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Five Minute Chats
on Our Presidents
By JAMES MORGAN
(Copyright, 1920, by James Morgan.)
A FUGITIVE PRESIDENT
1809-James Madison, Inaugu
rated President, aged fifty.
1812-(June 19) War de-,
1814-(Aug. 24-27) In flight
from the British. (Dec.
28) treaty of peace.
1817-Madison retired from
1826-Rector in University of
182-in constitutional con
1836-(June 28) died, aged
B T"l' for the smliles of his bloom
ing Dolly, Mdilison's administra
tion would be i desert without an
onsis, over whose dreary expanse the
weary biographer would wander
athirst for human anecdotes. Her
bubbling spirits relieved the austerity
of Jeffersonian simplicity and won
her a popularity that has been equaled,
If at all, among the mistresses of the
White House, only by Mars. Cleveland.
Unless Grant must he excOpted,
Madison is the only president who
found the presidency an anticlimax
to his career. One of the really great
lnw-givers of the nation, he was
wilh out executive force.
With a weak cabinet, this gentle,
sweet tetperel, peace loving scholiar
found himself adrift on the turbitl
seat of the great Napoleonic wars.
I 'crhiIps it was no loigar possible to
keep Us out of the war when iti last the
Ulnited Stutes wns the only neutral
left ii the civilizeil world. Bit. cer
tainly it was no time for at faiir-weatlh
After 20 years of kicking and cuff
ing from both sides in the European
conflict, bullied by England and lied
to by Napoleon, the country was sore
all over when the "warhtawks" of con
gress, under the youthfutl Henry Clay,
seized the tiller of the ship of state
from Madison's iaresolute hand and
recklessly pointed the vessel straight
into the teeth of the storm. The sea
board East wvas more for peace and at
that time the military section was the
new West, wvhere the Tennesseans and
Kenttrekians, Indianlans and' Ohiloans
were lustily shouting "On to Canada I"
Overborno by their rash counsels, Mad
ison consented, as hie said, to "throw
forward the flag of the country, sure
that the pteople wvould press onward
and dlefend it."
Without competent civilian military
leaders, without fInancial credit with
out war equipment, the people could
not ptress onward, 'as any history of
the dismal war of 1812 wvill tell you.
Eveni the capital was left undefend
edi, and Maidison, "in a lit tie round
hat wilth at big ('ockade," rain abloutt in
helpless he-vildermnent as the~ British
11mnrelhed un Washington.
\Vith the' intvader-s entering tat 0n0
side of the dlefeniseless townt, the
president fled tat the other. As he
turned lhe siaw the flamtes .shoot ing up
behind him, lhe lied faster anid farther.
While the BritIsh cotmmaunder wtas
blowing out enndles on his (linner tai
ble that he might feast in thle light
of the burning WhIte flouse, its fuigi
tlve moaster was hiding in a forest but
'25 mriies aiway.
A fter an aibsence or thireet daye, a
hieaivy-iieaartedi, shaitteredl, hioutseeSs
president returnted to view the
din rred wall s of his, oflelni Ireslietnce
Iand1 of the capitol. At every tun lie
wsgreetedl by it ly nt ttetinogs of the
genie ral d ispositIion to nitink im the
fwan tigoat for alI the nti iotnail shot
((intirngs int a wiar thait had been: thrust
upioniliii hiam. t i vi cto ry tat New
Orl-en1us anrd the returnra of peace, thle
votee of the faultitider wuas drIownedl
in I ' (-105 ig dlays of his aihntinis
ti-at tion Maidison wais (chteored by many
assuranices that this count rytinen wer-e
not forgetfail of t he -to y-tars t hat lie
haid se-rvedl themi in patre dlevol lont.
Like John Ada ms, hoe emtet-ged froma
his r-el Iremtent to sit in the contstiitu
tionial conivetiion of is staite,
where the aged utatesmuan closed his
activo oblaiic life, as lhe had opened
it, with a sentiment of humranity for
the slaves. 'Mi mUs
Five Minute Chats
on Our Presidents
By JAMES MORGAN . .
(Copyright. 1920, by James Morgan.)
1751, March 16-James Madi,
son born at Port Con.
1772-Graduated at Princeton.
1776-in Virginia legislature.
1780.3, 1785-8-in Continental
1787-In constitutional conven
1794-Married Dorothy Todd
1801-9-Secretary of state.
A s JAAIES AIA1ISON madle a great
name for himself before entering
the presidency andl adled nothing to it
while in the White [louse, it must he
that he was a good dleal of iatan but
not much of a president.
Like all the more famous Virgin
lans, Matlison vas not of the highest
aristocracy, but the son of at plain,
well-to-do farmer in an outlying coun
ty. His early life was passed at Mont
pelier, the farm which his grandfather
had wrested from the Indians; from
it he drew his, only private income
and at last he was burled in its soil.
Ile was dependent on his father until
he was fifty, when the latter died and
the place became his own, with 100
slaves, who continued always to adll
dress hin simply as "Master Jimimy."
Standing only five feet six Inches
aid one-.iuarUer inchtes, lie was, with
(rant the smallest of our presidents.
Naturally thin and t'rail his zeal for
study nearly wrecked his health While
a student at Princeton college, where
for months at a tinie he slept only
three hours out 'of the 24. Unfitted
for military duty when the Revolution
ctme, he went to the Virginia legisla
ture instead. Yet this seemingly
broken-down young man was destined
to be the longest lived of all the presi
dents, with the single exception of
When a candidate for re-election to
the legislature, Madison revolted
Dlu arlof i Madionnwh. a
elecntd The odefeatedi cusdtom had
to wait a dozen years for his first
chance to distinguish himself. Still
ino time wvas lost, for, while lie was
waiting, he diligently prepared to meet
opportunity when it should come and
made' a close study of all governments,
ancient nnd modern,
If Miadison hadl not been crossed and
blessedl in love, jposterity miight not
catch him on his human side at all
and only yawni over this prosy, serious,
stutdh ':s, cool-tempered unaggressive,
weiizedi, little great man. ie was
already a mature hatchelor of' thirty
two and a member of the Continental
congress, w~hien a slxt een-.tear-ol d girl
in hia Phladelphia. boarding house
was the first to toucht a soft spot in
his hieairt. A young cler-gymatn who
hung aind sighed over her harpischord
cut hinm out, and hie was p~ainfully
aw~akened from his first dream of love
by a letlter of dismissal whieh, for rea
sons tinknowvn to this inter generation,
ihe young miss seitled wIth a pinch
of rye dough.
Madison wans past forty, iand well
into his Indian summier, when lhe he
camie inv-olved in still another- board
ig house romance at P'hil, ':-lphia.
Only, Instead of a lady boarder-, hie
fell in love this time with a land
lady's 4ii'ughiter, Dolly3 Paiyine T[odd,
whlo was only twenty-six, hiaul lost her
humshatul and wias living with hieir moth
er, "'who received into her house a
few gent leniumen orders" Among them
was Seuna tor Aiarion litirr of New York.
Maisoin himself wvas sliaying at nn
i ther- house, where lie and two
it hem- fuitumre presidenits,-.ffersoun andl
Mon roe~. were 1iig tihriee ini a roun.
Trhere thle fame of thle pr-etty y-oung
Qtauakeess tiraiveled to lim, and he
askedl Jlumrr-thiey were at Princeton
togethler-t o t akue lii t see hter. The
manutch flatmed tip ini the flash of atn
eye, and Dolly rnnd her- hoy werec
horne away to Montpeler-, wvhere she
provedl her tactfulness anid kindliness
biy dweluni; lnapeace'uinder the nme
roof with her mother-imalaw thilrty-Qve
AMERIANS TO (ET .
TAIDE IN lUSSIA
Opporiunities in ('aucausus and South
ern Rutssin to bm Taken Adva-uu
ln!t.e Of. -
Constant inople, Sept. 25.--Ameri
calls are gradually preparing to avail
tlemiiselves of t rade opportuniti es
which will present themselves as so011
as conditions beteonte 110'e settled in
Soithern liussia and the CaUcasis.
'Tie (uaranity 'I''st 2Ol'many. of
New York, opienhs its C'onstanltinled
branc(h, trs;t Amneric"an bank I inl 1114
laevanut, tiliat mn th1 . Thil A111(ri(.rni
its sIi,)pintg clepaii ent 0(1 to ani At . i
enn organizat uol n lled the i hlac " i
Corporation. N. G. lloothi. .r.,. for -
mherly representllative of the l )nier(
tatus Shipping ll oard in ''onsiant iu'
plie. is hal of1 th( 1-w corIJoretinW.
which las eltiert dii severat ships fI
the( illaeck ''" trade and is desigio-d"t
""r.inmarily to ats:"enable frei7ght from
the various ports of the Itlaick Se. a tt
mnake. it available for larg.^er Amterican
Athips at 11,a1u11 for ('enstantinople.
.\dmiral .\ark Biristol, Amneri'-anl
Ii.h 'ommiissioner, is Lratly iIle
esle(d in the d(elomlient of AmerIi
cant tade in this lleid, which has t, .a
abandoned by (Gellany and Austria.
Twelve Amietiean Iirims are already 4s
tablished thoroughly in Constantino
ple and ten others have agencies
which ipromise to develop into porno
nient1 organizations. So far, the Amtoer''
ical slips have not mNadi) regular
schedules in the Near ':ast, with the
resuilt that their bu1siness has bet n usi.
saltisfactoriy in many cases.
In a recet report to the state dc
p artmecnt, Admiral liristol submlitted1 ;
su' gestion of F'. A. TiIn nertnant. an!
An rihani stiippiing agent. in ( onst cal
tin(>ple, thalt a direct" lint, het weenh
New Orleans and the ILvant w(culd
doubltless he profitable. lio wouhd
have such a line c'all in 'nba, Spain,
Italy, Greee, Blulgaria, Rm.)th Runssia.l
Georgia and Turkey.
It is argued that the proposed line
between 'New Orleans and llackt S.a
portls woul afo a more I 1101 dIirect Iline
tthan( now exists for the shipment. of
coffee and other South and (en't iaI
American irodutcts to the Near East,
in combhination with shoes, hardware,
machinery and various other manlt
factored products irom( the .\lississiitid
Valley, which, Alle'ricans hope will
permanently replace German and AuIs
trian goods in this market.
Ilamberg formerly fu rInlisie the
Ltevant nmost of its coffee. Geinr1y
anid Austria together in pre-war tines
slupplied the Black Sea area'with most
of its mattfactuled goods, but such
goods were pouring in here in larige,
'inantititis from America, ieore ex
cihange beentnle so unfavo\"rabh-i. up-.
tlis of this sort cotld I< adily be st
I'- ississi.:, i vahlly point: th ahy !
wc Orle~a~n, in thei of . \ .
l'iilg il: at'i i all e ir Iloise1l 1 Ily vi'ieI.
iintov mga~nst. on p't hI r, irntrio,
h cttirouhl d":tr'y iron h aot And tai.
yer wlirtn :1 e i : a to hevy
tm to. : ti r with WO !. a ii ptu s, I,
Thos !re Dinky Be il fts. at
'- ii-d e to i! d v r f l
An on, w wot t the Fly.
Tihe das lti. ot SOietesri capable of
being entrrieel by onte liuse t !y v'aries
drytu blt to to0,00, H once a er-.
sIleIn against this pest which is iost
n utnerous dluring the seatson of the
year when (epideie~s nrt, likely to oe.
cur will play a great part in preven
tion and stir~.d of any maldy.
Those Dinky Befits.
He is a very strong and a very fleet
man who can get away from his tailor
these days without sone sort of little
dinky belt tacked on to his coat.
A WOMAN'S Bv-K
The Adite of This I.airens W1oman is
of s 'eraain Value
.\day it Iay womll's back his Iniiy
at'1ee And p~ains.
Ofti etit tI t'-; t he t'fa .
That'. why i oane' Kidney Pill a"'
th as y i .tinl Inl wdai :n :;t owt tili:.
.\y sk or a di.:hhoer'ge
Read whiat : Pt lir to s at lia .
.\lr . . -:. L'. -S "uai . 4i:!: "anll .
laurtenl. says4: ". \'w ye r a,") mly
kidney. wsr. in had condition and my
bIa< k as lme and w"ak. e-tsin. m).
cousido+rable annioyan(ce. I uts-d~
Doan's Kidney Pills at tis ti e and
Tey entiresy cud mI of the attack.
I llse D(,an'.: Kidlney P'i'.l o r-"asionll y
and they ward of' any more attacks of
this trouble. I advise kidno}y :-uff rers
to try this teindy."
Price Met~ at all dealers. Don'tsm
pil: ask for a kidney remedy-:;et
loan 's Kidney Pills-tho same+ that.
.\rs. Swain had. 'oster-.\ilburn C'o.,
Alfra . Hutffalo, N. Y'.
fle'ly a8 pa
Add the your
dy-e Dot thCn e 30x3-, 3~l~
vLiI(rTLlJ ' ,ti r
kid recost. and~ oi3~
The children love
good for them.
Made under conditions of _"4
absolute cleanliness and
brought to them in Wrigley's
sealed sanitary package.
Satisfies the craving for
sweets. aids digestion, sweet
ens breath. allays thirst and
helps keep teeth clean.
Costs little, benefits much.
T HE FLAVOR
o economy. i buying so
1ains in tires offered at
y cheap prices when a well
delivers mileage at a
y lower rate of cost.I
te and trouble occasioned
t replacements and it is
hnt why tire users, seeking
economy, are not attracted
tpiy priced tires.
rity of Goodyear Tires, of*
3x3%/- and 31x4-inch sizes,
the fact that they are built
Kceptional mileage at low
isistently do so.
iFord, Chevrolet, Maxwell,
1er car taking these sizes,
nearest Service Station forI
[ires--for true Goodyear
ue, economy. K)m
ar 1 eavy Tourtist 'Tubes costt no moret than the price
aske i to pay for tubhes of less merit --w hy r isk costly
when suchi cure protection is available 4
si t i wat'erproofba --.........