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A1E BERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24 1894.- PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
_ABLISKED 1865. - IRBY'S TALE OF WOE.b -- li ReComplalns That He Is Belog Forsecnted A at 8oaaw, and Swears He's Loyal to Old Friends, But Says There e Are Traitors in Cawnp, and no Popu!ist i Can. Lead [Special to The State.] WASuINGTON, January 16.-The fol- i lowinfg reply has been made by Sena torIrbytoacommuuication received by T him to-day from the Hon. W. T. C. Bates, Treasurer of South Carolina: UNITED STATES SE ATE, WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 16, 1894. Hon. W. T. C. Bates, Columbia, S. C. My Dear Sir: I have your letter of T the14th lrist., in which you make in quiy as to what I think should be done in reference to holding a factional con vention of the Reform party of South t Caroliba, to which I answer hastily, tl but frankly. I regret, as deeply as you, to Fee di- P visions in the Reform movemeut of our State. Ths purposes for which it begas have not been accomplished, and cannot be,: without the exercise d. harmony, justice, common sense and fair dealing. I have had but one pur- h pose from the very beginning, and that was.to do my duty by it to the very best of my ability. Notwithstanding this, I have been persecuted by meD, supposed to be prominent in the Re- b form movement, from the very begin ning, until I made up my mind that I would not submit to it any longer, and 0 appealed to the true men among us to protect ie against such political assa-h slnation. It is not my fault that we have these evidences of'division in our State. d furnished no excuse for every Reformer who goes into Columbia from the rural t districts to the State House to be taken to one side and groomed and prejudiced I against "Irby's management of the party," when even the antis them setves acknowledge that my con- a duet as .chairman, has been perfectly n - fair. I am unwilling that a Third a party leader shall take charge of the a Reform movement in South Carolina, t and thus dictate the nominees of the t DemocratiC party. I am satistied that the people of the State will not submit I to it, and the sooner he, and others I who expect to reap office under him, find this out, the better for him and t the movement. a I answer you frankly as to what I think ought to-be done, so far as I can see. There are six or seven other can didates for gnbernat< .lhonors. These men have been true and loyal, and are all able men. They are entitled, at least, to a fair contest and the protec tion of the principles of the first March convention, the most prominent of which was the right of the people to name their candidates, instead of a ring in the State House. It will be necessary, before the campaign that is to be led by me as Democratic chair man, that these contests shall be set tied within the lines of our faction, and that, after the people have had time to weigh and measure themi, and conclude as to their choice, the suc cessful one shall be given the colors of our faction to meet the Conservative faction in debate on the stump before the general primary election. This cannot be done with an early conven tionThaid, and snap judgment taken, before-the people have seen or heard -the various candidates who seek -tife endorsement of the Reform party. It savors too much of old ring rule and Haskellite methods, and the people will oot countenance it. This is perfectly fair and all parties will be satisfied; but the people, who believe in the theory and system of primary elections, will not stand for two or three men-one a leader of the - Third party and the self-constituted P spokesman of the Third party, the other a traitor to the Reform party, who seeks, as an emisary from the enemy, to -- - the Reform party, and other men who desire office-to fix up a slate now, have it enslorsed by a con vention as early as March, and rammed d>)wn their throats. I say this, be cause if their scheme is allowed to go through under the whip and spur of the Register, the movement cannot stand. Self-respecting men in it would rather go to the wall than to serve under a traitor to his movement and to see themselves assassinated in the dark by men who have claimed to be their friends, and the peop)le robbed of the benefits of the vital principles of the first March platform. This has been written to you just.as I think it and believe it, I have tried to be true to every man in the State House and subjected myself to abuse aod criticisms in 1892 for leaving my seat in the Senate to go to South Caro lina to work~ for them and their re election. I do not intend now to be F . 'abused by them. As you suggest, if, being the State chairman, have no right to call a fac tional convention. I have never assumed or contem plated any such action, nor could such a conclusion be drawn from any thing that I have said or written. The or ganization lasti presided over by the Hon. G. WV. Shell is defunct, because when the crisis came in '92, we failed to have seen or heard of any action from him in behaf of the reform move ment, and besides its mission was ful -filled as a political organization as soon as its object was accomplished, to wit: the capturing of the whole State gov ernment by the people. It, beingsa temporary organization, could not ex ist longer than after the inauguration of the State officers. He, therefore, cannot call and controll a caucus or nonention.and the only way for it to e done regularly within our party nes is, as suggested by the Laurens Iliance resolutions, to wit: That Gov ruor Tillman call around him the aders, draft rules and call a conven on if they see fit. In conclusion allow me to say that I -ill do more and go furthet to heal reaches and unite our forces than per aps any man who has been treated as have in the house of my friends: but will not submit to the dictation of bird party leaders and traitors to our iovemeut, It the consequences be hat they may. J. L. M. IRBY. WHAT DR. BATES SAYS. [The State, 18th.] Senator Irby's open letter to State reasurer Bates excited much comn ent in political circles yesterday, and me of the Reform leaders went so ir .as to say that it was the last nail in ie Senator's political coffin. Dr. Bates always desirous of keeping out of rint, and be had no idea that a per mal letter he wrote to Senator Irby )me time ago would be used as an ex ise by the Senator to express a series f views on so many questions. It as a surprise to the Treasurer when e saw it in print yesterday morning, ot having received the original, but ; gave him no offense. When asked about the reference to six or seven other eandidates for gu ernatorial honors," and whether this pplied to him or not, Dr. Bates said: Senator Irby certainly not only had o reason to infer that I was one of he six or seven other candidates for ubernatorial honors,' but in fact he ad every assurance to know that I ,as not a candidate. I did not men on the name of any candidate, nor id I suggest any criticism of any gu ernatorial candidates. I had nothing say on that question." IRBY ON THE ANXIOUS BENCH. [Special to News and Courier.] WASHINGTON, January 16.-There ras a mysterious meeting this after oon in Senator Irby's committee room t the Capitol. Early in the day Sen tor Irby informed your correspondent bat he was preparing a letter which ,e proposed to send to all of the lead ag South Carolina newspapers for ublication. He said it related to the olitical situation in the State, and he as anxious that it should be sent by elegraph. Later he took luncheon eith John Gary Evans, who does not ppear to be in a hurry to consult the laltimore specialist about his "throat rouble," because he still lingers in Vashingtou, and afterward the Sen tor and Mr. Evans went over to the louse of Repre-entatives to see Messrs. trait, Latimer and Talbert. When iext seen the Senator and his friends vere heading for -he Senator's com nittee room, which is in the basement f the Senate wing. It is understood that the Senator is omewhat worried by the stories in irculaion concerning him at home, ,nd he fears some of his political asso :iates are disposed to misrepresent him, nd he feels that he must be up and oing or his "political picture may be urned toward the wall." The confer ne this afternoon was probably to gree upon the te:ms to be employed the Senator's proclamation, and robably be feels that he needs the anction of some of his Congressional ssociates in the undt rtaking. Representative Shell was not in -ited to the conference, and it is not known whether Representative Mc .aurin was present. The latter has ecently shown a disposition to act in lependently of Senator Irby so far as iational ard State matters are con ~erned, and he appears to be making s much, if not more, progress than hose members who are inclined -10 ook to the junior Senator for advi~ce and guidance on all public questions. Recently Representative Latimer is gained considerable i ndependence -rom the encouraging letters lhe has received from influential constituenth md he shows an inclinat ion to follow as own ideas rather than accept sug ;estions from those who claim the ~nivilege of exercising political author ty over the "Rtef.>rmers" in the State M1r. Latimer says he is confident thai be can obtain a re election from bin wn people providing he steers clear o boss" or "ring" rule, and, therefore e propo'ses to listen to the voices o his people rather than heed the dic tates of the so-called leaders. [REBY SUSTA1i ED BY REPR ESENTA TIVEn LArIM ER, STRAIT AND) TALIEERT. [Special to News and Courier.j WASH INGTON, .Jan uary 17.-Govern or Tillmnan is expected here in a feu' days to confer with Senator Irby en the political situation in South Caro lina. Senator Irby is not satisfiet with he~present condition of atlairs a ome, and he proposes to ascertair what foundation there is for the va rious rumors afioat concerning hi: waning power among the Reformers Senator Irby does not hesitatc to sa: 'at he does not intend to follow the leadersip of Canpt. Shell or Mr. Bow den, and in that position he is sus ained by Representatives Latimner Strait and Talbert. It was upon that subjent they con ferred yesterday in thbe Senator's comi mittee room. The Senator prepared: letter to that effect, and while b claims that tbree of his Congressiona colleagues assented to the contents c the letter, he alone signed it. In the meantime Representative Mc Laurin is not taking part in the Irb, consultation, but is busily at wcr Loking after the interests of his cor stituents. To-day he secured the ar pointment of Miss Claudie N. Cox a postmaster at Cartersville, in Florene ounty. Representative Talbert 'ias been as signed a positiou in the tariff discus sion, and he will have an hour at his disposal next Saturday during the eve ning session. REPREFE.NTATI'; STRAIT'S SAUCY CARD. I will state that I am not willing for the impression to prevail in South Caroliina that I will endorse any man who had violated a pledge to me. Congressnan G. W. Shell promised me that he would not make any en dorsement in my district without first having consulted me or without my previous endorsement. To my sur prise I found that he had endorsed a Haskellite for postmaster in my dia trict in connection with ex-Congress man .,. J. Hemphill, George John stone and S .lator M. C. Butler. I am a friend to Senator Irby and do not propose to move in this matter so long as he is chairman of the State execu tive committee. I do not propose to follow the lead of c.ny man whom I consider untrue and self-constituted. Congressman Talbert, Latimer and I endorse the letter written by Senator Irby and published in the Register to day. T. J. TTRIT, M. C. Washington, January 17. RAILROAD) WRECK NEAR CHESTER. Miraculous Escape of Pullman Car Pas sengers. [Special to News and Courier.] CoLUMBIA, January 17.-A series of miracles saved the passengers who were on. the vestibuled train over the I Richmond and Danville and Florida, Central and Peninsula, which was due here this morning at 1 o'clock. The train when it 'left Charlotte was forty inutes late and was trying to make up its lost time. Near Chester there is a crossing of the Georgia, Carolina and Northern and the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Roads. It is in a cut of about eight or ten feet and the roads run at right angles. The conductor of the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta train and a number of passengers on the train insist that when the passen ger train arrived at the crossing it stopped as the rules require, and'tbe train hands of the freight train on the Georgia, Carolina and Northern, w hich did the colliding, make the same claim. Mr. Thomas Cothran, who was a p.issenger on the vestibuled train, bad a narrow escape and gives a graphic ac count of the collision. He said that about 1 o'clock this morning he woke up to find himself in a lot of broken glass and splinters. He did not take long to realize the situation and went to the rescue of the lady passengers. Opposite him in a lower berth were Mr. and Mrs. Speers, of Pittsburg. He soon heard the cries of Mrs. Speers and lifzed her out of the mass of wreckage in which she founa l' 'rs-i upon awakening. The other eleven passengers were more or less excite'd, and strange as it may seem the only passengers injured were Mrs. F. H. Speers, slight iujury on bead; G. D. Mc Carthy, Washington, bruised; J. T. Wilson, cut on wrist, and Mrs. M1. E. McCarthy, Washington, bruised on arm. Corrductor Davis's head was slightly bruisd. No one was seriously 'injured. Thbe injured parties were taken care of by Dr. Davega, of Chester. The report is that whben thbe engineers saw t ha t thbe collision was inevit able tbt engineer of the passenger train let his train go as fast asit could so asto crost the track and avert the collision, and the engineer of the freight put on the brakes and tried to stop his train. lI this way whben the two trrains collided the sleeping coach was derailed anc thrown on the embankment, :and thE locomotive instead of crushing thbrougt the- car jumped on the track of thE Charlotte, Columbia and A ugusta Roac and occupied the place of the coaci that had been derailed. Altogether il is a miracle how no lives were lost. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly foi February. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly fo: Ferunary con tains an article or dra matie intere~st as well as historica value, entitled "The American St Helena," by William S. Walsh. Tbi: paper is a vivid and entertainini .emiiscent sketch of old Bordentown New Jersey, the refuge of Napoleon' brother, Joseph Bonaparte, the ex Ko fSpain, Prince L2ucien Murat and many otheir historical celebrities American and foreign. Ceylon, tha ost fascinating of East Indian isl ands, is described in its present-da: aspect by A. B. de G.uerville, whos L~accont of "A Holiday Visit to Colom o" is very richly illustrated. Harrie i. Rock well .writes charmingly c "Champery," a lost Alpine valley ii the heart of Swiizerland, where primi tive customs and bizarre costumes pre vail. A lively account of a granm SI"Russian Bear Hunt" is given by al English writer, accompanied witi som highly spirited illustraitions b; Chelmoski and other Russian artists Some other illustrated articles tha - ought not to b'e missed are Miss L. I - Mayland's "Musical Ghosts" (a de scriptioni of the famous Steinert co' lection of old pianotortes); the secon paper on "The Li braries of New York, fby the Rev. James Bassett; "Statio Lie in Austrdlia,'' by E. Trow bridgE r"Moque Life of tho Moslem," b Thomas P. Hughes, D.D., and "Tb My stery of the Dauphin," by A. Oake -Hall. Shlort stories are contributed b - Count Tolstoi, Champion Bissell, Nor Kinsley Marble, and others; an epoems by Joaquin Miller, James I A NEWBERRY CANDIDATE Dr. Pope in the Race for the Gubernato rial Nomination. [Special to The State.f NEWBERRY, S. C., January 16.-I met Dr. Sampson Pope to-day and when I said, "a representative of The State, Doctor," the organizer of the "three-for-a-quarter" caucus and later Tillman's co-adjutor, gave me room to pass, saying "I never read The State." But when it was found that a sub scription was not wanted, but merely an interview, the brother of the asso ciate justice smiled again, and to my question whether he would be a candi (late for Governor to suceed Governor Tillman, he readily replied : "I am a candidate for the office of Governor, subject to the action of the Reform convention, which is to be held some time during the spring or sum mer. Permit me to say that the other gentlemen, whose names have been mentioned for Governor, are all strong personal friends of mine, and in the conduct of the canvass nothing will be paid or done by me to interfere with that friendship. The success of the movement is what we are all striving for. There is too much peace and unity among the Reformers to allow the harmony or success of the move ment to be disturbed by quarreling over any particular man; and the man sug gested by the Reform convention will receive the individual support of all Reformers." "Have you any idea that Governor Tiliman will run for a third term, or will he make the race for the Senate?" "I do not believe that Governor Till man will run for a third term. I think he has made up his mind to run for the Senate, and he has the individual support of the members of the Reform party, without regard to factional dif ferences. He is stronger with the peo I than any twenty other leaders in the party." "What is Governor Tillman's posi tion on the time for holding the con ventic n?" "I do not know what Governor Till man thinks to be the best time for holding the convention, but so far as he is couicerned, the time makes no difference, and whether spring or sum mer is selected, his chances for success will not be affected." "At what time db you wish the sug gesting convention held?" "So far as I am concerped, any time will suit. I think, however, that a late convcntion will be-better for the move ment." ""What will be the main issue in the next campaign?" "I think the dispensary act will be attacked, and feel that Senator Butler will make it an issue. But I am satis fied that the people will sustain it." "What is your position in regard to it?" "I was in favor of a high license act, being passed in 1892, but after seeing the workings of the dispensary act I bave ,become convinced that it is one of the best laws ever passed by a Leg islature of this State." Dr. Pope seemed in the best of health and spirits, and to be very sanguine of being Tillman's suiccessor. He ex pressed himself as believing that what ever sentiment seemed to prevail now, that the leading dailies of"'the State would crystalize al* Conservatige senti ment in Senator Butler's favor in the next election. He would not be interviewed cor cerning tbe printing steal or Senator Irby's letter, but he Eeemed to feel that the former could bejustified before the people and that the latter was a mis take. He scoffed at the opinion that Senator Irby was "tight" when he wrote the Kohn letter, and said, "you can bet Irby knows what he is about." SAUCY TO TILLThAN. Charieston's Mayor Resents Instructions by the Governor. CHARLESTON, S. C., January 16. Some time ago Governor Tillman sent out a circular letter to the Mayors of all the cities and towns in the State calling their attention to the new Dis pensary Jaw, which provides that un 'ss the police of municipalities enforce the law against "blind tigers" the 'mu nicipalities would be deprived of their share of the revenue derived from the State bar rooms. Answers were r-e quested by the 15th instant. To-day Mayor Ficken sent an an swer of the Charleston Council. In his letter to the Board of Control, of which the Governor is the head, Mayor Ficken writes: "Our self-respect compels us to state that the inquiry maide in your com munication is not only without prece. dent, but that it is highly objectiona ble, in that it implies in advance ol action, a doubt as to our loyalty to the laws of the State, which we have sol emnly sworn to obey. We can not sufer this imputation to pass withoul rebuke. The reference to the mattel of revenue is in tbe highest degree of fensive to us and must of necessity be -so to every self-respecting offic.ial" The Mayor concludes: "WVe beg tc state that the police force of Charles. ton will be d rected to discharge the duties imposed upon them by the Dis pensary law,~ The members of the force are conservators of the peace anc it is their duty to maintain, uphold and obey each and every part of thbn Statute laws of South Carolina." aThbe best medical authorities say th4 proper way to treat catarrh is to take saparilla. ARP IN FLOnIDA. Where There Are Plenty of Viitors and Very Good Fishing Placee. [Atlanta Constitution.] I saw two fishermen unloading a cargo of salted fish from their boat al Tampa. The barrels were all markec for Charleston. I inerviewed thest fishermen and they told me they caughl as many as 70,000 in a week down al Sarasota bay. Now I am done witt fish stories. I left my folks fishing al Clearwater, but they are not so wild about it now and will soon get tired. I saw a girl hang an enojpous trout anc she held him and played him arounc until he got tired and a boat was seni out tosecure him. I guessed he weighec fifteen pounds and others guessed twelve and ten, bit when he was pul on the scales he came down to nine, An old fisherman remarked that it wa: a sin to weigh a fish, for they alway: fall short. Tampa is lively. The hotels are fill ing up, trade is good and money cir. culating just like it used to before the 'panic. Most of this money comes frorr abroad and is quickly scattered around Every other house is either a hotel o1 a boarding houss. The strangers coni from everywhere up North and mau3 from Georgia and Tennessee. I came down with a man and his wife, wh< were from North Michigan, and had never been South. It entertained me to see their amazement, for he said he had just put up 160 tons of ice befor he left home. They are delighted witi the country and with the people. He said everybody was so kind and nabor ly and that he had no idea of finding such good people down South. I think that his wife was almost afraid to come but she is in bad health and she had just as well risk the rebels in Florida at death at home, and so she came. Sh( has improved much within a week The Tampa Bay hotel, where the millionaires congregate, has not yel filled up, but will be by the middle o the month. It is a magnificent hous and so bewilders me that I feel solemi in its beautiful apartments and don' dare to talk in my usual tone of voice Everybody else seems to feel so too foi it is not like a hotel. While you ar walking on velvet carpets that cost $ a yard, or sitting on chairs that cos1 $50 apiece, and see paintings on the walls that cost from $100 to $5,000, and the whole building in a blaze of heaven ly lights and delicious music charming the ear and delightful odors perfuminG the air and the servants_all in. livery, common man feels like the old womar at the circus for the first time in het life. When the grand procession o beautiful horses, with their riders it spangled garments, came marching in she said: "John, John, it's more lik< the kingdom of heaven than anything I ever expected to see in this world.' Now, with all that, I was invited t< lecture in the music hail of this grant structure, and I did it. It was jus large enough for my audience and am pleased to say that I was able t< conceal my embarrassment. Not tha I was afraid of the people who sat be fore me, but somehow I never feel a ease in a house that is so much fine than mine~own. It is art, not nature that makes me timid. Mr. Plant inus be a wonderful man to plan such: grand system of railways and hotel and parks and steamship lines and ye he makes no great noise in the world For years and years, be has bee: per fecting this system, and every brancl of it moves along like clockwork Thousads of men are emnployed b; him and his enterprises have .alread: added many millions to the value c property in Florida. This beautiful cit; of Tampa is a monument to his genius More than half a century ago Richar< Henry Wilde wrote a little poem, be ginning, "My life is like the summe rose," and the last verse was "My life is like the prints that feet H ave left on Tampa's desert strand, Soon as thbe rising tide shall beat, All traces vanish from the sand, Yet as if grieving to effatce All vestige of the human race, On that lone shore loud moans the ses But none, alas! shall mourn for me." Mr. XVilde was an Irishman, wh came over here after Emnmet's untime ly death, and settled in Augusta, an I suppose he had some reason fo Ipenning such sad, sweet verses. I wis Ithat lhe could see Tamrpa now. I wis that Rev. Frank Goulding was allt to see it, for it was here that he locate that terrible devil fish that carried th boat and his children, "The Youn Marooners," far out to sea. There no desert ttrand now; no lone shore; n devil fish. Lakeland is a little gem of a tow and I have not found a better hoteli Florida than the Tremnont. It is jut fine enough and good enough for an.1 body. It overlooks one of the prettiet lakes I have yet seen, and the town surrounded by many others. This quite a railroad center and might has been a city if Tampa was farther off.] will be a city yet, for such beautifi locations and surroundings are n< common, even in Florida. As ol Father Dobbins used to say, "The Cre: or has quit making land, but He keel on making people," and Lakeland wi be found out before long. I buve been to Bartow, the center'< the phosphate region. Thirty compa: ies have organized within the couni and millions of dollars invested in lar and machinery. There is capital he: from Boston, New York, Baltimor Riohond, Pittsburg, Charleston, S annab, Augusta and Atlanta. Bi all is not gold that glitters. Of the thirty companies only sixteen are actual operation. Of these sixteen on seven have made any money. Thbere hoshte enough, but everythingr d pends upon management and locatio I visited one plant six miles in tl country that is being operated by a r ceiver. What a business this has g to be! The receiver! There ought to I a book upon it just like the books f lawyers and doctors and other profe sioo. It should be made a textbot in the schools. I think I would nan it "The Lawyers Harvest, the Cre( tors Grave and tbe Stockholders' Fu era!." But this phosphate business yet in its infancy and improved in thods of mining and washing will soc be invented. The Peruvian islands a exhausted, and now nature unloc: another storehouse in Florida th seems sufficient for centuries to com "What is it?" I asked. "Is it animt vegetable or mineral?" It is a mixtu of all, they say, but chiefly mineral. found some sharks teeth. They about in all of it-sharks teeth from on fourth of an inch to four inches length. Some of those antidiluvit monsters must have been as large young whales, but bow in the wor did they all congregate on this peni sular when the great convulsion can that upheaved it? Verily the world full of mysteries, and we know nothit hardly. Fortunes have been mai here by the few who are shrewd at bold and who had good judgment at foresight. George W. Scott has so part of his holdings for fabulous sum He owned miles of phosphate lands < Peau river. Mr. Codington, the genii energetic Yankee mayor of Bosto bought largely at from $5 to $10 : acre and sold for ten times that amour I was lhis guest. "I fit ag'in you," sa he, "but have come down from Miet gan to live with you and I found a cc dial welcome. If the railroads wou reduce transportation to 1 cent a mi thousands of good, hardy people fro the North would come down, first see, and then to stay, and the result a few years would be perfect harmor between the sections." What every town in the South nee is a leader-a man of nerve and ente prise. Our people will follow, but thi fear to lead. Mr. Codington, is a pow in Bartow and will soon have wate works and an electric plant and stre cars and another railroad. He has bei a great traveler and lived some years Peru while Henry Meiggs was buildit railroads there for the government. I designed and built a gas plant near tl apex of the Andes mountains for t1 sole purpose of lighting the tunnel th Meiggs bored for his wonderful ra road-a road that cost $25,000,000. Tb gas plant is 16,000 feet above the a leve:l. Everything for the railroad-at the gas plant was carried up cliff roa on the backs of mules-300 pounds the mule. Just think of it! -Yank genius, Yankee pluck was behind all. They are a wonderful people. "When a Yankee is good he is ve: good, indeed, but when he is bad he horrid." And that is what they thi of us, I reckon. I saw a skunk yesterday as it cross the road a few miles out of town. was a beauty. Our dog tackled it fort with, and then-but you must ask t: dog for further particulars. BILL ARP. Anti-Umbrella Statesmen. (2Boston Daily Advertiser.'1 There are two men in Congress wl never carry an umbrella. These a Congressman Kilgore, of Texas, ai Senator Cockrell, of Missouri. Li year there were three anti-umnbre: statesmen, for Tillman, of South Caa lina, was there to swell the ranks. I fmatter what the weather, whether Sbe snow or rain that is descending frc the clouds, these men do not ta enough account of the storm to car -an umbrella. It is not so wonderi rthat Kilgore does not possess one these articles of personal apparel, i he wears a sombrero of the wild Tes variety, that is so wide that any ar ficial covering is entirely unnecessa] But Cockrell wears a narrow hat a: waks through the pouring rain total oblivious of all the elements. Senal Vest some years ago presented Cockr with an umbrella as a Christmas: ,mmbrance, but that umbrella I nver yet been opened. 3Befriended by His Indian Neighbors [ From the St. Paul Pioneer Press.. REDWOOD FALLs, Minn., Janur l.-Dan House, the farmer whi b cuse a week ago was burned to I oground, when the family narrov escaped bdrning wg honlly afew h itily snatched up garments, has bE . kindly treated by his neighbors, the:j .tdias of the Lower Sioux agency. rj Indians had received through Bisi: Whipple their usual Christmas presi sof a large quantity of clothing, fr< which they asked House to select much as the family required. straight From the East. A Sultan of Turkey once said, ~-As he groaned at the pain in his he S"Oh, my favorite wife, I am sick of this life, 11And I wish very much I were dead.' But his wife, who was wise, answe: "Fie!" 1You'll be well in-s week And then you will speak yOf t besePellets with praise just as higi d r. Pierce's Pellets cost only 2.5 ce eand they are guaranteed to cure all ~,troubles which spring from consti ~.tio, indigestion, and billious attac I you have any of these troubles, i dont you follow the example of ieSultan of Turkey. $500 Reward for an incurable cas Schronic Nasal Catarrh offered by manufacturers of Dr. Sage's Cata . emedy. n cents; by druggists. D2. Linanrx xr.Mz1 Aiar ie The Freedman's Condition of To-day Com pared With His Life as a Slave. )e [Sewanee Review.] yr The slaves are free-if that can be k called freedom which they now enjoy. Are they happier? Well, it is hard to . define what happiness is. Few of them would go back into their old state and is all would now be very unhappy if they es could be remanded to it; but as a rule e- those negroes who are old ecough to have experience worth remembering re do not hesitate to deelare that the s state of bondage was far happier. The e. air and manner of most of them e are sadly changed for the worse. re The free and open cheerfulness, ready to burst out in peals of laughter, the d prompt and respectful bow, the song and dat e, the jollity at Christmas, and the expression of love and loyalty to the white people are in a large de gree gone. Id Surliness and reserve have taken their place. Crimes have become ten fold moi e numerous and some, never . heard of in old times, have become s common. No, if happiness were the l end and object of life the negroes in the South could not be said to have id gained by the change. But blessed ld ness, not happiness, is the true end, and the new condition has thrust in enormously more responsibility upon them, and it may be that in conse quence they may in time rise to higher things than now obtain, but it may well be questioned if the new state * will ever match the Christian fidelity of Uncle Tom, the faithful tenderness of Aunt Chloe and the patience and r love of Eva's mammy. Shades of the l sweet and peaceful South'ern home of e older days! Gone from the face of the earth forever! The price of progress is in at the cost of bleeding hearts. With the whites in the South the gain isleyond reckoning. It is they who have been freed, and the glory and power which has come and is coming to them by their relief from the burdens of slavery is, perhaps, the r chief result in the mysterious workings et of Providence. Better Than a Pension. tg [e [Fr. m The Detroit Free Press.] ie "A month or so ago," said the drum ie mer, "I stopped over night at a small at tavern in Illinois and before retiring I 1- sat for an hour in the room used for an at office talking to two or three men, one .a of whom a lame man, was to occupy id the double room with me. I went up Is to- bed some time before he did and to when he came I was snugly tucked ee away, but not asleep. it "'By the way,' he said, 'you were talking about pensions down stairs, ry weren't you.' is "'Yes, I rather believe in pensions k economically administered.' "'So do I,' he said carefully taking d off his glasses and with them a wax It nose, which he laid on the table some b. what to my discomforture, 'but I don't ie believe in being indiscriminate'-here he fished out a glass eye and put it in a tumbler of water and then took out his teeth and put them with the eye. I couldn't say anything and he went on. " 'I know men who are to-day get 0ting from $10 to $50 a month'-he re 20moved his wig and hung it up care re fully--'who do not deserve it any more athan my grandmother does, and I hate t to se'-by this time he had off his a coat and collar, and, removing his left arm, he placed it on the bureau-'good, it deserving men getting a miserable little itpittance whose records are stories of mbravery and daring-at this point he ke sat down, kicked off his trousers and ry one shoe, took off a cork leg and laid it ul by the arm and I was about ready to of jum out of the window. -. 0' " 'Good Lord, man,' I almost yelled, as as I sat up in bed, 'don't you get a pension?" Y* "'Of course not,' he answered, with a 2d look of sd.rprise. 'I was in the army yfour years, but I got this in a railroad orl wreck and the company had to put eup $60,000 damages. That beats a pen' e -sion all to pieces.' Then he put out the as light, hopped over to his own bed and I had nigtmare and jimjams till day light, dressed with my eyes shut and got out an hour before my disintegrated friend did." ry 'They are There." he [From Spare Moments.] Iy A gentleman who had been refresh l ig himself a short time previously at en -one of the Boulevard cafes hurriedly n- re-entered the establishment, and, ad. he dressing t he waiter, anxiously inquired op of him: nt "Did I leave behind me a small >m parcel, ti< d with a string, on the table?' as "No, sir," replied the waiter. '-By Jove, then, it's unlucky. ] shouldn't like the parcel to get intc strange hands, for it contains some val uable-" "Jewels, sir?" suggested the waiter id, smiling blandly. "Jewels! No, man; scorpions. Some 'very rare and deadly scorpions." -ed Thewaiter smiled no more. He, or the contrary, turned deathly pale, ani sinking into the nearest chair gasped "as he pointed to hiscoat pocket: "TheJ Dts are there." pa- 1894! by Now is the time everybody wants at .he Almanac for the New Year. Number: of these are published and scatteret throughout the country. The Onh of issued by the Centaur Company o the New York City is by far the most beau rrh tiful and complete. They can be ha< varrCCpuuUcu[ aOUD Aa4 7 ~Dtur .irD7. COLUMBIA, S. C., January 4.-Sena tor Irby in a card published to-day has seen fit; to accuse me of being respon sible to a very large degree for his po litical trials and troubles. He does me too much honor when he says that I "hounded, persecuted, misrepresented and manufactured sentiment" against him. Let me say that I am simply a newspaper correspondent, not a politi cian. As a young man, hoping for suc cess in my work, I realize that my first duty is to give facts as they are found. If in doing this Senator Irby has not been pleased it can not be helped. I have no affiliation with, or intereet in the Senator, or in his political friends, nor any desire to be dragged into the squabble between himself and his former political supporters and allies. It is no fault of mine that his conduct has not pleased the masses of the Reformers; I am not responsible that he has a "lot of enemies," or that he could in a minute make a.census of his political friends in the "State House." It was not at my call that "the clique of the Reform movement met at Columbia to name acandidate," etc. I would, however, have been to blame bad the news not been published as it came, and even then much that was said has been reserved. If Senator Irby has found objection to my correspondence in The News and Courier, which has every indication of being trustworthy and legitimate news, it will occasion me no grieba Mg. only purpose is to assure those whe do not know my sentiments icat 1 have. no personal feeling or motive in the mat ter-the honest newspaper man cannot have-and that in this case, as in al cthers, I have given what I regard as plain, unvarnished facts. AUGUST KOHN. Work Ahead for the Attorney General. [Special to News and Courier.j COLUMBIA, January 13.- Is it not time for the State Administiation to start piling up some more litigation? The expenses of the Reformers up to this time have only been $15,000. Why not rush it up to the $25,000 limit? It can be very easily done. It would be the easiest thing in the world, and in deed some are asking why it has not been undertaken. At the recent ses sion of the Legislature, at the special solicitation of Governor Tillman, what is known as the charter repeal bill was passed. It gives practically unlimited authority for new legislation. THE RADICAT,CH'RTER REPEAL BILL. The law reads: That wheneverany corporation char tered under the laws of this State shall within thirty days after the time re quired and permitted by law for taxes to be paid, with or without penalty at now required by law, refuse, neglect or omit to pay the taxes for State and county purposes as assessed and levied upon the property of such corporation, the charter of such corporation, with all the rights, privileges and franchises thereunder, shall become and be deemed forfeited, and the corporate ex istence of such corporarion shall be an nulled. Section 2. That in every such case it shall be the duty of the Attorney Gen eral, and he is hereby required, to bring an action against - such corpora tion for the purpose of vacating and annulling the charter incorporating such corporation, and all Acts amend story or in renewal thereof, in the manner prescribed by Title XIII, Chapter 11, of the Code of Civil Proc. dure of this State. Section 3. That this Act shall be deemed-a public Act, and shall go into effect immediately upon the approval thereof. A pproved December 18, 1893. It. is said that the roads that have refused to pay the excessive taxes have no idea of paying the back taxes under the threat of losing their chartera. The authorities, it is understood, have in formed the Administration that they can go ahead and forfeit all the char ters they please. How to Guess a Train's Speed. IFrom The Washington Post.] ~superintendent Alvey, of the Balti more and Ohio road, lives out at Tako ma, and the coterie of commuters in the smoking car always save a seat for him jn the morning, no matter how big* the crowd may be. Coming in to church recently some one asked him how fast the train was running. He pulled out his watch, and, after quick ly glancing at it, peered intently out of the window. In a little while he re marked quietly : "This train is going between thirty one and thirty-two miles an hour." There was a chorus of queries as to how he had determined it, because his manner left no doubt in the mind of any one that he was entirely serious. "It is very easy to find out the speed when you are traveling on a double tracked road," he replied. "If you are curious about it hereafter just look at the inside ofT the outer ran ou ?' op posite track for a minute or two until you fiud that you can distinguish where one rail joins the other. Then count the joints, and as many rails as you pass in twenty-one seconds is the number of miles your train is traveling. 'an hour. Try it yourselves anddgfiue it out, and you'll find out that I am right." Two Experts. [Chicago TDly Tribune.] TbAtalk had drifted to mentaliphe nomiena, when suddenly the maiden shyly asked: "Are you a-a mind reader, Hor ace?" "I am, Susie," he said. "So am I." rAnd she held out her finger for the. ring. She had seen its bulging outlines in his vest pocket.