Newspaper Page Text
j FAVORS OPTIONAL COMPULSION. |
To tho f?dltor or Tho Stiit?-:
At Iho Invitation of tho OXOCUtlVC
committee of the South Carolina
Teachers' association I discussed be
forc thai body, last Decomber, the
subject of ? n.led Kducat tonal Leg
islation." V'ou did not publish that
discussion, i>rc8uinahly bo< ituse you
wero not naked to ilo so. it con
tained a brief and cIctir statement of
my position on compulsory education.
In your issue of March l!n you in
dul ? I in a lengthy editorial criticis
ing my position <>n this i|Uestion.
Your editorial of April Ii), In effect,
renews the criticism and induces mo
to ask space in your columns for a
brief 8tUteniOUt. Newspaper notori
ety is not what I am seeking, for my
tlniO Is occupied Wltll lllO duties of
The educational system of South
Carolina is only pi years old. It was
grafted Oil our civilization in Isr.s and
has never yel hcen broadened to any
thing larger than n county. School
districts have rarely boon laid out
systematically. School rovonues are
lilsuliicleiit. yet meagre as they nre,
ihey must be apportioned and expen
ded III a manner at once tedious and
perplexing to teachers. trustees,
county superintendents of education,
county auditors and county treasu
rers. The schools in the third dis
> riet of South Carolina must this
year close nftor an oigiit-moiiths
term, because school money is ex
hausted. There many districts
levying a l-mlll tax for school pur
poses and paying loaohors Inadequate
salaries, yel their schools can not
run for eighl months. one district
in Willittmsburg levies, by special net
id' tho legislature; a school tux of 12
mill-, and receives in addition its
apportionment of tlib regular school
funds, nevertheless Illo children of
(ids district i an be kepi hi school but
ill tie i.lore t ha n 2S u bek '.
Tho lirsl nee,i of a -.?'?lo r,! syslt?ih
i not coin puls ry education, but or
glihiziUloll. la one county during
? he: ?'.1 year ol !'."i7-"v the per'cap
it n iiool exptUidl'uro for every child
enrolled Wiis $2.82. In another it
was ?')..*>2. The average for the en
tile i'.tato was less than $.*. This
?i!.s Iho condition of affairs when
lourrSevenths of our counties were
operating county dispensaries and
?ii.;t of I.SII school districts had
.?ote.l special tuxes for school pur
Tho school term for the country dis
tricts of Coli.eon las' year was 11
A coles, for Clarendon and I lorry 12
vecks, for Salildn IT weeks, ami for
11 counties bare 20 weeks. The aver
age for the white schools of she entire
state whs 117 days. Yel such is the
nnevi i base upon which you would
rear Cm structure of compulsory edu
Tho bounty sup u'iiitcndcul occupies
ihe pivotal polnl in our educational
syst, i.i ami holds the key to the situa
tion, lie Is expected, in some In- \
stances, lo supei'viae the schools in a
thousuud sipr.tro miles of territory, to
uttctul to the clerical duties of bis of
fice and to live coinfortably on a sal
ary of >?''?? per month. If you are
trying to bitlld tip the school System
of South Carolina, help me to secure
lor these olRcers the recognition they
?deserve. Any system of education,
compulsory or voluntary, must full
unless school olllcers arc paid living
South Carolina is UOglocting the
work of te ndier I raining. Three
years ago the appropriation lor a
slat" summer school was Withheld, ,
rind but for the faculty of VYofford
college every tenchor in the state
would have to I iaV0 our borders this
Slimmor to lind an opportunity of im
proving his professional etptlpiuent.
if Mm wish to know something of
need of toachor training in South
Carolina, Inquire of any county board
of education concerning the results
of the teachers' examination to he
Hold on May 11. our supposed uni
formity of examination ami ccrtlflcn
lion is a beautiful fiction. Here,
again, you might help to improve
school conditions if you are desirous
of building up our SChdOl system.
Tl e recoil I Atlanta conference for
education in the south taught me
Cat compulsory education laws un
snpporled by local sentiment ate a
farce, If a town or a school district
can not bo won lo compulsory educa
tion, by what law of logic do you con
clude that a state may be easily won?
If tho people of Uichland. with a large
SCllOOl surplus, do not feel the need
of compulsory education, by what sys
tem of reasoning would you impress
ibis need upon the people of Lexing
ton or Plckens, where many schools
have already (dosed for lack of money
to pay the teachers? The people of
?very contmtmlty for themselves the
??liestion of school taxes, school bonds
and the establishment of high schools.
This principle liaH already been
adopted ond wlthoul it every graded
school und high school in South Caro
lina would bo forced to close its
doors'! Are the people who vote the
taxes to establish schools Incapable
of deciding whether <>r not they desire
compulsory uttendanco? i repent,
there nre many communities In South
1 Carolina win-re compulsory education
is eminently dcslrnble and the gen
oral nssembly should give them an
opportunity to vote on this question,
lint this) is neither the basis nor the
paramount need of nur educational
system. it woul l be an easy matter
to pass a paper law serving only as an
advertisement, but bucIi a law would
hardly Improve a school or benefit a
child. Better organization, expert
I supervision. trained teachers, in
creased local taxation, longer terms
ami heuer high schools are the funda
mental needs of our system, and until
these have been supplied we can have
only a mushroom growth toward com
I am curious to know the exact
terms of lite law >ou favor. Compul
sory education in Massachusetts
means one thing, in Arkansas it
menus quite another. In Kentucky
it is not satisfactory, while in Califor
nia it is a menace to American insti
tutions. The term has almost as
many definitions as there are laws on
the subject, and South Carolina has
acted wisely in not too hastily adding
another. It is an easy matter to In
dulge in a ha/.y discussion; I have de
lined my position and now ask you to
make yours plain by printing the ex
art terms of tho law you advocate.
Hew long a term should bo re
quired? r.y what machinery is a
a compulsory law to be enforced?
How would you provide the necessary
revehue? Are our present school
school districts to furnish the. basis
for the operation ? i tho law? is our
present school code adequate in other
respects for school development?
South Carolina bar. no reason lo 1?'
ashamed of her work for education.
She lends the south in hot4 support of
institutions of higher learning, in her
School revenues raised by local taxa
tion. In her Kystom of state-aided
high schools, and lit her appropria
tions for rural school government. .
It is a misfortune that vital needs
should !>?? overshadowed by the dis
cussion of untried methods and doubt
ful expedients. I.m al bj?l Ii n in
school taxation was opposed ill South
Carolina 80 years ago. local option
in temperance questions was ridiculed
20 years ago. but who ntlirms now
that tho principle has not educated
the people Local option ill com
pulsory education will net solve the
problem absolutely bill it will be
a safe and conservative beginning.
The electorate of South Carolina is
supposed already to meet the educa
tional requirements of our const I a
tion, ami I. for one. believe that the
voters can I ?? trUHtCd lo decide this
question for themselves, in the dis
trict, in the county or i*> the state.
.1. k. Swen ringen.
Mr. DrlcsouN Old Hons!-.
Co see it. it's a beauty, It stands
oul among its neighbors, because the
coloring Is so bright and (dear. Mr.
ibi. .-on painted with I.. &M. Paint and
says it cost 1-;! less than ever before.
He bought only 12 gallons of I*. & M.
Palnl and 0 gallons of Linseed Oil to
mix with it. This made SI gallons of
pure paint, and cost only $1.20 per gal
lon. It s as handsome as the finest In
town. The I. & M. Is sold by:
.1. H. ? M I . Nash. I.nurons;
.1. \V. Copelnnd Co.. Clinton:
Ii. & M. Pntltt Agents.
"What is an anecdote, Johnny " ask
ed the teacher.
"A short, funny tale." answered the
"That's right." Said the teacher.
"Now. Johnny, you may write a sen*
tonce on the blackboard containing
Johnny hesitated a moment, and
then wrote this:
"A rabbit has four logs and one
anecdote." - KxoIkhu- '.
Mono in Saw Mill III illdlllghl
unmindful Of dnmpuess, drafts.
?miiiis or colds. \V. J. Atkins worked
as night watchman at Runner springs.
Tenth Such exposure gnvo him a
KOVere cold that settled oil his lungs.
At last In' had to give up work, lie
.tied many remedies but all failed
till ho USed Dr. King's New Discovery.
After using one bottle." be writes.
I went hack to work as well as
ever." Severe colds. Stubborn
coughs. Inflamed throats nnd sore
lungs. hemorrhages, croup and
whooping COUgll get quick relief and
prompt cure from this glorious med
icine. 600. and $1.00. Trial bottle
free; guaranteed by I.aurens Drug
Co., Palmetto Drug Co.
Pedestrian?How far is it to ai
dershot? Let me &e?. Well, as the
crow Hies -
Footsore T6mm> ? N?vcr Wind 'ow
tho beggar files; 'c.v far is it as the
STATE COLLEGES OM
THE ACCREDITED LIST
Superintendent Swearingen Directs
Attctillon to Important Law 0ov?
State Superintendent of Education
J, 13, Sweat'ingen has directed atten
tion to section 1200 of the school laws
of this state dealing with the accred
ited colleges of the state and the re
quirement for examination of school
This section follows:
' The county board of education
shall examine all candidates for the
position of teacher and give to each
person found qualified a certificate,
setting forth branches of learning he
or she may be capable of teaching
ami the percentage attained in each
branch; said certificate to be valid
for a ii nn of two years unless sooner
revoked, ami i< may he renewed with
o! without examination at the discre
tion of the board, nil of which shall
be done Uli lor such regulations as the
state board of education may pre
scribe. No teacher shall be employed
in any of tho free public schools with
out a ccrtillcatc from tho county
board of education or the stale board
Of education: Provided, That no ex
amination as to qualification shall be
made in the case of any applicant w ho
produces full diploma from any chnr
t-Mvd college or university of this
state or MemmInger Normal school
of Charleston ami furnishes satisfac
tory evidence of good moral charac
ter: Provided, further, Thai the state
hoard of education shall exanine into
the curriculum, standing, faculty and
equipment of each institution and see
thai it is ibun; real college work be
fore certificates may be Issued on its
The report of the committee Oil re
vision of standing regulations of the
state board of education includes a
list of the accredited colleges as fol
lows: t'llivcrsity of South Carolina.
Wofford college. Furmnn university.
Cleinson college, South Carolina Mil
itary academy. iCrskine college, New
berry college, tlreenville Female col
lege, Charleston college, Chlcorn col
lege. Limestone Female college. Con
verse college. Columbia college. Col
lego for Woimn. Winthrop college.
I.amler colic;:;. Presbyterian College
or South Carolina, Due Wist Fiir.nlo
college, Memminger Normal school,
The following Institutions for no.
gl'OCS are named as accredited schools
and colleges: Clnllin university,
state Colored college, Bonedicl col
lege. A very Normal institute. Allen
university. Harbison College, Schofleld
seminary, Sterling industrial Institute,
Friendship Normal and Industrial col
The commit':'.? on revision, which
consisted of A. .1. Thackston, A. U.
Hanks and .1. K, Swearliigen, includes
in rule 13 the following provision:
"No certificate shall be issued on a
diploma showing that the holder has
only completed the course of some
particular department of a school;
tho diploma must show that the full
college course lias been completed.''
Many remarkable sures- of stomach
1 roubles have been effected by Cham
berlain's Stomach and Live:- Tablets.
One man who bad spent ovor two
thousand dollars for medicine and
treatment was cured by a few boxes
of these tablets. Price. '_'.'. cents.
Samples free at the Lnurens Ding Co.
Till: CLINTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS
By E. II. Mali, Supt.
The session just (losing lias been
the most successful one in the history
of the Clinton schools. The enroll
ment at tie- graded school reached
the number of 2S8. Besides there
are HChOOl8 at each id' the two mills.
Following is the teaching lone for
tin' past yean 1st grade. Miss 01 lie
Dodson; 2nd grade. Miss Mabel Sinn
er ell; 3rd grade. Mrs. .lohn Little;
111) and .".lb grades, Miss Tallulah
Neville; 6th and Tib grades. Miss
Laura Aull; high school. Miss Sara
Copelaild and Mr. K. H. Hall. All of
these have accepted their positions
for another year except Mrs. Little.
whose place has boon filled by Hie
election of Miss-J'almffey, n
i ce. nt graduate with high honors
from Columbia college. Mrs. Julia
Parker has had charge of the school
a; the Clinton mill and Mr. Fowler
the one at the Lydia mill.
Owing to the crowded condition of
the school building during the past
vear. there is a movement on fool
to float bonds for enlarging the pres
ent BChOOl building which was built
only in Do:: and at that lime consid
ered adequate for a number Of years.
The people of Clinton see now the
mistake they made In ?erecting a
small building and are determined to
have one that will be a credit to this
progressive town. Till this can be
accomplished, however. It will be in'
COSsary next fall to fit up a room
outside the building and employ an
additional teacher to relieve the con
For some years past the Interest
of the people has been centered more
In tholf college than In tttelr public
BRIDGE TO LETy
The County Commissioners of the
counties of Laurens ami Spavtanburg,
S. C. will on June 10th, 1909, at 11
o'clock, a. in., at Enoree, S. ('.. let to
the lowest responsible bidder the eon
tract for building a bridge known as
Enoree Bridge, over Enoree River.
ah bids to be presented in the form
ami manner required by Bald com
missioners and each bid to be accom
panied by certified check for $200.00
as guarantee that bid let" will close
written contract and give satisfactory
bond in one half the contract price
Mithin ten days from notice of award.
The right Is reserved to reject any or
!!. B. HUMBERT,
The County Commissioners of I.au
reus County. S. C. will receive propo
sals, to be filed with the County Super
visor, until June 12, 1909, 12 o'clock,
in., for building a dining room and
kitchen at the county jail. Contract
to be awarded to the lowest responsi
ble bidder. The right is reserved to
reject any or all bids.
Ii. IS. HUMBERT.
NOTICE OF ELECTION.
State of South Carolina.
County Of I.aureus.
Whereas, petitions signed by more
than one-third of the quulKled elect
ors and more than one-third of the
free-holders residing in School Dis
trict No. i. Suliivans Township, Lau
rens County. S. C. asking for aa elec
tion upon the question of levying a
four ill mill tax upon properly in
said School District to be used for
school purposes have been died with
the County Hoard of education, an
eieetion is hereby ordered upon said
question, said eieetion to be held on
the 12th day of June, 1909, at Rnbun
School House, under the management
of the trustees of said district.
Only such electors as return real
or personal property for taxation, and
who exhibit their tax receipts and
registration certificates, as required
in general election, shall be allowed
Those fnvol'lng the tax shall vole a
ballot containing tho word "Yes" writ
ten or printed thereon: those against
the tax shall vote a ballot contain
ing the word "No" written or printed
Colls shall open at the hour of 7
o'clock in the forenoon nnd remain
open until the hour of I in the after
noon when tthey shall be closed and
the ballots counted.
The Trustees shall report the result
of saiil election to ike County Auditor
within ten days thereafter.
CEO. l. PITTS.
Co. Sttpt. Ed.
BETTER THAN LAXATIVES
Ordinary pills, cathartics and uic.. dives,
cause griping, nausea, and distret>t>.ag an 1
injurious after-effects that are frequently
lifedasting. You may have your money
back for the mere asking if Rexall Ordei
lies do not overcome constipation and fully
restore the intestines to regular activity
and.good health. They are eaten hka
Candy, aad can be taken day or night.
Tlu-y positively do not cause nausea, giip
inj? or any discomfort whatever. Two
sues, loc. aad 15c.
Laurens Drug Co.. Laurens, s. C.
schools, and for this reason the latter
are hardly up to what would be ex
pected of a town as large as Clinton.
However, wo are now waking up to
Hie fact that education must begin at
the ground and work up, ami to main
tain colleges we must porfeel cur pub
T!ie present board of trustees con
sisting id' Messrs. lb !.. King chair
man, E. I.. Pitts, and. C. A. Copelliiul
and the advisory board consisting
of Messrs. .1. T. Robertson. .1. P. Lit
tle, Thad Sumerell. W. lb Shands.
I.. II. Davidson ami Drs. T. L. W.
Bailey and .1. l>, Austin are planning
greater things for th-' future. They
hope to add a music department and
to Incorporate a business course in
the high school, so that hoys and girls
who Wish to prepare themselves for
bookkeeping and stenography may do
so at home.
There were :'??! pupils enrolled in
the high school, nearly half of whom
came In from the rural districts after
completing the courses In their re
spective schools. There were live
graduates as follows: Blanche and
Christopher Adair. Ellen Chandler.
Frances Qarvln, Elieeue Young.
John Little took a certificate of com
pletion in certain branches. The
prospects are that there will be f?0
pupils in this department next year.
Notice of Sale.
State of South Carolina.
County of Laurens.
By virtue of a resolution passed bj
a meeting Of tho stockholders of the
Laurens Furniture factory, held al
Laurens, s. ('., on the "ist day of .May.
1909, at Which II large majority of the
stock was present ami voted; 1 will
soil to the highest bidder, at Laurens
C. II.. S. C. on tho - tin day of June.
1909, between the hours of twelve and
two o'clock, tho entire property, both
real and personal, consisting ol Lands
upon which factory is built, also ma
chinery complete for manufacturing,
also raw material for manufacturing
purposes, also stock of manufactured
goods not inc luding bills receivable
clue said corporation: provided said
price Offered shall he Twenty-Five
Thousand Dollars or more, hut no bid
shall be accepted less than Twenty
Fivi> Thousand Dollars.
Terms of Sale -One half Cash, bal
ance In two equal installments due
Six and Twelve months from day of
rale, with Interest at Fight per cent.
: per annum on deferred payment *,
Which payments shall be secured by
, a mortgage of the property sold.
Purchaser to pay for papors.
S. M. WILKES, Prcii'l
Laurens Furniture Factory.
Lr.urons C. IL, S C .
May 2.'. 10o?.
THE SPAN U
I II m.
of life is uncertain ? it may l>o lonpr or it may bo
short?thin largely depend* upon your health, and
when you iind the spans weakening' and you feel all
run down, nervous, irritable? melancholy; loosing;
ilesh; have no appetite; feel faint; cant sleep; have
bad dreams; dizziness or swimming of the head;
your hands and feet got cold, tingle and get numb;
nave pains in your side or hack; briek-dust deposit
in urine; have acid stomach or heartburn; feel stiff
and sore across the shoulders; have shooting pains
throughout the body; have to strain or a desire to
Urinate often, or a burning sensation -when passing
it, you should commence to take Bloodine to-day.
Go or send to your druggist now for a bottle. Don't
wait I Delays are dangerous ! !
Mrs. A. C. Taiiitor, Colchester, Conn., tells how any woman can build
up their run-down system. They cau bo permanently curod of monthly
pains and all fcrualo diacascs.
CoijOirstbRi Cons., March 30. 1q04.
THE BLOODINE CO.. Boston, Mass
ObNTUIMKN?Through a fricnil in Milford I am
tediu-v'l to try your Bloodine. I euclose 10c. lor
sample bottle. Your* truly.
Mks. A. C. Taintok.
Coi.ciiBSTHB, Conn., April u, i-/>.|.
TII3 BLOODINK CO., Boston, Mas*. 1
( *.i:nti.umh?? I enclose f*.$o for mix (6) bottles of
Bloodine? am convinced it iswh.it I need to build
me up. I saw a change (or the bettor aflei taking
W ? will forfeit ,m,.>oo ii the oii^inals <;f the abov.
the sample bottle. I hope you will ^ive it prompt
attention a* 1 am needing a very much.
, Vour? very truly,
Mks. A. C. Taimtob
i Col cili";TnR, t'ciNS., July 16, 1 jot.
TII7. BLOODINK CO., Botton, Mas?.t
Obnti.kmrn ? I enclose a ?t.00 money or.ler for
(11) twelve bottles uf your Bloodine. rleasesctd
promptly. Yours trulv,
Mks. A. C. Taintor.
letters proving Rcnuincne? cann >t be produced.
Such positivo proof of tbo remarkable merits of Bloodine have been
shown to us that we do not hesitate to guarantee evoiy bottlo we sell.
Bloodi no co?,t3 I*Oc. a bottio for tbo uaual $1.00 sizo. Mail orders filled.
JLarge Sample Bottlo by m^A 10c.
Bloodine Liver Pills euro Constipation, 25c. a bos.
DR. B. P. POSEY
Laurens, S. C.
WILMINGTON, N. C AND RETURN
COLUMBIA- NEWBERRY AND ?LAU
Ten day excursion tickets
on sale each Thursday, May 271h
to August iCjth, [909. All tick
ets limited to reach original start*
in^ point returning ten days in
addition cate of sale.
A'.', excellent opportunity
to visit popular Wrightsville
Reach, X. C, at a sutaVi cost.
For information call on
ticket agent, or write,
W. J. CR AIO,
u Passcturer Traffic Manacer.
1 BITTERS aOTii^eys.
Before you buy a new
Cotton Planter, we want to |
show you the best one for
you to use. Because it will
save your seed. Time and
labor, that means m< uey to
The Deere & j
Mansur Cotton |
is the Best?there's several \
reasons. Let us tell you.
A Few Years More
and your daughter, now In her teens, wilt liav
charge of a home of her own. ^
Kvery woiuaii, in addition to her houschol
cnpnbilitios, should have a certain auiount of bus
Having a 1 ank account and paying p
household expeuces by check, is, in itselfi an. ed
cation in business methods.
. It bring one in contact with real bttsiue
experience, and at the same time, affords the safe
way of having ready money on hand.
The Bank for Your Savings.