Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XL LAURENS, S. C, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1895 NO.^ei
Pursuit of Knowledge.
What 1? Us earthly victory T Press on I
For it hath tempted angels. Yet press on!
For it Bhall make you mighty among
And from tho eye of your eagle thought
Ye shall look down on monarchs. O
press on 1
For all the high and powerful shall come
To do you reverence ; and the beautiful
Well know the purer language of your
And read it like a talisman of love!
Pross on I for it is Uodlike to unloose
Tho Spirit and forgetting ourself in
Bending a pinion for the deeper sky,
And, in the very fetters of your llesh,
Mating with tho pure essence of heavun !
Press on I " for in the grave there is no
And no device." Press on I While yet
j ?x. p. mm*.
A Delinquent Subscriber.
BY EMMA BENNETT.
It was tho lato afternoon of a sultry
July day. The heat was Intense, ami
all the doora and windows of John
Dame's little unpainted farmhouse j
were open wide. John Uamo's farm
house did I say '?: Had you asked any
one of the inhabitants for a radius of
twenty mi'os round, who It was that ,
lived in the old-fashioned, tumid,
down structure that stood on tho
poorest, most unprofitable pieco of |
land in the county, the answer wou'd
have come prompt and unanimous,
?' Matildy Dame." It wad a..uust
twenty years ago now, slnoe John |
Dame had commenced gradually to'
fade out of the minds of his neighbors, |
as an actual oxlstence. Matildy could
have told you the exact date.
"Twenty years ago, come the 21 at of
August, since John got his stroke."
Perhaps thoy had exhausted their
sympathy upon him that fatal day so
long ago. Sympathy seems ever to
partake of tbe evanescent nature of
the springtime blossom called suddenly
into being, beautiful and tender while
it lasts, but soon to die ! John Dame's
pale face at the window, or his shrunk
en form in the wheeled chair, drawn
out on the narrow little porch, had
grown to be as familiar a sight to the
passing farmers as Bill Jenkin's wind
mill?which was something of a nine
day's wonder a few years before?and
elioited little moro thought of pity.
Since tho sun had slanted low enough
in the heavens to keep it from shining
under covor of tho porch into John's
eyes, Matildy bad drawn him out in
his wheeled ohair. Ho sat there with
closed eyes aud head resting back.
His face was calm with that enforced
calmness that years of helplessness
had worn there. He was an old man
now, past sovonty, yot, despite tho
living death of tho last twenty years,
he was almost ehildliko in bis repose.
Matildy came briskly around tho
corner of thu house, milk-pall in hand.
"I'm a-goin, to got the chores douo
early to-night, If you want anything,
' just rap with this stick. 1 shan't bo
gone only a few minutes, anyhow."
John nodded and half opeuod his ?
eyos to gaze admiringly after her, as
she vanished at tho ond of tbe porch.
He had never got ?vor wondering at
her, that she was able to get along
without him. Matildy had been suoh a
clinging, dependent sort of a woman.
Ho didn't understand that the vory
nature that cluug to him then would
cling to him now. Matildy was sixty
five, but she was as smart and lively
as many a woman of forty. Since her i
husband's misfortune twenty yoars
before, she had supported the family,
making garden, doing the farmohores,
selling eggs and buttor and cottago
eheeBe and driving to town during the
summer, and daily disposing of her
wares from house to house. It was
her activity that had kept them long
ago from tho poor-house. To-night
when she had finished tbe milking,
John heard her come in the back door
of the house and boglr setting the
table for supper.
'? Matildy," he called softly.
She was at the door in an instant.
How patient, how unwoarylng she had
always been with him !
*? Ain't It tho night for the paper ?"
he asked wistfully.
" Lemmo see?yes, 'tis. Friday
night, of course."
" You're too tired, ain't you, and it's
too hot "?he began hesitatingly.
No, I ain't too tired," she interrupt
ed. M and it'll be cooler after supper.
I'll have you wlpo the dishes so I can
get started sooner."
This was an Innocent little fabrica
tion of Matlldy's to make him believe
he wan doing nor a groat sorvice. In
those first awful days, and weeks,
when he would wear himself out with
bemoaning his fato and groat sobs
would break from him to see tho hard
work that she did, and he helpless as
a child at-her side, she would strive
to divert the flood of his dospalr by
" Now, see here, John Dame, none of
this is going to do any good. Talk's
cheap, anyhow, why don't you do some
thing to help me instead of taking on
about things you can't help. Just
take hold of this towol and wipe these
dishes," and she had wheeled his chair
up to the table in a trice. John was
very clumsy at first, but it dolightod
his soul to do something, and Matildy
had enlarged upon "the big help it
was"?she "didn't mind tho washing,
but she always did hate to wipe dlshos"
? until John had come to believe that
so long as he wipod the dishes, tho
rest of Matlldy's work was a compara
tively light matter. Now a gleam of
pleasure shot over his pale face, and ho
again sank baok and closed his eyes.
"Poor John I" Matildy sighed to
herself. "The paper's about the only
pleasure he gets out of life."
Yes, poor John I and poor Matildy !
Doar, loving unselfish old woman !
She was tired, and It was so hot, and
the walk to the post-ofllce was a mile
and a half ovor dusty country roads.
It hardly seemed to her that she ceuld
drag her weary feot ail the way there.
But if it would give John any pleasure,
this had beon tho supremo object in
Matildy Dame's life for twonty long
years?Is It likely that a walk of a
mile and a half would deter her now V
Bhe hurried about tho suppor, and
when they had dispatched it together,
she hastily " plokcd up tho dishes'
and rinsed them through the hot
water, while John seatod at hor sldo,
dish-towel In hand, wiped them care
"If I'd a thought about the paper,"
ehe said refleotlvely, "I might nave
sent by-Fred Thompson. I saw him a
driving by with tho hay eolt 'long in
the afternoon, guess he was going to
" Matildy, now If it's a-golng to be
too for ye," the old man inter
"Oh, shucks!" and Matildy gaily
tied the strings of her oheeked sun
bonnet under her ehin, and with a
deoisive nod at her better half, came
and drew him out on tho cool poroh
again and then stepped oh* in sprightly
fashion down the country road. As
?ras his custom, John watched her as
far as he could see her small, straight
little figure until it vanished in the
distance. Several times Matildy
looked back furtively over her shoul
der, but it was not until sue reached a
bend in the road that she sank down
, exhausted upon a grassy knoll, and
fanning herself with her over-skirt,
' gasped for breath.
"Good gracious 1 Ain't I glad John
Dame can't see me now! If an old
woman nigh seventy didn't walk off
like a young gal of Blxteen, he'd be
sour od out of his wits 1"
After several minutes rest, she pur
sued her way at a more leisurely pace.
It was cooler which made it easier to
walk. The post-oflloe like many coun
try post-offices occupied one corner of
j a store, and the postmaster passed out
i letters In his oflioial eapaolty, and
' weighed sugar as a private individual.
Sometimes one capacity got in the way
of the other rapacity, as to-night.
Whon Matildy Dame entered the door
several men were lounging on the
steps outside and more were distributed
about on the counter, barrels and
boxes Inside. The postmaster himself
was in his private capacity, drawing
molasses in the far end of the store.
Ho glanced over his Bhoulder as she
entered, however, and nodded. "Good
evening, Miss Dame."
" Bill, just step Inside and hand her
a letter out o' box forty-three," he said
to one of tho loungers.
Bill promptly obeyed. "A letter for
ye, Missis Dame."
"But where's -the paper? Didn't
the paper come ?" Bhe inquired, finger
ing tho envelope anxiously.
"Didn't her paper come?" asked
the man. " Any of you got Mis&es
Dame's paper ?" glanoing about among
the loungers, many of whom were
devouring tho news from papers the
postmaster had carefully slipped out
of their wrappers and kindly loaned
" No, hor paper didn't couio," tho
post master answered, com in? to the
front of the store and setting his pall
of molasses upon the counter. "There's
a lot of them didn't come this time."
".lohn']I be so disappointed I" and
Matildy's voice quavered. " What do
you s'pose has happened ? It's always
hero regular Friday night "
"P'raps the letter tells something
about it," the man addressed as Bill
The postmaster shook his head at
him over Matildy's shoulder, but tho
words were said.
"Sure enough, maybe it does,"
Matildy said eagerly, "I ain't no idea
who it can be from," and ahe uorvously
tore off one corner of tho envelope.
"Here, Mr. Simmons, you read it to
me," handing it to the postmaster.
" I never brought my glasses."
" It's addressed to Mister Dame,"
the postmaster hesitated. "Maybe he
won't like it."
"John not like it?fudgo 1" said
Matildy. " Just road It, please."
The postmaster, still hesitating,
finished tearing tho envelope acrosb.
Uo cleared his throat, glance nervously
about tho room, and began ;
"Mr. John Dame, Milburn Centre,?
Ho paused, here, and glanced at Ma
"Go on," she said impatiently. The
1>ostmaster gulped something down in
iin throat and continued bis reading.
Tho task was evidently distasteful to
"We have jupt purchased tho Brigh
ton News of its former owners, and are
going over our subscription list with
u view to retaining only those sub
scribers whose papers are paid to tho
present year. Wo lind your paper
owing for twenty years back, and have
discontinued same. TTpon receipt of
arrearage and one years subdcrlptlon
in advance, we shall bo pleased to put
your name again upon our list. We
intend to run our businoss on a strictly
cash basis, with pay in advance, in
Tho postmastor had read It slowly at
first, but as he went on with the read
ing, he hurried the words after one
another, so they were scarcely dis
tinguishable But Matildy understood
what it all moaut, ?von though she did
not catch all the words. Sne stood
there white and immovable. Her thin
old face seemed suddenly frost-bitten,
as a well-kept apple exposed to the
frost, with all its little lines fixed and
accentuated. For a moment she stood
silont, looking at the postmaster, who
strove to gaze off into infinity. Then
she said stlftly:
"Thank you, Mr. Simmons. Good
uight to you all," including the several
loungers, who were listening pity
" Hero's the letter," and the post
master followed to the door handing it
Poor old soul 9 Completely exhaust
ed of mind and body she crept slowly
along muttering to horself broken sen
tence* as she went.
"The only pleasure John had in life
?and that is taken away from him !
What'U I tell him Y When he sees I
haven't got it with me, he'll know
something is the matter, and 'twould
kill him to toll him. He's watched
for that paper every week for twenty
years now, and he's read it over and
over, advertisements and all, until tho
next one come. O John 1 John I
What'U you over do without it!" and
the despairing woman wrung her
hands us she sped along tho darkening
road. The way had soemed so long
when coming, and now it was so short
?in a few moments tho little old
house would be in sight, the gate would
olick, and the helpless, patient figure
on the porch would eagerly stretch
out his white thin hands to her for
I the paper, and she must disappoint
him. She stopped and waited, leaning
heavily against a pile of wood that was
piled up along the road, she walked
slower and slower, she even turned
and retraced her steps, but tho thought
that John would be worrying about
her,' oaused her to turn back again.
She must go on and tell him some
thing. She braced herself for the
effort, and with every nerve strained,
The moon was at its full, Its mellow
light slanting across the green holds
on either Bide making them to rival
the golden stroets painted In I Involu
tion, but Matlldy walked amidst all
its gorles unseeing, unthinking, with
a heart given to despair. Another
moment and the corner of the dilapi
dated old fence was a sight, and then
I the old wood colored house beautified
and picturesque in its mantle of moon
light, stood out olear and plain before
her. She followed up tho little beaten
I path to tho poroh. The gentle touch
I of a rising . breeze stirred the leaves
overhead and east their reflections on
the ground under her feet as shadows
! that come and go on the surface w
'? the water. The grapevine that clung
i tenderly about the poroh showed silver
and gold, as it hung in the shadow or
caught the full splendor of the moon's
1 rays. Well back, under oover of the
Kreh, beneath this halo of grapevine
?ves, was the whoeled chair, and
John with eyes olosed and head thrown
carelessly back?asleep. For a mo
ment Matlldy breathed froely?even a
Short reprieve was a cause, for grati
tude. She stood waiting on the porch
beside him, expecting each moment
to hear the dreaded question: "Did
you get the paper, Matildy?" Still
she waited beside him. The unchang
ing silence, with her overwrought
nerves, became absolute pain. With
a woman's longing to be soothed and
comforted, she turned to him. Some
how in the soft light he looked
stronger, more manly, more as he used
over him tenderly. "John !" There
was no answer from the peaceful rest
"John, dear! John 1" and now sho
was resting her hands on his shoulders
and gazing anxlouslv down on his up
turned, sleeping face.
Still no answer, and as she continued
to gaze, the moonlight orept in under
the porch and revealed to hejt a look
that only angels wear. She did not
faint nor scream as some women would
have done, Bhe had lived for him so
long, she thought of him first even
now, and the disappointment that sho
could not shield him from. She bent
over and pressed her wrinkled ohoek
against his calm, unchanging one, and
sobbed in a voloe where tears mingled
"Thank God, dear. You'll never miss
it now I?
For the delinquent subscriber was
TrtB WKATHBR AND CHOI'S.
The Excessive Heat Was an Advantage
to Corn and Damaged Cotton.
The following Is the -report of the
weather bureau for the week ending
The post week was characterized
by its excessive heat, which, with the
wet condition of the ground and gen
erally light winds, gave the weather
a hot-house condition and wich a
slmlliar foroed growth to crops. Corn
profiled by those conditions, and that
of latest planting Is now fully or nearly
ripe, so that now the entire corn orop
is fully made and entirely independent
of heat, cold, drought or rain, except
so far as those conditions would atfcot
gathering and housing it. Cotton in
places grew too muoh to weed under
foroed growth, and on light sandy land
growth ceased and the plant is
turning yellow and shedding its leaves
as well as its shapes. Small field crops
mado wonderful growth and aro gen
erally in excellent condition. The
showers of the week hindered rice
The temperature ranged stoadly
above the usual, from 3 to 6 dog roes
per day, until Monday, the 3d, when
there was a sudden drop to about 3
The week was one of the warmest
of the season, but without excessivoly
hot single days; the nights were warm,
and the daily range small. The high
est temperature reported was 101 at
Gllllsonvilleon the 27th (Tuesday) and
the lowest 02 at Batesburg on the
30th (Friday). The weekly moan tem
Seraturo of thirty stations was about
1 ond the normal for the samo period
Is approximately 77.
There wore numerous showors in all
portions of the State, and fourteen
places report amounts greater titan
the usual, ranging from 1.50 inches to
3.87, tho latter being the largest
amount reported, and foil at Trial,
Berkely County. Over the larger
portion of the State ioss than tho
usual amount fell, and the averago of
thirty-three reports is 1.34 inches ; the
normal for the same period is approxi
There was more than tho usual
amount of sunshine, the duration hav
ing averaged about 70 per cent, of tho
possible, but along the ooast there was
a slight deficiency. Held, Greenville
County, and Charleston both reported
on 37 per cent, of possible sunshine.
There wore two or three local wind
storms that damaged crops, in the
vicinity in which they occurred, to a
small extent; and bottom lands in
Lancaster Courty wore lloodod and
some corn ruiued. In Alken County
muoh swamp corn was drowned In the
freshet of tho previous week, but the
sum total of the damage to crops Is
The reports, with but few exceptions,
state that tho weather was unfavorable
for cotton whloh continues to shed
freely in all portions of the State, and
rust has become more 'general during
the week. Boll worms are not report
ed from any but Edgofield County,
where, however, they have done much
Cotton Is opening freely over the
entire State, but picking has not boon
actively begun in tho western counties,
but will be during the present week.
The bolls are said to be of large size
generally and the staple as a rule of
Fodder pulling is fast nearing com
pletion in all but the extreme northern
Jtortionso' the State. A great doal of
odder was damaged by tho rains and
the weather generally was unfavorable
for curing. Tho hot moist weather of
the past week ripened corn very fast
and has made the crop.
Tho harvesting of rice has boon
pushed in the Goorgotown and lower
ooast regions, but was hlndorod con
siderably by showery weather. The
fraln is said to be full large and yield
ng well. Some upland rice harvested;
the crop is a very fine ono.
The tobacco orop has about all boon
gathered, and farmers are jubilant as
the sales progress, showing remunera
Peas are generally doing finely.
Sorghum boiling well under way
and the yield of syrup is satisfactory.
Sweet potatoes doing woll, but run
ning too muoh to vine.
Late fruit excellont, and tho apple
orop in Greenville County promises to
oxooed the best of former years. Pas
turage excellent. Peanuts, turnips,
also good crop.
Lands being prepared for winter
vegetables ana oats.
GltASS IN the Streets.?Tho manu
facturer's Record says a new industry
has rooently boon started In Norfolk.
It is a plant for tho manufacture of
paving blocks out of fibres of graes
growing on salt water marshes. Tho
grass is subjeoted to a heavy presuro.
and large square blocks-come out of
the press, when three ciroular saws
take nold of tho bloek and out it into
smaller blocks of about ft 1-2 Inches
thick, provided lengthwise with strong
wire. These blocks ar<> then subjected
to a bath in three different tanks of
different kiuds of oil whioh make the
fibre supple. These blocks have been
tested for paving purposes in Phlladel
Khla for over a year on one of the
uslest streets near tho stock yards,
and have, it is said, stood the test re-1
?"-.arkarty well. They make a smooth,
noiseless pavement on whioh it is
claimed horses cannot slip. Large
contracts for these paving blocks havo
been secured in Pittsburgh and New
York. The plant as now established
turns out about 400 to 500 yards per
day of this paving, and tho owners ex
peot to soon enlarge it considerably.
Thus one more industry for the South
THE OHIOKAMAUGA BATTLEFIELD.
this (l111-:AT change: on this
A National Park Where the Hoots
Contended In Grim Array.
The United States has wrought a
great transformation upon the old bat
tle grounds of Chlokamauga, and tho
National Military Park to be dedicated
Sept. 19th and 20th, in the preBeuce of
the President of the United States,
Congressmen and Senators aud all the
Governors of the various States who
will find it convenient to be there,
promises to be one of the great events
of the year, in which all the nation
will be interested.
Three years ago a bill was passed by
Congress appropriating large sums of
monoy for establishing a National Mll
itaty Park on this historic spot. A
commission was appointed consisting
Gens. J. S. Fullerton, Federal; Gen. A.
P. Stewart, Confederate ; and Major
Frank G. Smith, of tho United States
regular army, and to their care was
entrusted the task of establishing such
memorials upon Chlokamauga battle
field as might serve a national military
objeot lesson illustrative of American
fiatriotlsm, American pride, and Araer
During the three yours that have
elapsed, the work of beautifying this
celebrated spot has steadily pro
gressed, and now tho commissioners
announce ready for the opening of the
park and Invite tho dlgnataries of tho
land and all voteranB of the civil war,
who wore both blue and grey, to join
in the oo'ebration of the anniversary
of this historic battle, at the dedica
tion this year.
More than 0,000 acres of ground,
where tho battle was fought, have
been purchased by the government,
hundreds of beautiful monuments
erected at heavy expense, observation
towers havo boon constructed on every
historic hill-Bide, forty miles of turn
pike road havo boon gradod through
tho ground, and paved with crush
lime-stone, and the national Hag now
waves from a lofty pinnacle, over a
Hceno of beauty and rare charm.
The understanding has boon colossal,
and executed upon no trifling plan.
At a cost of more than three-quarters
of a million dollars the government
has wrought many changes upon this
historic Hold, every inch of which has
crumpled bonoatb the tramp of clash
ing armies and heroes of one of tho
fiorootjt battles of tho late conflict be
tween the States. In addition to the
amounts appropriated from timo to
time by the National Congress, thlrty
throo States have added, through
their Legislatures, largo sums of
monoy donatod for tho purpose of
building monuments on the particular
spot which mark the doods of bravory
of thoir respective troops in the en
Tho State of Ohio, which contribut
ed more soldiers than any other State
In the Union to the Hgbt at Cbieka
mauga, appropriated $100,000, and ap
pointed a commission to make expen
diture of money In the direction
named ; tho Stato of Illinois appropri
ated nearly $40,000; Minnesota has
erected many expensive mouumonts ;
Now York lias a splondid representa
tion; Missouri has expended $5,000,
building historical markers; and In
diana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Massachusetts, Michigan, Pennsylva
nia, Texas, Tennessee, Virginia, Wis
consin, Georgia, Florida, Soutli and
North Carolina havo appointed com
missions to co-operato with tho Nation
al Commission In the work of clearing
up all disputed points of history.
Some of tho monuments that havo
boon built by tho States aro oxponsivo
and elaborate, the work being ohiefly
of marblo and bron/.o. Tho govern
ment has built eight pyramidal monu
ments, which aro located upou the
spots wbore fell the olght commanders
of tho brigrado in this fierce and fu
rious battle-storm ; four of those briga
dier generals foil on the Union side
and four on tho Confederate side.
Thoro is a world of interest in the
old battlefield as it appears today. To
the traveler, driving through the
park, tho monuments confront the eye
here and there throughout tho groat
area of wild woods, In conspicuous re
lief. Upon each- of those monuments
Is Inscribed a bit of history of the bat
tle, telling what happonod upon that
peculiar spot during tho three terrible
days of frightful onslaught of tho two
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BATTLE.
Tho battle of Chiekaraauga, result
ing in the doath of 20,000 soldiers, as
brave as over rushod into a battle front
whore the stifling smell of smoke and
carnage came hottest has gone to his
tory as the Amoricai. Waterloo.
The United States government could
not havo selected a more appropriate
field for the building of a military
object lesson to exemplify tho bravery
and heroism of American patriots
than these battle grounds, and
future generations will learn tbore_for
years to come the measure and stand
ard of Amorican valor and gallantry.
It was on tho 18th of September,
18M, that tho first bombshell at Chiok
amauga burst over Heed's bridge and
scattered consternation among the
armies that had encamped on two op
fosito hillsides eloso at hand. Tho
Jnlon army had sent a detachment of
cavalrymen down to tho bridge to re
connoltor. Thoy had been instructed
to cross the bridgo, ascertain tho
whereabouts of tho enemy's liuos and
tear up the planks on tho bridge in or
dor that tho Confederates might not
uso It in crossing Chickamauga crook.
Tho cavalrymen had just Hnlsbod
loosening tho planks on the bridge
whon a borrb exploded over thoir
hoads and thoy woro sont otT galloping
down thooreek tx> find another crossing
placo, the shell displacing several of
the planks thoy had on Rood's bridge
There was a great deal of skirmish
ing immediately aftor tho first shot
from the Confoderato batteries which
had been concealed noar tho brldgo in
tho thick undergrowth that covered
tho wholo face of that region of coun
try. But the battle of Chlckamauga
proper did not begin In dead earnest
until tho noxt day when General Bragg
In charge of the Confedoratos forces
clashod with tho Union troops under
command of General Rosecrans and
preoipltatod what was promised in the
very outset to bo ono of the doadliost
battles of tho Civil War. The Union
soldiers were at considerable dlsadvan
tage, not bolng accustomed to tho
mountainous country about, but thoy
were waging a furious light all tho
morning of the 18th of September and
would have certainly whipped tho bat
tlo, but for the timely arrival of Gon
eral Longstreet from tho Virginia
campaign with his legions of tigers.
Longstreet landed his mon from tho
traiu on tho Western and Atlantic I
Railroad on the 18th at a little station
oallod Rlnggold. Thoy bad not been
on the battle fled half an hour before
thoy found themselves right in the
thickest of the fight. Thoy entered
the engagement with that determina
tion whloh marked Longstreet's sol
diers during the entire war and did not
cease fighting when night oarae.
The next day was Sunday, the 18th
of September, and tho two armies woro
in fierce engagement all day. It was
late in the afternoon of that day that
Loagstreet's men broke the Federal
line near the old Brotherton House.
The exact spot is at the oorner of a
vast field and a neck of woods, and is
marked today by four handsome his
torical tablets of iron which the Na
tional Military Park Commissionors
have bad placed to mark this impor
tant incident in the battle.
Even after Longstreet had thus
broken the backbone of the battle,
General Thomas, of the Union army,
held his ground on Snodgrass Hill with
obstinacy and bravery seldom equalled
in a battle betweon such desperate
men. Ho was finally ordered by Gen
eral Roseoraus to retreat and did so
with seeming roluutance. If ho had
not held out so manfully as ho did, no
body can toll but that the Confeder
ates would have followed up the' army
of Roseoraus and swept them far back
into the mountains of Northern Ton
nosseo before General Grant and Gen
eral Sherman oould have arrived on
the scene to get in thoir deadly work
which followed subsequently when
" the battlo among tho clouds," and
tho battle of Mlaaionary Ridge were
ABOUT THE DEDICATION.
There will probably he moro old sol
diers from both sides gathered at the
dedioatloa of the National Military
Park at Chlokamauga than have over
assembled since the war.
The celebration of the event will oc
cur on tho ltith and 20th of September,
and tho oity of Chattanooga is making
ovory preparation to entertain the
armies in blue and gray most royally.
The Prosidentof the United States will
deliver an address and formally dedi
cate tho park. Both houses of Con
gress have been Invited to pttend, and
all tho Governors of the States that
form the Union.
The annual encampment of the
Grand Army of the Itopubllo will be
held in Louisville, Ky., tne week prior
to the dedication, and It will bo con
venient for thousands of the veterans
from tho North to run down to Chatta
nooga, and wltnes88 the grandest de
monstration over bad by the two arm
los that fougbt undor Grant and Loe.
It will, in point of fact, bo a rousing
reunion between tho mon of the South
and tho Noith and will do much to
ward obliterating sectionalism and
binding tho men of America in the
spirit of brotherhood which should
predominate all else. There is a vast
deal of Interest manifested In tho un
dertaking through tho South and the
West and the North in common, and
theeelobration gives full promise of
proving the climax to the recent sea
son of liberality and loyalty between
all sections of tho Republic.
HUNG FOR MURDER.
A White Man Suffers tho Extreme
Penalty of tho Liaw.
A special to the Jacksonville Times
Union from Jaspor, Fla., says that
Joseph 13. Norton, white, was hanged
on the 2vd inst. for the murder of
James Uonmark, auothor whito man,
on tho night of Jauuary 4, 1895. h.
was intended that tho oxocution
should bo privutc, aud a high fence
had boon erected around tho gallows,
but the crowd toro this down and H.OOO
porsons saw the hanging.
Norton ascondod tho gallows at 11:15,
stopping as firm' a if ho woro wulk
Ing to his dinuor instead of to his
death. Ho said in his statement that
he did not kill Donmark, but that his
lifo had been sworn away by perjured
witnossos. Ho pointed out Miles and
McAlpiu as two of the men who had
sworn falsely against him. This al
most caused a riot. Young McAlpin,
who is a son of Representative MoAi
pin, made a desperate effort to got at
Norton, evidently Intending to assault
him. Sheriff Polhill called on the
crowd to assist him and McAlpin was
finally arrested aud order restored.
Norton concluded by calling on God
to wituoMH that it was Judson Taylor
who killed Donmark. Tho trap was
then sprung and Norton's doath fol
lowed instantly, his nock being broken.
A novel feature of the execution was
that at Norton's request, a whito gauze
voll was pulled over his faco instead
of the tragical black cap.
On tho night of January 4, Norton
and his bride of a few weoks attended
a ball given In thoir honor. During
the ball young Denmark gave Norton
a pistol to keep for him and thon
began dancing with Mrs. Norton.
I While Donmark was dancing with the
young wife, ho did something to her
that enraged Norton. The husband
jerked Denmark from Mrs. Norton's
arms and struck him to the lloor.
Then as Denmark trlod to rise, he was
shot doad with tho pistol ho had given
Norton to keep. Today Norton said
that ho dropped the pistol and that
Judson Taylor picked it up and shot
Denmark. Norton always claimed
that Denmark had grossly iuuultod
Norton was a magnificent specimen
of manhood, bolng fully seven feet
high and weighing 250 pounds, with
out an ounco of surplus flesh. Do was
thirty years of ago and born In Wll
liauibburg, S. C, where his family
still live. He is the third white man
hanged In Florida since tho war.
THE CHOP STATEMENT.
The Largest Yield, of Cotton on Hcc
ord?Interesting JP'tgures from the
Annual Report in New Orleans.
Tho Now Orleans cotton exchango
statement has been issued. The cot
ton crop of tho United States for tho
year ending Augi.ot 1, 1885, is as fol
lows, tho flguros being given in round
thousands: North Carolina, otc.,
4(55,000 bales, South Carolina, 800,000,
Georgia, 1,300.000, Alabama 1,000.000,
Florida OOjOOO. Mississippi 1,200,000,
Louisiana 000,000, Arkansas 850,000,
Tennosuoo, etc., 350,000, Texas 3,270,
000. Total crop 0,901,000. The Texas
crop, which amounts In exact figures
to 3,275,858 balos, lncludos 120.082 bales
grown in Indian Territory. The state
ment of overland this year Includes
80,000 bales by two railroads that havo
not hitherto boon considered as cotton
handlors. Tho cotton crop of tho
United States for the year ending Au
gust 31, 1805, giving port receipts,
overland and Southern consumption,
is as Mlows : "Port receipts 8.000,177
bales, Southern consumption 807,073
bales, overland 1,087,101 bales. Total
orop 0,001,251 balos. The total South- I
orn consumption was 802,838 balos and i
inclndod 54,805 balos taken from and
counted at Southern outports.
The totals of Secretary Hester's an
nual report of tho cotton crop of the
United States aro very Interesting.
Thoy show receipts of cotton at all
United States ports for the year of
8,000,177 bales against 5,040,002 last
year ; overland 1,087,111, against 031.
706; Southern consumption taken di
reot from the interior of the cotton
belt 8o7,073 against 078,010, making
the cotton crop of the United States
for 1884-05 amount to 0,001,251 bales,
; against 7,740,817 last vear and 6,700,
365 the year before. - e excess shown
over the ) argoi-.t crop ever marketed
before?that of 1801-92. when tho total
was 0,035,370 -is 865,872 bales.
Mr. Heater hau been inakiug an in
vestigation into the consumption of
cotton by every mill in the South, in
cluding woolen mills that havo used
cotton, and tho results show a total of
8112,838 bales ; but of this, 54,86(1 were
taken from our ports, including port
receipts. This total shows that the
mills of the South have usod up over
144,000 naoro than during 1892-03.
He maker the actual cotton crop of
Texas, Including Indian Territory,
3,275,858 bales, or say 210,798 more
than last years and states that tho
actual production of Indian Territory
was 120.982 balos.
Mr. Hester's full roport contain in
teresting facts in relation to the in
crease in the spindles of Southern
mills and to new mills which will come
into operation during tho yoar. Ho
will state that, with anything liko fair
trade, the South will roqulro 1,000,000
biiles to feed her spindles during 1895
Ho makes tho average weight of the
orop 9 1-2 pounds por halo moro than
last season, and says that it equals
10,089,000 bales of last year's orop and
10,090,000 balos of tho growth of 1892,
when the South has actually pro
duced this season 1,064,000 bales more,
than the largest commercial crop pre
viously on record.
THE DISPENSARY CASKS.
The State Clots the Best of tho Fight
In the United States Court.
Tho first of a series of casus brought
by the enemies of tho dispensary law
was heard by Judge Charles II. Simou
ton in the Federal building on Wed
nesday morning. This is the caso of
one Lowenstelu, a cltizou of North
Carolina, against Gov. John Gary
Evans and others, mombors of tho
State board of control. Tho complain
ant sues tho board of control for $150,
being throe tiiues tho value of a pack
age of liquor seized and eon?scatod Oy
the authorities and belonging to Low
Tho action Is brought under tho an
ti-monopoly law passed by Congress in
1890. This law forbids the creation of
a monopoly by any person, corporation
or association, and tho question is
whether or not the State can bo con
sidered as coining under either of
these three heads. Tho defence en
tered a demurrer to the complaint,
claiming that the action is in reality
against the State, as tho defendants
are acting as tbo agents of tho Stato
and by its authority, and also claiiuiug
that tho disponsary act is not in viola
tion of tho anti-monopoly law.
Tho complainant was represented by
Murphy & Farrow, while Attorney
General Barber and his assistant, C.
P. Townsond, appeared for the Stato
board of control. Mr. Barber mado the
opening argument, defining fully tho
position of tho defense und giving nu
merous authorities to sustain it. Mr.
Farrow followed for the complainant
in a longthy and able argument. He'
spoke from a type-written manuscript
aud his citations of authorities woro
numerous. District Attorney Murphy
was uuwcll and spoke only a short
while. He attempted a reduotio ad
abslurdum of tho argumout in favor ol
tho dispensary law and dwolt on tbo
"spirit " of tho anti-monopoly law.
Judge Simonton interrupted Mr.
Murphy and stated tho puiut at issue,
desiring him to confine his argument
to that. The court hold that if tho
ytato had given monopoly of the whis
key business to a corporation, tho act
would bo fatally dofoetivo, but that
such was not tho caso. "Is tho State
a person, corporation or association,"
asked Judgo Stmontou and to this
question Mr. Murphy directed the rest
of his argument.
Tho Attorney General concluded tho
argument in an able speech, denying
that the anti-monopoly law applied in
It is probable that Judge Simonton
will come to a decision in tho case in a
wook or ten days, and those capable of
judging think it will bo favorable to
tho dispensary law.
In tho afternoon, Judgo Simonton
heard the cases against the State con
stables and policemen of Columbia
who mado tho raid on tho Columbia
Club. The case was brought on pe
titions from N. C Gonzales and A. 10.
Gonzales and W. 10. Gonzales, claiming
tho odieors had unlawfully seized li
quor belonging to two of the petition
ers and intruded for thoir personal use.
Tho potitions were road by Mr. H. C.
Patton, attorney for the Gonzales, tho
answer of the policemen by Mr. .1. P.
Thomas, Jr., city attorney of Colum
bia, and tho answer of tho constables
by Assistant Attorney General Town
send. Tho respondents declared that
thoy had no intention of showing con
tempt for tho orders of tho court and
claimed that their actions wore au
thorized by law.
.1 udi.ro Simonton said a question of
fact arose as to whether tho liquor was
used only by tho owners and whether
the Columbia Club w"^ place where
habitual drinking was practiced. In
order to sottlo tho question, tostimony
would have to be taken, and for that
purpose ho would appoint a roforeo.
The court requested counsel to agree
on a suitable porson for roforeo, and J.
T. Barronj of Columbia, was selected
and appointed by tho court. Tho
reforoo Is to tako testimony on ho
quostlons involved and submit it "
Judge Simonton without making any
decision in tho matter.
It Is generally thought that the
members of tho club will bo unable to
prove that tho club was not a place for
habitual drinking and in that cuso tho
otlleers will bo released.
Policeman Strickland und Con- ,
stables Lafar, Speed) Davis and
Moorohead, who was a policoman 1
when tho raid was made, were of
courso prosont und showed u deep in
terest in the ease.
?The jewels which are reported j
Mrs. Standford, widow of the Calfornia
Senator, intends to sell for the benefit
of Leland Stanford, Jr., University, I
aro valued, according to San Francisco '
papers, at over $2,000,000. Among tbo
complete sets of jowols, each com
prising a tiara or necklace, pondant
earrings, bracelet, brooch and ilnger
rings, is ono sot of yellow diamonds,
another of pink and another of bluo
diamonds, while thoro aro some
genuino black dlamouds in tho collec
tion and a number of bountiful rubies,
sapphires and emeralds. Somo of the
jowols onco belonged to tho Duko of
I Ilrunswick's famous collection. Thoro
aro over sixty diamond ilngor-rings in
I Mrs. Standford's jowel-box.
Tho phenomonally hoalthy nature of
. Lynton, Kngland, may or may not bu
j understood from the following story,
which Is quoted in ono of our ex
I changes : ltecontly a visitor began to
! talk to an old man at Lyton, and askod
j him his age, whereupon ho said : "I
j am just over seventy." "Well," said
: the visitor, "you look as if you had a
good many more years to llvo yet. At
what ago did your father dio?" "Fa
ther dead V" said tho old man, looking
surprised. "Father isn't dead; bo's
up-stairs putting grandfather to bed I"
thic (MiMsi; a i Koi iii) cs.
' The United states Will Make its
Own Invewt l?atlor ter IVum a
Tho Uaityed Stute? govornmeut, it is
: authoritatively aunoncud at tho Statu
' dopartoieut, 'hats decided to enter
[ forthwith upon an' independent in
vestigation of tho Cheng Tu riots, with
tho eo-oporation of a Chinese ropro
soutatlvo. As at first arranged, tho
inquiry was to havo boon inado in co
operation With Eughlud, but I here has
boon a change of plan within tho last
few days occasioned partly by tho fact
that tho British eonsul at Chung King,
who is to couduot tho investigation on
bohalf of his government and by whom
with tho couourrouco of an American
missionary member, it was at lirst pro
posed to have primary investigation
of tho facts, hue been dot .iued at bis
post, and it is said will ut. bo able to
begin the Inquiry for a mouth or more.
_ There aro also understood to bo otbor
reasons why the state department of
this govornmeut has decided upon ao
independent investigation suoh as
France has already made, and such as
England will make later. It is said
at tho State department that it is not
true, however, as has beou represented,
that tho policy of thisogovorumont has
boon changed by any feeling of dia
satifaction or resentment caused bv
whatever apparent delay has superven
ed on England's part in proceeding
with tho inquiry. Tho department
has othor roasous which it is not yot
prepared to make public.
China is expected to loud bor sup
port to tho American inquiry to tbo
extent of supplying escort to tbo
nersons who will conduct it, but who
have not yet boon designated, and will
probably furnish au official who will
co-oporato with tho American investi
gation as in the Ku Cheng investiga
tion. Tho investigation is expected to
be made by some otllcial now on the
Chinese coast. It will probably take a
month to reach Cheng Tu, which Is
the capitul of tho interior province of
Szechuun and lies some 1,500 milos
from tho noarost ocean port.
A dispatch from Hong Kong says tho
leader of the Ku Cheng riots, in which
a number of English aud American
missionaries woro killed, has boon,
arrosted. An attempt'' wuo^Sftido by
Chinese soldiers to kidnap this person
in tho hope of securing the reward
which had been offered for his delivery
to the authorities. Tho total number
of arrests thus far of those concerned
in tho Ku Chong massacre Is 130.
Twenty-three of tho number havo boon
convicted, but up to this time seutouco
has not been passed upon any of them,
tho viceroy of Fu Kien demanding tho
right to review the evidence adduced
ut tho trials.
President 10. H. Poarco, of Kentucky
Wcsloyan College, at Winchester, Ky.,
has received tbo following stirring
letter from Dr. C. F. Heid, of Shang
hai, China, a citizen of tue Uniteu
States and presiding elder of the
Shanghai district of tho Methodist
''Sanghai, August 1.?Only two
weeks ago to-day 1 sent you an account
of tlie -Szechucn outrages, and to-day 1
am sending you accounts of the mas
saroe at Ku Cuing. Had our minister
acted promptly'aud adequately in tbo
first case, the second would probably
not have occurred, and wo should havo
been spared tbo .spectacle of eight
young and consecrated women dragged
from their beds and brutally mas
sacred, helpless infants hacked t<>
death and a faithful servant of Cod
burned in his bed.
?' I am sending you these accounts in
the hope that you will use them where
they will do the most good. I wish 1
could put a copy in the nunds Ol every
editor, every congressman and every
other man who has any Interest in the
welfare of the church or the honor of
" We don't ask for revenge, but we
do ask for justice and the protection
which every American has a right, to
demand, and which no civilized nation
has a right to withhold from its hum
" Foreigners in China are unanimous
in the belief that a little prompt and
vigorous action would at once put an
end to these, things. We have lost all
hope of help from the legation at
Pckin, and we aro now appealing
directly to Washington. Will von not
help us? Unless something is speedily
done we shall have to abandon all our
interior work jwhioh represents so
many years of toil and sacrifice.
" In our opinion the action required
at this time is the appointment of a
strong commission with such rank and
authority as will onable them to try
and fix the guilt of tho highest of
ficials. The arrest of a few coolies
will be worse than useless?. We must
go to the source of these troubles,
which is fouud in some of tho highest
offioials in the empire.'"
Over Seventy-Five Mllos hi Floyd
Count.* Mado ?>> Convict Labor.
A dispatch to tho Atlanta Journal
says thoro aro seventy-live miles of
macadamized roads In Floyd County,
Ga. In 18? 1 Major W. F. Ay er, who
was on the b >ard of commissioners,
conceived the idea of establishing a
chuiu gang to work tho roads. Ac
cordingly the board at his suggestion
obtuiued an act of the Legislature,
authorizing tho establishing the chain
gang, aud putting all convicts for mis
demeanors for twelve months and
under in it. Thoy in a short titno had
a rock crusher, mules and carts and
I barracks for the convicts. They began
on the suburbs of Komu und graded
the roads, cutting down tho high
places and tilling tho low places,
making roads higher in tho middle
with a slopo each way and then put on
the lino crushed rock a foot thick.
It was soon found that Floyd did not
furnish convicts enough, aud that
they could work 75 or 100 hands nearly
as cheap as 25, as they required the same
number Ofstipi rintendonts and guards.
Tho grand jury recommended to tho
hoard that they got convicts from
other counties and as an inducement
paid the cost of conviction and trans
portation both ways. This gave them
a good many more. Tho number goos
up to (?0 sometimes, but will average
between forty and fifty.
The last grand jury reported tboso
roads to cost $l,.KH) per mile, but
Major Aycr thinks with sixty hands
to work that thoy will cost about
$1,600 per milo. Tho annual cost of
tho chain gang is about $15,000, but
the people do not grumble at this as
wo have the finest roads in tho State.
Whore one bale of cotton could he
hauled before, now the same team
will haul two or three. The roads are
bettor than the streets of Uomo. Tho
work was ho thoroughly done that
that thoy need but little, repairing.
Tho superintendent is now leaving
crushed rock along all now roads to
repair them as thoy may require in
?A movement has boon started to
orcct a monument to tho mommy of
Anno Lee Carter, the mother of
General Itobort K. loo.
STATU NKWS IN BRIBlP.
Interesting Notes IVom Various SuUT'1
?Ground was broken ou oaturd^-J
last for the erection of tin iron fouudrtfl
in Darlington. It .v.m buve n blaj
furuaeo with a capacity trf ^J>Oo^u**??l(P|
?An effort will In- made to havo tho \
constitutional convention change tho
I otlieial numo of the Sontli Carolina
i Stato Lunatic Asy! nn to that of the,;}
South Caroline State Hospital. 13
?Mose Jackson, who several nights'
ago threw a stone through a ear wiu
dow of tho night train near Molroso^s
N. C, striking one of the passenger*!
on tho arm, has been arrested andfl
lodged in jail at Saluda.
? If there, is no cyclone this year the ;
rleo planters of South Carolina will ;
probably make inone,\ for tlio llrst-1
time in some years. Tho Japanese
crop is to a huge extent a failure, ami
that raised in this country is not enough $
tosupoly the demand.
?Supervisor Scott, of Union, sag-;
gosts a general mcoting of all tho I
County Supervisors of the Stato during
the month of Octobor for the purpose I
of consulting together upon tho opera-1
tion of tho now couuty govornmont
law, tho best method of working tho
public roads, utilizing convict labor,
?A farmer in Orangeburg County
last week sold a lot of thirty-seven *
bales of cotton which was raise in 1875. 1
This cotton has been stored away for |
twenty years aud the owner during
that tune could have gotten 15 cents or
more per pound for the whole lot, but
was probably holding it for 2~> cents,
and after twenty years decided to soli, ?
?The large fruit crop and tho abun
dant corn crop have induced a number
of people throughout (he Stato to |
apply for authority to run distiller?
A great many corn liquor stills havj
boon licensed in the upper part of th.
State. Tho intention is to sell
much of the product as possible to
Stato. The brandy distilleries
intended mostly for home co
Thoro havo been quite
tilleiies started in
tho last year, and
have niungcd to j.1
. t heiu-i?iLp^ujt jiLu?*
ness of corn maj? liillu?nco ?
coi n liquor.
?Tho pooplo In the southeastern"^
portion of Abbeville County are very
much excited on account of tho discov
ery of some rich gold linds. Somo
forty tons of mining machinery havo
been received from Pennsylvania and
the mining is to bo carried on ex
tensively. Tho richest linds have been
in Walker's Branch, at tho foot of
Little Mountain. This is in tho im
mediate section of tho Dorn mine,"
which has not been worked since tho
war, but before the war more than a
million dollars of gold hud been takeu
from the Dorn mine. Since then the
mine has been forsaken, and only occa
sional I v havo nuggets boon taken from
-?Judge Townsond has decided a
ease Involving the title of about $300,
000, belonging to the estate of Mrs.
Julia H. Clarke, deceased, who Inherit
ed it from her uncle, P. T. Humum,
the great showman. The property in
question is situated in the StUtOB_uf
South Carolina, Couneoticut, Kansas
and New York, and tho question at
Issue was whether the will of Mrs.
Clarke should ho construed according
to the laws of Smith Carolina or a
cording to f.r; ? ??m?b of each of t
States in which the property v
situated, and it really m
her husband should
orty or whothei
child it should
tlvos. Hy tin
send the will i:
uiul Koro I]
send out tin"
from a sup|
view is now w
that they ma.
the disposition ;.
they are to prodi
rent, season. The
jiirtt ended reall/.eu I?,uui,v??0 hai
Exports during the past season hu>
been 0,700,000, consequently 3,200,'
bales have to be accounted for ir. t...
country. According to The Mow York
Chronicle on Saturday last, there wa
il visible supply In thi* country, at
ports ana weekly reported Interior
points of 810,000, leaving, say 2.000,000
that had gone out of sight, and then
fore, Into the hands of American
pinners. Southern mills have, prac
tically, nOStOCk, ind It la U conserva
tive estimate, to say that Norther
spinners hold as much as 250,000. 'TJi'
would represent an aotuul consumpti
for twelve months, ending ::ist ultil
of 2,050,000. Inasmuch, however.'
with good trade and large IncroaS'
spindle, power In the South, and so
Increase In tho North, it Is fair I
3Ume, that as America, Canada in
Mexico took 2,000,000 last season, th
will require 3,250.000 the current -.
son : but as the growing crop proinia
only 7,250,000, wo can only oxj
4,000,0000 bales against 0,700,000, a
for Buropoaoj spinners of 2,700,000
What are they to do about it 'i 'I
visible supply of American cotton
Europe ou Saturday last was 1,775,0011
and the invisible stiuulv of all k -?d?
mill stock in ICuropo on Aug. lsi~\
1)04,000. Therefore, unloss Europe)
the difference of 2,700,000 out of i .
oountty, it look.- as though they wi
havo to fall back upon every bale ?
vidi bio ami invisible supply in Kur op
to meet th<?ir requirements.
This Is the s.iui and substance of lb
situation, on a supply and (lomam
basis, and it indicate.-, OOnsidorab i
competition on the part Of* uo... \
and foreign spinner,, as to who shal
get the lion's share of it. The grow
lug cio;> promises to he Only Itboil
500,000 bales moro than our total i n
ports from So pi. I. I804, to Sept. A
?Among tho Goo fedora to relics
bo exhibited at tho Ks position will
tho camp chost of Joflorson Da*
This ehest not onlj went through
civil war, hut through tho Me>
war in winch Jefferson Davis v
?real military HgUI'O. The ??'
i Washington. (Ja . n >w, whei
1 ft in tin- possi gsioti of Col. .i
Weoras by Mr. Davis. In is?r>, w j
j ho passed through Washington A
i was forced to disencumber him ? II
I some of his things us he was a file H
Among the things he left WH H
chest. Col. WoOINg1 daughter si K
I the chest and wiil exhibit it
I Atlanta Imposition.
? Chief Justice Kuller? of the
I states Supremo Court, said th
I day in the course of an inti
I " If we want to live to a green
wo should stay In harness. 'I
rot of almlossnoss outs out oxl