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ESTABLISHED 186J5. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1903. MARSHALL UHILD LABOR BILL. Full Text of the Important Measure Which Has Passed Both Houses of the General Assembly. Section 1. That from and after the first day of May, 1903, no child un der the age of 10 years shall be em ployed in any factory, mine or textile manufacturing establishment of this State; and that from and after the first day of May, 1904, no child un der the age of 11 shall be employed in any factory, mine or textile manu facturing establishment of this State; and that from and after the first day of May, 1905, no child under the age of 12 years shall be employed in any factory, mine or textile manufactur ing establishment of this State, ex cept as hereinafter provided. Sec. 2. That from and after May 1st, 1903, no child under the ago of 12 years shall be permitted to work be tween the hours of 7 o'clock p. m. and 7 o'clock in the morning in any factory, mine or Textile manufactory of this State. Sec. 8. That children of a widowed mother and that children of a totally disabled father who are dependent upon their own labor for their sup port, and orphaned children who are dependent upon their own labor for their support, may be permitted to work in textile establishments of this State for the purpose of earning their support: Provided, That in case of a child or children of a widowed mother, or totally disabled father, the said mother or totally dis abled father, and in case of orphan children, the guardian of said chil dren, or pe. son standing in loco parentis of said child or children, shall furnish to any of the said i,or sons named in Section 4 of this act, - an affidavit du1y sworn to by him or her, before some magistrate or clerk of court of the county in which he or she resides, stating that he or she is unable to support the said chil dren, and that the said children are dependent upon their own labor for their support; then, and in that case, the said child or children of the said widowed mother and the said dis abled father and said orphan chil. dren shall not be affected by the prohibitions in Section 1 of this act, and filing of said affidavit shall be full justification for their employ ment. Provided, further, that the officer before whom the said atlidavit shall be subscribed shall endorse upon the back thereof his approval and his consent to the employment of said child or children. Any per son who shall swear falsely to the facts set forth in said act shall be guility of perjury and shall be in dictable, as provided by law: Pro vided further, That the employment of said child or children shall be sub ject to the hours of labor herein limited. Sec. 4. T1hat any owner, superin tendent, manager or overseer of any 2>factory, or textile manufacturing Th establishment or any other person in flcharge thereof, or connected there with, who shall employ any child Scontrary 'a the 'provisionis of this Iact, shall be guilty of a mis "demeanor, and for every such offense shall, up on conviction there ~$~of, he fined not less than $10, nor more than $50. or t.o be imprisoned not longer than 30 days, at t.he dis Scretion of the court. S Sec. 5. That any parent, guairdiain, or other person having uinder his or Sher co utrol any child, whlo conisents, sfrs or permits thei emnploy ment. of 'his or her ebild or witrid undaer the ages as above provided, or who mis. represents the age of sneh child or ward to any of the person namend in Section 4 of this act, in order to ob tam employment for such child or ward, shall be deemed guilty of a mishdemeanor, and for every suich offense sh'ill, upon conviction thter.' ,or, be0 fined not less than $10 nor, miore thant $50, or be imprisoned not. longer than 30 days, in the discrei tion of the court. Sec. 6. That any parenit, gu irdiian or person stc.'ding im loco) parentis, who shall furnish to the persons '~'amed in Section -4 of this act a Y ertificate of a school teacher or W~~shool trustee that their child or ward has attended,1chool for not less than four months during the current sohc.ol year, and that said child pr children can read and write, may be permitted to obtain employment for such child or children in any of the textile establishments of the State during the months of June, July and August, and the employment of such child or children during s&id months upon the proper certificate that such child or children have attended school as aforesaid, shall not be in conflict with the provisions of this act. Sec. 7. That in the employment of any child under the age of 12 years in any factory, mine or textile manufacturing establishment, the owner or superintendent of such fac tory, mine or textile.manufacturing establishment shall require the parent guardian or person standing in loco parentis of such child, -to make an affidavit, giving the age of such child, which affidavit shall be placed op. file in the oflice of the employer; and any person knowingly furbish ing a false statement of the age of such child sholl be guilty of a misde meanor, and for every such offense shall, upon conviction, be fined not less than $10, or be imprisoned not longer than 30 days, in the discre tion of the court. Sec. 8. That all acts and parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed. THE RED CROSS TO MR. ROOSEVELT. Explains Board Incident and Speaks of ''Pain" at Conducting Society. Replying to the recent letter of President Roosevelt's secretary, Geo. B. Cartelyou, requesting that public announcement be made that the President of the United States and the cabinet cannot serve as a board of consultation of the American Na tional Red Cross Society,.. Miss Clara Barton, president of the society, has addressed an explanatory letter to President Roosevelt. Referring to Article IV, of the constitution of the Red Cross. pro viding for a board of consultation, consisting or the President and his cabinet and certain high officers of the army, Mits Barton points out that this provision was fully endorsed by President Arthur and his entire cabinet, and accepted by succeeding administrations. Continuing, Miss Barton writes: "I recite these facts to you, Mr. President, as an earnest that neither was usurpation practiced nor discourtesy intended in the late needed changes of the article of the constitution. Thus, Mr. President, if ini the continuing of your honored name andl that of your cabinet in our administration of the Red Cross 1 have committed an error *o grave as to merit a reprimand, and be re quiredI to make an open deniai be fore the wvorld of the privilege 1 have assumed, the powers I have usurped, the disrespect shown the honored heads of this nation, and my uin avoidable and deep humiliation thereat. I shall prove my good citizenship b)y exact and willing con formity with and obedience to the command by the publieation of your lionored letter, and such replies as I have been able to miake, in order that ?.' nmiunderstanding of your rela tions can possib)ly occur." The lettor concludIes thus: "Tras5ting that thaese concessions, faithlfiihy submitted, may prove a suflicienit not ice antd guarantee to the pulic of thle disconnectloln which you desire from the organizationi, which I have so long hand thle pain to conducnt I have thle honor to sub. scribe myself, "Youri obedient country woman, "Clara Biarton." SILVEiR STREET DElPOT. Rali-road Commnsssion to Investigate Re quest of Newberi-y Towvn. The members of the rail ro'id com mission have left for Silver S-t.rist, in Newberry County, a town that has recently petitioned for a deSpot. An inspection will he made and should it be thought necessary the railroad will be ordlerea to buid On. NBRVE IN AN ENGINE CAB. Lost Sometimes for Trivial Reasons; Even for Reversed Signals. [New York Sun.] Many old locomotive engineers thought, before the actual cause of the New Jersey Central Railroad wreck became known, that they could explain why Davis, the engineer, ran past his signals. They attributed his error to loss of nerve. "This comes one time or another to every man who handles a throttle," said an engineer of years' experience. "Nobody can explain it and nobody can tell when it will occur. The slightest unusual thing on a run will sometimes cause it-even a thing so slight as finding signals out of their usual condition. "I have known experienced engin. eers on a generally clear run to pull up their trains before reversed sig nals, so overcome by the unusual oc. currence that they have all but faint ed and have dropped to their seats pale and covered with cold sweat. Once, when we had been blocked this way at a place where 1 had never before known one fast train to stop, my engineer lost his nerve so badly that he could not close the throttle and we would have been in a wreck if I had not jumped up and shut her off. "I have myself been badly rattled by unubual occurrences. The slight est one that I remember was when I was running a night flyer on a stretch where I had a clear track for five miles. "I was going at the rate of sixty miles an hour on a slight grade when I saw a light. In a flash and so clearly as though it were broad day light I thought I could see a loco motive coming full speed toward me on my track. I could see even the engineer, a friend of mine, leaning out of the cab window, and I could hear him, an absurd thing, shout to me to shut off. "Could I shut off? My arm seemed to be paralyzed. I could not roach the throttle though my life and the lives of all the people in my train seemed to depend upon it. I braced myself ..,r the shock and ran past--a man walking beside the track carrying a lantern. I told no body about my scare, of course, but it was two days before I got my nerve back. "Any engineer can tell stories about momentary loss of nerve. The nerve of an engineer needs mental bracing all the time, especially if lie runs an express. We are on a strain from the moment we start our on gineR 'until we leave them at the end of the rumn. "'The machine is throbbing, jolt ing arid swaying under us all the time; we are constantly on the alert for any obstruction on the track, and our ears are strained to detect any sound tha t wvouild indicate a loose joint, bolt or nint. "So tense are our nerves all the time that I have known a driver to be actually incapacitated for a week because he hit. a d1og, and I have heard competent enginm era whose nerve nobody questioned beg to be let off a fast but usual run be cause they didn't feel up to it. "There are engmneers today who are dubbing along on way freights after serving long on expresses, and who would throw up their jobs rallier than resume their old places on fly era. They have lost their nerve, andl they know it. I have seen men, still young, cry like bab)ies when they knew they were no longer lit to run a fast train. "Tihere is only one man in thle b.usiness whoi~ hasi the reputation of never losing his nerve. He is John K insill a, who talkes No. I on the Erie firom Port ,Jervis to Susquehanna. "'It wars his train, t.hat rahi into a big rock jumst aIbove Sohol a ini 1883 and went. tumbling dlown a sixty foot bank to the edge of thle D)elaware river. Maniy lives were lost there and J1ohnm's Ii reman, mninned by t he logs under his enigmne, was roastedl before his eyes. ~Johnm's own foot wvas caught, buIt hisn shoes were not bot toned., and lie managed t., w,-igg his foot clear, leaving the shoe be hind. "He stood by his fireman, talking to him as the flames were creeping nearer, gave him water, took his last message for his wife and saw him burn to death. John's left foot was a little lame ,or a long while after that, but he showed up the next day, cool as a cucumber, and insisted on taking his usual rt,n. He says that he has never lost his nerve for an instant, anthough he has had half a dozen accidents and I believe him." SKETCHES BY EX-CONFED. He Writes of People of Ante-Bellum Times. Henry Burton, J. P. Williams, J. T. Peterson, S. N. Davidson and E. P. Lake loved to play practical jokes on each other and then meet at Newberry on saledays and tell the jokes. E. P. Lake concluded that he would make Josiah Stewart give a dinner. So he invited a number of people to take dinner with Josiah Stewart on the next Saturday. By some means Mr. Stewart heard the invitations were out, and he pre pared a splendid dinner-had a tur key and a u,utton-in fact as good a dinner as his wife knew how to pro pore (and she was a good cook). The dinner was on Saturday and the next Monday was saleday. Not a word was spoken about the dinner being gotten up by E. P. Lake. In fact nearly every one thought Mr. Stewart had given the dinner on his own account. On Monday when Mr. Lake got his crowd at. Newberry he told how he had played the joke on Mr. Stewart. After the laugh had been enjoyed, Mr. Stewart asked Mr. Lake why he had not told the whole joke. Mr. Lake askei what else was to tell. Mr. Stewart told Mr. Lake to tell whose sheep they had eaten. Then the joke was turned on Mr. Lake, as Mr. Stewart had gone tc Mr. Lake's pasture and killed one of his nicest. sleep. Henry Burton, John T. Peterson, J. P. Williams and S. N. David on were fox hunters in the - times. When they heg they had a very poor pat . but they finally got a good pacb .u( had a great deal of sport. When they got their first pack of dogs they went hunting one night. Each one had a small bundle of rich lightwood tied to his saddle. The dogs jumped a fox between Henry Burton's and Washington Floyd's. It seemed tc be a sight race and each hunter lighted his torch andl followed the( dlogs yelling like Comanche Indians, Some of Washington Floyd's niegroei were 'possum hunting an~d seemng the army of jack o lanterns coming ii their direction, they made for hom< squalling for dear life. Ilotter grew the race, and round andl round rar the fox, the hunter still 'yelling. l ntally the (logs caught the fox and each hunter fell from his horse, toreh in hiandl, each trying to tail the fox A.ft.er falling and tumbling over enal other they discovered1 that it was not a fox it all, but. a long gaunt wvil boar hog whose tail had been, frozer off wvhen he was a pig. X. Con fed. 1)OIESN'T Go THERtE. Senator Tillmian is Not a Visitor at th< White llouse. The New York Sun's Washingtoi corresp)ond(enlt, writing of the pr~es eonce of negroes at the ~president' recep)tionl, says Sonato,r TVillmani gav a studiously initecresting imterview lie sout herun niewspaper correspori dents. He said: ''The thinug t hat b)otherst me1 mfos is the fact that my inme was printei this morning as am~ong thle gnost present at. t he reception l ast nigh i TVhe same miieta,ke~ was mando on thi occasion of t he diplomaitic recepttior I have not bsOrn io t lie white lionis do not intend to go t hiis winter an never expect to go there wvihe Ith present occupanLit resides there. 1 d1 not blamo,u ary sont hern man for it am5iIptinig to prevent the practice< social equal ity ; t hat is, if lie is white man." SOUTH CAROLINA CLAIMS Against the United States-Secretary of State Gantt Encouraged at the Out look for Early Settlement. [The State.] Secretary of State Gantt. has re turned from Washington and ex. preses himself as very much gratified at the prospect of an early settlement of the claims of South Carolina against the United States, growing out of the war of 1812.15. The United States government admits an indebtedness to the State of $77,028.02 on July 19, 1832, with interest at 6 per centum thereon. However they require, before allow ing interest, that the State must show that she either paid interest by the transfer of other securities, Lefore interest will be allowed her, and it was to present to the department proof of this fact hat necessitated Mr. Gantt's visit to the capital. This. evidence Mr. Gantt filed with the comptroller of the treasury. The United States holds as tris tee for the Indian fund $125,000 of South Carol ina 6 per cent. bonds, of the issue of 1859, for the erec tion of the State House and in any settlement which is effected, these bonds must be paid by the State at their full faco value. Mr. Gantt says: "Owing to the un tiring work of Senator Tillman, and as a result of ceaseless personal effort on his part, the treasury department now offers a settlement which will practically square accounts, but this offer Senator Tillman refuses, and is appealing from the decision of the auditor of the var deparment, do manding that South Carolina be paid upon the same basis with which a settlement was effected with Vir ginia under like circuinstancs. "This basis is the computation of simple interest at 6 per cent. upon both accounts until the maturity of the bonds held by the government in 1881, and interest, at 6 per cent. upon the balance due the State ($52,000) until the (lay of payment. The treas ury department proposes the compu tation of interest on both accounts at simple 6 per cent. interest to an arbitrary date at which both would be equal. As the original principal of the State was smaller, a computa tion to 1899 would effect this result.. "douth Carolina is thus assured of the payment of enough of her claims against the United States to settle these vexatious outstanding bonds. Under the act of 1893 they were fundable at 50 cents on the dollar, and with accrued interest to date constitute over $125,000 of valid and admitted bonded deb1,e against the Sta'e. The United States government has repeatedly declined this settlement, and1 demanded in stead full face value, with interest." Senator Tillman, Mr. Gantt says, has been rendered valuable help by Mr. Baker of Abbeville, who is cm ployed in the senate library at Wash ingto.n, who has collected the evi donCe in the departments at Wash ington wvhich was of such great im portance to the State in making ont Iher ease. If Senator Tillman succeeds in es tabhsinig his basis of calculation of the interest, South Carolina would secure over $100,000 in cash from the general government, in addition to the sett.lernenit of these Indian trust fund bonds. CONSTABILE SUSP'ENDEDI. Governor He~ywar(t Takes Frompt Action In Charleston Matter. [Columbia loo (1.] As a result of compllainit to Giov ernor Hey ward regar-ding the con tduict of Constable Caulfied in Char loston last WVednresday the Governor has suspended1 the constable until a full investigation has been made. CaulfIield attemipte3d to stop a do livery wagon of Sit.tile Brothers for the purpose~ of searching it. for con trab)and( and when the driver refused Ito pull up, lhe shiot the hors'. Cauil fihl c laimis that thle dlriver attem pted to run over himri, but the pol ice of C'har-laston, who are inrvestigat ing the shooting, claim that cons'tale a .iot without provocation or warn . fli. THE STATE PRESS ASSOCIATION Executive Coinittee Decides to Have Annual Meeting at White Stone Lithia Springs in July. [The Stato 6th.] The executive committee of the State Press association met in this city last evening for the purpose of arranging for the coining annual meeting of the association. Among the members present, were President E. H. Aull, Secretary C. C. Langs ton of Anderson, Treasuror August Kohn, Editor J. C. Carlington of the Spartanburg H-erald, Editor E. H. DeCamp of the Galfne'y Ledger, and Editor J. Ml. Knight of Sum ter. The committoe decided that the annual sostsionhs of the convention should be held on July 8, 1), 10 and 11 next, and the action of the last gathering as to the place - -the White Stone Lithia Springs was conlirmed. Proprietor Harris has offered special rates at the hotel for the editors and the members of their families. At the meeting last evening the committee decided to invite one of the most distinguished men of the country to deliver tho annual oration, but the name will not be announced tntil the gentloman has been coin municatedl with. The committee took initial steps also looking to the annual trip of the members of the assocciutiion. This year the committee is thinking so riously of making ("alifornin the ob jective point. Arrangtent of the programm e for the anntal mol ing was entered up on, and t o mm111111ittee silected a number of subjeots upon which mom bers will be asked to present papors. The assOciationl will imlot at White Stone on' Tuesday ev,.aing, J uly 7, at 8 o'clock, and remain notil F'riday night following. The annual ad dress will be delivered at the banquet on Thursday night., July V. The following programme has been arranged: "The Advertising Agonts"-A. 0. Kollock, Darlington News. ''Scraps of South (arolina Jour nalisin" ----Yates Siowdtn, Tho News and Courier. "Circulationi Building" ---V. W. Ball, Laurens Advertiser. "A Daily Newspaper ini a Small City"----HI. L. Vatson, l roenwood In1dex. "1'he Job, Ohico in Conjunction a Country Newspaper'"- A WV. Knight, B3amboerg Herald. "Tlhe At t itudoe of t he Press Toward 'te O0ilco Seeker"-RH. T. Ja ynes, Keowee C ourier, W alhtalla. "'Cash in Adlvancee Syst em vs. Cred it Syst em"'- -,J. W,. D)oar, George town Outlook. "N ewspapers as Law makers"' - W. H. Wallace, Newberry Ob)serve-. '"The E'ditorial Column''-- ,J. C. Garli ngton, Spartanburg H-eraId. "The Rteligious Press"- 11ev. WV. P. J1asohbs, D. D)., Our Montlfy, Clini toni. "Eithuics oif Journalism"' - -Plaul Mt. Brice, Col umblia Ilecordl. "D)oes it Pay the Manager- to Work ini Mechanical D)epartmnents"'-- J.- C. Mace, Mariona Star. "What Valute are Correspondents to a Paper Y"---J. M. Knight, Sumter "H-Iigher Ideals for the Country Newspaper"'-Johuu K. AullI, New berry IHeraId ad NeWs. The fullI pro gra nmmte will be issut. ed by the secretary oif the associ tion as sooni a possible, giving full in format ion to the nmenmbers, Susan Simpson. Suddlen swallows swiftly skimnming, Sunset's slowly spre'ading shade, Silvery songsters sweetly singing, Summer's soothing serenade. Susan Simpson str-olled sedlately, Sifting sobs, suppressing sighs Seeing Stephen Slocum, stately Stopped she, showing some surpr)iise. "-ay," saidl Ste phen, "'sweeter sigher, Say, shall Stephen spouselsCess stay?'' Susan seeming somewhat shyeir, Showedl sublmissiveniess straightway, Sumrmer's season slowly s tretches, Susan Simpson Slocum she So she signedl some simp)le sketches- - Soul sought soul Isuccessful ly. - - (Greenvilue News. BILL TO PENSION EX-SLAVES. The Bill Was Presented by Request of President Mitchell, Of National Industrial Union. Senator Hanna has introduced a bill granting pensions and bounties to all ex slaves who were freed by the proolamatiou of President Lincoln during the Civil war. It provides that persons over 50 years of age and less than 60, whether male or female, shall receive a cash bounty of $100 and monthly pensions of $8 per month; pensions between 60 and 70 years old a bounty of $800 and a pension of $12 per month and persons over 70 years old a bounty of $500 and a pension of 615 per month. The bill also pro. vides for the payment of the bounty and pension to relatives who may be aharged with the care of ex slaves. President Mitchell, of the National Industrial council, at whose request the bill was introduced, issued a statement tonight to the effect that no one has authority to charge the petitioners who will benefit, should the bill become a law, any money to further its passage. ADDICKS WITHDRAWS CANDIDACY. No Longer in the Race for United States Senator From Delawarc-The Cause. Dover, Del., February 7.-The sudden ainnouncement Thursday that J. Edward Addicks had withdrawn from the candidacy for United States Senator which he has urged so persistently since 1895 created an innsn0 sensation. The belief is general that the re fusal of the United States Senate to confirm United States District Attor ney Win. M. Byrne had the effect of bringing about Mr. Addicks' with drawal. The Union Iepublican choice for senator in place of Ad dicks will probably be Governor Hunn or Secretary of State Layton, State Senator Allee, the Addicks leader, having repeatedly declared that he would not accept. the United States senatorship. Mr. Addicks made a statement in which he said: "I herewith declare publicly my withdrawal as a candi date before this legislature for the oilice of senator from this State in thle senate of the United States. "The withdrawal of my candidacy is conditioned upon the holding of a Republican caucus to be participated iln by all of the Rupublican members of the general assembly and the selection of t wo candidates for the senate of the United States by ma jority rule in said caucus." TILLMlAN'S GREAT-UNCLE. F:ound D)ead in St. Paul Several Days Ago. (Chicago Chronicle.) St- Paul, F"eb. 2. --J1ohn Tillman, aged 7() years, great-uncle of Senator Tillmnan, of South Carolina, was found dead in a chair here yesterday noon. There was a bullet wound in his forehead anid thel inidications pointed to su'iie. Mr. Tilman lived like a hermit in a one room hut and his bed was; a sort of cuipboard filed with straw and old clot hing. For manny youirs hei had traveled the streets of St. Paul sel, ing lead pencils and( shoe. st rinigi anrd was believed to be rich. Hie was a depositor in the Giermaniia bank at the timeu of thme failure and since then had1( shunne~d banrks. lie was known as the "'miser of red towni. Mr. Tilhlman was supposed to hiuc thiousands(1 of dollars hiddI(en in tIhe house and1( thle niews of is dea1th at tracted a crowd of curious people. T1he police anid the coroner searched the small but from top to b)ottomn looking for the hidden t rearure, t none1 conihl be fouJnd. Chicago's Longing. "And now,'" said the guid.', h-av.. inig saved the bow- for the last, "I will show you thle ruins of the P - t benon.' T1he shiallow-faced mnan of t hie party ---the mOan withI the goaltee --do. muirred. "Durn the ruins!" lie exc claimne " Show us somuethjin' fresh. Where's the miday ?"