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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, March 31, 1886, Image 1

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C.B}ESilxnd--- - ___ ap; eo/d o~ 1.O~SXNO7H
A. Ilka~,2ew,cid'C t e ar 1,~.RTS{ 2O,PRA1
A.No 13.ONE
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shows when the subscription expir(
Forward the money for renewal at le.
one week in advance.
Sabscribers desiring the address
thenir paper changed must give both t]
old and the new address.
square the first insertion, and 50 ets. )
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GoZW EP' A iquare is the space of nine Uln
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Notices in local column 121c. per Ii
for each insertion for one month, long
at inch rates, w:th 25 percent added.
A reasonable reduction made for a
vertisernents by the three, six, or twel,
Some Suggestions to the Farm
A number of farmers publish th
week a call for a mass meeting of tl
farmers of Anderson County in tL
court house on saleday in April, an
we hope that as many of the farmei
of the county will attend as possibl,
and that they will select five of ti
wisest and most discreet represent:
tives that they can secure to atten
the State convention in Columbia i
April. If properly directed this cot
vention may. we think, accomplis
great good for the prosperity of th
State. Such direction, in our jud
ment, will confine the meeting to th
consideration of agricultural subject:
and the direction of the attention c
Congress and our State Legislatur
to the changes in the law which th
farmers of the State by represent.
tives may. after mature deliberatiot
conclude will be conducive to th
prosperity of agriculture over th
State. Such recommendations wouli
go before the Legislature with ever,
prospect of adoption, and would a
-least receive a respectful hearing il
Congress. The object of the con
vention should be to build up th
-prosperity of the farmers, and throug
them of the State; and in order to d<
this, it will be necessary to examin,
the condition of our zwgriculture, an<
trace, if possible its causes. To be
gin with, our farmers must kno
that legislation cannot make agricul
ture a profitable business. All tha
it can do is to provide such rules o
goverbment as will give those er
gaged in agriculture the opportunit:
to conduct their business with a:
little interference, and as light tax
atiou as possible. The Legislaturi
cannot make its people rich, buti
may give the protection of law, with
out imposing onerous burdens upoi
the people. Bearing this in mind
eus see what laws are now bjearin,
tecountry. In Federal legislatioi
temaintenance of a tariff upon:
tecost of living in this country. I
s,however, the least noticed of a]
orburdens, because it is not seer
adour people bear it without think
ing of the fact that one dollar out o
every six whichI they spend is re
quired of them in conseq-ence of a
unreasonable tariff. In our Statt
government we do not think legisla
tion has been unfriendly to the farmr
ers of our State, but our governmen
is cumbrous and expensive becaust
of our Constittution, which is a reli<
of radicalism. It has given us:
most expensive system of courts anc
of county government which can be
reduced without injury to the publi<
service, in our judgment, if we couk
have a constitutional convention
We have too much legislation, an<
we think the expenses for this de
nartment of our government migh
wi~e reduced by having only bienman
*meetings of the Legislature. Thb
worst feature about our legislation i
the failure to equalize taxation, an<
'the result is that some counties, liki
Anderson, for instance, are pay.mn
more than their part of the Stat<
taxes. Of course this bears heavill
upon the sections of the State whicl
are thus over-taxed. Now, we woul<
~call attention of our farmers to th<
fact that the evils specified in the
address which was published relati
only to two things-the South Caro
lina University and the agricultura
department. We (do not approve th
details of the management of eithe
tr, of these institutions, but we unbesi
a sa
or no tatingly express the opinion tha
Prie they cannot be. and ought not ta b<
-abolished. Their management shouk'
pe changed so as to increase their ef
'ciency, and make them worth to thi
'- 'state what they ought to be worth
to ret anv consi.erabie sunm i w:c
they can economize the x n of
our State government. The eMtn
ted Cecus of tIe economlical me:n
bers of the last Legislature hn-1 to
give it up as a ba job. and aljun
without finding a single refori ;
they could unite upon. Tie Site
government requires a consieraH1e
sum of money, it is true. buw eve-.v
other institution does t!at also. z:r
A farms themselves require imon- Y
run them. It is easy vn
stand off and claim that there
t travagance, but wh-en cue come, )
of put the finger upon particular
of extravagance. the task is not
er lv accomnolished.as was demonst
er bi the caucus to whichi werer
es Now. hfavin noticed So of, the
troubles growing out of existin w
er -Federal and state-it may no. he
amiss to enquire what -re the dirs
e tions in which there is pre-ssing
for new legislation. In our opinion.
at the very threshold of this inquiry.
we meet the greatest need again in
the department of Federnl legisla
tion. There is now asstemn of deal
Ls ing in all staple agricultural and
e farm products by a class of capital
e ists who treat them as so many paper
d chips with which to gamble, as con
-s pletely and as absolutely as men
' would bet on a game of cards or
e other event of chance. and the pro
ducts of the labor of this country are
d yearly bought and sold in ad 'vance
of the very planting of such crops.
with an utter disregard for t1he cust
h of production, or of the principles of
e supply and demand, which undri, I
every sound and legitimate busin!z
e transact:' i. In our opinion t
system oi dealing in futures is
more injury to the producing class
e of our country than all other caiise
e combined. For instance, the ee
lators last year bought and sold over
' 29,000.000 bales of cotton. while t:Ie
production of the cotton States was
e less than 7,000,000 bales. TiM; it
will be seen at once that the real pro
duction is nade a plaything in tle
hands of these speculators. and the
toiling millions of men who have
their small means and labor invested
in the cultivation of this stnple. arC
helpless before the caprices of these
Wall Street aamblers. The same
condition of things exists to some ex
tent in reference to corn. wheat and
meat. It calls for government inter
ference, and cannot be reached by
other than congressional legislation.
tand we nope our farmer friends will
give it their attention, ad mnemnorial
ize Congress to p)rohiibit all spe culation:
in co,tton or provision futures. and
take measures to secure th~ co-oner
ation of the farm:ers aml1 producers
of the other Southearn and Western
States in s:curing this legislation.
We think also that thi eetin.r
should consider and memorialize C n
gress to aid our commerce. bysu1
'stantial improvement of Charleston
harbor and the rivers of this State.
which can be made navigable for the
purpose of affording cheap rates of
transportation for our prodluction!s
after they are madle.
As the education of all classes of
iour peop)le is a matter or tm flrst
consequence, and as the State is an
nually expending larg~e sums of mo
ney on our common school sysem
which is far from efficient on account
of the lack of sufficient funds to prop- 1
erly conduct them, we think it would
be well for this couvention to urge
upon our rep)resentatives inmogrs
to vote for the Blair 1Bi1l now p)end
inst in the llouse. In addition to its
educational features the passae of
this bill would give about S00.0 1a
year to the people of Southm Carolina'
for several years. andl it would - 1
greatly to the p)rosp)erity of our Stte
and help to relieve us of a portinf
our present troubles.-Ar'4f n: I
- The system of cou.nity g overmen
t we have is awkwii-d and complliicted.
I besides being expensive. It forces
e on us an army of! (fliceblders at
ssalaries varying from small to hIe
Iand makes us pay hundreds of thou
3 sands of dollars more than there is
I need for. It should have been the
a first creation of radicalism attneked
by D)emocrats; bunt instead of attck
ing it we :aye made it worse m
I stronger, adding to the lost of oilices
Sand increased the cost. A leg:sla-t
Stive comnmission composedi of eiar
Sheaded and p)ractic:d: men coud con
- sgruct a cheaper and simpler system~'
Iof local governmen.t thn we ha-:e
a now if its immbers wvoumld disrea
r all personal and diretly local inter
ests and cut loose from precednt
t accepting the fact that ou:'r e
Sdent. We have problems presene
I. to us which no people have a:, and
-must finn the solution in our ow- wy
Sand by our own methods. Necsst
. should be with us the motiher of in
svention.-GenciUEiVern 24t.
Hard Facts about Fighting.
As we, year by year. grow away
from the war, and the number of imen
who carried a rifle or swung a s.onge
stafl among the guns grows smaller,
the country is flooded with mythical
accounts of this or that ocficer's won
derful display of coura-ge on such
and such fields, and the rising gene
;ation is called upon to admire the
gallantry of the warlike commanders
of their ancestors. I protest against
the further manufacture of sham mil
itary reputation. I know, and all
soldiers know, that the greater por
tion of the stories now current must
be false.
An officer dies and at once the
newspapers and magazines are filled
with accounts of his bravery and of
the valorous deeds lie performed, and
how he saved the Union on such a
battlefield. We are solemnly told
that his presence inspired his troops,
just ready to break, or already in
flight, and they, nerved by a glance
of his blazing eye, reformed and
rushed madly on the foe and snatched
victory from defeat. This is rot, un
mitigated rot.
The distinguishing characteristics
of the American volunteer were his
independence of thought, his want of
reverence for those ia authority, and
his ability to take care of himself in
battle and to correctly judge of its
tide. IIe had no respect for any
general whom he did not believe to
possess the qualifications essential
to a great commander. Theref'ore
none of our general officers inspired
him at all. When the volunteer
fouglit on the offensive he fought well
and steadily as long as he thought
there was a prospect of success. On
the defensive he would fight to the
death if he knew that it was essential
to the safety of the army to hold the
position he occupied. He would as
sault earthworks, it mattered not how
strong they were, savagely, and carry
them if it was possible. But, having
once seen the work at close range,
and having thoroughly felt of its de
fenders and realized that the line
could not be carried, he would not
again make a determined assault.
In one instance at Cold Spring
Harbor, in 1864, the army of the Po
tomac op)enly refused to make a sec
01n( assault on the works they had
been up to in thle morning. The pri
vates had seen the Confederate works;
their general officers, of whom we
hear so much in these days. had not.
and the privates considered thcem
selves just as well qualified to judge
of their capacity to carry earthworks
by assault as any general officer, it
mattered not how high his rank, who
had not seen the works, and who
evinced r.o burning desire to inspect
their strength at close range. It is
true that the troop)s who refused to
renew the assault at Cold Harbor
cheerfully sprang to the assault at
Petersburg a few days later, but they
had not seen the latter works and
they had a sufficient confidence in
General Grant's ability as a comn
mandler to believe that he would not
have ordered an itssault unless there
had been some prospect of success
and that is where they fooled them
selves. None of our generals could
have forced their troops to make an
other determined assault on the Con
federate lines at Petersburg.
At present we hear of how such
and such generals led their men to
desperate charges. These heroes are
pictured to the youth of our land as
go(fing into action on horseback. war
ing swordl in hand, and fair in aid
vance of the charging line. I have
seen many charges delivered by both
IUnion and Confederate troops. I
have seen our men with blanched
faces and set jaws, and their eyes
blazing with battle light, stream past
the guns I served on, and run full
speed at earthiworks, behind which
Lee's veteran infantry lurked, and
most always get whipped. Then I
have seen the lines in gray charge
Union earthiworks or battle lines, and
I have seen them melt away before
the heat of our fire; but I never saw
the recklessly brave generaf officers
we hear so much about at present
lead any troops into action. I have
seen tihem closely followed by their
brerade officers, but I never saw them
lead. In truth. what business would
an officer have in front of his men
when thie were in action ? IIe would
be in the line of their fire, and would
hgrely be killed.
SAll privates have seen division
corp andarmyheadquarters,
"none ever saw them pitched
,mng the troops in a place of dan
No one ever heard of a gene.
ofcr being- killed in camp. We
are tolc that these gal'am1 men ha
unv rode the battle line or line
trencels. Ind that they smile(d
humin butillets and aughed so
shot antd hursting shells t:, scoi
It is true that bri,ade commuandt
were on the battle line. Divii
commanders were con>picuous
their absence. and tic presence ol
division coinmandier among his troo
W.As so unusual t111 t it attracted t
attcntion of the soldiers. and was
ways renarked upon. What bu:
iess has an oflicer comnini r:
ten to forty thousand men to be
the heat and smoke of a battle? I
cannot direct the troops il' lie is
the battle line. iIe could not s
how the fight was going. Brigar
coMnmanders could not find him.
course. i His troops were chargin
or if they were advancin,g lie con
he with them.
We are told of generzl oflicer
grievously wounded. waving asi(
their aids and lightly dismissir
their medical attendants. and sayir
in effeet: "Let the battle prolee,
I cannot abandon my troops. IN
must save the Union." Palh Muc
they. under these circumstance
thought of the Union or of the
tror.ps. The truth is. that they, or
and all, got themselves lugged off ti
field as quickly as possible, and the
were exceedingly glad to get to ti:
rear and into an ambulance an
driven to a place of safety and a su
ceon. To have a rifle ball weighin
an ounce driven home in the groii
>r shatter the thigh hone, or nias
the knee joint to spiinters. or smas
dhe bones of the arm. or to have
olid shot or ragged chunk of a she
o) off an arm or a leg. knocks th
5iht out of a man. lie wants to g
ome at once. It was possible fc
eneral officers to go home a(I t:e
venL. At least I never saw, nor di
mly of my comrades see, general ofl
:ers swathed in bloody clothes fighi
ng their (livisions or corps.
Ceneral offlicers. corps and arm
:ormnanders. these are pictured a
;peaking words of encouragement t
,heir wavering troops, which. clear
jeard above the awful roar of
>)itched battle. caused the men t
ierve themselves for supreme effort:
tnd they won the fight. These chil.
sh tales are probably a rehash of th
nythical military legends of the N.
)oleonic era. The great Corsica
tatesman) and military genius w
ver represented as talking to a
rmy of from 30,000 to 300,000 mem
[hen. too, Wellington is said to hay
lated :"14) guards. andI at them" t
ts troops on the field at Waterlot
he noise of battle is terrific, an
me human voice could not makei
3elf heard for any great distanc<
~uppose a battle is in progress. Th
nfatry is firing. The artilleryi
nu action. Solid shot andl three inc
olts fly screaming through the ai:
shells are bursting. The humc
>ullets is loud and steady. The me
re cheering. The wounded shrie
s they fall. The dying groan. An
e are asked to believe that a gen
al officer spoke to his men in ti
idst of this deafening, uproar. an
nspired them. iIe could speak. au
speak, and if his voice did not hav
he compass of fifty foghorns b:
ight as well whistle into his bot
or all the inspiration his troops coul
Iraw from him.-Frank Wilkin.r,
Ar the .Aew Yrk' Sun.
A bout Borrowing and Borrow
-'Ir. Editor: D)id vou ever livei
nigblorhood or' community of ho
owers? 'Well. buddie. what do yo
~vanty' 'Maw sent me to ax youn
le could gi t a teacup of g'ranulaite
ugar'; says sh:e will p)ay von bac
vlbn pap goes to town.' You ar
retty lucky if you get back a ha
rticle of the -brown sandy.' and shlo:
neasure at that. Coffee. tea. haem:
or, turp)entine. castor oil and pm
Zative p)ills are all commodities
~xchange. Smoothing irons an
~couring mops are also scarce as we
s many other necessaries, too ted
us to mention. I hear of one Inch
Less fellow who made applicationt
a nighbor to loan him a couple
~hoats until next Christmas. promim
ug to rep)lace them if he had to got
jeorgia for them. Well. the avera2
eorgia shoat is a -b)ad one,' with hi
Long snout, flop ears and cussed ai
earance generally. The ordinar
ea would det.ert him for a v'eloe
>d,. provided th~e engineer woul
)ut on brakes 'en passant.' Sufl
2ient to say. the fellow didnt get ti.
The above communication aippeare
ecently in t he Anderson Journal, an
while it is not remarkable f'r poeti
iishi it contains several germs c
solid truth. Who has not lived in
zommnity of bor;'o'wers? Wher
-a-acmnmunitv free from horrower
.s the NTegro a Failure ?
w;~;\r .\ ;-P1 :0r. .\T 1E'L S iNH I soT
wv-r:xTElON l-:;AI. .-sTOSAY
<oN TH!:: sPLTi'T.
ba:::Im. .\. -.reh 2.
litor; C1hronicle :-Yours of th(
- h uilt.. receive<t. askiw, nI nv olill
'on on the abo;r question and Pro
'ssir WHiOts's aIGNess at Columbus:
1 *'e thrrnughly with Professoi
Wht in his views. andl ain glad that
the qson is becingi brougit sc
p r1itly before our pe,-ople. witli
the hVp that sone satisfactory solu
ti:n,ay be0 f'ound.
in t a tw: utv years every
branch o ind iutry has advanced,
an some braneics very great fi.
amements have been mate, except
SSothern ariculture. where the
nro is the principal laborer.
This is not confined to any partie.
ular Section of t: e South. but the
sane renort comes from the Potomnac
to th; jik) Grande. The men who
are engaged in the management and
con'rol of this labor covering this
area are, as a class, as intelligent
and attentive to thei business as in
.the branches of industry, and have
been faithful in studying the charac
ter of their labor, and .:e as anxious
to make it efficient and profitable.
Yet the universal report is that the
konger they watch and study tie
Ch-racter of the negro the less they
N now of hin. New traits and char
aeteristics appear in hii constantly
\hv is this?
Wh71en the negroes were our slaves,
ror t e purpose or discipline and con
rol. ther were Walwas under the eve
m cntrl of white men.
prcached to by white
non, ndwere thrown constantly
nme the control and in the associ
Actio f white men: being -ery ini
-ivc d easily imwpre,ss,d this as
somintion was i*,I,,;ioVI1n- to hIm.
Cow ther are un-er the control of
e man oni-, when actually
it- work under his directions.
They are taught Iy negro teach
rs. pr-eac1hed to by negro preachers.
nd the white man, being a restraint
m him, is rarely seen at his gather
ng:s. Their preachers and teachers,
he best informed among them, for
he purpose of keeping up their in
W:ence. instead of trying to elevate
md enlihten them. are constantly
Pealing to their prejudices and
1upwrstitions. and as a result the ne
:ro, as a class, has been going hack
ards fur the past twenty years.
We have beenI st;uovi n: his charac
er as hie was twenty years ago, and
re still working on that line, while
ehas becen rapidly moving away
r"m it.
We h ave done our duty faithfully
.nd have s.aent millions in the effort
a imptrove amnd make an efficient free
ho:rer of the necgro. but have failed,
cenuse he has been drifting away
r-om us. and is fast goi ng back into
be oriainal state in which we found
im We cannot follow him. T1here
are. we must look elsewhere for that
bitetu we have failted to make of him.
I mproved modes of agriculture and
utetnsive faring are im possile with
he ngro as the laborer. and as ten
nt or indtependent farmers they are
orse failures. A s an evidence, see
he hund reds of p)lanltations in Geor
la thati av.' gone to ruin that have
eenf turned over to them as tenants.
o tihoroughlly satisfied are the peo
ec of t':is sectin of tihe State on
his gne1stionl that we raised moin
na had a p)ampleit printed, setting
rthi the adlvanltasZes of Southwestern
~etrgia, and sent Maj. G lessner, of
he A merieus Recorder. with thlem to
c inlmany of i)r-. Eaisterb)rook,
rO 1 iae'd a large part of both of
e::cursiotns ao, conie to Amierieus,
n wah we were lib,erallv aided by
he tYntral ratthoad, giving reduced
[email protected] the exeursionists. We are
on\; organzing an association, and(
ill raise a fund to use her-eafter for
.te purptose of advertising this see
on of the St ate an-l eneouiraging
mi:gLrtionl to it. A ssociations should
e formed alli over the State, thie rail
o:ois should :id liberally, and last.
,t nut least, the Legislature should
ake a liberal appropriation to main
ain a reguilar emig~ration bureau, and
at leave this work entirely to indi
iuals and corporations. With an
nerense of our p)opl)iation by intelli
r-.it andi industrious emigration from
he North. the West and Europe, ou:
arge pliantationis cut up into small
arims, then Ge~orgira will retain that
tchi she will otheCrwise lose-the
roud appellation of the -Empire
5at e of the South. Yours truly,
Joux A. Conn.
elcery vman who preached fe'de
I thou
~end surprise~a the audiened I
' Mak
masel f by readingz at the cud" i
~sua, notices; "I insist on VO
ngt at myr house, no muatter v;
-itc un ''-.Th iBRno~n.
it. be roun! tins sie or on the other
OF sde (i the Arctic regions? We have
at no01o'u that cven in IIdes some of
(I the culprits try to Uorrow cooler
I. ipots from ti&ir more favored neigh
rs ,or. l;rirwers have no particular
I clime or (*(untrv. Lev are to be
yrfound ,vw!hre and arywhere, and
a will 'orrow from a pin to a thousand
ps dollars and down again to a chew of
Ce tolacco. The --chew tobacco" bor
rower is general a first class dead
-heat, frnd. sponger and nuisance.
m l nevr s-es vou unless he wants a
in e lie is always .-just out."
le No natter m what way vou are en
)n gaaed. von must d your hands in
le your pocket. pull out. your favorite
le plug and hand it over to his tender
) inercies. Sometines he is delicate
about the matter. and will call for
d our knife. This requires another
digZ in your pockets. and you may be
s. certain that the knife will make a
e slip in the borrower's favor-about
three chews will gro for one. Some
times the sponger is more sociable,
. and presuming that you are equally
e so. will just tear off what he wants
i with his teeth. A rich joke is told
s. on one of thcse frauds. He was a
ir guner of gun No. 3 of one of the ar
e tillery companies of this State during
e the war. Ile was never known to
y have any tobacco, and made it a
e habit to beg "chews" -from the mem
d bers of his company generally. Fi
r- nally the company gave a collation.
g Regular toasts were prepared and the
m gunner of No. 3 was informed that
Slie would be called on. Not know
h ing what .o say, lie begged the cap
a tain to prepare a little speech. The
I captain did so. and on the night in
e question delivered the following,
o which was received with shouts of
r applause
'" Tliiz i; the gunner 0 No. 3,
Who rai well and :ponges free."
Strange to say. he did not see the
Joke until it was afterwarlds explained
to him and received the applause
with grea t appreciation.
' The newspaper borrower is another
snuisance. Ile (or she) just thinks
0 that a newspaper is common prop
Y erty. and will get as mad as thunder
a whienever the paper is refused. The
0 newspaper borrower does not know,
perhaps, that whenever he (or she)
sends for the paper, somebody is put
e to the trouble of hunting it up. The
'family are all at dinner,1erhaps, the
t bell rings and the servant announces
s that i-Mr. Newshunter or Miss Gos
sipmonger wants to borrow the pa
per." Some one must leave the ta
c ble to irunt for it, and don't you know
SMr. Newshunter or Mi1ss Gossipmou
- er gets a blessing in the meantime?
hei~ aorowing of groceries is gene
rlyapolite way of begging, and it
frequently happens that a mean ar
e tiele is returned for a good one.
sSome people use the best of every
h thing in the line of cooking, and
- others 90 for cheapness, In the
country this habit is excusable, but
in cities and towns, where there are
kgrocery stores at all the corners, the
p ractice is deserving of censure.
While on this subject we are me
e minded of some humorous lines which
C appearedt in print some years ago,
d and while we cannot quote them cor
e rectly from memory. the following
e snopismay be read to advantage
>by some people. A gentleman ap
d plied to his next djoor neighbor for
-some hooks to read. The reply came
as follows:
"For- miy book- 1 always hav need,
- But von~ may sit by my lire and read.'
O f course, this was only a polite
way 0f dec-lining, but sotyafter
n wards the other centleman wanted to
borrow a bellows to blow his fire.
SiIe applied to tile book borrower and
received this answe-r:
d "I don't lendh om myl bellows. vou know.
k Um vou may .-it by my- iire and blow.'
Cob&>ba Record.
Is He An Office Seeker?
4 Several of our exchanges have
Ichairged that Capt. Tillman's aigita
tion for a farmers' convention
Iwas dlue to the fact that he
1watedt oflice himself. If this be true
then the people of his own county
hiave never found it -out. Although
0o we h: ye frequently heard the ques
tion aisked why lie did not run for
of!ice, and had he chosen to become
o a cand(idate we do not think we
e would be far wrong in saying that
stie people of Edeil ounty
would have given him any office
Swithin their gift. Is it not a sadl
commentary upon public morals in
South Carolina when the mer'e fet
that an individual raises his voice
e for whait lie conceives to be an im
oroveen t in matters of State should
Seo Kn':li imi of dlesire for oflice-greed
ci-r pi e and position? Is it then
m ripossible conception. that there
-are- nen in South Carolina who, in
maltters touching the good of the
commonwealth,~ are actuated by high
er raotiv'es than self-aggrandize
Smerit9. Edar>feld .Adertiser
The Agricultural Problem.
The farr-_r. including his rights
and wrongs, is now prominently be
fore the public in this State. In fact
it would seem that he is about to
crowd out the lawyer in the amount
of sympathy and consideration he is
receiving. How to enable him to dig
the most money and provisions out
of the ground, is perplexing the minds
of both him and his friends. Sug
gestions are being made on all hands.
and every one is ready to favor the
public with an opinion as to how
hands should be worked and farms
cultivated. But talking and writing
alone, are not the things to make
corn and cotton grow. Industry and
economy, guided and directed by a
level head, a brave heart and a wil
ling hand, is, after all, the philoso
pher's stone, the grand secret of suc
cess. We must look to. ourselves to
correct the evils of which we com
plain. Our laboring element will
be a failure as long as the manage
ment is wrong. The subordinate
hand must be inspired, encouraged
and controlled by a leading head that
is master of the situation. We must
set the example before we can ex
pect it to be followed. "Come on" is
the command that the laborer under
stands, while "go on" is apt to pass
anheeded. The question "is the ne
gro a failure?" is now being pretty
Jhoroughly discussed, and able ar
'icles are being written on both sides.
rhe same inquiry might be made
ibout some who employ and propose
o direct him. If the negro fails
is a farm hand, it may not always
>e his own fault. He is an imitative
)eing. and if the proper example is
laced before him, in nine cases out
)f ten he will make a pretty fair fol
owing. We intended to have said
omething about what we conceive to
>e the impropriety of neglecting
nore important and pressing duties
;o attend societies, public meetings
ind conventions. They, perhaps
iave their advantages and are good
mough in their way, as far as the
)rizingy is concerned, but it wont do
o stop the plow or the hoe to at'end
hem. It is like the Pharise',s who
aid great stress on the tith.'s of mint
iud anice, while they neglected the
veightier matters of the law-Edge
il0.1d Monitor.
A Charieston Idea.
The News and Courier, in its
unday edition, is publishing sketches
>f the rich men of that city. The first
installment consists of biographies
>f Andrew Simonds and George W.
Williams. The sketches are illustra
bed with cuts purporting to represent
these two rich men. If the cuts are
true to life they are bard looking
ases. If they are cartoons the vic
Lims should institute damage suits at
once. The sketches claim to be
'short studies on great subjects" and
it is said "the world knows nothing
of its greatest men." This public
exhibition must be very distasteful
to the victims and must shock their
modesty. The sketches are very
well written, however, and quite
After the News and Courier gets
through with the rich men of the
city we would respectfully suggest
that it furnish sketches of the good
men of Charleston. This would not
take too much valuable space. A fter
this the intellectual men and schol
ars might properly be taken up.
Trhere is a growing.tendency to
worship the golden calf. Money is
put before piety and good works.
Mammon is superseding God. When
we come to die we would rather, like
the Rev. A. Tfoomer Porter, have the
Ioly Communion Institute as our
ife-work than all the money gath
artogether by :.11 thpluort
>f Charleston. iIe has given. a
Christian education to hundreds of
boys and the influcences for good
iven impulse by him will never die
but broaden and extendi as the years
roll on.--.Abcille Mediuo.
Not long ago we asked a brother
why he did not take part in the
payer meetings of our church. To
which he replied that he was so con
stituted that he could not do it from
sheer nervousness. We were sur
prised at this, as we knew that he was
a man of affairs, and one who had
been in the habit of speaking in pub
li. at least in small political gather
ings. No doub.t the brother was sin
ere in his statement, but he did not
know that he was talking in his sleep
at the time. Since then he has
aroused out of sleep and now his
voice is steady and his words are fitly
spoken in the assembly of the saints.
We have no doubt tbe same would be
Lrue of hundreds of christian men if
the were fully awake.
Tne k'armers movement.
This movement in this county
seems to be gathering strength uo it
goes. New clubs are being formed'
in different parts of the county and
the indications now are that there
will be a general turn out to the con
vention to be held here Monday
week. If wisely managed, as we
hope and believe it will be, it may-be
productive of much good. If Mr.
Tillman's ideas are to be swallowed
as a whole, the con-rention will stir
up a storm that it cannot control.
We cannot, and, indeed, dare not,
believe that the latter course will be
pursued. The sober conservative
thought of the farmers of South Caro
lina will not be misled into an in
discriminate war on all other citi
zens of the State and adopt the boy
cotting system he ad'ocates.
Healthy agitation always does
good. The old alchemists never dis
covered the philosopher's stone, but
in their search for it they made many
useful discoveries. So, the farmers
may not in the present movement dis
cover a panacea for all their ills, yet,
being practical men, they may be
able to adopt some scheme which
will bring them out of the wilderness
into the promised land.
Not. being a "simon pure" farmer
it may be impertinent to suggest to
the forthcoming convert'z, but we
make the hazard anyway and ad
vise that as farmers their surest way
out of the wilderness is to make their
'farms self-sustaining by raising all
the chickens, turkeys, pigs, lambs,
beeves, corn, peas, potatoes, oats,
and side crops necessary for the
farm upon the farm itself. After
these things are provided for. make
cotton to their heart's content. And
the farmer who can't do this has no
business trying to run the State.
lie can do this, he is a s and -
should be listened .-''his is hard
doctrine, but }f-. true. If the-forth-'.
coming c!dvention will adopta res
olutiop-embracing the above, and
eacl one of its members take a Bible
.1ath to stick to it, it would be worth -
more to the agriculture of South
Carolina than a half dozen agricul
tural colleges.
In the domain of politics we would
advise that as soon as the conven
tion assembles, it adopt a resolution
and pledge the convention to sup. -
port it, that no one of its members
shall hold or accept public office
This would show that the convention
meant business and not politics.>
Then pass a resolution to the ef fect ~
that the military ac'ademy should
be abolished, and tuition fees be
charged in the State college, th
there should .only be biennial ses
sions of the Legislature, that the of
fice of .Adjutant and Inspector Gen- - -
eral be abolished, condemning the
appropriation for the military, re
ducing the number of railroad com
missioners to one, consolidating the .
office of auditor and treasurer and -
covering many other like reforms --
which would materially reduce-our
taxes. Then let a solemn pledge be
taken by the donvention that its in
dividual members will use their in
fluente to elect only such men to the
Legislature as will carry this resolu--.
into effect. This done let the con
vention adjourn and it will have ac
complished much-causing the dry
bones of the valley to rattle.-Pee
Dee Index.
For Church, Family and Coun
Col. William Lester died at his
home in Newberry on the 11th inst.
The Observer speaking of him, says:
"Hie was one of Nature's noble
As pure-minded and as gentle as a
child, modest to bashfulness, he was
as brave a man as ever lived, and as
true as steel to every call of duty.
Col. Lester was a native of this coun
ty, and was sixty-five years of age.
Hie lived a quiet, useful life, devoted
to his church, his country and i
The deceased was Lieutenant-Col
onel of the 13th S. C. Volunteers in
MlcGowan's Brigade, and bore him
self as a true soldier and patriot. He'
was not of the pushing, ambitious
sort but was always whered
called. H!e had a good name aiong'
all the scldiers of the Brigade. The
handsome tribute of the Observer
puts him as an example before the ''
youth of the country. A life devoted
to the church, the country and the
family is an enviable one. No one'
could live to better purpose. Nio ~
one could go to the grave and leave .
behind a better memory.-Abbeville -
The man who is better to every.
body else than he is to himself al
ways has to look to the man he has -
most neglected when he needs a

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