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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, April 14, 1887, Image 1

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EA bLIsHL>) IN 18(55. NE:1ERRY. s. C.. THURSI)AY, APRIL 14, 1887. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR.
TiHE FOLLIES OF OUR YOUT.I
The Last Article from the Pen of
Henry Ward Beecher-The Great
Preacher's Opinion on Dancing
--A Prophecy.
The following article. from the pen
of the late lien;;y Ward Beecher,
was written by him only a fortnight
previous to his death. Ile had
lpromised that he would contribute
an article to the last number of the
-1rooklytt Mal,rine under its old
name, and in accordance therewith
the paper given below was written
by him. It is probably one of his
latest, if not the last, contribution tt
periodical literature
-Old age has the foundation of its
joy or its sorrow laid in youth.
Every stone laid in the foundation
takes hold of every stone in the wall
up to the very eaves of the building;
and every deed, right or wrong, that
transpires in youth reaches forward,
and has a relation to all the after
part of man's life. A man's life is
not like the contiguous cells in a
bee's honeycomb, it is more like the
separate parts of a plant which un
folds out of itself, every part bearing
relation to all that antecede. That
which one does in youth is the root,
and all the afterparts, middle age
and old age, are the branches and
the fruits, whose character the root
will determine.
-Every man belongs to an econo
my in l.hich he has a right to calcu
late, or his friends for him, on eighty
years as a fair term of life. His
body is placed in a world adapted to
nourish and protect it. Nature is
congenial. There are elements enough
of mischief in it if a man pleases to
find them out. A man can wear his
body out as quickly as he pleases.
destroy it if he wi:i; but., after all,
the great laws of nature are nourish
ing laws, and, comprehensively re
garded, nature is the universal nurse,
the universal physician of our race,
guarding us against evil, warning us
of it by incipient pains, setting up
signals of danger-not outwardly,
but inwardly, and cautioning us by
sorrows and by pains for our benefit.
Every immoderate draft which is
made by the appetites and passions
is so much sent forward to be cashed
in old age. We may sin at one end,
but God takes it off the other. Every
man has stored up for him some
-eighty years, if he knows how to
keep) them, and those eighty years,
lJke a bank of deposit, are full of
treasures; but youth, through ignor
ance or through immoderate passion,
is wont continually to draw checks
on old age. Men do not suppose
that they are doing it, although told
that the wicked shall not live out
half their days.
"Men arc accustomed to look upon
the excesses of youth as something
that belongs to that time. They say
that of course the young, like colts
unbridled, will thsport themselves.
There is no harm in colts disporting
themselves but a colt never gets drunk.
I do not object to any amount of gayety
or vivacity that lies within the
bounds of reason, or of health; but I
(1o reject and abhor, as worthy to be
stigmatized as dishonorable and un
manly, ev-ery such course in youth
as it takes away strength, vigor and
purity from old age. I do not be
lieve that any man should take the
candle of his old age and light it by
the vices of his youth. Every man
e4that transcends nature's laws in
youth is taking beforehand those,
treast'es that are stored up for his
old age; he is taking the food that
should have been his sustenance in
old age. and exhausting it in riotous
living in his youth.- Mere gayety
andl exhilaration are wholesome; they
violate no law, moral or physical.
--I do not object to mirth or gayety,
but I do object to any muan's making
ant animal of himself by livin'g for
the gratification of his own animal
- passions. People frequently think
that to require in the conduct of
youth that which we expect in later
lifre, has somiething (of Puritanism in
it. Me'n have ani imp'ression that
ve,uth is varv nouch like wine, crude
:and in!s:pid until it has ferriented;
timn whn it has fermented and
th'rowu down the lees, andi the scum
has~ been dirawn (i!T, the gtreat body
* between i sound and wholesome,
and beQautitl. I am ni ot one that
think so. I think that youth is the
beg inning of the plant life, and that
every wart or excresen ce is so much
enfeeblement of its fruit-hearing
aower. I do not believe that an'
mnan is the better for having learned
the whole career of dIrunkenness 0r
of lust, or the dallyings or indulgen
cies that belong to a morbid life.
A young man that has gone through
these things may be saved at last;
but in after life he has not the sen
siity no th prity nor the
moral stamina that he ought to have.
He has gone through an experience
but for which his manhood would
have been both stronger and nobler.
I thoroughly disbelieve that a man is
any better for having in his youth
passed through an experience that
developed his animal nature and his
lustful appetite. Excess in youth.
in regard to animal indulgencies,.
is bankruptcy in old age.
--For this reason I depreciate late
hours, irregular hours or irregular
sleep. People ask me frequently.
'Do you think that there is any harm
in dancing ?' No, I do not. There
is much good in it. ')o you, then.
'>bject to dancing parties ?' No; in
themselves I do not. But where un
knit youth, unripe muscle, unsettled
and unhardened nerves are put
through an excess of excitement,
treated with stimuh.nts, fed ii regu.
ularly and with unwholesome food,
surrounded with gayety which is ex
cessive and which is protracted
through hours when they should be
asleep, I object, not because of the
dancing but because of the dissipa
tion. It is takii' the timetbat un
questionably was intended for sleep,
and spending it in the highest state
of exhilaration and excitement. The
,arm is not in the dancing itself; for
if they danced as do the peasants, in
the open air, upon the grass under the
trees, and in the day, it might be
commended, not as virtuous, but as
still belonging to those negative
things that may be beautiful. But
the wassail in the night, the waste
fulness--I will not say of precious
hours, for hours are not half so pre
cious as nerves are-the dissipation,
continued night after night and week
after week through the whole season,
it is this I deprecate as eating out the
very life. I am not superstitious of
observances, but I am always thank
ful that there are forty days of Lent
in the year when folks can rest from
their debauches and dissipations;
when no round of excessive excite
ment in the pursuit of pleasure is
permitted to come in and ruin the
health and cripple the natural pow
ers of the young.
"I rejoice to say that I was brought
up from my youth to abstain from
tobacco. It is unhealthy; it is filthy
from beginning to end. In rare
cases, where there is already some
unhealthy or morbid tendency in the
system, it is possible that it may be
used with some benefit: but ordi
narily it is unhealthy. I believe
that the day will come when a young
man will be proud of not being ad
dicted to the use of stimulants of
any kind. I believe that the day
will come when not to dIrink, not to
use tobacco, not to waste one's
strength in the secret indulgence of
passion, but to b)e true to one's na
ture, true to God's law, to be sound,
robust, cheerful. and to be conscious
that these elements of health and
strength are derived from the rev
erent ob)edience of the command
ments of God, will be a matter of
ambition and endeavor among men."
IIENRY WVARD BEECIIER.
The C., N. &L R. R.
Tro be Consolidated with the Glenn
Springs R~ailroad.
Colufmbia Rkco'rd, Apjrii (.
'rhe board of directors of the Col
umnbia, Newberry and Laureus rail
road held their regular monthly
meeting in the private rooms of the
Commercial Bank last night. ThueI
citizens' committee, which is obtain
ing names of property.owners so that
a vote may be taken as to whether
there will be a township subscription
of $40,000, reported that progress
was being made in getting up the
list. President Moseley authorized
the immediate consolidation of the
Columbia, Newberry and Lau rens
with the Glenn Springs railroad.
This consolidation will be effected at
Ias early a (lay as the law will allow.
The President reported that the work
of gradling the second division of the
road, a line five miles long from the
teruminatio,n of the first 15 miles. had
beguin. The finance comnmitttee was
instructed io close the subscription
for the .?0,000 first subscribed and
to issue stock. The meeting ad
journed( at 11 o'clock.
"She )Di't Pull off the Bustle
E'4qield Chkronil.
We hear from .Johnston, that,
during the late Holiness meeting
there, a rather fashionable young
lady professed to Mr. Leitch that she
had been sanctified; and that lie re
plied to lher, with considerable em
phasis: '-Ohi, no you havent; nio,
vou he.vent; no you havent. Be
cause if you had, you would have
nnlled off that bustle !"
THE HERO OF SHILOH. th
ter
Jeff Davis' Tribute to Albert Sidney
Johnston.
-. Inc
The following is an extract of the
speech delivered by Jeffer-n Davis
in New Orleans on Gth April, on the er.
occasion of the unveiling of a statue p
in memory of Albert Sidney John- of
ston: ne,
'"It' words could add anything to St,
the effect which this scene produces, ate
then I should regret that my physi- e1,
cal ability does not allow me to ad- hoi
dress so large an audience as this. tor
Sidney Johnston's fame rests on his Ne
deeds. It requires no embellishments ma
from any one. and if it did the able poj
orator you have heard has done what col
the occasion requires. To you, my me
brethren of the Louisiana Division of offi
the Army of Tennessee, I wish to tw(
offer my congratulations for your th
eminent success in the task you un- wh
dertook. Despite the jeers of evil
prophecy of those who said you could cot
not succeed, you have succeeded, and i c
(pointing to t: e statue) -there is to- fro
day, I believe, the best equestrian u
statue, man and horse, that is to be
found in any country. [Applause.] an,
There is the head and neck, familiar r
to all of you, of the horse he rode n a
when he-received his death wound, w
copied, I know not how, but instinct isi
with resemblance. There is the R.
grand figure of our hero as we have le
seen him on horseback, a perfect cav
alier as well as the fearless soldier. wa
You have,done well to embody this vet
hero's:statue_in material more endur- ara
ing than granite. Not that his fame wit
was likely to diminish, nor that you car
required any visible sign to remind res
you of his greatness or warm your af
p
fection for him, but that, in coming
time,'as the youths of our country cor
pass by, they may look at that statue 1
and say, Well, who is this? and learn pct
the story of the man who was as good art
as he was great and as great as hu ing
manity permits man to be. I knew to
Sidney Johnston, I believe, better the
than I knew any other man, perhaps att
because his character was written so the
legibly that it was easy to compre- tlt
bend it. Be that as it may, we had art
been associated in college, from col- les
lege we went to the Military Acad- mi
emy, and from tnere we went into the
army. I pause for a moment on the coI
period when at college together. I fac
believe as a rule that boys are better wit
judges of each other than their pro- wit
fessors of themi. Johnston stood em- to
inent ini the corps of cadets always the
courteous, always ready for duty, al
ways proficient. I believe that if youti
will go among cadets who were in the
corps with him, and ask which was ita
the grandest character they knew in wo
the corps, the answer would be gene- e
rally, if not universally, Albert Sid
ney Johnston. That is my opinion, So
and I have l:eard it expressed by
many; among others, by the man who ,
was at the head of his class, and who -
is one of the greatest .sawant this of
country has ever produced. n
"We entered the army together andW
were in the same branch of service. T
We were together in barracks and in "n
I,dian campaigns, and I remember art
now the time, when a deadly disease pe
was sp)reading among the men in c
camp, Sidney Johnston was there o.
himself, suffering, yet calm and at- "
tentive to those who were suffering co
more than himself. IIe showed no of
treiation. It was not ini his na- B
ture to do so. rThe man had been as
a lion in battles, and when lie stoopedl co
over a suffering comrade his eyes t
moistened with more than a mother's o
weakness. Such was the nature of se
this man. Then we served in a for- ani
eign war together. J could not tell seI
you munch of that period without be- to
in subject to the charge of egotism, mm
for singly andl alone we two have i
stoodl where death seemed to come thm
every moment, and there Sidney rt
Johnston was as calm as'I ever saw 0
him.in camp. Ilis decision was as cr
quick as rifle p)owder. (1 speak to in
infantrymen who know how quick re'
that is.) Then there was one charac- al
teristic of him which p)revailed(l
throuhout the whole course of his ri
life, and that was his chivalric teum- h
per. IJe never deserted a friend, and I i
was prone to step in front of a friend
when lhe saw him assailed. He was t
knightly. but not errant. WXhen lie
saw Texas struggYlingr for righit. that ag
lie thought belonged to all tmn -the
right of self-governmnent--he went to --
volunteer, without recommnendation; co
taking his place in the ranks to fight w
for thme liberty of Texas in order that
she might have a govertnent of her
own. As time wore on his morit was
discovered and he was raised to rank At
and position. When the war with in
Mexico began we had but few troops ni:
on the Rio Grande, and in the begin wi
ning of the war there seemed littled
probability o,f success. Johnston or- so
ganized a regiment of which lie was th
olnl, nde marched immcdiately to st1
support of Zachary Tavlor. A
wards he was on the staff of Gen.
ylor. I will not worry you by go
into details [Voice in the crowd
> on !'] after the war with Mexico
friends, I will go on a little long
[Applause.] lie was appointed
rmaster under the adnuistratior
Franklin Pierce, a yankee whc
,er faltered in the maintenance of
Ltes' right, a man who in the Sen
of the United States voted foi
ry one of the resolutions of Cal
in, though many Southern Sena
s did so reluctantly. Thanks tc
w Hampshire for breeding such t
n as Franklin Pierce. Pierce ap
nted Johnston )ayuast(r and
lector of the 2d cavalry, a regi
ut which gave more distingu:shec
cers to both armies in the war be
:en the States than any other ir
United States army. Buchanan
en President, sent to mne to ask
ho do you think ought to havc
unand of the Utah expeditiou?
id not choose to select one only
m my army acquaintances, and I
- him three names. lie said, 'l)c
i and Gen. Scott ever agree aboul
,thing?" I said, 'I think so.' IIe
lied, 'In this instance you havc
ned the same three men.' They
-e these: Persifer Smith, of Lou.
a, Albert Sidney Johnston and
E. Lee. Johnston was selected
was the best selection. le com
nded the expedition to Utah, and
s made brigadier general by bre
So he had gone to the highesi
de next to commander-in chiel
bin a short period after the Mexi.
i war. Previously to that he had
igned from the army and lost hi;
iition.
'When the war between the States
omenced his rank and reputation
'e him the right to believe and ex
:t all tlat would be given in the
uv of the United States, but see
a few States asserting their rights
a form of government resting on
consent of the governed, and the
empt of the majority to deprive
in of that right, he sacrificed all
,t he had made in the United States
ay and travelled across the track
s desert to offer his service&to the
ority struggling for the right
ne who knew Sidney Johnstor
ild imagine him ignorant of thc
t that this smaller body of men
bout arms, without workshops
,hout material of war, would have
:ontend against terrible odds. Or
field of Shiloh he made but ont
take. He had planned that bat
and sent me a telegram (whici
s lost) which described it just a:
vas fought, the only battle in th<
rds history that was taught as:
eral expected."
e Pensioner of thme Revolutionar:
War.
Ul'c sole surviving representativ<
the revolutionary war, as recog
;ed by the government, says:
ishington dispatch, is Abigail S
ton, of North Wood bridge. Rock
~hamn County, N. 1L. Out of th<
ny of persons who are entitled t<
isions she is the only one who re
es such as thme wife of a soldiel
the revolution. Mrs. Tilton is th<
low of Benjamin Stev;ns, who, ac
-ding to the musty records of thn
c, particip)ated in the battle o
nnmington. as a member of Captaim
~ConneWs complhany, under thi
nmand of Gen. Stark. Mrs. Til
is now a trifle more than one hun
d years old. She was married:
:ond time in 1831, but was divorce
assumed her maiden name, iIe:
ond1( marriage in validated her righ
a pension as the widow of Benja
n Stevens but the State of Ney
mshire subsequently granted he:
allowance of $2 a week for th'
nainder of her natural life. Abou
it years ago Congress further in
asedl this by the addition of $1G:
intm to be paid to her as a specia
olutionary pension, it having beem
eged that she was "houseless, home
s and chidless." The old ladyi
resented as5 being in excellen
lh and inm full possession of al
menitalI anid physical faculties
itil at year ago three other relics o
lev'ol utiona :ry hmei rs dr,ew singi<
sions through the Knoxvill'
ncy. But they hamve all died with
tme past twelve months, and Mrs
ton is the only link that is lef
i necti ng the government of to-d1a2
L the stormy scenes of 1776.
Velow Snow in WIsconMinl.
Cmm.vo, Aprili.-A special fron
gusta, Wis., says: About ai
:h of snow fell here on Tuesda:
;ht, the surface of which is coveretn
th a thick layer of what seems to bi
st or ashes. This whole section
far as heard from, is covered witl
Ssame yellowish snow. It is:
an phmenoinm'mon.
A Sketch of D. Wyatt Aiken.
a
Col. Aiken was born at Winns
boro', in Fairfield County, S. C.I
March 17, 1828, and was therefore in a
his 59th year. He was graduated at
the South Carolina College with the t
class of 1849, and after teaching o
school he married Miss Virginia e
Smith, a sister of Mr. W. Joel Smith, s
of Abbeville, and settled on the Stony 14
Point farm in 1852. le was.a suc
cessful farmer, the best evidences of
which is furnished in the fact that he o
supported comfortably and highly o
educated a large family of children t
from the profits in agriculture. Dur
ing the time that he was farmer he a
edited the Rural Carolinian and the s
agricultural department of the News
and Courier. p
Soon after the war he bought a
dwe!ling in Cokesbury, where he re- d
sided. In 1861 he volunteered as a a
private in the 7th South Carolina
regiment but was appointed Adjutant
of the command. At the reorganiza- t
tion of the regiment in the spring of t
1862, Mr. Aiken was elected to its
command, succeeding Col. Bacon. b
In September 1862, while gallantly t
commanding his regiment at Harp- t,
er's Ferry, in the battle of Antietam, I
where the Confederate forces won a
most signal victory, Col. Aiken re
ceived a wound through the body, b
which was deemed mortal. Being un
able for duty, with no prospect of
ever recovering, he was discharged V
from the service, when he returned e
to his family to receive their care and
attention. After a long and painful
illness, he regained somewhat of his
former strength, and the people, ap- d
preciating his gallantry in the army, b
and needing his services in the Legis- ;
lature, elected hirj to represent them
in that body in 1864. He was again i
elected to the same trust in 1866, and
in 1867 distinguished himself by his Q
able and vigorous opposition to a tax
measure then before the House, and s
which afterwards became a law, levy- tj
ing a tax of 10 per cent. on the gross
sales that may have been. made by
whiskey dealer;, as well as taxing
the gross incomes of hotel keepers
and other business occupations in a
like manner t
Col. Aiken was Master of the State 8
Grange for two years and was presi- t
dent of the Abbeville Agricultural a
Society for several years, and under t
his management were had some of r
the most excellent exhibitions that t
were ever seen in any county. He t
has always been distinguished for his ~
pronounced Democratic principles
and was a delegate to the National1
Convention at St. Louis in 1876,
which nominated Tilden and Hen
dricks for P'resident and Vice-Presi
dent. lie was chosen as the Demo
cratic Congressional standard bearer
in the historic campaign in 1876. In
those days of .darkness and gloom, it
was difficult to get suitable candi
dates for the different loffices. The
D)emocracy was in such a hopeless
minority, and had so often suffered
defeat that few men cared to be made
targets. The Democratic Club at
Abbeville on the motion of [Ion. A. (
Burt, than whom none were more
wise and sagacious, gave Col. Aiken
a unanimous call to the position of
Congressional leader of the forlorni
hope. This'nominlationl was a sur
prise to Col. Aiken. He had not ex
pected~ it, but he really accepted the
position and went to work with ener
gy and boldness, carrying discom
fiture, discouragement and final de
feat to Chamberlain and his crew.
He was appointed to reply to Gover- t
ernor Chamberlain at a mass meeting
of citizens on Secession Hill, at A bbe.
ville, on Big Tuesday. Chamberlain
and his associates abandoned thei
canvass after that day and1 returnedi
to Columbia by thle 'next train ande
never again appeared in public to
discuss State politics
In 1878 lie was re-elected over
Stolbrand, the Republican candidate,t
by a majority of nearly twenty thou-.
Isand votes at the general election.
Col. Ai ken ,was his own successor
ever since, until at the.last election,
owing to ill-health, lie laid down the
Congressional duties after having
erved his constituency for ten years.
Thie Negro and the Interstate Commerce
-I Bill.
I Atlauta Constitution.
The New York Beraldd calls atten
-tion to a matter that has already been 1
broached in the Constitutiont, namely,
the civil rights provision to be found!
in the interstate conmmerce bill. That
1bill, as our readers will probably dis
cover, before they are thirough with1
Sit, covers a great deal of territory.
It not only persists in regarding the
States as-commercial and geographi
cal entities, but it revives a feature
of the civil rights bill; which created
some commnmotion in the South sev
We may inter from this that it is
very grand and statesmanlike meas
re, and that:its author intends to be
candidate for president. The
round covered by the measure is im
iense. It not only erects barriers
bat do not exist either in geography
r commerce, but it resurrects one
nd of the civil rights bill. For in
tance, section 3 of the law is as fol
)WS:
"It shall be unlawful for any com
ion carrier subject to the provisions
f this act to make or give any undue
r unreasonable preference or advan
%ge to any particular person, com
any, firm, corporation or locality, or
ny description of tratiie in any re
pect whatsoever, or to subject any
articular person, company, firm, cor
oration or locality, or any particu
ir description of traffic, to any un
ne or unreasonable prejudice or dis
dvantage in any respect whatsoever."
Whether the abie Southern con
ressmen who lobbied and voted for
bis measure were aware of the fact
bat they were engaged in resurrect
ig the Sumner bill, we do not know,
ut if they are as able as they claim
be, and as patriotic as they ought
D be, there can be no doubt that they
ad carefully studied the measure
efore they cast their votes for it,
nd, as a matter of course, they must
ave known its far-reaching effects.
)therwise they would stand con
emned before their constituents in
oting for a bill which they had not
yen read.
The section we have quoted is
perative, and as all the important
Dads of the South will be necessarily
riven into interstate combinations
y the very terms of the bill, it must
!low that section 3 will be operative
i all. There is no escaping from
;s provisions. Its language is clear
nd unmistakable. and there is no
etting around it.
As we have said before, the inter
tate commerce bill is a very big
Ling.
Calhoun Day.
The unveiling of the magnificent
tatue to Calhoun, in Charleston, on
he 26th April inst., will be a grand
ffair. The unveiling of this statue
o this, the grandest and greatest
f southern statesmen, will be made
he occasicn for showing the reve
ence ant honor in which he is held
iy his own loved Carolina. Among
he invited guests, the following per.
ons are expected to be present.
isecretary Lamar will deliver .the.
nemorial address.
1. The President of the United
tates and his Cabinet.
2. The Governor of the State and
tate officers.
3. The Governors of each State and
erritory in the Union.
4. Ex-President Jefferson Davis.
5. Hon. W. F. Colcock and wife,
rho were at the deathbed of the
;reat statesmuain.
6. Prof. Rivers and family.
7. Hon. Mr. Venable, of North Caro
u, who was in Congress with Cal
ioun.
8. Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, of Vir
~inia, who was in the Senate with
3alhoun.
9. The survivors of the committee
rho had charge of the Calhoun
>bsequies.
10. The corps of Citadel cadets,
rho will of course join the military
ring of the procession.
Canning Factory for Columbia.
Xeu-s and Courier.
ComnIUaa, April 7.-Mr. J. C.
urner, of this city, has bought a
omplete canning outfit capable of
urning out at present from 3,000 to
,000) two and three-pound fruit and
egetable cans a (day. The capacity
nay be readily increased to 10,000 a
lay. The works will soon be p)ut
to operation. Mr. Turner has rent
d lands near the city from Col.
rhomas Taylor, and will raise vege.
ables for canning purposes. Others
vil follow the example, and the
ruck raising industry in this section
nll receive a great impetus.
sick and 'ired of the Whole Subject.
Edgqeicld Cihronicle.
.Jones, the slayer of the l'ressleys
-we are heartily sick of tile name,
fd of the muan. and of the thought,
nd of the subject !-is still in cur
ail. His ap)plication for bail before
udge Norton, in Columbia, last
eek, was withdrawn-"without prej
udice," as they say in law-to be re.
ewed at some future day before the
supreme Court. The name and
late of this day rest in the bosoms
f his never-flagging and frantically
~athiful attorneys.
There is no telling what is goina
o happen next. The democrat:
arried Rhode Island on Wednesday
lecting their candidate for governo1
nd the whole ticket by 1,500 plural
ty. This is the first democratic vic
try there in fortyyvars.
j Experimental Stations on the Farm.
{ .crs aw Courier.
The complaint has been freely
made that the last two seasons were
particularly unfavorable to the cotton
and corn crops in this part of the
country, and unsuccessful farmers
have generally attributed their f'
ure to this cause. What can be ac
complished, however, even in such
seasons, by intelligent methods, in
cluding deep ploughing and thorough
cultivation, has been strikingly de
monstrated by a number of farmers
in Middle Georgia. the results of
whose experiments have been record
ed in the Atlanta (untitution, and
have attracted widespread attention.
The facts tell their own story, and
are as follows:
Two or three years ago a proimi
nent fertilizer manufacturing house
of Atlanta offered premiums for the
best yield of cotton and corn on one
acre and five acres. In 1885 four of
the leading contestants made 06
bales of cotton on twenty acres, an
average of 3.L bales of 450 pounds
per acre. The names of the four
farmers, the amount'of fertilizer used
by each on the five acres cultivated
by him, and the yield of lint ob
tained from the five acres were as
follows :
Amount of fer- Yield of
't"izer-:bs. lint-lbs.
Geo. W. Truitt, LaGrange. .3.000 7,898
D- :'. Ponder, Ha:spton..... 3,500 7,557
G. 'M Davis&Son, Pope's Ferry 2,000 7,544
R. W. Terry, Fairburn............1,500 677
To:al on 20 acres........ 10,600 29,87
Average per acre 530 pounds of
fertilizer; 1,493 pounds of lint cotton.
This result,was considered to be
so remarkable that it was said by the
farmers who were interested in the
contest that it could never be beaten.
It was badly beaten the next year,
when the four leading contestants
made the following record on twenty
acres :
Amount of fer- Yield of
lilizer-lbs. lint-lbs.
J. C. Sims Iiogansville.........2.000 10,887
R. o. Ray, Palmetto ........ 2,600 10,(9
M. C. Pyson, Palmetto....... 3,200 10,793
G. W. Truitt, LaGrange......... 7,550 s,s33
Total on 20 acres........15,350 41,322
Average per acre, 767 pounds of
fertilizer; 2,066 pounds of lint.
The enorm-ous yield of 1885 was
thus increased nearly 50 per cent. in
1886, the record of 66J bales on 20
acres being .raised to 92 bales, or
from 3) bales to nearly 5 bales per
acre. These figures cannot be ques
tioned, nor can their importance be
readily overestimated. Every farm
er cannot raise 5 bales of cotton to
the acre, nor even 3) bales, but if
any farmer continues to raise one
third of a bale to the acre, as is about
the average perhaps throughout the
South, the fault is plainly in his man
agement, or lack of management, and
not in the land which he neglects,
and then blames for his own faults
and failures.
In the contcst which led to the re
suits we have published, about two
hundred farmers took part, the num
ber being distributed, it is stated,
throughout the three States of Geor
gia, Alabama and Carolina. The
averaige yield obtained by the two
hundred, in 1885, was 782 pounds of
lint to the acre, or more than 1) bales.
The average obtained by the same
number of contestants last year was
960 pounds of lint to the acre, or
considera'ly over two bales.
It will be noticed at once that the
total increase from 66) bales in 1885
to 92 bales in 1886, obtained from
20 acres by the four heading contest
ants, followed a corresponding in
crease in the.total number of pounds
of fertilizer used. It would be a
mistake to conclude from this fact,
however, that success was determined
or measured in any case by the
amount of fertilizer applied. The
largest yield obtained in 1886 from
five acres was obtained by Mr. J. C.
Sims, of Hlogansville, Ga., who used
400 pounds of fertilizer per acre; and
the smallest yield obtained by any of
the four leading contestants in that
year was that obtained by Mr. George
W. Truitt, of LaGrange, Ga., who
used 1,510 pounds per acre. One
tonon five acres gave Mr. Sims 10,
87 pounds of lint. The whole cost
of the fertilizer in this case $30, and
the cotton obtained was worth $902.
Neaaly equally good results were ob
taned by Messrs. Ray and Pyson,
who used but little more fertilizer.
Mr. Truitt applied nearly four tons,
and did not reach as goiod a result
by about 2,000 pounds.
Another conclusion to be devived
from the record, as a whole, is that
the success obtained did not depend
upon locality. Two hundred farms,
scattered throughout three States,
made an average of two bales to the
acre on five acre patches. "This
demonstrates," as the Constitution
well says, "that the average lands
throughout the South, taken any
where and properly treated, will pro
duce two bales of eotton to the acre,
itad of one bale to three acres,"
as is now the rule, and that
"no man has a patent on the process."
This would seem to be sufflicient to
putevery farmer in the South to think
ing, and to encourage them to try new
methods in the management of their
old fields, but there is still more to be
told, to the same purpose. The ex
periments were not confined to cot
ton production alone, and the results
obtained in corn planting were quite
as remarkable as those already nar
rated. In 1885 a number of Geor
gia farmers contested for premiums
offered for the largest corn crops to
be obtained from a single acre. The
entire acreage planted by 300 farm
ers in that year averaged 81 bushels
of shelled coen to the acre. In 18 6
a large number of contestants entered
for the prize, and the average was
advanced from 81 bushels to 102
bushels of shelled corn to the acre.
The premium was won by a farmer
who raised 164 bushels of shelled
corn to t he acre.
The lesson of these facts and fig.
ures is too plain to require to be
stated in terms. He is no farmer
who does not understand it, and who
will not know how to profit by it. It
has been shown that, by a little pru
dent outlay, and by the exercise of
ordinary intelligence in the study
and conduct of his business, a tiller
of the soil in these favored States of
the South "can get from five acres as
much cotton as he has been accu5
tomed to get from sixty acres," at a
smaller cost of cultivation, and leave
the remainder of his land to be de
voted to other purposes.
It has also been shown that corn
can be profitably raised at home, and
these two facts, taken together, afford
a sufficient answer to all the com
plaints that are heard year after year
of the failure of agricultural opera
tions in South Carolina and the neigh
boring States. The fau:t in n'early
every case is with the farmer him
self, not with the seasons or the land.
Poor crops are simply the protest of
a starved and justly indignant soil
against poor treatment. The time
will come, as we have said before,
when, instead of proclaining his re
newed failures every ye:r, at the
crossroads and in the country towns.
the farmer in South Carolina will be
ashamed to acknowledge that he has
failed, because of the confession, in
extricably involved in such acknowl
edgment, that he is only less intelli
gent than his neighbors.
Rhode Island Won for the Democrata.
PROVIDENCE, April 7.-The last
returns were not in until after day
light this morning. The results of
the contest may be summarized as
follows: John W. Davis (Dew.) is
elected Governor by 973 majority.
There is no election for Lieuten-G~ov
ernor or Secretary of State. Zieba
0. Slocum (Dem.) is elected Attor
ney General by 2,518 majority, and
J. G. Perry (Dem.) General Treasu
rer by 2,609 majority. Thc majority
against the woman suffrage amend
ment is 15,123. In the city the en
tire Democratic Assembly ticket is
elected. The Senate stands: Re
publicans 19, Democrats 12, and
there was no election in five cases.
The House will.comprise 27 Republi.
cans and 33 Democrats, with twelve,
districts yet to be heard from. The
vote for Lieutenant-Governor was as
follows : Homey (Dem.) 17,285:' Dar
ling (Rep.) 15,915. Kimbler (Prohib.)
1,853.
An Indiwcreet Preacher.
Cnieioo, April 4.-A special from
Morris,* fI., says: "The trial of the
alleged train robbers, Schwartz and
Watt, was given a most unexpected
turn yesterday by an incident that
will probably destroy the worth of
all the work so far done. By con
sent of counsel and the Court, the
jurors were permitted to attend divine
service at the Methodist Church.
Dr. Axtell, the officiating clergyman.
learned of their presence, and, taking
'as his text the power of little things,
before the astonished congregation
or jury could realize it, he was in the
midst of an address upon the im
portance of apparently trivial cir
cumstances when rightly viewed. As
the train robbers' conviction depends
largely upon circumstantial evidence,
the surprise was great, but Dr. Ax
tell proceeded to tell how a cele
brated criminal'-had once been con
victed after long years by a tell-tale
scrap of paper. A torn checkfigures
largely in the Rock Island case, and
much feeling was expressed after the
services at the singular remarks of
the preacher.
If the prisoners are convicted their
attorneys will demand a new trial on
the ground of undue influence upon
the jury.

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