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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, July 27, 1897, Image 1

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VOL. XIII LAURENS, S. C, TUESDAY, JULY 27, 1897. No. 10.
The Senatorial Campaign
A Lively l ime but Everybody wm Ii
a Qood Humor? li by und Muytloltl
Relate It Ibriti Iliuiory.
Tin- Columbia campaign meeting wm
about ou tlie dame plane us tiie preced
ing meetings. M i ssrs. M i.vl'e 1 l und
[rby did uku occasion to reaffirm thulr
charges against Governor Ellerbo with
more thun their usual vehemence, and
0 d. Irby let out one moro Reform
eeerot by asserting that in 181)0 Ellerbo.
in the eoi.v -ntion, was declared nomin
ated oomi t-o lor general wiien as a
matter of luel Stokes, of Colleton, re
ceived the nomination by nine votes.
This, bo said, was known at the timo
to a goutiuinan who has since been ex
alted to the bunch.
Mr. Mayfijld made public the slate
already made for Stute olllcials, so ho
said, and gave voice to other things of
more than general interest. Senator
McL aurin, In addition to his usual tarilT
speech prefaced it wit't uorno free silver
arguments. Farmer Governor Kvans
btuek to his free trade arguments. Mr.
.lud n T. I) mean appeared in the lists
for the first time.
When Mr. May field was introduced,
ho was received with applause. Ho
said, in reply to the chargo as t.> unfair
ness as tu the timo limit, that Mr. Mo
Lauriu's coutention was unfair, and he
ought ta know it. it was wrong %j
weary the audience, and Mr. McLaurin
ad distributed thousands of his
spu> ches with his frank, and ho has
newt"papers to give his views publicity.
Ho mid that Mr. McLaurin had
ohargtd bim with befng In a combina
tion, and tho Evening Record had made
nil kinds of ottargt s against him. Tho
R cord, be said, was owned and cou
troilud^by E lerbo, Neal and McLaurin.
Mr. McLaurin bad $f>l)0 In stock: in tho
paper, and E lerbo and Neal each had
?160or moro in it, and controlled it.
Mr. Koester : "No, sir, they don't
control It or mo."
Mr. McLiurln arose, and said In ex
planation, t'?at Mr. Koester was his
friend. Mr. K 'ester bad stood by bim
and be lost bis position ou bis account,
and when he did so and had no position
and a wife and child to support, he
gave him $f>00 and ho could have done
what he wuntml with tho $500. Ho did
not own a cent's worth of btuck in tho
Record, or any other papor in tho
Mr. Mnytield; "What about Gov
ernor E lerbe and Col. Neal, tho Mark
Uanna of the Administration ?"
Hero some of tho crowd called for
Mi 1. mi in, and Mr. May field said that
no one eou.d brow-beat him, and be
would have fair play. He said the Re
cord had jumped on him, and ho could
du Minie Ol It bimsolf
He said that Col. Neal had made a
deal to strike down the, Chief Justice,
and that be believed Covornor Ellerbo
knew it. He said ho only struck when
ho was struct. Ho had nover made
any attack ou Governor Ellerbo, a.id
spoko of his record when ho was attack
ed and charged with being in a com
bination. Ho was a free, citiz-jn, and
said what ho pleased. Ho said that he
had Invited Governor Ellerbo to bo
there, and It was his fault ho was not
there. Mr. McLaurin knew lei was
going to bo in tbo raco. Ho know this
before there even was any talk of other
candldat s, and it was wrong or unfair
to charge mm with being in any Bort of
a combination. Ho said ho was sick
and tired of being charged with being
in any sort of a combination.
Mr. Muy lb Id then started out on the
tarilT question, and Bald, from Mr. Me
Laurin's statements ono would suppose
there wore no other Representatives
from the State ; that ho was the great
est Representative the State had over
had. He heard tbat this monstrosity?
tho Ding ley bill?was going to bo favor
ed by Senator Tillman. Mr. McLaurin
. said ho and Tillman agrood, and if so
and would vote for tho Diogley bill ho
would be a black-beartod Republican.
He said it was all foolishness to talk
of McLaurin not having fair play, when
ho bad a government frank to Bend out
his speeches; when ho had tho Admin
istration behind him; whon he had
three or more newspapers favoring
him ; when ho had his salary and other
things at his back. Ho went on to ask
whother the people woro willing to
pull money out of their poekots and pay
moro for rioe and lumber. Ho eaid Mc
Laurin wanted an increased duty on
boxes, sashes, doors, blinds and the
like. Tho veto on tho wool question
was, ho said, unwarranted, and could
not bo justitiell by It boing a personal
vote. McLaurin is a high Protection
ist, in theory If not in practice. Tho
fanners were to pay for these duties,
and Mr. McLaurin was not represent
ing his peoplo In his tariff view.'. Thon
McLaurin was in favor of tho Tillman
dispensary bill. If this bill passes tho
State can always have a dispensary
law. Ho wanted the State to get out
of the liquor business and to get out of
tho tratllo as soon us possible. Mr.
Maytield gave his views on tho liquor
question at length.
He said what he wanted was full re
ports in the daily press. Ho would not
woary the audience by Imposing on tho
timo of others, but would cut his speech
short. Uo was surprised that Mr. Mc
Laurin bad been thanking Heavon for
the State being free from nogro domina
tion. Ho had understood Mr. McLaur
in had thought of runiing Independent
tickets to biat tho Constitutional Con
Mi L iurln said that this chargo was
not true.
Mr. May Quid then askod whothor ho
would also deny writing tho l'opulistic I
Mr. McLaurin : "That Is nono of
your business."
This occasioned much applauso and
Mr. MuyQold then wont for Mr. Mc
Laurin for writing the Pcpulistlu plat
I or m, and said that ho had prepared a
series of questions to propound to Gov
ernor E.lerbo that would have paralyz
ed bim. Ho said ho bad not said any
thing about Governor Ellorbo until bo
was attacked by McLaurin and tho
Evening Record, in which Governor
Ellerbo bad stock, and which repre
sented Governor Ellerbc and Mr. Mc
Laurin. Ho said that no one could at
tack him without being hit back, and
Mr. Ellorbe should keep bis paper, the
Ricord, In uheok, and not lot It attack
Col. Irby started bis speooh with a
joke. Unfortunately for him, he said,
the people of Columbia had seen him
before. Ho came down hero In 188ti as
a member of tbo house and over since
he had been opposing the political way
of thinking of the people of Columbia.
He had opposed them honestly and
Col. Irby deelared that he had al
ways stood by the Reformers, but he
bad been just to the Conservatives,
McLaurin bad been false to every fac
tion or party he had ever allied himself
with. Ho advised that the Conserva
Ilves had iottor seleot a man that had
wen true to one party or faction. Mo
Laui in'n ,>olltlcal pathway, ho dce.lar
cd, wa-> Kt.-ewn .? ? L 'he, bones of hli
3lends. toll. . - he opposes th(
tspensary. but be favors Tinman's bill
Tho Tillmuojbill would uovor'havojpass
' { cd tho Sonuto had Mei.uuiln ohjcctod.
Lt wua a rulo of tho Sonato itliat unani
mous cunsont is necessary for local
measures. What was McLaurin's posi
tion then on tho dispensary ? ho asked.
1 With tho passage of tho Tillmun o il
1 tho legislature would enact a dispensa
ry law for all time to como.
"Do I do you that way ?" ho asked.
) ''l stund to tho farmers that raudo me. '
? Ho was net, he declared, like tho little
I jay-bird governor who forgot his
Fdlorbo got his start through fraud,
he asserted. In the convention of 1HU0
Stokes of Celloton beat him for comp
troller general by nine votes. There
was a judge on the boach who knew
how it was done, Crows know hosv it
was done and Noal had been trying to
stay his pen, but Crows was too honest
a man.
Go to tho tall of this '"State house
gang," ho said, for Hill Noal has more
head than brains, and go to F.llorbo for
I its hoad; tlo thosu two ends togother
and the peoplo hud tho ring which had
for its purpose tho perpetuation of cer
tain men in ottloo.
"Vote for me if you please. Crucify
mo if you will, but I'll bo a Koformor
and a Domoerat still,'* concluded Col.
Irbv. (Applause')
Air. Joha T. Duncan promised not to
detain tho peoplo long. Ho was run
ning, ho said, as u Koformor. His ad
here uce to Rjform principles dated
back as far us any man's. Ho was not
horo to oppose tho dispensary. Ho was
in sympathy with tho administration
in its enforcement of tho dispensary
law. Ho favored tho Tillraan bill. He
thought sinco tho liquor tratlic was an
evil that the State hud bettor tuke
charge of lt.
Mr. Duncun declared that Mr. Me
Luurin had never boon truo to any fac
tion or party with which lie t.ud been
allied. He had heard Mr. McLaurin
mentioned ua an opponent of Till man
in l'JOU, but ho would bo nothing but a
feuther weight. Ho wus for Tillmun
against any man he hud over heurd
mentioned for tho place.
Mr. Duncan then declared that ho
favored tho free coinage of silver and
opposed tho tar;IT policy of McLaurin.
Mr. Duncan then rotated about his
recent tight about the jurisdiction of
Stute aud Federal courts. Ho did not,
truo to his promise, detuin tho peoplo
long. Hereafter ho will bo with tho
Former Governor Kvans was the last
IC \ < ? i ( I 11 ? ?. Seem". Ill I he House When
thoTarlfTBtll is Passed?Bailey and.
McMillan Disagree.
The final veto on tho Dingloy tarilT
bill in the Uouso wus tukonon Wodnos
duy lust. The tloor of the House pre
sented un animated uppeurunce long
before the speaker rapped thut body to
order. Members stood ubout In groups
and discussed, sometimes in excited
tones, tho result of tho conference
agreement on tho tarilT ibill which was
to'bo presented for tinal action. The gal
ories wore comfortably well filled and
every member in the city was in his
sout when Speaker Heed ascended the
rostrum at noon. Most of tho couforees
on the tariff bill were in their pluccs,
their d -sks pilod high with pupors und
documents. The blind chaplulu in his
pruyor invokodu blessing on tho duy's
work. "May tho history of tho day,"
ho prayed, "bo worthy of this groat na
tion and redound to the good of ail its
After a few minor matters had been
d.sposed of, Mr. Dingloy aroso. Hold
ing aloft tho report and a gi o a mass of
of papers, he said, In calm tones : "Mr.
Speaker, I desire to present the confer
ence report on tho tarilT bill."
Salvos of uppluuBd from the Republi
can side greeted this announcement.
Tho papora were carried to the clerk's
desk. The reading of tho formal re
port waa dispensed with at tho request
of Mr. Dlngley and tho statement of the (
effect of tho chunges road.
Mr. Halley, tho loader of tho minor
ity, disclaimed boforo tho reading be
gun, any responsibility for tho stuto
ment, which, ho said, the minority has
had no opportunity to read. At tho
conclusion of tho reading of tho state
ment Mr. Dingley took tho fl >or. Ho
fore be begun his speech ho said he de
sired, if posslblo, toenttr into un agree
ment with the minority us to the length
of time debate should run. Mr. Halley
said the minority would liko three
days, but knowing that sueh tima could
not bo obtained ho would bo willing to
allow the debate to run today and to
morrow, with provision dor a voto bo
fore ad journmont tomorrow.
Mr. Dingley, in reply, said ho was not
prepared to agree to Mr Ualloy'a prop
osition. When ho oxpreasod tho hope
that a vote could be reached today tno
Republicans broko into long and loud
"Talk at this tlmo is very expen
sive," said Mr. Dingley. "lt costs tho
treasury $100,000 a day."
All efforts to rouch an agreement
failed. Mr. Dingloy, with tho state
ment that he would confor with Mr.
Halley later, opened his speech en the
conference repcrt. The figures and de
tails of tho explanation of tho ehangos
were very dry, but the house guvo him
close and earnest attention. Ho took
up each schedule, explaining in detail
the changes mado, and following, clos
ing with tho formal statomont given
out by tho committoo Concerning the
item of cyanide of pot.>H*ium, he Buid it
had boon most unwil ingly accorded by
bet House and only after the most pos
itive inuiBtunco by the Sonato con
Concerning tho sugar schedule, Mr.
Dingley read from the otllcial state
ment, adding brief comments. Hy tho
I now arrangement about $2 OJU.OOO in
I c.rousu of revenue would bo roali/.od as
the increase, had been placed on raw
sugars ut the point whore rovenue
would bo recolvod and at tho same time
the beet sugar industry will receive
substantial bonollt.
In conclusion, Mr. Dingly received
round after round of applause from his I
Republican colleagues by predicting as
u result of the enactment of this bill a
rise of prices and a restoration to pros
Mr. Wheolor (Dem.) of Alabama
opened tho debatu for the Democrats,
criticising the bill as tho most vlolous
and burdunsomo evor imposed on the
American people.
Ooe of the greatest demonstrations
<>f the debate occurred when Mr. Lan
bam (Dem.) of Texas, who followed,
paid a tribute to W. J. Uryan. Demo
crats cheered fur several mlnutos and
many of the spectators joined in the
The bill was further debated by Mr.
Hall (I) on.) of Texas, Mr. Fleming
(Dem.) of Georgia, Mr. Handy (Demj
of Delaware, Mr. Kelly (Pep.) of North
i Dakota, Mr. Grosvenor (Rep. ) of Ohio.
At 0 o'clock a recess was taken until
? 8 p. m.
At 8 o'clock when th* night session
f began tho galleries were orowded,
I many ladles being present. Mr. Diog*
? ley stated at the outset that he hoped
? to secure a vote by 10 o'clock. Mr.
i Bailey said 10 o'clock was too early, but
i he thought the veto could be taken by
. U, He would not, however, muko a
dutinlto agreement on tho vote. There
upon, Mr. Dingley guvo notieo that he
would move the previous question not
lator thun 11 o'clock.
In tho galleries woro runny distin
guished personage? of both sexes. In
in the executive gullery sat Secretary
of the Navy Long and on tho floor at
the side of Mr. llitt. of IUInoi,8 bat At
torney General McKonna, who wan a
inoinbor of tho Wayn and Mmns oom
mittee in 1S5IU, when tho McKinley law
was passed. Altogether, it was u bril
liant sotting for tho close of a memora
ble struggle. Tho Republicans still
pursued the tactics they had adopted
during tho day session. None of them
claimed tho Qoo.' and tho minority woro
compelled to put forward their speak
ers. These continued their assaults on
tho Republican breastworks, but not a
shot was tired in return. Therefore,
after Mr. McDowell of Ohio and Mr.
Hurry of Kentucky, both Democrats,
had tnado briof speeches, Mr. Bailey,
tho Democratic loader, who had been
rosorving his speech for tho close, took
tho lljor. lie made a carefully pro
pared argument dealing more with tho
general principles luveived than with
details. Time and again during the
progress of his remarks tho Democrats
wore aroused by his eloquence to a high
pitch of enthusiasm. Mr. Bailey said
in part:
"Tho prctonso that tho bill under
consideration is designed primarily to
increase tho public revenues Is u falso
ono on its very faco, because if that
had been the Intention It could have
beon accomplished without disturbing
all tho business interests of tho country
by goncral revising of all our tariff
duties. Slight changes in tho existing
law would havo sulllced.
"VVhilo thero is no reasonable doubt
as to what tho Republican leaders of
tho llouso expected -.ud Intended to do,
their purposo has boen. at least par
tially, defeated by tho amendments of
tho Souato. I (to not mean to imply
that tho dominant party in tho Senate
is entitled to any credit for playing at
cross purposes with thoir friends in the
House ; for the Senate appears to havo
amended tho llouso bill not so much
because they woro opposed to tho ob
ject which the Llouso had in view as
becauso they seemed to think that the
Uouse's zoal had out-run its judgment,
and that instoad of yielding a surplus,
which would enable tho pri sent admin
istration to colloctand retire tho green
backs, its bill would have resulted In a
"Bavo tho industries of tho United
Stat ;s suffered under the present law
from foreign competition r It is only
necessary for us to examine the treas
ury reports to find ou-' answer. As ro
markablo as it may appear after all
that our Republican friends havo said,
tho treasury roports show that instead
of foreign competition increasing under
tho present law, it has aetua ly de
creased as compared with the McKin
ley law.
?'Anothor more practical but less
potent reason why tho Ripublloan
party cannot undertake in earnest to
suppress theso hurtful combinations of
capital is that its vast and complicated
scheme of tax...ion for privato pur
poses is maintained by tho activo and
Qnanoial support of those who have
personal and bus uoss connections with
those trusts ; and as you roly upon the
votes, tho inlluer.co and tho campaign
subscriptions of 'trusts, it is unreason
able to supposo that you will dony them
a participation in too profits of a sys
tem which they have helped to fasten
upon tho country. Wo havo sutlluiont
and abundant proof of this fact In tho
pending bill, which gives to tho sugar
trust a puro gratuity which experts
ostimatu at no loss than $4,U0J,000 an
" I am not willing to chargo In this
high place that tho Republican party
has sold its lntollect and consciunco to
the sugar trust and I prefer to bulluvo
that it has been driven by tho logic of
its position to tho assistance of a mo
nopoly that bus grown so bold under its
special privileges that it scandalizes
Congress and defies tho power of tho ,
courts. Hut, sir, tho Republican party
must confess that it has sold itself to
tho sugar trust or it must admit that ,
protection cannot deny Its benefits to ,
monopollos." ,
Mr. Balloy revlowed the sugar sched
ulo at length and scored tho sugar
trust, adding : "My dollborato j ldg- ,
mont is that tho sugar trust possesses ,
power over you not becauso it buys
your individual votes, but becauso it is
a part of your systom and as it helps
to support your system, your system is
compelled to help support it : and it is
certain that trusts will continuo to in
crease In number and power as long as
you continuo your policy of protection.
"I am aware, sir, that thoro are
some who protend to bellovu that an
uttoranco ltko this is not in harmony
with tho platform of our last nutioual
convontlon ; but thoro is nothing in tho
language ot that platform or in tho cir
cumstances attending its adoption to
warrant that opinion.
" 1 am opposed to Republican pro
tection, becauso It discriminates be
tween American citizens, giving to tho
ono who sells an unjust advantage ovor
tho ono who buys ; and I am opposed
to this modorn thoory of free raw ma
terials, because it discriminates be
tween American Citizens, gl zing tho
ono who buys an unjust advantage over
tho ono who soils.
" I do not plead for special privileges
for tho farmers ; I only pload In do
fonso of tho Democratic party for hav
ing bald that in dealings with this
question it will keep its pledge that
nono shall onjoy a special favor nor
shall any Buffer a special burden ; but
that all shall stand equal boforo tho
law. To establish ana maintain tho
equal rights of men wa6 tho groat mis
sion to which its foundors dedicated
tho Democratic party a hundred years
ago, and to which wo reconsocratcd it
last year' If wo adhere steadfastly j
and faithfully to this, tho most vital of ;
all our principles, tho American peo
ple will reward our fidelity with their
contidonco and wo can reward their
conthlonco by pcrpotuating forover and
forovormoro this, tho groatost, tho
freest and tho best govornmont that
over roso to animate the hones or to
tost tho saorificos of mankind."
Toward the clo*e of his remarks, tho
effect of Mr. Bailey's spoooh was great
ly marrod by tho difficulty ho oxpo
rloncod In speaking. His voice became
vory hoarse and ho was obligod to
drink frequently of lomonado to oloar
his throat. Jus* bofore tho close of
Mr. Bailey's remarks tho most sensa
tional Incident, of the de,bate occurred .
11 e had beon assailing tho dootrlno of
froo raw materials as a comparative
Innovation in the Democratic, orood.
In order to demonstrate that It was a
produot of Clovolandlsm, ho sent to
the clerk'n desk and had road an ex
tract from a nowspapor commontlng
on the fact that In the !?' >rty-nlnth Con
gress Senator Mills, thon a member of
tho House, Mr. MoMlllan, of Tennes
see, and two othor Democratic mem
bers of the ways and means oommltteo
had voted against freo wool. Mr. Mo
Mlllan jumped to his foot and demanded
to know whether U was charged that
he had voted against free wool.
-?William E. Morrison told ma so
11 with his own Bps," replied Mr. B*lley,
' faolng Mr. MoMlllan, whose fao^
both you and Senator Mills voted
i ngaln .1 some reductions in tho metal
"Since tho gentleman has seen lit to
attack my record and to misrepresent
inu," began Mr. McMillan, but Mr.
Bailey quickly disclaimed any purpose
of attacking him, "1 desire to com
mend your action then," said ho. Tho
disclaimer being accepted, Mr. McMil
lan hotly asked in turn why Mr. Bailey
had voted in the ways anil moans com
mittee against the wot Ion schedule of
tho present law when it was offered as
a substitute for tho high rates in the
pending measure. A wavo of applause
ran over tho Democratic side at this
question, hut It was drowned in tho
perfect storm of approval that greeted
Mr. Bailey's reply that never as long
as ho was in Congress would ho vote
for 50 por cent, duties on woolen goods
and no duties on raw wool. Tho Re
publicans and the galleries joined in
this demonstration.
" How could tho gentleman from
Tennessee," ho continued when the ap
plause had subsided, "vote for free
wool in tho face of tho Chicago plat
form, which ho helped to defend."
"The Chicago platform did not take
tho hack track on tho principle of tariff
for revenue only," replied Mr. McMil
"I'll prove that it did,'' cried Mr.
Bailey. "Is Mr. Robertson, of Louis
iana, In tho house?" he asked, looking
about him. But Mr. Robertson was
not present and Mr. Bailey proceeded
to argue that tho Chicago platform did
return to tho old Democratic theory
Be said that tho Democratic organiza
tion sought to roseuo tho party from
those who wero wrecking it. When
tho party was making new recruits the
wrcekors had deserted It."
Moreover, Mr. MoMlilan lu turn,
delved Into Mr. Balley's past and
pointed out occasions when tho Lone
Star statesman had voted for free coal,
free 'rou ore, freo barbed wire, free \
sugar, and even freo wool in tho L'Hfty
Second Congress.
Mr. McMillan's comments upon tho
inconsistency of Mr. Bilioy' free wool
vote caused much merriment. In con
clusion ho appealed to tho Democracy
to go into tho battle again with its
banners bearing the old mottoes.
Mr. Bailey got tho II )or after Mr.
McMillan finished, long enough to say
that when he cast tho votes referred to
by Mr. McMillan the endorsed doctrine
of his party was free raw material and
as a loyal Democrat he supported its
platform declarations. Ho now hald n
commission from the Democracy to op
pose that doctrine and he. should doso.
It was now after 11 o'clock. Mr.
Payne and Mr. Dingley, successively,
took the floor for some closing remarks.
Trusts, ho said, could not bo eradicated
by epithets. The way to break down
tho trusts, said he, is to establish a
boot sugar factory in every Congres
sional district in the country and make
competition. That is the way to clip
tho wings of tho trust. (Loud and
long Republican applause.)
Mr. Payne had a good deal of fun at
tue expense of the Democratic leaders
who wero raving over their orthodoxy,
thoir views wero diametrically op .
posed, but each had tho authority of a
Democratic platform.
When Mr. Payne took his seat Gov
ernor Dingley arose amid a storm of
cheers and demanded tho previous
question on the adoption of the con
ference report.
Mr. Johcson (Rep.), of Indiana, tried
to ask Mr. Ditigley a question while
the question was being put. Several
times ho called "Mr. Speaker," but
was not recognized. The demand was
sustained by a viva voce vote and tho
vote on tho adoption of tho report fol
lowed by yeas and nays.
Considerable excitement occurred
while tho vote was being taken. When
tho speaker announced tho vote, 1<S.">
ayes, 118 noes, tho Republicans breite
into loud cheers.
ABOUT THE TOAD.?A writer iu O.ir
Animal Friends defends this little
creature. Ha says that many people
view with disgust and loathing this
rough, uncouth, 1 "athory-ooated little
creature wit'i hlsdlstondod s'omaeh and
squat, ungraceful form, yet tneir aver
sion Is totally without reason. Tho toad
is not venomous or harmful, nor can he
be utterly ugly with his singularly clear
and bril liant eyes. An old superstition
says,"The toad has a jewel in his head."
If he has, it must be tho gleam of tho
jewel ttiat Hashes through bis eye and
lights up his otherwise unattractive
However .his may be, tho toad Is a
jewel in himself from an economic
point of view. Tho farmer has no bit
ter friend or ally in his warfare ugainst
Injurious insects. Tho toad comes forth
mostly at night, when such insects as
tho cut-worm are abroad. When I am
working in the garden and Inadver
tently disturb a toad, I p.lways feel like
bogging his pardon, for-, however queer
It may seem to some, I like toads. In
this Dakota-land they aro very tibun
dant, and I notico that insects are pro
portionately few.
When following the breaking plough
1 have often beon a reluctant spectator
of tho last sad tragedy In tho lives of
some of these beneficent little creatures.
Thoy love to burrow down in the earth
to just about tho depth that the plough
share takes, and thoy aro sometimes
sliced In two. On these occasions when
examining tho con ton ts of their stom
achs, 1 have boon earprisod at the quan
tity thoy could hold. I have also noted
the prevalence of Injurious species of
insects, such as leaf-booties, cut-worms,
grubs and their larvao. A few days
ago, as another victim passed under the
piough, 1 took pains to note the con
tents of its stomach, which consisted
of four largo cut-worms, two bean-bee
tles, seventeen small loaf-hot ties, eight
small manure-beetles, three tlies, sev
eral larvao and about a touspoonful of
t >e small aromatic yellow ants. This
was only a mod I urn-si /, 3d toad; and now,
just think how many such meals ho had
taken In his life; then think of his mil
lions of relatives, and the monh thoy
had oaten In their lives; after that re
member that In their pollywog stato
toads clear out myriadb of larvao from
stagnant wat >r, and do much toward
lessoning the great mo.-qulto pest, ai.d
you may imagine the vast quantity of
Injurious Insect material they must
havo destroyed.
I havo domesticated and colonized
toads in my collar and garden, anu ab
wnya felt amply repaid by tho deoroaso
I In the number of tho lnsec'us. It makes
little ditYoronoe to tho toads whother
his meal bo of cabbago wor ms, mosqui
toes or bean-booties?down thoy go,
and Hs he rubs his throat with one
I "hand" he winks his off oye, and Is
ready for more.
I ?It la reported that ex-l'resldont
: Cleveland will In November bo form
1 ally tendered tho ollleo of president of
I tho University of Virginia. Hereto
I fore the chairman of tho faculty has
i been at the head of tho University.
?A Boston millionaire, whoreeontly
. died, mado provision that his wife
should receive each year oxaotly her
i owe weight In pure gold.
?Tho behteapit.il for a boy Is not
I money, hilt the love of work, simple
i tastes, and a heart loyal to his frlonds
and God.
Tunnel Hill on Stump House Moun
tain was Once a Thriving, Busy
Anderson I ntolligencer.
Ooonoe has more dead towns to the
Bquare inilos probably than any County
in the State?not merely to1 . that
have quit growing, or that ...^ In tho
collapse that follows an exploded boom,
but defunct, obliterated, forgotten.
I'ickons County has two auch, Kort
George or K> owce, and l'ickon&ville,
and Anderson County one. Anderson*
villo, where the beautiful mountain
streams with their beautiful Indian
names?tho Scnoca and tho Tugaloo?
rush into each other's embrace
It cannot, of course, bo twisted into
any diseredit of Gvoneo that tho sites
of these dead towns of another ago and
of other conditions are within her bor
ders, for Walhalla, Westminster, Sen
eca and Newry arc gems that bespangle
her background of blue.
Besides theso places of interest? Ooo
noo Station, an Indian trading post in
the long ago, Tunnel Hill, that sprung
into iife when tho builders of the great
Blue H dge Railroad set down to bjro
through Stump House Mountain, aud
old I'lckens, that gave up the ghost
with tho dismemberment of old Piek
ens District?Ojouco is historic in that
her soil holds tho ashes of Colonel Hon
Cleveland, Gen. Andrew i'ickeus and
Horseshoe Robinson, heroes all, of tho
As one stands for the fwst time on
the summit of Tunnel Hill and peers*!n
to thejyawning mouth of tho dismantled
shaft or turn? to gaze, upon tho im
mense pile of fragmentary granite ly
ing around, one cannot repress the ludi
crous idea that at some remote period
of its existence Stump House Mountain
had relieved itself ol an attack of geo
logical nausea, so to speak, by a vomit
ing lit.
Tue oppressiveness of the picture of
perfect desolation that marks tho scene
to-day la intensified by tue rolle tlon
that for a time a tide Of busy life surged
over the mountain, whilst through its
depths wus being pushed the most stu
pei dons engineering feat of tho timo.
Forty-four years ago the.solitude of the
ages hitherto unbroken was rudely dis
turbed, and for six years the old moun
tain groaned and trembled in the inex
orable grasp of science, and then al
most us suddenly Die primaeval still
ness resumed its sway and the coon,
tho catamount and the bear roamed
uguin over thoir old haunts.
it will surprise many at tho present
day, especially those who go there for
thu lirot time, to know thatou the sum
mit of Tunnel Hill where but one house
now stands, and it constructed of the
remains of several 'others, was oneo a
bu?y town of fifteen hundred people, in
cluding live hundred laborers who work
oil in and around the tunnel. Tho town
hud u hotel, boarding houses, u school,
a church (Catholic) and the usual com
plem nt of barrooms. There were sev
eral stores. The contractors ran a store
and Mr. Wesley l'ltchford, whose son.
Mr. C. W. Pltobford, is now one of tho
loading merchants of Wulhallu, sold
goods there, us did others.
One of tho drinking saloons stood
within u few yards of tho shaft (No.
and was run by San Francesco Plzarro
SanohO, an Italian, who, just on tho
eve of the war, murdered Tnomas Har
rison, of Ooonoe, on tno stone pave
ment in front of tho old hotel at Feu
illeton. Saucho's father and younger
brother, Benato, went to Tunnel Hill
direct from Italy. The big rock (ill at
the eastern mouth of tho tunnel wus
put there by tho old man, who, duy
after day, carted stone from tho tunnel
with his little, mule. The old fellow
never learned a word of I'.aglish, bo
that the imprecations heaped upon his
little mule were couched In sulphurous
italiun, w hieb made no difference with I
tho mule.
When the war came on lljnuto fought
valiantly for the South. Tho laborers
wore nearly all Irish und Catholic-*, und [
came mostly from the North. When
tho work was suspended in tho latter
part of 1850 for luck of un appropria
tion bv the Stito, for the great roud
wus u Stuto enterprise, most of the men
went buck North, und It is altogether
prob.ible that in my of them found their
way into the Union armies und met in
tho shock of Puttie many of tho men
whom they knew and witn whom they
worked at Tunnel Hill. Oao of these
whoa stayed S?ith was| Fietoher, un
Knglishnian, who hud the distinction
of being the smallest man in tho Second
S. C. K lies.
There wore several contractors dur
ing tho progress of tho work, Anstm
Hangs & Co., Humbird, Hitchcock &
Co., and one other, all Northern men, |
of course. No one knows exactly how ,
much money was ex ponded on the work,
but 1 am assured by uno who was in a j
position to make u fair estimate that it
was at least one million dollars.
Tho tunnel is ono und one-fourth
miles long, und the entire distance is
through sol ill rock. The western exit i
is sixty feet higher than the eastern,
which is to say, the guide through tho
tunnjl is foriy oight foot to the mile.
There are four shafts, numbered from
east to west, und tho greatest depth,
two hundred und forty feet, la near
shuft number tsvo. Some sixteen hun
dred linear foot is unfinished, which
s.iows that praotioally three-fourths of
tho work was completed. Hut forty
live feet between shafts numbers one
and two la unfinlshod, and the rest is
between numbers three and four. From
four to western mouth is completed. I
have boon toid by a re'iuble man who
worked there thut ut shaft number
four u innlo was let down to draw stone '
to foot of shuft und thut a your later
that same mule walked out into duy
light at western entrance apparently
nono tho worse for his long subterra
nean Imprisonment. Tho company
made thoir own blasting p iwdor of pot
ash and tho ehurcoal of poplar, chest
nut ami willow. Somj vestiges of tho
powder house, located near eastern en
trance and also near the beautiful issu
quenuh Falls, are yet to be soon.
Near this spot u young man, u strang
er, who had taken a sub-contract, was
murdered ono night by Homo of tho
toughs about tho place in tho boltof
that ho had lots of money. Tho story
gees thut they got no money und thut
there wus nono that know his numo,
and ho wus burled whoro ho was inur
' dored. If I ever go there uguin I shull
hunt his gravo. Tho story is well au
Another inurdor was corn ml Hod ono
Sunday n^ar shaft number two. Smith,
a laborer frrim Georgia, rr..vo offense to
some Irishmen, who host him to death.
A number of arrests voro made and
thoro was a big trial hi old 1'ickena,
but no convictions.
Several men woro accidentally killed
at all tho shafts except number one.
Two were killed at shaft number two.
A man named K-jlloy, from Laurons,
j who tho day boforo bad boon on a spree,
j lost his footing on the timbers at the
I mouth of tho shaft, whoro lt was his
business to attend tho bucket as it up
Soared loaded wlthBW.no, and in falling
e si i nek Collins, an Irishman, who
was com ng up on the bucket, and both
wore, burled to death. Kolley's wife
hud but a few moments before brought
her husband Ins dinner, und when she
beard of bis death she rushed frantical
ly to tho shaft u d was with difficulty
restrained from jumping down.
At number three, two were killed by
a cave. One of these svas a Hughes, of
Oconeo. Oj another occasion a man
was scalded to death by tbo hoisting
online at that shaft and several badly
injured. At number four, three lost
their lives. One, a young Irishman, in
trying to jump into tho oucket as it
was Started down at six in the morn
ing, missed and fell headlong, his body
finally lodging among the timbers of
theshiift near the bottom. As ho fell
one of his shoes, which were of a pecu
liar kind, was wro*nchcd from his foot
and dropped at the feet of tho workmen
below, ami these, bearing tho commo
tion just overhead and recognizing toe
shoe, knew who svas killed. Mr. l?. I)
Foster, of Rich land, Oconeo, then a
youth of sixteen, was employed in the
tunnel, and was standing within three
foet of wbero the shoe fell: another
was killed by a drill hammer falling
from the bucket upon his head. A
Germaa, whole business was to go
around every two hours and till tiie
minors' lamps, was on bis way to mouth
of shaft number four to go down and
till lumps, when In some way unac
counted for the materials in the box in
which he carried them exploded and
killed him. The men worked day anil
night, Sunday excepted, by shifts, di
vined into three reliefs id eight hours
It isa pity that a road which prom
ised go much for the. .State in general
and Charleston in particular should
have 'failed of completion, the more
particularly since it was so near linish
ed. The work was stopped in 185U for
want of funds, but it would no doubt
have been renewed bad not the war
eaine ou so soon. AnilYort was made a
fow years after the war to sot the en
terprise on foot agaiu, bat it failed,
owing, no doubt, to the fact that the
State was in the hands of plunderers.
Daring the lust winter of the war
Capt. T. H. Kussel I, at the bead of a
company of sixteen-year-olds, was sta
tioned at Tun noil Hill, und the youth
ful soldiers divided timo between fish
ing deserters out of the mountain fast
nesses and throwing rocks into the
yawning shafts. The boys soon incur
red the hostility of those men in whoso
breasts patriotism was at a heavy dis
count, and rumors often ascended the
bills that the deserters wereonoving on
them in a body. One night, when the
mountain was wrapped in snow and the
boys iu slumber, the Captain decided
to test the mettle of his ycai ling sold
Acting under BOerot instructions, the
picket dashed in from the post a mile
away and pounding the; boys' quarters
with, 'Git Up, hoys, the deserters is
a-COtnln,' " soon had the little camp in
an uproar of confusion. Some of the
boys got into their breeches back side
foremost, and John /. ichary. a nephew
of the Captain, buckling on the pano
ply of war as he ran, rushed to head
quarters "to sec what I'nelo Tom was
going to do about it." They were soon
under arms and moving steadily toward
tho picket post, tho point where the
Clayton road branches off. Just before
readied this t ie command was dep.ey
ed and halted, and a rooonnoitorlng
party, one of whom was in the secret,
Jim Uearden, of Ouonee, I believe, sent
forward. Presently the party return
ed, but to the expectant soldiers with
bated breath and dilated eyes their
footfalls in the snow made them an in
numerable host, and the little fellows
pulled back their musket ham mors and
lixed for business. The officers could
hardly restrain them from tiring. Of
course, the reeonnoissanco disclosed a
false alarm and the boys were inarched
back to camp, and by morning were
normal and were throwing rocks down
into the tunnel again. One of the sur
vivors related this Incident to mo re
cently, and added, "We'd 've shot
once anyhow." When I queried de
murely if ho did not think tliey would
have shot twice, at least, be replied,
with a catch-on glance, 'Yos : onco at
the deserters and once for camp."
TUjLMAN pails.
His Dispensary Hill Will not Gome up
Before Congress at '1 bin Session.
A special from Washington to the
Columbia Stataof Wednesday says that
by the decisive, vote of I to aftena two
hours' bearing the committee on rules
refused to report a rule for the consid
eration of the Tillman liquor bill at
this session. Tim information suggest
cd a different result und the action
was a disappointment to Senator Tin
man. The arguments In support of the
application for the rule wore pri sentcd
by Senator Tillman and K iprusentattvo
Lttlmer. 'twas not disguised that the
Objuot of ' e bill was to circumvent the
Slmonton decision and perpetuate the
existing dispensary system in the Stal'
Representative Lutlmor, bowevor, dis
claimed any purpose of that sort and
argued that the general principle of
the bill was sound, in giving to every
StaLj tho exclusive control of tho liquor
tratllo. If the proposed legislation
meant the perpetuation of the dispen
sary system be would not, be said, sup
port the bill.
1 n opposition, Iv.jpresentative E'llott
assailed tbo dispensary law, exposed .
its abuses, asserted that it was a dis
grace to tbo State and charged that it
was shamefully perverted anil pro.-ti- 1
tuted in the interest of certain politi
cians in tho State. Latlmor resented
tain criticism as an imputation on the
It-form party ami on bim personally,
i and retorted that if half be had board
: about Col. Elliott's contest for a seat in
Congress wore true he was in no posi
\ tion to disparage other people.
Col, Elliott indignantly denounced
, LatlmOl'd statement as an unwarranted
anil unmanly personal rellection. This
was the only unpleasant incident.
Mr. J.P. Kennedy Mryan, n promi
nent Charleston lawyer, concluded tho
argument in opposition to tho rule.
Fhe disputants had hardly cleared
tho speaker's room when on Bailey's
motion to report tiie rule, tbo vote was
takon *dth the result indicated. Bailey
and MoMlllln voted in too affirmative.
Representatives Wilson anu strait
woro present but took no part in the
discussion. Senator Tillman showed
keen disuppointinent and seemed to be
at tho ond of bis wits as to the n^xt
Congressman Wilson In discussing
the dispensary situation made too fol
lowing very important statement: Tno
two latest decisions of Judge Simonton
have given tbo death I I >w to tho dis
pensary. It wi.l b'icntirely powerless,
ho says, to cope with l!quor establish*
monts which pay no license and which
have practically unlimited powers of
sale. Tboy will, beyond question, un
dorsell tho dispensary, which can only
operate at a very heavy expense, as
i snown by Its history,
i The Stite board of control, ho suggests
? should exhaust tbo stock on hand by
' ' tho next meeting of tho general assom
i bly and reduce expenses so as to ontail
i as little loss as possible. Tno next legis
laturo. be thinks, will luivo to either
eoaot total prohibition or a high license
system with tho rostrlotions prosorlbod
in the Constitution. If the latter is
adopted. the Stato will realize more
revenue than It has recently done un
der the en:eebled und beset condition
of the dispensary. Tho discord und
divisions which have hecn existing
amongst the people because of Its ad
ministration and enforcement will dis
appear and perhapsa satlsfaot >ry and
aoeeptable solution of the liquor ques
tion in the State will have been dually
reached. Ho stated that he was satis
lied that congress is Dot going to inter
fere, and to his mind the only logical
result, uf the situation is as above
Aw Export's Statement as to the
Wealth or Our Kar Oil'Territory.
Dr. W. II. Dal I, one of the curators
of the National Museum at Washing
ton is familiar with the country in
which tho Klondykc gold fields are
located, having boon on several geolog
ical expeditions ^to tho region in
Alaska adjoining the told district and
says that in his opinion tho reports
from there probably are not exaggerat
ed. He says: " VVtien 1 was there I
uiil not lind goal, but anew of It being
taken out in prolit.iblo quantities for
fifteen years or more. It was lirst uis
covered there in 1800. In 1880, when
1 was up in that country, my last trip
having been made two yearn ago, the
party of prospectors who make mining
a profitable business started out. The
gold is found on the various tributaries
of the Yukon, and I havo been within
a comparatively short distance of tho
Klondyke Holds. 1 made one trip to
Crelo City, just over the boundary of
"The gold-bearing belt of north
western America contains ail the gold
lields extending into British Columbia
ai.d what is known as the .Northwest
Territory of Alaska. The Yukon
really runs along In that belt for 500 or
til'U miles. The bed of the main river
is in the low land of the valley.
"The yellow metal is not found in
paying quantities in the main river,
but in too small streams which cut
tin ough the mountains un cither side,
i'lieso practically wash out the gold.
TUo mud and mineral matter is carried
into the main river, while the gold is
left on the rough bottom of those side
streams. In most cases the gold lies
at the bottom of the thick gravel de
posits. The gold is covered by fn y. in
gravel in the winter. During the sum
mer, until the snow is all melted, the
surlace is covered hy muddy torrents.
When the snow is melted and the
springs begin to frei ze the streams
duy up. At the approach of winter, in
order to get at the gold, the miners
lini it necessary to dig into tlie gravel
lormatioo. b\>rinorly they stripped
the gravel ell until they came to the
gold. Now they sink a shaft to the
h ttom of the (. r V 1 ami tunnel a'ong
underneath in the gold-bearing layer.
"Tae way in which this is done is
interesting, as it bus tobe carried on
in cold weather, when everything is
frc/.jn. The miners build dies over
the area where they wish to work, and
keep these light id ever that territory
for tho space of about twenty four
hour '. At the expiration of this period
the gravel will bo molted and softened
to a dopthof perhaps six inches. This
is then taken off, and other Bres are
built until the gold-bearing layer Is
reached. When tho shaft is down that
far lircs are built at the bottom against
tho sides of the lay or and tunnels made
in this manner. Blasting would do no
good on account of the hard natu.'e of
tho material, and woeII blow out just
as out of a gun. The matter contain
ing the gold is piled until Bpring,
when too torrents come down and is
panned and cradled by these. It is
certainly very hard labor."
" I sec many reasons why the gold
Holds should be particularly ?ich. Tue
streams which cut through tho moun
tains have probably done so for cen
turies, wearing them down several
hundred feet and washing out the
gi Id int > the beds and gravel. It is a
country in which it is very ha d to find
food, as there is practically no game.
Before the whites went into the region
there were not more than !1U0 natives.
They have hard work to support them
selv s. on account of the scarcity of
The excitement over the recent dis
coveries of gel 1 in Aiasktt still con
tinues at Sau Francisco and when the
steamer Kxeelsior leaves fur St Mi
chaels she will carry all the miners'
supplies she can bold. The l?xoelsior
will he the last steamer I > sail this
yea" from San \- rancisco to connect
with the Yukon steamers, hut there is
already talK of chartering another
steamer to t ike up a crowd of miners.
No more news from the Klondyke
regi in will be received until the
steamers leaving hero havo returned.
Commissioner Bornum of i ie gen
eral laud ofllJO at Washington, has
stated that lie will recommend the
establishment of two land districts in
\) islern Alaska, the two ollic.es to bo
placed on the Yukon river or its tribu
taries, in anticipation of a gi rat num
ber of contentions over mineral land
1 ications in various sections where the
gold discoveries have boon made, Ho
says that as tho region is practically
without law, especially as to the Bottli -
ment of contests, the local 0 111 COS will
bo of infloite value to the laud inter
ests and indirectly to the preservation
of law and order. Tho olliocs, it is
probable, will be located atCircleCity
and Dawson City. Tho general land
office is in hourly expectation of
petitions and requests for some such
?Ono of the oddest documents of the
will kind known was that of Queon
AuBtrlgllda, consort of King Goutran,
of Burgundy. The dying princess on*
joined upon her husband to slay and
intry in the same grave with her the
physicians who had attended her.
Another will was that of a husband
who forbade his wife's marrying on
pain of his returning to haunt Inf.
This is quits different from that of a
woman who instructed her executors
to suek out "somu nice, good, pretty
girl," wlio would make an alToctionate
socond wlfo t.) her spouse, it is a fact
interesting in this connection that the
first Napoleon actually bequeathed
10,0(11) francos to a fellow named Can
tillon, wlio had boon tried for attempt
ing tho assassination of the Duko of
?This is tl1 o way that .1 udgo K iuhen
S. StalTord, if Malison, Ga , marries
tho negro victims brought before nim :
"By tho authority .vested in me as an
Officer of the stale) of i-Y.orgiu, which is
sometimes called tho Empire stato of
tho South ; by the flolds of cotton that
sproad in sno^y wliltenoss around us;
by tho howl of the coon dog, and tho
gourd vino whoso clinging tend rills
will shade thoontraooo toyour humble
dwelling place ; by tho rod and luscious
heart of tho watjrmolon, whoso swoot
ooss fills tho boart with joy ; by tho
heaven ? and oh. lb, In tiio prosonoo ol
those?witness(.s, I pronounce you man
and wifV*
six Persona Instantly Killed by an
Kxpio.sioii in u Gun Pactory??
Appalling BoeilOS ol' Horror.
An appalling acoldent ocourred in
the shell 1 lading department of the
Winchester Repeating Firearms com
pany shops at New Huven, Conn.
Without an instant's warning, six im
mun beings lost their lives by mi ex?a
plosion and another victim died soon
afterward at tho hospital. A score of
others were more or less wounded, but
no further fatalities are anticipated.
More than 150 men and women are
employed in ttie loading department,
and tb t more fatalities did not result
from the. concussion is miraculous.
The hundreds of people who gath
ered about the gates immediately
after the explosion witnessed a grue
some sight. Six dead bodies, black
ened with powder and frightfully
mangled, almost beyond recognition,
were lying on the floor. Near by two
injured men were writhing in agony,
and all about were men running, with
their faces and arms bleeding from
shot wounds, unmindful of their in
juries but trying to assist others and
quell the confusion. Owing to tho
uumber of girls who were carried out
( in a fainting condition, it was believed
that many of them were seriously
injured, and there was a great feeling
of relief when it was found that in
most cases they wen unharmed.
The dead arc: William jj\ Homier,
Mrs. Mary Baumoster, Miss Jennie
Brennun, Miss Ida Brown, William
Bill, Miss Tracy Conroy.
Fatally injured : Georgo Bardoff and
KUward BardolT.
The explosion occurred in the load
ing room. Employed in this room
were 150 hands, two-thirds of them
girls or women. Nearly all of the fe
male hands are employed on the load
ing machines, each of which requires
three operators. The full compleiiu nt
of hands was at work in the room when
the explosion took place. Forty feet
of the side of tne building was blown
out and hurled many feet and frag
ments of human bodies were scattered
in a sickening manner.
A hurry call was sent for all availa
ble physicians. The lire department,
the police, the ambulance ami hospital
corps were speedily suinmoooU, anil
the work of carl fig for the dead and
injured was begun. 11 arrowieg scones
were witnessed as the vast throng con
gregated al out tlie place. As rapidly
as possible, the injured were cared for.
In two instances the fullering of the
wounded was Irightful. One was
partially disemboweled. As rapidly
as a victim wi s Been to be alive the
sufferer was tenderly cared for, made
as comfortable as possible and cou
veyed with all possible speed to his
home. Two of the bodies had been
decapitated : others had been partially
torn asunder, and still others hail been
dismembered. The, ollicial? of the com
pany expended every elVort to assist in
the work of relief.
1'erhaps the saddest scene was en
acted when John Baumestor learned
that his wife was among the dead. Ho
lived in ilampdcn and hud been but
recently married. At the time of the
explosion he svas at work a few feet
distant from his wife. Mrs. Mary
Baumestor was but 10 years old and
had been in the factory but three
weeks. She was married a little over
a month ago and she and hoi husband
Fritz used adjoining machines. Tho
girl was blown fully 50 feet and so
Oru bed out of shape that it wus al
most impossible to identify her. The
hu-band, curiously enough, was ap
parantly blown with the same force
and by the same blast, and yet he is
one of the least seriou.-ly Injured, lie
struck the ground but a few foot short
of his wife.
The explosion did not cause any lire,
and the lire department con lined its
efforts to aiding in the work of relief.
The cause of the explosion has not
boon determined, and perl ups its cause
may never be known. Some of those
at work in the room at the time say it
was due to the faet that a cai tridge in
process of loading had been Improper
ly placed in the machine. Of the in
jured, those who are able to talk, re
member nothing except a blinding
ll tsh. Some did not even hear the ex
The two BardotY b >ys, working side
by side, were thrown at a tangent out
one side of the building. They struck
tiie ground thirty feet away. They
were so crushed and mangled that they
will nie.
Kdward Blair, working ten fcot
away nt his machine, was sent up
ward through the roof. He fi ll on an
ash hoap, with broken bone.- a ml a
factured skull and his legs twisted out
of shape. The doctors say he, too, will
Messrs. Thomas and Bvftllfl Come to
At the meeting of the State I tall road
Commission, tho request of the rail
roads for an increase, in local rates on
certain commodities was taken up, und
a resolution olYorcd by Mr. WIlhorn
that tho ri quost bo not granted for the
reason that local rates ar : already out
of proportion l > the through Interstate
rates, and which Mr. W11 born said tilO
roads had the aut iority to increase or
diminish ut their will, was discussed.
Commissioner Thomas made a long
speech on the subject, taking occasion
therein to reopen the mut ter of the for*
I til ? ir rates, and liandl id the other
members of the commission pretty
plainly for reducing the rate on for till
/. ts, when nothing ehe was changed.
His speech was a long one, full of legal
citations and extracts from the. records
of the board and the Inter-State com
merce commission. He thought that
the WOy the resolution proposed to dis
miss the matter was lindignilicd.
After be had finished, M ssrs. Kvans
and Wilborn, it seems, were jiking
him. In replying to them In tho saroo
manner he said some pretty shep
things. After a while this led up to a
remark by Chairman Kvans, in which
the term "no gentleman"as used. Mr.
Thomas then lired up. '..ml the remark
was repeated at his r q lest. Mr
Thomas., !t Is s'.ul. applied an epithet
to Mr. Kvans, wh e i, in tl o language
of the campaigners, was roost decided*
ly unparliamentary. Tho result was
that Mr. Fe-nns picked up a paper
weight, as he rose, and Mr. Thomas
rushed at him and struck him once or
twice on the face, scratching him and
causing a few drops of blood to appear.
At this juncture Mr. Wilborn and Col.
Duncan interfered and tho men woro
quieted, nobody being burl. Mr.
Thomas remarked to M r. Fv.ins, it is
stated, that he used the epithet for tho
purpose of causing him to be the ag
gressor, and really did not hold tho
opinion of him Ins had expressed.
Air. Wilborn at once moved that tho
board adj >urn, and an adjournment was
taken without acting upon tho matter
in hand.
?Vegetables should always bo pu . In
cold water half an hour before using
them : It will .'reshen them up wondor

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