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A RED HOI TIME IN OLD ED?LFIELD.
LVIIGEST MEETING OF THE SEN* ATOltlAL CAMPAIGN. McLaurin and lrby Have a Lively Time? Evans 8uys There's a Lie Out?MaylielU Deolares That El lerbo Wants a New Party. Tho largest and livuliost meeting of the campaign was held at Edge field. Between 100 ami 500 people were pres ent. Tho usual routine was broken when Senator Mel/iurin, following Colonol Irhy, went for tho hitter's career in tho Senate. McLaurio, arm ed with the Congressional Kecords of the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Con gresses, frequently brought Irhy to his feet to make explanations. Colonel irhy, the first speaker, was greeted with some applause. Ho was in Edgi held for the first, time since 1890, said ho, to see tho reception of tho people's great trihnno, Ben. Till man. Ho was hero then lighting eon_ biuations and was here now lighting tho "State House gang,'' wbloh was at tempting to parcel out the of 11 COS of this State from Senator down to coro ner. "1 am running as a*Demoorat," declared Irhy. "1 am the only origi nal nackagc in tho lot." McLaurin had patented his speech. At Beaufort ho wanted proteetion on rice, at Charles ton on neo and long staple cotton, and so for evo*\y county, hut he didn't think lie had a patented protection speech for KJgeiiclJ. McLaurin had the peo ple fooled. Ho is not on the same plat form as Tlllman. Tillman had declurcd he wasn't. Proceeding On a no^ tack, be de clared that McLaurin had gotten Gon zales for his political daddy and tho world can't beat hin?. Lie then declared that ho and Tillman were political daddies of all of the candidates, but thought they wero treating him with disrespect by opposing him. Ho had been politically assassinated and thrown out for dead because ho re sisted tho great conspiracy last year against tho Democratic party. Ho was a Democrat, always had been and could bo nothing else, because ho was for the interest of the people. Colonel Irhy then attacked McLau rln'stariff views, declaring that Till man had said they wero iniquitous, and "I know will bolievo him if you won't mo. You people hero love him and b( \ievo what he says." Colonel Irhy attacked the newspa pers. Lie declared that Mr. Gonzales had prevented a Conservative from en tering this race. Mr. Gon/.ales had called him a liar in to-day's paper, w hich was unparliamentary ; no ono usually called him that when close to him, how aver. He attacked the Forty movement. He believed that every white man should he allowed to vote and therefore disapproved of the con stitutional suffrage clause. Colonel lrby made the assertion that he and not Tillman had made Kvans Governor. He, with Tillman, ho de clared, had had Saluda made into a county and left lvJgeticld Conservative with Sheppard to run it. Reviewing past political history, Irhy assorted that last year lie could have gone to tho Chicago convention as a delegate. Gantt, said he, came to him at 2 o'clock a. m. and said that the State convention had left a piuco open for him. He sent word baOK that ho would not accept because ho was unal terably opposed to tho declared bolting policy of tho party. Editor Ball next camo In for praise for coming out against the nowspupcr combination at Columbia. Tho Klierbo Watts episode was repeated, bu\ elici ted no applause. Ho declared that he could prove that tho "Stato House clique" were going to turn out Mcivor anu that Tillman knesv they were plot ting against him. Ho concluded by reviewing his re cord and declaring that ho had always been with the people. Col. lrby was wildly applauded when lie took his seat. Ho kept the crowd in a good humor and thoy listened attentively. Senator McLaurin began by review ing his record as a Reformer. Tho Re fortn movement, ho declared, did not depend on the life of any man, not evon on that of Tillman. He jumped on lrby for saying that he made Tillman sup port Kvans for Governor. He thought it time for a R former to step in when a man like Irhy boasted that ho mudo the Governor. "Who ought to make tho Governors of South Carolina, tho white voters or John Irhy ? ' lrby. from his seat?" Tho whito vo ters/' " But you said just now that you made Kvans Governor." lrby: "Well, I helped." (Laughter.) McLaurin attacked him lor devising tho OolietOD plan in order to foist Kvans on tho people when they didn't want him. Senator MoLaurin causud much merriment by paraphrasing Henry IV, substituting lrby for Pah stall', Kvans for Prince Hal and Larry Guntt for Pistol in the scene whore Prince Hal becomes king and ignores FalstulT. Ho Luid no political daddy, lie de clared, but he did not know before that Editor Ball was acting in that capacity for Col. lrby. Mr. Ball hotly Interrupted, saying that iio wus the political duddy of no man and was opposed to lrby. " Well, you are not for ine." "That's true, too," rejoined .Mr. Ball. Senator McLaurin then proceeded to severely attack 1 rby's record while in tho Senate. Before beginning ho explained tho terms "paired' and "voto called." Irby's record for tho first session of tho Fifty-second Congress was as fol lows : Votes taken, 80, lrby voted 1J times, paired 10 times, not paired 00. Tho first session of tho Fifty-third Congress, he said, was culled to ro pcal the purchasing clause of the Shor man act. Senator Irby's lovo for silver should bo seen ir. his record during this session. There woro 40 votes taken ; Irhy voted 10 times und did not voto 30 J wus not paired 22 times', did not answer to cull of Scnuto 11 culls. Col. Irby's record for this Congress was gono into further. Senator McLaurin then declared: " I urn sick looking up such a record. Hero was a life and death struggle for silver and absoluto indifforonco us to its fate." As to his absenco from tho Fifty- | third Congress. Cel. lrby explained by saying that ho and Senator Butler ab sented themsolvos to break u quorum and keep the Senate from repealing the Sherman purchasing clause. It was a filibustering measure Ho was always on hand to cast his voto. As to hit absenco from the Fifty second Congress, Col. lrby said that was a Presidential election yoar and ho was at homo as State chairman looking after tho interest of tho party. "You all know tho Conservatlvca didn't know thoy wero whipped, and thoy wero planning to capture the May convention. Tillman was running for re. election. We wantod tho delogates to the Chicago convention. I was sent there, and this passing biok and for ward accounts for much of my ab sence." Besides, continued Col. [rby, ho was paired on ull political questions. On otbor questions his " pair " would al ways ascertain by telegram how he stood. Senator MoLaurln again returned to the (Congressional Lteeord. After a lit tle he asked : " Do you want to eleel a 11.an to the Senate to represent tho State and then let him absent himself t > "un all the parties of the State. ?" irby?" I have quit that now.'' " Yes, because the people have quit you," answered McLaurin. Col. Irby, getting permission to in terrupt Senator MoLaurln, jumped on him for his altiliations with so many parties. He again excused Iiis ab sences from tho Senate on tho ground of sickness and death in Iiis family. Senator MoLaurln continued on this aggressive line for a while longer and then proceeded to make his usual tar I IT speech. His speech in all lasted about two hours. It was frequently applaud ed and the crowd evidently favored it. Before taking his seat, MoLaurln took a hand primary on his tariff views. About one-half showed their approval by voting. It was after 2 o'clock when Senator McLaurin had concluded. The audience at onco began to leave tho court house for dinner. Then Mr. Maytield arose to speak. Mr. Mayti Id made his characteristic anti-dispensary speech, but in addition said that after introducing his bill for its abolition he had had conference with Governor Ellerbo. The Governor asked him to withdraw it, which he did. Mr. Maytiold said that inasmuch as McLaurin charged him with being in a combination that he would say McLaurin is the appointee of the Gov ernor and Governor Ellerbe declared to him (Maytield) that he would back McLaurin with tho whole force of his administration. Ellerbo urged him not to run, saying they intended to favor a new party composed of con servative Conservatives and conserva tive Bo formers. Hy the time Mr. .lohn Gary Kvans' turn to speak came around the crowd had returned from dinner. He made bis usual tar 1 IT sdeooh and in it severe ly attacked McLaurin for his views. He read favorable comments from Ke puhlican papers. Kvans charged that McLaurin had never been faithful to Iiis friends. Had it not been for Mc Laurin, ho assorted, Judge Wallace would now be a justice on the supremo bench. While he was w irking for him McLaurin was knifing him for Hope, in order to get Pope's place as Attor ney General. When he was running for the Senate last year McLaurin knifed him, he declared. McLaurin, who had just returned from dinner, said that ho had helped Evans in his race for the Senate. His defeat was due to Irby having forced him, as Governor, down the people's throat. Kvans declared that the lie was out somewhere. Then McLaurin sat silent. A lively spat ein McLaurin's vote on the tariff bill ensued. The crowd lis tened attentively. There was decided eviilence of vimlictiveness towards Kvans, while the crowd chee red Mo Laurln at every opportunity. When Kvans finished tho crowd be gan to call for McLaurin. He declined, however, to respond. HOW TO MAKE Ii*iNI). Farmers oan Increase Area by 10n largliiK Production. Practical farmer. It is said that an English politician who claims that "the land is the prop erty of tho nation," recently assured the hearers of eine of his speeches that "we can make boots and coats, build cathedrals, railways, canal's bridges, tunnels, and make all the other articles which we associate with tho necessities of modern lift;, but no man over made land. No man ever made an aero one foot longer or one foot broader." Be cause o' this difference between land and various articles of human manu facture the speaker claimed that a dif ferent rule regarding ownership and taxation should be made and enforced. There aro a great many people in this country, as well as abroad, who seem to think that tho farmer has nothing to do with the making of the land which he owns. Among them thero are not'a few farmers whoso practice is in advance of their theory, but who do not realize bow much they aro al l ady doing in the way of making laud. There are, also, many others who havo, as yet, made no use of their oppo.'tuni ties in this direction. If the making of the land is regard ed merely as a creation, the formation of tho actual elements of which tho ground is composed, we shall, of course, be obliged to admit that the English speaker was correct in his assertion that "no man over made land." But if wo take it In a broader sense, and re gard tho matter in a practical light, wo shall timl that, to all Intents and purposes, man can iiiuku land. Not only can ho convert great areas which are < ferllowed hy rivers or seas, into fertile soil, as has been dono in Hol land on an extensive scale, but ho can also, hy wise management, greatly In crease tho productiveness of tracts al ready under cultivation. The man who makes Iiis farm produce twice as much as it did at an oarlior period, has prac tically enlarged its aroa. So, too, has tho man who by subsolllng or draining has deepened tho BOl 1 that he cultivates. As Emerson said of tho farmem of Con cord who adopted improved methods, ho has found a farm under the one that , ho formerly cultivated. Tho plants | havo a much greater surfaco from which to obtain food and moisture. 1 Practically tho area of tho land has been enlarged. Then if wo tako produotlvoness in stead of area as tho standard of moas usomont the man who seeds bis laud to tho best aeivantago really gains a good deal over tho ono who does not fully utilize tho area that ho cultivates. Thus a man planting potatoes in hills two feet apart and in rows tbruo feet apart will havo about2,400 more hills On an acre than will ono who plants in rows of the) samo width, but who has tho hills three foot apart in tho row. If tho land Is in good condition to pro duco tho crop, and fertilizers aro pro perly used, tho closer planting should yield as much to tho hill as the othor and a very much largor crop will be securud at a considerable lcwor cost per bushel. In tho various ways wo have mon tlonod, and in others .vhloh will sug gest themselves to thoughtful minds, it bj possihlu to do what, as far as rosults aro concernod, is equivalent to making land. Somo ono, or more than ono, of these methods is opon to almost every farmer. In working out somo of these plans not a fow farmors would find at least a partial rollof from the burdens which now wolgh heaviiy upon them. And work in this direction carries a double reward. It gives material ben efits which can bo reckoned In dollars and cents and also gives encourage ment and pleasuro and an inoreaso of montal power. The man who enters upon any course of Improvement learns to think hotter as truly as ho loarns to work bottor. Thus ho not only ac complishes muoh In the present, but ho also qualiflesjhlmself for still more effi cient effort in the future. TUE TRUSTEES MAKE ANSWER. The Conclusions ol the State Board of Health aro Not Accepted iin to tlio Naturr and Causes ol' the Sickness. Concerning tho report of Iho State Board of Health in regard to the fever at Clemson College, the Board of Trus tees makes tho following statement : "The Hoard of Trustees of Clemson College, mindful of the important trust in their charge, foe! called on to make a statement for tin; information of the people of the State in regard to tho recent sickness at tho college and its causes. " We have road tho report Of tho State Hoard of Health, and have also had under consideration tho report of the college surgeon, Dr. Hodfearn. In addition to ttio light thus thrown on the suhje(;t, we have made a personal examination of tho college buildings and the surrounding grounds, and we are not satislicd at all as to tho nature of the fever which has prevailed or as to its cause. " We have great respect for the Kcientilio ability and learning of the State Hoard of Health, hut we arc bound to question their conclusions, from the fact that eminent physicians in the neighboring counties have de clared tho fever at tho college to bo malarial and not typhoid in its nature: and there is grave doubt whether more than four cases of typhoid fever have have been at the college this year. " The cursory and Imperfect exami nation made by the Slate Board of Health is shown by the fact that two palpable errors are made in their re port. The dairy, which they place under tho ban as a probable cause of disease, was not built on a pond which had been tilled in, and there is not a single privy on tho "surrounding hills" above tho dairy. The water from tho only privy in the neighbor hood reaches tho ravine below tho dairy. Then the statement is made, three separate times, that the water closets should be outside the barracks and not insdc, and should bo "detach ed" from tbem. In fact, tho water closets were removed from the build ing; more than two years ago, and they are now detached, with an open cur rent of air passing between. They are reached by a latticed gallery tlfteen feet long, and there is no pos sibility of sewer gas getting into tho building. " lint we are not disposed to criti cise tho State Hoard of Health, and will carry out all of their recommen dations that are possible, and loavo no stone unturned to allay all cause of doubt as to the proper sanitation of the College buildings and grounds. " Wo have never had any trouble before, and wo anticipate none in the future other than the usual climatic and unavoidable diseases of the coun try. "Tho vacation will be changed, and instead of being in tho winter will be in summer, the scholastic year beginning hereafter on the second Wednesday in September and closing the second Thursday In June. " Every sui/gested or possible cause of fever will be removed and the build ings thoroughly disinfected and put in good order. " We. do not hesitate to give assur ances that tho college will ho guarded against a recurrence of tho trouble, if it bo possible." A CAUSTIC REJOINDER. Chairman Tabor Further Exposes the Situation at Olcmson College. To the Editor of The istate : In the latter par* of Juno, the com mittee of the State board of health woro Instructed to Investigato tho oauso and typo of fever at Clemson, and to report tho results to the goTor 00r. This was done and the report of the committee whs published through out tho State. The Register of the 10th of July contains a statement by tho trustees of Cietnson, in which they criticise tho report of the committee, and while denying certain statements made by thorn, they allh in additionally that the examination of Clemson h the committee had been "very cursory and imperfect." Against professional gentlemen, sent upon un important mission by tho highest authority of the State, these charges are grave, and cannot pass unchallenged. The com* inittoe were content to determine tho typo of the fever, and, by request, to make whatever suggestions they thought host. They blamed no one, even by insinuation, and were very glad to be the moans, if possible, of re lieving the ollioials of Clemson of un pleasant embarrassment. It is to bo greatly regretted therefore, that the trustees failed to appreciate tho deli cate position of the committee, and have forced them into print in self defence. The trustees claim that the '? cursory and imperfect examination made by tho State, board of health is shown by the fact that two palpable errors aro made in their report. Tho dairy which they place under the ban, as a probable cause of disease, was not built in upend which had been lilted in." In reply wo beg to state, upon au thority, that tho present site of tho dairy had boon a bathing pond made by the Calhouns and had been tilled in with earth and then undordraine.d. Our Informant even pointed out whoro tiie dam stood. Thero could have been no motive for ono deeply 1 Interested in tho welfare of Cl'jmson, to have invented this statement, the truth of which wo had neither inclina tion, nor tho right to question. In fact tho statement Is apparently con firmed by tho charactor of tho soil and its surroundings. Tho trustees in further denial of our report, assort, that thero "is not a single privy on the surrounding hills abovo tho dairy." Wo woro informed that tho lolls wero often used for un sanitary purposes in place of tho water closets. This we found to be true. On tho hill abovo, and to tho north of tho dairy, and at tho foot of the hill wlthlu three or four feet of tho spring, wo found abundant oxcrementitious matter. This condition of tilings was really worse than a privy on tho hilltop. On tho opposite hill, at the hotel, thero wero two privies?ono at tho stable, which was visited by mysolf and Dr. Heese, and tho othor at tho hotel, examined by Dr. Evans. Somowhat southeasterly from tho dairy is a dwelling, whoro wo woro Informed, thoro was an additional privy. Hut more than all thoso, and how ovor Incredible, wo found a spring (provy V) located within tho dairy, 10 or 12 feet from tho milk and butter, and tho room In which the. privy was placod was filled with olTenslvo gasos. Furthermore, from tho ground with out tho bulidlng noxious gases wero escaping, either from tbo pipo of tho privy or from tho so?or, which, strange to say, r*uns within two or thrco feet of tho dairy. Wo quote again from thoj trustees, who claim that "tho statoradntls made throe separate times that/tho Water closets should he outside, hi tho bar racks, and not inside, and should ho detached from them. In fact, tho water closets were removed from tho buildings more than two years ago." By substituting "but" for "and," as was Intended, tho sentence will be obanged to a Blmple aillrmatlon that water closets should not bo within the main buildings. Tho report of tho committee was hastily prepared and Illegibly written, hence a number of typographical errors appear. Tho second time tin; statement is made "that water olosets should he detaohed from dwellings," has reference plainly ami um qulvooally to private dwellings, and the third time the statement is used to impress the fact that water closets should be detached from buikl iugs. There is, therefore, no ground for tho trustees to assume that the committee failed to recognize that tho water olosots wore detached from tho barracks by a latticed gallery 1.*) feet loiur. Tho trustees might have visited Clemson for a game of " blind man's bull.-' but not SO with the committee. Hitherto the committee confined j themselves to reporting tho sanitary defects of Clemson, What shall they say of its managementv Shall wo speak of the diet, pronounced Inade quate for students whose physical and mental powers are taxed by an ex hausting curriculum and by the severity of military discipline? That tho students are rt quired, when the day's work is ended, to be shut up in their rooms from an hour alter sunset until bedtime, to swelter in a building little superior, in sanitary arrange ments, to the -Libby prison In Kch mondV Shall wo tell the public how the students have been crowded like criminals, four in a room, bandy large enough to all'ord breathing space for two 'i Shall we tell them thata deep ditch, reeking with accumulated excreta, was Intentionally arrested in its How and bubjeoted to tho decomposing ac tion of intense solar heal, and that tbe students were kept working in the low lands beside it, (lay by day, under the beaming noonday sun?u meuaco to their lives ? Shall wo tell that the milch cows were di' 'en daily through this poison ed water, of which they perhaps drank, and which must have splashed upon their udders ? in cither instance, enough to affect the milk injuriously ? Shall wo tell that the forest inter vening between this pestiferous ditch and the barracks, tho only protection for the students against the inrush of poisonous effluvia, was recklessly de stroyed ? And that antttlcial tostifled, of Iiis own personal experience, that the barracks were invaded by a " horrible stench ?" .lust think of it! All this right under our noses, at Clemson, which aspires to be the brightest jewel In the educational crown of South Carolina. Speak not of typhoid fever at Clem son. It cannot and must not be '. Bet ter the horrible inscription over the gates of Hades than that of epidemic typhoid fever at Clemson ! Guard the secret?and let fathers and mothers come, and after weary days and nights of ceaseless vigil's and with bleeding hearts, carry hack to their homes their own dear dead. Might we not write upon the walls of Clomson that tho "O-sa" of igno rance is piled on tbe " Pollou " of im bec lllty ? chaki.ks k. Tahkk, m. I)., Chair. Coin. State Board of Health. Port Motte, July 13th, 181)7. - mm) ? ? ? - LiK b's 1110si gx at ion. The Confederate Commander's Letter to Jefferson Davis Alter tho Rattle of a ottyaburtc? The Washington correspondent of tho St. Louis Globe-Democrat says that a volume of war records now in cottrso of preparation if. tho war department will settlo the controversy whether Gen. Hubert E. Deo tendered his re signatiem after the battle of Gettys burg. The reply of Jefferson Davis de clining to accept the resignation lias been a matter of common information, but the character of the letter in detail which called oat this reply has be on a matter of inference only until reeontly. Tho letter of resignation of (Jen. Leo will be first printed otllolally in a sup plemental volume of the war records which is now being prepared. It is given herewith in its entirety : Camp Orange, Aug. 8. \*r,:\. "His Excellency JotTerson Davis, Pres ident of the Confederate States. "Mr. President. Your letters of July 2s and August 2 huvo been received, and I have waited for a leisure hour to reply, but I fear that will never como. 1 am extremely obliged to you for tho attention given to the wants of this army and the efforts made to supply them. Our absentees are returning, and I hope tiie oHi-nust and beautiful appeal made to tho country in you" proclamation may stir up the whole people, and that they may sou their duty and peform it. Nothing is wanted but that their fortitude should equul their bravery to insure the success of our cause. Wo must expect reverses, oven defeats. Thoy arc sent to teach us wisdom and prudence, to call forth greater energies, and to prevent our falling into greater disasters. Our people iiavo only to he, true and united, to hear manfully do misfortunes inci dent to war, and all will come right in tho end. "I know how prone we arc to oensuro and how ready to biame others for tho non-fulfillment of our expectations. This is unbecoming in a generous peo ple, and I griovo to see Its expression. The general remedy for tho want of success in a military commander is Iiis j removal. This is natural, and In many I instunces proper. For no matter what may be tho ability of tho ollicor, if ho loses tho confidence of his troops dis aster must sooner or later onsuc. 'T huvo boon prompted by these re flections more tiian onco since my re turn from Pennsylvania to propose to you excellency tho propriety of selec ting another commander for this army. I have seen und heard of expressions of discontent in tho public journals nt the result of tho expedition. I do not knew how fur this feeling extends in tho nrmy. My brother olllcors havo I boon too kind to report it, und so fa?* tho troops huvo been too generous to exhibit it. It is fuir, however to supposo thut it docs ex Ist, und success is so noc ossary to us thut nothing should be rlskod to secure lt. f thoroforo, in all sincerity, request your excellency to take measures to supply my place. I do this with tho more earnestness be causo no one is moro uwaro than myself of my inability for tho duties of my position. f cunnot oven accomplish what, I myself desiro. How enn t fill the expectations of othors? in addi tion, I sensibly feel tho growing failure, of my bodlly strongth. I huvo not yet recovered from tho uttuck 1 experi enced tbo pust spring. I am becoming moro and moro lnoapablo of oxortlon, and am thus provonted from making the persounl oxuminatiotis and giving tbo personal supervision to tbo opora tlons in the Hold whloh I feel to bo nec essary. I am so dull that in making use of tho oyos of others I am frequont . ly misled. Everything thoroforo, points to the advantage's to be derived from a new commander, and I the more anx iously urge the mutter upon your ex cellency from my belief that a younger und ahler man than myself can readily he Obtained. I know that ho will have as gallant and bravo an army a>: ever existed to second his efforts, ami it would be the happiest day of my life to see at its head a worthy leader?ono that would accomplish more than I could perform and all Unit 1 have wish ed. I hope your excellency will at tribute my request to tho true reason, tiie desire to servo my country, and to do all in my power to insure tho suc cess of her righteous cause. I have no complaints to make of any one but myself. I have received noth ing but kindness from those above me, and the most considerate attention from my comrades and companions in arms To your excellency I am special ly indebted for uniform kindness and consideration. You bavo douo every thing in your power to aid mo in the work coin in itted to my charge, with out omitting anything to promote the general welfare. I pray ti at your ef forts may at length be crowned with success, and that you may long live to enjnv the thanks of a grateful people. "With sentiments of great esteem, I am. very respectfully and truly yours. * "It. 15, LKB, General." Mr. Davis wrote, declining to accept tho resignation, and (Jen Dee remain ed in command until Appomatox. THE POSITION OF THE STATE. Governor Ellerbe Will Seize All Liquors Where Original Packages are Broken. The Columbia Register, in noting the fact that an original package store was raided in Florence and its contents confiscated by the constables, says : This was the second closure of the kind \ since Judge Simonton's decision and i indicates a determination on the part of the Stal3 to close up these places on the least violation of the law as laid down by Judge Slmouton. In this particular case it appears that tho dealer was closed up on a mere tech nicality. Ho was regularly an agent of a foreign firm, but it appears that his half pint measures were not half (lints according to the dispensary mea surement and iio was arrested. He was selling in what ho called half piuts, but because they were not up to the us.nil dispensary measurement the dealer was arrested for violating tho law. From this it is soon that the Stato Is going to take advantage of every possible loophole and make it as troublesome as possible to every original package dealer. The Governor stated in this connec tion that lie would certainly order seized all liquors found in any place where tho original package had been broken, and by original package he said he meant the box or other cover ing in which the bottles came. He said that he certainly did not intend that liquor should lie brought into the Slate aud sold unless in original pack ages, and by that term he means that a certain quantity in a buttle cannot bo taken out of a package and sohl. In other words the Governor holds that each bottle of liquor must lie shipped into the State separately in order to constitute an original pack age, llo goes further than that and stys that if bottles are shipped by the cur load packed in saw-dust or paper or any other packing that it must he sold that way else the original package is broken. If this idoa is carried out then the original package people are not going to have any pie nie and the dispensary will have little serious opposition. Thus it will lie seen that every possible technicality will be taken advantage of by tho State In order to uphold the monopoly of tho business. It is even held that the order of Judge Simon ton in the case of Moore is only a temporary injunctior, that being all that was asked for in tho complaint, and that, therefore, tho Stale has anothor chance of having tho whole tiling reopened liefere Judge Simon ton with the consequent delay which always attends the settlement of any case. It is not likely that such a point will be taken advantage of, for it would he a foolish waste of time and money, hut like a drowning man every straw is being grabbed at by the t?te. While the original package estab lishments aro btii j to decrease tho profits of tho dispensary, yet tiio figures show that tht) decrease has not been so serious as yet, and taking them as a crltorions as yet tho dlsponsary ollicials are inclined to believe that diu business is not to be seriously in terfered with. For instance, it is pointed out that the business lias not only not decreased since tho lirst de cision of Judge Slmouton. but Ii us ac tually beon greater. Taking tho month of June the showing is that, for this month in MOT. 7,o.'ii crates of liquor were shipped out as against li.lis.") for the same month in 1800, being a difference in favor of the present mont h of 340 cases. In tho matter of beer tho shipments were XV.) and 35!!, a dilTerence in fad jr of the month for this year of 'JO bar rels. Taking the lirst eleven days of tho present month tho showing is a shipment of :i,?iOl cases of liquor for 1800| as against :t,(ltii for tho same poriod of 1 St?7, being an Increase of sixty-throe cases. For tho eleven days of the month In 1800 tho beer salos were-. .102 barrels US' against 218 for tho same time in 1807, an increase of six teen barrels. These liguros aro takon by the olli eials to be evidence of tho fact that the original package business Is not going to seriously hurt the dlsponsary. The comparison for tho year IN!)7 is for a period when tho constables wero on joined, and when in Charleston partic ularly, the original package stores wore in aotlvo operation. Taki.ig this as a criterion tho officials arc of tho opinion that tho dispensary will bo able to hold its own. Upon these fig ures thoy base tho opinion that tho de I cision is not going to materially injury tho dlsponsary. However tho evident intention of tho State to take advant age of every point, no matter how technical and far-reaching it may bo, shows that tho Stato does not welcome tho competition and that It will do all it can to break it up. ? During a big thunder storm littlo i Willie who slept up-stalrs alono, got 1 scared and called to his mother, who i came up and asked him what ho was frightened about. Willlo admitted that tho thun.'or was a littlo too much for a youngster who slept alono. "Well, if you aro afraid," said his mothor, "you should pray for courage." "Woll, all right," said Willie, an idoa coming into his head ; "suppose you stay up hero and pray while 1 go down stairs and Bloop with pa?" Sho didn't stay. ? A party of St. Louis eommorionl travolors tosavo hotel hills, bavo char tered a railway car fitted up as a hotel and salesroom for a 70 days trip. Forty stops at towns will ho made and mor ' chants will come to tho oar to buy. This Is a new wrlnklo. BEHIND STONE WALL AT FREDERICKSBURQ. now oi:n. t. k. it. conn kklij. Graphic st?>>. y off the Fighting Where Twenty-Flvo Hundred- Confeder ates Killed and Wounded Five Thousand Federals. The recent demise of Mrs. Thomas It. U. Cobb nt her home in Athens, Ga., recalls the tragic death of r brave and gallant busband, Gen. T. K. it. Cobb, on the 13th of December, 1802, at the battle of Frederioksburg, Va. Goneral Cobb was In command at the most important point on Goneral I.en's lino of battle, and his ?splendid defence of a strategic position gained the ad miration ol the entire army. His loss was sincerely lamented, not only by his own command, but throughout the magnificent corps under Longstroct. General Cobb was killed behind the famous stone wall at the foot of MaryeV Height1, where for three days his com mand, in snow and iee, had fought one of the fiercest battlos of the war. The slaughter was terrific, seven or eight thousand federals being killed or wounded by Cobb's brlgado and the Confederate batteries on Marye'a Heights, while, the killed in Cobb's brigade numbered only eighteen. Capt. W. A. Starnes, of Atlanta, was in Cobb's legion, and was near the. gen eral when die was killed. Speaking of that fateful day be said : "General Cobb was one of the bravest, the best and the noblest men the world has ever known. His soldiers loved him as a father and would have followed him to the ends of thocarth. We bad boon lighting three days behind the stone wall. Tbo weather was bitter cold, and snow and sleet had been falling Tbo wall was several hundred yards long and was at the foot of the heights upon which about one hundred Confed erate guns were planted. When tbo Federals would move out of tbo town upon the open lleld live linos of hattu deep, the cannon would play upon then with terrible slaughter. General Cobb, behind the. stone wall, would order bis men to reserve their lire until the Fed erals were within easy reach. " 'Keep cool,' ho would say. 'Keep cool. Wait until they come up : don't fire until the order Is gl von.1 He moved up and down tbo line, constantly giv ing those instructions with words of encouragement and himself showed absolutely no fear. On tbo last day Charge after charge was made until the Federals literally made breastworks of their dead. Just before a charge some of our men oxposed themselves and General Cobb went to where they were and cautioned then to he more, careful. At that momenta shell exploded above him. One piece struck General Cobb in tbo thigh and be fell and bled to death. As he was wounded the charge advanced and the tiro became tor r I lie. 1 In the midst of the fearful battle and as bis life blood ebbed away ho said to those about him ! ' Hold your position, boys: bold your position: be quiet: I'm ' all right.' Hut bo was not all right and in a few moments be was dead. Two of bis comrades who tried to carry him fiom the Hold were shot ami killed. Ho was one of the most heroic men ever seen in battle, and one of the coolest.' "The brlgado behind the stone wall," continued Captain Starnes. "was com posed of Cobb's legion, Phillips' legion, the Sixteenth (ioorgia, the [Eighteenth Georgia, and the Twenty-fourth Ceor- , gift." 1.1 inostkbkt's dkscription. Goneral Uongstreot's graphic de scription of the light boforo the stone wail Is as follows: In front of Marye'a Uill is a plateau, and immediately at the base of tbo bill there is a sunken road, known as the telegraph road. On the side, of the road next to the town was a stone wall, shoulder high, against which the earth was banked, forming an almost unap proachable defense. It was impossible for the troops occupying it to expose more than a small portion of their bodies. Behind this stone wall 1 had placod about '2..Mill men, being all of Gon. T. K. K. Cobb's brigade, and a portion of the brigade of General Kor shaw. both of McLaw's division. It must now bo understood that the Fed orals, to roach what appeared to be my weakest point, would have to pass directly over this wall, hold by Cobb's infantry. An idea of how well Marye'a Hill was protected may bo obtained from the following incident. Goo. F.. I'. Alexan der, my engineer and superintendent of artillery, had been placing the guns, and in going over tho Hold with him before the battle, I noticed an idle can non. 1 suggested that ho place it so as to aid in covering the plain in front of Marye'a Hill. He answered, "General, wo cover that ground now so well that wo will comb it as if with a line-tooth comb. A chicken could not live on that Hold when wo open on it." A little before noon, I sent orders to all my batteries to open lire through the street 4 or at any point where the troops were seen about I be city, as a diversion in favor of Jackson. This lire began at. once to develop the work in hand for myself. The Federal troops filed out of the city I ke bees out of a hive, coming In double quick march and filling tho edge of the field in front of Cobb. This was just whore we had expected attack and 1 was pre pared to moot it. As the troops massed boforo us, they were much annoyed by the fire of our batteries. The field was literally packetl with federals from tho vast number of troops that had boon massed in the town. From the moment of their appearance began the most fearful oarnage. With our artil lery from tho front, right and left tear ing through their ranks, tho federals j pressed forward with almost invincible determination, maintaining their steady steps and closing up their broken ranks. Thus resolutely they marched upon tbo stone fence behind where waited tho Confederate brigade of General (Jobb. As the Federals came within roach of this brigade, a storm of load was poured into their advancing ranks and they wore swept from the field liko chaff before tbo wind. A cloud of smoke shut out tbo scone for a moment, and, rising, revealed tho shattered fragmonts recoiling from : their gallant but hopeless charge. The artillery still ploughed through the ranks of tlio retreating Federals and sought the places of concealment into which the troops bad plunged. A vast nuinbor wont pell-mell Into an old railroad cut, to osoape Uro from the right and front. A battery on Leo's Hill saw this and turned its iiro into the ontlro length of the cut, and tbo shells began to pour down upon tbo j Federals with the most frightful de struction. They found their position of refuge moro uncomfortahlo than the Hold of tho a ? null. Thus tho right grand division of the Army of the l'otoinac found i'solf re pulsed and shattered on its first at tempt to drlvo us from Maryo's Hill. Hardly was this attack olT the Hold whon wo saw tho dotormlned Federals again filing out of Frcderioksburg and proparlng for anothor ohargo. Tho Confederates under Cobb reserved their fire und quietly awaited the ap proach of the enemy. The Federals oame nearer than before, hut were forced to retire before the well-directed guns of Cobb's brigade and the lire of the artillery Oil the heights. By that time the Held in front Of Cobb was thickly strewn with tho dead und dy ing Federals, but again they formed with desperate courage ar.d renewed the attack and were again driven oil. At each attack the slaughter was so great that by tho time the third at tack was repulsod, the ground was so thickly strewn with dead that the bodies seriously impeded the approach of the Federals. Genoral I. e. who was with me on Lee's Hill, became un easy when ho saw the attacks so promptly renewed and pushed forward with such persistence, and feared the Federals might break through our line. After the third charge he. said to me : "General, they are massing very heavily and will break your line, 1 am afraid." "General," I replied, ,-if you put every man now on the other side of the Potomac on that held to ap proach me over the same line, anil give me plenty of ammunition, 1 will kill them all boforo they reach my line. Look to your right; you aru in some danger there, hut not on my lino." I think the fourth time the Federals came, agalhant fellow reached within one hundred feet of Cobb's position and then fell. Close behind him came some few scattering 'ones, but they were either killed or tied from certaiu death. This charge was the only i ffort that looked like any real danger to Cobb. and after it was repulsed I felt no ap prehension, assuring myself that there was enough of the dead Federals on the held to trlve me half the battle. The anxiety shown by General Leo, however, induced me to bring up two or three brigades, to be on hand, and Goneral Kershaw was ordered, with the remainder of his brigade, down to the stone wall, hut rather to carry am munition than <:s a reinforcement, for Cobb. Kershaw dashed down the de clivity in time to succeed Cobb, who fell from u wound in the thigh, and lied in a few minutes from loss of blood. A fifth time the Federals formed and charged .and were repulsed. A sixth time they charge'd and were driven back, when night came to end the fear ful carnago, and the Federals with drew, leaving tho battle-field literally heaped with the bodies of their dead. He fore tho well-directed lire of Cobb's brigade, tho Federals had fallen like the sten ly dripping of rain from tho eaves of a house. Our musketry alone had kill oil and wounded at least 5,000; and these, with the slaughter by the artillery, left over 7,000 killed aud wounded before the foot of .Marye's Hill. The dead were piled sometimes three deep, and when morning broke, the spectacle that we saw upon the battle field was one of tho most dis tressing- I ever witnessed. Tho charges had been desperate anil bloody, but utterly hopeless. I thought, as 1 saw the Federals come again and again to their death, that they deserved suc cess if courage and daring could en title soldiers to victory. CLEMSON COLtiEGR Tito Last OOiolul Keport of Presi dent Craiglioad. The following is the linal report of PresidentCraighoad, who has recently resigned the presidency of Clemson : To the Hoard of Trustees: In view of my resignation which has been ten dered you. through the president of tho board, I have, thought it not amiss brlctly to summarize the work of the past four years. The enrollment has been as follows. |s'.i?.:;, 741); 181)4-5, r>(i:i; 1805-0, II I: 1800-7, 110. The enrollment of students during the Hrst twoyoars was abnormally large by reason of the fact that many stu dents came here out of mere curiosity anil being without fixed purpose boon left. Atjuin, few of tho departments at that time wi re adequately (.quipped, thi! barracks at times over-crowded, four cadets frequently occupying the same room, proiossors ami students un acquainted with each other and thus, it is probablo, that students seriously inclined left disappointed. At any rate. the average attendance during the 11 rat two yours was scarcely greater than during tho past two. During the year just closed, the average attendance has been about three hunilred, all the rooms of the barracks occupied most of the time, two boys to tin1 room. The cadets who now conic here have for the. most part serious purpose and the popularity ol the institution rests upon a much more solid basis than ever before. Clem son is still I lie largost schot I of the kind in the South. We are far better pre pared for thorough work than ever be fore. The mechanical, department is al ready as well equipped as similar de partments in the oldest and liest South ern agricultural and mechanical col leges. There is reason t.? believe that the department may be made the poly technic school of the South, giving not only practical instruction in the mo ohanio arts, hut excellent courses in oivll, electrical and mechanical engin eering. The department of chemistry has all | aiong been admirably conducted, few institutions olTor better opportunities for the st udy of chemistry. Tho departments of horticulture, botany, veterinary science, dairying, geology and mineralogy otTer excellent opportunities for instruction both prac tical and theoretical. The academic department, inolud i Oft mathematics, English and history. GlTors courses as extensive as can he in the time all' .. cd. The agricultural department has suf fere.it from frequentchangOS. The chair of agriculture in a Southern school is hard to fill. It calls for a man who DOSSOSSOS not only scientific training, but practical know ledge of the details of the farm, ability to teach, and the power to inspire others with a love; of agricultural pursuits. Such a man was the late I'rof. McOoC, but his untimely death left the chair of agriculture va cant. Tno present inoumbont. Dr. VV. .). <A> lick, has suffered from serious ill ness during the past sossiou and thus the work of the department has been greatly impeded. Hence, for reascris beyond my control this department has not met the reasonable expectations of Its friends. i'he preparatory department has been and still is a necessity nero. I have all along boon of the opinion that only the most successful and experi enced teachers should be employed in the training school. Bright young graduates may, as tutors, render valua ble assistance tO COllogo professors, but the fittingBOhOOl demands tho very boat teaching talent. The library contains several volumes and is daily opem d to cadets. I submit herewith the financial state ments of tho professors in tho several departments. Tho work of holding farmors Insti tutes has boon constantly growing in magnitudo and interest. Institutes j have already been held at tho follow ing piacos: GreerSj Gaffney, Fairviow, Johnstop, McColl,. Seneca, and Wlnns boro< Engagements havo boon made for holding institutes in the following counties at an early day ! Orangeburg, ' Darlington. Marion, Kcrshaw, York, Chester, Uarnw_ll, Saluda, Nowhorry, Lexington, Union, Colloton, Anderson, Abbe vi llo. The work of tho session just closed bus been most suncessful. Tho aver* ; age attendance of students has boon better than ever before. The health ' of the students until the recent OUt* 1 break of malarial fever has been excel lent. The deportment of cadets has been admirable, None have been ex pelled and but few dismissed. Tho faculty is composed of able, energetic mon and work harmoniously together. In conclusion it allordu me great pleasure to thank most .sincerely tho members of the board who have sup S ported mo so loyally during the past four years and wish for Cleinsou tho largest possible success. TUE WEATHER AND CROPS. Valuable Information to Those Inter: eHtetl in Par nit UK operations. The following is the weekly bulletin Issued by the weather bureau in Co lumbia as to the condition of the crops In thin State : COIAJMHIA, S. C, July 13, 1S?>7. The lirst part of tho week was above the normal the last part hi low, aud the average temperature of ol places re porting weekly means was Si while the uormal for the week is approxi mately s2. The maximum for tho week was 100 on the Ith at Poverty lllll, Dock mil, and G re en wood, on the 5th at Liberty ; the minimum was tili on the 10 th nt Cheraw. The rainfall for tho week came in the form of local showers, quite gen eral on the Ith and vth and scattered during the. remainder of the week. Some few places did not receive enough rain while some received too much, with washing rains in Dairlield, Harn well and Edgetlold, but on the whole, there is BUillcient moisture for tho present need of crops. Eighteen places reported weekly measurements of less than I inch : 10 from 1 to 2 inches; l.'i from 2 to -l Inches; 3 over inches with a maximum fall of 7.20 at Oak land. The average of these ?o meas urements is 1.50 while tho normal is about 1.20. Hail fell, to the injury of crops, in Chester, Anderson, Harnwell and Clar endon. The amount of sunshine varied great ly. The estimated percentage of the possible ranged from 1 1 to vs, with about a normal percentage as the aver ago for the State. Crops are In good condition and grow ing well. This is the tenor of most of the correspondent's reports for tho week. The exceptions relate mainly to excessive rains in portions of Berke ley, Chester, Clarendon, I'airfield, Kichland, Orangehurg, Hurry, Hamp ton and Harnwell, while In spots over the central and western counties more rain would prove beneficial. Laying hy of crops was hindered by heavy rains, and grass is threatening many tields although no harm has as yet been done. On the whole, crop pros pects are decidedly bolter than at any time during the season, except for such as are matured or ripening including peaches which are rotting badly, and melons which are inferior. The greater portion of the corn crop is being laid by greatly hnpoved by tho recent lains. Sonic fields that wero badly parched by the previous hot, dry weather are revived and look promis ing. Early corn is abontall in silk and tassel, but the stalks arc low and gen erally small. It is liring in Berkeley, due to excess of moisture, and also in Darlington. Chinch bugs continue to damage it In Chester and York. Late corn without exception is in lino condition. Cotton continues to improve in most sections. Tne exceptions aro portions of Berkeley, Sumter and Hampton where it is too wet and the plant has begun to shed its fruit, it is yellow in Barnwoll. Cotton made rapid growth and fruited heavily during the week. Half-grown bolls are numerous in the eastern counties. Fields aro beginning to show up grassy in places ami some will he laid by in foul condition. Some cotton has already been laid by. Tho condition of the plant is very promis ing over tho entire State and in por tions of Orangehurg as line as ever seen. Sea-Island cotton is growing vigorously, fruiting heavily, and no ad verso conditions whatever noted. Dice continues to maintain its ex cellent condition, but sustained some injury from caterpillars in Hamilton. Upland rice notdoing well in Williams burg. Svvcet potato draws still being trans planted and are doing well evcry w here. Pastures revived and afford good grazing generally. Crass for bay, making rapid growth. Tobacco cutting and curing making favorable progress. Tho reports on tobacco vary greatly, indicating a lack of uniformity In condition. Many re port it poor, some about an average, and a few an excellent crop both as to yield and quality. Melons are ripening and shipments are heavy. Tho size ami quality of early melons an somewhat inferior but later growth are more promising. Grapes continue to rot badly. Thoy are ripening ami being shipped from the southeast, rn counties. Scupper- ?, nong vinos are heavily fruited and tho fruit in healthy condition. Prom the national bulletin of July 6th : " Cotton needing rain over tho greater part of the cotton belt, more, particularly the southern portions. The eron Is, however, generally clean anfl fruiting well. In southern Toxaa bolls arc beginning to open. " In the principal corn States of tho central valleys, corn made rapid growth, but in the Southern States it is suffering for ram, in some sections seriously." J. W. BAU KU, Director., A DlSCOUKAOrU) DltUMMHit.? Prank U almond, a Chicago drummer, ox plains why ho didn't toll anything to reporters any more. " Well, once when I was in a hotel at Cleveland a tola gram reached mo stating that my brother, who worked in the lumber woods of Forest county, Ponn., had met with a fatal accident while trying to roll a log with a cant-hook. A. re porter inquired of me concerning the accident as I was leaving, and when I returned a few days later I saw in an old paper tho statement that my brother had boon fatally injured by a moon y co... ?' What under the starry canopy put such an idea into your hoad V" I. said to the reporter next morning. " 'Well,' he replied, 'you said ho had been injured in some way by a cant hook, and tho only thing I can thjnk of that can't book h> a mooloy cow.''. ?Uncommon fractions : " I seo that I Skiodollar is advertising his goods' for' salo for a ' fraction of tholr ro?l I value.'" "Yob, about olght-flfths, f guess."