Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
lile) IIUINUK ? trlAKljJi.
AN ABLE EXPOSITION OF THE
DUTIES OF GRAND JURORS.
The Advice niul Suggestions Ol' Judge
Wlliluin If. Wallace nt ?he Feb?1 ti
tivy Terni tSBH, nt 1,aureus, S. <'.
lloportod Expressly foe The Advcs*
tlHcr by Slenogrnltor haw.
Mr. Foreman and Gentlemen: It
luis long hoon the custom in this
State, ns it was tho custom in timi
country from which wi; derivo tho
usage of our courts of justice, for
presiding judges in our Courts of
General Sessions while instructing
tho (Jrand Jury ns lo tho peculiar
Hature of their duties in connection
with thc Court, to address thc pub
lic through tho (?rand Jury upon
topics connected with tho public
administration and with tho means
of tiio promotion of tho general
Welfare. This was not required ns
an ofllcial duty; but tho custom
and tho object extenuate tho prac
This morning, however, I do not
feel disposed to observo the general
custom, and 1 propose to limit my
self to a very brief exposition of tho
nature of your duties us a Grund
Jury strictly and with tho modes
of thoir performance. This duty
is not imposed upon tito presiding
judge by law, because you are take!?
from tho body of the county, from
tho varions vocations and human
pursuits, and aro presumed not to
bo familiar with tho technical
methods which tire required in
Courts of Justice in tho perform
ance of your ofllcial duties. It is,
therefore, made the duly of tho
Jud ?-o by tho law to explain to you
Whet your duties are, ami bow they
aro to bo performed.
The J migo then gave a terse ex
planation of tho duty of the Grand
Jury ?ti passing upon the bills of
DKLIItKUATIONH TO UK S KC K KT.
There is another rule and ntl im
portant one in connection with Hie
deliberations of the Grand Jury.
If you observe closely you. oath
you will .nee that it is emphasized
there "your own counsel and your
fellows' counsel you shall safely
keep." What docs it mean ? You
have sworn that-all of you, that
you will keep your own counsel
and tho counsel of your fellows In
tho Grand Jury room, lt means
that tho deliberations of the Grand
Jury arc to constitute an inviolable
sccrol. Nobody, stated as a gener
al rule, must be II ade aware of
what transpiros in the Grand Jury
room; how any man votes; what
his opinion ls; what be says in dis
cussing the parties or tho credibil
ity of witnesses. You have sworn
that no statement, that no ofllcial
action of a Grand Juryman In tho
Jury room connected with your de
liberation shall bo rando public,
not at this torin-it does not mean
that, no limitation hero j but forev
er and forever, ns long as timo
lasts. Tho petit jury don't take
any such oath. You do. You have
taken lt. Now, why ? There is no
rule, gentlemen, of tho common
law for which there is not a wiso
reason, if wc over can get down to
lt. It is tho grandest system for
tho Administration of haman jus
tice that ever was Invented by hu
man ingenuity. And I am bound
to think that tho fart bei wc depart
from Its rules tho more apt wo are
to full Into error and Injustice.
But, ns I have already said to you,
you aro not to reveal tho secrets of
your Grand Jury room. And why?
Simply because you aro charged
with tho most sacrod and respon
sible duties. You aro clmrgeti
With tho rights of your fellow man,
willi his character and with Iiis
respectibilily, than which what
1 can moro seriously nt?ect him In
this world? Tho law d?sires to
: surround you with all tho agencies
and appliances that will leave your
Judgment free and absolutely free
and unbiased by any consequences
or considerations of consequonccs
that may ensue to you outside of
the Jury room in conseqitopco ol
your conduct there. Thia Grand
Jury ls a descendant, of grand ju
ries that woro instituted centurie;
ngo. The original reason for tho
Instituting of tho Grand Jury was
Lto intcrposo a protecting agency
?between absoluto power on one
hand and tho right of tho people
upon tho other. When absolute
rulers, governed by caprice or
whim, or tho influence of those
who woro operated upon .by those
considerations, took any citizen by
force of arms and put htm In tho
Jail und charged him with crime
and pul lum upon bis trial, there
was u revolt in tho race which ab
horred such Injustice and tho Cl rand
dury wai interposed, and tim law
mudo that only those shall bo bold
in custody that tho (?rand Jury
says shall bc tried. They did not
mean whoo thal oath was devised
that tin1 action of any single grand
juryman should bo subject to tho
ca| rico of him who exorcised pow
er, nor that tho grand juryman
should possibly apprehend injuri
ous consequences to himself if ho
should pul himself in opposition to
the wishes of power; and they
said, therefore, that bo must swear
that every thing that transpired in
tho jury room should bc an inviola
ble secret. Th?; king on his throne
bas no right to extort it from him,
und that was the origin:;! reason
of tho Institution of Hie oath.
Even lie, in tin; country where
kings reign, hus no right to demand
from ?i Grand Juryman "what did
you say 7 What did you do? Did
you uphold my purpose in your
transactions as a Grand Juror?"
ot u LAWs AUK WHITTEN,
You have other duties that are
very important. That large biol?
lying lhere contains tho statutes ot
South Carolina. Thal contains thc
rules by which tho local govern
ment in 1.aurons County is organ
ized-not ?inly Laurens County but
the government of South Carolina
through nil its branches, executive,
legislativo and Judicial. They ure
all organized right there lu that
Constitution and S tal utos. Gov
ernment is necessary; we all con.
cede that. It ls not noce sary to
argue that. As long na mau is
m.in, ii;-.til th;; inilionitim comes,
Wv; must have sonni sort of govern
ment here in order that those who
ure disposed to transgross upon the
rights of others may bc restrained
and Hie right ol' the weaker upheld,
in order to administer govern
ment men must have power. You
have the power. You have got it
righi now, Gentlemen of tho Jury,
to p?ns upon the right of these peo
ple to be tried. You must bu able
to say, "This must bo done and
that shall not be done." That au
thority is given to tho officers of
the State by the law ami when
they exercise it within thu limits
of the law the whole material pow
er of the State is behind thom t?
enforce their demands and theil
commands. Their duties are laid
down there in timi hook, lc pay*
what they must do and by impli
cation says What they must not do
Now, you know human nature.
Tlie frost ol winter bus fallen upoi
tho hoads o? some of you. Yoi
know when man has power lie i:
apt to abuse it. Il be has powo
over bis fellows by long habit am
uso be is apt VJ exercise lt vigor
ously; when dominated by tempe
or wrong Impulses, or ii thousuni
other causes, be is apt to abuse il
Men in ofAco exercising olllciii
power are apt to abuse it; the his
tory of Hie world is full of exam
DUTY TO FIND I lt lt KU U I. A KIT I KS,
The reason for tho Institution t
tho Grand Jury that I have Jus
given you ls an example of it.
Whero a king upen bis throne OJ
ercising absolute power was won
to oppress ids subjects. So by rei
son of that tliis country is lutppil
free from a dominion of that sor
j and it appoints its ofHcers for go*
eminent and prescribes its rules I
tho Statute book thal I told you o
making them responsible for the
doodv. Whorothere IsmiscondlK
oppression, Injustice, mlsfoasanc
or malfeasance, 1 lion Hie law pr
vides that they shall bo punlsho
it ls, therefore, the duty of tl
Grand Jury to sci? whether or m
the dublic administration of tl
affairs of tho County is conduct!
according to the requirements
tho law. It gives you an Inqult
torlal or a vlsltorial power overtl
Sheriff, Clerk, mid all other office
wdio assist lu administering tin; 1
ternni affairs of the County, Who
tlioro has boen misconduct In <
lice; where Ibero ls a violation
law; where there ls oppression
the exercise of power and nutho
ty, tho Grand Jury is tho pro|
person to timi it out and when th
do Hud it out tiley caft tho atti
(ion of thu Solicitor to it, snyiti
"Hero ls tho fact; hero aro tho w
ncsses to provo it;" and bo
chargeable under law with bril
lng that officer to trial. Upon i
othorhuml whore nu officer han
fa i th ful and ofllolontly dlsehrrged
Ids duty, li?; ins rights just us. posi
tivo upon thu ono hand us tin; pub
lic huvo rights upon tho other.
As tho public hus tho right to pun
ish him loi* failure to di se h nogo bis
duly or for misconduct in ollie",
when his m il tor.; of administration
have been examined by '.bc Grand
Jury ho has a right io nd; from tho
Grund Jury timi th \v sh ill tell the
public be has (llsellUlged hi* du
ties according to law and faithfully
and for tho good of thepublie.
Thoro ls no Incentivo to well doing
that ls so positiv*? in ?ts Influence
ns tho approval anil applause of
ones folio W-CitixoilS when ho bus
discharged and performed u publie
A HAPPY EXEMPTION.
If you should lind anything
wrong in thc county oiilecs you
should report it. Ilappilv for
South Carolina that very seldom
happens. Wc lion1 in South Carn
elian have u happy exemption
from those lapdcs from duty und
from right und from thc common
rules ot honesty lo a very grout
extent that unfortunately prevail
in other sections of tin; country.
Thal can bc promoted by tho
Weight of puV.lie opinion; nm!
where public opinion should prove
inefficient lo accomplish Unit an.I
when tho demands of Un? public
require (hat honesty of administra
tion shall elia rae ter i/.o the conducj
of Its public officers omi that con
demnation and infamy is the pun
ishment fora failure to .attain to a
successful end in that direction, ii
ls then nnd only (lion Holt Iho DOW'
cr and agencies ol' tho law arv' in
voked to bring actual physical
pain as a restraint by punishment
lt KS PONS l HI h IT Y LASTS A Y li AK.
NoW| you aro tin' (lrami Jur.v
for thc winde year, three terms.
This is tho Spring term; you un
tho Ci rand Jury mon for the sum
mer terms und until another drain
Jury ts i m pan iud led mil sworn;
ami during nil that (imo m y an
ofllciul capacity Hus responsibility
rests upon you; you aro churgci
with the duty as thc representa
lives of tho people, organized ac
cording to law, of making your
solves acquainted w ith tho publh
administr?t ?on, und seeing that I
is cflicicnt and faithful.
I NEO KM Kits EVIDENCE OF DECAY
I don't know bow it hi in Lau
rons, bul it is not infrequent ii
some parts of tin; .State for com m ll
mentions to bo addressed to tin
Grund Jury, advisin ; thom tba
certain violations of thc law hav
taken place or aro taking place ii
certain parts of the commuuity.
Now, the Grand Jury is not a di
lectivo agency to go around hun!
lng uy crimo asking for informs
Hon about violations of tho law.
It is always un evidence of docu
when informers swarm. Thei
shold be in a free ami manly con
mundy nu ncrossily lor informer
RVOry citizen should feel tb
weight of the responsibility of cit
zenshlp to that extent that wolli
roqtllre him in the discharge ol li
duty us such to bring to punis!
incut violators of tho law. Tl
law is tho only ruler wo have.
Is our klug; und if we desire tb:
penco and good should bc proser
. ?], that everybody should bc seen?
in person and property, then v
should lend nil tho vigor to In
that is necessary to accomplish th
desire. That ls <lo:u> simply 1
awaking tho agency of iii . In
whenever its terms ure violated.
It is not necessary that I sh ni!
elaborate this Idea, every Intel
gent mun cnn seo it.
RB8PON8IIIILITV OF ( ITTZF-Nsii i
If it is desired to develop o
free Institutions and to make pro
orty secure under our laws, th
force and efficiency and vlg
should be given to tho law a
when lt ls violated it should
invoked to vindic?te itself a
protect tho commun'ty; nnd eve
good citizen should feel that r
ponslblllty upon him us a eilis
beean e bo is ll oitl/.oil. bOCUUSO
is n free citizen, because ho ll'
in a land of law, in order Hutt fr
dom and (hose laws may be per
tratet' to bis children und to
posterity indetlnitcly Hint tho 1
should bo enforced sind Invoked
all occnslons. There should he
accusation outside of thc law,
action outside of tho law, when
1 er that is done tho law is weak
led; lt ls thrown into conlcm
' and when tho law is weakened i
thrown Into contempt every citizen
is injured in his person anti in hi>
properly, because th? provisions
for his protection and lor his secu
rity aro weakened. Suppose, now,
the law was deficient in vigor, was
not able to vindicate itself, wai not
able lo preservo (lin peace of Hie
community and tho security of per
sons, was col able to punish crime.
LUT TUE LAW VINDICATE ITSELF
What is the necessary conse
quence? If tho law is not able to
. lo it, thou there ls general insecu
rity of person and property; ami it
is (lie history of tho world that
when ever there is general inse
curity of person and property there
are organizations for mutual pro
tection which become the most
domineering and horrible, tyrants
in Hie world; and the only refuge
for tho community from such or
ganisations ii to put the govern
ment in (lie hands of ono man and
make him responsible for (?ie wel
fare of person and property in tho
community. The republic drifts
into the hands of a monarchy and
a despotism Just in proportion ns
the law is weakened and rendered
insecure for tho protection of per
son and property. Ko w hen ver a
citizen goes outside of tho law for
the vindication ot rights, just lo
Hint extent he is taking a step to
wnrds the destruction of flic free
inst if ut ions of (be cou nf ry in
which lu* lives. Lot lilni invoke
Hie law, lid him demand the rigor
ous enforcement of the law if be
desires to live under institutions
that our fathers aeliolved for us,
knowing belter (han we do bow
valuable (hey are. Not only so,
but will-never a citizen (ravels out
side of (lie law, combines with oth
ers for tho OIlforcenK .' of what be.
supposes (o li<? a sort ol' irr.-gular
right, pushes Hie law aside, be
commits a crime himself. lu pun
ishing crime he perpetrates a
cl ime. Sn >os," men should baud
together for the purpose ?d' (hiving
human lifo outside of the law, and
in pursuance of (heir pur poso they
actually do take human li:"** wita
out a trial provided according to
the method provided by the whole
community. What is Hie nature
of tho act they commit? Did yon
ever think of it ? They have wil
fully, intending to do i!, shed hu
man blood, taken human life, and
thai, gentlemen, is the description
of murder. Who, when he pauses
(o think, will stain his soul with
Hear IliCSO filings in mind; they
may conic lo you sometime and
cause reflection that might not
have come without this suggestion.
I take it, of course, Hint you ure
ropresonlative citizens of tho coun
ty, else yon would mit be there.
As representative citizens of the
county I have nddrcssed these re
marks to you in relation to your
spociflc duties ns Qrand Jurors and
have added this much, without or
iginally Intending lo do it, with
regard to your general duties as
i iii I Arpon Pensions.
There Will never be any real na
tional peace und brotherhood in
(his country until our soldiers ure
pensioned too, and put on nil equal
fooling. Like the obi fellow and
bis bull, we cnn pass ?Mid repass,
but there will be no affectionate
familiarity. Hack pay and arrears
will havo la ?co mo and slander will
have lo slop. Our boys did just as
much fighting as they did. It was
a family quarrel that the north bad
boon bringing on for fifty years.
Wc didn't want to light, nohow.
Wo just wauled to dissolve tho
pattlicrshlp mid be let alone, and
they wouldn't l it us alone. They
invaded us on our own territory,
and we never did put a hostile foot
upon theirs lint once, and then WO
found their lands ponied and in
st rude rs warned off ai ld no shoot
ing allowed, and so we didn't stay
very long nilli caine back with nine
ri ty. Wo tin light WO had some
stato rights, but. they said we
didn't. Wo think so yid, and may
be they will think so too, BOOiior
or later. WllOtl congress takes pro
tection ofl'ol lumber, .Maine will be
lighting mad. When wool ls made
free, Ohio will shoot Off her mouth
if she didn't hor guns. Obi Hill
Young was a powerful union man
until Sherman came ulong and
took his corn and bidder, n nd mules,
mid cattle und didn't pay nor stop
to give ft receipt, nor say ''I'm min n
obliged to you, Upele Hilly," but
Just went oh like bo didn't live
there, und tlien begot desperate
and called fur bis gnu and swore
he'd bo dadblasted If ho light'em
forever and ever before he'd be
hornswngglcd in any such way.
A WORD FOR LAURENS.
HiNTS TO THF. BUSINESS MEN
AND ALL WHO WISH TO UNITE
TO PUSH OUr.' TOWN
OVER THU HILLS.
Tho wondrously wiso mid Provi
dential .lt lor of nil creation, of all
wp;os, han assuredly blessed our
town. Deuce hcmticth from the
countonunco of our people, brigid
anticipations illuuiinnto our event
ful career, and new fields of indus
try und avenues to business causo
us lo press onward undaunted by
tho overwhelming billows of the
past. Lc us (ding lo Hope and Per
severance ns our wnteh-WordH, and
with the sumo wondrous wisdomic
guidance wo will "get there" ero
our spring-timo ?if life scarce bo
o'er. Laurens is blessed with n sa
lubrious climnfc. 1 almost wonder
how our kind M. Ik's subsist. If it
were not for their immense wealth
they must needs migrate to a more
!..Mirons can boast of faithful
journalism, ('ol. Tom Crews, who
luis held Hu; Jleral'l to the 1 roOJiO
for moro than a score of years with
unswerving ability and irrcprouoh
ublo Integrity, und since w ith thc
assistance of bis (dil cien I and saga
cious colleague, Col. ll. c. Watts,
continue to frown down tho wrong
ami mike crooked paths straight
with honoi to their profession.
While oui-daring young journalist,
Mr. J. C. Uurlington, the founder
and proprietor of TIM; LAI K:.NS
?l> VK KT I.S Kit, stands lint-footed
lind lev.'MUM led af tb . helm of his
journal, fearless ol' thc onslaught
of d es pol s and for justice and right,
ns courageous lo defend us wen- tho
gloriously bravo lilli;* bund ol Spur
in na nt tho pass of Thormopylie.
If Mr. Cl, Ind hi ^ way we would
soon havo a city. 1 ."l us profit by
his opportune suggestions und press
with greater vigor on.
('addi the m mt u Tuc tu ri ng fever!
Our Industries ure numerous, mid
scores of them could bo mentioned
which can bc proven largely profit
able mid shown lo (lourish from the
material ?md products of our ('.nin
ty. Cities uri' built by ru 11 roads and
manufactories, ?ind sustained by
agricultural bucking. Laurens lins
tho railways and ?ts substantial ag
ricultural surroundings as any com
munity. Why not have thc manu
factories? At present Laurens is
tho most oligiblo town in upper
South Carolina. You can approach
herat lightning spoOd from North,
Hast, South and West. Her facili
ties for (hung a iorgo business are
unoxcollcd, und aro developing new
realities every day. She is tho cen
ter of ?i groat agricultura] wheel,
tho bub-tho attraction of seven or
moro prosperous counties, constitu
ting Hu! spokes in this mighty
wheo! of commerce, whose, trudi;
pours into our market as constantly
as tho seasons come, filling tho
collers of ber wide-awake business
mon-a remuneration for tho in
dustry and push displayed.
Her mendiants arc thc equals of
of any city for intelligence, sobri
ety, sagacity and general business
capacity. Como to our town in tho
fall mid winter und you will im
agine yourself amid tho great
Northern marts of trade. Wagons
laden with cotton and people from
seven counties united and engaged
in trafile. On every sido can bc
heard Hit! cheerful notes of thc lui/./,
of business. Visit our Depots. At
tho Old Reliable you will observe
merchandise of every description
consigned to Clinton, Uoldvlllo;
Kinnrds and Jalapa from our en
terprising merchants. Cross to the
O.J Ii. ?V. B, Depot and you will find
tho accommodating Agent busy
writing bills of lading and receipts
for goods, such ns corn, Hour, bacon,
bogging and ties, hardware, stacks
of furniture and dry goods from
our wholesale merchants to con
signees ulong tho (J., L. & S. OiUl G.
& L. Railways. U ls marvelous.
Noone would imagine thc business
dom? in this lino.
Wv* have thc "boxs" cotton mar
ket In the Stute, and our numerous,
handsome and Jovial buyer < keepit
lively, und have made our fa rill or?
hundreds of dollars by pitying full
I values for thc staple.
Every organisation, institution
and enterprise is flourishing. Our
churches aro to lui enlarged und
handsomely furnished soon. Tho
educational interest nro progress
ing most satisfactorily. In fact,
tito w hool of nrogress is in motion,
and everybody is pushing. Our on
gl neo rs, pilots nnd captains must
koop it moving In tho righi direc
Th ero uro Tunny tilings of vital
Import unco to tho progresa of our
town deserving immediate atten
I will he delighted to hear of our
Hoard ol* Tr . do meeting nt an early
day to discuss th eso questions.
Men of Laurens, keep tho great
wheel of progress moving. Vonni!
ure comparatively young men,
With thc .advice of older heads and
thc ouergy and push characteristic
of yourselves, you cnn accomplish
most anything. Tho eyes of your
neighbor towns, nnd of n greater
source, art? upon you. Why bc con
tent when your possibilities ure so
great ? Much grntulatlon is yours
for past achievements. Von have
Ibo vantage. Bo yo not deceived
by apparent prosperity. Lei not
your talents bu Idle. Talk. Push
now . A I.KXANDKK.
Olli WASHINGTON LETER.
[Prom Our llogulitr Corro-ipondout ?
Washington, Feb. 17th. 1888.
During tho ??resent session of
Congress, wiiicli lins bocu in session
a little over 1 wo mont hs, more than
0200 bills have boon introduce I in
thc House of Repr?sentative?. Not
one fortieth of them have passed,
and before dual adjournment, tho
number ol bills presented and refer
red will probably have reached
twice thal number. I
The life of n Congressional bili is
rather interesting. To give you
some iden of i lie ret 1 lupe that a bill
must encounter, it ls only necessa
ry to say thal a full-grown bill must j
be printed six limes, und must pass
through Hu* hands of al least tweii- !
ly-flve persons bo foro il can bo
numbered willi tho Iii iv - of t ho lund.
There seems lo bo a growing dis- j
position on tho par; of Congress to
regulate, or rather io restrict the
publication of certain mailor in tho
press-such as lotteries and gill i n- 1
tcrpriscs. Thirteen bills of this
character introduced in ilia last
Congress, and eigUt or niuo have
boon brought forward in tho pres
Tho House Commit-too hasropor
(od adversely tho bill to license
railroad conductors, and this ls pf< -
hibly tie- I.ist that will bo heard o(\
The i ?ouse Judiciary Committee
has ordered a favorable report on
tho Senate bill to refund the direct
taxes collected during t he lat'.' civil
war, with an amendment provid
ing that money so collected shall
be restored to the rightful owner.
There is little doubt of thc passage
of this act.
The Ways and Means Committee
has reported n bill authorizing tho
Secretary of tho Treasury to invest
the surplus in the purchase of Tin
ted States bonds. Heretofore this
authority was COIlfoiTod upon thal
official by virtue of the provision ol
the annual appropriation bill. As
an issue has been raised question
ing his right in tho matter, ii was
thought best to finally settle the
controversy by such legislation.
The. Republican Senators have
but two subjects to discuss when
they wish to talk for political ef
fect. When wear./ of assaulting
tho President's message they ave
reduced to the necessity of attack
ing the mail service in the Wost.
Senator Heuglin was to tin- point
when ho said Hint if a reform wa
honesty sought, the complaints
would no! bo sent to the United
States Senate, bul to tho Post otb o
Departmont, wheio steps could be
taken to correct the alleged sher
maine's letter is variously view
ed both hy Democrats and Repub
licans. The former place little
faith in his sincerity, while those
of tho latter who are unfriendly to
tho aspirations of the man from
Maine ure more than willing lo
take him at his word. On the oth
er hand, the ardent supporters ol
Mr. Blaine uro hoping that there
will bc ll reaction in his favor,
which will apparently make thc
candidacy of their favorito a neces
As a result of the retirement ol
Blaine, there aro a number of Pres
Idcntinl booms, among which maj
l>0 mentioned, Senators Hawley
Sherman, Allison, ns well ns (?res
bum and Goncrol .sheridan. Ii
fact tho Republicans In Congres?
ure now thinking moro of Pros!
dent-making than Of legislation.
Atlast the so-called ovorlnstlnf
Blair bill "has again pilxfOd th?
Somite" this lime by n voto of 88 t<
i>'.). It has been lu throe Congres
ses now, and bas occupied mud
valuable time, which its OUOinlCi
say will be to no purpose. Its Inti
In tho House ls problematical, hu
most Of the Democrats VOtCI
against it before, and the longer till
bill has been thought of and talkci
of the weaker lt has grown. Tin
last vole upon it hy thc Sonnte wa
not so strong tts the volo of tw
years a ?m.
Tho Fisheries Commission hnv
ing concluded its labors and si^'iiei
a treaty, the same will be SUbmll
ted to the Senate to-day. lt oui
includes the dispules on tho Al
laut ie COO t ?
Tho President and party aro ol
poctod to mnko their flying trip t
tho Land of Flowers carly nc*
week. They will not bo sbser
.??lite ono wcok.
HERE AND THERE. _
Maine has fourteen cities, and Waterville
will goon ins added to tho list.
Tho avcrago Mexican laborer supports his
family on ton c uts per diem, invested lu
corn and heans.
Thoro oro forty-tlnee log school houses in
Iow a. This is tho number glvon intheroport
of tlc stair su|>erintoudent Cor 1887.
A low estimate puts tho number of persona
supported hy all tho forms of employment
furnished hy electricity ut 5,000,000.
Tho "(.?real She" is tho nanto of tho latest
gold mine speculative company lu London.
Thc mine is said to Ins in South Africa.
During 1887 olovon and one-half tons of
po,i ugo stumps-nearly 1 ro,<x>o,ooo in numher
- were sold at tho New York post ofllOO.
A O reek named Ditnitrius Antippa has
just died at Constantinople ut tho ago of 115.
Ho lon iv Kobi . pierre, and possessed several
of his letters.
Thoro were not fewer than 3,450 matricu
lated students at Edinburgh university hist
year, and tho value O? the scholarship and
bursaries which were disposed of was ?-10,000.
A train on tho Alabama and Great Southern
railroad dashed through n drove of fifty
nudes at Akron recently and killel eight of
thom outright. Tho locomotive kept ou Its
way without leaving thc rails.
One hundred and twenty bull fights woro
given in tho City of Mexico during tho past
year. Seventeen hull lighters woro wounded,
and ono professional and two amateur light
Tho price for tho effectual destruction, of
rabbit loitered by tho Now South Wales gov
ernment Is being warmly contested. A beady
880 inventions havo been sent in lo compete
for tho :'. ,*VI,I. M.
Tho Corean never ruts his hair, and ho
wears it ia a braid down his back until ho
gets married, when ho has th? right toonil
it on Ino top of his head. A man is not sup
posed lo Ito a man until ho ccu wera- bis hair
on tho top of his head.
Tho champion "Doncdict" of tho civilized
world ls Francois Sau ron, wood ranger o(
Saint Paulieu. Ho is (VI years old, mid oil
Jan. Ki was married for tho sixth timo to a
widow of CO. His last l our marriages havo
occurred in tho lost four years.
Moro and moro paper is talcing tho placo ot
woodwork, Paper dcors uro now largely
Substituted for wooden door:. Tho paper
doors ero hotter for tho reason that they are
lighter; they do not shrink or swell with
changea of Weather; they aro mado from sin
gle isheet.-- of paper molded into any desired
pattern, and they are not dearer thaUWOOdou
A Hartford man starl 1 n good Oro in a
sheol iron stove in his olllcc, forgot to closo
tho draught, locked tho office door and went,
to drive. When ho came hue!; bo found tho
Oro out; but it had mudo Itself folt before
golug out. Everything in tho room waa
scorche d, apples <>n a Hholf were baked, and it
dog thal bad boen locked in was dead, evi
A rival to Dakota for tho championship in
low temperature is Worehojansk, In Siberia.
Tho mean temperature in 1885 was 510 dogs,
belows ro. Por January and December it.
was IV! dogs, below, a:nl fol* July it roso to 00
dens, above /. ro. Tho lowest, temperature in
July was SO dogs, abovo, while in January a
falito tK) dogs, below zero was experienced.
Tins attractive? winter r sort is in latitude 07
?legs, i'd mina., longitud J 133 dogs. 51 mitts.
POINTS FOR GILDED YOUTH.
Danglo rings for male Idiots aro promised
Pow k'.'.ots are being worn extensively with
everyday dress in Pari i.
Combinations of moonstones and cat's oyo
or tiger oyo stones for gctitlemcu's liuksloovo
huttons arc new and popular.
Striped neckwear ii to take e. short vaca
tion. More and greater variety than over
before of broken figures will !?. tho rule.
Cane heads aro now popularly made to
carry matches, a timepiece, cigarettes, cach
ous, gum, pins, chango, scent, ur c ; of
In all classes of furnishing poods for tho
coining wann Weather connoisseurs thereof
will search for rather unique and delicate
tints or shadings,
Astrakhan gloves with calf or kid palms aro
deservedly tho most popular fancy hand
covering found in years. They sell on sight
nt a rennin sativo pri?e.
Some German fashion plate-, havo peculiar
styles in collars; they all seem to be com
paratively low, and tho front forms a lotter
lialf way between u U ami a V.
Scarfs for spring ?will hofmuch narrower
than were last fall's productions, and, in tho
majority of styles, tho outer apron will lu?
slightly puffed closo to tho bottom of tho knot.
For wear with tho now flannel RbIrtexquis
ite scarfs aro shown, made of delicate
chocked, stripped and tinted cosbmores. Tho
interest in them is enhanced hy tho fact that
H. U. II wore one at n recent "meet."
A now fad among the dudes ks to carry
balanced liotwcon tho thumb and foroflngor
of tho right hand a huge cane, around tho
center of which is tied a bright colored rib
bon with streamers. The iuris tie thom on.
Pig furnishers have special figured silks
woven for them in Puris, hut say I hey loso
in tho long run, ns no less than KK) yards can
bo had of any oao pattern, and one Induro
will reduce tho profit on tho whole pro
Metallic shades, so called In furnishing
goods silks, aro popular anti new varieties
eagerly Bought, All tho glistening lines of
poid, silver, copper and bron ZO have lioen
caught and transferred to tho loom, forming
n novel and desirable line. -Clothier and
MIDWINTER BASEBALL TALK.
Pitcher Titeomb has signed with t ho Now
Tho International association baa decided
to ploy no Sunday games.
Tho International association ha? not yot
selected a single umpire.
Tho Detroits claim to have played 188games
lust year. This boats the record, if correct.
Deacon White does not cons I dor the Detroit
team weakened a particle hy Dunlap's sale?
Tho Indianapolis club han abandoned its
Intention of making a spring southern tour.
A Bostonian stands ready to liear half tho
expenso of putting a New England loaguo
team in Boston for 'HS, hut ho can find no
Tho Olneinnotls havo canceled tho Pitts
burg dates- 17th, 18th anil 19th of April.
Tho chango intho scbedulo knocked that plan
In tho hoad.
Tho Birmingham club ls reported ns having
signed a deaf mute battery -Jamos Lynch
and Fred Hargraves. Both hall from Dan?
Tho Louisville team will go to tho not
Spring*? on Varch 10 and pi ., ivro
t^S ?LiJ,,,: '". -MAn*8*
KkAly bas refected all s,