Newspaper Page Text
nibtR TUE, raW aTbCi EK..
ISTABLTSHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 10, 1908. TIEW~~IAVA JBPPOOAT SHOT TO DBATH. 93nding Career of One of South Carolina's Most Daring Criminals. The eldMing chapter in the life of a' desperado known as "the South Carolina Tracey" has been enacted id 'Alatams, when Charles Jeff coat was shot by two offioers of the law. A dispatch received by The State reads as follows: V tiddlu'ii, Ala., March 5..-Charles Jetcoat, alias Charles Johnson, who was wanted in Swainsboro, Ga., for Stlfe tburder of J. C. Flanders, deputy alieriff of Emanuel county, was shot to death today near Watkins bridge, on Yellow river, by Deputy Sheriffs Preetwood and Dunson, who were attempting to arrest him.' Jeffcoat was also wanted in South Carolina for murder. There is a reward of $1,000 for his capture from Georgia. Deputy Dnnson was shot in the leg bj Jeffooat. Jefocoat's career while a lawless one waa nevertheless picturesque. On July 16, 1902, he was being pursued by a posse near Midville, Ga., headed by Deputy Sheriff Joe Flanders who was endeavoring to arrest him for the murder of a man named Wilson at Herndon, Ga. The crime had been committed some four months previous and during the in tervening time Jeffcoat had been eagerly pursued. As Sheriff Flan ders was almost upon him the des perado turned and shot him escaping into the Ogeechee river swamp. A few days later Gov. McSweeney was notified of a gang of horse thieves operating near Wagners in Aiken county and offered rewards for their capture. They were hotly pursued by Sheriff Alderman of Aiken county. Dogs were placed on their trail and the thieves were closed up with. The pursnit nar rowed to a small settlement near the river and the posse came in sight of Jeffcoat, who turned and fired a broadside at the two officers, Sheriff Aldeman and his deputy, Mr. All. The latter was shot in the back by the outlaw who again escaped. A new posse was organized and the chase renewed towards the southern part of the State. He was thought to have entered Lexington county and the Governor and the sheriffs of Aiken and Lexington counties kept up. a constant telegraphic communi cation. Extra cartridges were sent to the officers and frish dogs were obtained. But on July 26 all trace of Jeffcoat was lost, though the man hunt continued. He was traced to Dixiana, in Lex ington county, anid from there en tered the Congaree swamp. The swamp was thoroughly searched but no trace of him could be found. From that time be has been unheard of' in South Carolina, though there were frequent rnors of his appear. ance in this city, as he has a brother living here. Most of these stories were, however, myths. At the time of his disappearance there was an aggregate reward of $1,200 for his capture. Sheriff Flan diers' wido" offered $200, bian brother a like sun, and friends of Flandes $200 moro; $800 wvas offered b)y various Sout h Carolina aut horit ies. It is a question of interest as to whether the two Alatbamna officers would be claimants for the large sum placed upon the head of this noto rious outlaw. CURB CARRIBD HBR DOWN. Made Her Husband Stop Drinking-She Got the Habit. ,Washington, N. J., March 9.-Mrs. Moses de Remer, of Phiullipsburg, several months ago createdi a sensa tion by entering a saloon where her husband and companions were. Seat . ing herself at a table at which there were several men she ordered drinks for the party. When Mr. DeRtemer rerr-onstratedI she declared her privileges wvere the same as his, saying she0 intended to frequent saloons and drink until lie stopped doing the same thing. The husband gave up drinking. His wife, overcome by the craving for intoxicants, could not. Last week she came home intoxi cated and attacked her husband with a butcher knite. She was arre.ted. "ROOSEVELT'S INVINCIBLBS." Ebony Hued Supporters of Roosevelt Form ing Clubs Throughout the Bast. New York, February .-The atti tude assumed by President Roose. velt toward the negro has been in. dorsed in a rousing mass meeting of colored people held in the Bethel Methodist Episcopal church in this city, at which Bishop W. B. Derrick, of the First Methodist Episcopal dis. triot, made a stirring appeal to his people to turn their eyes to the door of hope opened by the president to the black race. The mention of the name of the president by the speaker drew forth tremendous applause from both men and women. The bishop indulged in a bitter denunciation of Senator Till man, of South Carolina. The meeting constituted the first step toward the formation of the "Roosevelt invincibles," which organ ization will favor the renomination of President Roosevelt. Bishop Der rick will speak in Pliiladelphia on a similar mission, and will address the colored men in many of the principal cities of the country, and organize them into local "Roosevelt Invinci. bles," who will use every effort to. ward placing the colored men as delegates in the next national con vention. HAYES WAS PRESENT. On the platform at the meeting was James H. Hayes, of Virginia. Dur ing his speech Bishop Derrick spoke of the appointment of colored men to office by Grover Cleveland and other presidents, but said, that, whereas these presidents appointed negroes, Roosevelt appointed men. "Color is nothing," said the speak er, "however much some white men would harp upon it. Why, there are colored men whom I would not allow in my kitchen, much less in my din ing room. Yes, and there are white men whom I would not allow in my kitchen either." At the close of his speech the bishop offered the following resolu tions, which were adopted amid cheers: nESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. "Resolved, That in his excellency, the president, the honorable Theo dore Roosevelt, the liberty of the world has a most fervent defender, civilization a gallant representative, humanity a generous protector, the American nation a type of civil valor and heroic self.-denial which ought to characterize the first magistrate of a republic. "Resolved, That we recognize that the great and unfinished task of Lincoln wvhich has fallen into his hands will be properly and success fully accomplished for the happiness and prosperity of the nation. "Resolved, That we pledge our selves from this time henceforth to use our efforts for his nomination and election to the presidency mn 1904. "Resolved, That wve form ourselves into an association to be known as 'Rloosevel t Inuvinucibles,' recoimmend ing similar organizitions to be formed throughout the country." SCHOOLBOYS IN A DUBL. After Exchanging Shots, They Drew Lots to See Which Should Commit Suiiide. (N. Y. Sun.) Vienna, March 4.-The latest in stance of the duelling mania as told by the newspapers affects two school boys, who resolved t(o make an affair of honor out~ of a quarrel about a schoolgirl. A formal challenge wee sent and accepted. School fellows readily agreed to act as seconds, be. lioving that the affair was only in fun. Wheno the dluellists arrived at the appointed place in a wood armed with real revolvers the seconds be came frightened and decamp)ed. The principals, however, remained and gravely exchanged L.hree shots, all of which failed to (10 any harmi. Thereupon the duellists agreed to to draw lots to determine which of them should commit suicide. TLhe loser, the same evening, attempted to carry out th'o bargain. He was found bleeding from a wound in the temple. It is believed that his in jury is not fatal. CRUM RBAPPOINTUD. President Determined to Force a Negro Upon Charleston I1 Possible. President Roosevelt is determined to force the fighting on the Crum appointment in the Senate. The name of W. D. Crum, to be nollector of the port of Charleston, heads the list of Presidential nominations sent to the Senate on the first day of the extra sessi'n Thursday. The re tirement of John P. Thomas, of Ne vada, one of the two Republicans who voted in committee to report the Crum nomination adversely in the Congress just closed, leaves the commerce committee a tie. The ap pointment of another Republican on the committee will probably result in a favorable report in favor of Crum. There is no reason to believe that Republican Senators, if a roll call is ordered, will vote against Crum's nomination, hence the opposition to Crum will continue the tactics of de lay followed in the previous session. Senator Tillman and Clay, who are in close touch with the situation, will have no difficulty in preventing ac tion upon the nomination as long as the special session lasts. There is a theory, inspired by some one at the White House, that the President is indifferent as to the fate of Crum, and for that reason he sent the name in again, hoping that it would be disposed of during the present session, so that the way might be cleared for him to make some other selection. Those who have talked with the President on the subject do not obtain such an im pression. The President knows that the Republican Senators dare not go on record against Crum simply on account of his color. CONSTABLES TO .BE MOUNTED. To Meet Conditions Existing in Charleston. Determined to Enforce the Law. [The State, 7th.] Gov. Heyward yesterday morning received a letter from MayorSmythe, of Charleston, in regard to second in stance of a constable shooting at a horse on the streets of that city. In a dignified manner the mayor pro tested to the governor and touched upon incidental matters. The governor after reading the letter carefully wrote and forwarded the following letter: Columbia, March 6, 1908. Hon. J. Adger Smythe, Mayor, Charleston, S. C. Dear Sir: You communication of the 5th inst. to hand and had my careful attention. I have also had an interview with Cheif Howie in re gard to the condition of affairs in Charleston involving the administra tion of the duties of his office. We have given careful consideration to the varied demands of the situa tion in our discussion of this subject. I agree with you fully "that there ought to be some way to stop what appears to be a reckless or unneces sary tiring of pistols, on our [your] streets," and I also believe that there should be devised some way to pre vent the transportation of illicit liquors through your streets. I have instruoted Chief Howie to see that the firing of pistols on the str-eets of Charleston by constables be stop ped, and I feel sure that your. as., surances of assistance in enforcing the dispensary law which are confirmed by Chief Howie--will prompt you to give the neces. nary aid and protection to him and to his constables in the discharge of their lawful duties. While I am (ieterminedl that the constables shall ne't violate any of you city ordinances, I am equally dletermined that the dlispensary situ ation in Charleston shall be improv ed. I have instructed Chief Howie to mount somie of his men, and to follow wagons supposed to contain lignor, at wvhatever speed shall be niecessary to effect their capture. I appreciate the reiteration of your former offers of support and as sistanice, and will rely upon you to aidl me in the further prosecution of this work. Bolieve rme, with highest esteem and regard, YTours very truly, I D. C. Heyward, I (Governor. RACE ISSUE CONVENTION. Gov. Heyward Will Not Appoint Delegates and Gives His Reasons. The Wisconsin legislature recently passed a resolution calling upon the governors of various States to ap. point delegates to a convention to be held in Atlanta to consider the race issue. Governor Heyward has declined to appoint delegates from this State and for reasons that are strong and sound as are shown in a telegram to a Chicago paper asking for his views on the proposed movement. He says: Your telegram requesting brief summary of my views on the prop posed convention asked for by the Wisconsin legislature, to discuss the race question, has just been received. I think, from every standpoint, that this action of the Wisconsin legisla ture is worse than meaningless. Such a convention could not possibly bring any result, so far as the proper aspot of the subject is concerned. Of all available reasons for the con sideration of the race question I know of nothing more directly aimed in absolutely the wrong direction, so far as the proper solution of the problem is concerned, than would be such a convention. The personnel of such a convention would be a het erogeneous mixture entirely without the proper knowledge of the subject they were supposed to discuss. The interference and ignorance of long range would be-philanthropists has done more to create a race question where none exists, than all other combined agencies that have ever come within my observation. I have always been a friend of the negro and never spoke with more sincere friendly consideration for his inter ests than in what I am now saying. Right thinking white men and right thinking negroes have always with proper understanding gotten along well together. The other type of negro needs to be dealt with. This outside interference involves many conflicting dangers and dis plays absc'nte ignorance of the fun damental principles of the question. It is a charitable reflection, mildly expressed to remind these champions of such vapid nonsense how the streets of Jerusalem were kept clean. I shall take no official notice of the action of the Wisconsin legislature, and shall certainly not appoint dele gates unless urged to do so by my constituents. D. C. Heyward. WASTING THE PEOPLB'S MONEY. Bxtravagance of Republicans Shown by En ormous Appropriations or Congress Just Closed. Statements prepared by Repre mentative Cannon, chairman of the House committee on appropriations, and Representative Livingston, the ranking minority member of the committee, relative to the ap)propria. tions made by the 57th Congress, to. gether with comparative tables, were made public today. Mr. Cannon says: "The Repulli can admflinistration of our Giovernk ment in the domuinttion of Rtepubli. can policies in both branches of Con. gress since 1897 has given us a sys. tern of taxation that has produced national treasury richer than wai ever enjoyed by ainy nation of th< earth, and rendered poJssible thesi great expenditures for the pubilii welfare." Mr. Livingston comipares the ap propriations made by the 53d Con gres, both brauiches of which were cont rol led by the Democrats, amount ing to $989,239,205, with the appro priations of the 57th Congress, ag gregating $1,554, 108,514, and com ments on the difference as8 affecting some of the big itemis. In con clusion he says. "Nothing short o a revision of the tariff on a revenu basis and the administration of th Government, unde(r the wise an< prudent methods of the D)emocrati party can be looked to, to brin1 about a reduction in the national ex penditures exhibited by these ligure in such appalling proportions." Pope Leo has signified his inter tion of giving no more audiences an expresses thme hope that travelera wi not attempt to see him. ALL THE STARS ARE AGLOW. Scientists Declare that Like the Sun they are Masses of Burning Matter. During the last sixty years search ers of the heavens have made the discovery that the celestial bodies known to us as stars are similiar in many respects to the sun, some con siderably larger, others smaller, but on the average not much different in size and nature from the sun. They are-at least the visible stars are great glowing globes of gaseous mat ter. As a rule these vast furnaces burn steadily. Sometimes, however, the fires seem to die down and then blaze out again as of yore. Three hundred such stars are known to as tronomere, says Chambers' Journal; they are called variable stars because of the waxing and waning of their light. Now and again the seething fires prove too strong for the bonde of attractive force which hold the star together, and with one mighty upheaval the globe is shattered into fragments, blown into atoms. verita. bly "dissolved into thin air." Thnusands of years after this ex. plosion the record of the catastrophe reaches the earth, and a solitary watcher in the old barony of Bon. nington, in the year of grace 1901, sees a new star suddenly blaze out in the midnight sky, to fade away only as its predecessors had done, leaving, perchance, not a trace in tho the sky to tell the spot where once a world existed. Among the millions are to be found bodies in all stages of development. Some are glowing with intensity of heat and light far beyond our utmost conception; others are slowly cooling down--al ready they are dull red in color; some are cold and dark and dead. No telescope will over perceive these latter bodies and no camera will detect them. We only know that they are there by their influence over the light and motion of bright stars. One of the most interesting sections of the new astronomy deals with these these dead, (lark star' and, although no eye has seen them ever will see them, still we are able to ascertain their size, weight and position just as if they were in the zenith of their glory. GORMAN SUCCEEDS JONES As Chairman of the Senate Democratic Cv.ucus-Gorman's Enthusiastic Support. [Atlanta Journal.]1 Washington, D. 0., March (6.-Thie electioun today of Senator Arthur P Gorman as chairman of the Demo cratic caucus and therewith leader o the Senate DJemocrats to succeet Senator James K. Jones, of Ark ansas is regarded here as a long step to wards the reunion of the Democratii factions and a re-organmzation of th< party along the lines which carrie< Cleveland to the presidency witi Democratic victory. Gorinan, it will be rememiberedl has always beeni a Hound( moo Democrat, although lhe su pported the~ ticket when the free silverites were 01 top. Senator Jones has stood witi the free silver wing anid it is believe< here that his retirement carries witi it the last of that faction's leadrlr ship in the Democratic party. Gor man was chaiiman of the Nationa D)emocrat ic committee during th< campaign whicQh landed Oleveland ii the white house. With Gormian'i banner in the lead again, hope hai sprung anew in the rank and file o Democrats whose representatives ar< here. With i.he factional lines wiped ou there is every reason to believe D)em ocracy will triumph in I1904, for iti a settled conviction over the count~r that Democratic voters are in th majority throughout the nation. The enthusiastic support of th Weste -. and Southern senastorsi the ele.jtion of Gborman is a stroni Sevidence that the division is nio mor< I A signilicant action of the cancu Swas the election of Senator (Carmacl of Tennessee, as secretary of the cati ' cusa. Carmnack hias publicly pr< 'claimed his advocacy of Parker fc Fl the next party nominee for president and has stated that lie no lg< looks to the money question as a - issue on which the Democrats ca I place a plank in their platfort: I Carmack was formerly a free silvi Democrat. FAITHlFUL DAD. Here's to You; You've Got Your l-aults, out You're All Right. We hapened in a home the other night and over the parlor door saw the legend worked in letters of red, "What Is Home Without a Mother?" Across the room was another brief, "God Bless Our Home!" Now, what's the matter with "God Bless Our Dad ?" He gets up early, lights the fire, boils an egg, grabs his dinner pail and wipes off the dew of the dawn with his boots while many a mother is sleeping. He makes the weekly handout for the butcher, the grocer, the milkman and baker, and his little pile is badly worn be fore he has been home an hour. lie stands off the bailiff and keeps the rent paid up. If there is a noise during tbe night dad is kicked in the back and made to go dowastairs to find the aurglar and kill him. Mother darns the socks out dad bought the socks in the first place and the noodles and the yarn afterward. Mother does up the fruit well, dad bought it al!, and jars and sugar cost like the mischief. Dad buys chickens for the Sunday dinner, carves them him3elf and draws the neck from the ruins after every one else is served. "What is home without a mother?" Yes, that is all right, but what is home without a father? Ton chances to onle it is a boarding house, fat lier is under a slab and th landlay is a widow. Dad, here's to you! You've got your faults -you may have lots of them---but yov're all right, and we will miss you when you're gone.- --Stevens County Reveille. Ted Top. I P. Y. Sun.J The ichmond Tiues Dispatch turns away from politics a moment to look at metal more attractive, the girl with blushing tresses: "The red haired girl is all right. She reminds one of the sunshine. She may bei a little fiery, but she is generous. She stands up for her rights, but she respocts he rights of others." Undoubtedly the red lhaired, not to say red. headed, girl is, haos been, and ever will bo, all right.. Much more than the English girl sung by an Enghsh poet, "she brings the sun ner and the sun." Tochnically and as a matter of convention, to be sure, there are no red-hieadedi girls. T1hey have to be ''Titian haired,'' ''auburn haired,'' withI hair ''of the hue that poets love," andt so on with similar idiocy. So cowardly, so foolish and so much the dupe of superstition is the world. lt is because Judas Is cariot was popularly sup)posed tc have a red poll that red headedniess has to blush for its own color, so tc speak ? "Two left legs "would he blemish, b)ut "Judas colored haii "should be0 judged b)y its merits as piece of color and riot condemined or account of literary or legendary as sociationris A similar t.rick of association an< habit leads even our Old Dominior pyrro trichophilist to assume that r ed! headed girl is fiery."' It woult 1b0 as just to assume that a yellow haired girl is bilious. What is the origin of this lingering belief tha the redi headed are sudden and quiel in quarrel? A savage or barbarous at least a pagan, belief, we'll go bail 1 Hed signifies fire, lightning. Or such preposterous grounds is an ever tempo)r doniiedl to the red ber (d0( gin by the thoughtless; and( ev'en b)y th~ Htichniond phlilosopher. The red-.headed girl is spirited TChore is no (1111 albinisni about lie nature and1( temperamont. But ther, Sis iio better reason for calling he fiery than for holdimg that a blue Seyed girl must. be dIeep) in the bluer S It has boen dleveloped that a smlt 'white boy, of about eight. years c .age, named Bi rdlie Iyals, oponed0( th~ r switch at Evergreen, Fla., whic ,caused the disastrous wreck of ti r Seab)oard's Limited there fast wee T 1he child "wanted to see what woul happen." The act was seen by sov ~r ral negroes, who madle no attempt preent the diasuter GENERAL NEWS NOTES. Items of More or Less Interest Condensed. Outside of the State. Negroes, members of a gang of railroad hands on the Dallas Division of the Texas and New Orleans rail road, engaged in , i-ie fight last week, in which seven were idlled. The "Black Death" is rag!ng in Mexico, in and around Mazai;an. Mobs in several places have sought to kill the sanitary inspectors. It has been announced on good authority that the St. Louis and San Francisco railroad has been acquired by the Rock Island and Southern railways. A joint resolution has been intro. duced in the Wisconsin legislature requesting the Governor to call upon Governors of other States to appoint ten delegates to a convention, to he held in Atlanta, commencing J tly 4, to consider the race question. Mrs. Ellen Vail, a widow of 55 and her daughter 22, were killed in fire in a five story apartment house in New York on Thursday. The mother was burned to a crisp, the daughter met death by jumping. THE CURTAIN FALLS en The Public Career Of Two Prominent Statesmen. Senator Jones and Galusha a Grow. With the expiration of the fifty seventh congress the curtain is rung down on the public career of one of the most popular and promin ent statesmen that ever made their influence felt in the national legisla tive assembly-Senator John P. Jones, of Nevada, who relinquishes his seat to Francis 0. Newlands, chosen to succeed him at the last election. Sein ator Jones has been called the father of the senate, having served in that body continuously since 1873, and completed his fifth term, a record that has been surpassed only by Son a'.ors Sherman, of Ohio, and Mor rill, of Vermont. The retirement of Sen. Jones leaves Senator Allison, of Iowa, the oldest senator in continuous service, Jones and Allison having entered the sen ate at the same time. Senator Stew art, of Nevada, is the only man now in the senate who was a member of that body when Jones and Allison enteredl. Senator Stewart's service has not been continuous, however, having been interrupted by a pecriodI of twelve years' retirement from pub lie life. Senator .Jones declares that he is tired of public life and will hereafter 'devote himself to business pursuits. lie has large and important mining interests in Alaska and Mexico, to which part of his time has b)een de-. voted. W Nithi the close of conhgres.s a vener'i able and st rikiing figure passes frotu the halls of congress in thle personi of (ialusha A. Grow, of P~ennsylvaninia, who first b)ecamie a miembter of the house of representatives fifty one years ago. He entered conigress be fore he was 30 years of age and quiick ly became a leadIer. During the stir rnn time. from 18(11 to 1863 lhe pre. sided over the house as speaker. lie entered1 congress as a D)emocrat, b)ut when the Missouri compromise was repealed he permanently b)roke withI his 01(1 party associates andl became the congressional leader of the niewly formed R~epublicarri party. During his single term ac speaker Mr. Grow r presided over three sessions of the heose. It is not, however, upon his rcrasspeaker that Mr. Grow looks back as the most important chapter 1 in his public career, for he has a f right to be considered as the anthlor e of the homestead act, which went in h to operation January 1, 1803. *e From 1871 to 187(6 Mr. Grow was k. president of the International amnd *d Groat Northern Railroad company, a of Texas. President. Hayes offeredf to him the mission to Russia in 1879i, which he declined.