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EDN EWBRRY, S. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1902 TWICE A WEEK.$1.50 A YEAU
'4 -l3 j[S LE N E W BERRY,_ ____________________
THE SOLONS IN SESSIONY
Tile WORK OF THE L%W-MAKER4 OF
TBIG STATM ASSEWBLED IN
A Cmed Report of the Proceedings
Taken From the Daily Papere From
Day to Day a the Work Pr4ceeds.
IN THE HOUSE.
Monday, Feb. 10.-The house of
representatives did not undertake to
do much bsmness today. The ses
sion did not last over three quarters
of an hour, becanse the first thing
the hous did was to accept the in
viation of the local committee to
have a group picture taken with the
Cok County Democracy at 12:45,
ad then at 1 o'lock participate in
he eerises at the Columbia Thea
'hoe pnaeipal work was to get
thtgegh the bills that were pending
*Ard reading. All third reading
bRik were given their final reading
c p one of Mr. Prince, relative to
the iuing of bonds, which he had
a eited, as he did not like the
mEOE SESSION OF HOUSE.
When the house met tonight there
a m ot bills sent over from the
.i_ The bills were referred to
aot 6ffered a resolution that
b"eintrooced after Wednes
SIfthainstant, which was adopted.
alled up his bill to per
asLte county dispensaries to sell
on Sundays and holidays to
as produce certificates
ng physician therefor.
Lgt disassion the bill was
f Wker's bill to repeal the
pistol bill, passed last session,
Vi but debate on it was ad
k ehos then, at 10 o'clock, ad
IN TE NATE.
J3 sqar10.-The senate was in
>4UdP0m17forty minutes this morn
T~mi adjourned until 8 o'cloet
4order to allow members
heexercises in the theatre
to the visit of the Cook
&mnator Henderson's substitute to
t-a S6edon bill in reference to the
Virgimi's-Oarolina Chemical Cow
genv.a reported today. It was
aathe firt time and went on the
sIeu SSSeON OF THE SENATE.
Jbruary 10-On the re assem
blibig of the senate tonight Senator
Blakseny, of Chesterfield, introduced
the fellowing concurrent resolutions:
1. That thj thanks of the~ General
kssembly are due and hereby ten
dered. to the officers and managers
of the South Carolina Inte~r State
and West Indian Exposition for
many courtesies shown during its
recent visit to the Exposition at
2. That the wisdom of the appro
priation made to the said Exposition
by the General Assembly at its last
session may now be frilly attested by
the personal observations of every
citizen apd visitor. Thait t he said
Exp~osition ik comnl(Ded for its
beauty, scope and marvellons ex
celiencies; and the peopls of the
State are exhorted to personally in
spect and patronize the sam'a, in
order that our great enterprise may
attain the success which it so richly
Resolved, further, That the thanks
of the General Assembly be, and are
hiereby, tendered the Sonthern and
Atlantic Coast Line Railway com
panies for the excellent t raDsporta
tion facilities afforded the members
of the General Assembly. their fami
lies and the attaches of said assem
bly, in going to and returning from
The coneurrent resolution was
Senator Aldrich's bill to provide
punishment for those who negli
4etIy expose children to the danger
of fire was read the second time.
The following new bills were in
Senator Mower: Amending the
se at prohibiting fire insurance comn
panies from entering into combina
a jons to control insurance rates, etc.
the senate yesterday, arranges the
congressional districts as follows:
First District-Charleston, Berke
ley, Colleton, Clarendon and Dor
SecondlDistrict -Aiken, Bamberg
Barnwell, Beaufort, Edgefield, Sa
lnda and Hampton.
Third District-Pickens, Oconee
Anderson, Abbeville, Greenwood and
Fourth District-Laurens, Spar
tanburg, Greenville and Union.
Fifth District-Cherokee, Chester,
York, Fairfield, Kershaw, Chester
field and Lancaster.
Sixth District-Marlboro, Marion,
Horry, Darlington, Florence, Wil
liamsburg, and Georgetown.
Severth District--Richland, Sum
ter, Orangeburg and Lexington.
The bill was passed to its third
reading and the districts will stand
The remainder of the day was
taken up in considering matters of
local interest to the different counties
throughout the State, which is not of
IN THE HOUSE.
February 11.-For several days
past Mr. W. J. Johnson has been
trying to get up for discussion and
final action his bill to prohibit the
formation of trusts and monopolies.
This bill is a copy of the Hogg law
of Texas and is not in conflict with
any of the other incorporation meas
ures introduced at this session. Mr.
Johnson succeeded in getting the
bil before the house yesterday. But
there was a great deal of filibuster
tngs a,;d no action was taken on the
bill. There were several test votes,
but none of them indicate the numeri
cal strength of the supporters of the
bill. By a vote of 84 to 34 the house
refused to stiike out the enacting
words. But this was not the proper
strength of either side, as some vot
ing with the supporters of the bill
declared that they did not favor the
ill as it stood and wanted to offer
The house by a rising vote unani
mously agreed to the senate's resolu
ion thanking the Exposition authori
ies for the trip last week.
Mr. Moses introduced resolutions
ommending the Exposition and urg
ng the people to visit it on March
20th, the State of South Carolhna
ay. This was agreed to.
Mr. .Dean introduced resolutions
rging the radlroads to offer reduced
ates to the people of the State in
rder that as many as possible could
wte t he Exposition. This was agreed
When the house met at night, Mr.
M. L. Smith moved that the joint
committee of judiciary and of incor
poration be discharged from further
onsideration of the bill relating to
incorporations, particularly in regard
to trusts. He explained that these
are such large committees that there
is great difficulty in getting them
togetber, and he could not get a re
port on his bill. He disavowed in
tending any discourtesy, but he
wats his bill on the calendar at once.
It was so ordered by the house.
Mr. Efird wanted to get up his
companion resolution to the biennial
sessions bill. This resolution was
up several days ago and failed to
pass by 4 votes, there being 79 vot
ing in favor of it, whereas 83 were
required. There were 17 votes
agaist it on that occasion. Mr.
Efird according to notice given Mon
day, moved to suspend rule 43.
There was some parliamentiary
sparring, but the house by a vote of
69 to 24 refused to suspend the rule.
This looks unfavorable for the pas
sage of the biennial sessions resolu
Other bills discussed daring the
night session were of littt.e interwest
to the general public.
Mr Wheeler Giot RId of Is Rheumatism
"During the- winter of 1898 I was s<
lame in my joints, in fact all over my
body, t bat I could hardly bobble around
when I b-iught a bottle of Chamber
lan's Pain Balm. From the first ap
plication I b>egan to get well, and wa
cured and have worked steadily all the
year-R. Wheeler, Northbwood, N. Y
For salae yW E. Pelham & S'on.
til after daylight. The holiday
crowds of yesterday had dispersed
and the city was very quiet and or
derly today. All of the dangerous
walls that stand are to be thrown
down and the streets now obstructed
with fallen brick will be cleaned up.
Patterson, N. J, Feb. 10.-Latest
-The work of remoying the debris
from yesterday's fire began today.
Mayor Wincliffe declined outside
aid and residents contributed ten
times as much as was needed to care
for the hundreds made homeless.
The concerns burned out will bigin
the work of rebuilding as soon as the
debris is cleared away. The loss is
estimated at eight millions. Four
hundred families were burned out
and two hundred dwellings destroyed.
The troops are holding the mob un
der absolute quietness. The ruins
of the First National bank having
been cooled off, workmen removed
from the debris all the books and be
tween two and three millions in cash
securities were found uninjured and
were carted away, guarded by sol
JOSH ASHLEY'S GENIUQ.
He O'Hit" I he Charleston Show Last Week
in All His Rusticity.
[Charleston Post, 7th.]
There is a warm child of nature in
Charleston today. Citizen Josh, sur
named Ashley, has come to town. If
there be any among us so benighted
as to know not the identity of Josh
Ashley, it is proper to inform him
that Josh is a member of the legisla
tore from Anderson county, a suc
cessful farmer and the dispenser of a
line of diction which makes up in
pith what it lacks in polish.
Josh Ashley is a unique character.
The flavor of the soil permeates his
rhetotic; the twang of the wood lands
pervades his parts of speech and
throttles English grammar. He is not
a handsome man; nor is he ugly
enough to hurt. He wears a florid
face and a wool hat. Hlis hair and
mustache are red. His mouth is too
numerous to mention. He has a
magnificent set of tedth which have
contributed no little to his fame.
He is a trifle below the average
height, but above it in weight. His
neck is muscular and t aick, indicat
ing strength and hif. everlasting.
His hands are large, hairy and
freckled, and he has a grip that
would make most men curl up like a
watch spring. Josh is now about
45 years old, but he is as virile as a
young Hercules. He was found in
the wilderness near Honaea Path, An
derson county, in 1890, by B. R.
Tillman and he speedily developed
an amazing thirst for polities.
In those days eame Benjamin
Ryan Tillman, a plain farmer from
Edgefield, preaching the gospel of
retrenchment and reform. A hot
political revival followed. Josh
Ashley was one of the first and most
enthusiastic converts. He thought
Ben Tillman was the personification
of probity and a leader from Lead
errsville. Tillman coaldn't make a
speech within fifteen miles of Honea
Path without Josh Ashley gracing
the occasion with his presence. And
when Benjamin began to fry the con
servatives in language chaste and
seemly, Citizen Josh could be heard
shouting above the tumult: "Hit
'em agin, Guvner; dats de God's
And yet, Josh owes his fir'st term
in the legislature to the vote of the
conservatives in Anderson county.
It was done for a joke. Tillman had
the majority of the sons of toil by
the scruff of the neck. The characes
for a conservative candidate were not
visible to the unclothed eye, as the
modest spinster expressed it. It
was then that Josh Ashley' "lowed"
he'd run for the legislature. At
that time Josh could neither read nor
write. For that reason the Till
manites did not receive the announce
ment of his candidacy with entbu
siasm. One of them twitted him in
"Yon go to the legislature, Josh,'
he exclaimed with a laugh: "Why
you can't write your name."
r"I knowed that without you tell.
ing me," retorted Josh. "And yo~
Si o to an Anderson bank ani
write your name on a note and it
won't be wuth five cents; but if I
put my mark on it you kin get all
the money you want." And this was
But thi conservatives resolved to
vote for Josh. They had no candi
dates of their own, so they played
him to win since his election would
be a joke on the Tillmanites and add
to the glory and reeown of their del
e,. ation to the legislature. When
the votes were counted Josh was "it."
Some few Tillmanites could not help
supporting him for wool hat and one
gallus reasons, and this, with the
conservative vote, enabled Josh to
harpoon victory. That was in 1892
and since then, excepting one term,
Citizen Josh Ashley has been a mem
ber of the "legislatur," and his ad
mirers say he can make laws as easy
as he can break them.
When Josh rears up on the floor
of the House to do a few Demosthe
nean stuts he ladles out an assort
ment of talk that is not infrequently
crowded with hard, horse sense.
What he knows about political econ
omy and the science of government
signifies nothing, but in dealing
with practical propositions that are
not beyond his ken Josh can make a
"spooch" that is anything else but
flat, stale and unprofitable.
In the fallness of time Josh's af
fection for Benjanin R. Tillman be
gan to suffer for lack of proper
nourishment. The Edgefield politi
cian was comfortably ensconed in the
U. S. Senate and he began to give
Josh cold and repellent glances. The
latter recalled the many golden
promises that Benjamin had made
and did not hesitate to rebuke him
for his deeds of omission. But Till
mon was too wise to monkey with
Josh; he merely gave him the in
different eye and the inattentive ear.
Josh "'lowed" he'd play another
favorite. When the McLaurin band
wagon came rattling down the pike
of opportunity, Josh flagged it and
fought his way to a front seat. And
now he says he is 'jest as happy as a
big sunflower that nods and shines in
In Anderson coanty Josh Ashley
is regarded as a formidable proposi
tion in a fisticuff. He is chiefly
feared since when he has a fight on
his hands he manifests an alarming
tendency to bite. And if Josh's
powerful jaws were to fasten on
some important part of a man's anat
omy it would probably mean a case
for the coroner.
Back in the early 90's Josh Ashley
and J. L. Farmer, of Anderson clash
ed on a train while enronte -home
from Greenville, where a big politi
cal pow wow had been held. Farm
er was an anrti.Tillmaunite and was
known to be not afraid of anything
human or otherwise. Josh was last
ing for trouble; Farmer was in a
mood to deal out sudden death to
anybody who craved it. Josh tackled
him; they hitched. Fight? Very
much so, thank you. Above.the roar
of the train and the noise of the com
bat Josh's teeth as he strove to
lamp down on his opponent's ear or
nose. It was even reported that
Josh's teeth were seen to strike fire,
but this story could not be verified.
Anyhow, Farmer was unable to take
care of himself till passengers inter
fered and stopped the battle. How
ever, it was a great scuffle, one of
the many in which Josh has played a
This is not Josh Ashley's first trip
to Charleston. He was here several
years ago with a number of members
of the legislature, and he had at least
one unhappy experience. The party
were taken for a sail around the har
bor. Jcsh got seasick. When the
boat returned to the wharf and Josh
found himself on terra firma he was
asked how he enjoyed the sail.
"Hit was allright," he replied,
weakly; 'but, my God, how I did fling
Josh recently announced himself a
candidate for the State Senate. He
will make a hot canvass of his county
and astonish the "dear peopul" with
linquistic fire works.
Fortunately for the devil, it's a
man's soul he wants to buy, and not
A PERFECT SUCCESS.
What a Visitor to the -outh Carolina inter
State and West Indian Exposition, Char
leston, Has to Say About it.
A recent visit to the ExpositionM
Charleston, enables me to say that
the entire show is a perfect success.
The State exhibit in tLe State build
ing is superb, as well as the various
county exhibits in the same building,
all are au fait in every particular,
and is well worth seeing no matter
what the cost, and is a schooling to
our people, especially the young
Mr. A. W. Love, the superinten
dent of the State building and his
assistants, Messrs. Mills and Banks,
will take pleasure in showing visitors
all matters of interest in the State
building, and other information that
may prove of intersst to them.
Far off Oregon, Louisiana and
Florida whose exhibits are in the
annex to the State building, and are
especially interesting. Oregon shows
the trunk of a tree that is at least
twenty feet in circumference, and a
square piece of timber, over seventy
feet long and three feet square! Be
sides the woods and min 4rals are in
great abundance, fish, coal, the cere
reals, etc. .
Louisiana makes a fine exhibit of
the products of that State-sugar,
rice, tobacco, cotton, hemp, &c.
Oar State Geologist, Mr. Earle
Sloan, has an exceptionally fine dis
play of minerals, and granite for
building purposes of a superior
The Cotton Palace, the U. S. dis
play, Commerce, Art, the Woman's
Department, Maryland, Machinery,
all are intensely interesting and will
require days to do justice to these
The exposition grounds are beau
tifully laid off in plots where ever
greens are planted with roses and
pansies growing, 3nd will, by the
w iddle of March or first of April,
prove a wonder to visitors, when in
bloom; besides this beautiful show a
few miles up the Ashley river, is situ
ated Magnolia or Drayton's garden
-a most lovely place to visit, the
home of the Agulea, where perhaps
one hundred or more colors and
shades, are to be seen-an elysian on
earth! The ladies should not fail to
see these beautiful grounds, and there
drink in the beauties of nature.
Those who do not desire to stop at
the many first-class hotels in Char
leston, can, by writing to the many
boarding houses in the city secure
comfortable quarters and at a mod
erate rate. Among the number is
Mrs C. S. Smith, 178 west end of
Wentworth street, who is ready and
willing to do the right thing for all.
It is necessary to engage quarters in
advance. The Exposition grounds
can be reached by the street cars for
five cents from any point in the city,
taking the precaution to get a trans
fer ticket where your line ceases.
Admission to the grounds 50c.
Dinner can be had on the grounds.
The midway is very attractive.
Here people from everywhere are to
be seen, all engaged in selling the
various kinds of trinkets peculiar to
the section of the world of which the
venders are natives. The Battle of
Manasses. The Esquimo's and their
performances, the noted Jim Key the
educated horse, the riding of camels
and an elephant are among the attrac
tions of the midway.
Taking the whole show from the
start to finish, it will gratify and
please everybody, and should be
visited by all our people.
The people of Charleston deserve
great credit for the pluck and energy
displayed by them in getting up so
wonderful a'show, and it .Ieserves pa
tronage from all sections, especially
so from South Carolina.
THos. W. HOLLOWAY.
Pomaria, Feb. 10, 1902.
Thousands Sent Into ExUe.
Every year a large number of poor
sufferers whose lungs are sore and
racked with coughs are urged to go to
another climate. But this is costly and
not always sure. Don't be an exile
when Dr. King's New Discovery for
Consumption will cure you at home.
t,s the most infallible medicine for
Coughs, Colds, and all Throat and
Lung diseases on earth. The first dose
brings relief. Astounding cures result
from persistent use. Trial bottle free
at all drnggiat. Price 50c and $1.00.
PATTERSON'd BIG FIRE.
Clearing Up the Debris and Getting Ready
For Work-Loss 88,000,000.
Patterson, N. J., Feb. 10.-The
fire conflagration which burned itF
way through the business center of
Patterson yesterday has completely
spent its force and is quickly dying
out in the ashes and broken brick of
its ruin. The firemen who hurried
from other cities to save the endan
gered city have gone back to their
homes and several companies of the
local department have been ordered
to their houses for rest and refresh
ments they sorely need.
LOSS AMOUNTS TO $8,000,000.
Conservative opinions inclined to
day to cut $2,000,000 from the ag
gregate loss of $10,000,000 agreed
upon, and $8,000,000 will probably
be accepted finally as the cost of the
fire. No tabling of individual losses
that can be accepted as reliable has
yet been a.opted, and it will be sev
eral days before satisfactory figures
can be prepared. Equally incom
plete is the estimate of insurance. It
was stated here today that the insur
ance amounted to between $4,000,000
and $5,000,000, but what gave basis
to the calculation was not clear.
Several of the largest losers said
that they had not yet had an oppor
tunity to examine their policies, and
that in the nieantime they could not
tell what amount they carried. Prob
ably no fire of equal magnitude and
widespread destruction ever produced
an equally small list of losers.
Many of the fire volunteers and
the firemen were injured by the fall
ing bricks and timber, burned by
flying firebrands or temporarily over
come by smoke, but only - a few of
them needed medicinal attention.
The small casualty list is explained
by the fact that the people had am
ple warning and time to abandon
their homes before the flames came
AID FOR STRICKEN CITY.
A Bread and coffee famine was
averted by outside aid. A Newark
bread company early this morning
started wagons loaded with 3,000
loaves of bread for free distribution
in the stricken city. Wealthy resi
dents of this city ordered large sup
plies of coffee and provisions from
Passiac, Newark and New York. The
Ladies' relief committee has estab
lished its headquarters in St. Paul's
Episcopal church on Broadway and
will provide food to all who may ap
ply for assistance.
The fire made no headway during
the night. Fanned by strong wind
it burned fitfully in places during
the early hours of the morning, but
wherever it showed threatening
strength the firemen turned streams
ou it and beat it down. The firemen
were completely exhausted after more
than 30 hours continuous work, but
remained at their posts. There is
comparatively little suffering upon
the part of those rendered homeless
by the fire, and the armory, churches
and public shelters opened their doors
to but few applications during the
night. Practically every home that
escaped the flames was thrown open
in a spirit of broad charity and near
ly every refugee found shelter of
The declaration of Mayor Win
cliffe that the city can care for its
own is not concurred in by every
body and there may be an appeal
later for outside help.
TO RISE FROM ITS AsHES,
With the embers still aglow in thE
btsiness districts commercial Pater
on planned resumption and restora
tion. All of the banks burned out
yesterday opened for business in tem
porary quarters today and the offi
cials of the banks expressed a deter
mination to do their part in the main
ten ance of the financial standing and
credit of the city.
The militiamen remained on guard
tday and will be kept under armi
and on duty as long as necessary foi
their service. Much valuable prop
erty is still exposed and the authori
ties are determined to prevent thi
looting or disorder in any form. Sa
loons that attempted to open afte:
midnight were promptly closed an<
the sae of liquor wam prohibited un
Senatnr Raysor: To amend Part
2, Title 2, of Code, entitled parties
to criminal action.
Senator Barnwell: To declare the
law as te references contained in codi
fied acts of the Code of 1892.
The consideration of second read
ing bills was resumed and the follow
Senator Brice's bill to repeal the
section empowering the extension of
taxes came up and Senator Mower
moved to indefinitely postpone the
Mr. Brice said the annual exten
sion resulted in many counties hav
ing to borrow money for necessary
expenses and pay high rates of in
terest. The act is not in the interest
of the poor man, for about the only
time he has-money is in the fall. He
spends that and has to pay an enor
mous rate to get money to pay taxes
when they finally have to do so.
The bill was rejected by a vote of
20 to 8.
Mr. Stackhouse's bill to authorize
the county board of commissioners to
hire the chaingang to any reliable
person or corporation within the
oounty came up and Senator Brice
moved to strike out the enacting
Mr. Stackhouse defended the bill
and expressed the opinion that the
measure would prove beneficial. It
would not be liable to abuses, as
sometimes occurs in larger instances
>f a similar nature.
Senator Livingston pointed out
fhat the bill was entirely optional.
Senator Glenn said this was a dan
gerous bill, in that convicts inay be
Eired to men who woul.i not treat
Lhem humanely. He thought con
ricts ought to be kept and worked
Lpon public roads. It was a danger
>ns power to give to any man.
Senator Sullivan believed the senti
nent of the State is strongly against
-he hiring of convicts to private
>arties. ' The bill was rejected.
The bill to amend the income tax
it, authorizing the county auditor
o place on his books a list of the
ersons in the county subject to the
neome tax, was passed to a third
There was considerable debate over
he bill to require municipalities to
rovide drains for surface water.
'he bill had friends, but the debate
was adjourned in order to allow it to
Mr. Graydon's bill, prescribing the
mm~ber of brakemen on trains of a
ertain class, was read the second
Tha senate adopted the bill to pro.
~ibit wearing the Southern Cross
xcept by those entitled to it.
The bill defining the term of rob
ery was ordered to a third reading.
The following masures also passed
o a third reading.
To require public ginners to keep
heir books open for '-.iaction.
Exempting ex Confe .orate sol .iers
!rom peddlers' licenses in towns.
To allow all farm prodacts to be
narketed in any town ini this State
without a license.
Relating to the seizure and sale of
lefaulting taxpayers' estates.
The senate then adjorured until
10 a m. Tuesday.
IN THE sENATE.
February 11.-There was a long
ad at times exciting debate in the
senate today over the redistricting
bill. The measure, as it passed tbe
house, finally passed its second resa
ing in the senate, with the single
amendment that Clarendon is taken
from the seventh district and placed
in the first district. It is thought
that this amendment will be agreed
to by the house and that the bill will
be ratified in this shape.
Senator Gruber yesterday offered
an amendment which would have
materially changed the first, second
and seventh districts, but after a
long debate the amendment was lost.
When Senator Mayfield undertook
to have Edgefield and Saluda placed
in separate districts. This brought
forth a spirited protest from Senator
Sheppard, wbo carried bis point, and
Edgefield and Saluda remain side by
side in the second district.
AS IT PASSED.
The redistricting bill, as it passed