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ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY. S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1, 1893. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
THE ANNALS OF NEWBERRY.
A GlImpse of its Contents-The Index of
Academy, Bethel, 53.
Academy, Newberry, 68.
Auger, (screw) invented by Ben
jamin Evans, a Quaker, inhabi
tant of Newberry, (note) 36.
Agricultural Society, Newberry, 138
Academy, Female, 138.
Anderson, John, 85.
Adams, Dr. Freeborn; 131.
Battle of Musgrove's Mills, Col.
Shelby's account, 263.
Battle of King's Mountain, (Ram
say's His'ory of Tennessee,) 266.
Col. Willis' account, 276.
Bounty Grants and Headrights, the
cause of the adhesion of the Irish
and Germans to the King, 24.
Boyce, Ker, memoir, 97.
Boyd, Hugh K., 114.
Bonds, James, 117.
Boyce, Robert, 118.
Boyce, John, Jr., iS.
Brown, John G., Esq., I26.
Boyce, John, Sr., and his sons, 45.
Boozer, David, 137.
- Baptist Church, Bush River, origin,
pastors and history, 141.
Bonds, Noah, anecdote of shooting
a man with his big rifle across
Broad-River at Fish Dam ford, i59.
Brown, Jacob Roberts, memoir, x86.
Boyce, Capt Alexander, death at
siege of Savannah, 213.
Burke, Judge, 235.
Brown, Win. Spencer, Chief Engr.
G. & C. R. R., Appendix, 307.
Baptist Settlement on fork between
Little River and Saluda, 55.
Brooks, Daniel, 88.
Crenshaw, Charles, 54.
Coxes, the, and anecdotes, 6o.
Clarey, CoL Daniel, 6o.
Conwill, Joe, cured of hydrophobia,
Chapman, Rev. Giles, 65.
Clegg, Richard, schoolmaster, 68.
Coate, John, (little) 79.
Coate, Capt. Henry, with an anec
dote relative to the resurrection
of Tannyhill, executed for horse
stealing by the settlers, 79.
Cappleman's troop of cavalry, anec
dote (note), So.
Caldwell, William, (Long Billy) 96.
Cureton, Thos. Taylor, 102.
Carwile, John S., memoir, 1o3
Cannon, Col. Samuel, 107.
Chambers, Alexander, 117.
Coate, Marmaduke, 121.
Crenshaw, Judge Anderson, 124.
Caldwell, John, Esq., 125.
Caldwell, Chancellor James J., 127.
Chandler, Mordecai, 158.
Cureton, Capt John Caldwell and
John Clarke, 159.
Campbell, John, 168.
Calmes, William, memoir, 178.
Caldwell, Major John, memoir, 205
Calhoun, Patrick, anecdote, 205.
Cunningham, Capt William, 2o9.
Caldwell, Win., memoir, 229.
Caldwell, James, memoir, 234.
Constables imprisonment at New
berry, 1807, the origin of the Act
of 1811, 56.
County Court Acts and County
Court of Newberry, 13.
Carnes' substitute for a gown, 19.
Carnes' trick upon Shaw at, 20.
Paddy Bradley's advice to, 18.
Robert Starks' practical defini
tion of assault and battery on
Peter Carnes, 20.
Ditch Fork, German settlement, its
inhabitants and founders, 2!.
Dutch Fork and its inhabitants, 22.
German Honesty, anecdote, 81.
*DeGraffenreid and Mitchell, agree
ment to transport the Palatines to
North Carolina, 22.
Lands of the Palatines, (note) 22.
Dugan, Col. Thomas, 53.
*Dunkers, or Dunkards, 65.
Downs, John and Thomas, 67.
Daugherty, James, (note) 95.
Dugan, George, 116.
Durkie, Nathaniel, 118.
Davidson, John B., 120.
Dunlap, Robert, Esq., 127.
Dobson, Dr. Daniel, 132.
Divver, James, 136.
Bastland, Ezekiah, 115.
Eppes, George F., 128.
Eddins, Benjamin, memoir, 247.
Eddins, William, memoir, 249.
Enoree and Duncan's Creek settle
Edwards Family, 59.
Fair, William and his sons, 41.
Fleming, James, subject of Lynch
Fleming, James, an accident to him
and a subsequent surgical ope-a
Finch, Edward, 54.
Finch, Dr. Ivy, death, 54
--Farnandis, James, 94.
Fork between Enoree and Tiger
Rivers, and its inhabitants, 150
Devotion of its people to liberty,
Frean, the Rev. Thos., 79.
Ferguson, Colonel, his march before
the battleof King's Mountain, 16x
Fire in Charleston, Jan., 1778, 213.
Flour, high price of in the war of
-Freshet of August, IS52-its effects
in South Carolina, North Caro
lina, Georgia and Alabama, 298.
Friends' (called Quakers') settle
ment, names of inhabitants, 28.
Account of, 30.
Gray, Major Frederick, 24..
Gordon, James, and an anecdote, 47.
Gregg, William, 42.
Gunn, David, (note) 91.
Gould, William, 62.
Gould, John, 93-94
Gracy, John I., 122.
Gray, Simon P., Esq., 127.
Grasty, Sashal, 157
Griffin, Gen. John K., 148.
Griffin, Col. B. F., 149.
Gordon, Thomas, a Revolutionary
Gsoldier, and first Sheriff of New
Gillam, Elizabeth, memoir, 199.
illam, Major Robert, memoir, 242.
illam. Robert, (the son of Major
Robert,) memoir, 245.
Glenn, Col. David, memoir, 19o.
Glenn, Col. John, Dr.bGeorge W.,
(sens of Col.- David,) 198.
Greenville and Columbia Railroad,
when it reached Newberry, 77;
injury to it in the freshet of 1852,
296; 'writing to assess the Stock
holders' account of it, 314.
Hunter, William, Irish weaver
great age of, 41.
Hughes, James, one hundred and
ten years old, (note) 44.
Husband, Young, his castle, and an
Howe, James, schoolma~ster, 67.
Rodgers, Rev. N. W., 78.
Harrmngton, Y oung John, memoir,
Higgins, F. B., 114.
Holman, John, 122.
Hutchison, Hiram, 122.
Harrington, Spencer C., 129.
Henderson, John, 164.
Harriss, Burr Calvert, memoir, 167.
Hayni.e,aimilan, memoir, 224.
Irish settlement, Stone Halls, names
of inhabitants, 4o.
Mills and inhabitants, 42.
Irish anecdotes, 45.
Indians' irruption of 1760, 49.
Julien, Peter, suicide, 86.
Jones, L. J., 115.
Johnston, John, 117.
Johnston, Dr. Burr, 132.
Jones, Capt. Johnson, Charles Lit
tleton, and William Greer, i6o.
Johnson, David, ex-Governor, trib
ute to his memory, Appendix, 320.
Kelly, James and Edmund, 53.
Kelly, James, 157.
Ker, Samuel, first lawyer at New
Kinard, Gen. H. H., 109.
Kinard, Maj. John P., 109.
Kenner, Samuel E., Esq., 164.
Long's Bridge, settlement there,
Lyles, Col. James, 52.
Long, Maj. Benjamin, 59.
Lindey, Samuel, Ordinary, 83.
Lewis, Jacob, and an anecdote, 85.
Further description of the locality
of the town, 77.
Fidelity of public officers in the
Lyles, Col. John, 156.
Lyles, (others of the name than
Col. John,) 156.
Love, Matthew, his execution, by
James Caldwell and others, 235;
Article preceding the account
given in the records of the Court
at Ninety-Six, 237.
Account taken from the journals
of the Court at Ninety-Six, 238.
Merchandise, prices in 1777-1783,
McQuerns, Samuel, residence, and
great physical powers, 40.
Description of the sinking of the
Royal George at Spithead, 40.
McCalla, one of the Irish Patriots,
romantic history, 43.
McMorries, Capt. John, 44.
Marshall, James, his test of an hon
est lawyer, 46.
McCreless, George, 46.
McKee, Robert, and the Boyds, 47.
Moon, Dr. W. M., 58.
Methodist Meeting House, first in
the district, (note) 62.
Musgrove, Col. John, 63.
Meeting of the Scofelites and Reg
ulators, 64; anecdote of a man
who supposed himself to be shot
at that meeting, 64.
Meeting, the last Quaker, 292.
Mitchell, John B., schoolmaster, 68.
McCreless, John, 87.
McNeill, Mrs., 88.
Malone, William, io.
McKibben, James, Esq., 123.
Milling, David T., Esq., 124.
Moon, Dennis L., Esq., 128.
Mendenhall, Dr. M. T., memoir, 132.
Mangum, Rev. Daniel, memoir, 145.
Maybin, Col. Benjamin, and his
Maybin Matthew, James Chandler,
Mark and Charles Littleton's suc
cess in capturing part of Tarle
ton's baggage-train after the Bat
tle of Cowpens, 162.
Mackel Duff, Daniel, 16r.
McCullough, Robert, ii9.
Mayer, Dr. 0. B., 140.
Newberry district, origin, name of,
situation, size, boundaries, pro
Town, location, il.
Original settlers of the district, 21.
Nance, Major Frederick, Sr.
Nance, Robert Rutherford, Esq.,Io8,
Nance, Drayton, Esq., 114.
Newberry, date of settlement, 51.
Ninety-Six, District of, division int<
counties, towns, &c., 13.
O'Nea11, Mrs. Anne, tribute, 211.
O'Nea11, Hugh, memoir, 278.
Palatines sent from England, ani
settlement at Saxe-Gotha, 22.
Parkins, Capt. Daniel, memoir, 169
Pope, Thos. H., Esq., 115-.
Pratt, Thos., merchant, his journe:
in 1813 and 1814 to Philadelphia
and Amelia Island, 119.
Pinchback, William, and his spec
ulation in oil stones from Balti
Parks, Anthony, 53
Pitts, Reuben, 109.
Pope, Joseph D., letter, Appendix
Riley, Hezekiah, 6i.
Ria11s, swap of wives. 67.
Sunmmer, Col. John Adam, anec
"Spence, Samuel, (tailor) 43.
Springfield, when settled, So
Starke, Thomas, (note) 52.
Stevens family, 59.
Scofel, Colonel oftheSchopilites, 63
Summers, Joseph, 65. ..
Strong, Rev. Charles, memoir, 68.
Satterwhite, William, elopement c
his wife with William Craig, witi
some account of the latter, 84.
Sherman, Simon T., Sq.
Schoppert, George, his wife an
Speake, John, Sheriff, and th
whipping of John Sloan, 90.
Stringfellow, Henry, IIS.
Summer, Nicholas and John, 140.
Shell, Dr. Thomas, 131
Sentence on Motley and Black
ledge, 318. 7
Stewart, Robert, 122.
Tatleton's Camp on Bush River
time ascertained from his quartei
master's report, 36.
Route in pursuit of Morgan, 36.
Lord Cornwallis' order to, and de
scription of Camp on Bush Rives
from his campaigns, 36.
Turner, William, 49.
Todd, Dr. Samuel, and his "baes,
Thweatt, John, and an anecdote, 8~
Tinsley, James W., z16.
Tinsley, Golding, memoir, 219.
Vaughan, Nicholas, and sons, 84.
Vessels, Shadrach, 16o.
Vessels, Charles, the father; nurtur
of his grandchildren; murder of
sentinel at Augusta; refusal t
stop a leak in the vessel in whic
he was sent a prisoner to Eng
land; and chopping off the hea
of an Indian, 16o.
Whipoor-will and Chuck-will
Widow, the night bird's (note) 24
Worthington, John, 6i.
West, John, xoo years old, 63.
Waters, P. B. Sheriff; 91.
Wilson, William, 113
Waldo, Dr. Joseph W., I30.
Waldo, Dr. Benjammn, 136.
Waters, Col. Philemon, memoir, 175
Wood, Ichabod, 168.
Williams, Col. James, 252.
I. The Friencds and their Migra,tio
to Qlhio, 329-359,
Jones, David, 329,
Jay, John, and his sons, 347
McCoole, Gabriel, 336.
Miles, Samuel, David, William, 34,
Mlls, William, 344.
Mitchell, John B., 358.
O'Nea1, William, 342.
O'Nea1, Henry, 359.
oearson Thomas. 333.
Pearson, Benjamin, William, 334.
Pemberton, Isaiah, Robert, John,
Steddam, James, 346.
Baptist Camp Meeting at Mount
II. John Belton O'Neall-Events
Prior to Secession, 371-382.
Kansas Troubles, 371.
Kansas Emigrants, 371.
Lincoln, election of, 373.
from Newberry, 373.
Secession, Ordinance of, 374.
Fair, Simeon, memoir, 375.
Moorman, Col. Robert, 376.
Caldwell, Joseph, 378.
Kinard, John P., 378.
Johnstone, Chancellor, 379.
Kinard, H. H., 382.
III. Secession-The Soldiers of
Confederacy formed, 385.
Capture of Fort Sumter, 386.
Confederate Dead, inscription to the
memory of, (Appendix) 8i.
Chances of being hit in battle, 391.
Davis,Jefferson, Tribute of Newberry
to memory of, (Appendix), 804.
First Volunteer from Newberry, 386.
Nance, Col. J. D., 395.
Reminiscences, Dalton, Ga., 403.
Jamieson's Address, 384.
Soldiers of the Confederacy:
Co. B, 3d Regiment, 388.
Co. E, 3d Regiment, 391.
Hagood's Command, 14th Regi
ment, Macbeth Artillery, 397-.,
'Co. G, i3th Regiment, 397.
Co. G, 2nd Regiment State Troops,
Co. B, ist Regiment, 405.
Co. F, 2oth Regiment, 412.
Co. D, x3th Regiment, 414.
Co. M, 2oth Regiment, 417.
Co. G, Holcombe Legion, 418.
Co. H, 3d Regiment, 421.
Co. C, 3d Regiment, 423.
Co. G, 2nd Cavalry, 426.
Co. H, Holcombe Legion, 427.
Co. C. Holcombe Legion, 429.
Co. H, 13th Regiment, 431.
Co. A, mostly boys, April, 1864,433.
State Cadets, 434.
Co. K, 5th Cavalry, 434.
5th Regiment. Infantry, 436.
Co. C, 9th Regiment, State Troops,
Co. H, 4th Regiment, State
Co. I, I5th Regiment, S. C. V., 44L
Schultz's Battery, Co. D, Third
Co. E, 7th Cavalry, 442.
Co. G, 2nd Cavalry, 445.
27th S. C. Infantry, Co. B, F and
G, (Appendix) 804. -
Thomas Roebuck, 5th Cavalry, De
Pass Artillery,W. D. Hardy,J. C. S.
Brown's Company, 436.
Bass, Blanton, Brown, Buist, Car
lisle, Carlisle, Fallaw, Lake, Lake,
Lipscomb, Mazyck, McIntosh, Mc
Caughrin, Moore, Noland, Pifer,
Reid, Scott, Robertson, Simkins,
Speck, Singleton, Tarrant, 437,
438,439 and 44o.
Lewie, Lindsay, Rook, Sloan, (Ap
Correction of errors and Addenda,
Furnas Family, the, 449.
O'Neall-the Burning of Columbia,
Mexico, The War with, 451.
Roll of Co. L, No. ii, with casual
Seminole War, Dr. King and Nich
olas Summer, 453.
Diary of Capt. Hargrove, (Appen
IV. War Times in Newberry,
The Women of Newberry during
the War, 457.
Rowe, Mrs., of Orangeburg, 458.
Revolutionary Incidents: Israel
Gauntt and his Daughter Han
V. The Story of Emily Geiger,
VI. Newberry County-Climate,
First-County Court, 479.
&Officers of, Legislative, Judicial
and Executive, 1785-1892, (Ap
Origin of name-spelling, 477.
Population of, (Appendix) 8io.
Massacre at Hayes' Station, 497.
VII. Old Times in Newberry,
Old Tim'es in Dutch Fork, as seen
through the eyes of Major J. P.
fAs seen by Dr. P.B. Rff, 483
Reminiscences by Dr. P. B. Ruff,
Recollections written in the Sum
mer of 1888, 494.
Henry Gray, Dr. Geddings, Neddy
Jonathan Davenportandthe Limb
less Woman, 495.
John Young and the Ghost, 496.
First Church in Newberry Vil
Crating Club, 497.
Early cotton, 49S.
A surgical operation, 499.
A wife swap, 491.
Graham's escape from jail, 500.
Jesse Gilder, 500.
An alarm of Insurrection, 501.
Almost a fight, 502.
Charity, Charles, 508.
Dugan, Capt., 507.
Revolutionary Incidents, 504.
Schools-Mt. Bethel, &c., 504
Sketches by John T. Peterson,
Shady Grove, 509.
Old Kadesh, 511.
Old New Chapel, 515
eCoates' Meeting House, 518.
aCox's Fishing Place, 521.
Postscript to, 536.
Head's Tavern, 525.
Goggans' Old Store, 529.
The}Murder of David Waters, 532.
Saluda Old Town, 534
Chappe11s and Upper Newberry, 542.
sFrog Level-Prosperity, 54'.
Smokey Town, 553.
Stoney Batter, 537.
Hammond Family, the, 540.
VIII. The Physicians of the
Berly, John A. and 3. F,usebius, 570.
brown, Thos. C,, 5%I.
Campbell, Robert, 562.
Cannon, David A., 569.
Cofield, James!A., 569.
Dobson, Daniel, 56o.
Ewart, David E., 571.
Fair, Samuel, 56i.
Garmany, George W., 572.
Gary, John K., 569.
Gates, Elijah-Ode to Hymen, 564.
Geddings, Dr., 572.
Gildr, James K., 57.
Hatton, W. M., 563,
Johnstone, Burr, 558
Johnstone, John Foote, 559.
Kennerly, Thomas B., 570.
King, Jacob H., 561.
Lindsey, Dr. Wylie K. D.
Long, John, 559.
Mayer, 0. B., memoir of, 567.
Moon, Meredith, Peter and Wil
Myrick, Samuel, 662.
Renwick, James A., 569.
Ruff, P. B., 556.
Rutherford, Thomas B., 566.
Shell, James and Thomas, 558.
Toland, H. H., 560.
Waldo, Joseph, 557.
Waldo, Benjamin, 560.
Worthington, Benjamin, 563.
Yarbrough, Beaufort T., 570.
IX. Biographical, 574-666.
A Revolutionary Incident, 594.
Abrams, Jasper, 61o.
An Old Family Bible, 598.
Aull, Rev. Herman, memoir by Dr.
0. B. Mayer, 65S.
John P. Aull, Wm. C. Aull, 664.
Barre, Matthias, 653.
Bauskett, Thomas, 574.
Baxter, Maj. James M., 607.
Bedenbaugh Family, the, 636.
Berly Family, the, 631.
Blease, Henry H., 629.
Blackburn, Stephen, 579.
Boland Family, the, 623.
Bond, Mrs. Thomas, 578.
Boozer Family, the Jacob, 640.
Bowers Family, the, 635.
Brown Family, the, 618.
Brown Family, the Robert, 643.
Caldwell, P. C., 585.
Carwile, Maj. Z. W...6o6.
Chapman, John W., 596.
Counts Family, the P. W., 641.
Crosson, (Appendix) 812.
Crosson Eamily, the, 633.
Davis, Chesley, 578.
Davis, William C., 578.
Davis, William, 579.
Dominick Family, the, 634.
Dugan, William, 577.
Fair, Robert P., 61o.
Feagle Family, the, 621.
Folk Family, the, 59o
Frean, Rev. Thomas, memoir by
Judge O'Nea11, 599.
Gallagher, Wm., 579.
Garlington, Gen. A. C., 587.
Gary Family, the, 632.
Gary, Martin, 579.
Gilliam, Dr. Jacob F., 576.
Gilliam, Pettus -W., 577.
Gilliam, Robert G., 577.
Glena, Brigadier-General John, 583.
Goggans Family, the, 614.
Graham, Major James, 586.
Gregg, Wm., 602.
Greneker, Thomas F., memoir, 628.
Harrington, Dr. W. H., 606.
Harmon, Rev. Wm., 630.
Hawkins Family, the, 643.
Herbert, Capt. Chesley W., 589.
Herndon, Col. B. Z., 579
Higgins, Francis B., 587.
Houseal, Winiam Walter, 61x.
Hunt, Jacob, 604.
Hunter Family, the, 639.
Hurd, Stiles, (Appendix) 815.
Kibler Family, the, 625.
Kinard, Capt. John M., 632.
Kinard, Middleton T. 631.
Lester Family, the, 642.
Lipscomb, Col. James N., 649.
Maffett, Col. R. C., 581.
Maffett, Capt. Jaznes M., 582.
Martin Family, the, 66.
McCalla, Samuel, 602.
McMorries, Dr. W. W., 605
Monts Family, the, 621.
Moore, Abram, 565
Moore, John A., 56.
Moseley Family, the, 635.
Nance, (Appendix) 812.
Packer, James, 607.
Page, William, 579.
Pratt, (Appendix) 812.
Ramage, Burr Johnstone, 648.
Reid Family, the, 58o.
Renwick, Col. J. S., 605.
Richey, John B., 579.
Riser Family, the, 651.
Rutherford, Col. W. D., 584.
Schumpert, Jacob K., 59!.
Schumperts, other, 593
Schumpert, Mrs. Harriet, 594
Shea1y Family, the, 626.
Simkmns, Col. J. C-, 582.
Spence, Caldwell, Montgomery, 6i,7.
Suber, Christian H., 6o8.
Todd, Andrew, 602.
Turner, Andrew, 575.
Wadlington, Thomas, 574.
Welch Family, the, 591
Wheeler Family, the, 638.
Williams, Co. James H., 647.
Wise Family, the, 64!.
Wright, Zaccheus, 578.
Y'oung Family, the, 637.
X. The Churches, 667-712.
Associate Reformed Presbyterian,
cheus Wright, 711.
Universalist, Swedenborgians, Coy
enanters and other Chnrches, 710.
XI. - Educational and Literary,
Bethel Academy-Pomaria, 722.
Judge O'Nea11, H. H. Caldwell and
J. F. J. Caldwell, 726.
Mount Tabor High School, 722.
Mrs. M. A. Evans, John B. Carwile,
J. C. McLemore, Simeon Pratt.
Mrs. L. M. Sale, Paul Johnstone,
Silas Johnstone, 0. B. Mayer,
J. Wood Davidson, Miss Mary
Newberry College, 713
Newberry Graded Schools, 726.
Old Newberry Academy, 717.
Pagesville Academy, 724.
Prosperity High School, 72o.
Rutherford School, 725.
XII. Industrial, Commercial and
Banks, The, 736.
Fair Grounds and Agricultural So
Farmers' Alliance, 749.
Future Progress Society, 748.
Missionary Societies, 740.
Giffen, Mrs. Mary Galloway,
Newberry Cotton Mills, 738.
Oil Mill, 739.
W. C. T. U., 745
Mower, Mrs. C., memoir, 749.
Y. M. C. A., 748.
XIII. Since the War, 751-776.
Anecdote of the War, 759.
Clerks of Court, 758.
Crozier, Calvin, 762.
Gen. Sickles, Canby, D. R. Phifer,
Great Fires, 767.
Herbert, Chesley, murder of, 763.
Nance, Lee, killing of, 766.
Negro Emigration, 764.
Opera House, Dedication of, 774.
Sheriffs since the War, 758.
Sky Glows, Cyclones, Earthquakes,
Ward, D. M., shooting of, 765.
1876-J. C. Leahy, 760.
XIV. Shifting Scenes and Changes
A. P. Pifer, Singleton, 795.
Business Changes, 783.
Columbia, Newberry and Laurens
Railroad, history of, (App.) Sro.
Other changes in names, 796.
Rosemont Cemetery, (App.) 8z5.
Speck, Capt. John F., 798.
Telegraph, established to Newberry,
Treatment of Prisoners, 794.
Vanished Names, 780.
Werber, Glenn, Cline, Miller, Ma
White, Z. L., 798.
THIRD DISTRICT ALLIANCE.
An Official Account of the Recent rdeet
Ing at Newberry.
LFrom The Cotton Plant.]
The Third Congressional District Al
liance met at Newberry on the even
ing of the 9th instent, at 9 o'clock
Each county in the district was rep
resented except Pickens. The breth
ten from Oconee apologized for Pick
ens, saying that it was sleeting when
they left home. We may congratulate
Pickens upon one thing, at least; she
bad neighboring brethren present to act
as apologists, and to take them tidings
of the good things enjoyed.
Besides the regular delegates some
visiting brethren were accorded the
floor and added much to the profit of
Brother Callie Boyd, the Secretary
and Treasurer of Newberry Alliance,
(and a model one he is) made a report
for Newberry. Let me say to other
counties: fill your offices with such
conscientious, pains-taking, devoted
men as Callie Boyd and you will reap
the benefit of your organization in
such a substantial way that it will
make enthusiastic the luke-warm, and
cause the blind to see.
Brother J. A. Sligh, President of the
Newberry Alliance, spoke to us words
of caution as well as cheer, and dwelr
especially upon our. opportunites .to
reap benefits in a financial way through
our Exchange. Other delegates and
brethren from Newberry were heard
Brother J. T. Robertson, of Abbe
ville, spoke to us of the benefits of the
Alliance apparent everywhere in the
matter of education and general infor
Brother Blake told us of the treats
in store for us this summer.
Hon. A. C. Latimer pleased and
gratified all with his thorough knowl
edge of Alliance affairs, and taught us
many lessons in a business way.
He told us of business failures by
Alliance bretbren, and showed the
cause of failure. He told us also of the
grandest successes and the battles
fought and won.
The obstacles in the way of success
of any business venture are to be met,
and beyond this you must withstand
the subtle tricks resorted to by those
opposed to a business union among the
Brother J, B. Picket, of Oconee, gave
to us a most excellent plan of co-opera
tion, which should be adopted in every
sub-Alliance. Get him to publish it
for the benefit .of all. It is strictly
business in every detal.
Brother J. J. Keith says this giving
to each brother a financial standing
and the lending of a helping hand to
the needy has wrought wonders among
The meeting was concluded on the
morning of the 10th inst.
A plan for the summer lectures was
adopted. Our council meets next on
Monday night, July 24th, at Clemson ;
the next day is the big Alliance rally
for the whole State at Clemson-thence
to Walhalla for the State Alliance
meeting on Wednesday.
Brothers Bowden and Keitt came in
late. I guess it must be in conse
quence of their boycotting the rail
roads, for they came by dirt road-and
such roads !
J. R. BLA KE, JR.,
J. T. DUNiCAN, See'y pro temn.
The Only John Smith, Jr.
rEBoston News 1
Damages to the amount of $1,000 was
awarded againnt Jobn Smith, Jr., by
Chief Justice Mason yesterday, for
using his name in violation of a lease
of it for a period of thirty years to
James A. Bowman. Smith sold out a
real estate and broker agency business
to Bowman, and gave the latter
the exclusive right to use his name
'in connection with that business.
It was asserted by Bowman that John
Smith, Jr., was in that particular busi
ness in Boston in violation to the bill
To Get At the Facts
Regarding Hood's Sarsaparilla, ask the
people who take this medicine, or read
the testimonials often published in this
paper. They will certainly convince
you that Hood's Sarsaparilla possesses
uneuaed merit, and that HOOD'S
HooD's PILLS.cure constipation by
restoring the peristaltic action of the
alimentary canal. They are the best
THE GREAT RAILROAD CASE.
Tillman and Irby Bent on Beating tho
Railroads if It Ruins the State.
LSpecial to News and Courier.]
COLUMBIA, February 22.-The Eve
ning Journal prints a dispatch from
Washington saying that J. Randolph
Tucker, of Virginia, the great consti
tutional lawyer, has been engaged s
leading attorney to carry the State's
case in the railroad war into the Uni.
ted Sta.es SupremeNCourt, with J. J,
Darlington, of the Washington Bar, a
assistant. It also says the habeas cor
pus proceedings will be pushed before
one of the Justices of the Supremi
Court, the court not now being in sea
It is ascertained here that all these
matters were left to Senator Irby aftei
the conference here last Sunday, and
the State officials do not yet know
whether the dispatch is true or not.
There is every reason to believe tha
the information came from Senatoj
The threat of an extra session of the
Legislature to repeal the charters ol
the railroads is again flying around
since Irby's visit.
TO CARRY OUT GOVERNOR TILLMAN'E
[Special to News and Courier.]
WASHINGTON, February 23.-Attor
ney General Townsend- and Randolph
Tucker called at the clerk's office of the
Supreme Court to-day to take the pre
liminary steps necessary to secure a
writ of habeas corpus for the sherifff
who are in custody for their action in
connection with the railroad cases. It
was intended to apply to Chief Justice
Fuller for the wris, as South Carolina
is in his circuit. Owing to the absence
of the Chief Justice from the city the
application will probably be withheld
until he returns to Washington.
While Senator Irby was at home, it
seems, he had a conference with Gov
ernor Tillman and his friends relative
to the South Carolina railroad caseE
and the complications which exist i
consequence of the recent action of the
Federal Courts. With the advice and
consent of Governor Tillman Senatoz
Irby engaged the Hon. Randolpb
Tucker, of Virginia, to assist Attorney
General Townsend in suing out a writ
of habeas corpus before Chief Justice
Fuller or one of the Associate Justicef
of the Supreme Court for those sheriffi
now in the custody of tle United
States marshal. In this connection il
is rumored that the chArters of th(
railways involved in this controvers5
maybe repealed by the State authori
ties unless the taxes be paid.
WILL THE STATE WIN?
[Special to Register.1
WASHINGTON, February 23.-Th(
railroad cases will be brought befor(
the United States Supreme Court or
March G, on habeas corpus, and will bi
won by the State. General John Ran
dolph Tucker and Attorney General
Townsend have been in consultatiot
all day in the elegant apartments o:
Senator Irby at the National Hotel
Attorney General Townsend return:
to Columbia to-night, but will b4
present and participate in the presen
tation of the cases before the United
States Supreme Court on sixth o
March. SAMPSON POPE.
& HOPELESS ATTEMPT TO HAVE JUDGI
GOFF'S DECISION CALLED IN
[Special to News and Courier.1
COLUMBIA, February 23.-Governo:
Tillman to-day had a little to sa:
about the railroad war for the firs
time since the day following the ren
dering of the Circuit Court's decisior
and he maintained his intention t<
fight the roads to the last ditch, n
matter what it may cost the State
When asked if the rumor sent fron
Washington to the effect that Messrs
J. Randolph Tucker:and J. J. Darling
ton had been employed to look. afte:
the State's interests in the case in the
United States Supreme Court he sai<
he supposed it was, as "Irby and Town
send had been authorized to communi
cate with Mr. Tucker in regard to em
ploying him. I do not know any
thing about Mr. Darlington being em
"Governor, do you expect to get ai
immediate hearing of the case befori
the Supreme Court?"
"Yes; we ex pect to get there as sooi
as possible and have a decision on<
way or the other as quick as possible
We are not letting any grass grow un
der out feet about having the matte
adjudicated. A ttorney General Town
send left - Charleston last night fo
Washington and will push matters.
So speaketh the Governor.
The suggestion that the dispatcl
heretofore referred to making'referenc
also to the threat that an extra sessioi
of the Legislature would be called ti
have the charters of the railroads re
yoked was inspired by Senator Irb:
seems now to be a certainty. Therei
no doubt that with Irby's assistane
the State is going to ride its high hors
to the bitter-end.
A leading railroad attorney -to-ba;
said that Judge GofP's decision was iim
pregnable, and it would take a hal
dozen Randolph Tuckers and others t
give even a hope of getting any furthe
action in the contempt cases. Th
lawyers, he said, never make the cas4
He does not think there is any dange
in the hearing of the' case before a sir
gle Justice of the Court.
STATEMENT OF THE STATE'S PoSITIO:
FROM MR. SAMUEL LORD.
[News and Courier, February 23.1
A reporter for the News and Courii
yesterday afternoon called upon M
Smnel Lonrd, ofconnel for the Stai
in the famous railroad tax cases, and
asked for a statement concerning what
action the State would take in regard
to those cases. Mr. Lord said:
Bills to enjoin the taxes of 1891 were
filled by eight railroads. All of these
cases were tried by demurrer in the
United States Circuit Court. In this
mode of trial the State for the argu
ment on the demurrer admitted every
fact that is well pleaded in the bill.
Among other facts admitted. were two
upon-which the cases of the railroads
First. That by a rule of assessment,
adopted and concurred in by all the
county boards of assessment through
out the State, all real and personal
property in the State was assessed at
an amount not exceeding 50 or 60 per
cent of its value.
Second. That the board of equaliza
tion, knowing of the existence of this
rule, assessed all- the railroad property
in the State at more than its actual
value, with the intent to cast a greater
proportion of the burden of taxation
upon the railway companies than was
The Court at the trial last April
overruled these demurrers. In effect
the Court said if the facts stated in the
bill are true the roads are entitled to
have the disputed part of the tax en
joined. It gave the treasurers, how
ever, leave to answer over so that they
might have the right to dispute these
facts. In two of the cases, the North
eastern and Central of South Carolina,
the treasurers declined to avail them
selves of this right and these cases
were taken by appeal at once to Wash
ington. The Supreme Court directed
these bills to be dismissed on the
ground that the amounts involved
were below the jurisdiction of the Cir
Having decided that the Circuit
Court had jurisdiction the Supreme
Court could not go on and decide the
main question in the case. The effect
of the decibion was, however, to elimi
nate these two cases from the contro
versy, as to them the decision is final
and they have paid the taxes.
The case brought by the Charleston,
Sumter and Northern Road was aban
* In the other cases, those instituted
by the Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta Railroad and the Richmond
and Danville Railroad, the counsel for
the State did not think it prudent in
view of the large amounts involved to
concede the facts stated in the bills,
this they would have been compelled
to do had they appealed at this stage.
Instead; of appealing they answered
denying the existence of the rule con
tended for by the roads. Under this
.pleading the cases n4ust now be sent
to a reference, before whom both sides
will have an opportunity of introduc
When that has been done the cases
will be tried by the Circuit Court on
the testimony taken, and from that de
cision the State will have the right to
appeal if the decision is adverse.
I intend, continued Mr. Lora, to
move at an early day for a reference of
this case to a Master to take testimony
touching these matters, so that these
cases may be argued before Judges Gofi
and Simonton in the United States
THE RAILROAD LITIGATION FROM A
Governor Tillman, of South Caro
lina, is vieing with Governor Hogg, of
STexas, in his hostility to railroads.
Governor Tillman is putting himself in
a bad light before the country. HE
appears to be vindictive in his attitude,
and issues circular letters to the sheriffs
of the btate cautioning them not to
allow his communications to them to
get to the public. When a Governor
1proceeds against any citizen or resident
of his State and hesitates to let the
-public see his hand he cannot expect
the confidence of the public.- If the
railroads owe taxes they should be paid,
and if not paid voluntarily they should
-be collected in the usual way. South
-Carolina's roads claim that the coun
-ties have jumped the taxes upon themx
-without legal warrant.
-There is -a legal way to decide the
question of obligation on the compa
nies. A railroad is not something which
can be picked up and carried away. It
is not perishable property in the ordi
nary acceptation of the term. No
transfer can avoid the State's claim for
taxes, and not a county in South Caro
lina would lose a penny to which it is
-Governor r'illman is injuring his
State more than he is hurting the
transportation lines. They will be on
top of the ground for many years.
Some day they will have that advant
age of the Governor. His policy is not
attracting investors to the State. Per.
haps her neighbors ought not to coin
plain of that, but they are not so selffsh,
and desire to see old South Carolina
keep pace with the best in develop.
m ent and prosperity. Geergia has
suffered from this same spirit of-hOstil
ity to corporations. Last year $60,000,'
000 worth of property went into thE
hands of receivers in the State. Values
fof every description shrunk, and all
security holders were affected, ever
down to the owners of one or two shares
of stock in a town lot scheme.
eIt was a bitter lesson and will be
long remembered. Reaction was quick,
and now the demagogue who poses as
an unrelenting opponent to corpora
tions finds that no one will listen. S&
complete is thc reaction in sentiment
that capitalists have regained confi
dence in the State and railroad build
ing will go on. Last year the amount
of new construction was very small ii
~Georgia. This year the State will maki
a-respectable showing. Let Governoi
Tillmnan profit by the experience of his
TIRED OF TILLMANISM.
What Hampton and Irby Say of Some of
[Special to News and Courier.]
WASHINGTON, February 23.-While
Gen. Hampton was here a few days,
ago I had a- conversation with him
relative to the political affairs of this
State. He said that the action of the
State authorities in connection with
the railroads-had aroused a very strong
feeling of oppoeition to Governor Till
man and his followers throughout the
State which may result in the organ
ization of a very powerful opposition
to the Governor. This sentiment is
not confined to any particular section
of the State, and if it continues to
grow and prosper as it has during the
last two weeks, there is a very 9$rong
probability that Governor Tillman
and his followers will be overthrowv
at the next election.
I afterwards met Senator Irby and
asked him if he was aware of the feel
ing of discontent that existed in his
State in consequence of the railroad
cases. He replied:
"There are a lot of Reformers in the
party who are prominent in the oppo
sition movement who have never been
at heart in sympathy with the present
Administration of the State. From
what I hear they are undertaking to
censure Governor Tillman for his ac
tion in these cases. We have known
that these Reformers have been riding.
on ouz train for some time past, with
the expectation of getting off at the
first station where they would receive
welcome. The Administration can
spare all of that sort and still live and
prosper. Governor Tillman is right in
his brave efforT to enforce the law of
the State against belligerent and rebel
lious corporations. No man ever en
joyed the cocfldence of the people as
Tillman has. He has been open, hon.
est and courageous, and has the ability
to lead the present movement to per-,
manent success. The cause of the op
position to him is nothing more than
the continuation of the anti-element
conducted by the same people and a
few renegade leaders. Nobody will be
deceived by them, for our people un
derstand all those kind of tricks."
R. X. L.
How Matl Clerks Assist the Xemory.
[From the Philadelphia Record.}
The railway postal clerks have a
unique method for learning the routes
on which post officesare located.:
for example, the State of Pennsylvania,
in which there are over 5,000 offices;
The prospective mail distributor buys,
aquantityof blank cards-about the,,.
size of the ordinary visiting card-and
on each of these he writes the name
of an office. On the back of the
card he writes the name of the
route by which the office is served
by its mail .-Taking in hand a pack of
these cards-say from 50tol100-he
goes over them one after another stu
diously, looking at the back each time - -
and getting the name and route clearly
associated in his-mind. The second
time he goes through the pack he finds -
that he knows the half of the routes
by reading the name of the office. It
is a dull student who, upon.going over
a pack of cards a dozen times, does not
know them thoroughly, The method
is so simple and such an aid to memo
rizing that It is adopted by all railway
mail clerks. By iti clerks have been
known to memorize a State like Penn
sylvania inside of two months.
On all large routes clerks work but
half time, the other half being devoted
to rest and study. The mail, clerk i
home, continually reminded of coming
examinations, carries his cards wher
ever he goes, conning them over at
every opportunity. One demonstra
tive clerk on the New York and Pitts
burgh R. P. 0. is famed for having
learned the State of Ohio in four days.
As heshuffied over his cards he walked
from garret to cellar, and vice versa, -
from dawn until the shades of twilight
fell. On the fourth day he went to the
examiner's office and separated Ohio
without an error.
It is related that the wife of a postal
clerk adopted the card method for in
creasing her vocabulary in French. On
one side of the cards she wrote the -
French word and on the other the
English equivalent to be learned. -An
other lady, hearing of this, used the
same system successfully for learning
mythology, placing the word "Mars"
for instance, on one side of-the card and
"war" on the other. The method has
so many advantages over the old and
tedious way of learning from the pages
of a book that it might be utilized with
advantage by teachers in search of new
methods of imparting instruction.
Frogakin for Grafting.
NEWBUEYPOB'r, Mass., Feb.20).-Mrs
J. Gilman Adams, who was badly -
burned a few weeks since, on Friday
submitted to novel but successful sur
gical operation. The wound was so
large that it was impossible to obtain
human skin for the purpose of graft
ing, so the skin of frogs was used.
Nearly 300 grafts were put on. The
frogs were chloroformed before the
skin was taken from them.
"You know that beautiful blind girl
that I have loved so long?"
'Wl,I think I have restored her
"You don't say?"I
"Yes. I proposed to her last night
and she said that she would see.~
<To restore gray hair to its natural
color as in youth, cause it to grow
abundant and strong, there is no bet
ter preparation than Hall's Hair Be.