Newspaper Page Text
VCAROLINA WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, 1919.
SUMMARY OF THE
Marks Nation's End as a Military,
Naval and Colonial Power
for All Time.
EX-KAISER TO BE TR1:D.
.Wilson Pledges Himself to Propose to
Senate a Treaty to Protect France.
Germany Responsible for All Dam.
V agos-First Payment 20,000,000,000
New York.-An official summary of
.the peace treaty ninde public here by
the Committee on Public Information
says: "In addltion to the securities
afforded In the treaty of peace the
Presilent of the United States has
pledged hiimself to propose to the sei
ate of the United States, and the prime
minister of Great Iritain his pledged
himself to proposo to the parlitilament
of Great Britain in engaggxmeit, sub
ject to the council of the Leaguie of
-Nations, to come imnmedliately to the
assistance of France in case of un
provoked attaeck )y Germany."
Gerninny, by lie terms of the treaty,
restores Alsnee-l.orraine to Prance,
accepts the initerni I onliizat ion of
the Saar biasin tenmporariy 1 a and of
Datiig permanently, agrees to terri
tarl iI hunges towird IelgIun andt
Deniark anid lin Enst Prussia, codes
mllost of Upper Silesli to Poland, and
renounceOs il territory and politeal
rights outAlde Europe, as to her own
or her allies' territories, anld espeli
ly to Morrocco, Egypt, Siam, Liberia
aed Shany-tung. She also recognizes
the total independence of German
Austrin, Czecho-Slovakn and Poland.
Tier army is re(ticed to a htndred
thousand men including oflicers; con
scription within her territories is
abolfsfiWM "'nll forts fifty kilometres
enst of the Rhine razed; all inporta
tion, exportation nnd nearly all pro
duetion of war material stopped,
Allied occupation of parts of Ger
many will continue till reparation is
made, but will be reduced at the end
of each of three five-year periods if
Germany IS fuilflling her obligation.
Any violation by Germany of the con
ditions as to the zone flfty-lilometres
enst of the Rhine will he regarded as
an net of war.
The Germaniii iaivy Is redluced to six
battle('shilps, six light cruisers and
twelve torpedo bolIs, with10otf stibila
rine s, nnl a personinel of not snore
than 15.000. All other veo-ls must he
surrendi'refl 1'or lestroyed. Gerinmny
ls forbiddllen to hulid forts comntrolling
the il IaIl1tle. must demnol ish li igoland,
01)1- the Kl ennal to all Iiatlins anld
sitredier hewr fourteen submiarine en
boes. Sh may live no mi litary or nan
vn1 air foreos excelpt 100 unarm1-1 16d n
pinnes uiltI 4ietoher to dotect niln,.*s,
an(1 may anamufaet ure aviation mnate
rial for six montis.
Responsibility for Damage.
Germany ineecpts full responsibility
for dmanges cAnusedl to alle a . tn- as
sa0(i)tedl gov'ernmntents nndl nati onals,
agrees spellntlly to t'eimuu~trse all
civilian damages, beginniing with an
Initial pay'ment .of 20.000,000,000
marks, sub~sequent payments to b~e so
Curedo~ by3 btonds to lbe 1sssued at the dis
cret ion of the Ileparat ion Comnmission.
Glermnany is to pay shuippling dlamage on
a ton-for-ton basis by3 cession of a
largo part of her merehnint, coasting
andl river fleet all1nd ' by nw coastrueti
tion, and)1 to devo'lte heri ecoiinoic ro
slouarces to thle rebumiling of the dlevas
.Sho agrees to return to the 1914
inost favored nation tariff's, without
'discrimninatiion of any' sort ;to allow al
11ied andl assolaitedl nationals freedom
of transit through her terr'itories, and
to accept highly dletailedl provisions as
to pro-war deb1ts, unfair coumpetition,
internationalization of roads and riv
ers and other conomic andl financial
clauses. She also agrees to the trial
of the ex-Kniser by an international
high court for a supreme offense
against international morality and of
other nationals for violation of the
4 laws and customs of war, Holland to
be naked to exttadito the former and
Germany being responsible for dolly
ering the latter,
No L.eague Membership Yet,
The League of Nations Is accekeol
by the alilled andl.associatedl 1owers as
operative, nad by Germany in prin
ciple, bu(t withouit memhbership). Simi
larly an lnternationmal labor body Is
br'oughit ito being wvithi a per
rIlanent ollice and1( an r inaaI conven
tion. A great number of international
bodlies (of different kindls and1( for dif'r
ent purp'hoseS are'f crea'ted~f, 50ome unmder
the 1Ioutguef of Naltions amid somem~ to
A~ iloig lh' foi'iuler is (lie c'Oningjisgjou
to govern thei Nifir bilin till n ,lilte
out anll a1rbiltrIl aIward, anid not to go
to Wal 11unilss v'cnurred Iin by all Its
inembers represellted oil the counlcil,
and simple nmajority of tihie rest, le.s4
the parties to tie( dispute, will have
thet force of at unanhn111ous, recomn
datioll by tile couiell. III either Case, If
the iecessary agrentent canliot be se.
cured tie inembers reserve the right to
take such action a1s mny be iiecepsairy
for the( ninlltaltiance of right and jut
Ice. Meinlers resorting to war ini (isre.
gard of the covenant wIll Imediately
be debarred froin till intereourse with
other ietnbers. Th'!e co)inell iIlI In
such eases conlsider whatt rmilitary or
naRvHa1 l netton cai be tiaken by the
league collectively for tite protetion1
ef the(!covennantid anild will 1afford1 fa.
It tit to melinbers co-operating in this
Validity of Treaties.
All trenles or flit ernational engage.
m10ents concluded after the list ituti lonl
of lit! Ivlegue will lie regIstered( witil
the sec, retstiaIt and published. The Its.
sem'bly ily from time to tini a(.
Vise inemibers to reconlsicler trentles
wIleh hate becone inapplienble or lin
volvo danger to peace. Thle cove.
lialnt abrogale' all obligatois between
mnembors linconsIstent with Its termns,
but ni04;I1ilg in it shall tiffect tile vallid.
ity of international elgageient, sucli
as treatles of arbitration or regional
understandings like the Monroe Doc
trine, for securing the maintenance
The Mandatory System.
The tutelage of nations not yet able
to stand by themselves will lie en
trusted to advanced nations who ire
best ltteil to 1111dertk1ce it.
Amendments to Covenant
AneiiIents to the covennuit will
fake effect whelln ralilled by th e l oun
cl and by a iajority of the 8semibly.
Boundaries of Germany.
(Iernny codes to Fran e Alsace
Lorrainlle, 5,000 square i)les, to the
soilithwest. and to Ilelgillim two sm1all
dis.tricts between ILuxellnburg anld Hol
land, totaling 989 square itilles. Sile
also (e01es to Poland the southeastern
tIp of Silesia, beyond and inclding
Oppelin, ilost of Posen and West
Prusslia, 27,86 squrie i0les of E'ast
Prussia behig isollted frlom tue 11111il
body by a part of Poland. Sie loses
sovereignty over the nort11haSternnios10t
tUp of East Parussia, 40 square itulles
north of the River M1%elliel, 1111d tile in
ternationalized arens about Danlzig,
729 square miles, annd the basin of lie
Saar, 7:18 square mileis, bet ween lie
western border of the IRhenish Pnla
tinte of tavarlia and the sotalitst Cor
n1r of Luxembourg. The Danzig area
consists of the V hetweel 1lhe Nogat
and Vistula rivers inade by th addIl
tioll of i 81111iiar V onl tle west, Inclu1d
Ing 111 city of Dnizig. The south
enstern tird of Ea1st l'inx"l nilI the
rInI bet1ween East I'riussla 1111d t ho
V\istiul north of latitude 53 d4eirees 3
inlintes is 10 wnvie Its naiollilty de
termnine l by 1mpular Vote, 5,785 sqiulre
1111-s, its ks to hO thev ca in part- (of
Sleswig, 2,' 37 s8un13 20 1les.
;r'111y113' is to cons0nt to th 31abr'o
gat ionl of the trentj1s of 18:10, by wi13
lIolgitiiun w:is established w4 31 netrl
stte I n t- ( a0gree Iin advaniev it ay
"onivent1ion with whilh tIllh 1 Aolied And
AOitdP l'ower1 11ny deernn(1t4'4 ' to
rephI lr h vthein. She Is to revognIl ize the
fall soivere-igni3y of itelgimtu over [tho
contested territory of Moresliet and
toet agIt 11h 111c11h1alge of sovtei'1gnty 1
(either II inho or in par1t, th3e final 4de
('1810n to ibe reserved to1 te I .t'ngue4 of
Nation1s. A Comm)11iss'ion I is to '1ettle
lt' dlte1taiof the fron01tl4e, andit vaious11
roglations11 for' ('b1nge of 1111(illoly
are laid( down'.)'
tGermany13 renlounces her1 various011
Iretles an' 124 'l''l conve t 11n w)ithl 1114
IIizes(1 that1 it ceased1 to bei 1a irt of
I iast, renounces1'(' 1all right (if texp44lot
tion of th ai('lroadsi'04, adhere'lo the11 IIb
ment11 11s t( it, reacd1'( by3 tile Allied4
and1( A8sociate 101'owersH.
After r'ecogition)1 of thle moll~' obil.
galtionl to1 rep~ir thlt wroniig (done1 in
1871 by Gierma~lny to 1l'ranc and 1( the
people0 of AilsaCe-Lorine1it, thie terI-l
tories ('eded( to Geranly by3 thle treatyt3
of l'rankfort nre restored to lFrance
w~ih thir fr'ont iers' as8 before'u 1871, to
dat11 fromi1 tile slging of lteI ari')l Iee
and1( to be fr'ee (if all pubile1 Icdebts.
Inl compensti5Ion for t he detstrueII
tion of ('01almineils ini2)1 nortern leralnce
andiI11 tl 3s p 1ymen OnI ('('(1121 (If repara-'l1
tIlonl, (German111y code4s to 1l'Iranc' full
oiwnely of thle ('oal1 11nines) of tile
51111r 143811in wihI thir 8sbsidaries,
ill05(h'e5 1stimate fby 10 th ieparat ion
theo 22rm41 tire, ex\''eptlin: war1 l4'3lsla2
(Cont iinui't on Next 1Iogm.
is held fificen years hence - le high
colli'sslonler of )Iinzig, which is cre.
ated Into 11 free ty under the League,
and various Commissions for pleblIs
cites in Malmody', Schleswig, anl1d Enst
Prussia. Among Ihose to carry out
the peace treaity aire tle r'epa ratlitons,
111i1ta1ry, n1aival. air, financial, 111) eco.
n1oimc con11niissionls, the literna tional
hign court aind military tribunals to
fix responsibilities, and a series of
bodies ror the control of international
Some Problems Left for Solution.
Cue.',4'problems are left for solu.
tian between the Allied anI Associatedl
PI)w'ers, notahly deitails of tie disposi.
tion of the German fleet and cables,
the former German coloniles, andl(] the
values paid ii reiaration. Certuin
ot1her problem s such as the laws of the
air and the opium, arms and liquor
traille aire either agreed to in detaul
or set for early international action.
Preamble to Peaca Treaty Names
The preamble to the peace treaty
names as parties of the one part the
United States, the British Empire,
France, Italy and Japan, described as
the five allied anil associated powers,
and Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, China,
Cuba, Ecuador, Greece, Guatemala,
Haiti, the Iledjaz, Ilonduras, Liberia,
Nicaragua, Panama, l'eru, Poland,
Portugal, Rumania, Serbia, Slam,
Cbecho-Slovaka and Urugnuav, who
with the flve above are (lescilbed a1s
the allied and associled powers, and
on the other part, Germiny.
Fromt the coming Into force of the
present treaty the state of war will
terminate. From the moment aind
subject to tle provisions of this treaty
oflicial relations with Ocrniiiny, am1l
with eailh of the GeriIIn II SIat'es, willI
be resmnlled by the illie Id and111 ass(4
League of Natiois.-The covenant of
the league of nailtions constititles See
tion 1 of tile ipnee treaty, which places
upon the league mnivny speillc In al1lot
tioni to its general duliles. It may
question Germany at any time for a
violation of the neutralized zone east
of the Rihine as a threat against tile
world's peace. It wvIll appoint three
of the five ilembers of the Saar Com
mission, oversee its reglime, and carry
offC the plebiscite. It will appoint the
High Commissioner of Danizig, guaran
tee thie independence of the free city,
anl arrange for treaties between Dw
zig and Germany ani1d Poland.
It will work out the mIaIllatory sys
tei to be applied to the former Gerplan
colonies, ani1d act as a 1inal court in
part of the pleblscites of the Belghtin
erman ifrontier, and11 inl disputes a4s to
the Kiel CanIal, 111141 deelde certain of
the ec(olnomilc and1l fin11111ca problems.
Anl iltertia oIn a 414l onlferelev onl 1111o
is to be lii in Oetober umeior Its dree
tion, (nd 1111oi oi th 11inter444tional
control of ports, waterways mill rail
ways is foreshadowei.
elilbersipii,.- -'I'le nL'v i 'itu ers of tie(
leaguetio will be thie sigilil4ris 44 Ile
cov'1111ui, lin( ]othe14r statecs ilnvite(I to
IttIle, wh 411nu lodge a diiraton
(if necessionl w~tillureratnwth
Iin two months. A new stt, dlomiionm
or volilly mIi4y be adsiit41te(, providted
its a(dm)ISSiol Is gi'00(l 1yN" twO-thi'dis
)f the alseinbly. A Wtat m1ay with
draw up 1on giving two years' Ilotlee, if
It 11ms flilliedI aill its linternatinalI obll
A Ipermanellnt slecretariat will be es
taliished~ at ile seait oif the League,
whlich will be ait Geneva.
Trh'e ass5embly will conisist of repre
5(enltaitiv~es of the me4'ihers of theO
Lea'1gue, and41~v wi llmeet ait stated)4 initer'
vals, 'ot ing wvill be by states. Each
mnembier wIll hlaveon v40~ ote aund not
411r1. tlhn three represenItatives.
'The conn~lell will formulate 1phin4a for
a r'eductio o414(f armnaients for conIald
er(ion and41 adopt410)4Ion. The~ose 1pl4ans ullii
het revised'4 every toln years'). Once they
ar4e subitill ted bly any13 parity to4 thle die
Iluto wleh1 compliles wlIih It if ai mem14
bucr faiis to carry out the award, the
couneil will p lroposo the nlecessairy
mecasures. T1he counell will formula411te
plans41 for thle establlishmI~ent of a per
mlanlent court of initerniationial justice
to (determiino internlationall disiputes or
to give advisory oplinionls. Memibers
who do nlot submlit their case to arbi
tr'ation must accept the jurisdiction of
the assieimbly. If the council, less the
parties to the dispute, Is unan11iousl1y
agreedl upon the rights of It, thle mlem
ber's agree that they will not go to
war with any party to the dispute
whilh complies with Its recommend~a
tloons. Inl cais a r'ecomm~lend~atlon Ia
adlopted biy the assemlbly 410 mlem~ber
must exceed thle armanments fixed
without tihe conculrrenlce of the coun.i
cli. All mlemblers ill ekchango fuli
informlation as to uiamaments an1( pro
gramns, ando a permanent comm41ission1
wuili advIse tile cotuneli 0on mliltary andl~
Upon any wvar, or' threat of waer, the
coull'i will meet to constuiler what ac
tionl shall be taken. Memiber's are'
liedgedl to submll~it Inlatters of dispuite
to rbtra4' or hwiuiry' 4and0 no(t to
resrttown 111141 thrit't 40n1n1411 iit.,
OPERA HOUSE .f
Next Week Friday, May 22 Next Week U
Clara Kimbal Young
This picture has been advertised by us as coming to Laurens twice
before but each time it has failed to arrive. This time we have assured
its arrival for the above showing.
."The intimate article of dress
known as the corset which
the majority of women wear
but know very little about"
Xixe S. Cutkr M. D.
N this pertinent way the figure to the ideal proportions
well-known medical au- of its type. It will give a
thority, Alice S. Cutler, priceless all-day comfort. It
M. D., describes the most im- w i 1 safeguard t h e wearer
portant garment in the ward- against those bodily ailments
robe of women. that are often the result of
imnproper corsetry. It will
"Buy your corset carefully," r( n,)ir a wearing service that
warns Dr. Cutler. "No one - bac is worth the price paid
wants to be ill, and when er he garment.
women realize that the con- I
st ant wearing of an ill-fitting p' ie new Spring and
corset helps to keep our hos- un ner Gossard" are superior
pitals open they will insist on t se of the irt season,
being properly fitted to corsets V. ere generally acknowl
inswtead of buying them hit or / to he wihont equal m
mi"meting the needs of active
- 1 .womr: hood frtm the stand
Ve unreservedly recommend poinI L of com1fort, hygiene,
Go(sard Corsets, the origi:ial wear anigure improvement.
front-lacing corsets, as the Our higt~hly specialized fitted .
complete expression of modern aervice reflects our sincre ap
corsetry. Every Gossard Cor- preciation of the important
set is hygienically correct. If relati'~ a correctly fitted cor
properly fitted to the figure '-coI.sErs set hears to yourI healthi, and
for which it was designed, andi InLace/ln ont to that per fect figure poise
carefully adjtusted each time it that gives the elsv charm
is worn, it will mould that of tyl.
The' Original-Unequalled Froni-Laci~ .Corut ~'s
Priced at $2.50 $27 3.00 350 $4.00 $5 Cj 50 and more
Wells Clardy Company
"A Good Place to Trade"