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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, July 02, 1895, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067760/1895-07-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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Narrative of the Battle on the
25th of June, 1864.
BY JAMK8 A. HOYT, CO. C, I?. 8. 8.
Thirty-one yeara ago io-day there
whh nn impromptu bat lie m Staun ton
Hi vet* II ridge, on the Richmond and
J)iuivi)le Railroad. Tills wan the ouly
line of 1 ail way thou open tor ihu
traupporlution of soldiers anil supplies
lo Loo's army, which was concentrated
around Richmond and l'elorsbuig.
Tho Federal cavalry had been raiding
along the railroads between Wilming
ton and Wcldon. N. C, and communi
cation had been slopped betWi 00
Woldon ond Petersburg, Va The
out'ook was quite serious und gloomy,
nn the main hone ami dependence for
the continuance of the struggle on the
port of the Con federates* lay hi the
preservation of I his single line of rail
way intact. The destruction of nn
important brid;-o at such a juncture
would havo soriously embarrassed the
situation of Lee ami his gallant hosts,
who were confronting the enemy
around Petersburg au I muiiilatning
the line of defouco itt the capital of
the Confederacy. The demolition of
the railroad bridge over Staunlon
River would rneon an easy and un
obstructed match of the enemy on to
Danville, Where the destruction of an
other important bridge over the Dan
River would surely follow. Resides,
I he town of Danville wan the entrepot
lor nruiy supplies, ami there were
immense stores being gathered I here at
this very lime. A repulse of Um
enemy at Staunten Rner meant the
preservation of Danville and its
valuable interest-*. This would keen
Lee and his army in security und
repose so far as their base of supplies
was concerned.
General Sheridan had begun (he
execution of a grand campaign with
his strong force of ? avalry. lie had
been engaged for several Weeks in an
expedition which had for its object the
destruction of Gordousvi|le, Charlottes**
ville and Lynehburg, so as to threaten
Lee from the rear. This imposing
piece of strategy was foiled by Iho
quick movements ami vigorous action
of General Hampton, who was placed
in command of the cavalry after the
death of Stuart. He had defeated
Sheridan in the brilliant* engagement
at Trevllian's Station on the llihof
June, which gave a decisive check to
the Federal commander. A cavalry
expedition under Genends Wilson and
Kautz was then organized by the
Federal commander to operate against
the railroads south of the Appomatlox,
which force set out on the evening of the
2ist of June. Fitzhugh Lee's division
ofcnvalr tfent in pursuit of iho
onemy an l came up with Wilson near
Dinwiddie t'. IL, where Lee was re
pulsed, but he struck tVilson the next
day near Wottaway 11. IL, and gained
such a victory over him that Wilson
withdrew from his front, forming a
junction with Kautz on the Richmond
and Danville Railroad. From this
point ol juneti in, (lie Federals hastened
towards the bridge over StrAinton
River, which was guarded by a bat
talion of home guards under the com
mand of Capt. R. L. Farinholt, of the
Virginia reserve mililia.
This much by way of preface to an
account of the batile at Staunlon
River. Let me further premise by
saying that so far as my knowledge
goes no detailed statement of this
engagement has ever been written,
and thai I am led to undertake it now
by a curious coincidence. A Iriend of
mine several months ago was ruinag
Ing among some old newspapers in a
vacant warehouse in West. Greenville,
and he came across a tile of " The
Daily Soulhern Guardian," published
in Columbia, S. C, by the lamented
Chns. 1*. Pelham. He discovered (ho
fact that one of the copies contained
a letter written by me from the hos
pital at Danville, Va., on the 4th of
July, LS(?4, which made a brief state
ment of the facts connected with the
light on the 20lh of lime at Stmnion
River, ami to which was appended u
partial list of the men under my com
mand in (hat engagement. In justice
to the gallant soldiers who made the
light, I doiermiiihd to put together the
tacts and incidents which illustrated
their persdhal daring and fidelity to
tho Lost Cause under most trying
circumstances, and in the 1'ice of fear
ful odds. I have chosoti the ill?I
anniversary of the fight to jot down
these memories, and will be compelled
. to appt*?.' more or less egotistical in
giving this account, for it was my
lortliue lo he second in command
when' the fighting look place.
After ?he battles of the Wilderness
And Spottsylvania, 1 was sent to t lie
Jackson Hospital in Richmond on
account of general dehUity, being in
exceedingly poor health. I wan as
signed to the Georgia division of Che
hospital with a number of other of
ficers from South Carolina, as our
division was tilled with wounded of
ficers and men from Hngood's brigade.
It so happened that my cousin, Dr.
NV. I>. Hoyt, now of Koine, (in., was
the surgeon in charge of the division,
ami in i week or ten days ho directed
mo to go with a sick and wounded
detachment he was sending to the
hosnital in Columbia, 8. C.
I wan not reluctant to obey tho
ordo ?, and on (reaching Colombia was
hot long in procuring n permit to visit
my fnthcr'H home in Laurens, whoro 1
recruited under the tender cure of my \
mother for two weeks, gaining a good
deal of strength in thai time. After
the expiration of my hospital furlough,
I repotted to llie surgeon in charge at
Columbia, anil requested to he dis
(barged and sent hack to the army,
as tho news every day indicated iictivc
movements around Petersburg, where
'he ommnml to which I belonged
(Palmetto Sharp Shooters) was then
Hintioie d. The surgeon remonstrated
? with Mie, and urged that my improve
ment was only vmporaiy, or at least
that my health was not permanently
recovered, and he proffeied an ex
tension of my leave for a return to
Laurens. This was respectfully* de
clined, and upon my request a dis
charge was made out on ?Sunday morn
log, June lllth, in time for me to reach
the Washington Street Methodist
Church, and tlnd a seat in the gallery
to hear the commencement sermon of
the Columbia Female College from
that prince of orators, Bishop George
F. Pierce, whom I had met the year
before at Greensboro, Ga. It was a
gland effort, and the thought upper
most in my mind, with that discharge
in my pocket, was whether I would
ever enjoy such a privilege again, for
every bout* the air grew heavier with
the reports of impending battles in
Virginia.
I The train lell at midnight, and I
wem via Kiugville to Wilmington, N.
C, as lite most direct route to Peters
burg. My recollection \* that the
journey to Wilmington was not com
pleted until Tuesday morning, owing to
delays at Kiugville ami Florence. Hut
there wat? even a greater delay at
Wilmington, for the railroad between
there and Woldon was being threaten
ed with the Fedoral cavalry, ami so wo
waited for trains to be sent out. I had
nn Interview with Gen. Martin, who
was commanding the post, and he
gave me a permit to go on the liisl
train, with the understanding ihat 1
would take command of furloughcd
and convnl8cent soldiers who might be
on the train, in case the enemy was to
attack the train. The engineer and
conductor felt sure that we would
oucourter Iho Federals, and more than
once during the slow and cautious
ride we discmharked at their instance,
when I would place the men on the
Opposite side of the railroad track,
with the ears as a sort of breastwork,
ami await iho coming of the raiders,
who did not appear during the day.
When we reached Golds'>oro in the
afternoon the news was received that
the Federals had sevoied all communi
cation with Welder, and that we must
take a train for Greensboro and Dan
ville. The party was being anginen led
all the time, and when*we reached
Danville on Thursday night there
wero foily or flftv ollicers ami men
who felt thoniselves in some way under
orders to follow my lead. At Dan
ville tlie news was even more exciting,
as rumors were (lying thick and fast
that the Federals wero destroying the
rail mad beyond Rurkesville, which
would further dclfty our progiess.
Theie was an old hotel used as a Way
side Hospital not far from the depot,
and thither went a tired and hungry
set of soldiers, who wero thankful to
get shelter for the balance of the night.
Early in the morning we were sum.
nioucd to breakfast, and the noble
women of Danville were on hand to
aid in feeding the men who were, un
consciously to themselves, expected
to defend the place against disaster.
The building had a veranda the entire
length for two stories, and after
breakfast I was on the upper gallery,
with a portfolio which now lies before
ine a.id was soon engaged in \\ riling
letters. One was already finished to
my mother, telling of the mishaps
since we parted, and I was writing
another to a young lady in South
Carolina, indulging in hopes for the
future, when several soldiers came to
interrupt me.
The cause of this Interruption was
soon explained, which was simply that
an officer had been sent by the com
mandment of the post, Col. lt. B.
Withers, to enrol nil the enlisted men
for the purpo.se of taking them to some
point on the railroad in the direction
of Richmond, where-it was expected
to meet the enemy. Nearly all these
men had been in tiie army from fne
start, and it did not take them long
to lind out I hat the officer designated
was totally inexperienced, which caus
ed them to inquire whether he had
been at the fron!. His answer
revealed 'he fact that he had never
smelt powder on the battle-field, and
the object of coniin; to me was 10
obtain an intercession with the Com
mandant on their behalf. I will not
enter into the particulars but will only
say that several hours were lost in con
vincing Col. Withers that these men
were entitled to better consideration on
account of past services, ami that it
was an injustice fol bun to place lhem
under command of one who wits evi
dently unlit for the position. Finally,
it was tlecided upon my suggest ion that
an officer from auothei Slate should
be put in charge, and that the rest of
us should go along. This arrangement
was no! carried out, however, as this
officer relinquished the command and
insisted upon my taking charge.
Every train brought additions to
the force while we were waiting in
Danville, ami an entire company of
detailed men from Richmond, under
command of Copt. Hiddick arrived a
short time before we left. 'icy had
been down to Andersonvillc viMi a
lot of prisoners and were anxicus to
reach Richmond. dipt. Riddick re
quested that his company be joined to
otiis, and this was agreed to. The
two companies numbered not over n
hundred und iifty men, und at 4 o'clock
on Friday ui'lornnon, Jane 24th, we
left Danville in box earn with arms,
ammunition and radons furnished by
Col. Withers, who had become re
conciled tr> the situation. We were
directed to report to Capt. Farin
holl, and he was advised of our
coming. Between eight and nine
o'clock the train hulled near the bridge
over Htaunton Iliver, forty-eight indes
from Dan vibe. Themen wero marched
ut once to a place for bivouac, and
with the starry heavens for a canopy
they were soon asleep.
I'held a briel conforeiico with Capt.
I i rinholt. and he informed me that the
Federal* wore not' expected until the
next day. when it was his pui pose to
defend the bridge from the sou'.hside,
where ho had two pieces of artillery
mounted In a fort overlooking the
river, with which he confidently ex
pected to repulse tho enemy across the
stream. He also told mo that there
wan an ofllcei on the other side of the
bridge, who had oi part of his own
command, and with whom he differed
as to the proper defence of the bi idge.
This information was gladly received,
for my impressions already wero
against tho plans of tho commandant,
and I decided to investigate the matter
without delay tho next morning. Soon
after daylight I started across tho
bridge, and as It was covered the way
was dark. I had gone only a few steps
when an officer met me, and inquired
after my purpose in cross-ng the
bridge. Upon staling that my object
was to meet with Col. Colcman, he
gavo me a cordial grasp ol tho hand,
and said that he was Henry E. Cole
mau. of the 12th] N. C. I soon
learned that Ins mother lived in the
neighborhood, ami that ho was on a
wounded furlough. Iii?? head wac
bandaged from a wound received at
Spotisylvnnia, and he had tendered his
services for this occas on to Capt.
Karinholt. Ho was satisfied (hat tho
Fedeiuls could reach there during the
day nud would expect to burn the
bridge, which could easily be done if
there were no troops on the north side
to prevent it. He had taken about 150
I militia, old men and boys, and had
been cntroiichiug his position during
the night, hut it was very slow work
The result of our conversation was
that I agreed to tako my command
across the river,|unless Capt. Farinholt
seriously objected to their going, and
join with Col. Coleinan in what was
tho only practicable defence of the
biidge. I found no difficulty in making
tho transfer, und when a scant break
fast was finished the two companies
were marched across. The militia
under Col. Coletnun were evidently
much rejoiced to have reinforcements
come to their assistance, especially
when they recognized that the new
comers were old soldiers. It was de
cided that my two companies should
take position on the right of the
biidge, while the militia should occupy
the left of our entrenchmentP. Let
me describe Iho configuration of the
ground on the noith side of the ri?er,
so as to give a better idea 01 the
strength of our position as well as its
peril.
Hoanokc station was within half a
mile of the bridge, and the railroad
track w.is without a curve between
them. From a steep embankment at
the bridgo, lising eight or ten feet
above the level grouud, the track grad
ually came nearer to the level until at
I he station there was no grading at all.
On the right or east side of the nil
road, looking northwards, thore was a
piece of meadow land, a hundred yards
wide running to the creek which emp
tied hero into the river. This creek
ran parallel to the railroad, and kept
the same distance from it, so that the
meadow was one hundred yards wide
and eight hundred yards long. A ditch
ran across the meadow from the rail
road culvert to the creek, not more
than seventy-five yaids in front of my
line. On the opposite side of the rail
road the ground w<ts uneven and irreg
ular, and the river made a bend above
the. bridge, so that there was very little
chance to manoeiiver troops on that
side, as llioy would be i" a narrow de
file, with every advantage in favor of
the Confederates. Just in tho roar of
the sbil ion I here was a succession of
h.lls, upon which we posted pickets
early in the morning, and it was from
these hills in the afternoon that the
Federal artillery poured shot and shell
iu and around the bridge until it was
anything besides comfortable to be
within range- Our slender and hastily
constructed earthworks formed a semi,
circle, with tho biidge as the centre,
and each end resting upon the river
bank. There was no possible chance
of being Hanked in this position, but
theie was also no avenue of ret real.
Failure meant the capture of every
man. ntnl this was impressed upon all.
Soon afler the liuo was established
and the men had been put to work
in throwing up dirt with their bayo
nets, Col. Cole'nan and myself with a
few picked men went on a reconiiois
sance three or four miles up the rail
road, using an engine and a passenger
coach which came that morning from
Danville. This was a valuable incident
of ihe day, tor we learned that tho
enemy was leisurely advancing, de
stroying the railroad track, burning
trestles and depots, and looking for
ward to an easy victory when they
reached the bridge over Stuumon
River, and an unmolested march on to
Danville, It was further ascertained
that Gen. W. H. F. l.ee, with his
division of cavalry, was only a few
hours in the rear of Gen. Wilson, and
thai a stubborn defence of the bridge
would enable Lee to overtake him.
After leaving some bogus dispatches
where they would likely fall into the
bonds of t.'.e. enemy, and urgent mes
sages to be handed (ion. Lee when he
passed that way, the reconnoissauce
WIVs ended, ami we returned to Iho
bridge with encouraging words for our
little band of 800. The hou.-s grew
slowly, (lie h. at was intense, ami the
men v> ere suffering from thirst and
hunger. The creek water did not
satisfy ihem, and the rations were
growing scarce and unpalatable. They
gathered undo the bridge, and Ihe
old soldiers regaled tho militia with
grewsonic tales of war as they had seen
it. ( amp jokes and breezy soin>s fol
lowed until 4 o'clock in tho afternoon,
when the sharp crack of a ritle on the
hills brought every one to his place
along tho line, find in >i few minutes
some of our \ ideltes were seen coming
in haste to join us. The enemy was
almost m sight, und the lirsi courier to
arrive, said they were very numerous.
The advance guard of (Jen. Wilson
quickly diove in the balance of our
pickets, oxcopt two or three who wore
cut ',ff, and who concealed themselves
in the woods until the light was over.
It was not very long until the en
emy hegau to appear upon the hills.
Their artillery was soon uulimlicred,
and only a few moments elapsed
until shells were bursting all around
us. They undertook to get the range
of the bridge, lind one gun was evi
dently trying to shoot into the end of
the bridge, meeting with success now
and 11ii-11. The squadrons of cavalry
were Hying in every direction, and tho
whole earth ?eemed to he alive with
horses and riders. Cavalry always did
excite me with the tramping of horses
and the clauging of sabres, bul t'.^so,
things were not very destructive to . fe,
and so I felt more serious when it wits
apparent that this Hying around mennt
that the cavalrymen wero dismounting
for a close conflict with us. Tho shell
iug was still furious and growing more
noplcasnnt every momonl. To'add to
the discomfort of the situation, our |
own Inexperienced nrtillery on the
southside hegnn to respond to the
compliments scut iorlh from Ihe-op
posite hills, and insload of using shot
and shell with the expectation of
reaching the enemy, the gunners put
I iu graoo and canister which fell all
around us. I sent private Fenlon, of
the Maryland aitillery, wuh u mes
sage to the coinniandaiit no the other
Hide. He went across the bridge un
der the tire of the enemy's guns to
stop ' tho tiring of our own artillery,
and I watched his redcap with a great
deal of interest as he omerged from (he
bridge and ascended the hill to the
fort. My instructions wore for him to
ask the privilege of directing the guns
against the enemy, Had in default
thereof to eeaee firing altogether.
In tho meanwhile the dismounted I
cavalry were getting into buttle array.
The lines were formed near the sta
tion, and they began to move in our
direction. Evidently it was tho inten
tion of the ene'T.y to crush our small
force at once with superior numbers.
Column alter column was massed in
the meadow and then sent forward;
The ground was being covered very
rapidly by the advancing hosts, mid
the dead silence which prevailed along
my line as they got nearer must have
deceived them. My orders were for
evei\ man to keep Oil the ground he
hind the breastworks, which wore
only two or three feet high, and when
Ihe first line of iho c.ioniy had crossed
the dlieli in our front, the command
would bo given t.0 uFiroI" As al
ready stated this dlieh was not more
Ihan seventy-live yards in our front,
and when lhe men rose with the rebel
yell and ponied a volley into (h? ranks
of the enemy, ihero was great con
sternation and a hasty retreat.
The battle was jollied hi desperate
earnest, and when the Federals ic
covered from their surprise there was
a rally of the scattered forces prepara
tory to another charge. The troops
were massed even more closely (hau
before, and their movements seemed
quicker and more determined, hut the
fatal ditch was an obstruction which
they never pissed again. Out men
reserved their lire once more, but they
were growing impatient, and did not
wait to see whether the Federals would
attempt another crossing of the ditch
The second charge was repulsed
with equal gallantry, showing a deter
mined resistance on our side, but it
required longer time and heavier dr
ing to drive them back. Then follow
ed a logger interval between the
charges, bul for the third time the ef
fort was made by the serried ranks of
Ihe enemy to press forward to I lie goal
of their ambition. no far as they
could sec there was no impression be
ing made on our line, and they wore
no nearer the capture of the bridge
than when they lirst came in sight of
it. Tliis thin" charge was resisted as
before, and with equal success.
The sun was going behind ihe hills,
but as yet there was no sign that Oon,
W. II. F. Lee hud reached (he enemy's
rear. His appearance on the scene
would mean ielief for our little band,
as we knew that with tin coining of
night the Federals would have the ad
vantage, for they could easily make
approaches to our line by digging rille
pits, ami by this means hem us in on
three sides. Daylight was important
for the solution of Ihe problem, and
when Ihe Federals gathered for (he
fourth charge there were misgivings as
to the result. On they came, however,
ami they were met with a galling lire
of musketry watch giew even more
turious as their lines came nearer. It
was during this charge that Lee and
his division struck (he rear guard of
the Federals, and they were given an
opportunity of lighting in opposite di
rections. Only one result could ensue
from this state of things, which was
their ha.siy and immediate withdrawal
fvom our front, and preparation began
for a sudden retreat.
The road leading down Ihe river
was in their possession, and it was
soon Idled will) a moving caravan of
wagons, ambulance' and troops. Their
artillery on the bids was turned the
other way to prevent the advance of
Lee, and under the covoi of a rapid
liie from I heir guns the rollout was
speedily entered upon. It was a time
of suspense and anxiety with us, for
wo did not Know with certainty that
Lee's command was in reality on
hand, or whether it was only a small
detachmon*. which had caused the en
emy to forsake our front. The sun
h id gone down, and the shadows were
thicK with the smoke of battle. When
it grew dusk there was pi ?Sit lye and
unequivocal relief, because one of our
videites came with the welcome tidings
that the Federals were gone and that
Leo was occupying the giouud around
the station. The long, long day was
ended, and the victory was ours I
INCIDENTS OK THE KIOHT.
This account might be extended In
definitely With personal incidents and
reminiscences. Only a few will be
given, however. Col, Henry K. Cole
man, to whom the credit of the on*
gage'v.ent is chiefly due, exhibited tint
highest qualities of a soldier. lie Was
self-reliant, admirably poised in man
ner, and quick to take advantage of
circumstances. I was wounded rather
fill ly in the light, and was cat ricd un
der tin', biidge, protected by the abut*
incut. (Jol. COlomnn ?t once suggest
ed ttuit hu would take immediate com -,
mitnd ol my end of (he line, while he
would pass the word along Ihe (reaches
that 1 was in charge of tin left uing,
and this was done. He came and
Blood in front of me, where I was ly
ing on the ground, and was receiving
such attention as the surgeon could
give me, when I saw that he was .in
curring great risk in remaining there
any longer, ns the minie halls were,
whistling by every moment, and he
appeared UUCOnciOUS of the fact. 1
cautioned him to Step back one or two
paces, but his reply showed that he
did not appreciate tho danger, and ill
another miuulo he was brought to the
ground within a few foot of mo. A hull
hud gono through the knee, and ho
was disabled like myself.
His stratagem had ended so far as
as the exchange of commands was
concerned, and we ha 1 to lind another
expedient, which was to direct the
fight joimly through the young man
who had been made Adjutant of the
command. His name was Lieut. ('. I).
Humphreys, of the 1st Florida battal
ion, and he had been detailed from my
company. After Col. Colctnuu was
wounded, Lieut. Humphreys most
gallantly met the responsibility upon
him, and in connection with the other
ofllcers faithfully executed every ordei
issued from the disabled headquarters
under the bridge. My First Lieuten
ant was J. <J. Moon, Go, F., L?h
Miss., and In- urns detailed to act as
.Mm ,ii \ . while Lieut. Hull, of the
61st Virginia, insisted upon using a
musket, (/'apt. Riddick showed splen
bid nerve iu the tight, and received a
severe tlesh wound before the engage
ment was over. The thro principal
otlicers being wounded, it is high
praise that the men deserve for their
unflinching fidelity to the cud of the
fight. Gathered from every quarter of
the Confederacy, ana belonging to all
arms of the set vice, strangers to each
other and serving under oflicets who
had never hum before, this hot eroge
nous command did not quail for nn in
stant, and displayed iure intrepidity
and steadfast courage. Lach man
was actuated by a feeling ot his own
responsibility for the successful
termination of the tight, and no'army
that ever ?rod the earth has produced
a brave** uand than ihe .'100 who silVOO
the day' at SUtuiiton Kivor.
Tim csi i mat cd strength of the
Federals was 2,000 tuen, but (Jen.
Wilson icported a much smaller num
ber as being actually engaged. Their
loss in killed and wounded was,not less
than .'(00, equal to our whole number,
as our men buried "/?*> of their dead tint
nekl day. Not a prisone?- was taken
on either side. Our total loss was'80
alliccrs and men, and live oul of eight
officers were wounded, tux tuen were
killed, one of them an Episcopal min
ister ot the neighborhood, who had
volunteered for the light under Col.
Colcmnn. It was a brother-in-law of
Uoleinau's, a country physich?!), who
acted as surgeon of the command, but
I cannot recall his name.
Private W. .J. Sims, Co. K., ldtll
Miss., was severely wounded in the
chest \y,hile performing a daring act
undoi my immodiato orders. lie w is
a lall, handsome young fellow, not
more than nineteen \ car* old, und I hud
been attracted towards him from the
outset, lie came to me after 1 was
wounded und sai?i that there were two
men crawling through the hushes
along ilie railroad embankment, and
asked me what to do. His belief was
that tiny were trying to reach the
bridge for Ihe purpose of setting lire
lo it. ..s he saw that each one had in
his hand a paekage. My answer was
to shoot them, and he quickly stepped
back lo toe position from which he
had seen them, then raised his gun
and Hred, but did r.ol step down.
Throwing his gun in proper position
to re-load and keeping his eye
Upon the Federals, .Suns was about
lo rain the charge when a ball entered
his chest and he fell backwards, but
was caught by a comrade. Ho came
at once to my side, and said, " I have
done whe* you told me, but I am a
dead man." As he lay there, growing
more pallid every moment, he begged
1110 to write his mother, and say lo her
that he was shot while obeying my
order in the discharge of ins duly as a
Confederate soldier. The youth who
was acting as my orderly wrote down
his words and took his mother's address
for me. The surgeon said that Sims
was aio.tally wounded, but I insisted
that he r iv ivery attention lo linn,
vhaihig will, him the slender supply
of stimulants on hand. The next
morning Sims was taken to Danville
along with the rest of us, and in a few
weeks he was given a furlough to
visit his mother and tell Ihe story for
himself.
OFFICKR8 AND 1M11VATKS.
It has always been a matter of
sincere regret that an accurate list of
the furloughod and convaleuconi soldiers
under my command was not kept by
me, but every veteran will understand
how easy it was to neglect such a
thing, It was an unusual event, it is
true, and yet it was not the only time
in the campaign of 1804 that men
going home on furlough or returning
from hospital were engaged in battle
on the way. One of the men wlu> was
with me. at Slauntou Ktver, and who is
now an estimable ciiizen of Anderson
Comity, William .J. Stevenson, of Co.
FM2miS. C. Hilles, had the rare and un
expected experience of taking part in
an engjgeinent between Petersburg
and Woldoll only a few weeks before,
as he was going home on furlough,
and he did a soldier's duly on both
occasions without receiving a scratch,
lie literally fought his way home and
back to the army.
H?ing wounded so severely, 1 had
no opportunity of perfecting ihe list
aftei the light was over, and adding
the names of men who joined me only
as the enemy came in sight, for this
was also line. The soldiers arriving
in Danville idler WO let I ami who wen;
alt'le. for duly weie pen! forward by the
commandant, and i squad of them
came just as we were preparing to
engage the enemy. So vet id of tuem
belonged to the Hampton Legion, aud
among them was another friend of
mine from Anderson County, Iho late
Pelor H. Brown, who with tho others
crossed the bridge while il was under
a raking lire from the artillery.
l?ppend heiewilh the list as it was
printed in the Southern Guardian :
First Lieut, J. G. JMooiv, (Jo. F,
18th Miss.
Second Lieut. C. I). Humphreys, 1st
Fla. Battalion.
Third Lieut. Hal!, ?lst Vit,
First Sorgt., .lames C. Dullose, Co,
G, 2nd Ca.
Sergt. Murray, compauy and regi
ment not known.
Sergt. \V. J. Stevenson, Co. F, 2nd
S. C. Hilles.
Privates .1. c. McClendttu, Co, II,
27th Ga; W. J. Sims, Co. K, 18th
Miss \ u. McCarmell, Co. c, 6th s. c ;
J. W. Gilbert, Co. K, 10th Ga ; J. M.
.lames, Co. K, -.'nil Go : E. It. LaWSOt),
C(?. K, 48rd Teiin ; G< Dennis, (,v, c,
7th s. C ; li. Ilertrand, Co. II,Olli Li ;
H. 11. Willingham, Co. D, 8011) (in;
W. II. l.ippiti and \V. L. Galloway,
Co. D, (Jobb Legion cavalry ; (?. (?.
JohnsonunJ.). A. Dlckson.Co. L, Cobb
Legion, e;<valry ; (). Bonner, Co. 1),
44th Ga; .1. >l. Penton, aitlllery,
Maryland Line; II. c. Glisson,Co. A,
:inl Ga ; C. ft. Kchols, Co. A, I8lll
Miss -, G. McGarlty, Co. B. 24lhGa;
1). 1). Kleekley, Co. K, 20tl) S. C ; A.
MeKeron, Co. b\ 12th <?a ; J, C. Kelly,
Co. II, 25th S. C ; A. iL Tanner, Co.
P, 40thGa;.F. Gicgory, Co; 11. 20th
S. 0 ; J. T. Kason, Co. L, 17th Miss j
G. M. Agee, Co. II, ?lst Va ; W. M.
I Ayr s, Co. II, ?lst Va ; W. M. Knssell,
i Co. F, 44th N. C ; .1. A. Johns, Co.
'A, SHh 1^ ; G. M. Lanfotd, Co. A,
5th S. 0 ; B. Nelson, Co. P, Uth N.
C ; J. M. Jon. . Co. 21st N. (' ;
J. Baker. Co. A, 8th Confederate
Cavalry ; J. C. Gafford, Col G, ?lli
Texas"; J. T. Willhouse, Co. G, 1st
Texas ; K. Robinson, Co C, Davis
Legion, cavalry ; J. T. Minix, Co K,
49th Ga ; J. Wise, Co. A, ?9ih Ga ;
L G. McKenzie, Co. II, 1st Texas ; J.
C. Harris, Co. A, ?th N. C ; W. X.
Dodd, Co. D, 17th Miss.
This list includes only forty-six
names, which was the enrolment made
at Danville, perhaps, at the outset.
From twenty live lo thirty others were
added ns already indicated. Georgia
heads the list with 15 lueu, one third
of those named here.
In closing this sketch, let me refer
once more <o Col. Coleman, whom I
did not meet for twenty years alter Ihe
light at .Staunlon River. It was at a
hotel table in Columbia, and a ft iend
introduced me to the geuliemau on my
left, who proved lo lie Col. Coleman.
His greeting was still warmer and more
cordial -ban at Ihe meet inn on the
biidge, and we talked over the inci
dents of which I have been writing,
lie was in the employ of the Richmond,
and Danville at that lime as a civil
engineer, and afterwards held an im
portant position at Washington, I). <j.,
where wc met again in 1888. He call
ed at ihe hotel dining my abseuc", ami
left bis card With a message that he
would come again, hui I did not wail
for him, and in going to his residence it
[ so happened that wc passed each other
Without recognition onlv a short dis
tance from his home. In answer lo
my ring ? f the door bell, a young lady
came to the door and greeted me by
name, which quite surprised me. It
was his daughter, who recognized me
by a description he had given the
fitnlly. His health was then failing,
and in a few years he was summoned
to join Ihe innumerable caravan who
have gone before. Henry K. Coleman
was every ineh a soldier,and impressed
me with his high qualities as a gentle
man. Peace loins ashes !
Greenville* 8 C, .htuc 1805.
IM ?MANCH IN URAL LI FW.
A Greenville Youhk Muh Forecloses
u MoriKiiKO Voluntarily UIVCll Co
llilll 'l'WeiltV Vcai's AKU.
Tue marriage of Mr. Stan more
Brooks Townes, son of Prof. A. S.
Towuth, of (jie?nville, is tho stquel 10
a romauceof surpassing interest, which
is thuH described by tho Atlanta Con
stitution :
At high noon yesterday tho marri
age of Miss Fanny K< si Atkinson to
Mr. Stan more Brooks Towues occurred
in Kirkwooil, (Ja , at the pretty little
cottage which is to be the ftruire homo
of tho happy couple.
Tue ceremony was performed by
Rev. A. C. Ward. It wus u wedding
of which there is a romance that very
fe?' of their friends know of, but which
has seldom boon equaled in life or
liction. It is a romance that makes a
pretty and interesting story.
Tho story is one that goes hack
nearly twenty-two years and concluded
with the wedding yesterday. A little
more than twenty years a?ro Professor
A. S. Townes was teaching school as
principal in Madison, Oa. In the
same school was a teacher who after
ward married Rev. Mr. Atkiuson.
When sue was stiil teaching the
minister of tho town proposed to her
The young woman confided in the wife
of Professor Townes and usked her
advice.
The wedding occurred and soon a
little one came to bless tho happy
home. Tho baby was named Fanny
Uosu. When little Miss Funny Rosa
was a year old. Mrs. Atkinson de
termined upon a peculiar proceeding.
Tho little hoy oT Professor und Mrs.
Townes was ut that time two years
old. She loved the little fellow and
upon one. occasion hud helped nurse
him through a serious illness. She
gave bur little girl to him in writing
uud the two hud their pictures tuken
together. On the back of tho photo*
graph the gift, was recorded in dupli
cate.
In a few months Professor Townes
moved to South Carolina and there
taught school at one of the colleges.
When the little boy became a young
man of twenty be was entrusted with
some business matters by his father.
Tim business took him to F.asloy, S. 0.,
whero be stopped ut the principal
hotel at that place. It so happened
that Miss Atkinson was stopping there
with some friends for the summer.
She looked on tho register and saw
the name of Townes and inquired who
it was, as she thought it might be the
professor. To her great surprise she
discovered it was a young man. She
then told il friend of the story of her
babyhood and this friend determined
thut they should meet.
When they separated it was for
three years, young Townes going to
the Columbian university to study law.
During that time, however, he wrote
to Miss Atkinson and in one of his
letters said that he was going to claim
her. as he had a deed to her. At the
end of three years he graduated und
Came to Atluuta and began the
practice of law. This was two years
ago.
In tho meantime Miss Atkinson wiw
teaching school at tho Crow street I
seiiool. ilor resignation was sent in ,
to the h.iaril of eilueation thin year to
take effect at tin- end of tin; Just term.
The resignation wus accepted with
regret, but it was understood that it
was final. Professor and Mrs. Townes
wore present at the ooreiuony, as was
Mrs. Atkinson, Ik r husband having
died some years iigo.
It was truly a wedding which culmi
nated an unusual romance.
a Smallpox Curb?a euro of
smallpox und BOai'let fever which Mm;
lie v. Adirondack Murray claims to be
infallible as fate, is composed of one
grain of sulphate of /.inc. one grain
of digitalis (commonly known us
foxglove) and a half teaspoonful of
sugar. This is to be thoroughly mixed
with two teo*)|>OOUfula of water und
four ounces of water added. Tho dose
for adults is one teaspoonful every
hour, and for Children smuller doses
according to age.
Murray writes : The medicine is
harmless and is recommended by the
bust schools in Paris. 1 have cured
my children of scarlet fever and others
of smallpox when the doctors said the
I patients must die. blither diseuse,
! under this treatment, will disappear
1 in twelve hours. If the countries
would compel their physicians to use
it. there would bo no noed of pest*
hOUBCP."
Inflamed itching, burning, crusty
and scaly skin and scalp of infants
soothed und cured by Johnson s Orion
tal Soap. Sold by Carpenter Bros.,
Greenville, S. C.
?The way to success is to follow tho
path Indicated by the next duty.
CHAIRMAN 1RBY SPEAKS.
THK OKUANIKKI) |)K!*I OCIt ACY
MUST NOT 1)1 V 11)10.
Ho Say? ihn Twcmj-Oiio Hope lo
Control tho Constitutional Conven
tion.
The following Interview with Sana*
tor Irby, chairman of the Stale Deum
eratic executive committee, bag boon
published in tho Piedmont deadlight:
" Tho mask is oil aud 1 thank God
for It. Reformers have been wasting
time with such men as Williams, Gou
zales, Llemphill and other unti leaders,
thinking thes-3 Cousorvatives wore
honest in their efforts to bring about
peace and unit-,'. Their Object was to
get control of the convention in the in
terest of corporations by deception and
treachery. Tillmuu said thin und left
them. Tnis tore the musk from their
faces. Thereupon they meet in Co
lumbia aud voluntarily desert the
Democratic party and resolve to orgu
ni/.o one of their own, and Mr. Cursou,
their ehuii im n, of what was hoped a
defunct organization, proceeds formal
ly to carry out their instructions.
This is barefaced lodependouttsu) with
all that word means. 1 can't see in
faco of this hOW honest, loyal. Reform
Democrats can utllliate with them. In
truth, tho action of mis committee
releases every Reformer in counties
v here an ugrcotneut bad been mude.
" If these agreements uro curried
ullt und lliin Independent F.xocutive
Committee succeeds in muny countlo>
as they purpose. Mien with the help
tUey expect to get on tho pleu ol peace
and unity from counties in which they
huve agreed, they will certainly cou
Irol that convention. For Instance,
they uro going to muke u clean cut
open light in uuu.y counties. They
may pretend to agree in Kichlund and
Charleston and other counties, and
tin. so agreements will he repudiated
on election day as sure as the suu
shines and anli Democrats olooted. 1
can uume, but perhaps it would he
better not to do it at this time, on nigh
counties that they think they will
surely eui ry to aggregate seventy-two
votes by the use of tho negro. Then
if they can pick up nine from K.lge
liold, Aikcn, Marion, Lexington and
Abbeville, they will have a uiiij u ity
of the convention. This has boon
their game all along, and corporations
have been at tho bottom of the whole
business.
I "A* long us they pretended (aud I
kuosv it wus mere pretense) lo st.iy in
p.u ty lines 1 could not attuek tuoin
Now led by G?nzlies, with such lieu*
tenuuls us Williums und Guriiugton.
in open buttlo with the organized
Demoeruey. it is my duty to fight them
us such. If our people divide with
them they can make up their minds
for these political beneficiaries lo vote
with the Independents and the nig
gers as soon us the convention is orga
nized. Thoy cannot be trusted. Otllou
and control of the State is what ihey
want and nothing less will ever sat sfy
them. Thoy want control of tho con
vention to undo and destroy every
thing that has beeu done since 1S!)0
and disfranchise enough poor and
illiterate Democrats to give tho
rich man conti ol of South Caro
lina for all time to come. This is
plain talk, but I mean every word I
say.
?' The very idea of the poor men of
Liurens voting for some peaoo-crying
independents to keep them from de
serting their people, who will go to
Columbia and join in witli the other
Independent Democrats to take a.vay
their political rights forever and place
them upon an i quality with the nig
ger, is farcical. Our people are not
fools and they will prove thin when
tho propel time comes. We are for
principle. If they can beat us wo will
yield. It we beat them BOluobody eise
will have to yield. It is no use to dis
guise it any longer. Toe issue is sim
ple. The organized Democracy and
the white man vs. Iudepcndentisni
ai d the nigger. We are ready for the
light, and I have no fears of the re
sult."
''Senator, from what you say, tho
Democrats will assume that you think
the Gouzales crowd have deserted the
Democratic party."
"That is just what I mean. If you
will read this address, which was evi
dently written by Kditor Williams,
you will bo convinced thai thoy have
Jellboratoly surrendered all claims to
Democracy. It is addressed to the
?'People of South Carolina" and not
to the Demoratio parly of the State.
The '"people" include not only ne
groes, but Republicans, with whom I
have believed that there has been an
understanding for more than It year.
The address noes not contain the word
Democrat, und it purposely ignores
the general primary ordered By the
Democratic Committee, while Mr.
lion/ales in their organ (Tho State)
urges its foilowerd in Keforin counties
lo make lurins with the Kofnrmors.
That is the reason why the resolution
to stay out of t Ins Deinoeratie prilliury
wus not carried. This, was done to
fool Reformers in such eounlies us Ab
beville und lOdgctiold. They are ut
lempting to use a double bai rolled gun
on ut?make an Independent straight
tight in close, counties ami expect
Democrats to compromise with then,
in strong It doi in uouolios. If this is
not so, why did the members of the
conference or anti committee applaud
so vigorously the speech of Mr. (Jar
?ngton, editor of tho Spartunburg
Herald, who long ago withdrew pi b
licly from tho Democratic parly 'i
They are Democrats in Keforin conn
tics where they can't elect a delegate,
ana uuti Democrats in nigger or ant1
counties.
" We are not children ami cannot he
fooled in any such way. However, wo
inu.-t he up und doing. Tho conven
tion must be carried by a decisive ma
jority. Wo would bo in dauger witn
a margin of tweiity-ti vc, for there ai'0
always men who s.-e new light after
tin y are sworn in otllCO."
< ? ? ? Ca?
The- l-Yench Broad, In North Caro
linu, was called by tho Indiana Took
yesto, '? tlit: Iittlo roarer." It received
its present name from tho early Bot?
tiers, who called it so on account of its
width at i.mi place, and because the
country to the west was then claimed
by the h'reneb.
?Of the thirty-two Secretaries of
State who have hold olltoo sinoo the
organization of the Government, four
have (lied while in oftioe, Hugh S.
Hoguro of South Carolina: Abel P.
Upshur, of Virginia; Daniel Webster,
of Massachusetts, and WaltorQ. Grcsh
am, of I ndiana.
Recommend Johnson's Magnetic Oil
for rheumatism, neuralgia, sprains.
I bruises, lame back, it quickly relieves
pain. Carpenter Bros., Greenville,
s. 0.
h'its, dizziness, hysteria, wakcful
ness, bad dreams and softening of the
brain quickly cured by Magnetic Ner
vine. Sold by Carpenter Bros., Green*
villo, s. C.
Don't be talked into having an operu
I tlon as it may cost you your life.
I Japanese I'ilo Cure Is guaranteed to
euro you by Carpenter Bros., Green
vlllo, S. C.
TUB WKEKliY Oltot? HtMiKriN.
The Condition Slightly I in pro vi<l Dur
ingiho Week twitltotf June?ftth.
Crops generally , made satisfactory
growth during the week, although
tho weather conditions were not alto
gether favorable, at In many places
it was altogether too dry for pluot
growth, and some km is. uotaoTy
gardens, were praetieally ruined whore
tho showers of the latter portion of tho
weok Insutll dent.
Of tho staple crops nothing eaa ho
said but that they made u general
but slow im pro emeut, more marked
in cotton than in any other crop, but
corn, tobacco, rice, melons und amber
cane ail show gains.
As to sections, crop-* are tho host
iu Greenville, l'ickens, Uuiou, Lau?
reu?, Newbjrry, Fair Held and por
tions of Spartanbui g and York Comi
ties, whore they are up to a high
average condition, especially cotton;
Wlliiamsburg county has apparently
the poorest crops, and the prospects
there aro characterized as gloomy.
Grasshoppers, in large numbers,
have apeured in the upper part of
Nowborry county, and have boon most
destructive to corn holds: the tobicoo
worm is troublesome in portions of
Florence county ; corn on low lands
has been damaged s mie by worm iu
Chesterfield county ; injury to cotton
by lice is reported from Oraugeburg
county.
The totnperuture was from f> to 8
degrees below the uoruial ou tho lirst
of tho wuok (18th), with exceptionally
tow minimum temperatures, for this
?oiuioo, over tho western portions of
the State ou tlio ISth und l!>th, tho
days wore generally quite hot. Dur
ing tho greater portions of the wook
tho tompcruluro rungod slightly ahovo
tho normal, making tho average for
the week approximately seasonable,
Thu highest temperature reported
luring tho week was hi) on tho -2nd
at Dlnckvillo; tho lowest reported
was 52 on the 18th at Liberty, Green?
; v ille and Uheraw ; on the IDth at
Mayflold and Greenvlllo. The mean
temperature of the week for the State
?vas about 78.5, and the normal hj&fti
the same period is approximately '?\*.
The weather was Injuriously dry
over a huge portion of the State until
the 22nd (Saturday), when showers
.vero quite general over the Western
.iud neutral portions : by the 23rd
,Snndny.1, the showery conditions
reached the oast, and on tho 24th
(Monday), there were heavy showers
in the central countu s, but it is not
known at tue central ollice how gen
oral or extended t!.. y were.
On tho whole, tho rainfall of the
week was not well distributed, many
places bad enough while others hail
barely Bullloloni to moisten the sur
fnee, where soaking rain was needed.
The showers were not, however, eon
lined to any portion ol the Slate. In
places gardens are greatly impaired,
for want of rain, and grass for bay in
the upper Savannah valley is also
needing rain badly : corn was show
ing a tendeuey to wilt. The rains
that have fallen since the reports were
rendered may have changed these
conditions entirely.
Ttio heaviest ruin full was reported
from Stateburg, where 2..'1* inches
fell on tho -'2d : on tho 23d 2.1!? fell
>it C-amdon. The average of 2S re
ports of rainfall for tho week is 0.72
(in this tho rains of Sunday are only
partially represented, and the rains
of Monday not at all j: the normal for
the same period is approximately 1.25,
being 1.50 in the (Custom portion
and 1.00 in the central Western por
tions.
There were local high winds ac
companying thunderstorms that were
more or loss destructive to crops, but
they were of limited oxtout.
Tho sun-hine was generally exces
sive, ranging.">'.? pur cent, of the pos
sible at Hold, Greenville County, to
100 at Conway, Horry County. The
average for the State was about 7* per
cent.
Cotton has steadily improved in
condition, and is quite satisfactory
generally, though it continues small,
with some exceptions in the central
and ICastorD counties, where its con
dition is reported very poor und do
teriorating. Tue plant bus started to
make a fast growth, has a good color
and fair stand. Early planting blos
soming. Lice have about disappeared.
Crop generally clean.
Corn looks very promising over tho
entire state, but tho stalk Is generally..
reported tobe low yet th lck> -^fairly
planting being laid by.' Tye crop clean
and well cultivated.
During the middle of tho week the
grounds became ' a* bard ami diy to
plant stubble lands to corn, hut this
work will be resumed now that ruins
have fallen. Grasshoppers destroying
corn in Nowberry county, and worms
in Chesterfield.
Wh out harvest Hearing completion
with fairly satisfactory yields, being
in many instances bettor than antici
pated.
Winter oats about all hat'vested with
sotnewh it loss than an average yield.
Spring oats are being cut and thoyiold
generally poor.
I'eas have improved greatly al
though Holds that have ujcii sown
Wlthlll the past, three weeks have been
slow to crmlnato.
Melon.- are doing well lately and
promise a large crop.
Tobacco is a very line crop gen
erally, nut reports from Darlington
county indicate that the dry WOUthel'
injured the crop somewhat: worms
nuinorous in portions of Florence
county.
Ulco is doing exceedingly Well and
is in a satisfactory, condition whure
evor its cultivation bus buun;attempted <
in tho Stute /
P? aches that are rip ning now arej
gen. rally small and disappointing. 1t.^
is said the reason is that the trees
ttl'O overloaded. This can bu reinodiod
Oil I.der varh ties by freely culling
each tree if needed. It is believed
that the time, ami labor required would
hu tvoll i'opuld.
Gardons have heim seriously Im
paiicd by tho dry weather, but, ItG,
believed um entirely rained oxeopi in
rar?' Instances. The favorable ralm
of the last lew days will rovivo thoin
to a great extent.
?Good farming pays hoeuiia*! it en
ables the land In bear better crops in
the future. Hundreds nl farmers who
may have lost money one year lind
that they may have made a profit the.
next booauao the'r elf ?rts li.l n d> bring
forth fruit until later. There is wealth
in the soil that isslor.ul up for usedur
| ing sueeessive seasons.
I Ion. .1. I 'i OOtOI' K DOtt, who is now a
col eflo professor at G. liter College,
Ky., is to undertake the odltorshlpof
a free silver coinage newspaper 1 In
Louisville during the vacation days of
tho school. If the new paper should
not he sueeos-ifu! enough in these two
or three months to insure permanency
he will return to his duties as an edu
cator.
?jj ? ? i ??
Johnson's Magnetic oil cures cramps
and colic and internal neuralgia; 10
und 70 cents. Sold at Carpenter lb os.,
Greenville S. C.

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