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. V., gs second class mail mattbr.
LAURENS, S. C., MARCH 30, 1921
"The root of the railroad difficulty iE
not in national agreements, but In thc
inadequacies of management," say
Jett Lauck, consulting economist,
-Why not let Jett run 'cim?
His eyes "roved the room with the
ex;)ression of appeal one sees oi the
face of a hunted man with his captors
all around him'" writes the worldly
wise ,correspondent of the Columbia
Reco(d in describing Iighan after the
jury bad brought in a verdict of guilty.
Very common scene, no doubt.
Surpassing In brutality even the
Bigha n case in this state is that of the
murder of at least eleven negroes in
Jaspe i anewton counties, Georgia.
In tho Bigham case we have either a
case of lnsnity or possibly sudden
'heat nd passion as miti-gating circum
stancds, but in the Georgia cases we
can see nothiing more than prede
termined and cold-blooded murder.
The s riousfiess of the crimes are not
lessene1d by the fact that the victims
were (egroes and no stones should be
left uiturned to bring the guilty ipar
ties to the ,electric chair.
* * *
Thi Is a wonderful country we have
here nd even today, when all the
world is bound down by financial
troublfs. we could be relatively free
from yxisting 'burdens. Unfortunately
'we hidve lived beyond our resources
duri# a period of prosperity and, fol
lowing an unsound agricultural sys
tem, 'have tied ourselves ip so tight
that it-Ls hard to see light ahead. With
these lhings in mind, it is difficult to
belliev reports that farming opera
tions, -gith the exception of the use of
fertilizer, are planned along lines fol
lowed in the past. Farmers' of this
county,: we are lead to .believe,- are
preparing their lands for cotton in al
most the same proportions as In (past
years. These reports may -be In error
and land apparently prepared for cot
ton may be prepared for other crops,
but evidences of radica.'. reduetion in
cotton acreage and- Increase of other
crops ag-e lacking. 'The outlook for
cotton now makes the planting of a
large crop of that iproduct as very tin
wise and we boiteve that farmers un
dertaking to plant a large acreage
without looking out after other domes
tic needsiare making a grave mistake.
Bagey Schrool Honor Roll
Seventl' Oradle-Mattle Benjamin
Sarah Adair, Thomas Hamilton.
Sixth Grade-Mary Benjamin.
Fifth Gr~ade--Mary Templeton.
Fourth ,rade-Ada BenjamIn, J1. T.
Third drade-Erskine AIir, Joe
Second drade-Lou Ella Fuller, Wil
lie Lee Fr ler, ifenry Nelson, Char-lie
Richards, d-win Templeton, Roy 13.
'Walker. Ii ,
First Gr de-Sarr-ie Star-nd.t druce
Starnes, (' rr-ie Richards, Roy Jerry,
Bernice N ~lson.
Pr s byterian ChurreW : *.a
The Sacrement of the Lord's Supp~er
will be adm nisteredl at the 'Fir-st Pres
byterlan ch *rch next Sunday in con
nection with the eleven o'clock ser
In agreemnpnt with the First Metho
dist and Flirst Blaiptist churches, our
evening services both Sunday and
Wednesday will be at 8 o'clock, be
ginning tis evening andl continuing
thr-ough the imummer.
C. T. SQU'IRE~S, Pastor,
OlY to lPiitiliestfl
Miss .Sarahlt Nash, of tir-y Coirt,
p~assed through the city Monday morn
ing on her :way to Calurmbhia as the
represenative from this county in the
'Palmafesta contest. 'Thie canrdidater
from tire var-lins con tles are being
en tertgi ned arid chaple roncd biiy thre Ca
luimbia matrions, Miss NaLshI being ai
girest at t he hrome oif Mr's. C. ii. Mole.
.Meetinmg of W. II. I'.
AttentIion is called to the fact. that
the qiua rterly mneetirng of thre Third Di-cl11
vision, Laurens WV. .M. I '., will meet
wVithi thne Warteril oo clhuirch. Satuprday,
Apil 2nd, 10:30 o'clock. A firll dele
gation fr-om a~l IBap itist chirches Is
Thel Wednesday (lub
Thre Wedcncesday club ill h eet this
afternoon at 4:30 o'clock wvith Mr's. C.
Mi's. Gon. M. WVrbrht. Sec.
SENTENOE OF DEATH
IMPOSED ON BIOHA*
(Continued from 'Page.'1)
their God, they would have testified
When asked to explain the finding
of his pitol in his brother's hands,
"I left that pistol in my 'bureau
drawer and it has -been testified thalt
the door was found broken open. That
is the only way Smiley could have
got it. If I am guilty I hope I may
be petrified in front of 'this court
house just as I was that day, or as I
am now. I am as innocent as a new
iigham's show of weaknoss at the
end may have been in some icasu re
due to the fact that he was not sus
tained 'by the ipresence of his wife
and children whose devotion has been
so marked a feature of 'the trilal. When
it was announced that the jury was
about to return to the court room,
'Mrs. 13Ighain and the children left and
heard the news of the verdict and sen
tence while in the office of the clerk
of court downstairs.
Mrs. Bigham fainted when she
heard the verdict, and Mrs. Worrell,
the mwife . of a Florence policeman,
'who has been her constant companion
(luring the trial, went to the court
room for a doctor. Dr. I. M. Ilicks.
attendedl Mrs. Bighain and 'when she
was made comfortable she was taken
''back to Mrs. Worrell's boarding house
where she has -been a guest.
FlPOreilce, March 2.-Edmund Big
ham, defendant in one of the most
sensational cases ever tried in South
Carolina, rwent on the stand in the
criminal court this afternoon in his
own defense. lie had -been preceded
by his wife and his fourteen-year-o1ld
daug'hter, Louise. The tostimony of
the Bighams, which had been expected
to come up today was responsible for
the attendance of the even larg%,
crowd of spectators than had marked
previous sessions of the trial. Among
this crowd was an even more liberal
,sprinkling f women than had cone to
Mrs. Bigham was the first of the
family to be called to the stand. She
told in detail tihe story of happenings
at the Bigham home on the day of the
tragedy in which Mrs. M. NI. Bigham,
Mrs. Maggie Bighamn Black. L. Smiley
'Bigham and Leo and oJ-hn McCracken,
ado:pted children of Mrs. Black were
the victims. The date of the tragedy
was January 16th.
Mlrs. Bligham showed almost com
plete Imperturbability both.in the tell
ing of her story and in anawering the
questions when cross-examined by
Solicitor Gashine. $he gave,.her testI.
mony as If reading It fro'm a note 'book
and her memory as to details appeared
to be most exact, She showed no signs
of nenyousness-and spoke in a clear,
distinct-voice*'withif fe'ling. Louise
Iigham. the 14-year-old daughter, whb
shows extraordinary precocity for her
years. told a story that dup:icated that
of her motiher's except in minor de
talls., She seemed to reilmeriber every
thing except Ili some matters virtually
affecting her father's defense. When
called upon to recognize I)etective
10ichelbenger and say whether or not
she had made certaIn .statements to
him, concerning the condition of af
fairs at the Highain home, she dis-,1
owned ever having recnn the detective.
This; observance of the interest of
the defendant :wns quite as ap~parent
in the testimony or Mirs. Hlgham, wvho
-when asked a question affecting her
husbandl's interests would answer,
Edmund Bigham aiioeared to re
member everything that. had taken
place in the household even to small
detala like dihe distance tahat was
necessary to back an auto .in ordler
to come out of the fro'nt yard and the
dlistance between the point. in the llig
haint homestead covered In the occur
rences surrounding the tr-igedy. lie
Oven recalledl that he had not paid
one negro for cutting woodl on the day
of the murders.
It was when IBighanm reachedl the
Cross examination stage that tihe con
tinuaty of his story wi-as broken. When
a question came u p that wvas not easi
ly answered he -would lean toward So
licitor (Gasque and say "hold on a
mInute," or "just wait" and then ven
ture an explanation rather than a
statement of fact. Hligham's first showv
of feeling camne when he dlescribedl the
findings of his -brother's body. lie
broke into sobs -andl tears and theree
was a jpause of some length before lhe
could go on. This demonstration was
repeated 'when he told the story of the
fInding of his sister and lhe appeared
affected only to a slIghtly less degree
when lie dlescribed the finding~ of 1~eo
AlcCrscion and hi.s efforts 'to save the
Fluancial A amirn
T ioward the end of Iigham's direct
testimony lie launched -fortih into'
statement concerning the financial af
faIrs of the -Blgham family. lie told1
how he had loaned money at varlona
times and howv he had never received'
any share of Ils father's estate. I-t
was abecause of these sacrifIces, he
said, that the otihen members of the
famnily h ad made the deed to all their
Interest:; in the estate -which lisa wife
rouight to recordl the (lay he was Put
The family owed him lie said, some
tii like $26,000, and he had giveni
'utm a mortgage coverIng the diffes
-enc( between that amount and $47,000,
he amount named as consideration in
ih face of thIs deed.
Edmund Bigham in his testimony
spoke in a clear and sharp v'oice and
in the recall of happenings and conu
d itlons leading up to the fIndIng of
hIs mnotheri showed no relIng. Is
f~Irst dIsclosure of any importance
was a talk -with Smiley Bigham, hIs
'brother, on the night of Jlanuary..14.
when the dead manm hatd toldl of the
theft of the county records and 0!
the $700 nostoffen shortage. in whitch
former Senator J.'V.- M'cCown and
tthers.were the srreties.
Smiley had said, according. to the
witness, "I 'believe a 1hundred per
cent strong that I will be sentenced
to the penitentiary at 'the March
term of the federal court because of
the shortage and for the theft of
the county records."
Mrs. igthan on Stand
When Mrs. 'Bigham took the stand
this morning there was a stir in the
court room. Mrs. Bighan w.s per
haps the most composed person in
therroom. She related in detail the
happenings leading tup to the trag
edy, denying that there had ever
been any trouble at the Bigham
home and declaring that she and her
husband had always got along all
right and that they 'had passed a
happy married life. On the night of
tl:e tragedy she declared that her
husband had not left the house, nor
did he leave any time early in the
morning. She swore the pearl 'han
died pistol 'which she identified as
her husband's had been in a bureau
drawer, She had sent her daughter,
Louise, to her father in the woods
on January 8th to -get an address of
one of 'her brthers.
The trip -to Foxworths' had taken
perhaps twenty minutes. VAnd in
tlhat time,"' pursued Mr. Gasque,
"Suiley had killed all these people
and had 'got out by the road into
the woods.' "It was about that
time," answered rMs. Bigham. She
and her children, Mrs. Bigham said.
had stayed in the Iqarlor all night.
She had 'whispered .to her husband
and told him to go to bed. She didn't
exactly whisper, but told him.
She left the room about daylight
and she and her daughters went to
the kitchen. Edmund came to the
kitchen several times but he did not
leave lfne 1house. She didn't see that
white-handled pistol in Edmund's
"He did not have it," the witnesses
hligham Tells Story
Bighan said that after paying off
the hands in the woods on the day
of the traigedy, lie and Smiley came
back to the house together. He had
no pistol. he said. "Smiley and my
self went ini the house to the dining
room. My wife, Margie and mother'
rwere in the room. The NcCracken
children were Jn the yard. My clil
dren were upstairs. I heard the niaiil
driver's horn ahd went out and got
the mail. There : was a letter ' for
Smiley. I gave the letter to him at
the -table. He was there figuring. I
went on 'upstairs to our bed room.
Wdien I came dovn, I went in the
dining rom to get a cork I used in
my radiator., Margio and Ma were
there. I pumped up a tire ahd my
wife and children got In -the car. Af
ter I 'backed out I saw Smiley stand
ing at the lot near where.the bees
were. The last time .I Etaw imiley he
was standing right there. - I drove on
to Foxworths and one of the Fox
worths' little boys went and called
his father. I told f1orworth I 'was not
going to haul any more wood to Pam
lico and arran-ged to have him haul
,and pile it in the woods. Then I
uvent back towards home. At the top
of the red hill -I saw Smiley)hiu hand
in front of him, going acrcss the road.
A-bout 150 yards from 'the house I
noticed mother. (Hers' the prisoner
showtal his grief and wapt. Alniost
with soba, he went on.) I saw iblood
on her face and on her clothes. I took
hold of her. She said, "Smiley han
shot us," or "Smiley has killed us.'
She said, "I want to lay down," and
I took her in the -back yard. She
said she wanted some water. At the
benche5 in the back yard- she rc
laxed and fell back. If she ever
breathed again, I don't know. I
think &'fr. Garrison was the first per
son to drive un I went out. to him.
Then Mr. hloyt tfBostlck drove uip."
We wvent to the back yard where
mamma was and something was said
-about -taking mamma into the house.
,We took hoer in and laidi her on the
bed. IWe went out again and got the
lIttle 'boy, who was lying on the back
porch, and put him on the bed 'with
mamma. After that I don't remember
exactly what happened excepit that
Arny F"oxworth drove up and I asked
him to 'go up the road and tell the
people and tell them to come there.
Then a negro man and woman drove
up. F"inally the man camne hack and
took the woman away.
"Later I saiw a mule and buggy be
longing to the estate behind the wood
ipile. I saw~ a ne'gro come andi get It..
If that negro had look ed he would
have seen that little boy. When Mr.
.Illaiyes andl thle others came somebody
sa,d they heard groans and they
found tihe little boy. They took him
in the house after I had asked someC
b~ody to go for Doctor Poston."
"\Vell now, about your sister," raild
"I asked them to look fot' her'.;
calledl Margie about sundown. She'
(11( not answer. I 'went all around
the outbullsdinigs, looking for her'.
About sundown I asked Ni r. Mel vini
Brown to go .wvith me mupstairs andi we
found Margie leaning over the little
trunk in which she kept the little
boys' clothes. There was .blood beside
'Ieere the prisoner broke down agaL'
and wept. his voice trembling wIth
"I asked Dr. Poaton wh'len he came
not to spare anything to save the lit
tle child. When he started a'way I
'went to 'the car and asked him to
enme hack to that little child andi he
diud. The little boy was dead. I
stayed in the sitting i'oom all night.
my wife, the two girls, myself and the
neighbors and Jint Ilurch.
About I1 o'clock Mr. McCracken
and anothe'r young man Came in. It
was -the fir'st t ime I r'feuembe seeing
Mrt. MicCracken. lie asked to see the(
lit tie bmoy and sorne one wvent with
him. After dayli~ght .\1'. 'Fioweri and
I went out. 1 Op~ene(d the blinds and
we went to the tot, lie says .I 'gave
him a pistol, ,I take hui' word for' it.
I don't kniow. I went to the kitchen
and was there ilfteen muinutes andl I
wvent and told them breakfant was
reoady. As I remember, all of them
were at breakfast. I stayed .right
there within tihe' yard. Between me
and my Goed. I never 'went out of ,that
yarid from the, ime till Aundav 'night.
.I don't. reiember - telting sebrher
the direction to take to tlnd Smil9y's
body. I did tell the direction I had
seen hin going."
13ghaim never answered the ques
tion as. 'o why he had kept the deed
until all the inemberp of the fanily
hud died before offering it .for record,
lie denied that any erasures had been
madc in the paper or any datet
changed. lie denjed writing any notes
to his wife and declared he was inno
eent of any crime.
Other witnesses for the defense to
day offered testimony attempting te
"lhow that Smiley Bigham- was insane,
and that his father before him was
also crazy. 'Phis is one of the points
the defene is seeking to estarblishi.
One witness declared, and he was
substantiated by another witness, -that
he heard a shot in the direction
Smiley Bigham had taken when 'he
wient into the woods. The shot was
heard at 7 o'clock that night.
Senator D. Gordon Baker, of the
firm of Whiting and Baker, testified
tonight that his firill had advised
Smiley Bighinam that the statue of
limitations *hisd run out in the case
of the alleged postoflice shortage of
$700 referred to by 'iddmund Bigham
in his testimony and that he had noth
ing to fear from either a criminal or
a civil rioceeding in respect of it.
This :was as far back as last Octo
ber said Senator Baker.
S 1PECIAL NOTICES. $
Lost-On Ohurch street -between
residences of Ralph Wilson and Hance
,Crews. a cameo pin. Finder please
return to nie at Palmetto Bank and
receive reward. T. I. Simpson.
Cars Cheap-Used Fords, Max-wells,
Chevrolets. Overlands, from $200 ip,
Cash or terms. Sumerel Motor Co.
Buggles und Wagons Cheap--We are
now offoring for cash during the next
two weeks a few buggies and wagons
at less than cosit. T. B. Sumerel.
LostL-iLst Friday niight in court
house, small .black snapped Ipurse with
two $1.00 bills, ten or fifteen cents
and sone receipts -with my name on
them. Please return to Mrs. Ina S.
Irby, Pluss street, Laurens, S. C.
For Trade-Wo have some new -bug
gies and wagons which we will either
soll or trade. Will trade vehicles for
cars or cars for vehicles. Come along
with -your trading goods.- T. B. Sum
Seed Cotton-43eginn 4.gy Friday,
.April Ist, we -will buy 's ed cotton.
Eichelberger 1ros., on old depot lot.
For Sale-One 1920 Ford roadster in
good conditions. Good 'tires. Write P.
0. Box 344, or phone 278. Auto Vat
tery Service Station. 37-It-pd
F Notice-All persons are forbidden
from hauling sand from my pasture
%or other lands on Gor4on street. J. L.
Cars Painted-Come tb Sumerel
Motor Co. and have a- factory painter
mace a new car out of your old one,
by painting it right. Sumerel Motpr
Notice-[ have a nice lot of pure
Cleveland Big Boll cotton seed. These
were kept clean from any mixture and
I offer them for 11.00 per bushel. I
also have a lot of Wannamnaker's 1919
seed that cost ine $4.50 per bushel and
freight last naring. These' are thd
finest seed I ever saw. I made 1,300
lbs. of lint cotton on one acre. Any
one wanting any can get theyjn for
$2.50 per bushel. See me or write me.
M. A. Sumerel, Laurcns, S. C., Ruite2.
Building Material-Soe me for all
kinds of building material. Just re
ceived shipment of .brick, limo and
cement. C. H1..D~ukett. 36-5t-pd
For -Sale-Marlboro Prolifid seed
corn. .Been planted one year, $2.00
per -bushel. Z. H-. Tinslcy. Ljaurens
Rt. 5. 36-2t-pd
Wanted-To buy your chickens. Best
market prices paid. Any quantity.
Armstrong's Market. 35-5t-pd
For Sale--500 bushels Cleveland Big
Boll Cotton Seed. First year from the~
originator, 75c iper bushel. C. .\. Ow
ens. Clinton, S. C. 31S
Noticm'-I have arranged to bem in
Laurens two (lays each month. If your
piano needs tuninag leave order with
S. M. & 10. H1. Wilkes & (0c. 0. M.
Trully, Piano Tuner. 28-tf
Eggs For Sale- -Rhode Island Reds
(Reds that stay red). $2.00 for 15.
W. Rt. McCuen, Laurens. 28-tf
0. Langdon Long
ATITORNEY AT LAW
Enterprise NationalBank Building
All Legal Business Given
Dr. T. L. Timmnerman
Laurens, South Carolina
Office In Peoples Bank Building
Simpson, Cooper & Babb
sAcorneva at Law.
W11t Practiee in all State ECourts
Prompt Attention Given All Btusiness
G~ ASOLINEJ SYSTEMS
ilTnks and Pumps, Air Com
pressors, Computing Scales, Floor
Scales, Show Cases, Account Rog
isters, Rebuilt Casli Registers,
Safed. Store FIxtures.
TJ1E HAMII/TN SALES CO.
- olumbia. R. C.
O W EN OROS. MARB E
& GRANITE CO.
Dealers in everything for the "eme
The largest and best equipped nion
umental mills In the Carolinas.
GREENWOOD, - S. C.
Do not forget that we have a large and twell assorted stock of all
kinds of Belting, P11pe, Valves, Fittings, Iron, Steel, Shafting, Pul
leys and Hangers, Bolts, Nuts and Washers and anything else you
may need In the way of machinery supplies at present low prices.
Columbia Supply Company
828 Gervals Street, COLUMBIA, S. C.
With Dreadnaught Plates
Six nations use Gould Batteries as standard equipment on sub
marines. 80 per cent of the battleships of the world are equipped
with Gould' Batteries. When Gould Batteries are selected bv na
tions of the world as undoubtedly the ibest tBattery .made, it stands
to reason that the discriminating car will select this Battery also.
Complete Service Station
AUTO BATTERY SERVICE
Opposite Bremlett's Shop Laurens, S. C.
Phone 278 R. Leo Johnson. Prop.
Have Your Piano Tuned Now
This is the time. of,:year when everyone is planning to have
their piano tuned. Wie suggest that :you get your order in tefore
the rush begins. We now have our own tuner ahd quarant e.his
work. It the people of Laurens 'will st4nd .by me, I, will have their
piano work done at reasonoble, prices. It. -is ,bettor to .have o -
mat tlat. understands .his -busineasg and understands your plaio, to
do your work. We have arranged :with Prot. A. M Golden, an ex
port in tplano tuning, to' make 'this place, twice a year. W e ,
have.'yoit' piano -gone over every.pring and fa .a.repsonable prices
if you waiCt to contract -with us,. that way, or -will let our niar see
you and arrange with you personally.
See Us at Our Store or Phone Us At Once
Phone No. 291
LAURENS MUSIC CO.
WRIGHT-SCRUGGS SHOE CO.
All that'% new and stylish
in women's and children)'s
shoes, men's oxfords, hos-.
Satin Strap Pumps
High or Low Heels Black or Browa
For Men, Women and Children
In Silk or Lisle; Plain or Fancy Styles; All Colors.
WRIGHT-SCRUGGS SHOE CO.
SPARTANBURG, S. C.
Prompt Mail Order Service.