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_____ EWBERR . S.C. FRI DA Y, CH~I 14, 1902 T WICE AW EE W 155 O A Y AP THE SOUTH CAROLINA EXHIBIT AT ST. LOUIS. HoW IT Is TO iSC NICI:Ult' ) UNIbli;I /I1SL s T I V C I'tAN. I'u'ilfulirieN Sao . to 1iWt,in-wil ho A16sle Up frain xhibits N.hw in this Stato Buildina at Charb-ston N:IC-pNnuiont. [The State, lth.] Every effort is to he nmade now that the general assembly has mlade provision for it to have South Caro ltna suitably rep, e ente at the world's fair at St. Louis. With the mate. rial in the way of exhibits in the State building at Charleston, if it can be secured and properly worked ovet, will form a fine exhibit. Under the clause put in the appro priation act by the general assembly it will be the duty of the present South Carolina commission in charge of the State building and exhibit at the Charleston Exposition to take charge of the work. This conmmis sion will soon meet to map out a plan of action and get the preliminary work under way. This provision in the appropria tion act of this year for the exhibit at St.Louis reads as follows: "For the purpose of preserving the exhibits of a permanent charac ter at the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian E,xposit,en which may become the property of the State as provided in section 5 of an act entitled "an act to provide for a building and a State exhibit tt the South Carolina Interstate and West Indian Exposition, and to make an appropriation for the same, approved Feb. 8, 1901, and such county ex hibits as may be placed under the care of said commissiot so as to form an exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 103, at St.. Louis, Mo., $2,500, and any unexpended balance of the appropriation in said act." The section of the original act re ferred to reads as follows: "Section 5. The commission here inabove created shall receive and hold for t.he tso of the SIate all ox hibits of a Fermanent cha,acter that may become the property of the State by purchase, donation or other wise, and shall make a report as to such exhibits to the general asin bly at its first meeting after the close of the exposition." In a letter to Guv. McSweeney, Mr. Charles N. Beeves, secretary of the committee on legislation of the Louisiana Purchase Exposit ion com pany received today says: Sir: Your very kind letter of March 1, giving the amount of the South Carolina appropriation for the world's fair exhibit and list of the members of the commission, (ame dui ring my absence in Minnesota Our people were very much pleased to note the putriol if actionl taken b)y the South Carolint legislatunre, and I want to thank you particultarly for the kindly interest you have' shown throughout. The commission is a strong body, and I believe that the Soutb Carolina exhibit will be not only a credit to t he State, but to the exposition as well. TiH VC PENSION LA W. 4Laona"~ Wants a tqIcIlers' tIamaIj or the honney Oluietcl Ilet w'..e ,he V. r.uss - Either Nows.. Mr. Marcus Lester, has been very ill. We learn that Mrs. Jats. Moore, has been very sick. Mr. A. B. Mills, Sr , has a case of La Grippe. Some of our farmers have sown a great deal of spring oats. Our schools are all still running with good attendance. Rev. A McA. Pitmanm, of Green wood, preached at Bethel last Sun day. We bad hoped that the last sew sion of the legislature would have appropriated money to have built an old soldiers' home. As we consider the pension law as it stands today rotten from beginning to end, as ii applies to certain individual soldiery and not to all who rendered servico in the' Confederate services. W favor an old soldiers' bomne let jt coal what it may, or either proportion th< amount expended to every old sol diet. or his widow. The home if it had bon buil'. in a tfew years would havo bt141n1 the State's property, and after built don( away with appropriating money for pensioris, and lot all those who are not. able to live at home without a pension go to t ho old soldiers' home andl(] lot thin State boar all expensos, and if they refused to go give them nothing. [lore is what we favor, to build an old soldiers' home or divide the apportionmert of $200,000 for pensions, inl '(<ial amounts to each old soldier or his widow, lot hun be rich or poor, high or low, as every man who went to the war was a tar get for (lie yau kee bullets, and faced the storm of shot and she}, and his life was hold up to the missles of death just, the same as his poor neigh - bor who received a pension, and do away with property qualifications. The man who went to the war and did his duty and gets no pension, deserves one as much as the man who is receiving one. We ask the question, is this fair legislation ? That i the condition of affairs as we find tnemtl today, par tiil legislation to benefit some, while others receive none who were 'etter soldiers may be than those receiving a pension. We claim it is right to divide t1he amount. If our legislature is going to apportion money for the old sokliers give them all a part if it only be $1.00 ia piece. We be lieve inl "equal rights to all and special privileges to none.'' We be liove if the State is going to pension her old soldiers there should he classes, as there is today in the law, and give every old soldier or his widow, rich or poor, tleir part of the apportionment, according to the class he comes tnder. We believe that the one log and one imm soldiers should receive more than the others because they have been disat(led from making an honest living, and suffered the loss of one of their limbs. If we are going to have part'al log islation, and not going to give all the old soldiers or their widows a part of the apportiounment made, thon we say build an old soldiers' home, and do away with appropriating money to pension old soldiers and widows. And after the soldiers' hoie is built and if any of them refuses to go to it let them alone and stop pensioning them, We know of an old soldier who says he will perish before he will go to the County home, ;f the County home is not good enough for a man, when he needs help and an old soldiers' home is not to the taste of an old soldier or his widowv and( they are in need, and a home is of fered them, aind help fre'ely giveni anrd they refuse, we say let th11m suif for. We woulId be glad to see the day comoI where all the old soldiers, or their widows receive their propor tionl, or oither build an old soldliers' honme for t hose brave boys of bygone years, and do away with p)artial legis. lation. Leona. Newborry Co. March 10, l.9)02. PREst(DK4 i' WI 'HORI4WM UtIAFFI"CIt's NOM B N iTION. shmorios,(e of 83(0 in Acco,unts of Aikeni P'i,A(fne( IRe-ported by luIn.rjctor-No, I'EXp1inn.ations. [Special to The State.] W~ashinrgtoni, March 10.-Presi dent ijoosevelt has withd rawvn thle nomination of Wim. 0. Chaftee to be postmaster at Aiken because of the shortage in the accounts of Postmas ter Chafteo amounting to $300. The matter was brought, to the at teantion of the presidenit through a report of a postoflice ini4pector which is now on file in the dlepartmIenlt. As soon as8 the shortage was madec known to Presidenit, Rloosevelt by Pontmast,er Glenerasl Payne he told the lattor he0 would take the matter in hand arnd the withdratwatl of Chaf fee's atlppoinItment isi the result. Senator McLaurin, uponi whose recommienidat ion President McK(inley appointed1 Chaffoe last summer, de clined to discuss the matter today further than to confirm the ab"ovo facts anid to say that so far '. he knew Chaffee had nor, offered an ex planation of the affairs. N4o applications for apiointment have boon yet illed. The senate had refused thus far to confirm the nomination on account, of certain opposition to Chaffee from unknown quarters. Changes Made in Pension Laws M)EN OF, riEN: NICW AUTs (OM TliH GECNERAL. A8'MICMu.Y. A )lorical ECrror It covere+I Slit Thero'd No Waty to Uor,t,oe+ I t-T'I'he tounty 1'e110lon) Ca;u))n,tune+r. ['The State, 8th.] The general assembly at itx recent session made considerable changes in the pension acts. Aside from in creasing the appropriation to $200, 000 and providing for its disburso. lment in nech a way that the most needy voterans would be more ma torially benefited than the others, the legislature passed some six or more acts making changes in the pension laws. Recently numerous requests have been made for copies of these acts, and for the information of those concerned. The State today publishes some of them; the others will be given tomorrow. Yesterday in one of these now acts there was discoveredi a bad mistake of the engrossing department, the words "first Monday in February" appearing when it is the manifest intention of the act that the first Monday in March was intended, for from its text the -ct shows that it was the intention of the framers to permit at least a month for the per formance of certain duties between two meetings of the board. This error appears in the act creating the ofice of county pension commis sioner, and it is somewhat. of a prob. lom as to how the (iiliculty thus created will b)e met. The text of the act "to regulate county aid to Confederate soldiers and to prevent their (lisfranchise mont," is as follows: Section 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of the State of Sonth Carolina: That from and after the approval of this aot the county board of commissioners of the various counties of this State shall have the right in their discretion to extend county aid to indigent Con federate soldiers in their respective counties at the home of such soldiers or at the homes of such relatives or friends: Provided, that it shall be established to the satisfaction of the said boards that such soldier is de serving of aid and is physically un able to earn a support, and that he does not obtain a sufficient pension from the State to support him. Sec. 2. That no Confederate sol dier shall be disfranchised by reason of his having received or is receiving such aid as aforesaid. The act "to provide for the re pair of artificial limbs of certain citi zens of this State who were soldiers ill the war between the States and to pay certainl of such citizens money in lieu thereof," roads thus: Section 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of the State of Sonth Carolina: That tile sum of $2,000, if so much be necessary, be and is hereby appropriated1 to defray the expenses of the repair of arti ficial limbs heretofore donated to citizens of this State who b9at a leg or arm, or whlo became permanently disabled in a leg or an arm during the military service in the war be tween the States. Sec. 2. That the comptroller gen eral be, and is hereby, authorized and required to draw his warranlt on the State treasurer, -and the State treasurer pay the same, for a sum not exceeding $25 ill favor of any citizens of this State, upon tile pre sentation to him by or on behalf of such citizens of a certificate under seal of the clerk of court of the coun ty wherein such citizen residles, that such citizen lost a leg or an arm 0r was permanently dlisab)led ini a leg om in an arm while in military service of this State or the Confederate States in tile war between the States, and that such citizeni received an artificial limb under thme act of 1879, the act of 1881 or the amendments thereof, and that said artificial limi needs repairs, andl thamt such citizer is nlot oin the State penision roll and also thle estimates of the probable cost of such repair certified to by reputable physician of the county wherein such citizen resides: Pro vied, that such citizen who is re eiving a pension from the mta shall not be entitled to receoive any thing under this appropriation pro vided that the amount so appropriated shall b appropriated out of the pen sion fund: Provided, further, that in case any citizen received money in steadi of an artificial limb as pro vided under the act of 1879, the act of 1881 or the amendments thereof, that such porton shall be allowed the sum of $25 upon the presentation of a cortificato under seal of the clei of court of the county wherein such citizen resiles, that he was entitled to receive such componsation instead of the artificial limnb as provided in said act: Provided further, that all persons desiring the hl)fits of this act shall file their claims as herein provided within 90 days after the approval of this act, and if tho comp troller general shall find that the amount of claims filed and approved exceed the said sum of $2,000, then he shall pro rata the said sum among the claims approved by him. Here is the act "creating a count) pension coirmissioner, defining his duties and to further defino and rogu late the duty of county pension boards hereafter,'' in whi^h tne error has been made: Section 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of the State of South Carolina: That each county pension board of the respective coun ties in this State shall at its first meeting in January in each year elect one of its members to the posi tion of pension commissioner, whose duty it shall be to attend in the au ditor's oflice of his county every Saturday during the month of Jan uary in each year for the purpose of mosting the pension applicants in each range and fix up all pension papers in a condition to go bef"re said board, which said board shall moet on the first Monday in Feb ruary of each year to pass upon said applications. Said commissioner shall be and is hereby author ized and required to administer oaths. When said applications have been approved by said board, said commissioner shall write up the lists of the same. Said board shall meet again on the first Monday of Feb ruary in each year to sign said lists and immediately forward oame to the comptroller general. Said pension commissioner shall be allowed $2 a day as pay for his services, but shall not be paid for more than 10 days' service in any one year. Below are given the last two of the nowv pension acts resulting from this year's session of the general assem bly. The first is the act giving the requirements as to the eligibility for pensions and the method of disburse mont. It reads as follows: Section 1. Be it enacted by the general assembly of the State of South Carofina, that section 1065 of the cods of laws of South Carolmna, 1902, and the same is hereby ameind ed, oo as to read as follows: Section 1065. The sum of at least $150,00(0 shall be annually appro priated to pay the pensions provided for b)y this chapter, and in case the same, or such amounts as shall be appropriated shall be distributed proportionately among those legally entitled to receive the same: Pro vided, that those pemisioners deocribed in section 1066, as class A, class B, class C, No. 1, class C No. 3, shall have been first paid in full: Pro vidled further, in case the same, or such amount as shall be appro priated shall he more than oufficient, then the amount so appropriated shall 1)0 distributed proportionately among all those legally entitled to receive the samo11. See. 2. That section 1066 of the code of laws of South Carolina of 1902, be, and the same is hereby amended so as to read1 ao follows: Section 1066. The applicant must have been a resident of the State for two years prior to the time of the applicant. In order to obtain tihe bonefits of this chapter, the appli. cant qualified by residence must also show: (A) If a man. lst. That he was a bona fide soldier or sailor in the service of the State, o'r Confeder ate States in the wair between the States; and second, either (a) that while in snch servine ha lost a leg or arm or sight, or roeoived other bodi ly injury whereby be has hocomo disablod, or that. ie is totally dis abled by paralysis; and furt her, that neither himself nor his wife hits an income exceeding $l; >) por annumr, nor property Hlfliieiit to produceo such an incono, or (b) that. he has reached the age of (It) yoars, antid that neither ho nor his wife is receiving an aniual income of $75 fromi any source, nor p...Hessed of ptroporty suflicient. to prodnco such ti iicomo. (B) If a woman. First, That she is the widow of it mlani who waits a honi fide oldier or sailor in the service of the State or of the Confederate Stat es in the war between tlie States; aid second, that sho has never reimirried or having remarried is again it widow; and third, that either (a) she is 60 years of age, or (b) that her husband lost his life in t Ie service of t he State or of the Confederate States in the war betweoo the Shates: and fourth, that she has not an income of $100 per annum or property sutlleiolt. to produce snim. lifti, tlie classifie tion of all porisiorirs sliall bn as follows: Class A. Those who its a result of wounds received in said war, are physically helplesH, or whon w:ie in such service lost both armies or both logs or sight.; or who arv dis abled by paralysis anti are unable to make a living whose incomo1e or his wife's does not exceed $1>0 por an iinm. Ola1ss 11. ''hose who while ini suoh service lost one arm or one leg and whose income or his vife 's <bos not oxceed $1,50 per anumrn. Class C No. 1. Those soetiers aid sailors disabled by wounds received during said war, whose incone or his wife's does not exceed S.150 per annuml. Class C No 2. Those who have reached the age of (0 years, and whose in come or his wife's doos not exceed $75 per annum. Ch.--s C No. 3. Vidows of those who lost, their lives while in such service of the State or of the Confedorate States, and whose income dons not, exceed $100 per annum. Class C No. -1. Widows above the ago of )0 years whose income does not exceed $ I 0() per annum. Sec. 3. That section 1017 of the code of laws of South Carolina, 1902, be and the same are hereby arlendo.1 so as to read as follows: Section 1067. The persons described in the preceding sections shall he entitled to a pension upon complying with the other provisions of this chapter, and each pensioner of the several classes shall be paid the amounts hereinafter set forth, to-wit: The other is the act "to rtmernd section 3 of an act 'IEntitled an act to provide for pensions of certain soldiers and sailors now residents of South Carolina, who were in the ser vice of the State or of the Confed erate States in the late war het. woen the States. approved the 1)t.h day of February, A. D. 1900Ot, so fatr as re Jates to widows of Confederate sol diers arid sailors ' " Section 1. B3o it enacted by t.he general assembly of the State of South Carolina: That sub division 2nd of sub-title (B) of section 3 of an act entitled "An rtct to providoe for pernsions of certain soldiers arid sail ors, now residents of South Carolhna, who were in the service of the Statte or of the Conifedoratoe States ini the war betweon the Staites, approved the I19th day of February, 19)00, be and the said sub division is hereby amnendeod by inmuserti ng bet woni the word "remarried" arid the word "and" the followving words, "or that she being 00 years of age, is a widow again, her last husband hiaving died,'' sO that section 3 of the said acet when so amended shall read its follows: Section 3. Ini ordlar to0 obitain the benefits of thris chapter, thle appli cant uriqualied b)y residence, must also show: (A) If a mran, first, that. he wvas a bona fide0 soldier or sailor in the service of the State or of the Confederate States in thie war be tween the States; and second, either (a) that while in such service he lost a leg or arm or received other bodily injury whoroby lie has become dis abled ;-and furt.her, that nueither him self nor his wife has an incomeoex ceeding $1.50 per annum nor prop)erty sufficient to p)roduce such an income; pr(b)that- he has reached the age 60 yi-ars, and that neither ho nor his wife is rociving an annual income of $75 from any sourco or possessed prop. orty sullicient to produce such an in. como. (B) If a woman, first., that she iH the widow of a man who was a bonat lido soldier or sailor in the Her. vico of the State or of the Confed. orate States in the war between the Statos, iii<l, secoId, that. sho has never remarried1 or that she being sixty years of age is a widow again, her last lihanid having died, and 3, that either (a) she is sixty years of ago, or (I) that her husband lost his life in the service of the State or of the Confederato States, and, fourth, that she has not an income of $100 por annum nor property suflicient to produce same. AuGusI'A Tll (CA'TECNED1) WIl A MIL.1, Hl'I(IEKC Opwerislves 1)umna i II 1'er Cent. Ailvunce (ient'+al Close Ibwn Expule,ed Next, Ii On<day. Special to The State. Augusta, March 10'---'ho busi ness interests of Augustat, and par ticularly of West End, the mill dis trict, are worked up and very blue over the prospecls of one the largest cotton mill strikes this section of the count ry has had to deal with in years. A bout, throe weoks ago the opera tive"i, principally the carders and soinnors, made a ilonaid for a 10 por conltt increase in wages to which tho mills roplied emphatically in the negative. The labor organizations set March 17, next Monday, as tihe last day of grace and decided to striko if the demand was not granted. The mill men say they will not put on the I0 por cent. mereaso and the dotormtinattion of t he operat.ivos makes the strico inevitable. Merchants of West h,tid are on tiroly dependent upon the mill trado for the life of their business and ill fear with the coming crisis comes also the collapse of niany mercantile houses. It is frequently stated that north ,n mnills, principally Bordon's "Iron mill,'' a print goods establinhmlent of Fall Itiver, Mass., are in with the operatives and are encouraging a southern strike in order to benefit themselVes. The operatives talk confidently of winning but business men soe no chance for them in the fight. The strike will go on Monday and will effect. the Sibley, John P. King, Anugusta factory, Enterprise and all other Augusta mills and1( quite likely those of Langley, Bath, Warrenville and nearby South (Jarolina towns. WV IEA. NOTl ATTEi'ND) CRON A TION. Pr'ie~i'st nhone,iven1 I)enities Tist. Ils tin.gbteer ianot Accepit. the. Insvita. Washington, March 7.-Misa Alice lRoosevelt, dlaughter of the President, will not attend the coronation of King Edward. When the White House oflicials dliscussedl the matter it was stated by those in position to know that she should not go. It was learned to night that the reason why Miss Roosevelt will not attend the coroniation of King Ed wardl is becauso it has been found p)ractically impossible for her to go simply as a young American girl traveling privately in (lhe household of Special Ambassador Reidl. Not withstanding it was stated she would not go to London as the (daughter of the President, but simply as Miss Roosevelt, it. was learned that Lon dlon court circles were considering seriously thel questionl if the status b)ecam(e a matter of international funo. tions. When Miss Roosevelt's status became a matter of international dis cussion, the President considered the advisability of cancelling the visit, but lound that an invitation to visit the Emperor and Empress of Ger many was on thie way to America. It was decided, in view of the youth of Miss Roosevelt and the interna t.ional conditions, as well as courte siles she would be called on to meet, that the English visit, and all it,s de lights would have to be relinquish. ed. SECRETARY LONG LEAVES CABINET. W. 51. 51001 O1 1 n1AsHAU1I14ETTH NAMEKi Asl KucH':OyHlt. lid H.critary.,lut <of I'onlitox vill ntoturn to I.aw 'rnette-,--lIndlly Noti 1aKr ltot w4IOn I're.Ntld4,u1 R4,1n4 Washington, NIarc'h 0. 'Ihe third ohango in the c.abinltt. of presile+nt lfoosevolt occurred toda y w ont sm. rotary Laong submittld his resHigna tion in at graceful lottor, it. being ac coptocd in One ocially folicitous by the president. The cllnge wats 111a1 complete by tho sle'etion of \Wu. Henry Moody of the Sixth CongroH sional district of Massachusetts, as Mr. Long'H successor in the navy do partmnnt.. Mr. Moody will iassiuo charge of the-navy depart.mont, May 1. This chainge has boon oxpoeted for at long time. M. r. Lnng had intended to retire at the boginniig of the late Presidont McKinley'H second t-ermn but he consented to rolnin until cor tain hues of policy, in which he was involved, was muoro satisfactorily ar ranged. Then when I'rsitlent. ItooHO. volt, Hucceeded, though mnxious to return to private life-for Secretary Long will nover aguilt ontor public life----a strong feeling of loyalty to wards Mr. lioosevel iluced I he soc rotary to defer his retireimont. until it, wis convenionil for the president. to make ia chango. Mr. lILng will ro enter the pract ico of law. The c.orrospondlentct ttxrhangodl to. day is ats follows: Navy Departmntit, Washington, 1larch 10. My dar i r. Presidoiit. \Will you kindly accept this a 1 my rosignation of the secretaryshi p of t he navy ---to tike l'ect, on the 1st. day of MIay next, or sooner, of course, if you shall at. any tine so wish Y It. ha been to 111e i delightful service. I loavo the official cirole of your cabintot, in which my asocitionl with you arid its meom bors has boon no happy, with high appreciation of your ndbninist.rat,ion and with1 most cordial good wishes for its sucess and for you p(ersolally. Very truly yours, 'John 1). long. ''ho Presidont. V hite 1 louse, iltch 10. My Denr Secretary: It, is willi very sincere regret Ihat 1 accopt. your rosignation. 1 1hall alwatys couniit it a privilege, not. ontly to have served withl you1 anfrinig t.ho last. six imoinths, but to have servedl uridor1 you lit, tihe outset of President MIcK inley's ad ministration. I have soon1 you mn bo0th relationis, and1( it 1has4 never been1 my good fortune to be alssocialted with aniy pub11lic maniT more single inde~1d in his devotion to the public interest. Our relations have been not merely oilicial but 11180 those of personl friendship. MNay all1 the goodl fortune you 8*o richly deserve attend you wvherover you go. Sincerely yours, .ThiElodore lltoosevelt. TIo tile lion. Jiohn* D. Luong, secre talry of thle navy. Mr. MVoody'su selectionl for the p)ort folio of the niavy was1 the outcomoe of anl interestinig contest. Th'iere was [10 less thaniu ai half dIoz/en aispirani1ts but 'the struiggle linailly narrowed dlown to the twoC rep)reentatives in congress-Mr. F"oss of Illinois, chair man of thle nalvall committee of thoe house, who had tihe enlergetic suip. port of his western colleagues, and Mr. Moody, for whom Senator Lodge mrade tile winning fight. It waIs for a time in doub)t whlethoer Mr. Moodly would not be placed iln some imepor tant foreign mission rather than in the navy department, but he pro. forred to stay at, home. A P'rinter (reatly.Surprised I never was so mulch surprIsed In miy life, as I was with the resutlts of using (Chamberlain's PaIn Balmi," says IIoniry T. Cook, pressman of the A.sovhile, (N. C.) Gaz.et.tc. "I contracted a so vere case of rheumatism early last winter by getting my feet wot. I tried several things for it without benefit,. One (day whIle lookhly, over the Gezetto I noticed that Pain Bahm Was posil,vely guaranteed to Cure rheumatisn, so bought a bottom of It and before using two-thirds of It my rheumatism had1* takren its flight andl I have not haid a rheumatic pain since." Hold by W. Ei. Onlham & Ran.