (lovcrnor, and during Ida two terms
not a singlo blemish, oithor personally
or officially has been fastened ou lus
character. Ho will leave tho executive
mansion at Albany with cleau hands anti
unblemished reputation. TheGovornor
has had tho dispensing of a good deal of
patronage during his two terms, and, of
course, ho ha? not appointed to office
any ouo not friendly to him and his
cause. Theso things make him strong.
Again, let it bo reniembcjed that < . iv
ernor David B, Hill is known all over
tho country. When Cleveland was
nominated for President bc sprang into
prominence. Ile had boon associated with
that wonderful man in adniinist* ring Ibo
affairs of tho State, and Govornor < li ve
laud's election raado him Governor,
Thon he was elected by the people,
which again brought him prominently
before tho public eye and was taken Uti
showing that thu popio were suti-'ir.l
with the way bc hud governed. As Now
York had given one Governor to become
a President it was not a great stretohoi
imagination to pioturo tho himpiro Slate
again saerilieing ber chief magistrate FO
that tho Nation might have a ruh r, pro
vided tho present incumbent of Hie
White House did not seek a ro c!?dion.
All these circumstances combined tu
keop Govornor Hill's namo prominently
before tho public.
uovr.iiNOU Ultili AM? PROTECTION.
Governor Hill's position is a peon 1 itu
one. lt is well known that mauy of till
protection Democrats ami, althoiigt:
tim straightont Domooratio organs iii
claro there Are noue such, they exist il
no small number? -do not liku tia
President because of his tariff views am
that they listened to his message wit!
amazomont and anger. Governor Hill
on tho other hand, is a protection Demo
erat and he is the candidate of that wn.t
of tho Democratic, party that believes il
maintaining thu present turill' us a psi
of our present political system.
Then, again, the impression has gem
forth that the Governor ia a spoils poli
tician; that if be had his own way k
would disregard the spirit of civil si n k
reform and appointments would 1)0mad
simply on tho ground of political Ctn?
and tua services to bc rewarded. An
in addition to this, thono people wli
want a chango,, not on high mon
ground, but because of sumo small ti
fancied I. -gleet or slight, have Mocked i
his stand..rd bccailSO ho appears to li
thc strongest candidato.
CAN* us: SUCCEED?
Gan ho succeed? Can ho got t!i
nomination? Those are tho quest im
to bo answered, and from my person:
knowledge of thu way sentiment is rill
mug I unhesitatingly say ho cannot.
' I do md believe there is a man in tl
Democratic party who can get the noni
natiou away from Grover Clcvelam
Unless ho does somothing most unborn
of, or unless one of those absolutely tu
expected events whioh sometimes trw
spire happens, the President, in n
opinion, is as sure of a renomination
ho can be sure of anything.
Tho Hill boom is in tho hands of NV
shrewd men, who aro playing a vc
careful game, lu tho tirst place it w
not do for them to any way cause il
union in tko Democratic party in I
State of New York, ns such u cou?
would certainly mean Democratic dide,
Tim Hill men cannot afford to do ti
and ratlier than biko auy chances th
would do whatever they could to eli
Cleveland. But if Cleveland could 1
secure tho necessary voten in tho Ci
vontion the Hill men would come to t
front and ask tho Cleveland support
to cast their strength for their candida
TtrRV AUB STILL r'ltl EN DH,
From wind I havo written ab< ve 1
impression may bo gathered that (ii
ernor Hill is not friendly lo the Pn
dent, and Hint the former is setting
pins to undermine his strength. My
formation on tho subject does not li
mc to believe that that impression
correct. Tho situation of affairs I
told is about this: Governor Hill wo
like to bo tho Democratic candidate
the Presidency, as what American edi
would no.,? However, bo reali/.wi t
at the pr?sent time tho President is
strongest mun in his party and that
has tim "call" on thu nomination,
tim convention it will take a two-till
vote to nominate. Can Cleveland
that vote on tho first ballot? Tho 1
men say Hist he cannot, that tim d
gates who are opposed to him and tl
who go there to cost n compliment
vote for their local fav< rites will fori
sufficient number to prevent that. Il
cannot get tho nomination on tho hrs
second ballot ho st inda no furl
chance, as tho opposition to him
continue to grow. It will bu the I
against Grover Cleveland, and when
President's managers see that he cat
bo nominated they will look ronni
seo who is tho next strongest man. Il
friends will bc there in force und
question b? bo decided by tho Glove
men is shall Hill or an outsider be in
nated? Por many reasons they
profor Hill, tho word will go down
Cleveland lino to noiniuato Hill,
Hill will bo tho nominee of tim con
NO CLOTS FOE OOUNTRHrL-OTH.
It will bo seen tuen that Hm (love
and tho Presidont aro not plo
against each othor. Fach will give
Mipport to the othor acconling b>
way in whioh circumstances shape t
solves. Hp to a certain limit Gov.
will . o pi not tho Prohidont, but wli
becomes certain that tho Cleveland
has set thc Hill constellation will as
into sight. Governor Hill will i
have such another chanco as
Ho is now prominently before
people, and has all tho pn
whioh two terms as Governor
given him. Suppose ho should
again ami again bo ole?te d, ho co ul
very litUo to his reputation, while
ia always the danger of bia doing i
J thing which may without n mo?
warning utterly rtiiu his futuro political
career. Thou tho longer he remains in
ollico the moro danger ho runs of making
enemies among hin political adherents;
ho cannot distribute all tlie political
patronago that they think themselves
entitled to, und tho consequences will bo
(UsaffCOtl ?t> among the very men whose]
friendship is most desirable. On tho
other hand, should hu run again and bo
defeated tho result would be simply dis
astrous, and if at the end of his term ho
retires to private life, M> fast do men
grow in this country that in tour years
he may drop entirety out of sight. lt
would seem, then, with him that it is
either now or never, and tho < lovornor's
frionds realizo timi, fact very thoroughly,
wno winn rr BE?
AH it now looks to i to, I should say
that Orovcr ((loveland is still king benin
tho Demooratiohive. The President has
lost none of his popularity and ho is as
strong with the Indi pondon ts of New
Vork aud Massachusetts as ho over was.
The Independent vote will bo as necessa
ry to l icet ti.o Democratic nominee in
1888 as it was in 1881, and for that rea
son, as much as anything else, I look to
see 4?rover Cleveland tho Demooratio
standard bean r next Novoraber.
ST, ( h'.onoi:,
N i <;i:<> ^. ; M.lop ?. i lins.
^iv Colored Texan Mon Who Havo Knell
Inherited lilslit Million "oil.OK.
( Prom Hie Un Iveston News )
When tho Now Vork papers, a few
days ago, referred to N. NV. Cooney as
being tho wealthiest colored mau in
Texas, they had evidently not heard of
the Lincoln family now residing in Dal
las, si* children in all who have como
into possession ?>i ?18,000,000 giving
?hom tin snug littlo fortuno of $8,000,000
apiece. One of tlie heirs <d this ini
la? usc property is at present iu Calves
ton. A Nows roporter looked him up,
as much out of curiosity to seo ti negro
possessed ol such enormous wealth as in :
March of an it- Ul. The following item |
from a paper published in Paris, Texas,,
in connection with the tn formation that
ono of thc hoirs was m iho oity, is that I
whioh directe 1 tho o porter iu tho .icnrch. j
Tho Lincoln heirs (colored), living in
halla?, who, a year or BO ago became Ibo
wealthiest colored people in Ann nea,
have reooutly com in possession of ult
their property. Pho amount duo them
waa on deposit iu tho bank of longland,
and aggregated thu enormous sum of
$18,000,000. Forty-eight million dol !
lars! Phis has just been div! od among
tho heir? Abraham, lid, Burr, Mat,
Fannie sud Lulu each having recently j
received $8,000,000. Eight million dol-j
The party in th Iveston b mrs tho illus
trious cognomen ?d' Abraham Lincoln. I
Ito was traced to a colored hoarding]
house '?" Twenty-eighth street, between
Posto ll loo aud Church, but not being
found i u ho courteously responded toi
tho News man to call at bhooitlco, which i
he tiid lied night, coming in us meekly'
ns though ho wanted to borrow $1, in-j
.stead ot owning $8,000,000. Alu diam ; i
?young man, apparently not over :i.>
years of age, of u saddle-colored coin
ploxiou, and evidently a man of more
than tlie average ititolligoncc of his nico.
Ho has credentials, printed 1> Uer. heads,
etc., wherein ho is styled liovcrnor
Abraham Lincoln, showing him to bol
mauagor of tho ?? tate.
When asked hy wind means Mich ? nor- !
mona wealth had I eon acquired by Ids'
family, li?; replied tl at it was an inherit-1
?mee from his grandmother. Fanny j
KU is waa a Moxicau woman, and some
ferty years ago her husband acquired
numenso wealth ie speculation in .Mi .\ieo
nuning claim -, which was di posited in
tho bank of thlglnUd. Preceding thai
Into civil war tbej bought und soldi
slaves, ami among ono of their purchases
from a slave trader waa tho father ot' the !
six children who recently came iuto thu!
possession of tho $18,000,000. Tho fat lu r
married tho daughter <d bia mistress, j
by whom lie was.set free, and tho six ,
children, being tho direct issue of tUati
marriage, establish tho chain oi direct ;
inheritance. Sumo litigation was neces
sary in establishing their claim, and it
wau only a few days ago they acquired
tho actual possesbiou of their fabulous!
Abraham Lincoln i.-. here, us ho says, .
with a view of probably loouting in Cal- ;
When asked if ho had matured any
I plans for investing this v.et i state, liol
: replied that they lia i dcoidcd to invest i
: it all on January I In United Stutts;
bonds. Tho interest on tho bon is, ho j
! said, will givo thom more than enough
j to live on, with a good speculation with* <
: out touching the principal, it is ?iso ti i
safe investment, and carries with it un
immunity from taxation.
I he lino' ill ol Hie Mom li.
Tho Chattanooga TratUaman has coin !
piled statistics from thc i HW ?al reports |
chowing the growth O? coll?n and wool!
manufacturen lu thu Houthoru States in the
pusl seven years. Tho Increase in mills ia
thc South 11111)111; thal period waa Ho, <.,. .",1
percent.; of spindles 094,020, or 110 per
cent.; of looms li,7?14, or 20 per cent.
The increase hi each of the Southern Slates
separately in Ibo past BOVOII years, as com
piled by the Tradcnm m, was aa renown:
Alabama--Milla Increased 18 per cent.,
spindles HI per cent., lucina 70 par cent,
Georgia -.M?I-. 87 per cent., spindles 00
per cent , lo nna 81 per cent.
Mississippi- Mills 25 per cent., spindle*
158 per cont., looma lOOper ccnp
Maryland Mills 10 per cent., spindles 83
pei cent., hanni ll pereenl.
North Carolina- Milli lil percent , spin
dies 180 per cont., looms 220 percent.
South Carolina -Milla 107 per omi .
largest per cn?, hf ?nena o, spindles I HI
per Cont.) looms 05 per cent.
Tennessee--Mills ?'?per lent., spindles
188 per cont., tho hugest Increase; looma
185 per (cut.
Virginia- Mills 50 percent., spindles 85
pei cent., loom? 27 p r cent.
North Carolina lias today 80Cotton mills,
against 40 In ISTO; Tennessee 28 against 10
hi lH-<<); Georgia 55 against 40 in 1880; Vir
gilda 12 ngautyl 8 In 1880; Alabama 10
against ld lu 18?0; Arkansas added one
mill since 18S0; Kentucky 1, Louriana 1,
\| ippi 2, M o \ i . ; 8,
The total nuiriVr ot mills in thc Routh
today ia 210, nm! thc consumption nj ,aw
colton in 1880 and 1HH7 wns 401,452 hales
; against 815,002 in 1M84 and 1?85.
I "Doctor, when do you think a man
? weighs 'most?" asked a patient who was
> undergoing a courae of dietary treatment.
. "When he ateos on my coma," answered
UN1TKU AI nut MA'S V Y IO \ lt ?.
A Wedding Delayed Itecnuse tii?< Qrooin
was Wrongfully Convicted of Murder.
A special dispatch from St. Joseph
i i\Io. ) gays: A wedding o? moro iutorost I
than is usually attached lo ovents wkuvol
tim partios aro so littlo known occurred]
to-diiy about four miks WOSl of St.
Joseph, Tim contracting partios arc'
W. ll. Potter, living near Denvor, Col.,1
uud Mrs. Julia Crinum, who tor a few
years past hus m.ido ber home with her
brother, Henry Withers, in Doniphau
OOUUty, Kansai', . itotli the parties are
of middle UPC, ajid had iud boon one
auothor 'or years until a lev months UKO.
Win n they wen- children they weat to,
-chool together in Carroll county, li
Lucky, and when Potter was avon:.g mau
ol twonty-ouo yeats ami came Weal he
was betrothed to .Julia Withers, who
was Um bello of Ibo noighhprhood. !
Potter went first to Kansas, and thon to
the mountains, rcturuiug to visit his old
homo twice in live voara.
Ou the Inst visit it was agr< od that thc \
marriage should take place tin following
spring, by which time he hoped lo h IV(
onotlgh money to mako hill homo what
ho thought it should bo. lie returned
West and was not hoard ?rom tor years.
Some OHO who had known lina in the
mountains happoucd to pass through
his Koutuoky home and circulated thc
story of hisdeuth, founded upon a rumor
as it afterward app< aro i.
Hi? sweetheart mourned birany dead,
and in two years wedded a ri Val, frith
whom slit? lived happily for about eight
yens. Her husband died in lN.sf>, when I
she carno to Doniphau eouuly to make
her home with hor brother, I. iving tn?
nearer relatives in Kentucky. Her hus-,
hand L it her a considerable fortune, nu.i ,
as her forty years sa' lightly nj OH hor
she soon became the contri of au ad m ir- ?
iug eircle (d' friends.
A few months ugo Pott >r caine through
St. Joseph, quito accidentally, on ins
way to Chicago. Ho mel \\ ?thors at tin?
I nion depot, and, what most sin
gular, thc men knew euell other, lixpln
uatious followed, and Potter was ??riven
to tho pleasant country home of tho
Withers family. Ile unit his sweetheart
of aarly days, and the old lovo, willoh
iiad not ceased to burn in their laval:
through long year-, noon mode ihicH
h lt. Tin' courtship was opmmcue il
whero it lind been broken . D', aud tho
two wi e married, leaving this eveuiug
tor Mr. Potter'.-: home, near Denver.
The strange pail of lllO story is yet to
como. Potter, whilo working ii? tho
mines, Inn', been accused of murdering
his partner. Not being able to establish
Ins innocence at tim trial, ho was con
victed, and tho sentence commuted to
Imprisonment for lifo, several good
rea-ons ^appearing for this, l oo proud
lo inform Ina sweetheart or family of his
disgrace, he dal not, write mi) loiters
holm: about it. tho story of ii:" crime
did not rcaeh them. Tim murder was
committed iu a now claim which Pott t
and his partner hi d just bc? oj to work
in New at?xico, and it was not known
hero what par' of tin- I i-st ho had como
from. After ho han o n in prison
nearly live years a man who was to ho
hanged made u confession clearly i ? : b
lishing Potter's innocence, nnd ho was
relearned, lie weal a', once to Ghent,
Ky., but found bia intonded bride was
another's. Without making hine di'
knowu In? left tia place aud amassed a
cousiderablo fortuno by speculation.
Hu was on Iiis way to Chicago to dispuso
of .some property when ho acoldontly
nu t his oki schoolmate, Henry Wither-,
in St. Joseph.
A in r fir TllOIMC HO UN Kin.
?ll mi nt ni II anil I'mi'st lu lim KIcnriiRimit
(Kr..m tin- New v.. k Hornill Loiter.)
Passing out of tlio mouth of tim Han
.I nan, tim ni.un stream is reached where
the waters of the Cano do Animas, open
ing to the southward, sparklo ami shim
mer iu Hie morning suv, whilo dense
masses of dark mango trees, interspersed
with scarlet passion dowers, follow the
serpentino v? indinga of the tiver ns if cut
and frailad by tho hand of man. On
either : ide ot' thc entrance wild tama
rindo, tho noblet! trees m a Nicaraguan
forest, form giant portals to thc lands of
earthquake:) and volcanoes.
As we ascend the river and thc forests
bi .onie douser and darker countless
par?sitos ontwiuo themselves in tho mos!
lubricate and fantasia: manner around
tho topmost branches of tim highest
treen aud aro lost in mystifying knots
marthe watt r's edge. Doll With their,
bright alni pu tty k au s can lu*seen the
withered branohos of the dead trees,
which they clasp in au embrace e.s fatal,
as it is fond, for tim parasite loves "not'
wisely, bul too well."
(Skirting close lo tia bank, w here the
feathery plumes of tin- white crane wave ?
in tho balmy air we escape lim full'
strength of tho current ami n alizo to
tho flt Heat our early dreams ol a ride
tropical feg talion. On tim bough:, of
I tall laurel trees, whioh forra u kind of
I canopy over the river, whit!? and black
I faced monkey:, cooby ait and Bltrvoy tis;
I while birds of rare ami exquisite plum*
Iago, whose wild, liquid notes ure thc
j birthright? of a tropical forest, regard un
j with WOUdor and awe. \ow a huge alli
gator, batiking in tho sunshine, oilers a
large but invulnerable target to tim rille,
.uat tho puddle wheel startles ? manat?
or river cow resting quietly in tho mud.
The foliage becomes denser, laing Un
drila dip their thirsty 8 tem fl into thc
sluggish water, forming au impassible
network. Just as you begin to wonder
how it in possible to continue tho jour
ney, a sudden oend shows tim broad ex
panse of the river, with low sacnti grass
cn either side*.
Vori,* $50 0IH? Hin jr.
YoitK. PA., January 80.- Tho largo
building occupied hy the York Daily Pub
lishing Company pu a minting oflleo, I). H.
Welsh, Clothier,'nod lt. V. Polack, jew
eler, was bin neil this morning al an emly
hour, The the is believed to have been nf
incendiary orlglO, and w hen di even d had
in ide considerable headway In one of thc
. lower rooms nf the printing ellice. The
extreme cold weather iidetfi red materially
with tho efforts to subdue thc Haines mid
Hie lin: burned with Stubbornness until the
entire building was gutted except thu jew
i'll , sloro, involving u loss of |o0.000( pu
tinily covered hy insurance. The Daily
will bo Issued tomorrow morning from the
press and typo of tho Agc.
Eminent station* moko groat mon more
gnat and little ones lee?.
."UOL'I.TO.WS DKA.T1I III KI'S SIIKHMAN.
A CliHitter ?f K?*?ir??i I'ollllcul lllatury
How Uurjlehl Won.
(Frbui (uti N?:W Vork Sun.)
Tho death of Colbuol Moulton, John
Sherman's brother-in-law, tnakoa fresh a
?hapter of political incidents that hus
uovor yet soon tho light of day, nud ro
tnnihs for tho future political historian
to pul upona priutcd page. Said a Ite
puhlicau politician yesterday: "Moulton
v/au ? mun of great dooii Lon and sagacity,
arid .h'iin ! : i man in Badly crippled in
tho outset of bi? Presidential canvass by
bis death; Moulton waa rosily the nu
witting canse o? (iarlloUVn nomination
iu IS8?), Ile Was tho oho oonnooting
link botwci ii thc plot that hud been
:;oinj< on in Ciarttcl l's favor and thc op
porl inity In tho Chicago Couvonlion
which oom pleb ly tfp3ct all combinations
and reorystalizctl the strougth of thc
Anti-Giant mou around ono Btaudard
bcarer. Early in May <>l issn .fohn]
Sherman, then Bccrotnry of tho treasury
m II lyes Cabinet, made a little Saturday
visit to Philadelphia, ostensibly to look
nver thc customhouse, hut really to set
np 1 is political boom. Ono of tho
foulures ol the visit was ft ride down the
Schuylkill in company with u number of'
prominent Philadelphiaus, amoug them
Whait >ii Barker and his garrulous sire.
Oki Harker happened to sit ut Sherman's
liai baud, aud, hinging lu* tongue hi
t middle as thu boat p isbcd out from
thu wharf, the honevolout <>M gentleman
kept ft wagging at both ends until she
bumped tho pi? r nguiu ou b< r nauru.
" 'Alf. Sherman, I should like to soo
yen President,' said old Barber, 'but
my eon Wharton thinks Jim Oarlleld is
t. best man wo eua put up. So does
W'.u nu MacVongh.'
"At this time Garfield's mime had
no! been mentioned by anybody in any
quat tor, publicly, in couuectiou with th?
Presidency. Ile waa the lender of his
party in tho House, mid hud before him
tim prospect of bocoiuing Speaker, ii he
chose h> ace? pt the place. Pot haps if it
had not been for old Hark? r's rem.:rk h<
would have been Speaker instead ol
Ken T in tin' Iforty-sevunth Congress.
What oki mon Hark* said si t John
Sherman t-j thinking and bo bad scvoral
consultations with his brothordn-law,
Moulton, about it. Leodora were put
out around Onni le, hut be could not
bo caught, ii'' .! midi uniformly tl..it
he had e\< i thought of becoming a eau
didtltc, and thc oul? thing ho said that
could bo construed into a betrayal of his
ambition ?usa . mark that be made on
one oceash a as li i dismissed the sub
ject, 'Oh, there') timo enough for that
by ami by,' W in n Sherman wanted to
h.ivo ti.ist? ld himself m ike his a? utiuu
ti >n speech for himself (Sherman) before
Baying a word t<> (lartlold he talked it
over with Moulton.
.. 'i iii. yes; havo Garfield by jill
menus,'" said Moulton, 'if ho hat anj
designs on his own account it will tic
him up beautifully.'
..So Sherman a'sk'od ( Jar Held to m.the
the nominating speech. Car Held, in
turn, \v?:i wary about accepting, lie
bad by this tinto become a little set up
by tho ' iiKgCbtioiin of ... number of mar
plot , and begat; to think ho might boa
dark horsoin tin convention. Ho toidi
his Irieiids that Sherman bad asked him j
to make tho nomiu ding speech, and he
liad taken a litt lo tinio to ionsider tho
matter, lt is u.iiieoossary to mention]
with whom Oarlleld llually consulted,
but tho advice was: a... ahoad Jitid ne
ccpl. Make your speech, and wo will
sec to the rh k.' I'll it was tho ?rst small
clou ! on hem Shorinait's horizon, tiien
po biggi r than a mue'-, hat, hut destined
in a short month t" Bw?ll into n whirl
wind ?>i defeat. Oarlleld accepted it,
and in timo no fact will bo nene certain
iu history than th it tin famous opening
sentence of hi? speech WHS entirely a
.mutter of pr? arrang) ru nt History may
bo ransacked tor ti ti mr dovetail ?>f din
ning with ouuuhtfj than i?.?r?i ild'sspcoch
and tho work ol his friends in tho gulle-j
ri v i*1 !he eotiVi Utioi) hud.
.' '\\ m. shall ho your candidate?' said
Garfield with his lust breath as he stood
bel re that grunt mass of mon, and then
tho galleries answered, shouting back as
welt tin: roar of tho sea: .Oarlleld! ci.tr
?*'Tho fioeno can never ho forgotten,
it was as ii ii ohild had touohed thc I
olootria button that .should hurl the)
world into ebaos nguiu. All that Oar-]
ii? hi sui.! was that siin j ?li? little setite.nce,
'Who shall bo your oaudidate?' and
lb. .. isaatlM ?>f mott took it up as the sig
uni ?>i hi* consent and connivance in the
plot tv ninko hirnsoll that oaudidate. lt
it hud not been 1er Colonel Moulton's
unlucky advico to John Sherman, Gar
He'd couhl ind have touched thc electric
button that convulsed the convention
au?l threw into chaos thu several fnc
tio..s that stood opposed like strong
annies on the battle llold."
^% hiiki <i \N ni. Moll H l.itnd.
Nineteen yenr old .Jacob llollenbcrgor,
of Kc din);, l'a , Is slowly starving lunn a
peculiar ca use, I. ) (Ililli two mont hs aga
lie wu ? mai rind I ? ? worthy young woman
I of thal city. Ih wenl to Philadelphia,
where he obtained work in a stove foundry.
I While engaged hi carr) he a ladle tilled With
I molten Iron soma one dropped n piece of
jcild inn: in thc (lllid. All explosion fol
lowed, Uollonborgor was ht such a posl
lion that II (piiuulh >f red hot iron entered
his mouth ucl Bud down his throat and
tlii ic it cooled oil and low Kin; ins hi li
fixed position, near thc entrance to the
stomach, Ila is finable tn cai any food.
Ho h is heen kopi alive hy m tilt liai means,
hui is slowly ami surely starving to death
Wiri ti in uood health ho Wi Ighcd 140
putt mis, He has now booti reduced lo (i">
pounds and is literally nothing but skin
and hones. Ills appeals for fetal aro heart
rending, hm hi- i i tillable to get anything
down his throat beyond a certain point.
His hu.h- .1 a few weeks ls faithfully at
tending lo his wnnU.-Philadelphia Tunis
Pl I NOS \ \n Ultu \ Wt.
Wo aro prepared to m ll I'ianoa and
OrgauH of the host make at factory
prices for Cash or cany Instalments.
Pianos from $210 up; Organs from 821
up. Tho verdict ot tho people is that
they can save the freight and twenty-five
nor iv nt,, hy buying of us. Insi ruinent;
delivered to any dopot on fifteou days'
trial. Wo pay freight both ways if not
satisfactory. Order and test in you?
own homos, ltcspeotfully,
N. W. THUMP,
* Columbia, 8. 0.
? -- " ? i .???? - -
It i& estimated that 100,000 tons of lo
1 will be cut on tho reuobscot this season,
ii i liif ? f JTMBUT^
1(1 I.I. N V K AND lill; VltKSIDKNT.
The Orea! Author ]II?lily IMonHcd With
?Ur. Cleveland's simplicity.
WASHINGTON, January 81.-President
blevclaud to-day received two distin
guiskud guest** at tho White House-Bill
Nye and ("hurlen Dickons. Thoy wero
in trod need to tho President by Major
.J. I J. Pond. Presideut Cleveland ac
corded them a. private interview in tho
Ked boom. At it? close ho personally
osoortod his callers all through tho Ex
ecutive Mansion, explaining the different
rooms and giving a succinct history of
each. Dill Nye's modesty shono on the
occasion as conspicuously as his bald
hoad. Ho was delighted with tho re
ception, lu speaking of it afterwards
"1 was never moro agreeably disap
pointed iu any ouo mau thau I was with
Nie. Cleveland.. Ile is truly a flue man.
What surprised me above all things was
his thorough simplicity, unaffectedness
and frankness. 1*or a man holding his
position ho is asto.lishingly ingenuous,
it ? J seldom that 1 rab my knees against
greatness, ami I have seen so httlo of
the world uud the great thiugs in it that
1 was at ii loss to talk to tho Presidout
in that free mal easy way that 1 desired
and that he would have appreciated. 1
lound to-day the truth ol tho remark
mude by some great mun in tho hazy
past tiiat the mau who can say a smart
thing to-day cannot say a smart thing
to-morrow. After 1 left the President
I there wen: a 'great ruauy smart things
Hooding my mind, as it were. If I could
'.;!; have thought of them at the proper
time I know tho President oud myself
would havo hacia pleasanter time. 13ut
'< r tho moment I WHS tongue tied."
( Ithers who were present, howover,
tell ii different tale. They say that
William captivated the President at tho
outset by bis < plaint witticisms, ami that
tho interview was prolonged by Mr.
Cleveland the more to enjoy bill's origi
AN HNOI.IsO OPINION.
1'lie If,tiled S tnt rs tu l>? the I,entier In Arin
ami Kvnrythlng Kltttt,
(Knau HieNuW York Hornill.)
Prof. Hubert Herkomer, had a dis
tinguished audience this evening, ut tho
u ryal Institution in Albermarle street,
I,.edon, to bear what ho had to say
about los visit te tho United States. He,
however, advanced little that hud not
been said or written heretofore. Ho laid
particular < mphsais upon what ho called
thu "pronounced individualism of Amer
icans as compared with Europeans." He
waa impo sted with their keen, nervous
ti ruporumout, keen intelligence and
their ion bit n in to excel.
"lhere must be," hesiod, "something
in tho air to induce, this very pronounced
di Her?tico of character. Indeed, 1
noticed that Koglishnion residing in
I New York became quiokor and thought
ii.ore- rapidly and accomplished moro
than whee living iu Kiiglaud."
He specially dwelt upon "tue Ameri
can skill in physiognomy." Speaking of
soci il matters, ho commented upou tho
fud that "a stranger did not seem to ho
tc! tod, but was either welcomed every
, ru immediately or else was uot wel
comed at nil.
WI most impressed Prof. Herkomer
was tho surprising progress in architec
ture, Comparing tho now with tho cuni*
punitively old, hu says: "Tho host typos
of aiehii oct tiro in thc Oid World uro
accepted um! are really tho best found in
America. In the making o? national art
architecture comes lirst in consequence,
next sculpture, then puiuting.
"In tile schools of art to-day the best
productions are by American students.
I'hey do not como to (lieut Britain,
though, but vi.^it France and Italy."
Prof. Herkouacr concluded hy averring
thal America would become tho leader
of art iu tue nations, as of nearly every
thing oleo, Tho word "nearly" seemed
to f ?euro tho Professor his applause, for
the audii nco did not altogether relish his
his once in linns.
ii ri. i b\ roils i\ roi.i.KTOV
i la- i ulawful Destruction ol ti liroaaroada Uar
WAI.TKUUOUO, January 27.-Tho ilu
grunt violation of the law lu Collctoli
county s regan is i he illicit barrooms which
can he fourni in utmost any corner of the
unity, isa mibjcct of general comment,
und public senti ment, ns on all such suit
jccts, is much divided. AncfTorl was made
(lining tho last session of the Legislature te
allow license ft)stein, bul thu Representa
tives were ii|iiully divided, and the bill
weal by for in Hiting. Now, the evil hus
ii it boen nb.(ted, lind the Ml 11 ft 11 si/.ed cross
ronds barrooms oro growing in number anti
pay hu; not a cent ol revenue into the conn
To some communities tho system an it
HOW stands [Aexceeding odious, and bereis
Hie way Ikey ul mt?: lite nuis.mee over in St.
George's Parish, C dicion County. Mr. (J.
Albert beach, of St. bartholomew's Parish,
opened across the Kills to river in Si.
(Jcorge's Parish, sometime in December
l et. a nourishing Utile bar on (horoadside,
Tho proprietor waa immediately served
wiih tho notice Anonymously timi it would
he best tor him to eh.se hy January 1. To
.ii- no attention was paid, and tho roadside
"resort" continued lo llotirish until exton
minuted hy a li ti I of masked regulators on
just Monday night.
Mr. BeCch says thal about ll o'clock st
night shout twenty nun well disguised
caine up lo hi. har and lillee of thc mun
lier se -cd the derk; O. W. Shaw, nnd
forcibly carried bim a hundred yunis oft
and detained hiia until thc hand fl nulled
tittil unlawful net of destruction.
The regulators Hu n took thc law in their
own hands, destroying his United States
license and breaking In the heads of two
barrels and Dirac kegs of whisky, tearing
? IT thc sides ead front of thc building. Aa
a reward for their unlawful exertions they
carriel! off about two (punts of whisky
each They dill not, contine their depreda
tions alone lo the liquor, but also carried
H ly a box of cigars, a pistol and aline
This took pince in the samo ncightmr
hood that was visited by u similar hand
who cul Hp a cern Held last year. In all
. probability those regulators tito tho samo
i band, and believe alike in free cows and
I free whisky.
In ls cowardice to wish t-> get rid of
. everything which wo do not like. Hiek
ness and sorrow only exist to further man's
education In this world. Thoy will not bo
needed in the future,
Men say moro evil of women than they
? think, lt is contrary with women towards