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FOR CHILD LABOR
Fewer Children are Work
ing in the Mills.
ON THE INCREASE
Report of Commissioner Watson Show?
that Notwithstanding the Curtail
ment During the Summer Mouths
the Total Value of the floods Manu
factured Slums an Increase.
Columbia, Dec. 26.?A number of
statistical statements Issued by the de
partment of agriculture gives In detail
the condition of the textile Industry
iu South Carolina for the pust year.
The report shows a decided Improve
ment In the child labor condition.
There were only 249 children under
12 years of age at work in the mills.
It is pointed out In the report that
the gradual change from coarse to
high grade goods Is now felt as is
shown by the decrease of 26,449 bales
of cotton consumed during the year
by the textiles.
Commissioner Watson today Issued
the following statement which gives
In detail tin* progress that has been
"The statics!leal reports for the Tex
tile Industry in South Carolina, the
compilation of Which has Just today
been completed, shows a marked im
provement of conditions In 1910 over
those existing in l'.lO*; Herewith are
given three different compilations and
In explanation of these figures which
vary slightly, It should be said that
the comparison from the reports on
Form ".!-. Is made up from individual
reports called for in June, such in
dividual reports being received not
simultaneously but over a period of
approximately six weeks. This com.
pllntlon shows a tottii spindleage of
4,088,782, an increase of 242,656 over
li)0'.?. At the end of the year the ac
tual spindleage for the 167 plants is
4,144,656, and the number of looms
Is 100,175, the number of looms for
1909 being only 90,281.
?"This statement compiled from the
Textile Reports (Form No. '2'.') shows
that there has been a slight Increase
in the number of children between 14
and It! years of age employed as the
preceding year, ami that there b.as
been a slight increase In the number
of boys between 12 and It. There
has not been any Increase whatever
In the number of girls between 12 and
14, and there has been a decrease In
the number of children in both sexes
"The second compilation contained
in the tables given herewith, is made
up from figures cornoiled from the
inspectors' Report. Cards as to the
number of employes found jn the
mills on date of Inspection, Of course
these dates vary ami it should be ?aWl
that a good many mills were running
only part time and other only run
ning their machinery at the date of
inspection. The figures, however, are
interesting, in that they uniformly
allow a most marked decrease h) the
employment of children. Another un
usual feature revealed, Is the Increase
In the employment Of the negro male
help around the mills.
The third statement is /he most
important of all the comparative state
ments that can be given. In that <tll
the sworn reports from all the plants
in the Slate come In, under the law,
on December f> of c*c:i year, and, of
course, are simultaneous and reveal
conditions existing at the end ol ihe
year. In the flrsl place this statement
reveals the effect of the curtailment
till t was necessary on account of the
Cotton goods market, but. notwith
standing this, the value of ihe manu
factured product, as compared to the
preceding year, shows an increase of
$2,501,731. The total working popula
tion has decreased 245, due evidently
to the curtailment. The village pop
ulation in 114,838 against 104,214, It
is gratifying that an increased pro
portion of the working population Is
represented by male- over 16 years
Of age, the Increase he-l*? 340, and
that the only other Increase 1* a slight
one among the males under 10 em
ployed. The most % ratifying fact re
vealed by (he figures, Is the decrease
of 318 in the number of women em
ployed and the decrease of 196 in the
number of girls under If,.
"During the year permits were Is
sued to 2l*i children under 12 years
of age upon totally disabled father.'
'widowed mother.' and 'orphan' af
fidavits duly sworn to nnd certified.
In most of these cawes the children
were very nearly 12 years of age at
the time of the issuance of the per.
mit, and the majority of thewi are
now between 12 and II. During the
?/.ummei months, under Ihe spoci.cl
exemption, the total ?umher of chil
dren employed on 'school certificate'
permits were 522 against 519 the pre
ceding year. Tmiisfer permits -mat
i? jier.mltK Issued ito children rtr.ans
ferriiiR them from one plant in one
locality to another, und applying to
children of all ages U[) to It?were
issued to 760 children. Many of those,
bowevor, were simply transfers from
one mill to another In the same town.
This figure would indicate that the
roving deposition of the mill popula
tion la changing very rapidly to a
disposition to settle down and remain |
in one place.
"It Is noteworthy that a complin- '
tlon from the inspector's card follow
ing the final Inspection for the year of i
the plants shows fi less children under
12 employed than does the compilation
made early In the year after the first
Inspection, which is given in the ta
ble herewith. It is well nigh Impos
sible, In view of the fact that child
hen to whom permits were Issued un
der 12 years are becoming over that I
eacli day, ut any one particular tlnu 1
to give exactly the number of ohil-|
dren under 12 employed, but all the
figures check showing a marked de
crease in all labor under it", years of
age. and that fuct Is the much to be
"A study of the figures also show
a marked Increase In the utilization
of electric horse power generated by
water, following the hydl'O.electl'lo de
velopment in the State, and a cor
respondeulng decrease in the use of
direct water and steam drive as well
as electric drive generated by steam.
"The gradual change from coarse
to high grade goods is now begin
ning to be felt, as Is shown by the
decrease of 26,449 bales of cotton con
sumed during the year. It Is note
worthy too, that the consumption of
coal has Increased only but slightly.
"The final figures for the year show
$7:1.070.000 as cupital Invested, while
early in the year the reports show
$76,829,939. This difference may be
due to several causes, for the par value
of the capital stock this year is $01.
074.008, Th ?? discrepancy referred to
evidently occurred by different under
standing on the part of different man
agers and presidents as to the exact
meaning of 'capital Invested.'
"In compiling our statistics tills
year, we have undertaken also to
make a complete directory of the
textile industry showing, by mills.
With a view to the possibility of direct
dealing with consumers in the not dis
tant future, the exact class of goods
being manufactured by each. This
has been done in view of the many
Inquiries along this line that have
been received during the year.
"At present it may be mentioned
also, that mills that are starting up.
I building and are practically certain
ot starting up probably the coming
year, have been undertaken this year
representing an additional capitaliza
tion Of $4 IW.UQO, MW.864 spindles, and
:i,670 loon**, iu *44hiou t,u this four
mills huvr attained tlicu' charters
representing $810,001), but work has
not begun on any one of I lie four."
DON'T BE BALI).
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Growth of Buir.
We have a remedy that bus a record
ui growing hair and curing baldness
in out of every 100 cases where
used fcuKdvwrdlng to directions for a
reasonable length of time. That may
seem like u ,<,'?< '?: statement it is.
and we mean It ut be, and no one
should doubt It until /hey have put
our claims to an actual te???.
We are so certain Rexall "93'' U.air
Tonic will cure dandruff, prevent bald?
ness, tffjmulate the scalp and hair
roots, stop falling hair and grow now
hair, that w? personally give our po
sitive guarantee to Refund every pen
ny paid us for It in oy.ery Instance
where It does not give fttltiri fcOtisfac
u?^u to the user.
IUi^ll "93" Hair Tonic Is as plafl*.
ant to .uit>p as clear spring water. I.l
is delightfully perfumed, and does
not grease or gnw; the hair. Two sizes
60c and $1.00. W'U-n our guarantee
\ tack of It. you certainly 4W^'<<' no risk,
i only at our store ?Til* Rexnl
Store- The l.aure.ns Drug- Co.
King of Externals
Stund? supreme ?wirr
every test. F.eeJ
core, keep (Uwiwx in
the home. Gowan* #f?
ways conquers Croup
und Pneumonia und
your doctor assents.
(iownnB Preparation Waa mtrl on
in.v eMM when it ?, 0? desperately
ill with Pntumonla. liiiM/Hlinlely
Alter the ncrond application ,?}<
pkvHirmn culled and midin/r /?
W+t improvement ordered ita
contiavmtoCf . The child recovered
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WY TO DAY! HAVE IT Him mi
AHt/?Ml.U SI. ape. *.->..
?iMqtmMM?? PURHAM. ft. C.
T^e lAurens Drug Company
stnic (if South Carolina,
County of Lumens,
The City of Laurens.
An Ordinance Imposing un Aimiiitl
'Itix on ail Taxable Property in Ihe]
( My of Laurent! to raise Supplies
for (lie suld City for the Fiscal Year
Commencing ?hin. 1st, mil.
He it ordained by the city Council
of the City of Laurens:
Section I. That a tax of fifty cents
on every one hundred dollars worth
Of assessed value of till property, real
or personal not exempt by law from
taxation, situate within the limits
of the City of Laurens, be, and the
same is hereby levied for corporate
purposes to defray the current, ex
penses of the City of Laurens for the
fiscal year commencing Jany. 1st,
1911, and to meet such other indebted
ness as has been contracted by the
said City for corporate purposes. That
an additional tax of seventy c*?nts on!
every one hundred dollars worth or
assessed value of all property, real
or personal, not exempt by law from
taxation, situate within the limits of
the City of Laurena, be, and the same
is hereby levied to meet the interest
to become ?lue upon the bonded In
debtedness of the City of Laurens,
and to create a sinking fund to be
used in aid of the retirement and pay
ment of said bonds.
Section 2. That the clerk of the
said City shall enter said levies and
assessments upon the books of the
said City and receive said taxes. That
the said taxes herein levied shall be
piiid to the said clerk in lawful money
of the United States, on or before the
first day of March 1911, and any per
son falling to pay the said taxes, shall
he liable to the penalty now provided
by law for the failure to pay the
general state tux. Done and ratified
by ihe city council of the City of Lau
rens, and the corporate seal of the
said city hereto affixed, this, 15th day
of December in the year of Our Lord
One thousand, nine hundred and ten,
and the one hundred and thirty-fifth
year of the sovereignty and independ
ence of the United States of America.
C. M. BARB,
JNO. Ii. PETERSON, Mayor.
Clerk of (he City Council.
Par-a-sit-i-cide cures itch and
mange in 30 tnintttes. Pimples
and Ringworms quickly. Price
LAURENS DRUG CO.
60c by mail or express from
Dr. L. J. Sharp ec Co., Commerce,
Ga. Guaranteed, "Take no
We are offering some splendid val
ues in odd dressers, new and attrac
tive designs, oak and mahogany, pric
es from $8.50 up.
b. & E. H. Wlikes & Co.
Dr. T. L. Timmerman
Laurens, S. C.
Laurens Drug Co., Laurens, S. C.
Do Von Owe I's Anything!
If So, Vou Know
VYIint to Do.
No Moods Charged from
.Iniiunry 1st, DM I, lo
March Ist. UM I. .
OUTFITTERS FOR ALL HANKIND
The First item in our first 1911 advertisement was New Reso
lutions. To resolute is a very good thing", but it is much better to
do what you resolve to do, and this we intend to do as near as pos
First. We want to make this year, 1011, the biggest and best
year of our long 20 years experience. We expect to watch our bus
iness closer, buy the best values obtainable and sell them at the
lowest possible prices, to reach out far and near for business, to
give one and all the best treatment and attention possible, to al=
ways have the newest and best to select from, beautiful patterns
and give our ever increasing trade the best values obtainable.
These are gome of op? New Resolutions.
We have always aspired to be good merchants, to act honest
with our trade, to give better values, to have a trade that believed
in us, to save our customers money. This is laudable and some
thing every good merchant should aspire to, but we are not satis
fied with these accomplishments; we want to do better things for
our friends if it Is possible to do so by adopting
New Methods and New Plans
we hope to 4o all tjiese things. We want you tp fcno\y t^at we
are doing everything possible to make your patronage pleasant and
profitable for you as wel( as for oursejves. Assuring you of our
appreciation and soliciting your trade for 1911, and wishing you all
a Happy and Prosperous New Year,
We are Your Friends,
THE BIG STORE
If Yon Owe I's, Rememhef ne
Owe the Other Fellow und'
We ?mit to I'ny lllm,
Promptness Will he Appreciate^
LAURENS, S. C.
People We Owe nre Writing!
?Tiense Remit," Arid we
Our Friends to do Likewise.