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VOLUME~ XXX. LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, AUGi. 5, 1914.NU[R2
ALL GREAT EUROPEAN
MOBIUZING FOR (
Whole Of Europe Probably
Plunged Into Mighty Conflict
[MP[ROR WILLIAM IN C[NT[R Of STAG[
Russia Prepares to Succor Little Servia Follow
ing Declaration of War by Austria Hungary,
Germany Issies Ultimatum to Russia and
France. England and Italy Standing Off.
ULTIMATUM FROM ENGLAND
Specad Wire to The Advertiser.
New York, Aug. 4. (6 p. m.) England and Germany will be nt
war by seven o'clock tonight (New York Mime) unless Ger
many agrees by that time to dithdraw her troops from Belgium
and respect Belgian neutrality. An ultimatum to that effect was
sent by England to Germany today.
Landon, August 1.-Events in the London, Aug. 3.-Aii 'the great
Duropean crisis developed today with European powers except '%ly and
startling hapidity. The German ulti- most of the secondary powers ar
matum to Russia, demanding that mbilii ha tye eedgy.
Russia cease the mobilization of her stage where any of the armics havc
army, expired at noon, and at 6.15 met In battle,
o'clock this afternoon the German Em Italy, whic declared her neutral
peror signed a mobilization order. ity, will begin to mobilize ofletally
At 7.30 clock the German ambassa- tomorrow, altough the process )1b
dor at St. Petersburg, Count Von ably Is well under way.
Fourtales, delivered a declaration of Great Witain's mobilization I
war in the name of his governent to nearly completed, but she has not
the Russian government and the announdcd that she will join In thl
entire st, . of the embassy immedi
ately left St. Petersburg. Although
after the warlike speeches delivered Tonight war ofilally extended be
by the German Emperor and the im- tween Austria and Gprmaixy oi onc
& perial chanceuior at Berlin on Friday, e n the oh r ad Mon
' no other result could be expected, ngoo h te.Teehdbe
hopes that the dread event might be no oficial declaration of war between
averted had been raised by the inter- Germany and France oi Either side.
vention of King George in St. Peters- But tonight the German ambassador
burg and the fact that the German In Paris received orders to demand
Reichstag was not to be convened un- Ills passports.
til Tuesday. Hence, the actual dec- The most important event III te
laration of war had not been expect- past 21 hours was Germany's demand
ed for another dlay or two. upon Belgium, in the form of a 12.
Now the (lie Is ca., and Europe I hour ultimatum, that ye German
to be p~lunged Into a ge neral war, troops be permnitted to cross Bel
'which has been the apprehension gium tof the French frontier coupled
duropean statesmen for generatmo with'the promise that l gian integri
It is now only a question of how soqi, ty should remain unimpaired at the
a state of actual war will exist end of the war and that Belgium
tween Germany and Frrance. luld ho compensated.
Late tonight placards wvere posted To this Belgium refused to accede
onthey ground oflae her riehtsa
in Paris calling for general mnobiliza- fhri a
tion and the German ambassador, al-pr
though lie had not been handed his Sir Edward Grey, Brish secretary
Gorat lreid Britain's minteiz aion i
exatly wht hur eranys uU-higinsal copldetebut she't asuno
matu to ranc, akingthat co nnoundedt thiatshio oelain thr
tryto eil wat ttiudeshewoud rTony igh vrtufically lexte(dsb
assue i cae o ~va by(lemna wen Asti whehe Gray onitan
and Astriaagaint Rusia, w s i hd ank wRuss to p'urvi onion.
expire, but it is bnlieveonithwillhnot There isJO(itta hadi been
The ermn Eperr ad h alvi termn pand getanon eaitherNo onde.
ers avemainaind t thelas th t man ight z thed inerma nbssado
the mae spree efoits ez'peaeing ats heve nation to remaind
peal frm Emero Wiila toEm. htred o kmportan ouet hin aher
eid fresnoherlday for to. caamty n egist Frne the ricfa12
thenin thde wold can the Europe~ Greatu u tintumtat. the hea
that, whil ;nnas benteapeesiotng f glish toi erly ,rter covined
wihuroenstaesmnfra generat's reth thei hnroms tad velia integrei
It ist Rusia bny herquest ral of obso- tysol eanunmarda h
a stte o acual ar wll xis obe- elo them war andtect Belgium
zteen, a htnn Germany'sdFane uI brne anctomperationic
infety.ri caln o eea o ia on theiroundoses eihrorhs an
t he~ fistshsi the a ambsso rman- Tio e e or oih ta i
warug wee exhand oteen atredn hs Er invrey, hrsh her
Thespots, wareeming oleveo the tor anyorei afarme a taemoen
Freh Cptas.ect wih whic Erope ating the houksan ofcoong tndentuming
haxacten whaetf half enty'isl- trchatwoul Brmak nteassagob
matum lo Faakng thatnurlt can ouman- lgtoscudntpri e osb
tained dine an exceeingtudebatwol miertoath vioaionrm oegnter
asuein cs fwrb Gemn lrdo. Ahsvug. l lef- the cs-r
a Ausriatainst ussitinara, was tolon aide t het~hr fronti. nriti
be ng befobrepomic Arelathins Thefress nof doBlt tattitisen
rtihav aiaent. lie dlare to cmande hres, ncLording seom
they isaudeurem offort ogatioe, Paris dwat thermatin ptrol reaso
and ta the assstc of hsrnes in ahe twetackdJnce. ea i
o'els from Eurperor Wia toE-- Grmay hruhhe iloa
* LATE FLASIIES.
... .. . ** . . ** .* *
Olaring ilouse Certlticates.
New York, Aug. 1.-The clearing
house at a neeting today decided to
Issue Clearing house certificates to
meet the currency situation, )"ought
about by the European crisis.
A decision to enforce the sixty day
clause before withdrawal of deposits
was reaiched today by neibers of
New York savings bank association.
All savings banks of the state are af
Change Currency Law..
Washington, Aug. 3.--AII restric
Lions on atiount oi f (currenicy wiehih
may be Issued under, section 5 of the
bank law were removed today' by the
house In the amendment passed, 231
to 6. It was hurried over to the sen
Move on Mexico '1y.
Saltillo, Aug. 3.--An advance on
Mexico City by more than seventy
thousand well-armed and equipped
constitutionalist soldiers was begun
today on orders of General Carranza.
20 Hold Co'on Meeting.
Atlanta, Aug. 3.-Harvie Jordan,
president of the Southern Cotton as
sociation, today telegraphed repre
sentatives of the association in the
cotton belt suggesting the calling of
a mass meeting in New Orleans in
August of farmers, merchants, bank
ers and manufactureri and all other
allied interests of the cotton trade.
The purpose of the conference
would be to formulate and adopt
such mieasures as might be necessary
to protect cotton prices from the de
pressing influence of the prolonged
I'uropean war. .lordan said he be
heved this tep W.as iecess, ry to
suu thern cottoni interest s.,
llouse isses 11111.
Wiashington, Aug. 3.--Witliout op
Iosition the house marine committee
today favorably reported a bilI em
powering the president to suspend
limitations against bringing foreign
commerce under United States and
register and thus prevent a paralysis
of trans-Atlanlic shipping.
For RAef (of Amerkansi.
Washington, Aug. 3.-President
Wilson today sent a special message
to congress asking that it immediately
appropriate $250,000 dollars for the
relief of distressed Americans aioad.
Cotton Exchange (losedl.
Iverp~ool, Aug. 3.--The directoi s of
the Liverpool Cotton Associat ion this
morning resolved to close the iex
ch ange indeiihiitchy. They a~lso re
solved that alt fiutrues trading anrd
tendlersl of settlements of futures (non
tracts lie suspended and that until ar
rangements are 'mnade to safeguard 'lhe
interests of all concerned there would
be no spot cotton trading.
Martial Law In Franc.
Paris, Aug. 3.-Martial law has been
declared th roughonut Franee anrd Ad
giers. The Germnan ambassadior' had
another interv'iew wilth Premier Vivi
ant Sunday. Reports concerin g the
'French military conceeni tt in are
htimbardling Ru cssian Station.
Berlin p, Viai. Brussels, Aug. 3.
The smnalI (crusir A rmnt rong sent the
followinlg report Ify wireless: "Am
bombarding lie naval hiarbior at Liliau
and am engaged with the enemy's
cruiser. Tfhe naval post at Libau Is
in flames.'' Liau ia a Rusnian naval
station on the Balt ic itea.
London, Aug. :3.-A Birussels dils
Patch to the IExchanage-Tel egra ph tiis
morning said that the Belgian cab
inet's response to the Georman note of
fering an entente -If Belgium would
facilitate the movement of the (fro
man troops has been g-I" dr
ported to be a formal ./ 1,en. 'At is re
FLYING MACHINE IS
fost')e Air Crafts are Maneuvering
All Along the Frontier.
Berlin, Aug. 2.-German troops to
day fired upon and brought to earth
a French flying nachilne near Wezel.
aturday night several other hos
tile air crafts were seen in the Rhine
provinces. One was observed flying
from Keprich toward Andedrnach, ten
miles northwest of 'Coblense. Oth
ers were righted near Duere flying
in the direction of Cologne.
Last night a hotel keeper in
Kochem anid his son tried to blow up
the Prussian state railroad tunnel at
Kochein. Their atempt failed and
the men were shot and killed.
Wesel, where the aeroilan was de
stroyed. is about 1-10 miles from the
no'theastern -froitier of France.
RUSSIAN FORCES HAVE
CROSSED GERMAN LINE
lIussian Patrol .ttackvd German
Guimard at. Railroad Bridge.
Berlin, Aug. 2.-Russian has begun
the invasion of German territory.
Russian forces having Crossed the
German frontier at Schwinder south
east of Biella, while last night a
Russian patrol entered Germany
near Eichenreid. In Rosen.
The Russian column which cross
ed the frontier at Schwinden was ac
companied by artillery.
Two squadrons of Russian Cos
sacks are riding in the direction of
Johannedburg ' i East Prussia, 15
miles from the frontier.
The Russian patrol which entered
near Eichenreid attacked the Ger
man guard at the railroad bridge
over the Warthe.
The attack was repulsed. Two
Germans were slightly wounded.
The above in-formation was given
out by tile imperial staff at the time
said that the invasion near S'chwin
den rhowed that war had actually
A Frenech aviator has been drop
ping bombs from an aeroplane niear
Nurmnierg, Ilavaria. according to an
annonmeinent inade by the military
authorities today. In making this
announcenent the authorities added
that his acion was a crime against
the right or man, as there has been
no declaration of war.
IPeaeh1es that. are Peaches.
Mr, L. 1). Curry of Gray Court was
in Laurens onday and called at The
Advertiser olice with a gift of four
beautiful specimens of peaches. They
were the "ielle or Georgia" varioty
an(d weighed over two pounds. They
were nearly lxrfect in every manner.
Noth-e to eVterans.
Co. F, 14th Regiment, S. C. V.. will
hold its annual reunion at. Langston
Church, August 19th. The uibilic is itn
vited to come and bring w~ellI filled
baskets; every body Comle; mlak~e your
self at home. I lave a good time, axud
make the bo3 s of thle gray have a
W. F. Wrighlt,
F'ighiting on Ruisslan Front ier.
Al lenstein, .Germaniny, Aug. :1
Fighting on thew Rlussian fron)t ier was
confinedl to small skirmishe~s beOtweenu
the cavalry out posts until 6 o'clock
last Ighlt. The Russians t hen am
tacked .Johlannesaburig whIieb is occu.
pied by thle eleventh P'omlerana .
drlagona TIhie Iliie froml Johan nes.
hburg to hyck onl the ltussianj fron tier
has1 been ('ut. The, Russian losses
number'i ?.hout twenuty. No Ger'manls
w(ere kill edt but several were wundedi'(.
('oanltlon Gmm erinmnt.
London, A ug. 1---T-'hue eveniiing
8'tundar1 id says there is everyi pr"obiabI
ity (of the form'mation of at coalition
government in the lirillah~ Isles to f idle
over thle preser t crisis. The oppos)5
lion ieader's 'onsl tedi whh i the ca ti
net inilstei's today.
First Skirmiishi at Sea.
Stock holm, Aug. 3.-The. Germiian
and Russian fleets engaged of Aldan11
1 slaR$% ''este~rday. 'The .Russian re
jumdinto t e hoy of Lilanuud. They
Rome, Au A 3-Italy formally de
clared neutr ty today.
Call Upon Voters to Defeat
Agrees with Conference Members That
lileaseism is Already Doomed. En.
couraging Reports fromt Piedmont,
Columbia, July 31--Thl1e conference
of Anti-Bleaseltes here today gather
ed from all parts of thre State did not
feel it was necessary to take any
further steps; towards eliminuiationr of
any of tie six Anti-Ilease candidates
for Governor, but adopted resolutions
offered by Iti Aiken delegation calliig
"uponl thle ;r.alood of South arolina
to join witi is in going to the polls
and laying .side, if necessary, their
personal r efereices and in castiig
their votes for the honor and good of
our State and for tie candidates who
appilear to be most availble to over
whelmingly defeat Bleaseism on Au
Reports from delegates from all sec
tions of South Carolina were coinci
dent in that they believed Illeascism
is already dead and that the probabil
Itles are that two Anti-Ilease men
will get into the second race for gov
ernor. Thle conference wis composed
of patriotic men, Inspired only by a
desire to work for the common good,
and it was never the Intention to have
any "convention" or to interfere with
the free choice of the people of the
state, stating that "we have absolute
confidence in the good sense and pa
triotism of the Democracy of 0ou1th
Carolina to select as tire party's can
didate for Governor a man who stands
for decency, law and order in South
'Carolina and against the reign of
lawlessners which has disgraced
South Carolina for the past tlhree
and one-half years,"
None of the candidates for governor,
who are ranked as opposed to the Ad
ministration. 1,. J1. Browning, .lhn G,.
Clinkscales. R. 1. Manning. Mendel ,.
Smith. C. A. Smith, and it. A. Cooper,
attended. The conference was held
in the haIll room of the .lefferson Ilotel
and there was absolute ianiity.
ThIe following resolultlos offered by
Geo. W. Croft, member of the Aiken
delegt ion, were' adopted witioit a
"Whereas. We, the dlegates to tie
reentr r Stath Convention froi Aikei
County, r(ecntly issud a call for a
coifereurce of delegates from the vari
ous counilies of tie slate. requeslC5ting
tire Anti-hl(ase forces to confer as to
what action, if any, sioul he taken
ior' to the iolding of a primary Me('
"Whe'reas. representat ives r. m the
varloris seitiols of the stat" Imet. in
the city of Columbia this dlay and(]
made report on tie situation: and
"Whtreas, it was the judgment. of
those assenrbld that, the overwhelm
Ing majority of lre people of South
Car'olina is opposed to BIleaseisim, and
Bleaseism Is already diefeated; arid
"Whereas, it was never the Intention
of the conferenc(e and of the e'rlers
thereocf to in ter''er'reW ih thle( free
c!hrole of tire ieoler of tire statef ill
the primaorry r'le'ct iorr t ire hreld Alu
grust 2, we iravinrg a bsolurtr'(Oe1( (onifenc
in tire goodll sen1se aur piia t riot ism of
tire Demnocracy oft South Carolna, toi
select -as thre prar'ty candfida te( for gov'
ernor, a man~r whio stanrds for' d'elen'y,
law and oh'dfr in South IiCarolina, andr~
against tire reirnr of l a wilessrrefss wiih
has dilsgrauced South I (Carolinra fur thr-'
trust thrree arnd e-hlrf yearr's, thie'r'
fore ii' it
"ilesolvyed by~ the dri rlgatfs to thIe
r'e'nent SItatif ('net ion k from A ikeni
conaty, Thiat Iwe' dr not de'drn it neces
sary' o~ rr'reienit If) takeo any furrthr'
stenr torward al felecft ion of a propr'
andrr sn'itabr ller ' 1 canidater for gove'r'nor:
hbut we' c'all uponll tire rmrrnod oif
S'onth ('ar'inra to join with urs in
going to tihe prolis, andn lavinrg asidie, if
rr reefssar'y, thir pei rrsornl premmfer'ences
andu in eastirrg rherir' votes ton tih'
honror andrf gfood of ourn statr' ari for
thI nliffurdratcs whorr app t o~(i r' hein thrf
mroist available' to ove''Wrhelmringly' de
feat itif'sf'imtn Auogurst 25."
IUesnoningl It) (ries of "P1oillock."'
Mr. W. P. Polloe, (if (Cheraw, whofsf'
namrre Is nrow well krnown i'rorrghrorut
Southi (Carolinia I omri thre fh-hit ire is
mnakinrg hr the( raacer for thie Unriteri
States Senrate, i bron1ght thel( 'onrfrerince
ar mnessage' oif gofdf c'hre'. "'I tave brfeen
In thirty coruntie's, arlorg tire ('oast
andrf externdin~g to1 the foir (It tire
mrountairis. and( my irosit ive hlrer is
thrat ('ole Itleasf' wiil riot carry a sinr
gl' rrne of threrm," hre said a midi chrers.
Telling of iris ambititionr to r'epr'esenrt
Roothr ('arolina hr thef Uitf'd States
Serrate, Mdr. Pol1ihok said(1 he had fl In
actrunt ed by ai higiher mrotive thia n thiis
in entering lire rac'e andf that rmoti'e
is ''To (10 a ma n's par't in redeemring
F'outhr Carolina fromi tire reign of law
lessrns which hans dIsgr'aced hrer for
tire last three and one-half year's andrf
to bring her again If) that place sire
('fon~nrd nO/ PUae o.)
'we Re RIC Y IMLKS
Laurens Man Gives Out Al
CAME FROM KNOWLTON
Aind That it was Samzue One Exhibit.
ed by G(overnir miease. Full Cora
resp1ondence onl the Sizjtet.
(Col umbhia, August 1.--W. R1. Iichey,
or the Laurens Har, ton iglit'gave out
lhe following in onueetion with the
it. A. Ricely case:
"Columbia. ,. C.. August 1, 19ff.
"To the 'uiblic: I i my sworn state
lent of the 27th or July, inl r fEl'otco
to the certicte of Drs. KnoWlton and
.\liitosl In the matter of my broth
vr. Mr. It. A. lichey, of Abbeville, the
last paragrapih Is as follows: 'I ain
thoroughly convinced that if I had tho
tille and oplortunity to get together
all of my various papwrs andi memo
randums in this mattter that. I could
easily and clearly establish the fact
that this is the original signature of
Dr. .lames -. McIntosh.'
"On my return to my home at Gau
rens. S. C., as soon as time would per
mit. I began to look for any letters
alnd paplers which I had which would
shed light on the question at hssuo
between Dr. Mcintosh and myself. In
justice to myself I submit the follow
"I found among my papers the fol
lowzig letter written me by Dr. Knowl
"'The Knowlton Hospital, No. 1,315
Marion 'treet, Columbia, S. C., jan
ary 17, 1912.--W. R. Richey, E0sq.,
Laurens.-My Dear Sir: 1 have been.
unable to catch Dr. McIntosh for the
]last day or two. This i9 the reason
why I have not attended to the eer
tifleate which I promised you. I hope
to see himi today. As ioon as I do I
shaill send It to you promptly. With
best wishes, I am yours tiuly,
'A. 13. Knowlton.'
"I reliled to this letter of Dr.
Knowlton on .anuary 18, as follows:
"'Dr. A. It. Knowlton, ColiuJia., S.
C.-Dear Sir: Yours of the 17th in
stant, received and I kindly thank you
fo.' samie. I was just about to call
you up over the long distance te(IC
phone to know why I had not heard
fromlu you. I hope you will see Dr.
MlcIntosh right away and let eic have
the report at your very earliest coi
venience. With kindost regards and
best wishes I remain yours very truly,
S. W. It. Mc.'
"Oi .anuary 19. 1912, Dr. Know Iton
maled nie the certificate signed by
him and Dr. McIntosh. which I filed
with Governor Blease, which was the
same certificate read by the governor
at, Abbeville and Columbia. That cer
tificate was accompanied by the fol
lowing letter from Drm. Knowlton:
"'The Know~ lIon Iltospital, No. 1,515
M:.rion Street, Columbia, S. ( .. Jan
uary 19', 1912.-- Mr. WV. it. ltichiey, lout
rens. S. C.- My IDear Sir: 10nelosed
plealse find1( certIi fieane ini regar d to
yonur brothIer's !oniio fromi Dlii r. Mc
hnt oshi and my3'self. This I feel is thle
best we could do1 un I der thte irc uml.,
"'Wishig youiuchI success i
you brte' eaf, and assurig
you1 01f .miy (esteeml I am.
"Y1'Yu r tly,
'A. It. Kniowhei.'
"'Oni .alanuary 22, 1 miade reply to I r.
Kniowiton's letter of the 19th oh .an
nary ats follows:
'lr. A. IH. Knowlton. Columbhii. S.
('-D-lear SIr: Yours of the 19th in
.stanat. containI ig ceritiiet e of your
self and( Dra. McIntosh, ini reterene to
miy brother's condtli Ion, received and
I kindly thank you for samic.
"Myl3 letters, of course, were mailed
to lDr. Knowlton. 'Tie copies set forth
he'iein arc v'erbatirm copies of I le (iar
b~on copies retained by me. Th'e o rig.
inaIs of myI lttter' should be amnong thio
I apers1 of Dr,. K now Iton, If lie retinled
them. Myi3 original letteres were signedi
by3 mie. "'le carbon colpies were, of
course, not signed, being sim;le ic
tin ied for oflce puIrposes, and (1 dte..
alro to giv'e her'e the reord just~ as it
"I received no reply from my last
kIcter to .Dr. Knowlton under date of
.Janiuary 22. If he had not sent me
(Cnnuedm on-Pae r.)