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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, February 26, 1902, Image 1

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NO. 30.
Tillman Charges McLaurin With Being Bought by Federal
McLaurin Brands the Statement as a Willful, Malicious and
Deliberate Lie.
The Senators Have a Fisticuff and tho Senate Declares Them In
Both Apologize to the Senate, But Not to Each Other.
Washington's birthday was celebratod in tho United States Seuate by a fisti
cuff botween tho Senators from South Carolina. Tho day set apart by tho
nation to givo tho American people an opportunity to honor tho memory of
Goorgo Washington, tho first President of tho United States, was tho occasion
of a disgraceful and sensational scono In tho Senate chamber, and tho Senators
from South Caroliua wero tho active participants in tho affray.
Mr. Tilltuau, in iho courso of a
speech upen the Philippine tnrilf blll)
mado Borious reflections upon the honor
of his colleague, Mr. McLaurin. In
brief, he charged that McLaurin's vote
in support of tho ratification of the
treaty of Paris had been cast through
the exercise of improper intluonces.
His statcmeut was developed in a
colloquy with Mr. Spoouer, of Wiscon
sin. Mr. Tilhnan at flYst declined to
mention names, hut when the Wiscon
sin Senator reminded him that ho owed
it to himself, to the Senato and tho
country to " namo tho man," Mr. Till
man indicated that ho rofcrred to his
colleague from South Carolina. Lilllo
imagining that his words were likely to
be prophetic, Mr. Spooner remarked,
sontontiouely: 1 will leave the Sena
tor to tight that out with his colleague."
Mr. McLaurin was not in tho cham
ber at the time, being engaged iu com
mitteo work, but ho was scut forjaud
appeared just as Mr. Tillman conclud
ed his speech.
Pale as death, Mr. McLaurin arose,
speaking to a question of personal
privilege. Ho reviewed Tillman's
charges briefly, and then denounced
the statement mado by his colleague
as a " wilful, malicious and aeliberale
Scarcely had tho words fallen from
his lips when Tiilinan, sitting a few
seats from him, with Mr. Teller, of
Colorado, between them, sprang at
him. McLaurin, who had half turned
towaid Tillman, mot him halfway, and
in an instant tho two Sonatots, haviug
swept Mr. Teller aside, wore engaged
in a rough and tumble list tight. Mc
Laurin received a heavy blow on tho
forehead while Tillman got a bad punch
on the noso which brought blood.
Assistant Sergcanl-at-Arms I.nylon
sprang over desks to reach and sep
arate the combatants and himself re
ceived Heven.1 blows, lie got between
them Anally, and by main strength
wrenched them apart. Senators War
ren , of Wyoming, and Scott, of West
Virginia, two of the most powerful
men in tho Senate, leaped to his as
sistance and pinioning tho arms of tho
belligerent Senators, forced them into
their seats.
Intense excitement prevailed in tho
Sonate and in tho galleries which were
thionged with people who had been
attracted by the spirited debate. Every
body was on his fcot. Not a word,
however, was spoken.
The Washington correspondent of
tho News and Courier gives tho fol
lowing account of tho occurrence:
Washington, D. C, Fob. 22.?Sen
ator Tillman and Senator McLaurin
camo to blows in tho Sonate this after
noon. McLaurin called Tillman a ma
licious liar. Tilhnan sprang at his
young colleague, dealt him a severe
Mow in the face and McLaurin retali
ated with an upper cut on Tillman's
jaw. Tho belligerents,woro separated,
the doois closed, and, in executive ses
sion, tho two South Carolina Senators
wore declared to he iu contempt of the
Sonate, and their cases were referred
to tho commit tee on privileges and
elections for such action as may be
deemed necessary. After the execu
tive session the two Senators in con
tempt woro permitted to apologize to
tho Sonate and it is probable that the
incident is closed for tho present.
The coarso and vulgar performance
of the South Carolina Senators sur
passes anything of the kind in the
history of tho United States Sonate.
It is difficult to describe tho sensation
created as the two Senators grappled
each other in desperate encounter in
the presence of more than a quorum of
the Senate and well filled gal lories.
It was Washington's birthday and
Senator Spooner was delivering his
speech in favor of Mio Phihppino tariff
bill. There was a largo crowd in at
tendance to bear him, and during the
course of his spocch he became involved
in a spirited colloquy with Senator Till
man as to the part William Jennings
Bryan played in securing tho ratifica
tion of the peace treaty with Spain, by
which the Philippine Islands came into
the possession of the United Statos.
Senator Tillman, with characteristic
vim and brutal frankness, declared that
the ratification of the Spanish treaty
had b&en secured by tho vote of a
member of the Senate in return for the
disposal of Federal patronage in a cor
tain State. Sonator Spooner interro
gated Senator Tillman so closely that
the latter was forced to admit that the
subsidized Sonator wus his own col
league from South Carolina. Senator
Spooner replied that ho would leave
the matter to bs settled with the junior
Senator from South Curolioa.
It was supposed that tho incident
was closed, in view of the fact (hat
(Senator Tillraan had lcpeatedly charged
his colleague with selling his vote for
the treaty in consideration for Federal
patronage tn South Carolina. During
the colloquy between Senators Tillman
and Spooner, Senator McLaurin woe
absent from tho chamber, attending
a meeting of the committee on Indian
affairs. He was notified that he was
being attacked in the Senate by hfs
colleague, so he hurried back to the
chamber. He sent for a copy of the
notes of the ofllcial reporter, giving the
exact language of Senator Till man.
After reading the notes carefully Sen
ator Mclianrin was recognized and ad"
dressing the Senate, denounced the
totementof Senator Till man as "A
wilful, deUborato aud malicious Ho."
Tho assault caino when tho final
word 44 lio " was spoken by McLaurin.
Tillman sprang up like a Hash, jumped
over tho chairs between him pud his
colleaguo, and beforo he could be
stopped dealt him a severe blow on the
forehead, which raised a largo red welt.
McLnurlu warded off the blow, which
was intended for his eye, and retaliated
with a ilorco upper-cut, lauding on
Tillman's jaw. The two men clinched,
but beforo auy moro blows wore ex
changed Senator Warren, of Wyom
ing, Assistant Sorgcant-at-Arms Lay
ton, Senator Tillman's son, who was
presout, and several other persons,
separated tho belligerents.
Tho encounter ouly occupied a few
seconds, but it was fierce aud desperate
while it lasted. The greatest excite
ment provailed in the Souate and the
occupants of tho galleries arose from
their seats apparently anticipating a
free Qght all around on the floor boluvv.
Senator Toller, who Bits next to
Sonator Tillman, arose aud called the
two Senators to order as soon as he
could recover from the shock which
Senatorial dignity and decorum had
sustaiued. Senator Foraker aud other
Senators woro on their feet at tho same
time, declaring that the dignity of tho
Senate had beon outraged by the un
prccdonted performance of tho two
Senntors from South Carolina, aud mov
ed that the Scnato proceed to executivo
Tho galleries were cleared, the doors
looked and for more than two hours
the two Senators from South Carolina
wcro subjected to sevoro censure by
their colleagues, Democratic and Re
publican, for the disgraceful encounter
in open Senate. At the conclusion of
ihn debate, in which neither Senator
Tillman nor Senator McLaurin was
permitted to participate, a motion to
declare the two Sonators in contempt
was unanimously adopted. A furthor
raotiou was adopted to refer the case to
the committee on privileges and elec
tions for Buch action as the circum
stances justify.
It was halt-past 6 o'clock when tho
executive session concluded and the
Scnato resumed business in ipen ses
sion. Senator Tillman sat quietly at
his desk, surrounded by three or four
Senators, with a smile of deQnnco on I
bis faco. A short distance away sat
Sonator McLaurin, cool aud collected,
in conversation with Senators Racon, J
of Georgia, and Patterson, of Colorado. I
Sonator Blackburn, acting as media-1
tor between the two Senators, urged
that Tillman bo allowed to apologize
for his uuseomly conduct. There was
a parliamentary squabble as to whether,
uuder tho rules oi tho Senate, Sonators
in contempt were allowed to bo heard
in their own behalf. Sonator Teller
bald thtjt both Sonators had indicated
a desire to tnako amends, and the I
Chair ruled that by unanimous consent
both Senators might be heard.
Senator Tillman took tho lloor first
and apologized for losing his temper]
and offending the dignity of the Sen
ate. He remarked, sarcastically, that
his experience as Governor of South
Carolina for four years had perhaps
unfitted him for meeting all the require
ments of tho dignity and precedents of
tho Scnato. Ho said he regretted his
conduct and added, while he was sorry
for what had occurred, he had acted
under sevoro provocation. ? I am I
sorry for what I did, but undor the
circumstances I could not have done
otherwise, and, while I apologize to
the Senate, I have nothing further to
Senator McLaurin was then recog
nized, and declared, with great earn-l
estness, that ho was not willing to ad
mit that ho was in contempt, and ap
pealed to the Rocord to show that his
utterances had violated no rulos of the
Sonato. He was proceeding to say that
these charges made against him in con
nection with his vote on tho treaty had
been repoated so often that ho was tired
and sick of having them thrust into his
teeth. As a man of honor he could not
hold up his head unless ho openly
branded those accusations as malici
ously false. Then, for tho first time,
showing great excitement, Senator
McLaurin was proceeding to say: ?? If
I hoar auy more of this "?hero ho was
suddenly interrupted by Senator Pat
terson, of Colorado, who advised him
to say no more. It was evident that
the junior Sonator was worked up to
the point of delivering a throat, but
acting upon the suggestion of sevoral
Senators noar him, he abruptly took
his seat.
Thus the most exciting incident tho
Senate has ever known ended for the
time beiug. To-night the Senatorial
scrap is tho one topic of conversation
in Washington. Opinions aro about
equally divided as to who had the ad
vantage in tho oncounter. Tho apolo
gies which both Senators offered can
hardly be regarded as duo reparation
for tho disgraceful indignity inflicted
upon the Senate, and many Democratic
and Republican Senators express the
opinion that precautions shall be taken
to far as the committee of privileges
and elections is concerned to prevent a
recurrence of to-day's scene.
Way down undor the surface it is be
lieved that the friction between Sena
tor Tdlman and Senator McLaurlu is
due to the tight they are now engaged
in 07er the ponding appointments of
Hr. Koostor, as clerk of internal reve
nue, and Postmasters Richardson, Chaf
fed and Parcel! t at Greenville; Alken
ami Nowberry, respectively. All of
tbo appointments wero made at tho
instance of Sonator McLaurin, and arc
bciug held up in committee, it is said,
indirectly, by Senator Tillman.
Tho Washington coriespondontof tho
Atlanta Constitution describes what
ensued aftor tho light as follows:
After they had been soparatcd and
order restored McLaurin endeavored to
continue. <ll will now proceed with
my remarks, which wore so uncere
moniously interrupted," ho began. He
was call od to ordor.
Thero was a hasty motion for an ex
ecutive session and the galleries wcro
cleared. For nearly two hours tho
Senate was in secret session. Tho
flagrant contempt of the Senators was
discussed in all its buari' gs. Two
voles wero takon, one upon a motion
to go into legislative session with a
view of permitting Iho offenders to
submit apologies beforo their cuses
wcro p;c< etl upon. This was defeated
I by a vote of 18 to 42.
The vote was practically on party
lines, Senator Spoouer being tho only
Republican to support the motion aud
Senator Mallory tho only Democrat to
volo aguiuat it. While thero was, of
courso, general agreement that thero
was no politics in tho matter at all,
Democratic Senators generally thought
in view ot the precedent thut would bo
established it was essential to proceed
calmly und not hastily. This being
defeated, all voted for Senator Forakor's
motion, declaring both Senators m cou
lempt, and reforriug their cases to tho
committeo on privileges ami eleclion<j.
Senator Ilonr wuntcd both men placed
under arrest by tho sergeant-at-arms,
but this was not generally indorsed.
Those who expected anything like
apologies to each other from eithor
Tillman or McLaurin wore disappoint
ed. What they said concerning tho
regret they felt for infringement upon
the dignify of tho Senate was clear
enough, but it was clear from both tho
words and the mauuer of each that he
felt ho would do exactly the same thing
again undor similar circumstances.
When tho doors opened and tho ox
cited crowds filled tho galleries they
saw Tillman rather Hushed in the faco
and smiling with soveial of his follow
Senators about him, while McLaurm
was by himself, pale but apparently
During tho wranglo ovor tho desire
for a ruling from the chair upon the
question of whether cither could ad
dress tho chair in his own rigbtoronly
by sufferance of the Senate, neither
manifested any particular interest in
tho proceedings. Then followed the
Tillman spoke in low tones, his sen
tences being clean-cut and incisive, ilis
rcferenco to his lack of previous train
ing in legislation and consequent un
preparedness for tho niceties of Senato
distinction when ho came here made
everybody wonder whether ho was
really humble or was indulging in a bit
of characteristic sarcasm, but his ex
pression of regret for his actions was
sincere Ho had been ready to express
regrets two minutes after the conflict,
he said, but in the faco of tho lie passed
towards him ho could not have dono
otherwise than ho did.
Senator McLaurin's statement sound
ed more doflant. Ho said he had not
realized that ho was in contempt in his
utterances nor did he feel so now, but
as the Senate thought otherwise he
entered an apology. It was plain he
was very much excited, and ho pro
ceeded to recite his complaint against
tho treatment ho had received. It
looked as if ho would go beyond the
limits of discretion. This he almost
did as ho concluded with what was
plainly a threat. "1 am done," he said,
"except to say that if there is any more
talk of that kind or any more?"
Tillman turned in his chair. Sen
ator Patterson, who sits in front of
McLaurin, admonished him in a low
tono and McLaurin sat down. The in
cident was closed fcr tho present.
" Mr. President : I have always
esteemed it an honor and privilege to
be a member of this body. I had never
had any legielative oxporionco when I
came hero and my previous service as
Governor of South Carolina for four
years had uniltted me in a measure to
enter this august assembly with that
dignity and regard, proper regard, I
will say, for its traditions and habits
and rules that is desirable.
" I have been hero seven years. 1
have in that lime learned to judge men
with a little more catholicity of spirit
than I did when I camo horc. I have
found a great many people bete in
whoso personal integrity and honor
and rogard for their obligations as gon
tlemen I have implicit confidence; but
I have scon so much of partisanship, I
have soon* so much of what I considor
slavish Bubmi88ion|to party domination,
that I confess I have felt somowhat at
a loss how to judge, mon who in ono
aspect appeared to bo so high and clean
and honorablo and in another apponrod
more or loss despicable I say this bo
cause of thO I act that one of t lie .Sena
tor., has seen flt to allude to somo mat
tors that occurred in the debate this
afternoon. I now want to say that so
far as any action of mino has causod
any Senator here, or the Sonato as a
body, or tho peoplo of the United
States to feol that I have been derelict.
and proper observance of the rules of
and that I have not showu thatcourlesy
this body, that 1 rogret it; 1 apologize
for it, I was ready to do that two
minutes after I had acted, but under
tho provocation which was known to
all of you I could not have actod other
wise than I did, and wh.lj I apologize
to the Senate and am sorry that it ha I
occurred, I have nothiug more to say.
Sonator AfcLnurin roso at the con
clusion of Senator Tollman's brief ad
dress, lie, too, was calm, but it was
evident that ho was suppressing Ids
emotion by an effort. He spoke with
greater feeling than had been mani
fested by his colleaguo, particularly
when he told the Senate how sorely he
had been tried by the accusations
Johnston's Sarsaparilla
jrvsT Iben in Time.
Blight Nktn Krnptlonrf aro a Warning of Something ITIoro Nerton* to Com??
The Only Salo War In to Hood tl?o Warning. Johnstuii'ti ftareaparllla
la the Mont Powerful Blood Purifier Known.
Nature, in her efforts to correot mlstukoB, which mistakes have come from
careless living, or it may bo from ancestors, shoots out pimples, blotches and
other imperfections on tno skin, oa a warning that more serious troubles (per
haps tumors, cancers, eryeipelas or pulmonary diseases) aro certain to follow if
you neglect to heed tho warning ana corroat the mlstukes.
Many a lingcriug, painful disoase and many an early death has been avoided
simply becauso thoso notes of warning havo been heeded and the blood kept
pure by a right use of JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA.
Miss Abbio J. Rando, of Marshall, Mich., writes:
" I was cured of a bad humor after sum-ring with it for five years. Tho
doctors and my friends said it was salt rheum. It camo out on my head, neck
and ears, and then on my wholo body. I was perfectly raw with It. What I
suffered during thoso flvo years, is no uso telling. Nobody would believe me If
I did. I tried every medlolno that was advertised to cure it. I spent money
enough to buy a houso. I hoard JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA highly
Sraised. I tried a buttle of it. I begun to improve right away, and when I hau
nished tho third bottlo I was completely cured. I have nover had a touch of it
sinco. I nover got any thing to do mo the least good till I tried JOHNSTON'S
SARSAPARILLA. I would heartily adviso all wno ?ro suffering from humors
or ?kin diseaso of any kind to try it at once. I had also a good deal of stomach
trouble, and was run down and miserablo, but JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA
mado mo all right."
Tho blood is your lifo and if you keop it pure and strong you can positively re
Bifit diseaso or faco contagion fearlessly. JOHNSTON'S SARSAPARILLA never
fails. It is for sale by all druggists, in full quart bottles at ociy one dollar each.
Kor Salo by tho Laurens Drug Company, Laurens, S. C.
which had been made against him from
lime to time. His statement follows:
" Mr. President: I did not realize
that L was in contempt of tho Senate
nor do I think now if my words aro
read in tho Record that I was in con
tempt of tho Senate, but at tho same
time, as tho Senate has ruled that I am
in contempt of this honorable body, I
beg loave to apologize.
*' I desiro to say, Mr. President, that
I have been very sorely and severely
tried. I was in attendance on tho
committoo on Indian affaire when I re
ceived a message from a friend in the
Senate that my presence was needed
" Tho hist >ry of tho vote on tho
Spanish treaty is known to all of you.
There have been statements made in
newspapers and insinuations that I had
been influenced by improper motives
in connection with my voto on that
treaty. Knowing in my soul and know
ing that God in Heaven also knows
that it was false, when I was told that
it was centred down to me I was so
outraged by what I considered a most
brutal assault upon my honor as a man,
and especially in view of the fact that
in the begmniug of tho session, after
the action of my party associates.
1 inado a m?st careful and deliberate
statement, explaing all those matters,
I did not feel, as a man, that 1 could
........ i...i .1 ,,,, ..... hr>nH ?-?;.. it 1 AlA nni
I ' .....v. U|> 7 UuMU ugltlll 11 L wilt UUb
rcsout it in the place whero it was de
livered, in the strongest and most
forcible terms that I could employ.
" With that, Mr. President, "i am
done, except I have this to st>y : If
thoro is any more talk of that kind or
auy moro"?
As Senator McLaurin uttered the
last sentences of his address, intimat
ing that if there was any further effort
to press upon him the'Caccusalions
which had been made against him there
might bo trouble, there was an evident
stir in the Senate Several Senators
roBO to their feet, as if half expecting
a renewed outbreak of trouble Senator
Racon, of Georgia, and Senator Patter
son, of Colorado, both of whom were
silting near Senator McLaurin, urged
him to stop where he was, Senator Pat
terson saying:
" I beg the Senator to lcfrain."
" I will refrain then, Mr. President,
said Senator McLaurin. As he re
sumed his scat he mado an effort to
compose himself as if to dispel any fear
on tho part of those about him that it
might havo been his intention to pre
cipitate further disturbances by any
violent comments.
The status of Senators Tillman and
McLaurin is that thoy are still in con
tempt of the Senato, and only by a voto
of the Sonato can cither bo recognized
either to speak or to vote on any ques
tion whatever. Tho Senate is operat
ing under a clause of Section G, Ar
ticle 1, of tho Constitution, which re.
cites :
" Each houso may dctermino the
rules of its proceedings, punish mcm
bois for disorderly behavior, and with
the concurrence of two.thirds expel a
Tho Sonate adopted a resolution de
claring both Tdlman and McLaurin in
contempt. By a votoboth were allowed
to raako statements in which both
apologized for their actions. But the
Senate took uo further action, and the
resolution referring tho raattor to the
committeo on privdeges and elections
iB still in operation, and until the com
mittee is discharged or tho Senato re
lieves tho South Carolina Senators ol
tho contempt, thoy must romain silent
in the Senate. This is the judgment
of all Senators who havo considered
the question and the presiding olllcer, I
it is said will refuso to rccogni/.o their |
tight to participate in tho proceedings
until tho order of contempt is vacated.
An Alleged Duel im Pkohpect.
Milt Saul, a correspondent in Wash
ington, sends tho following special to
the Augusta Chronicle :
It is possible that tho Tillman-Mc
I, tin in light on tho Sonato iloor today
will end lti a duel down the Potomac.
Senator McLaurin, aftor adjourn
ment of tho Senate, late in the after
noon, called Senator Pritchard, of
North Carolina, into conference and
asked him to be tho bearer of a formal
challengo to Senator Tlllman.
The challnngo was written out.
Owing to the secrecy, which natural!)
encloses such an affair, it is impossible
tonight to learn any further proceed
ings which might havo occurred.
It is possiblo that Senator Pritchard
declined to convoy tho challonge and
that Sonator McLaurin sought olhoi
That tho challengo was written out,
For Infants and Children.
The- Kind Yon Have Always Bought
however, is vouched for hy a conserva
tive Southern Senator to whom tho
first stop in tho affair was rolaled.
When I called on Senator Fritchard
tonight, he douicd that he had seen a
formal challongo and said ho had no in
formation to give out for publication.
Senator Tillman would not be sccu
and Senator McLaurin would not talk.
Close personal friends of Senator Till
man declared that ho will promptly ac
cept a challenge from his colleague, if
ono is received. His personal courage
cannot be doubted, they say.
His Experience as a Grip Patient
?Taking Medicine by the Clock
Atlanta Constitution.
This is a bright and blessed morn
ing. I feel bettor?a good deal better.
Think I will wnto a verso or two of
poetry. If a sick man has good sur
roundings it beats medicine Good,
cheerful company to call and not slay
long?good children to sympathi/.o aud
watch tho clock for mediciuo time,
good grandchildron to como and kiss
you and go to nud from and talk and
make a noise; a good wife to scold you
and tell how imprudent yov have been,
aud a good doctor to look at your tongue
and choke you with a spoon handle
so as to see away down tho esophagus.
Hut nature has the best of medicines
stowed away in tho blessed sunshine
that give lifo and vigor to everything
animal and vegetablo and revives the
drooping spirits of tho sick. It has
been a long and hard winter?the
coldest and most disagreeable one
hundred consecutive days that wo have
had foryear8. How I envied the good
people of Florida whilo I read Tom
Sawyer's rhapsodies in the Clear Water
paper ovor the advent of spriug with
its peach trees aud yellow jessamine
perfuming the balmy air with their
fragrant blossoms. Hut it is coming?
gentle spring is not far away now and
a day like this is its luubiuger.
If it wcro not for the daily catalogue
of horrible things that headline the
daily papers even a sick man couh* he
bo calm and serene ou such a day
as this. An aged country friend
told mc that he had quit taking
tho daily papors for it distressed
him to read such things. " I haven't
long to live," said ho, " and I
don't wish to cloud my mind with a
daily record of human misery." Hut
most all people havo to mix up with
tho nlTairs of nations and of men and
keep post ed about everything that hap
pens. Wo can't skip tho bad and read
the good only. There is a fascination
about horriblo things that wo cannot
resist. They are tho llrst things wo
look for. They oxoito our pity or our
indignation or our wonder. Our child
hood began that way for wo never tirod
of Jack, the Giant Killer, and Hawhcad
aud Hloody Hones and Hobinson
Crusoe. And now tho oditor of tho
press dispatches carelessly looks ovor
tho little slips that are laid upon his
desk and reads " Another explosion in
tho mines?one hundred killed;"
" Another railroad wreck?thirteen
killed," and then rcBUtucs the little an
ccdolo he was nnrratiug to a friend.
We are all growing case hardened to
pain and grief and suffering for the
same reason that tho surgeon becomes
caso hardened to the pain of bis patient.
But ever and anon some new horror
comes along tl.it shocks humani
ty and astounds the world. I read
three long columns last night about the
horrors of adulterated food in Paris
and bow 18,(500 infants died tho last
year from poisoned milk. How the
great incorporated dairy companies in
tho suburban towns havo to deliver
800,000 quarts every night. It is
skimmed before it is canned and then
is watered 20 per cent before it is put
on tho cars. On arrival at their depots
it is delivered in cans to 800 milk boys
(garcoua) who get $1.40 a night and as
much more as they can make by water
ing tho milk from the hjdranls that
are supplied from the river Soino, the
UlthicHt river in all Franco. Quo hun
dred detectives are employed to watch
ihese boys, but vho boys havo detec
tives, too, and are soldom caught or
.irres ted. The suporintenncnt of police
says it is impossible for one hundred
men to iollowand watch eight hundred
boys and ho now asks for two thous
This wntorcd milk quickly couis and
by tho timo it is delivered to tho re
tailor at daybreak it has to bo watored
again with a solution of bicarbonate
of soda. This is the milk that supplies
all Paris, and ie daily fed to infant
childron and in a brief timo they take
cholera infantum or diarrbie and die.
The medical faculty all testified that
this milk causod the death of over 18,
000 infants in Paris in one year and
the mortality was on jhe increase, and
ibis does not include the deaths of
children over one year old. Those
eight hundred boys are organized into
a poweilul syndicate for protection
and defence. Each pays into their
treasury $4 a week, making a total of
814,000 a month with which to pay
lawyers' fees and flues and tho wages
of those in jail and to bribe tho city
detectives uot to catch them when
watering tho milk. They water it
while the wagons aro on tho go?jump
ing in behind with cans of wutor. The
milk suspected is turned over to the
city chemiste, who analyze and report
and if the boys are arrested most of
them cscapo punishment in some cor
rupt way, but none arc dischargod.
Thev go back at once into tho com
pany's service.
Hut l'aris is aroused as it never hns
been and declares tho death-dealing
business shall bo broken up if it
lakes two thousand detectives to
pur.-uo the eight hundred boys.
u Our children aro fed on microbes
from the river Scino," is now
on every tongue. Other cities have
taken up tho cry and Rouen and Dun
kirk show a larger death rato of infants
than l'aris, und now they say no wonder
tho population of Franco is decreasing
instead of increasing. We are poison
ing three-fourths of all tho children
boforo thoy are a year old and half tho
remainder SOOH after. Seme Water,
microbes aud bicarbonate of sodal
ThiB exposure comes from late of
ficial sources and is no doubt the truth
or vory near it. Just think of it and
shudder?18,000 innocent, helpless
babes murdered in one year in one city.
Torn Hood wrote a song about the poor
sewing women that aroused all Lon
don. If ho wero alive in Paris now
what a pitiful subject ho would have
for another song. What ashamo upon
our sex, for it is not women who do
these things, but men and boys. Tho
mothers suffer in giving them
birth. They nurso and cherish and
clasp the little things to their bosoms
and lovo and hope and pray, hut the
desttoyor comes and then all she can
do is to grieve and weep. England
slaughtering the Hocrs and France her
innocent children. What next?
A graphic writer in The New York
Press describes a different kind of hor
ror that wo know not of, but is a living,
breathing, seething thing that is not
now, but has come to stay and grows
bigger and more horrible as the years
move on. He says: "It would have
been unnecessary for Gustav Doro to
follow Dante for a text in order to pic
ture the horrors of bell." Tbc govern
ment has established free baihs at Hot
Spriuge, wheic thousands of the most
miserable of all God's creatures con
gregate aud bathe for relief and a cure
from their loathsome diseases. These
wretches lcavo their rags upon the
cemented lloors which arc an inch deep
in water, then stagger or reel or crawl
naked as the (lends in the chambers of
hell. From thence they crowd into a
third room where tho water and the
air is up to 110, and the stench of foul
odors is horrible. In this room are
two largo pools like vals in a tan yard,
and the victims tumble into them like
hogs into a mud puddle.
No doctor, no soap, no towels, no
attendants, and they are soon hurried
out to make room more, for
seven hundred a day is the mnxi
mum. Ten, fifteen or twenty at a
time soak their loathsome infirmities
in tho nasty, lllthy, hot healing waters,
and then reclolb themselves with their
wet rags and go somewhere to dry. All
are bcnelilcd and 10per centaro cured.
What a picture! Their lives, such as
they have made them, aro not worth
saving, hut they cling to them and live
in hope and defy despair. Ono hun
dred and seventy-eight thousand of
these human being passed through the
free baths last year. Ono hath room
is for white men,em for white women,
ono for negro men and ono for negro
Not far away is a magnificent hotel,
and there is a fashionable ball going
on. Tho rich, the gay, tho elite are
there. One momenta man is waltzing
with his wife, the next with some
other man's wife, tho next with some
body's mistress, and the next with ht?
own it listless. Everything goes, and
all is hell. A famous physician took
his daughter there this season, but sent
her homo quickly to keep her from the
company of wealthy and diseased para
sltis. Almost every ono who goes
there rcgisteis under an assumed namo
and plaja incognito during his stay. A
Southern judge was recently called
upon for a toast at a holol banquet and
eaid: "Here's to the names wo left
behind us " Hut the half has not been
told?some of it iB too bad to tell.
Every night tho poker rooms arc in
blast and thousands won and lost. The
reader ponders and wonders can such
tilings he in this Christian land, and in
this God's country. Verily, the hum
ble and tho poor who live around us on
the hills and in tho valleys or down in
the pincy woods should bo thankful
for the health amd morality that comes
from poverty. Burns novor wroto a
truer verso than that which says:
" And I know by tho smoko that so
gracefully curiod
Prom among tho dark elms that a cot
tage was near,
And I said to myself if then's peace, in
thia world,
The heart that is humble, might hope
for it hero."
Bill Am*.
A novel project for tlio raising of ft
$100,000 endowment fuud for Ani
herst College, to bo presented to thnt
institution in 1022, is under considera
tion by tho alumni. It is proposed
thnt 100 members shall each take out n
twenty-year paid-up policy, in a re
putable company, for $1,000, with the,
agreement tlmtlho money shall be paid
over to tho college at tho expiration of
tho twenty years.
The WoU ' s Greatest
Cure for flalana X
Ffjr all fnrmiftif Malarial polaon
ing tak? Johnmn'/t Chill and Pevei*
Tonic. A taint of Malarial polaon
I ''-at In yp'jr bioo?l meann miner? and
failure, Hloodinedlclncncan'tcure
Malarial polnonlng. The antidote
(lot a bottle to-day.
Suti 50 Ctiti If It fiorei.
fB|?|| Light Biscuit
^?Py^l D^iciotf s Cake
I iKSl T>aiaty Pastries
, Iii :??Fine P?cUings
^S^ilj^S^FIaky Crests
His Apt and Caustic Reply to the
Senator From Michigan.
The Souato had under consideration
the Philippine tariff hill, and a num
ber of Senators took part in the gen
eral debate on the subject.
A resolution offered by Mr. Till man
was adopted, directing the civil service
commission to transmit to tho Senate
a statement showing the apportionment
of the employes in the various depart
ments of tho governments from the
several Slates and the District of
Columbia, together with tho percen
tages of employes in the departments.
Mr. Burrows saidithnt.Cougrcss was
dealing with Philippine questions as
they were found now aud not as
they had been in tho past or might be
in the future.
? We hold," said he, " tho Philip
pine islands by a title that ennncf be
challenged by any court in Christen
dom. We have become responsible
for them to the nations of tho world.
The pending bill simply provides rev
enues suflluient to meet the needs of
the government of the Philippines."
While the Michigan Senator was
reading the proclamation of President
McKinley known as the " benevolent
assimilation" proclamation, Mr. Till
man interrupted to inquire if he con
tended that the President had author
ity to issue that proclamation.
" No doubt of it," replied Mr. Bur
rows. While tho treaty had not been
ratified, he said, the President hud
ample authority to issue such a proc
lamation as a guide to the military
commanders in the Philippines.
" In other words," suggested Mr.
Tillmail, " although that proclamation
sedulously ignored the political status
of the Filipinos, it was expected that
I he 0,000,000 of people would accede
to its provisions."
Air. Culberson interrupted to say
that the proclamation was considered
so extreme that a part of it was sup
pressed by Genoral Otis.
Mr. Burrows declined to be diverted
further from his argument by Mr. Till
man as ,i the questions of the Senator
from South Carolina evidently are not
intended to illuminate the subject."
Mr. Burrows contended that while
the Filipinos desired a good govern
ment they did i ot, as a whole, desire
independence, because it was realized
by the best informed of them that an
independent government in the
archipelago was neither practic
able nor desirable. The Filipinos, he
asserted, were not prepared cither by'
education or experience, for indepen
dence, and could not maintain it if it
were granted to them.
Mr. Tillman presented a number of
public documents, as he said, in refu
tation of statements made by Mr. Bur
rows. These papers genera.ly bore
upon the treatment by the Unitod
Slates of the inhabitants of newly
acquired countries and were intended
to show that they have in the past been
reeoived as citizens. He laid especial
stress upon the difference of the
circumstances connected with the ac
quisition of Louisiana and those con
nected with the acquisition of the
Philippines. The former ho charac
terized as Democratic expansion?and
tho latter as Republican subjugation.^
Speaking of tho Philippines, hej said 4
that our conduct in those islands had
been so infamous that it should cause
a blush of shame to mantle the cheeks
of every American.
Quoting rrc8idcnt McKinlcy's nn
nouueoment thai wo must pursue n
method of 41 benevolent assimilation'"
of the Filipinos, Mr. Tillman said thai
tho assimilation which had been
practised could be contrasted to noth
ing so well as the parable of the lainb
and the lion. It would he found, lie
said, when they should pet up that the
lamb would bo inside the lion. Ho
spoke of the effort of building up
American schools in tho Philippines
M as mawkish sentimentality," uiying
that tho system could be of no avail in
viow of the fact that the teachers sent
ovor know nothing of the language of
tho Filipinos and the Filipinos nothing
of tho English language. " And yet,"
ho said, " this is the system advocated
by tho oleaginous Senator from Michi
gan and presumably endorsed by his
constitutors, tho people of Michigan."
Taking this to be the position of tho
people of that State, ho exclaimed,
" May God have mercy on their pusil
lanimous souls."
Replying to Mr. Tillman, Mr. For
aker Haiti that the people of Louisiana
had not been allowed lo elect a Gov
ernor or tho judiciary of that territory,
and that the government established in
I the Philippines is far more liable than
the government established in Louis
iana by Jefferson and tho Democratic
Congress of that day.
Interrupting, Mr. Tillman said the
Pnsidettt appoints tho govornors of all
territories, and admitting this, Mr.
Foraker said that no more authority is
requested now in the case of tho Philip
pines. This 8lalemout led Mr. Tillman
o say that Congress had granted no
, uth rity for such appointment.
?Tho Governor of tho Philippines
is tho Governor by appointment," said
Mr. Forakor in reply, M and ho is as
much as Mr. Claiborne was 'Governor
of Louisiana, under Jcfforson'a ap
Tillmau and Money ])olh colled al
ien lion to tho fact that Claihorno's
nomination had been confirmed by the
Senate, while no such confirmation
hud taken place in the caso of Govern
or Taft.
Mr. Foraker said thai neither in the
case of Louisiana nor the Philippines
had Ihe people been bought when tho
territory became part ol* tho United
S ales, and there is, ho contended, no
more attempt to govern tho people of
the Philippines without their consent
than there was in the case of the peo
ple of Louisiana, when Tillmau and
Caimack made the point that an ear"
promise of Statehood had been ma'
in Ihe case of Louisiana.
Young Cornelius Vanderbilt a
Successful Railroad Man and
Among tho young railroad men
there is no one more talked about than
Cornelius Vanderbilt. He has been
successful in his chosen profession,
that of railroad engineer, and there are
some people who consider this remark
able, simply because ho does not have
to 1)0 a railroad engineer unless I
wishes to. 11 is father did not loa1
Iii in as much money as he did 1
brother, and in the settlement of I'
tale he received only $7,000,UOO. ?
this trilling sum as a start, howovi i,
ho has done very well.
It has been only seven years siuco
he graduated from Yale, but in theso
seven years he has managed to do a
number of things. He has worked in
the railway shops and learned all about
the making of an engine. He has
patented a number of inventions of
great importance in the railway busi
ness. Ho has become a national
guardsman and dabbled in politics a
little, lie has become a public ollicial,
being now a member of the municipal
civil service board. Kfforts have been
made to induce him to run for oflicc?
but he is a very level-headed young
Ilia best known invention is a patent
lire-box for the economical working of
locomotives, which has been success
fully tried on nine of the principal
railroads and which bids fair to come
into general use. lie also invented a
tank car that has many points of su
periority over the old style car. The de
mand for tank cms is greater than
over before known ud this promises
to be a very valu; . pat ut.
Kver siuec he < < out of college he
has been a very i and hard work
ing young man. lit. i3 striving hard to
prove that a sllvei .<poon in a boy's
mouth does not u (ssarily press up
ward so as to nhV ho brain. lie is
convinced, evid- !y, that the only
way to have a m 1 < worth having is to
make it for yours- li.
A great deal has been said and
printed about this young man, but he
is not a notoriety seeker. He is just
as modest as any other man of his ago
in his own business, and his
frit nds say that the attention
he receives in certain ways annoys him
Not long ago he gave a supper to
some of those in ins militia company.
A great deal was printed of tho fact
that one of his guests was a man v\ho
drives a cab. At this supper he said
to one of his friends: " I am havii
a splendid lime tonight, but what w
des me. is the fact that the papers ;
going to have a 1 write up ' of it.
wish they wouldn't. 1 wish 11
would let me bo." Tho papers h.
their " write up" all right, but they
did not get any of their information
from the host.
Mr. Vanderhilt is modest and does
not like to talk about himself, lie has
no press agent and does not under
stand why the fact that he gets down
to his desk at the New York Central
Office in time each morning and atlonds
to his business during the day should
interest the public any more, than tho
same fact concerning any other em
ploye of tho road.
Besides boiug an inventor, .. .
Vaudorbilt ? al3<> something < *
writer on mechanical subjects, ?
has read several papers before
tilic bodies. Ho has addrct e
Amorican Society of Mechot ical en
gineers and lectured at the Shefliold
Sciontih'J school at Yale. Tho ad
dresses nave attracted a great deal of
"M.m;yhna not been ablo to ',.?.op
him from amounting to something,"
was what was recently said of him, by
a wcll kuown railroad oa&n, who add
I ed: " Tho odd thing about tn> is that
ovory oue seems to think this is *?ery
It is not probable that Mr. Vandor
bilt when working in tho shops and
poring over plans for boilers, wastes
any time iu contemplating tho fac'.
that he is sotting an cxamplo for other
I young mon of groat wealth, but at tho
tamo tune tho public attention ho has
i.ttracted has boon largely on account
of tho fact that he presents such a
ttrong contrast to most young men sil
uatod as ho is situated.?New York

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