Newspaper Page Text
HOW WOOD ALCOHOL AFFECTS.
PEISON8 WHO DRINK IT
Avterleank Expert Explains to Public
Facts Concorning Working of.Pols.
Facts concerning the' dangers of
wood alcohol which are scarcely
known to the general public have been
given to the public by Dr. Rold Hunt,1
a leading American authority on the
effects of alcohol, whose researches in
this line are regarded as having been
more extensive than have those of any
other Anierican scientist. *
-Dr. HIunmt. is the head of th, depart
ment of pharmacology of the -Medical
School of h1arvard university; was
formerly at o.Jlh Hopkins, and sev
oral years ago was chief of the di
vision of pharmacology of the United
States heatIl service, in which posi
tion he advised the government in the
rcgulation of the sale of drugs, pol
sons and intoxicating liquors. -le is
the author of the standard work
"Studies in Experimental Alcoholism".
4t the request of the American Chem
ical society, of which he is a nienber,
Dr. Hunt prepared a bulletin on wood
alcohol which was given out for pub
"Wood alcohol," writes Dr. Uunt,
"has become known as the American
poison on account of the freqtency
'with which cases of poisoning have
been traced to it in the United States.
Dospite this fact, there is still a lack
of appreciation of its; danger and of
an understanding of its nature. It is
on Lhis account that I am glad to
comply with the request of the Amer
ican Chemical society to prepare this
The nihsconcelption of the daingers
of wood alcohol ovidently exist-i not
only among those who drink or sell
alcoholic' beverages of unknown ori
Ain, but al;o to those who prepare
dlrinks containing wood alcohol for
sale and pierlapls also to those who
:4tel wood alcohol of th latter cass.
No other expilanation of the recent
accidents in thinkable: for, however.
sordid the motives and however reck
less of human life the manufacturers
of spurious 'alcoholic' beverages may
be, it is unreasonable to suppose that
anyone would knowingly incur the le
gal and other esponsibilities for such
a wholesale slaughter as has recently
"Among the misconceptions preval-I
ent," said iDr. Hunt, the following
may be mentioned:
"Many consumers, and perhaps
some of those who sell such drinks,
auem to think that wood alcohol has
such characteristic properties that Its
presence can be readily detected .hy
the ordor or taste. On the oth4nwai,
those who make such drinks know'
that -this is not the catse, but either be
lieve that the poisonous action has
beeni exagglerated or that the chances
of detection are relatively slight.
"Moreover, testimony was offered in
a court a minber of years ago to the
effect that the manufacturers of I
The dematid the coming year
wvill far exceed that of any rece:
The half-starved peoples of Europe are
ing. And the world is depending upon
You cannot raise a 100% crop unless ye
a matter of balanced conditions of the a
Potash must be present in the propei
because iA contains available Phosphori
Every bag is stamped with our Giarnt I
for your protection, and better place ye
avoid delayed delivery.
Ask our agent in your town for inf
flavoring extracts had been approach
ed by dealers in wood alcohol, and
urged to make their preparation with
it. The fact that already at that time
the bottles bore, he label 'poison' 'was
explained as it tuse to prevent the
government froni placing an internal
revenue tax upon, wood alcohol.
"It cannot be t6p strongly emphas
ized," he added, "that there Is not a
single poiperty of wood alcohol, ex
cept. its poisonous effects, by which
anyone but a chemist can distinguish
between purified 'wodd and ordinary
or 'grain' alcohol. The appearance,
odor and taste of the .two are so VI'alk
higly alike that even chemists who
have had much experilence with them
are unable by these properties to dis
tinguish between them with certainty.
T'1he difficulty is, of course, greatly in
Lreased when essence, flavors or col
oring matters are added, as is the case
in -the spurious drinking now being of
fered for sale. Not only can the con
sumer, however great his familiarity
with alcoholic bpverages may be, not
trust his own judgment. i this matter,
but he cannot trust the judgment of
an exi)erienced bar or saloon keeper.
"Now, as regards the (luestion of
the Noisonous prolpertics of wood al
cohoJ ," added the expert:
"t is inconceivable that any ordi
naril intelligent per.Aon can now be
in (oubt on this subject, in view of the
hiundreils of cases of deaths and blind
ness resulting from its use. Twenty
rears ago when such cases first. be
gan to be rel)orted t'here was some
ireason for a little uncertainty on this
Abject not only on the part of the
public, but of chemists and of those
physicians Wlo were not famillrar with
ertain pharmacological experliments
)n dogs. Th1'e odor, taste and other
properties of pur(e wood alcohol that
liehimists were inclined to attribute
the had effects from the former to the
presence of impurities in the commer
lai samples. But none of the impurt
les in the latter are as polsonous or
:%ausc the same effects as the abso
utely pure wood alcohol Itself.
"Pharmacologists, moreover, from
'xperlments on dogs, had years before
shown that the action of wood aleco
hiol upon the unimal organism is
fundamentaly different from that of
>rdinary alcohol. This difference may
be briefly summarized: When ordinary
ilcohol is taken into the body it is
rapidly converted it'to water and car
ionle acid gas, which are harmless
inbstancesialways present in the body,
ind any excess of which IS promptly
Alhainated by the kidneys and lungs.
Wood alcohol, on the other hand, in
itrad of being changed into harm
less substances -which are easily elini
nated,- remains In the body as such
or ,a considerabel time and is then
ilowly converted into another poison
-formic acid-the acid which is found
n ants. These poisons, and perhaps a
lird formed from the wood alcohol,
'ormaldehyde, attacks the brain and
>ther organs and cause death or brind
for Cotton, Corn, Grain, ctc.,
even now cryinre out for food and cloth
the Farmer. of America to Supply it.
u have a 100Of soil.' Fertility is largely
>1. Phosphoric Acid, Ammonia, and
proportions if biumper crops are to
Acid, Ammonia and Potash In the
izard Tratb-Mark. Look for ft-it's
ur ordecr for Pianer's right now and
atlon, fre vice, or price., or write
"Poisonousiess is an inhorent..qual
ity of wood alcohol," continued Dr.
Hunt. "It is as impossible to prepare
11011-PIoisonous wood alcohol as it is to
prepare non-poisonious 1)russic acid.
"Individuals vary considerahly !in
their susceptibility to 'wood alcohol;
some, die or become blind from
amounts which seem to do no hiarm
to.others. 'Tils is true, however, o
all posons. Death or blindness 111as
resulted from two teaspoonfuls and
from onie or two tablespoonfuls of the
poisol. Sixty to seventy-filve of those
takiag four ounces, that is a quarter
of 1t it. : iltf it "glassfil," havo
died or become permanently :blind.
T'hat wood alcohol is properly placed
InI the list of 'deadly poisons' Is evi
dlent from tih1e fact that the mortality
frolli arsenic polsoling is olly.50 to
75 per cent and that from bichloride
of mercury even I less. Of a group of
130 men who drank a lixture of wood
and graiti'al,ohot all but 32 dIed or
"At tile mresent time, whvii the man
Llfacture and sale of geuilne alcoholie
beverage is illegal, the only safe
mourse to pursue is to refrain from
buying, drinking or .dealing iII any
thing purporting to be slich a1 bever.
IV. U. IHASOlI ItESIGNS
('11088 HILL, BANK
Press of Other lusiness Matters Caus
vs H11iml to Rlelieve 111mse14f of Blur.
dlen. Other filiuness (Chanllges.
Cros 11111. Jan. 12.---Several chang
as have recent i ytakeni place fin' lie
llaik of Cross 11111 and other busi
less enterprises In Cross 11111. Among
h1e most important wits the resigna
io.) of W. C. ilasor as Irt-ident of the
I1ank of Cross 11111. '.irt. Itasor was
argely instrumental in gettilg 111 this
nisitutlon an:d has served a1H presi
lent since its organization fourteen
r4ars ago. ''lhe siCecess and growtli
)f t(e bank is largely duile to Ills wise
ianagement, financial ability. and
immediate and colstant attention. It
"ras 'wit hmnuch regret' and some lesi
Lalcy that the lirectors accel)ted Ills
'esignatioll at the allillual Illeeting last
liursday. Imr. itasor will continue
vith tile bhank as acting vice presi
Ient until about Jtine, or untIl tie
icw ol1fcials are wel) acquainted with
.he work. lie feels that lie needs
0ome rest from tihe constan t, and
;tringent, business life necessary tin
h)e banking interest. .\r. Rasor has
old a considerable block of his
arge ownings in tile bank to Messrs.
1. P. Abney and J. C. Self of Green
vood and Mr. Abney has been elected
is president of the bank iII his stead.
Elecause of hils shrewd business sa
acilty Mr. Rasor has long been Col
idered a financial leader and adviser
n1 Cross 11111.
Mr. Jas. 1). Decks who has also been
,vith the bank ats bookeeper for tile
mst (leveln years has given up his
vork and Mr. J. C. .lcGowan, a recent.
,raduia le of tile Citadel has been elect
,d Assistant Cashier. .Theiv . bnslness
1lls so increased that it becmilev i('
'ssary to1 add1 alnother~ hetlper1 to the
lesical force of th bank 8111 and1 .\lis
11ladys (GrIllin1 'awas some timeic a1go
'lected to this positloll. \lr. W. 1'.
d arth u (ontinuells as cash11ier~ andi h0,
ogoicr withI tile lhel of) \1.lr. in sor
vill hlave tile immieitdiaito mlanagemlent.
lf thle bulsinie)s. Unider thle ehanged
hiat tile business('5 of t1whe Bank or (Cross
11l1 Will ('0n11in e its forme1l4r 11r1 osPr
Laast Wednesda' -*aftern'loonl at theC
mme1of tile otllciiting ministe1 r, 11ev.
W. D). Rlatchiford, was mlarrlied Mir.
D~ouglas Chlapman to M\iss Carry Youlng
>f neart Gboldville. TPhe you~ng couple1
boarded at traOin at Waterloo for a
ihort tour '0 Aulgusta and1( otheri cities
0Our famious spor1tsme~n A. .\. Hll, .
I lenry 'ltasor,i John A. 1)aven port, and1(
\lir. Geo. W. *De 'ba Fayet te l11ll. lef t
hiere last 'ITuesday afternuoonl with sev
eral crates of the -very best hlounds
ror' Leesburg, Floridal, where' they ex
lect to spel1 three weeks or more ini
fox huniting and1( other sports.
.\lch 'cottoln lian been 80old here
oince tile piice reacehedi 400. Tile larg
1st lot w~as that of WV. C. Ilasor and
0ons -who sold I.60 0 bale, s0ome of
whllehl was botugh't in 1914. Thlis lot
10o(d for ablout $300,000.00.
flINERS5 AOIREE TO
Its Action all be Accepted Unre
servedl1y. .or lInformatlloin Asked
by Qiperator.. 1.T1 ca
Washington, 'JQ.1.-h ca
strike settlemienit 001oiission today at
Its fIrst formal Sessionl receivedl from
thle milinr1s 1 assuane thait its tind
Inigs wVould( be unres00'ervely accepltedl
'ind( froni the operator's a1 huestlinnirei
as to thle conitempilated scopJe of the
Spleakinig as8 chirma o111(f tile operal
tor's5 5eale commllittee (If 11h0 cen'utrl'
com11pet Itive field1; Thomas1 'T. lIra'
ster, 0of SI. Lou11is, Infltormled th 11c1, ..
mfilssion thait th10eloperaltors were 11ot
ready to prioceed~ with thle hearinig net
for today un1t1 i ore infolrmation re..
galdimrg iln nronnsel wor'k of the COnm..
mnission 'was afforded theml and until
the representatives of the operators
could consult with ' their associates.
Henry N. Robinson, representative of
the public and prelident of the com
IIsioi, after conferring with his as
sociates, .John .P. White, representing
the iniers, and Rembrandt Peale, act
lig for the operators, algreed to take
the ItiquirIes of the operators under
advisement 111a( later to make a reply.
John 'b. Lewis, acting president of'
the United Mine Vorkers, of Anerica,
at the ottset of the session Informed
the commIssion that It could )rocee
With the assurance that Its decslons
would be accepted as biadiin; hby the
In ealling 'tihe sesioll together, Mr.
Itobinson said the polley of the com
i Issioners would not be to conlider i
themselves sp,)ecial leaders for the inl
terests of particular groips from
which they are drawin, "but. would all
act in the interests of the public, in
ers an(1 oiperators alike."
Card of ''hinks.
In (losing up our business extend
1ig ov'e' a long period of years lin
Lairens, we wish to express our
thanks and appreciation for the trade
given us and to wish all of our friends
ond listoiels haiappiless and pros
.\OSJIM'Y & RIOLANl).
Piles Cured in 6 to 14 Days
Drn'mgirta refund money If PAZO OINTMENT fali1
to euro I tching. Dial.d, lcd;nf or Protruding.I Piles
r.Int! re i -ve I I) i . itle% I te' yo- r l .
Light enough to g<
It has won out in E
there-were Six or Twei
as perfectly as other tra
. We want you to ki
us for full description, f
R. S. DUNI
Sale of Surplus Government Goods
Army regulation li'eist "'ollar liarness, selected prime packer steer
Hides used in production of this harness, hides tapned under Government
ipeccilcatilons. 25 lbs. of bends it $1.05 per poutnd used to proditco a single
set of this harness-which is nearly the priec of the harness conileto as now
offered you. This harness was adapted for hauling heavy artillery into ac
(io on the ibattlefleid. Ei'very operation in the making of this harness was
iigidly inspected and passed severe Government tests. IUIt1AST COIALAR
IIAllNESS Is a standard harness, used for all pu'rposes in FIuropean countries.
'here is,.roughly, fotim lies the pushing surface in this collar than in the
round collar. YOU AlI' TAKING NO CIlANCES-iT STOOD TRE TiST.
Plce your order immediately before the stock runs out. SINGILN1' W141L,
FI'TS, $17.50! Dlouble Wheel Sets, $110.00: SINGL L LlhAll) qiTS, $37.50; Dou
le iLead Sets, $70.00,
i .S. Army leather open bridles, coc., sei viceaible condition .... .... ..$3.75
U. S. Army.-web halters, adjustable. riveled at rings, double uider chin,
throat. latch and check pieces, each .... .............................76
U . S. Army wool suits, complt-ie witih coat, br'eches and leggings, good
condition, dyed dark blue, very special price per stilt ..... .... ..$8.45
(i. S. Army wool overcoats, velvet collar, good condition .... .... ....$9.95
IT. S. Army hats; have been reblocked, good condition .... .... .... ..
U. S. A rmy raincoats, good, serviceable condition .... .... .... ..... ..$.5
U. S. Army wool shirts, in good condition, repaired. olive drab. grado
A, $2.95; grade B. *2.50; grade C, $1.95.
I'. F. Army olive drab wool blankets, perfect condition. Clean and sani
tary. weight ;5 lbs. Order three or four as they will be scarce this
w inter .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... ..... .... ....$O x
tI. 8. Army commercial grey blankets, good condition .... .... .... .... .$.
T. S. Army regulation comforts, >live drah aid floral designs; good, ser
viceable condition, full size renovate .... .... .... .... .... ..$2.96
U1. S. Army heatcrs "Cole" 1la No , mick ie trimmed, 36 inches high,
16 inches inside. An exec stove; good condition .... ........$18,5
T. S. Army heaters, 'ONN S' t No. , 36o inches high, 16 inches insido $16,50
1'. S. Army heaters, BIG SEMIEN No. 32, 31 inches high, 32 inches Inside,
in good serviceable condition. flurns -wood or coal .... .... ....$15.00
Pocket knives, $1.50, $1.75, $1.85, $2.25. U. S. Army knives, Sc each, 25c
for six; 50e per dozen. U. S. Army forks, 0c each, 50c'for six, 75c per doz.
U. S. Army dessert spoons, 5c each, 50e per dozen. U. S. Army wool under
wear, clean andi sanitary, good condition, better order a few pairs, 95c per
garment, $1.85 per suit. U. S. Army cotton breeches, clean, good condition,
hieavy material, per 1pair $1.25.
WIT'M'i'. FOL CATALOG. TEiiS: Cash with order. Reference: Any
biank in Greenville. Include postage when ordering goods sent, by parcel
post. YOUR .lONlY PACK 11" NOT SAT!Sl"ED.
BRADLEY BONDED WAREHOUSE CO.,
OELtENVIiLiLE, S. C.
Ro emieimlber -The enormous buying power of ilt' Government enlables us to
offer you such lowv t ic.s on ottr, goods.
anywhere; heavy enough to pull anything
)empsey" of the Tractor Word
,very contest for the past sixteen months, whether
ity-Six Tractors in the field. It burns kerosene
ctors do gasoline.
iow about this wonderful little tractor. Write
ull tests and prices.
.AP or W. P. HUDGENS
LAURENS, S. C.
les of Military Heels
E AND SEE THEM