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The Herald and News has kept tip with the proceedings of the Legislature. Unless the reader follows the proceed ings very closely, however, he is likely to get results confused with what. was proposed but never became law. This legislature will be noted rather for what it did not do than for what it. did, and we are inclined to believe that is to its credit. There was no special rea son for any great deal of changing of our laws. The fact is t he fewer changes made the better. Several matters of public concern were proposed, but this session seemed disinclined to pass them into law. A child labor law was enacted, but it is so mild in its provisions that there will scarcely be any perceptible advantage to the little children. 1lowever, it is an endorsement of the priciple and will build sentiment in favor of the protec tion of the children. Two of the most importaant proposi tions brought bt fore this session were killed or continued. The one was the assessnet nt of property for taxation. It is a f:t't that in this matter there is more room foi- genuline reform than any other 'ossihly that wa. presented. The State Board of E-quali:zatt.;:. which met last summer found such inequality in the assesstmltnt of t prolperty that it adIournetld withtut accomiplishlin g any thing and sentt a mlletorial to the legis lature as:inr that stille legislatio li ht' enacted. It i.t cnt't is the constit ion obivt'il 1'0 ri arl 'it'olirty at its act ual al . It t great trouble is that it sttIt' t it's it is assessed as low :ts 'tt '' or tit11t of its Ittital valtIe. w llil' n t it-r citmit tits a:- lli 1i as thty itr ctl. t' a. tulal value. T ha 'r; ;t'.ir , tli t t' ..it y' tt t l ' 1ar 0n'r thl:on l1- l)t't i t l;t i t,i the hutleltil of *titt tax ;iti ;tnt a t tt' i beai' less than it- :,I;ttI. lhe wi thrke lie lills on lhl"s 111 i;-.'t ett'it' \' MI'. .ere i ;tlal Stlith o t t', olt' by M . 'l. .1. Den nis of ltratlv. ::ii et' by t r. Aull of N'hbrr'. .-\V t th'st were referi'ed to a sibt'tt it't' d a substitute bill was alit i I" 'hi' t-ommitte cover' in.c itn' ii t :ttit u's (If all three, but the Ilt i i Ilt bili. The effort was tt ',''t tll hi' litrt'i'ty subject to t.xatiotn at its :)ctual value. Now a comntttte'u nas lu"'tl appointed to sit iuning the tt't'.s anl t!tleavoi' to get up a bill to covter the subject. Mr. lwt' it a tn11tht-r of this committe'. It t a t r ni rtant suliect. and if a plan ettub.i ht ,it-"vised by which all the ptrptlecrt; sulbject to taxation could be p!at .i '1 : t ' it tks at its actual value we"' ttuli r edulit'te taxation more t han tit't -hItif. Tht- tother important lnatte' was tilt rtat quest t i. l'.verybody was i ead\ It nmaike a sp cti on the value of goo ret,1h andI their importance. buit when''t iert'cii tIel it'iiheyv would not st iek. You mtay talk abl out the couna try schoitls. antd cliiurches. and i-tural dt'liiv. 1tt the firist t hing we need is a rtoad an thlese o1t' things will come. 'Te on ly way toi gut r-oawls is t'irist to get Siomet tntnt-y atnda t' gover'tnment hais no way to raiso mnoni V excieplt lby taxation, aittl that is the onily fair and just and equlit ale way~ tt raise' it. The pletlii whit town thle protylt' ini the totwns antI Ith< eorporttat ionrs and thlit railroads are aill will it g to itontri iut'e thiri share if' t hey are ontly peri-n t'd to ido so. 'Thlert' is noi moitre reasont to per'mitI or rireti t the pleti who live in the c'ounitry to keep: til the risl t han to retquir'e any tother claiss to keep tilthe1 couthoInuse' antI theii jail. It is all pub1dmle popert1y andI shuould he minitained( by all the It'r pay intg mnvts tienit coud hile made byv all thit peoptIle thainmoniey' puit in gottod roads. Antd it woutldl pay all Ithe plti alike. The muattter will come' til again at the next session, antd will con intit to comuptl unmt il it is se't tld andh settled iright . 'Thle present roadl law rinsiiii as it is Ltexept that. conviets upil to ten years may be sentened tot chain gang. A b ill did pass bthI houses ail lowing t he comutnntt ion0 tatx to ibei as mnuch its thrmee dollars but it was killed in free tinfteence thet last night of then A conmptulsoi'y education law shouildi have gonue withI the child labor bill btt it was killed by six votes. Ibit it will T1heu tI appropiat lions5 for' this y'ear' are abotut the same ats last. year, possily~ a little less as there is no general election for this year to be' provided for. Mr. K(ibler's inisturantce h)ill pi'ovidinig for anl insurance dlepart ment aind an insur'ance ('oniunlissioner', p)assed thet I louse but was k ill'd in the Senate ent s of edluction to secure a fir stgr-ade crtific'ate befOre beting eligible to oflice met a similar fate. 'rhe ollice of phlosp)hate inspector' was ahlolshed but the law dloes not got into operation until the term'i of the pr'esenit officer has t'xpir'ed. In local matters arrangements were miade for this county to borrow ten thousand dlollars to lpay past1 indebted ness and a levy of one half of one mill was made in order to meet the interest andl pay part of the principal each year until tl.c wvhole amount was returned. The levy for ordinary county purposes is 24 mmill th sameas aqinear.. 'rh.. dded to the school levy and the State levy makes the total levy for this coun ty eleven mills. The session was a very pleasant and harmonious one and composed of a 4reat many new men, some who had never had any legislative experience. rhere was no factional differences and no leader was developed, but the mem bers voted as they chose and on their own judgment. ** Speaker 'mith though he had had only one term in the legislature before this made a most excellent presiding oflicer being always prompt in his rulings anl fair and impartial. x* There were some attempts at dispen sary legislation but the sentiment seemed to be against any changes in the law. The effort to increase the profit and put it to the school fund failed. The investigation of the man agement which started in the senate did not amount to anything and was abandoned. The Laurensville Herald takes ex ception to a recent editorial utterance of The Herald and News condemning the speech of Senator Tillman before the New York Press Club, in which the Senator referred to the fact that many years ago in order to wrest South Caro lina from negro rule "we were compell ei by the exigencies of the situation to use the shotgun and the tissue ballots, and we used both. " We said we did not see what. good could be accomplish ed by a continual repetition of this fact, and we still hold the same p sition, the Iaurensville Herald, the Columbia Record or any other paper of the oppo e view notwithstanding. The fol lowing from the Atlanta Constitution expresses the case exactly. "It is a long, long while since the odious days of reconstruction. and the politieal methods made necessary by the per petration of a governmental outrage have lapsed into vague memories of the older generation. Hut when Senatol Tillman even gloats over and glories in shotguns and tissue ballots he is guilty of an anachronism of Southern sentiment which is worse thl u an intrusion upon the present era of good feeling. It is a positive altront to modern enlighten ment ant modern progress. . The Bomhastes Furioso of the ok school is only a stage character for one-night Northern stands now. The role may be temperamental with thc South (':"iolina Senator. It is typical of nothing Southern today. if it ever was typical of anything. The South is not disposed to talk too much without thinking at this time." We are heartily in sympathy with the efforts which Senator Tillman is making t" save the South, and particularlyN South t'arolina, from negro otlice-hold ers, and we adlmire him for the manly tight whlch he is making in this direc tion. Should it become necessary agair t" use the shot gun and the tissue balloi in lrder to preserve the sanctity of out homiets andl to upldlO( white suprenmeiiii in a white man's eountry, then we woultd aid in the tuse of the tissue balloi and the shot gun. Hut there is no senst in eallinig tup the (lark memories of quarter of a century ago. Stern meas ur ies were necessaryv then and ster-i melasurest' were uIsedl. Shotuld. harsl mieasuries again become necessar'y harsh measures will again be usetd Huit let us wait until the time conmes. andI while we wait it is well to remoen hter that nothinig was ever yet aceconi tiished by making threats. We art living in a eivilized country andI in eiv iIi'z'ed age. LEGISLATIVE PiROCEEDINGS. The Session Ended Saturday - Insuranet Bill and Others Killed- -luch IRoutine Business. 'The G;eneral' Assembly, after a ses sion1 lasting through forty days, ad. jom-ned on Saturday '[hle session as whole was at very conservative one. Hut few general laws wer'e passed, anm not one of these is a radIical meatsure. The (Child L4abor Law, by far the most as miildl andi ('onservative a Child1 Laho: L aw~ as exists in any State in the Union 'The last days of the session wert largely taken tup with rotutine businest incide(nt to (losing. Hoth houses mel for' the last time on Satturday morniny at t)0'o'cltock, o'tly to await reports 01 ('onlference commit taes andl the engros. Sing de(par't imnt and to adt(lt re'solu tions ot thanks to otfdeers andl r'epre. 5(ent altive's of the priess. Hoth houset atdjourned sine( (lie praclttically at t h samei( momecnt -- a few minutes after tw( 0 '1lock on Sat urday a fter'n(oon. Mosi of the miember's had already gone tc t heir homes on the Saturd(ay mor'nn rains. nIL.1s (CONTIINtII'tn All t he HillIs oni lriday 's calendar' hot h Senate and II (ouse we're' c(nt inuedi to the ne'xt session. 'These includenk thle Hill to appr)iopriate' $25,000) 'or a State exhib)it atl the exptosit ion to he hel in St. Lou1~5 is. Il thIe A ssessumnt H ills, the Mar sha,ll Heer' Hill. and ot hers of some Tlhe A ItIIropiit ion Hill passedl the Sen ate prti'cially ats it passed the H ouse. Some few items wer'e sublmittedl to confer'ence commnittee, b ut the changes were fewv andi small, '[hle ap)propr'iationi to the South Carolina College standms at $29,4l07, with $1,640 normal scholarships, and1( the app)roprtiationi for Winthrop at $52,500 for suppor0lt, andI $5,456 for scholarshi ps. IBoth houses overrodle the Governor's veto of the Rill pasedm .a the lat sion to authorize the State Treasurer to write off his books the old bonds of the State Bank, and the Bill becomes law. A concurrent resolution was passed to appoint a commission to sit during the recess to consider plans of getting the State on a cash basis. A commis sion was appointed and given instruc tions to report to the Governor by January 1, 1904. The commission is composed of Senators Mower and Man ning and Representatives Moses, Jno. P. Thomas, Jr. and W. 0. Tatum. FLEXIBLE ROAD LAW KILLED. Mr. Morgan's Road Bill providing that the amount of the commutation tax and the number of days for working the roads in the several counties, should be left to the county boards of commis sioners was killed in free conference committee. The Shad Bill, prohibiting the ship ping of shad outside the State, was continued by the Senate. This is the Bill on which there was a continued fight in the House, Messrs Pyatt and Dour, of Georgetown, leading the op position, which was greatly in the mi nority, and seeking to kill the bill by fillibustering measures. The Dog Bill, imposing upon all dogs a capitation tax of fifty cents, was also continued by the Senate until next ses s10. Also the Bill to require 250 pounds of baggage to be carried on trains free. DISPENSARY INVESTIGATION. The committee appointed to investi gate the affairs and management of the State Dispensary submitted a re port on Friday in which it was stated that they were unable to find anything against the management, but that the time was too short to do justice to the investigat ion or to the management. INSt'HANCE BI,L KiL.LED. The Senate. after a good deal of dis. cussion), killed Mr. Kibler's Bill to cre ate the department of insurance, with a chief oflicer to be known as an insur ance commissioner, whose duty it would he to exercise, on the part of the State, a general supervision over all insurance companies doing business within the State. TEN YEAR ('ONVICTS. Nir. Ford's Bill to provide for ten year convicts to serve sentences on the public works of the county was passed by the Senate and will become law. The main provisions of the Bill are: "In every case in which imprisonment is provided as punishment, in whole or in part, for any crime, such imprison ment shall he either in the Penitentiary, with or without hard labor, or in coun ty jail, with or without hard labor, at the discretion of the Circuit Judge pro nouneing the sentence: Provided, that all able-bodied male convicts, whose sentences shall not. be for a longer period than ten years, except persons convicted of attempt to rape, shall be sentenced to hard labor upon the public works of the county in which convict shall have been convicted, and in the ateInative to imprisonment in the county jail or Sitate P enti tentiary at hard labor." Senator Gineis' lBill to regulate traf fic ini cot toin seedl antI uinpackedl lint cotton was killed in the Ilouse. iPfiosPHiATE INSPEC TOR AniOI.ISII lD. The Hill to abolish the ollice of phos pae insplector passedl both houses. The Hill as originally introduced de volved the dluties of the oflice upon the St ate geologist, but was so changed that the dut ies devolve upon1 the State board of phosp)haite 'omnmissioniers with out eompleiisation. wIORKiS. Mr. Aull's Bill to make the mayor and two alderman of the city of Newv herry memboers of the Board of Comn mnissioniers of1 Publie Works passed tihe I louse hut was coiniitued by the Senate un11 il nlext session. Well Said. lie'vinig ten thiiuLsandi ihogi,s. It is a man's .luty~ to disbelieve, or dloubt, at a1 li> ier ihne, wh'len the matter Ihas beenti well coniisidered ; but no man ii s caipable of dlisb)elievinig, or of doubting, initelligently and sen siblly,. uniless heo fi rst ha s strong and piosit ivye bliejfs. A man's real power~' cithler to do or to doubt Siauti fromi his beliefs, andl if a man gives mint iiion to what lhe does not bahte mher than to whai~t he does beliese . lhe ma kes no progress, and he liacks piractical power ini ainy dli Goenor Andrew,' oif Mlassachun setts,. whoi( was at mnan of itremenid Ouis convictions, and1( who madec thousaindIs believe ias he believed becca use lie had those con vict ions, said jutst bef'ore thle openiIing of thle Civil WVar, whein multitudes were hesitating and halt ing and doubt inig :'"I want a ia w ho believes somnethi ng. There's hole' of such a mian. " And Governor Andrew tittered a great t rth I w hen lhe said hat , - a great trnuthI not only) for thait but for all day s. Yet today, on every side, there are young meni and older men n ho thlink little abotut t heir beliefs, or about their Conivictions1, it i i.ty have any, anud much of thir d lisbelijefs antd doubts and qutest ioni ngs. --Sunday School Tlim-es THE CONPBDBRATB REUNION To Be Held In New Orleans in May-The Deeds and Principles of Those to Gather There. I The f.illowing in regard to the a Con federate Reunion to he held in I New Orleans May 19-22, is from the pen -f Mr. Page M. Barker, the 1 gifi..d editor of Ibe New Orleans Times Democrat: "Indica+ions are plentiful that the reunion to be held in New Orleans, May 19, 20, 21 and 22, by the Uni ted Confederate Veterans will be the most worthily memorable event in the hisiory of the organization. "t is now more than two score years since the people of the South, animated with a spirit than which there is nothing finer in human his. tory, united as one man in the effort to resist the invasion made by the Northern States, to defend the tra ditional principle of local self-gov ernent and to maintain, in unim paired vigor, the idea of State's sov ereignty. Without in any sense seeking to stir the treacherous ashes of that period of the national life, it is suficient. to state that the South ern people were then, as they have always been, actuated by motives of disireterested patriotism. Respotid iug to the call to arms, the old, the middle-aged and the young, "flocked gaily to the fight," and for four years of fiercest war demonstrated that they were willing to die for an idea. Discriminatng critics of his tory now recognize that the Cotifed orate solhier fought only for what all freedom should be willing to fight. It is nov clear to all that the spirit of "he that loseth his life shall save it"-the spirit of "greater love hath to man than this, that he Iay down his life for his friend"-gave impulse and char cter to the Confederacy froiu the moment when Mr. Davis was inttugurated at Montgoimery to the hour when (. n Lee surrendored at Appomattox. "It. is right that the people of the Sot h, of the Union and of the world, know this There was a time when Americans of the Northern States failed to compreh,nd the real signifi canc' of the Confederacy; a time when t ie failed to appreciate the controlling motive of the Confederate soldier; a time when the lingering animosities of war blurred the his torical perspective and made it ditli cult, if not im ,possible, for Federal r, d Confederate to apprise aceu rately onie anocthear's character. That time is now hiapp)ily passing, if, in dleed], it is not already past. When Lee suirrenudered at Appomattox a great issue was decidled. For four years Fedieral and Confederate had St r nggled in civil war. Each side had spoken its mind from the can nion's mouth. The dclaminationi wr g voci femns11, thle rhietoric miagniificent, the argumient conceluisive. Anid when the foote >re Cotnfederate soldier sur rdnruleredl his gun, wrunig the hands of his comrade in silence, and, but torinilg his* parole ini his faded gray p)acket, as Girady ha's pict.ured him, began the slow arnd painful home. ward journey, he realized that the war was over, that slavery' was abol ishedl, andi that, henicefort h, the right to secede from the Un ion could havd nio pl an ine the American polity. ''This, however, was not t lie comn plate signifiicaruce o,f Appomattox. Thej suirrendler of Lee's arrms, the parole of the Conufederat e soldier, meant more thain the emancipation of a race, nu,re than the political weldinug t oget her of separate and in. dIividlual States. It meant that with the echus of t he last gun should die every igunobl e prejund ice and miemory; that beneoath t he repelling features of war should beu discerned the re deeming nobleness of both Federal and Confederate; that a reciprocal confidlence should solidify anid purify our political life; and, finally, that, as one nation, we should become one people. "I t is not too miuch to say that this larger significance of the titanic strtuggle of forty yeals ago is now understood anid appreciated through out the Union. Rf'cently, and es pecially within the last few yearn, the feeling has become strong among thinking men everywhere that in 'thle irrepressible conflict'' both Nort herners andn Southerners "dle fornded thle right as G*od gave them to see the right,'' and( thlit it was in he inscrutable windomi of Providence hat lie pure purpose~s of Ihle South were crossed and her branve armies Iwere overwhelmed. "It is with thles. f.'eli ags, and feelings kinidie, ut> thee', that Amer-|I irani< of the So,r ti'~e iookng fr. rard to the next annual reunion ofi onfederate Veterans. The local onimittee is autively at work. Auple )reparatiuns are waking to receive he boats of ex-Conlfoderates that will oon converge upon New Orleans rom every section of the Union. rho people of this city hope and ex )iet that the grim men in gray who urty years ago imperiled all for their touutry-and regretted not that they mperiled it--will come, in large 'umbers, to this hospitable old city f ours and receive here the welcome %nd benediction of their grateful 3ount ry men. The date set for the reunion draws near. We want the renelable and venerated heroes-the thin gray line that is growing- thin aer every year-to move with mar Eial tread once more through the streets of the metropolis of the South. From Louisiana and her neighbor ing States of Mississippi, Alabama, Texas and Arkansas; from far away Tennessee and Florida; from farther away- Virginia, the Carolinas, Geor gia, Kentucky and Maryland, and from the more distant Northern and Eastern States in which Southerners bave, since the war, found congenial bomes and won enduring reputation -from every point in the Union, we :esire that ex Confederates and the ions and daughters of ex-Confeder %tes shall come to New Orleans. "In the impreegive procession will be men who represent the splendid soldiery of the South that was ready %t the call of (uty--and is rondy still -to tight valiantly and to die with. )ut a muii mur. Men who fought not for fame, not for empire, not (thank Gud!) for monim, but for friends and kinsmen, for home and country I In reflecting upon what the Confeder %te soldier was, as well as upon what be did, the people of New Orleans have highly resolve-1 that the reunion of this )ear shall be the most inter esting, the most, impri ssive and the most successful of all that have I een held by the heroes in gray. The or gat,ization of United Confederate Veterans, has, it is true, reached, if it has not passed, its zenith. Its meridian splendor-the force and the fire that once inhered to it-has waned with the quick-going years. Against it ill the fierce gales of neces. sity, and the fiercer gales of time it self, have blown pitilessly. Numeri call,y its power is necessarily fast diminishing; me rally, its energy for good is strengthening every hour. The memories awakened by it and the pride stirred by a ight of the Confederate Veterans as they pass in annual review on the occasion of these reunions--are forever conse crated and ballowed in the hearts of the Southern people. We need not reconnt all the names on the sacred list, nor tell the sad, brave story over in all its desolate grandeur of ideal and starving suffering; but the pic ture, sketched or finished, is now, and will always be, mirrowed in the eyes of every beholder. If it is only for a moment the people of the South will, on these occasions of CJonifeder ate reunions, lift the r.obly pathetic picture and reverently uncover lhe. fore it ;for spita t he effsy-ivig infln ance of ti-ue', it may never be forgot. ten that what William of Orange's followers were to Holland, what the men who fought with B-uc.i and Wallace were to Scotland, what Mar athon's "ten thousmand"' were the Breece, wh' n, indd-e . TheirmotpyIan's "three humfred" wart to Sparts, the Co'nfcdsrata solier" w'-'oir~, are, and will he -alIways-to Amnericans Jf the Sout hern St ates "It is to the Conrfederata soldier lo his high exaianplIe i'' courage, it' fortitude, in patience anid ~in the espacity to suffer anid to he still that the yo?inger generation of the South owes whatever is worLhy in its civilizat ion. This debt may never he paid, certainly not, within the life-time oif the Confederate soldier; but the heroic sacrifice and the in. spiring example can live again in our remembrance and in t be remoem brance of our children. The rennion to be held in May will remind us of the high civic responsibility that is ours and will p)romp)t us to a wider arnd a wiser patriotism. It will teach us thai. the lamp of idealism should be0 kept forever glowing, and it will help the world to understand that the spirit of t lbe Confederate soldier, like the t>reath of the Holy Man li, d niot with the prophet but stir. Vived him."' MIONEY TO LOAN--We negotiate V.loans on improved farm lands it seven per cent, interest on imounts over one thousand dollars, md eight pr cent. interesti on amounts ess than $1,000. Long time and easy >ayments. Hunt, Hunt & Hunter, Eorig $priqg Arrivols AT THE Ewart-Pifer Co. Youis' Boys' ani dhilaren's Suits. Knee Pants. Nei1iee Shirts, Fancy Hosiery, Handkerchiefs, Neckwear IN ALL THE LATEST SHAPES. Come in and let us show you these Goods. SPECIAL SALE OF Embroideries and White Goods at COPELAND BROTHERS. The Prettiest Line in the City---and the Lowest Prices. 4= -X e aMLe . 4M4., Another big lot just received-all widths. Embridery and Insertions, our price only lOc. a yard, not a piece of them that is not worth 15c., 20c. and 25c. a yard at other stores. Also special low prices in all other depart ments of our Store. Special prices on Dress Goods. Special pricos on Domestics. Special prices on Silks. Special prei-s on Clotbing for Men Special prices on Shoes. and Boys. Special prices on Hats. Special prices on Mens' Extra Pants. Special prices on Linens. . Special prices on Boys' Knee Pants. All Winter Stock, such as Blankets, Over coats, Ladies' Jackets and Furs below Cost. Come and See Us Often. Copeland Bros. SOME JEAUTIFUL NE W GOODS1 JUST ARRIVED IN Dress Goods, Madras, Ginghams, Percales, Soirette, Lace Novelties, Fancy Damask, Mercerized Chambry, Etc., Etc., Etc. All the above in Colors and White. We have many "Odds and Ends" in our "Brought Over" Goods that we are selling quite cheap. Blankets, Overco its, and all Winter Goods are being sold extremely low-really less than cost. New stock ladies' and men's Red Golf Gloves Butterick Fashion Books and Patterns are ready. Come to The Place Where You Get Your Money's Worth. AIDO._KLETTNER'S, 20 yds Sea Island Cloth at only 49 cents. At 0. KLETTNER'S, At 0. KLETTNER'S, 8 0 lb S p a l o r 1 J' (2 h wr I I l s g o io C o ffe n fo r $ 1 0 0 .At 0. KLETTNER'S, At 0. KLETTNER'S, 6 packages (16 oz each) Wash Fruit Jar Rubbers at only 4c. doz. i'i Powders at only 25c. At 0. KLETTNER'S, At 0. KLETTNER'S, 10(0 )ai,s Lad;es, Sliippr worth 8 L asr' Frit arM I 4O'A als 1 51~oii t()c ar At 0. KLETTNER'S,At.KLTNR, 100 pairs Children's SO ppers 13 bars G'ood Washing Soap at worth $1.25 at only (1l. ai pair.oly2 . tO0 ITTNER'S, At 0KETTER' 12 lhs Arm nd Hlamm"r K(EI * lX 1r' by a * 2c At 0. KLETTNER'S, - At 0. KLETTNE 10 yds. 40 in. Hleavy Sheotinig a t Cina Pl1atos, Cups AT O..K LET T N3TkS - A Fair and Squre Dea! Everytime. FULL \/ALU FOR. YOUR v ONEY.