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VOLUME Xvi--XXVII. LAURES , SOUtu CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1922.
TEN STEPS TO P
The Soil lim: roverent Coninittee,
of Atlanta, a., menbers of which are
nrw to1iring1t the eastern ipart of South
C'arolina on an anti-boll weevil cam
'paign, has recently published it small
'palphlet ilving ten steps In fighting
the boll weevil. These steps if follow
ed closely in every detail, I believe will
help farmers to make a good crop of
cotton in spite of the boll weevil.
There has been a -time when we could
make good fruit without spraying the
fruit trees, but that time has past. The
same thing is tdue with making cot
ton.. We must change our methods of
anaking cotton, but we can continue to
make cotton 'by waging a fight against
the boll nweevil.
The following are the ten steps that
must be taken under 'boll weevil con
ditions in order to make a #good crap
1. !Plant fewer acres.
3. 'Use earlyl varieties.
13. 'Use aarly varieties.
4. Plant early. I
5. Fertilize liberally.
6. Cultivate frequently.
7.. Kill early weevils.
S. Gather damaged squares.
1). iLearn to poison.
Destroy stalks earlly.
It is not 'advisablo to grow more
(-han eight or ten acres of cotton to
the plow, and if labor is scarce-five tor
six acres to the plow will .'be enough
to undertake. Of course by reducing
cotton acreage there will be consider
able land left which should be ,planted
to food and feed crops for man and
beast. A system of crop rotation
should be practiced in which money
crops other than cotton can be used.
il ai recommending the folloawing ro
tation for general practice in Laurens
First year, cotton to be plowed un
.der in. October after picking and fol
Iowed with wheat and oats. Second
year, wheat and oats followed w.ith
cowpeas and soy beans. The soy beans
will make a good supplementary
money crop and they can be economi
cally harvested with a Little Giant
Bean Harvecter. The cowpeas and
soy beana should be followed in -the
fall With crimson clover or rye and
vetch. Third year, the crimson clover
or rye and votch are plowed under and
corn is .planted. Velvet beans should
be planted in the corn. The velvet
beans can be -grazed by cows and hoegs
during the fall and Winter or they
can be plowed under for hoil improve
ment. This land -wil be ready for cot
ton again the fourth year and should
mole a good crop of cotton with very
little fertilizer other than 300 lbs of
16 per cent acid iphosphate to the
acre, as the crop rotation recommend
ed will improve the soil very rapidly
if carried oit.
The seed bed should lbe prepared
early so that it will be -well settled by
planting time. Heavy land should be
broken in the fall, ad sandy soills
should be broken in early sprin'g.
Early fruliting varieties of cotton
abould be planted in order that~ a
large amount of fruit will be set 'be
fore the boil weevils have become suf
'ficiently numerous to be most seri
ous, which usually occurs 'by August.
According to variety tests that thave
Ibsen conducted by the different ex
'periment stations in this state, thie
Clbyeland Big 13011 is the beet short
etaple "cotton for wilt free land, and
.Webber 49 and Deltatype Webber are
the best long staple varieties.
Cotten should be iplanted as early as
possible wilthout~. risking damaige by
frost. Earliness is important. A good
stand should be secured from the first
planting ,If possible, as the replanted
cotton will be too late. A thorough
preparation of the seeI 'bed will help
in gettinga, good stand, , The incor
porationl of orgaic matter in thad soil
through the crop Totation recommend
ed will cause the soil to get warm
earlier in the spring, atid help in se
euring a good stand fr'om the :first
Since considerabli .Work is neces
eary to make~ cotton under boll weevil
edd4 *rop in ol'der t44 t~~o uit'
- rqed amotiit fblab4t
dehnja nkinehe eup, the
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[G BOLL WEEVIL
Sside application mlay .be 111ad( at the
time the cottonl is 'lthinned or about
11wo weeks aitcr i He cotton comes up.
Late applicatiouis of soda will delay
maturity and cause . excessive boll
weevil damage. 'TFlairly liberal appli
cations of acid phosphate at planting
time or previous to planting will has
'ten the maturity of the cotton, and
this is very desirable under boll wee
vil conditions. Moro detailed informa
tion concerning fertilizers will be giv
en by the county agent If requested.
Frequent cultivation is important.
This is one reason why it is neces
sary to reduce the amount of acreawge
to the 'plow. The crop should be cul
tivated every week or ten days from
the very beginning.
It is important tihat the weevils ;be
killed when they Jirst come out of win
ter quarters, because to kill one weevil
at that time is worth killing thousands
a few, weeks later. The early weevils
woull be found on the terminal buds
of the young cotton even before the
squares begin to form. They will be
found in spots or restricted areas near
the woods, hie y 'stacks, buildings, etc.,
or other places where they may -have
spent the winter. These small arens
may 'be either poisoned early or the
weevils may be picked off by hand.
All the early weevils will not be
found. As soon as infested squares
aire (iscovered in the field these should
be picked off and -burned. "When the
squares flare open and turn brown, it
is a good ,ign that it is infested with
an immature weevil. Cleap labor
should be used in gathering squarCs,
as the ploiv' hands ohould be kept busy
with, the plows. This work should be
(lone during June and July, at inter
vals or three.or four days.
Poisoning is still in the experimen
tal stage, but good results have been
secured with calcium arsente dust
where directions have been closely foil
lowed. It will be well for a f~w farm
ers in every community to try the
poisoning method onl and that will
normally ainke as much as a ibale of
cotton per aere. It will not be neces
sary to pick squares where the poison
is used. No farmor should undertake
to use poison unless he is willing to
follow instructions to the letter. The
most effective and cheapest poison is
calcium arseante dust. Information
chn be secured from the county agent
concerning metfhods of application.
'It is possible that some of us are
counting too much on the fact that
cotton stalks have been plowed under.
The more plowing under of cotton
stalks is not worth very much. The
principal advantage that comes from
plowing under cotton stalks is in do
etroying the food and breeding place
of the weevil earlier than the frost
will destroy it. To get efficient results
-from plowing under cotton stalks, they
should be plowed under about two
_weeks before the first frost. This will
Cause many .weevIl igrubs to be de
stroyed tihat might otherwise mature
a~nd pass through the winter, and will
diestroy the food of the weevil -and,
cause him to go into winter quarters
hungry, and less capable of living un
til the next spring.
There are many farmers in' the boll
weevil territoryr whlo made mnore than
a 1bl of cotton per acre, last year 'by
carrying out' thep lan outlined above,
whaile their neighbors made only one
or two bales ,to the plow by follov~wing
the old methods. Let us flot be dis
couraged. ~Wie can make cotton under
'boll -weevil eonditionis, but we must
fight the Ibol1' weevil 'all the year.
J. 111. TIlVATHIAN,
CHILD'S BOWELS WITHf
CMJiFORNI.A FIG SYRUP
Hlurry motheri 'Even *a 'sick clii
ovste"fruity" taste of "Californiae
*i DYUJ and it never fails to opei
th ho.* A '~apqful 'td may
'p~vitA uk ohilu morr . ' f -con
std b au fo'ote3,(frfful, has
it~lbb~ lith a borole.s e
d fI'gine "Call-.
of ally ages
RAYS 1) F0JLI,01V
Ll'1IHE OF ii.: SCR.EEN
Po~~nue -tral Will Leave 0ab1
net. oes Into Aovies,
Washingto1 .ia. l-1.--1Intentionl of
Pustmiiaster General ilays to retire
from tie abinet in tle near futulre
to becole le directing head of an a;
!sOciationl of miOtjoii pictjlure producers
and distributors, Was alnnloulnlce(l today
at tihe White Hiouse at the conclusoIon
Of a colfereieo between Presideit
liarding and the postmaster general.
P1resideit illarding, in a 'statement,
declared he could not "well interpose
any objection to Air. Ilays' retiring
f'rom the cabilnet to -take up a work so
important," while Mr. llays, stating he
had decided to accept the offer of the
motion picture interests, made it clear
that as yet no contract had been ex
ecuted. The postmaster general, how
ever, expressed confidence that a sat
isfactory contract could -be agreed
Representatives -of motion picture
producers and distributors have been
negotiating for the services of the
postmaster general for some t.ime and
are understood to have outldned to Mr.
Hays what they wish thim tounder
take. 'Within a few days he expects to
confer again with them, probably in
New York, and unless something tnt
foreseen develops, it is expected that a
contract will be signed at the meeting.
The date of his retirement from the
cabinet, 2Ir. nays said, would depend
largely on 'the wishes of his iiprospec
tive emlployei's. -He declared, how
ever, 'lie Would not give up his gov
ernment duties until the president has
had time to select his successor. It
was satid at the White louse that notli
ing would be done toward selection of
a new postnmaster general until Mr.
Hays .formally tenders his resigna
The president personally gave out
the following statement:
"The postmaster general and I have
been discussing at considerable length
the 1rooaw 'which has beni illde to
im to become -t he head of :1 a ationl
assorntio of millloit icitlre prodlui.
(3r%1 111d dis1tributors. If III, arrall'e
1*1 %"rove to be. When,, the dctails"
a workled out, wvlat il ems to be,
calln not %%.ell Interoe ally ohjee
t ion to Alr. Jlays retiring fromt the cab
iiet. to take u111 a work so imiportanit.
It is too great an olpportunity for a
lifuil public serv ice for hii to re
L shall be more thlu sorry to have
himt retire from the cabinet where lie
has already nado so fine a record,
but we have agreed to' look upon the
situation from tho lbroadest viewpoint
and seek the highest public good."
Mr. Hays made this statement:
"With the president's consent I have
leclded to undertake the work sug
gested -by the motion picture produc
3rs and distributors. No contract has
been executed as yet. I am assuming,
1f course, that a, satisflactory contract
will be possiblo and one which will
iake certain the carrying out of the
Ulgh purposes contemplated by -this
USE SLOAN'S TO
EASE LAME BACKS
.TOU can't do your best when
1 your back and . every muscle
aches with fatigue.
Apply Sloan's Liniment freely, with
out riabbing, and enjoy a penetrative
glow of warmth and comfort.
Good for rhieumatisim, neuralgia,
sprains and strains, aches and pains
sciatica, sorc muscles, stiff joints and
the after effects of weather exposure.
For forty years pain's enemy. Ask
your neighbor. Kccp Sloan's handy.
At all druggists-35c,170c, $1.40.
First, .1922, S
duction in the
uary First, 1 9
" llN Wil jO t I ii; I - - - - -
If you intend to put up a building
or have a repair job ahead of you, you'll be
wise if you promptly decide to use genuine
THE WOOD ETERNAL"
It's common knowledge with people who are
posted that Cypress buildings provide poor
picking for people who enjoy repair jobs.
Cypress averts repair bills.
Maybe your work won't need the higher
grades of Cypress. So much the better for
Your lumber dealer knows what's what. Tell
him what you intend to build or repair, and,
"The grade you need is the grade you'll get."
These are "dollar-stretching" days with prudent people.
And don't worry. You'll not be sacrificing everlasting
ness by using the lower grades of "Tide Water" Cypress.
Buy it by the trade-mark, shown below, on every board
Write us for list of FREE PLANS for farm buildings.
Southern Cypress Mfrs.'Assn. 1a . 'T
s53 GArahiam H1idg.. Jacksonville, Fla. i;bytis n'mark
YOUR LOCAL DEALER WILL SUPP'LY YOU. IF HIEAST NUICRSSLTSINO TOCE _______
e on February
Price of Their
e From Jan
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