Newspaper Page Text
ESTATSHED 186 NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 13, 1891. 1C.0Y
SHACKLING JEFFERSON DAVIS.
The Officer Who Did It Describes How It:
[From the Leavenworth Times.]
The following letter was received by
an employee of the Times from his
father, and is of such interest that we
give it to the public:
ROANOKE, S. D., July 4.
MY DEAr SoN : There has been much
said and written about Jefferson Davis
in relation to putting fetters on him at
Fortress Monroe, Va. Some state
ments are in part true and others are
false, and some say he never was
. On the morning of May 23, 1865, I
etailed as officer of the day, and
after guard mount I reported to Gen.
Nelson Miles for special orders in re
gard tc the three State prisoners, Jef
ferson Davis, C. C. Clay, and John
Mitchell, who were confined in separate
gun-rooms or casemates, the embras
ures of which were closed with heavy
iron bars looking out on the moat or
ditch, which is about sixty feet wide.
The first room or casemate had but
one door and two large windows facing
the inside of the fort. The gunroom
had two doors leading in from the
casemate. These were closed by heavy
iron grated doors and locked with pad- 1
locks, nnd at each door in the gun
room with, the prisoner were two sen
tinels with loaded muskets, and in the
casemate were two more sentinels and
officers of the guard, all of which
were under lock and key, the officer of
the day having charge of the keys.
The guard was relieved every two
hours, and that could only be done in
the presence of the officer of the day.
The windovs of the casemate were
also grated with iron bars. The pris
oners occupied every other gunroom,
and the guards not on duty the inter
There was a special guard mounted
of eighty men for those three prisoners,
and the commandant of the fort could
not give any orders of any kind to that
special guard; in fact, he could not
come within its lines. There were four
sentinels on the parapet overhead, four
on the glacis beyond the ditch, and
six in the fort in front of the casemates.
The above statement is just as I found
things the day that Davis was shackled.
I reported to Gen. Miles as the new
officer. of the day. The General said
he had special orders for me as to Jeff
Davis. Having heard it rumored that
mornin z at-.Davis was to be put in
irons .T saidtntheGne,1. *M
I can guess what it is, General." "Well,
what is it, Captain ?" "To put irons on
Davis. He said : "That is it." I said:
"When do. you wish it done ?" He
said: "The irons are not ready." Then
I said: "Had we not better put them
on toward evening ?" He said "Yes,"
and I could send .ny orderly to the
blacksmith's and have him meet me at
that time with the leg irons, and at
the same time he (Gen. Miles) showed
me part of a letter he had from Secre
tary Stanton, in which he said that if
he thought the safety of Davis required
it, he could put irons on Davis, or
words to that effect. The matter was
left optional with Gen. Miles as to
whether Davis should be put in irons
Just before the sundown relief I sent
my orderly out for the blacksmith to
meet me with the leg irons at casemate.
Soon after I went down I found the
smith and his helper there. I then un
locked the door and told the guard to
f"'~et-them pass that is, smith and hel
As I entered the gunroom Davis was
sitting on the end of his cot or hospital
bed reading his Episcopal Prayer Book,
and as he looked up, I said : "Mr.
Davis, I have an unpleasant duty to
execute." At the same moment seeing
the blacksmith with the irons, he saidi:
'.You do not intend to put fetters on
me ?" I said : "Those are my orders."1
He said : "Those are orders for a]
slave and no man with a soul in himi
would obey such orders." I then:
s idd: "Those are my orders." Mr. 1
Davis said : "I shall never submit to 1
such an indignity." He then asked:
if Gen. Miles had given that order.)
My answer was in th - affirmative. He
said he would like to see G3en. Miles. I
replied that the General had just left
the fort. Davis then asked that the I
execution of the order be postponed,
and I should telegraph to the Presi- 1
dent in his name, I said : "Mr. Davis,
you are an old soldier and know what
orders are. It is needless to say that
an officer is bound to execute an order<
given him." Davis said it was obvious<
that there could be no necessity for 1
such an order to make his imprison
ment secure. I said : "My duty is to<
execute this order, and it is folly for
you to resist." Davis's answer was<
that he was a soldier, and he knew2
how to die, and, pointing to a senti- 1
nel, said : "Let your men shoot me at
A few moments after that he placed
his foot on a stool; his quiet manner
led me to think he would not resist. It
then said : "Smitb, do ycur work." I
As the blacksmith stooped to placet
the clasp of the shackle around hist
ankie D)avis struck him a violent blowt
that threwv himi on the floor. He re
covered and at once made for Davist
with his vise and hammer, and wouldt
have struck him if I had not caught <
his arm as he was in the act of striking.t
A moment after that I saw Davis and 1
one of the sentinels struggling, botht
having hold of the musket, Davis justt
beclow the shank- of the bayonet. The f
next instant the sentinel had wrenched 1
the musket from Davis's hands. I then
ordered the soldier to his nost and re-<
aw there would be trouble, so I
rdered the officer of the guard to go
ut and get four of the best men of the
uard with outEide arms and have
hem report to me at once. A few
ainutes afterward four stalwart sol
iers made their appearance. I said:
Men, I wish you to take Mr. Davis,
vith as little force as possible, and
lace him on that cot, and hold him
here till the smith is through with his
As the men advanced Davis struck
he first or foremost man, but all four
nstantly closed on him and shoved
drm on the cot. Davis showed unnat
iral strength ; it was all the four men
ould do to hold him while the black
mith riveted the clasp around his an
zle, his helper holding a sledge ham
ner. The other clasp was locked on
vith a brass lock the same as is in use
n freight cars. I ordered the men to
heir quarters, and as they passed out
)avis lay perfectly motionless. Just
s I was going out Davis raised from
is cot and threw his feet on the floor,
nd with the clanging of the chains he
ave way. I will say here 'iat it was
nything but a pleasant sight to me to
ee a man like Jefferson Davis shed
ling tears, but not one word had he to
Two hours after I called to relieve
he guard and found Davis lying on his
xt. I said: "Mr. Davis, you can't
-est well that way ; if you will give me
rour word of honor that you will give
io more trouble in this matter I will
ulock the shackles so you can take
>ff your clothing." "Captain, I assure
7ou there will be no more trouble. I
hen unlocked the shackles, he taking
)ff his clothing, and locked it again
iimself. JEROME TITLOW,
Late Captain Third Pennsylvania
"Civis's" Reply to Dr. Macune.
To the Editor of The Herald and
ews: I have read in the National
Economist, of August 1, Dr. Macune's
most ungentlemanly" (to use his own
anguage) and vituperative reply to a
.ecent article of mine published in The
Ferald and News as well as in the
Kews and Courier. The Doctor was
.vidently very mad when he wrote it,
nd had laid aside, for the time be
ng at least, those excellent traits as a
'Christian gentleman," which we are
ssured he possesses. At this we are
aot greatly astonished, for the criminal
s apt to think very badly of the detec
+ - dowi and ->rings
:im to bay. Hence Doctor Macune's
iery poor opinion of U. S. Hall, of Mis
;ouri, of Mr. McAllister, of Mississippi,
)f Mr. McGrath, of Kansas, of "Civis"
Lnd others who have been instrumental
.n exposing his venal transactions with
Pat. Calhoun in Georgia. I would
isk you to republish his article entire,
-s illustrative of the character of the
nan who has been proved guilty of at
;empting to sell out the Alliance to one
>f Jay Gould's railroad attorneys, and
whom, notwithstanding, cur farmers
till persist in following so blindly.
But I think so respectable a paper as
[he Herald and News would object to
oiling its columns with such a tirade
>f calumny and vulgar personal abuse;
-a field in which I have no thought of
~ollowing him myself.
My article, be it remembered, was in
eply to an editorial of Dr. J. Win.
stokes in the Cotton Plant, in which I
howed, not by the evidence of Mr.
al or other enemies of Dr. Macune,
>ut by the admissions of both Dr.
stokes and Mr. Latimer, both Dr.
tacune's defenders, and both I be
leve members of the famous Ocala
whitewashing committee, that the
harges against Dr. Macune were true
n every particular.
Dr. Stokes says in his editorial, "Mr.
alhoun had the money to loan; Dr.
Viacune wanted to borrow, he did bor
.-ow of Mtr. Calhoun, (sic); and neither
1e nor Mr. Latimer, both in a position
o know, and both anxious to screen
acune, pretend to deny that he did
yoh borrow the money and receive
.e free railroad pass over the Rich
noud Terminal system. Could we
ave strr>nger or more positive evidence
>f Dr. Macune's guilt? Then, after re
eiving these personal pecuniary favors,
e did, as is notorious, all in his power
o get Calhoun elected to the United
states Senate, thus showing that Cal
ioun, though a young man, like old
)akes Ames, of Credit Mobilier noto
iety, knew where to put his money
'so it would do most good." My arti
le was a mere sifting of the testimony
f others, so to speak; and this was in
>rief what it established. I have nct
>retended to know anything of my
>wn personal knowledge.
In his very ill-natured reply Macunei
!oes not pretend to deny or attempt to
efute anything whatever in my article;:
ut confines himself to low vulgar
buse of "Civis," as if that were hisi
ntire stock in trade.
Well, now, I would like to inform Dr.
facune that abuse from such a man as'
his Georgia transaction has proved
im to be, does not in the least disturb
he mental equanimity of "Civis." On
he contrary "Civis" is rather proud of
he enemy he has made, and e'njoys the
rithing and squirming and contor
ions of such a man under the exposure
o open day-light of his venality and
orruption. It shows better than any
hing else could that "Civis" has hit
riim in a vital spot. Truth hurts worse
an fiction sometimes, and this seems
o e a case in point. Macune had
ondly hoped that his conduct had
>een so deeply covered with whitewash
t Ocala that no more would be heard
>fit. But instead he finds that in a
gone; and that under the exposures
made, not only by his enemies within
the Alliance, but also by the still more
dangerous admissions made by his
friends, his inconsistency, and unrelia
bility, if not corruption, has been more
widely published all over the country
than ever. No wonder then that the
Doctor is mad.
As the natural conseqaence of this
exposure, together with the visionary
financial schemes of the Alliance and
its tendency to the suppression of free
dom of thought and action among its
members, we see the formidable revolt
against Macune's leadel ship in Texas,
where he is best known. We see Mis
sissippi, after an unusually thorough
canvas on both sides, carried over
whelmingly against him. We see an
officially announced falling off in Alli
ance strength here in South Carolina,
where Stokes and Talbert have under
taken to "out-Herod Herod." We see
whole sub-Alliances throwing up their
charters, and abandoning the organiza
tion in disgust. We see a big Alliance
meeting at Prosperity the other day
carried overwhelmingly by Senator
Butler against that ridiculous humbug
invented by Macune-the so-called sub
treasury scheme; and that too in spite
of the efforts of both Stokes and Talbert
to sustain it. These, and many other
signs of the decadence of the Alliance,
we see all over the country as the result
of its most unfortunate control of such
tricky politicians as Macune, who have
"bamboozled" the over-credulous farm
ers and wormed themselves into its
leadership. It will have to shake off
such leadership, or its days of useful
ness aie over. CIVIS.
HE DIED FOR LOVE.
The Agent of the G., C. &N. R. R. at Flshdam
Takes HisOwn Life.
From a gentleman who came down
on the Asheville train last night it was
learned that when the train reached
IF ishdam the people were found to be
in considerable excitement by a suicide
that had just taken place. Mr. S. R.
Lewis, a young man about 25 years of
age and ageut of the Georgia, Carolina
and Northern Railroad, had been pay
ing attention to a young lady and made
her proposals of marriage. Her refusal,
couple with the jeers of some of his
young friends, so preyed on his mind
that at last, yesterday afternoon, he
went into his office and shot himself in
the head with his pistol, death result
ing almost instantly. No further par
ticulars were obtainable last night, but
the above are no doubt the main facts
of the tragic occurrence.
A Fish Line Made of Women's Hair.
LAMBERTVILLE, August 5.-James
Thorne, the village barber, has just
completed a novel fishing line. It is
composed entirely of woman's hair of
every color and shade. Whenever a
customer with particularly long hair
came to have her hair dressed he would
beg of her a few silken threads, which
he would carefully lay away and work
up at his leisure.
This has been going on for five years
until now twenty-five sections, fifteen
inches long, have been completed. Each
section contains 100 hairs. The sections
are so nicely joined that it all appears
to be of one shade. The line is surpri
singly strong and light and will hold
as much weight as any first-class line.
Thorne exhibited the line to some
friends yesterday for the first time.
THE STATE ALLIANCE EXCHANGE.
Manager Donaldson Denies the Rumor
That It Has Sold Out.
[Special to the State.)
GRIEENVILLE, S. C., Aug. 1.-A re
porter to-day interviewed Hon. M. L.
Donaldson, manager of the State Alli
ance Exchange on the report published
in the Cheraw Reporter that the ex
change had been sold out at the Spar
tanburg meeting to the Union Cordage
Company, of New York, the organiza
tion which is trying to gobble the busi
ness of the Southern Alliance ex
changes. He said there is no trurth in
the report, and that the South Carolina
exchange is in no way connected with
or obligated to the Union Cordage
Company, or any other mercantile con
cern. Be was asked about the Rev. J.
A. Sligh's recent sly visit to New York
and said that Mr. Sligh had not done
anything except what he was author
ized to do.
that would guide, unerringly; into the
heaven of health, all that are on the
troubled sea of impaired womanhood!
It is nothing less, nor could be nothing
more, than Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription-frail female's faultless friend
-time-tried and thoroughly tested.
Internal inflammations, irregularities,
displacements, and all ill-conditions
peculiar to woman, controlled, cor
rected and cured, without publicity,
by this safe, sterling specific. Purely
vegetable. Only good can come from
its use. The only remedy of the kind
warranted to give satisfaction, or money
Gong North to Confer With Republicans
CHARLESTON, S. C., August 1.-I
Hendrix' McLane, the organizer of the
White Republican League in this State,
left here for the North to-day. He said
he was going on in response toan invi
tation to meet some prominent white
Republican leaders. He expressed him
self as being much gratified with the
success attending the movement thus
far. Mr. McLane's trip is surmised to
be concerning the next delegation of
South Carolina Republicans to the N~a
tional Convention, and may mean the
arrangement of a combination of the
two of the wings of the party in this
Mrs. Jones hasn't a gray hair in her
head and is over.50. She looks asyoung
as her daughter. The secret of it is.
that she uses only Hall's Hair Re
THE SUB-TREASURY MODIFIED.
Col. Ellison S. Keitt Suggests that States
Borrow from the General Government
and to Loan Dircctly to the People.
ROSE MOUNT, GLENN SPRINGs, S.
C., July 30.-The advocates of the sub
treasury scheme have never claimed
that the bill prepared by the legisla
tive committee and introduced in the
House of Representatives by the Hon.
Mr. Pickler is perfect. All they de
mand is the principles in the bill shall
be retained. Having demonstrated in
a former article that every principle
contained in the bill is in full accord
with the Constitution of the United
States, I will now proceed to show
how the scheme can be put in full
operation without the erection of ware
houses or the appointment of agents
by the general government and leave
the States with all their rights and
I will speak alone of South Caroli
na, and what I say of her will apply to
each of the other States.
The National Farmers' Alliance and
Industrial Union demand a per capita
circulation of $50. How is this money
to be had and how aro the people to
get it into their hands? The Supreme
Court of the United States has de
clared that the Government of the
United States, being a sovereign power,
can declare anything money and from
it there is no appeal. Whatever the
general government declares a legal
tender in payment of debts is money.
South Carolina has in round numbers
1,000,000 of people. Fifty dollars per
capita in circulation will put $50,000,
000 into the hands of the people. Let
the general government print $50,000,
000 of legal tender notes receivable for
all debts, both public and private, and
advance them to the State of South
Carolina, taking her obligation for
them, charging the State only the
cost of printing the notes, which will
be a small fraction of 1 per cent. Let
this money pass into the State treas
ury. Let one-half of it be loaned to
the people on real estate property re
stricted and secured at 2 per ct. per an
num for ten years, the interest and one
tenth of the principal to be paid back
to the government at the end of each
year; the other half to be advanced on
any of the five staple products, cotton,
wheat, corn, cats or tobacco for one
year on terms absolutely safe. This
will give the country a currency both
inflexible and elastic and will meet all
the demands of business. As the pop
ulation increases let the amount of
money in circulation correspondingly
increase so as to make it stable. These
notes ba.ed on the credit of the nation
will be good anywhere in our borders.
The government of the United States
will be absolutely safe as the property
of the whole State will be security for
them. The State can suffer no detri
ment as the property of each individ
ual will be responsible for what he or
she borrows. On real estate no one
person should be allowed to borrow
over $3,000 or less than $100.
Fifty million dollars loaned out to
the people by the State at 2 per cent.
will yield a revenue of $1,000,000 which
will mean all the expenses of the State
government and relieve the people
from taxation. This can be operated by
the State treasurer and the county
treasurers. Make it mandatory on the
county treasurers to report at the end
of each day to the State treasurer with
penalties so heavy and certain as to
prevent any failure to do so and the
State treasurer to publish at the end of
each month the exact condition so all
the people can know what is being
done. Each State will be responsible
only for the money she receives and
loans to her people,and can keep a close
watch over it. Let us have one dis
tinctive American money, which will
be good everywhere in our borders, and
we will not be affected by any financial
disasters that may befall other nations.
There will be no need for government
ware houses or agents. The people of
each State will manage their own
affairs without any interference from
outside. If this plan is adopted the
rights and dignity of the States will
remain unimpaired and the people will
save vast sums they now pay to banks
and corporations in interest for money,
and what they pay will go into the
State treasury and save taxation. The
present financial system is based on the
bonds of the government. The last of
thes bonds are due in 190'7. With their
payment the last of the national banks
will disappear and with them the pre
sent financial system. We can not be
gin too soon to inaugurate a new sys
tem, one that will benefit the whole
Associate Justice Gray, in delivering
the decree of the Supreme Court of the
United States in a case involving the
validity of the legal tender act, said:
"The court says in conclusion, congress,
as the legislative of a sovereign nation,
being expressly empowered by the con
stitution to levy and collect taxes to
pay debts and provide for the common
defenzse and general welfare of the
United States, and to coin money and
regulate thie value thereof and of for
eign comn, and being clearly authorized
to coin as incidental to the exercise of
those great powers, to emit bills of
credit, to charter national banks and to
provide a national currency for the
whole people in the form of coin, trea
sury notes and national bank bills, and
the power to make notes of the govern
ment a legal tender in payment of
private debts, being one of the powers
belonging to sovereignty in other civi
lized nations, and not expressly with
held from congress by the constitution,
we are irresistibly impelled to the con
luion that impreane nnon trasury
notes of the United S 'es the quality
of being legal tender in payment of
private debts is a means conducive and
plainly adapted to execution of the un
doubted power of congress consistent
with the letter and spirit of the consti
tution; therefore within the r 2aning
of that instrument necessary and pro
per for carrying into execution the
powers vested by this constitution of
the government of the United States."
The above extract from the decision
of the court shows clearly that it is the
duty of the general government to pro
vide a currency for the whole people.
The condition of the country de
mands that it be done without delay
if the financial disa3ter that is now
impending is to be averted.
The plan suggested is simple and
the writer believes eminently practical
and will meet every demand.
ELLISON S. KEITT.
COLONEL KEITT'S SUGGESTION.
The sub-treasury scheme seems to be
flexible enough to suit anybody and
elastic likewise. It started a few months
ago as a full fledged bill before Congress
with details, provisions and appropria
tions all complete. It has gradually
contractedand twisted until it has now
become a mere abstract principle and
that not very well defined but supposed
to be that more currency is needed in
. It is stated in to-day's dispatches
that the Kansas Alliance is repudiat
ing the whole thing. We are not sur
prised by that,. for we believe as cool
head, sensible men study the thing
they will be more and more convinced
of its folly and danger. Nor are we
surprised to find a thinker like Colonel
Keitt, whose letter is printed to-day,
abandoiing many of the essential feat
ures of the scheme and suggesting some
widely different methods.
All of us can agree that our currency
and the manner of its distribution re
quire legislation. It can now be con
trolled by a very few hands; and, as
C'olonel Keitt shows, in a few years the
retirement of the United States bonds
will make some new basis necessary.
Our financial system heretofore has
been a series of makeshifts and experi
ments, some successful and others un
successful, but all temporary. We must
have a permanent and settled system.
Work for all time can not be scram
bled through in a hurry. It can not be
done by crazy enthusiasts or vulgar po
litical schemers or noisy howlers. Nor
can it be done by excessive- caution or
timid conservatism or the reckless and
insolent bigotry that regards every
thing new as being destructive.
We believe the new currency system
will be a compromise, probably the
combination of the best parts of half a
dozen or more schemes and proposi
tions. Every suggestion in that line
ought to be studied closely and with
tho guidance of common sense and
sound principles to see what good there
is in it, or if there is any.
The sub-treasury idea as originally
suggested appeared to us to combine all
possible bad and dangerous features,
methods and principles. It provided
for the dependence of the people direct
ly upon the central government, for de
basing the currency by establishing it
on an uncertain and fiuctuating basis,
for putting the farmer and the govern
ment together in the hands of the spec
ulator. Its every provision was full of
opportunities for fraud, favoritism,
plundering and tyranny. It could not
do what it intended to do. In princi
ple it was class legislation of the worst
kind; in actual operation it would have
ruined all classes alike.
Colonel Keitt evidently understands
some of the most glaring and serious
faults of the sub treasury scheme and
offers a plan for avoiding them. He
proposes to have the original transac
tion in currency, involving the first
removal of the currency from the gov
ernment printing house, between the
State and the central government-a
loan and borrow between two separate
and sovereign powers. That is un
doubtedly a very great improvemeht
on the old scheme. If the citizen is to
look for financial help anywhere out
side the usual channels of commerce
he had far better look to his State than
to the general government.
The general idea of all these plans is
to shut out the middle man between
the government which manufactures
the money and the people who use it
The purpose is to make the flow direct
and easy and to have on money as lit
tle tax as possible in the way of interest
and commissions for bankers and
others who handle it in its progress
Colonel Keitt's suggestion is to- make
each State the banker for its people,
receiving and using for the people what
profit is made.
Of course a host of objections to Col.
Keitt's scheme r d every other based
on that principle are immediately sug
gested to the mind. One of the first is
the lack of a foreign currency--some
thing to do our trading with other
peoples with. We can by law make
anything currency in our own coun
try, but we can not force it for accept
ance by the remainder of the world,
and that fact would probably give us
two bases of currency, the one availa
ble for foreign trade steadily increasing
and the other steadily! decreasing in
value. Beyond-this is the peril of mak
ing auy government the creditor of its
people. Again it would be practically
impossible to adjust the ebb and flow
of currency so accurately as to prevent
serious inequalities and disturbances
and discriminations in favor of one sec
tion or person over others. One of the
first results of such a measure would be
stead of buying securities or loaning
their money out. They would look to
reuts or to cultivation on a wholesale
plan to pay them profits on their pos
sessions and the small independent far
mer would become a thing of the
Nevertheless, Colonel Keitt's idea is
a long step away from the sub-treasury
and toward sounder and more demo
cratic principles, and we are glad to
THE HISTORY OF A POEM,
It Forms One of the Most Touching Inc
dents of the Civil War.
One of the finest poems in the mod
ern literature of song is that one known
everywhere by its first pathetic line,
"I am dying, Egypt, dying,"
And which was written by Gen. Wil
liam Haines Lytle, on the eve of the
battle of Chickamauga. We are in
debted to the late Col. Realf, poet, au
thor and soldier, who shared the for
tunes of war with his friend, Gen.
Lytle, for an account of the pe.uliar
circumstances under which the poem
Col. Realf shared the tent of Gen.
Lytle on the night preceding the battle.
The two friends were both given to
writing poems at such times, and each
had an unfinished poem on hand.
They read and criticised each other's
efforts humorously for some time, when
Gen. Lytle said with a grave smile:
"Realf, I shall never live 1 finish
"Nonsense," said his friend, "you
will live to write volumes of such stuff."
"No," said the general, solemnly,
"as I was speaking'to you a feeling
came over me suddenly, which is more
Atartling than prophecy, that I shall be
killed in to-morrow's fight."
Col. Realf asked him to define this
feeling, and he said:
"As I was talking to you I saw the
green hills of Ohio as they looked when
I stood among them. They began to
recede from me in a weira way-and as
they disappeared the conviction flashed
through me like the lightning's shock
that I should never see them again."
Gen. Lytle was a native of Ohio, and
dearly loved his birth-state.
Col. Realf laughed at his friend, and
rallied him upon his superstition, but
acknowledged afterwards that helbe
came so thrilled himself with an un
natural fear that -he begged the general
to finish the poem before he slept, that
such fine work mightnot be lost to the
In the small hours, Gen. Lytle awak
ened his friend from the slumber into
which he had fallen, to read to him
that beautiful poem, which must live
as long as our literature survives.
Imagine the scene. The two men
united by the bonds of friendship, of
congenial tastes, both ready and wil
ling to face death on the morning in its
direst form, scanning by the light of
their tent lantern each other's features,
when the finished poem had been read
Col. Rlealf said that his own eyes
filled with tears, but the general said
not a word, as he placed the manuscript
in his pocket and lay down to hisilast
night's rest upon the earth.
Before dawn came the call to arms.
When Realf next saw his friend be lay
cold in death among the heaps of slain.
Then he thought of the poem, and
searching the pocket where he had seen
him place it, he drew it forth, and for
warded in to Ge... Lytle's friends with
his other effects. We give the poem in
its entirety, feeling sure all will renew
their admiration of it, when they read
under what tragic circumstances I was
ANToNY AND CLEOPATRA
I am dying, Egypt, dying !
E bbs the crimson life-tide fast,
And the dark Plutonian shado-vs
Gather on the evening blast.
Let thine arm, 0, queen, supp,ort me,
Hush thy sobs and bow thine ear,
Hearken to the great heart secrets
Thou, and thou alone, must hear.
Though my scarred and veteran legions
Rear their eagles high no more,
And my wrecked and scattered galleys
Strew dark Actium's fatal shore;
Though no glittering guards surround
Prompt to do their master's will,
I must perish like a Roman
Die the great Triumvir still !
Let not Cresar's servile minions
Mock the lion thus laid low;
Twas no foeman's arm that felled him;
'T was his own that dealt the blow
His, who, pillowed on thy bosom
Turned aside from glory's ray
His, who, drunk with thy caresses,
Madly threw a world away.
Should the base plebeian rabble
Dare assail my fame in Rome,
Where my noble spouse, Octavia,
Weeps within her widowed home.
Seek her! ..ay the gods have told me
Altars, augurs, circling wings
That her blood with mine commingled,
Yet shall mount the throne of kings.
As for thee, star-eyed Egyptian !
Glorious sorceress oft the Nile !
Light the path to Stygian horrors
With the splendors of thy smile.
Give to Ctesar crowns and arches,
Let his brow his laurel twine;
I can scorn the Senate's triumphs,
Triumphing in love like thine.
I am dying, Egypt, dying ;
Hark ! the insulting foeman's cry !
They are coming ! Quick, my falchion'
Let me front them ere I die.
Ah ! no more amid the battle
Shall my heart exulting swell;
Isis and Osiris guard thee
-[GEN. WILLIAM H.. LYTLE.
Much injury i: done by the use of ir
ritating, griping compounds taken as
purgatives. In Ayer's Pills, the patient
has a mild but effe& ive cathartic, that
can be confidently r commended alike
for the mos.t delicate patients as well as
the most robust.
ME. FOPE N. CROUCH sUICIDES.
He Could Not Face the Disgrace and the
Troubles Which surrounded Him, So
He Took Befuge in Death-Augusta's
Gambling Hell Got His Money.
[Augusta Chronicle 4th.]
Mr. Pope N. Crouch, of Johnston, S.
C., a drummer for J. L. Friedman &
Co., vinegar dealers in Paducah, Ky.,
committed suicide at the Planters
Hotel Tuesday night some time after
The dead man was not discovered
until 1.50 o'clock yesterday, when the
startling discovery was made by the
bell boy, John Jones, who went with
the chambermaid to the room to clean
Jones saw Mr. Crouch lying in bed
with his right arm under his head. and
the sheets covering him to his waist.
He touched Mr. Crouch, and finding
that the man was cold and stiff, he
hastily informed the clerk, Mr. Lyeth,
and he, with Mr. George Gren, went
up to the room. They turned Mr.
Crouch over on his back. His limbs
were rigid, and he had probably been
dead at least six hours.
In the bureau they found an empty
bottle of morphine, and two letters
sticking on the side of the glass. The
empty bottle of morphine revealed the
method of his death. There was a label
on it, but there was no name to give a
clue as to whom the bottle was pur
LETTER TO THE DRUMMERS
One of the two letters was addressed
"To My Dear Drummer Friends," and
the other to his wife, Mrs. P. N.
The letter to the drummers was
opened and read. It was an appeal to
them to look after his wife and baby,
and closed by saying that troubler that
he was unable to bear was the cause of
his rash act. This letter showed that
the case was one of suicide, which up
to that time the genlemen were not
certain about, as Mr. Crouch was
known to be afflicted with heart trouble,
he having had a severe attack at the
Arlington hotel during the Drummers?
couvenion, mention of which was
made in The Chronicle at the time.
The letter to his wife, which evident
ly gave the cause of his rash act, was
not then opened.
Mr. C. H. Moorman, of this city, a
brother-in-law of Mr. Crouch was sent
for, and Coroner Clarke was notified.
Mr. Moorman also sent for Mr. S. I
Crouch, a brother of the dead man
who lives in Harrisburg.
Neither Mr. Moorman nor Mr
Crouch could throw any lighs on the
cause which led to the suicide, Mr
Moorman thought that Mr. Crouch hac
leftithe city Saturday,ashe (Mr Crouch)
had told Mr. Moorman he intended t<
THE CORONER'S INQUEST.
At 5 o'clock Coroner Clarke held am
inquest, the only witnesses being Mr
Lyeth, day clerk of the hotel, Mr. King
night clerk and the bellboy, Jones.
Mr. Lyeth said he had not seen Mr
Crouch since Sunday, at which time hi
had registered at the hoteL. The de
ceased did not seem to be inthe best o
spirits. He then told of the finding thi
body and the letters.
Mr. King stated that when he wen
on duty Sunday night he saw that Mr
Crouch was registered. About 12 o'cloc!
that night Mr. Crouch came with
"how are you," and as5ked what room
he was to go to. Mr. King told him th<
same one, room 31, 'on the first floor
Mr. Crouch then told Mr. King not tA
put his room down on the registe
opposite his name, as he did not wisi
his brother-in-law, Mr. Moorman, ti
know he was still in the city, as hi
(Crouch) had told Mr. Moorman tha
he was going out of the city Saturday
Mr. King consented to do this, and Mr
Crouch, requesting to be called at i
o'clock, went up to his room. He cami
down at 6 o'clock and went up thi
street. Monday mght he came in abou
the same time, and after some conver
sationi with Mr. King he went up stair
to bed, first, however, leaving a call fo3
6 o'clock, as he said he wanted to gel
off' on the South Carolina train. Tues
day morning he came down as usual
and again went up thestreet.
THIRD AND LAST TIME.
Nothing more was seen of him b3
Mr. King, until Tuesday Inight, aboul
1 o'clock. When he entered the hotel
he said: "How are yoi: to night, Mr
"I am well; thanks. How are you?'
replied Mr. King.
"I am feeling very well," said Mr
Crouch. He then asked Mr. King fo,
some writing-paper and ink, stating
that he had some letters to write before
going to bed. Ordering a pitcher of ice
water, he went up stairs. When he
entered the room, he remarked to the
boy. "This room sn'ells mighty bad."
The boy said it was the new furniture.
L. Crouch then closed t he door, with.
out locking it. This was the last seen
of Mr. Crouch alive. He failed to leave
an order f.r-his usual early call.
LOST MONEY GAMBLING.
The letter to his wife was then opened
by the coroner and read, it revealing
the story of his misfortune and the
cause for which he took his life.
The letter was nine pages long, the
substance of which is as follows:
MY DARLING WIFE AND BABY:
When this reaches you I will be in
eternity. It is now past midnight.
When I kissed you and baby last Satur
day morning and promised to return
Satur lay night, you little thought it
would be the last time you would see
me. If I could only see you, kiss you
and bid you farewell before my end, I
could die mn peace. Iam so sorry that I
am leaving you in such a bad condition,
but I could not stand the disgrace and
He then stated that his downfall and
death were due to the gambling hellsof
He said he had lost $20 since Satur
day, and$400 besides in the past month.
He mentioned four gaming houses In
Augusta at which he had lost money,
and advised his wife to employ a law
yer and recover it, as the law was rigd
against such gaming houses, and she
could get back the money, which would ,.
greatly help her in gitting along.
He had intended to be a betterman
and live right if he could have gotten,
through his present trouble, but he
could see no way out of it but in death.
A PRAYER AND A WARNMNG.
I hope God will take care of you, and:
forgive me for this rash act. Ihavo..
asked my drummer friends to help you
to run a boarding house. I pray God to
save my soul.
The letter closed with the words:
"Let this be a - warning to all young
men, and that they never touch a
The coroner's jury, after hearing the
evidence and the letter, returned aver
dict that the deceased came tohilest
from a dose of morphine, and that It
His body was then taken to the train
and carried to his home in Johnston,
S. C., for burial.
Mr. Crouch was 3 years of age, bom
and raised in Johnston, S. C., and was;
well known in Augusta. Hewas adark
brunette, weighing, perhaps two hun
-"Ver CWVIan. - 1
LElephant, in N. C. WaId.]
Amid the upheavel of the political
elements Cleveland stands silent and
alone. Cold and indflerent to every
thing, base must even that partisan.
opponent ofhis%bewho has*ot a hearty
and stout admiration for him. ..--I
solitary grandeur of his firmne, h'
calm and imperturbable integrity arew
study for friends aad foes alike; and -
more thought sho:d be given to hIIW
position by every sensible and hoaoiR
To say he is stubb:>rn is the height
folly-it is not worth notice. Toa
he is mistaken is almost an
for Carlisle says he sjdes with the
as against Cleveland only on
Yes, alas, it is "political ne
that by far too many prominent pa
characters will bow before; and
will trim their seils to suit the breeme
popular clamor. He has been charged
Who ;made that vbage, ai
Dana. If the world was ran
find to peerof Mr. Danainsometh
his equal would never be fbnd.
reckless and envious assertion he
foremost among the editors - of th
Time will vindicate
don't you forget it it. He is. the
independent politinian inAmerica
We are aia-glad to chronlele a
new idea, eseialwenitis pms
of such great merit as that wIh
now presented to usin the
herof Demorest's Family
which has just arrived. Oneof
leading ariss agameoflhaphlln ?
played out on paper by means ofb
executed illustrations with
descriptions of' aeh move. Those wo
have attempted to epanthe~m.f
baseball to asister,-wfe orwfet./
know what an almost heintasU
Iwas. Now here Is the whole dj
done for you, and so cleverlyadeaiy
that after reading It awoman willbes
anxious as any one ot the other sex ~
see a match, and she will never
say, "Well! what is there in
anyhow?" The article will save ys
hours of ato,and -show
whic~ strives to ye the
what they want. ThsAugust nume
is certainly very attractive. "A
Day at Cairo," with its beautiful
trations, 'im a splendid Idea of home
lifein Egp; "Summer's Bird" Is o
of Olive Thrne Miller'scamIg
as fascinating as tennis: theme are a
sorbing stories and beautiful poems;.
the numerous departments are over
flowing with godand seasonable
things; and In adition there areo
two hundred fine Iiustrations,ind~
ing a beautiful water-colorof 'S *
lows." It is published by W. Jnig
Demorest, at 15 East 14th 25t.,Ne
York. Price 20 cents; or $2per ar
Any of our local newadealers wilbe
glad to supply it.
The Biggest Engine inthe Wesr.
(From the Philadelphia Press.] .
It is not strange at all that the big- ~
gest enginelin the world is exercising -
itsponderous strength in Pennsylvanha
"The President," as it is called, Is con
stantly at work pumping water froma
the zinc mines atFriedensville, Lehigh
county. Its enormous power is that of
5,000 horses, or as it is computed, of
35,000 men. In the same county te
is still preserved at Hokendauquath
first engine ever used In Lehigh,an
set up at Allentown by Eli Sager i
"Look me in the face!. My name I
I am also called 'No-more,' 'Too-late,
The poet w'o wrote the sbove, must
haye been In the last saeofonm
tion. Perhaps he had ony eaned o
the first time, that If he hdtakenDr
Pierce's Golden Medical DsoeyIn
his earlier illness, he would neverae
reached his present hoeescondition!
Whatean bemore sad tha akeeL re
alization of what "mh have been?"
Physicians now t thatonmumlp.f
tion assipscrofula in the bloo& at-M
tacking th ung-tissues. It Is never -
safe to alw the blood to remain In,
pure, and it is especially re1rlmm, whenz
such a pleasant harmless remedy as-.
Dr. Pierce's GodnMedical Discovery
will drive every taintof scrofiulacr l
purity from the system,a
rent of helh, eaenangb e
lead through thyes