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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, March 03, 1886, Image 1

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AC. JONES, Pub. and Proprietor. UFamily Paper Decoted to Literature.Jiiscellany, News, Agriculture,
VO. XXI.N.EWBERRY, S- C., WEDNrpitESDArY, MDARvI-I 3, 1886. No. 9
Xe'berr . S. C.
TERxz.-0iic year, $2; six months
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Forward the monev for renewal at least
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square the first insertion, aid . 50 ets. per
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for each insertion for one month, longer
at inch rates, w:th 25 percent added.
S-Areasonable rednction made for ad
rcrtisements by the three, six, or twelve
"Count in forSimon-Pure Far
mers' Convention."
February 12th, 1886.
Hon. J. N. Lipscom.
DEAr Sin: Pardon the liberty I
take in writing to jou on a personal
matter, yet when looked at from all
sides it is hardly personal. Your
open, manly, courageous advocacy of
farmers' rights has commanded the
admiration of our farmers over here,
and made us feel a public interest in
you and a desire to see you continued
in high place.
A good many over here have ex
pressed the hope that you would
throw the weight of your influence
toward the Farmers' Convention,
though Tillman did scratch you a
little over here. He wrote me he re
gretted having to do it, but could
not help it, to keep from being per
sonal towards others. lie said you
alone spoke for his resolutions.
The wave, I believe, will sweep the
State and we want you to go with- us,
and unless you do I fear you will get
eft Please, now, don't think me
presnmptuous or inclined even to
dictate or advise, where you alone
have a right to choose. My simple
interest in you as our old leader
prompts me to thus write you. You
may, for all I know, have already
- crossed the rubicon, but have not seu
it. I feared the pressure around you
among the ofBee-holders might keel)
you from acting till some would say
you were driven into it, though I
know your independent spirit don't
run in that line.
A good many prominent grangers
over iere urged me to drop you a
line, so do please don't misconstrue
my motive and take offence, where
we wish to help you and show our
regard. Our county is going solid
~> for the Farmers' Convention.
Yours very truly,
COLUMBIA, S. C., Feb., 18, 1886.
Mr DE-Ant Sra: There was no lib
erty taken in your writing to me as
you did in yours of the 12th, and no
apology is needed. I am glad to re
* ceive a letter expressing such consid
eration for me, and reognizing my
honest efforts in the past in behalf'
-. of the agriculture and farmers of' the
* State.
It was and is a labor of los e to me.
and after some thirty years spenRt in
that way I feel no inclination or
reason to change. I am just as deeply
interested in and as lovally devoted
to the agricultural interests and
classes of the State and county now
* as I ever have been, and I am ready
and anxious to work zealously and
independently in promo:ing their wel
fare. None know better thtan von and
your fellow farmers of how
for years I have urged the vital need
of organizati<p] of' the farmers of the
State and nation. This I still deem
most essential to any' scheme. policy
or plian that will suiccessfully advanice
their true interest,,and consequently
thec true and best interests of the en
tire country and whole people.
To secure this I should say that as
an important auxiliary, co-operativeC
machinery or strengthening adjunct,
a convention composed of farmers
representing farmers, knowing what
is due to farmers, and at t,he same
timne due to others, ready to demand
what is due themselves and deter
mined to ae:ept no less, ready to
recognize and respect the rights of
others. ready to assume a policy true,
honest, just and fair'. ready to reform
and improve the laws, customs and
sy stems that govecrn and afTect agri~
riculture and farmers instead of' des
troying them, wcuid be extremely
desirable and eminently heneficial.
This, I, von and others have for years
been trying to do through the grange
A othe,. agricultural nonizationsr
with. I contend. signal though partial
success. Such a convention I shall
hail with joy, and to such I will give
my most cordial support and zealous
aid. But to a convention to be call
ed and controlle(l. appointed and or
-anized by Mr. B. R. Tillman. who
has outraged all the courtesies -ind
decencies of life. who has shown an
utter recklesness in his assertions
an( insinuations as to men and
things. who wants to do nothing good
but what you and I and nany other
farmers have been for years workin
for; 'but, I fear. de-ires to pull down,
destroy and obliterate everythint and
everybo(dy', from iIampton and 1De.
mocracv down to himself and chaos;
who is an avowed destructionist in
stead of constructionist, who asserts
that no ina in the State. farner or
other, has ever been put in office that
did not at once and then become dis
loyal, corrupt and veual; who pro
poses to dlestroy all the institutions
established for the benefit of the
farmers by others, and has lothingy
to replace them with except a college
with him as trustee; who, from self
deficiency, cannot realize in any
other, purity of motive or honesty of
purpose. To such a convention call
ed and manipulatad by such a man
for such purposes, I and you and the
farmers of the State cannot look for
help or good.
You say, --Mr. Tillman wrote mc
lhe regretied having to attack vou,
but could not help it to keep from
being personal towards others.
"Ile said vou alone spoke for his
resolutions." Still he denies my
honesty of purpose, purity of motive,
loyalty to my class, and insinuatcs
that I am a corrupt politician, work
ing in the harness of a ring, and for
it betraying the trusts placed in my
hands by both the farmers and the
Democrats of South Carolina. Such
a man can be no "Moses" for me,
nor can he safely be for any portion
of the farmers of this State. So, for
a real simon-)ure farmers' conven
tion, just count me in for all I am or
ever expect to be, but for "M1oses"
TilHman and what he "bosses" count
me out.
I have written you plainly, tcr it is
my way, and due, under the circum
stances. As soon as the proceedings
of the recent session of the State
Grange are printed, I will send you
a copy, and ask you to read my ad
dress, which is a part of' my public
oficial record. As to myv being con
tiniued in~ ofilee it is for the peCople to
say'. A~s incumbent I make no claim
over any other good D)emocrat. M1x
only plea is honesty, rndelity, loyalty
and duty do:ie. Whenever dismisse'
I am ready' to retire to the ranks of
the farmers and D)emocrats without
question or mnurme'r. But I have toc
much faith in the people of' Sonti
Carolina to think I am to be punished
for not admitting -or accepting MIr
B. R. Tillman as the -"Moses" and
leader of th1e farmers or peCople o
this State.
TLie importance I attach to the in
tere ns of our class is my' only apology
for the lengthm of this le'tter. As]
feel hound to freely and fully givC
my views on questions of' publi
policy when asked to do so. us in this
case. and have nothing to conlceal
vou are at liberty to mnake this letter
as public as y'ou chotose.
With the kindest wishes an'i the
higheilst regaris for von andt myV man'
friends in your section. I am.
cery re spectfully and f'rater'nallxy
Crack YourWhp
Som of the fecrtilizer' compni
are mad beeause we puished the'
wares in the fraud-s list a wee'k ',
two ago). and onie agent wvent So in
as to say we ought to he jurosecuite:
for libel. All rigrht. G o taea
such talk doi't frightenQt us worth 1
cent. Radical ras'::ds here in iur
aneburgz hare li on us and threat
en ed' us ti i' a nd again . because w.'
have expiosedl their rascalities. but i
did not have a feather's weicit wit:
us. We went righit on. calling
spade a spade, and a thief a thief
and we expect to do it to the end 01
Ithe chapter. This paper is published
in the intc.rest of Lthe best peopl~e oe
Ithis cou;ntx'. and it makes to dier
ene to us wvhat the conseQuene('ni
may be. we exuect to discharge- on
duty' f'aithfully andt aearlessly to thn
pu!e Al we have to say~ is. thai
if' any of ti'' fer lzer comnIa:.>'
w'nt to sue. et 'he crack the:
wan he to sIll :n honetst art:c
th y'ear. or th:ey' mi.:,bat 'Jot get mai
foitext falli. Thae eyes ofth
r. - a.e -o re n nou-. and d*on't vol
Defieient but not nece-arily Fraudu-I
lent. Farmers Paying for what
they di(d not get.
1ELoW THE 3I. F.TI'-Wl:
In his report to the Comnissioner
of Agricultur October 31. 1F5. the
State Chemist in speaking of the an
alvsis of fertilizers says: "Ihe nu1m
ber of sai)me-s (efi'10iet, that is. fall
ing be!ow the manuifacturers guar
antee. in one or more constituents, is
so large that I feel it to be my duty c
to call your especial attention to the
iuatter. Of the ninety-three amm11onia
ted fertilizers anavzed, thirty-seven.
or 397 per cent. of the whole number 1
were deficlent. Of the forty acid phos- n
phates. eight, or 2) per cent, were de- n
ficient. Lis proportion is so large
as to merit vour serious considera- I
tion. In these estimates are inclu- i
ded all samples deficient in any re- i:
spect, whether the deficiency be great V
or small." The following is a full
list of the different brands that are u
referred to in the above extract from I
the State Chemist's report.
Alkaline G uano.-Deficient in
phosphoric acid .14 per cent., but .4 e
per cent. above guarantee in potash,
and .38 per cent. above in equivalent [
to ammonia.
Ashley Cotton and Corn Co.
pound.-.110 per cent. below guaran- 1)
I tee in potash. but .74 per cent. above e
in phosphoric acid. Ammonia up to
A-1hley Solubl,e Guano.-.21 per I
cent. below -n ainnonia, but 1.12 per 1
cent. above in phosphoric acid. and r
1.42 per cent. above in potash.
Brown Bro's Standard Ammoni
ated Fertilizers.-.16 per cent. below
in phosphoric acid, but .21 per cent.
above in ammonia. and .39 per cent. i
I above in potash.
Colgate Manure. (Canton's).-03
per cent. below in ammouia. but .0
per cent. above .in phosphoric acid,
and !.30 per cent. above in potash.
Crescent Bone L1ertilizer.-1 > c
per cent. below in phosphoric acid,
.14 per cent. below in ammonia. .47 C
per cent. below in potash.
Domestic Ammoniated Fertilizer.
.25 per cent. below in ammonia. .86
per cent. below the potash. but 2.15 1
above in phosphoric acid.
Ed(tvstone Soluble Gu ano.-.02 :
per cent. below in potashi. 1.12 per
cent. above in ammonia, and .78
per cen. aor in phshoi acid.c
F-alisto Ammnon iated Fertilizer.
1.29 per cent. below in ammnon ia, but
4.26 per cent. above in phosphoric
acid andV .1:3 per cent. above in p)otash.
E.Frank Coe's Ammconiated Pone
Sup)erph!osphiate.-.a per cent. be-.
low in phosphorie acid, .50 per cent.
above inl ammonia.
E-verctt's liigh Grade Fertilizer. t
.0:0 per cent. below in ammionia, 1.82
per cent. ini phosphoric ac:id, .:30 per
cent. in potash.
Ezell's A mmioniated Bone Super
plhosphate.-.05 per cent. below inl
potash. .04 per1 cent. above in ph:os(
phreacid. and .sO per cen it. aibove(
inl aimnonia.
GTeoriIa A mnlia ted 110ne Super.
phosphate.-.!' per cent. below in
ash. ar.d 1 41 per cent. above ii phos
nhoric acid.
Gjoriant.r's Bone Fertilizer.-.30
-per cent. below in ammniai. .24 per
cent. abo(ve ini 1j. 4ash. n Iu 1.30pe
cent ab,ove ini phosphorie acid.
1 io;'len. Spencer Co's. AmmnIom
atedl'hsphae.-1.0 per cent. be
low in potashi. .40) per cent. nbovr-i
ph oshorie acid. ani .41 per cent.
iluc t' SAmm~on;ated Dissolie -
-one.-27 p,er ce-nt. helow in phosc
phri Wi. 1.10 per cent. above in
po0 h :md1 07 pe cent above in
-Inman'-,s Mion arch Gu 1n.-.40 pe
cent. below in phlosphorie nel .7
per' cent above in amnm;oniam. and .30
per- ceni. ablove in p'tnsh.
JoneIs & il.obertson's A mmniated
Cmpond.-.57 per- cent. hlow in~
ammnon!ia. .01 ner cent. above in pot-I
ash, and .RS pr cent. above in phs
phoric acid.
W. '. Ligzon & Cos D)issolved
BOne.-01 per cent. hc-low in phos
phiori acid. .1i per cent. in otsh
and~ .- me cen.t. above in a?mimona.
'. S. I(n o.'s Standard-'
cet helow in ammont:'ia. .71 percet
he.- in 'p1ooi.c ac:*2, and .43 pa
cent. h-cuo' inp" ah
sol: -lne.-1.l icpr cent. beow
in pp:oric ei . .04 e cr{
aior inammoia.:ad 57 er cent.
abv in potsh.
Owl Brn Guno.-17 per cent.
beo in ammna..70i per cent.1
- e.above in pohorca.,an 0 e
Peruvian GUano.-2A.0 per cent.
elow in phosphoric acid, and .0S
er cent. below in ammonia.
Plow Brand 1 Raw Bone Superphos
hate.-.201 per cent. below in phos.
horie acid. .42 per cent. above in
innionia. and .05 per cent. above in
Reliance Ammoniated Superphos.
hat.-.:3 per cent. below in phos
1,orie acid. .16 per cent. above in
1mMonI. aid .:19 per cent. above in
ota Sh.
ichland's Prid.-.21 per cent.
e1ow in phosphoric acid, .33 per
ent. in ammonia, and .15 per cent.
bove in potash.
iussel' C,e's A nmoniated "Bone
uperphosphate.-1.89 per cent. be.
>w in phosphoric acid, .80 pe:- cent.
bove in ammonla. and .87 per cent.
bOve- in potash.
Sea Gull Ammoniated Dissolved
one Phosphate.-.4 7 per cent. below
a Phosphric acid, .10 per cent. above
a ammonia, and .69 per cent. above
a potash.
Seal. Lawson Kessler & Co.'s Am
Inoiated B)one Superphosphate.
.9 3 per cent. below in phosphoric
cid, .48 per cent. above in ammonia.
Stono Soluble Guan'o.-1.49 per
ent. below in phosphoric acid, .24
er cent. above in ammonia, and 2.42
er cent. above in potash.
Stackhouse & lolliday's Iligh
rlale Ammnonlated Phosphate.-.1-2
er cent. below in potash, 1.25 per
ent. in pliosphoric acid. and .24 per
ent. above in ammonia.
Wagener's Amnmoniated Dissolved
one.-.0:3 rer cent. below in ammo
in. 1.02 per cent. above in phospho
ie acid, and .:31 per cent. above in
Wilcox, Gibbes & Co.'s Manipu
ated Guano.-.45 per cent. below in
hosphoric acid, .6:3 per cent. above
n ammonia, and .56 per cent. above
n potash.
Brown Bros. Standard Acid Phos
bate.-.17 per cent, below in phos
horic ac(.
Diamond Soluble Bonc-1.3G per
ent. below in phosphoric acid.
)unI can's Acid Phosphate-.27 per
ent. below in potash.
Farr & Thompson's Acid Phos
hate-.46 per cent. below in potash.
Georgia Chemical Works Acid
hosphate-.02 below in potash.
Russell Coe's blone Superphos
hate-.'-2 per cent. below in phos.
>horic acid.
Stono DJissolved Bone-.75~ per
ent. below in phosphoric acid.
Wilcox. (Gibbs & Co.'s Superph~os
>hate-.:10 per caut. below in phos
horie acid.
We have given the analysis of. the
hove fertilizers to show in what con-~
ttuents they fall short of their guar
ntee. Yiou will see that there are
mi a few that fall ibelow in all of
he constituents. at the same time the
malsis is based upon the claim and
~uarantee that no portion of their
ertilizers will fail below a certain
>r cent. To Illustrate: The Ash
ey Pho.-phate Co.. of Char!eston. S.
uano co>n:anins not less than 8.00
)er cent. of avail able phosph:orie acid.
.50 per cent. of ammnonia and 1.50
er cent. of potash. (K 2 0)- The
apjle analyzedi was taken] from a
t at.'-um'ter. S. C., in Feb1ruary.
$5. and contained 9.12 per cent. oi
hosperic acid. 2.29 pe cent. of
un Ioni a. and 2.92 per cent. of potalsh
K 20(). Ift is therefore .21 per cent.
elow in anunlon]ia and 1.12 per cent.
md 1. per cent. above in potash,
While~ wet: d not recomm'.end
.v h crti I e;rs inlludedI in th e
- e'oin li-,t at th s:n timie we
'ee it i e *la, t a th\ ier s ouldi
myeth hedi of wha~tever advan
'1 ther may .e insown their
iefi!enie as compared1 with others.
t wonai I e well for the farmiers to
eramad bythe State chemt he-)
abld slee- the hi:et ra s
ro hlr2ge numbIer of brands
'iCre on'ij te markect. T here arc a
rrcat many of the fertilizers whinch
re but little abo(ve the minimum
rarantee in one or more constitu
?ts. but enough above. to keep ofi
>f th lack list. We have a limited
umb:'er of the pamnphlets. giving tie
iersis and conm:nercial values of
:)ommercial fel tilizers and ci:eicals
.I b anufIact urer's inuniunum guar
E. M., ChemIiSt o; the Agricultural
Department, which will be furnished
'rec to farmers upon application at
Dii yon ever notice that the hiu-.
2st intimaev with the Divine secrets.
he clCsest feilowship with Jeovh
is marked with intense lowliness of
His Leadership Repudiated by a Dar
lington Farmer.
TA. Ih Editor of the Ke?cs wd Courier:
I am a farmer, but am decidedly
opposed tc, Mr. Tillman's movement
toward organizing farmers, as a
class, for carrving any public meas
ure, and I know that so far as my
section of South Carolina is con
cerned it is not looking for an agri
cultural Moses to lead us into the
Promised Land. We know very well
that the State is eminently an agricul
tural community, and we know equally
well that the Legislature of the State
is composed very largely of farmers,
and we are not aware that we have
any just reason to complain either of
the laws or their administration.
There is some difference of opinion
on the question of fr,e tuition in the
University, but I know of no one who
symnpathizes with the condemnation
of the whole concern. The institu
tion is popular with us and has just
about as much agriculture attached
to it as we think is necessary for a
college class to take in. We want
our sons educated in all that goes to
enlarge and strengthen the mind with
out any regard to what special busi
ness they are to follow. I have
asked several intelligent farmers if
they want to send their sons to an
agricultural college, and they all say
-No; we think if you will educate a
)oy as it is generally done in the
schools and colleges, that we can very
easily teach him the business of
growing crops ifl he is disposed to
The fact that a majority of the ed
.nated young men incline to other
professions than agriculture, we think,
is due to the fact that they suppose
I fame is more easily attained in other
professions and not to the fact that
they lack capacity for agricultural
pursuits. We know first-class farm
ers who have been educated in the
different colleges of the State, and
they like their business. What farm
ers want most is more general infor.
Ination such as men acquire by read
iig and study. If an agricultural
college would inspire us all to read
and think more it would certainly be
a good thling, but we fail to see how
it would do so any more than a gen
eral education in all the sciences.
IW hat we want in my country is
un agricultural experiment station
where imp)ortant problems shall be
solved for the information of the
whole community. We want all the
money raised by the pris ilege tax on
guano for the support of the agricul
tural bureau to be expanded by
thme bureau in conducting such ex
periments as cannot be safely en.
gaged in by the farmers themselves.
For instance. if the State had an ex
perimental farm, the question of to.
1 gnec.o-g,rowving could be settled once
for alh. and save p)erhIaps large loss
to farmers who are tempted to try
the experiment for themselves. I
regard with more interest the reports
of agricultural experiments than all
other ag.ricultural writings combined,
and I regrard rep)orts of agricultu
rail experiment stations, such as Ohio
and New; York have, as more impor
tatnt tn rep)orts of private experi
menrts. because individual experi
menters are more liable to jump at
If the State will pay the expense
of collecting the phosphate royalty
out o the royalty itself, and allow
tie 'gricultural bureau to spend all
te special fund raised by the privi
leetax on guano entirely in the in.
teres:t of the class which pays the tax,
we canI have one of the fmnest and
most useful experiment stations in
the United States.
We will be satisfied when this ar
ranement is made. We think it can
be made through our representatives
areadly in the Legislature without
any organization on our part and
without a general remodelFng of the
whole governmental machinery.
Lydi D)arlington; County, S. C.,
FebLruair 13.
W hbat' the use of closing the sa
ons on 'udy he police won't
o to chu rch anyhow. If the saloons
are op)en on Sunday the people know
right where to go when they want a
Anotherr year of progress, another year
.\eher yecar of proving His presence
aill the days;
An ther year of service, of witness for
i' love;
A other year of traininig, for holier worli
Pertinent Questions.
(Cor. Abbevife Press & Banner, Feb. 18
Sally Parks in a letter to the E
itor of the Abbeville Press and Ba
ner asks the editor who is Mr. B.
Tillman and whether his piece in t
News and Courier charging tl
State officers with being robbers ai
as conspiring to continue to rob
meant for our own home folks th
we have elected.
Please let me ask you a few que
tio-is, my dear Mister Editor, for n
poor head is nearly turned fro
reading the piece called -The Fv
mers' Fight," in your paper, whi<
you published on the 2rd of Februar
and which has the name, B. R. Ti
man, under it.
My name is Sally Parks, who ns
ried John Parks in the year th
Sherman burnt Columbia, and, as n
old man reads your paper, I gets tl
chance to find out what's going on I
reading the paper when he ge
through with it, and thaL's how
come to see that piece which I spol
I read that piece, and I read it, at
the more I read it, and read aboi
"Moses" and "farmers won't stick t
gether, they are such fools," ar
"misrule and robbery," and "bandE
with our enemies," and "cajolery ai
misrepresentation," and "ridicule
the more I got mixed up, and final]
says I to John: John, says I, who
B. R. Tillman ?
Now, Mister Editor, my John
what folks call a quiet, easy goir
kind of a man, till he gets startei
then lie's a whole team. IIe don
talk much, so, when I asked him th:
question, he just said, "Congres
man." "Congressman, John," sal
I, "where from ?" "Edgefield," sai
he. "Why John," says 1, "if he's fro
Edgefield, he must be a Democrat,
"Well Sally," says he, sort of dr
"he's a Democrat now, I reckon, but I
wouldn't a been in 'the dark days
'76,' as the politicians always say
speaking, if he had. wrote that pie
then." "But John," says I, "wh
does he want to be a 'Moses' in t]
bulrushes for ?" "A what ?" sa:
John, a squinting at me, "A Moses
says I. "Dunno," says he. "Ai
then, John," says I, "who does I
mean when he says, 'we can co
tinue our misrule and robbery?' "
dunno," says John. ",-Well," says
"he must. be a talking about somi
body else, for, if he is a Democr:
lie would not talk that way about ti
folks now in office. Have we ni
elected our own best men to officef
nearly ten years ? If there is 'mi
rule and robbery,' why don't the pe
ple turn 'em out ? Why don't
show whiere the 'misrule and rc
bery' comes in ? Let him show the
up, if he can, and the judges are
Democrats, and good men."
While I was a talking John ju.
set there a squinting at me, at
when I sorter stopped to cat
breath, "Sally," says he. "wiiat
thunder are ye talking about
"A bout 'The Farmers' Fight.' " sa
I, "what's printed in thi3 here i
per." "Let me see it," says he, a:
there he sat and read and read. at
the more hie read, the redder he g<
till I thought he'd bust, and nev
said a word, but only whistled like
"Well, John," says I, "what is it
"Office, Sally, office. 'Moses,' 'w:
out~ of the wilderness,' 'even I c:
lead you out,' 'trustee,' 'I am a ca
didate,' 'the ring which dominat
our State.' All them things, Sali
go to make up a stump speech. V
know stump speeches are made1
candidates. lie says 'measures a:
not men.' but I say men arc nect
sary to c arry out 'measures,' and
the 'fellows' cannot vote for 'old Ni,
himself,' why the natural cons
quence is, they will vote for the ne
best man, not as 'trustee of a re
farmers' college,' because there isi
such office, but fo,r the man who 1
them out of the pretended 'wildc
ness.' 'Agricultural Moses' 'proi
ised land of office,' 'everything
possible to the man who works at
waits, even the farmer.' 'Governo
'United States Senate.' I tell ye
Sally. that's a capital stump spec
to be spoke, but I would not like
write it down. That about 'the 60,01
white voters' who make a living
farming, and 'who pay thiree-fourt
of the taxes' won't bear scrutin
Just wait a minute, Sally, and I
show you."
Then John lie goes to the she
and takes down a book, which he g
in Columbia. --Now you see, Sali
this book shows that all the lan
and houses in the State are r
worth more than eighty-seven milli,
dollars together. It shows thatt
people who own property int
towns and cities pay taxes on nea:
thi+r millins of' that, anr1 it- sho
that the railroad people alone pay I
taxes on over forty-seven millions I
:b) of property, nearly as much as the d
d- farmers on their lands, so how can tl
n- the farmers pay -three-fourths of the b
R. taxes.' As to the '60,000 white vo- e;
,e ters who make a living at farming,' I p
.e cant see where they come from. I a
id wish we had them, but we haven't. n
is There is scarcely one million of men, ti
at women and childen in the State, and a
if you take the doctors, and preach- f:
ers, and lawyers, and merchants, and al
s- all the other pcople who don't make ai
a living at farming, and who live in t
m the cities and towns, and add to X
r- them lie negro vote, where will the lc
:h '60,000 white voters' who make a w
V, living at farming be ? And all that T
1- stuff about the 'the ring that domi- f
nates our State,' and 'misrule' and li
r- 'robbery,' is just as thin as the'three
It fourth of the taxes,' business, ~and si
ly the farmers won't bite, even if bi
ie "'they are such fools.'" fc
T So John lit his pipe and went m
ts about his business, but I was not sat
I isfied in my own mind because I y
e can't believe, Mister Editor, that what pi
that piece says is meant for our own s
d home folks that we have elected to d.
1O bold office. so I thought I would write c
D- you this letter, and ask you if that
.d piece means our own home folks, for d,
(I I know that you know all about it,
d and will let me know all about it
and set my poor heart at 'rest, and c
y by so doing you will do a great fa- s
is vor to your friend who signs her- n
self, t
i, (Cor. AbbeviIle Press & B.nner, Feb. 2.5tb.)
s- As I was sitting quietly last Friday
-s night at my house, thinking of our
s farm and my old horse Jim who is got
m the distemper, my old woman all of
a sudden says to me in a loud voice,
-Mr. Bigwater, who is this here Sal
ie Parks a writin' to the Press a.nd
f Banner about B. R. Tillman,?"
n This sorter took me unbeknewin
e like to myself. "Well, old woman,"
at I says, "I don't know." t.
ie "You never knows anything what's '
s goin' on in the world, Mr. Bigwater,"
," says my old woman, "because you
id never read the papers." So she says, g
e 43Nr. Bigwater, I am no scholar with C
n- the pen, but I wants you to write to
I this here paper for me and tell the
I, editor that this here Sal Parks and g
e- her old man is mighty smart and cor
t, rect, but they don't know all about 0
ethis M1r. Tillman. 'Why,' says she, ~
ot 'who is this B. R. Tillman ?' Yes, C
or thats what she asks. Her John
scould have found more'n he did by s
o-looking a little further."
'- Now, Mr. Bigwater," says she, ~
b- "-don't you dispute me when I tells a
m Iyou that this here Mr. Tillman has ~
il dyspepsy. You needn't look at me a
and shake your head that way, 'cause S
st I know what I knows." When my
id old- woman talks like that she means li
ih business and I dassent dispute her '
in word. So she goes on to say, "You s
?" knows he is got the dyspepsy as well
vs as me. and if you would read what he ~
a- says about the farmer, you would say
id as I says too. This dyspepsy makes
id him sorter kinder nervous and keeps t
>t, him restless like, you know, and mad c
er with every body, and hisself too. lie e
to has the political jim jams," says she, r
"brought on by this dyspepsy and
?" diisap)pointment. I knows how these
ry things is" says she. '-le keeps on V
in working up himself till he thinks he '
n- knows more about farming than yoti,.
es Mr. Bi gwater, andl that General Mc- 0
y, Gowan. Goy. Thompson, M. C. But- s
Ic lr, Wade Hampton and the rest of
>v our b)ig farmers is nowhere and don't
3d know as much about farmxing as you V
sdo. WVhos been and imnposed on uss
as farmers ? Who had this blamed t~
:priority- of lien law piassed ?
e.uWhed my old woman said this she V
Ltjupe )u and tore thle paper~ in two
al and she was migh ty hot, I tell you. t
toAfter she had cooled dlownl a little, ~
dshe says, "Ys I says, who's done
r- it ? Nobody is imposing on the far. I
n- mer but the farmer himself. The '
is farmers passed this law. Now this It
isame Tillman. as I says, has tile po- ~
r,' litical jim jams and wants office and
uyou know he does, Mr. Bigwater,V
aand don't you deny it. He thinks'
to he will fool the farmers by all this
3here b)ig blowing. but as long as I
at lives, he shan't fool you. Mr. Big- n
bs water. No," says she, "the women li
y. farmers must not let their husbands ti
'l be made fools of, to put no man in b
office. The men for political office
lf. must be men who ain't got the dys.
jt)epsy and they must be men who do
y,not try to fool anybody with all this
:ls writing about nothing and a agrcl
ot tural college, and a whooping him
aself up all the time. This is what
he jSal Parks' old man should have told
heC her."
-ly "What does this here Tiilman ex- (
hat's what I want to know. Yes,
can tell you what he wants to
o then. Why he wants to do like
ie rest of them, when they get a
[g office. He wants to sit in an
isv chair and live high, draw his
iy and set up a agricultural college.
1 to be paid for out of our tax
oney. Yes, sir," zays she, "put
is man i office, Mr. Bigwater,
id as long as he remains there the
.rmer will hear nothing from him
)out organizing and imposing ot4
id we will have to pay the same
,xes as we pay now. This is a fact,
:r. Bigwater, and you sit there and
ok just like you did not believe a
ord I say. Ill bet a dollar this here
illman don't make a living on his
.rm and this stirs up his liver
ke and sets his pen agoing."
Says she again, "Mr. Bigwater, I
.ys our farmers are no Moses in the
ill rushes and they ain't no such
ols as some people like Mr. Till
an thinks they is."
--Mr. Bigwater," says she, "I want
)u to answer me some questions and
it them down on paper too." I
es my old woman is got her
Lnder up, so I says "I will.if I
"ThQn answer me this. Where
)es Mr. Tillman want to live ?"
Says I, "At home old woman."
Says she, "Mr. Bigwater are you
azy ? After all I have said can't you
e he wants to lire in Columbiain the
w State House or some where near
ere ? .Now, Mr. Bigwater, what
>es he want to do there ?"
",Well," says I sorter timid like,
ie wants to farm there."
"Office! office!! office !'
ice!!!!" she says, luuder'n a
iuch bell with her mouth up agin
y ear, and she says on, "Mr.. Big
ater, you are the biggest old fool I
rer see."1
This sorter upset me as it come-on
1 unbeknowin like to me, so I says
)ld woman how is he going to get'
iere ?"
"How ?" says she, "why by all
at writing he is doing about tAe
rmer and .a agricultural college.
an't you see that?"
Well you see, I thought he would
there and get his office on ti
rs and not in the newspapers, but.
y old woman knows.
"Mr. Bigwater," says she, "when he
Ats office what will he do ?"
"Have nobody but farmers in
lce," says I, "and have no taxes
ollected and have a agricultural
ollege free for us farmers."
Says .she, "Did anybody ever see
ch a old fool as you, Mr. Big
ater ? As I says to you before, he..Z
ill forget all about the farmer, the
~ricultural college and taxes. He
ill draw his pay, have a good time .
nd put lawyers and doctors and
ach like folks in office."
Then she goes on talking quiet
ke and not noticing me. "This
ian is sure to fool these here ,hick
kull men farmers if it wasn't for the
-omen folks. He wont do anyhow,
nd I intend to raise my voice from the
ullrushes against him. Vanity will
ill him yet. He thinks he ought
> be president of this whole
ountry and the only way he sees to
et there or anywhere else, is to
lay upon the credulity of the
xrmers. That's it, and I knows it."
Thinks I to myself, well my old
oman is right and I will drop this
an. After sorter ruminating like
> herself for a while and a working
f her lips like, she goes on in the
ame way, "The reason the men far'
iers don't know any more'n they do,
,because they don't read the ~
er. Sal Parks is a smart o.ne and
be had to read to her old man about
lis here Tillman afore he got roused
p like. The Lord knows what
ould become of Mr. Bigwater if it
asn't for me to warn him against
mese conniving politicians and such
ke men. No, sir, they shan't fool
Ir. Bigwater. No, sir, Samanthy
~igwater is no fool if she is aw
ian and the wife of a farmer. Yes,
ere are a good many B. R. Till
ians right here at home and," says
he, "I hope Sal and- her old man
'ill ask what they are and what they '
"Mr. iiwater," says she aloud,
now you write this down, don't
iake a fool of yourself for any man
ving and especially for one who
inks everything 'rotten and wrong
ut himself."
With this she goes on into the
itchen like she had got rid of a
reat load, anxd I went out to see how
ld Jinm and his distemper was get
ug on.
Miss. Lula Hurst, the wonderful
~eorgia- girl, .has entered Shorter
~ollege, at Rome, Ga., to take a
hamn<rh colle<riate. course.

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