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'1thnItm)wrnal adb t-s ESTABLISHED 1M5. .'~ NEWBERRY, S. C., PRIDAY, APR , $1.50 A YEAR THE PBERLESS CALHOUN Tribute to Carolina's Philosopher and Statesman on the 121st Anniversary of His Birth by Col. Thomas. Florence Times. The following is a si LJpsis of Col. J. F. Thoma' eloquent and impres sive-address delivered on the occasion of the celebration of Calhoun's birth day by the Calhoun Light infantr) of this city, and read by him at the educational meeting in Darlington. Col. Thomas said that in view of the lateness of the hour, be would be brief and go immediately to the point. The occasion was a high one to commemorate the birthday of South Carolina's grand statesman. "Dear son of memory, great heir of fame," Calhoun stands today the strongest character, the most imposing figure in the brilliant history of our State. The speakers preceding me have ac ourately and forcibly sketched Cal houn's life and character and public services. I shall restrict myself to his works and his intense personality, his striking individuality. The works of Calhoun are embodied in six vol umes. Five give a full record of his speeches, his reports and his public papers. One, the most important of all, contains his disquisition on gov ernment and his discourse on the gov ernment and constitution of the United States. By these posterity will judge him. They compose a mon. ument to his memory. They reveal a wealth of deep thought, a force of logic, a mastery of govornnental principles, and i sagacity of prophecy that make Calhoun in statesmuanship the foremost thinker of his age, rising far above his compeers, the massive Webster and the persuasive Clay. I do not say that Calhoun's scheme of government, involving the concurrent principle, was practicable, for I believe it was not. Based as it was upon an intelligence and virtue wan ting as yet in our people-it was fitted only for a community of Cal houns. Nevertheless, Calhoun's plan of government, presenting to the gen eration a grand ideal, is full of ger minal truths in the science of politics that will live forever for the instruc tion and guidance of the nation and the constitution makers of the cen tury. Calhoun was America's Aristo tIe. Above all, Calhoun was the groat champion of State rights, the master ful advocacy of which makes his coro nal of glory, and the principle of which was the thing for which Lee fought, Jackson died an--d our con fed erate soldiery nobly dared and grani (dly endured or died --a principle by no means dead today but which lives in the frequont decisions of our su premeo United States court and is a living factor in an indestructible union of indest r-uetihin St at es. True, Calhoun is misunderstood todlay and1 grievously wou nde~d in t ho house eveni of his political friends. In the north, he is even called a Cataline, bit, the truth is that South Carolina's p)eerless son wvas a grander hero t han any of Plut arch's men--- Ii rmer t han Cato, higher thani Cicero, as just as Aria tides, anid as hard to turn fromt the path of honor and duty as was the honest Tlabrici us. T'o compaire Cal houn to modernu ment, who acquainted with the life of the muan of iron miouldls does not know that he rea sonied like Burke and, to crown it. all , died like Chatham ? He was no traitor but a patriot to the core, loyal to the union of States, hbut holding a para mount allegiance to the sovereignty of the States that created the union. Consider now, 11he personality of Calhoun. It. was a happy inspiration that bade you, young muent of the Cal - honn Light infant ry, thus to name your corps. Behind the soldier in all history stands the staitesmtan, aund what bej ter hacking could you have of mian of character? It wvas Calhboun's prIivi e life, it was his gravily of demeanor, his wisdom of talk to t he . oung that lent such a charmi to his blameless career. TFhe splhendlor of Cal houn's public life was in beautiful accord with the purity of htis domsttic life. As stainless as King Arthur or any Knight of the Round Tlable in Ton. ntfyson's legends, well miay young men nceat him as a mod e of .a e,.11( lofty wan devoted to duty-deemed by him and Lee "the sublimest word in the English language." I remember, as if it occurred yester day, Calhoun's last appearance in Charleston, and I believe in South Carolina. It was about a year before his death in Washington. The old Charleston theatre on Meeting street was crowded by an audience of ladies and-gentlemen, representing the city's beauty and chivalry, and her -reotion to Calhoun and the principles for which he stood. The sp9akers on the occasion were Armistead Burt, repre sentative in congress, and Senator Butler and Calhoun. First, Bust, a strikingly handsome man, came forward and made a fiery speech, closing by saying, "Your only resource now, fellow citizens, is in your gleaming swords and bright bayonets." Judge Butler came next, and while shaking his ample looks like an angry buffalo, delivered a forcible argument in impressive tones. Finally Calhoun arose and forth with there ensued a deafening noise in the theatre. Every one rose. Ladies waved their handkerchiefs and smiled their smiles while the men applauded to the echo. This lasted for some time. Then all resumed seats and absolute silence followed. In the meantime Calhoun had stood erect and met the Aeuonstration with a smile illumining his rugged face. He then began one of his forcible, logi. cal, able speeches, using the gesture peculiar to his oratory, a kind of cleaving the air, as if he were en gaged in waking that analysis of his subject peculiar to his genius. Fi nally after commanding the undivi ded, earnest attention of the entire meeting, Calhoun closed in these words, "Fellow citizens, I see a great struggle before me in the halls of congress between the contending parties to the issue pending, but old as I am I intend to bear my part in the coming battle." You know how the next year he fought the good fight of his political faith in the spirit of Saul of Tarsus, and how he continued the conflict until death paralyzed his brain, and his strong, heroic soul passed away. Young men of the Calhoun Light Infantry, Florence in honoring Cal. houn honors herself. I congratu late you most cordially. Study Calhoun, especially in his disquIsii.ion on government. Notice his personal purity, his incorruptibil. ity in puiblic life, his sublime devo t.ion to duty which to him was the voice of God, and imitate his crown ing excellence of high and noble character. In the political his'ory of our country, he was among the greatest of our puIblic men. Grecian in his cast of mind, Roman in his patriotism, but American after the southern type. Rtoadl the tributes to his memory of wvhiich Hammond's, Rthett's, La mar's and Curry 's are the best, and catch inspiration from his great record1. As for me, Calhonu was miy ideal statesman when I was a young mcan. He influencedl my dreams of young ambition, and here on the 1 21st. an niversary of his birih, it is to ime a source of supremest gratification to honor his memory and to reatlirmi my faith in the man. To the question, "What was it thus their faith could b)ind ?"' the answer comes, sounding dIown the corridors of time, "The power of thought, the magic of the mind" One-Way Settlers' Rates. The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company will participate in one-way settler's rates from Ohio and Mississip pi river gatewvays-Cincinnati, Ohio, Louisville, Ky., E'vansville, Ind., Padu cah, Ky., Cairo, Ill., St. Louis, Mo., and points beyond, also in basing rates from Memphis, Tenn., (tickets not to be sold from Memphis p)roper), for points on andl North of the line of the Frisco System (Memphis to K(ansas City), to the destinations located on t.his system or to which this company forms part of an authorized ticketing route, at rate of one-half of the standard one way fare plus1 $2.00. Dates of sale include fr-om andl be tween March 3 andl November 17, 1903. For further information see ticket COMMENTS ON LOVELY WOMAN. Mr. Nathan Beeswax Grows Sarcastic at their Expense-Men, He Says, Must Always Be First. News and Courier. "Never passed such a night in my life," said Mr Nathan Beeswax yes terday as he slipped a cigar into his face and sank wearily into a chair. "Fought mosquitoes from the time I retieed until the hucksters, with their 'r--a-a-bs, cr-a-a-bs, cr-a-a-bs,' appeared under my window and wrenched great hunks of profanity out of me. To day I am boiling over with sarcasm. My tongue is tipped with vitriol. I yearn to sting some thing with my vocabulary. My mind is spongy with atrobilious reflections. [ sneer at the popilionaceous parade f the smart set. Having nothing alse to do I'll just roast woman over the white flame of incinerating jest. Woman is one of the mistakes of 3reation. Before she appeared man lived in the Garden of Eden. Life was a lilt. Nothing to do but loll. Everything was free. Oh b, the Eiraft that Adam had! Then woman sppeared. The scene changes. And mankind has been up against it ever 3ince. Think of it, you lobsterinas in pantaloons, if Eve had been train ing little Cain in the way he should go instead of tempting Adam, Abel might never have been murdered, t b" forbidden fruit would not have been tampered with, and you and I would to-day be hanging our hats in the Garden of Eden. Yes, sir, woman has destroyed man's graft. And she'll do it every time, too, if-you --don't-watch-out. "And yet," continued Mr Bees wax, bitterly, "a Woman's Suffrage Convention is held in New Orleans and the presiding officer is Mrs Cath erine Chapman Catt. What fur? the illiterate man would ask. I might reply cat fur if I were given to ai y persiflage. But this is supposed to be a serious question, although very few rational men take it seriously. Woman wants to vote. Perish the idea. Suppose man should sidestep and allow woman to run the affairs of government. Imagine the United States populated by women ! Fancy, if you will, the Senatress from North Carolina asking the Senatress from South Carolina if her hat was on straight! See the Senatress from Ala. bama as she requests the Senatress from Texas to loan her a hair pin, while the Senatress from Virginia introduces a bill to regulate the style in shirt waists. The Senatress from Kansas discusses at considerable length the decline and fall of the bustle, after which the Senate goes into executive session to consider the influence of Lydia Pinkham on the oomplexion. Doesn't it make your sars turn pale to contemplate the possibility of such a contingency ? "And suppose they were merely sonceded the right to vote," wvent on Mr Beeswv'x. "And suppose I were a canididate for office, with a gay Lothario with brown wavy hair as my opponent. WVhat chance wvould I have, so far as the female vote was concerned? I may be incorruptible, impeccable, with a head packed with brains But I would n't have as much show assa zephyr in acyclone if some sport with turned-up trousereens and winnmng ways should enter the lists against me. Women wouldn't care whether a candlidate was a Republi can, a Democrat or a lobster, if lie was only eute. You knowv that. I miight argne the folly of free silver and the fallacy of bigh tariff for three h. urs am<,d there would be nothing doing. IN4. when my opponent, Mr Attar of Itoses, came mincing to the front to tell what he didn't know about pending probl ems t hey would remark: 'Hasn't he got the loveli est long eyelashes for a man.' Anid heu'd beat me at, the polls b~y seven teen blocks just beenuse he lhau long eyelauhies. lBnt, come wh at may, man was created first and he explects to retaiin that rank. And that's nec spori.ive sally !" So saiying Mr Beeswax dislodg the cigar from his face antt ordered something to irrigate the airid :'potu in his anatomy. GREAT STRIKE IN HOLLAND. All the Ratlroads and Seaports Involved. Express Trains to Have Military Pro tection. Amsterdam, April 6.-At a mid night meeting of the workmen the committee )proclaimed a general strike throughout Holland of all labor engaged in transporting both by land and water. All the railroad lines stations and wharves are guarded by troops. The administration of railroads has taken steps to secure the running of the foreign expresses under military protection. The president of the workmen's committee of defence, in an inter view, said the at rike proclamat.ion in vo,ved the en'ire railroad systemu and other land transport of 11olland and the water tiansport of the iportant ports, Amsterdaw, hottordan:, Dord reedt and Zaandam. The strike, he added, was intended as a protest against the anti-strike laws, as well as to support the deuand of the railroad men for an increase of wages, before the passage of the laws made improvement in their position im. possible. The president also said the strike would spread to other branches of labor. The staffs of the shipping com panies trading with London and 11nll have stopped work in sympathy with the st.rikers. Nine hundred out, of 1,400 em ployees in the work shop)s of t ho railroad here have struck work. Ar rangemnents are being made to trans port the mails by motor cars. The diamond-cutters have decided to strike in sympathy with the rail road men. The Netherlands Railroad during the day posted a notice urging its employees to resnme work, and add ing that if they did not resume their occupations wit hin twent y-four hours all the workmen would h) dis charged. The rail road company was suc cessful in getting off a few day trains but has decided not to attempt to run after nightfall. A BLIND TIGER KILLED. Mysterious Shooting of a Notorious Negr in Greenwood. Greenwood, April~i.-Ed Norris, a notorious negro blind tiger of thiF city, was found dead ini a vaucant field, back of his house,this tuorning. Two jugs, containing two gallo is of whis. kcy each, wvere found not far away A WVinchester riule was lying by his side. There were no witneIsHs to t he shooting as far as known, and thc whole affair is one of mystery. mI' Norris was best known as thle worst blind tiger in Greenw~ood. Hoe at one time wvorkea as train hand on tIn Charleston arnd Western Carolinm Railroad, and could join almost an' crewv at any time as extra help. He would make almost woekly tri ps te Augusta in this way, always bringingr back two or three gallons of whiskey It is suppos3d that he had just re turned from Augusta last night. wit I the jugs found near him, anid that hi. had gone to get his rifle suspect ing trouble. His wife testified to th< fact that he had been ini thle house t< get thbe riflec, arid soon after lie wen out she hearrd soineone call out ' lalt! andl tbhen the shoot inrg 1began. Th' inquest, held1 thIis miiornrinrg, Simpl1,1 found1( t hamt thIie (1ec-a'sed enm toi hri i (deathI fromn a gun'hot woundio at thIi harnds of unknown pe-rsonor, Ini thle elect ions at St.- j,(iO fo mix councri men on Tluesd Ias, t ih,n o ocrats won b,y iia;sjrity of abhou P re'sidoenti Roosesve'l w as seen h, twentny dli stinrgnisheeI cli efs of tIil Sioux Indoiarns wtilie in Noirthi Daikotf a 'd( receive Vihe ir i pldgis o)f fri end ship. It is said thait a debaimte on Alondwr ini the chiambe.r of depumies rmay l'a< to a rei perninrg of thle D)roy feeotes andl peorhiaps to thle rehambilIitaitionri lie former prisoner of D)evil's slam NOT A MAN OF BLOOD. Preston S. Brooks Defended by His Brother. -Writes at Length Regarding the Burlingame Affair. J. H. Brooks, a member of the South Carolina legislature, has writ ten for The Star a letter regarding an interview appearing in The Star a day or two ago with "an old rae contour" as to the Preston S. Brooks Burlingame incident. Mr. Brooks, whose home is at Cambridge, S. C., writes: "It is quite true that Brooks 'was not at Niagara Falls, chosen as the meeting place,' and it is equally true that Burlingame was not fool enough to expect to meet him there. It is also true that my brother did think the 'distance too far,' and that he proposed to settle the matter at Bladensburg or some other point near the city (Washington), which proposition was declined. With party feeling so high and bitter everybody knew that it would be folly and madness for my brother to venture through the northern states upon such a mission. Assassination was probable in any event, but cer tain should Burlingame be killed. "I can't say how true it may have been; but our southern friends very generally believed that it was purely bluff on Burlingame's part, and that, knowing its safety, ho proposed an im possible place for the sake of home ct'pital. Be this as it may, my broth(,r's friends and advisers were Jefermon Davis, (ton. Joln Quitman Gen. Robert Toombs and other such southern men then in Washington. Could any man's reputation he in saf:ar hands? "Burlingame may have beon 'a splendid follow,' but wi at the sout I did not think him a fighting fellow, for he wanted to go too far to do it. "Now, what is the use, sense or good of anybody in this land, north or south, trying by open charge or insinuation to reflect on the courage of Preston S. Brooks-courage tried and proved on both field of honor and field of battle in Mexico ? Why, when a boy of twenty-one ho fought aind wounded Col. L. T. Wigfall, and was desperately wounded him. self. Col. Viglall was United States senator, Confoderate States senator and brigadier general, confederate arimy, as good a man, a better shot rand much more dangerous aintago nist than Mr. Burlingame. "W hy do not these 'renimiiscon t gen. tlenmen recall and recit.e the facet that Preston S. Brooks was chiefly inastru mental in the aimicab)le adjnstment of a~ serious) difficulty betwvoon M~essrs. P'ryor and Ridgely in Washington, and that his caning Mr. Sumunoir wae onr account of insu lts to his aged relative and in defense of the good namie of his starteY '1 t hinuk my brothmer wvas as inii ch mIIisundierstood by the wvorb i at large as any nmn that ever lived, lie was high.-st 1nig, spirited ld 111(ajissiouiat e, but never a ianl of blootd, aind his tl vice was always for peace, wit h - honor. " 'This only dueil waus on i his fat he r's a aiccount, and( I never kcnew o f is l avillg a dliflicuIlty ohl his oWn. ( i en 3 crous, loyal aind forgiving, he fought ) for others rather thian f(or hiim,self."' MetL.ological Reccord for March 190.3. Mean :naximum temperature, 68.0. Mean minimum temperature, 51.0. Mean temperature, 59.5. Maximum templerature., 80.0; date 20th. Miinimnum temperature, 33.0; date 2nd. Greatest (laily range. 34. r. Total Precip)itartion, 8,03 inches. -Greatest Pre'cipitation in 24 hours, t 2.58 inches; (late 29th. Number dlays with .01 inches or more p)recipitation, 13; clear, 5; fair, 5; cloud(y, 21. l)ates of killing frost, enough on 27 to nip Irish pIotato 5. Tlhunder storms, 5, 20, 21, 22. 8th, plum blooms; 9th, pe(ach bloonm; 30th, ehierry andl( aple)I loomsfl. Very wet mronth. Very little farum w.ork done. IRainfall for three months, 1903, 22.01 y inches. I Rainfall for three months, 1902, 14.49 inches. 10xcess for 1903, 7.52 inches. W. G. Pecterson, I. Volntary bru . SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. Items of More or Less Interest Condensed In the State. Brown Rodgors, the negro who shot and killed lodger Fant at San. tue this week, has delivered himself to the sheriff of Union. He claims he shot in self (efenise. In i splendid game of ball at Spar. tanburg on Monday Davidson do feated Wofford by a score of 3 to 2. The body of Charlie Hatcher, who disappeared from ( ramlteville some time ago, was found floating in a pond near the town on Monday morning. H1e was a single man, about 25 years old. No marks of violence wore found. In the city court of Charleston on Monday there woro ton convictions for violation of the disp(+nsary law, one acquittal and one mistrial. A sewing machine agent by the name of hiattloy was severely beaten at Bishopville by two citizens of that place, who have been placed under arrest. U. C. Patterson. a well-known railroad man, formerly of Darlington, was killed at Wilinington, N. '., on Monday while trying to board a mov ing train. W. J. Elilis, at white farmlor, was probtbly fatally cut by a negro while on his way to his home ton miles sont h of G reenville Monday. llis had asked (he negro to ride and as soon as the negro got in Ihe buggy he be. gan his iurdere us wirk. Jon. Ilaint,lli's old 101ome jlace, near the eastern I inits of Columbia, was advertised for sale by admuinis trators of (he estate at publim auction, but for satisfactory reasons to them the sale was withdrawn. A raid upon four gamibling places was made in (1roenille Tuesday. Fixtures were seized and a noted gambler and four young nI ar rested. A negro linenan for the (ireen wood electric light pltnt f''Il from a polo ''uesiday mnorling, Ibroaking both arms. Ella Bradon, a woman of ill-repute, was brutt,lly killed by F. E. Ilaber son, at Hlolly 11ill, on last, Saturday night. I11aborson claitns that both worn drunnl. A negro gamtiibler arreotod at An derson Saturday night died in the gaurd house. Tli oo ch liquor was the cause of hiis dlont hi. J. Q. Wilkes prosecuteid his broth er for arsoni in the Chest or court last week. Theii p)ro)secutioni was the result of an ohil famiily fund. The defe1ndanilt wasM found not gu ilty'. lHe is an old man11 man11 of famiily. A negro wvas conivicted in the mag istrato's coulrt ini Chiarlest on of hiaul inig cout rab)andc linor tad was 11ined $100. AX negro who was withI the lanigi show'ts ar1n1 will)I tIern. ~himrglar in Saluida malcl was placed iln jail made hiis escapeo by pr*essinrg a brick be twooni I le wall iand the iron door oni Mlday nlighit. Tllihma l"itzgiraild, an employee of the I .aniie oyimd!, had his hiand sio badly lascierated biy a planing n iach inu1 las-t weekL that it. was nec o.-sary to aii lu itle lI. The0 stabile of a Airn. I jissiterI, at Beaufmiit , w:mN out ered Slatuirday nlight anid a v'anable h.ios ki lled, atll four h-igs Ibeinig brokern withI a.n axe. Re-it .Ollge n the o i'(wi.r is Miupposed to be the cause for (lie iiih nhmn dleed. (C'det L oi, A. liloberIs, of Ninobty six, dlied sud deny of heairt dhi ense at ihe Cit adel on Tu'nosday. J.I3. Bishop, of (iard, (Oni , at. tl jmpt ing to inlteorferre to keepj llmsey Webii,tr,r fromi heat ing his wife to d. aI hi, wais stitt abbl (b re t imes10. Bsh op~ drewit his upist ol malii killed Web st or. Catrter I.I itllrrimm, D)emocorat, was eilectedl miayor of Chicago for the fourth ti me oIl Tuesday, hiis mnajority by nnlliciatl count over (Graomi Stew art,l R doubtni o hei ig ual 2 7,0(m GENBRAL NEWS NOTES. Items of More or Less Interest Condensed Outside the State. President Roosevelt began the second week of his trip at Sioux Falls on Monday with an address delivered before 4,000 children and another before 0,000 people. President Roosevelt on the same day ho made two speeches at Sioux Falls made ton ..ther speeches in South Dakota, ending his twelfth speech at Aberdoen the same night. Wireless telegraphy tests between Washington and Anapolis have re. sulted very satisfactorily. Mrs. Horace Porter, wife of the American atuhmissador in Paris, died in that city of congestion of the lungs on Monday. The work of loading cotton on sea going vessels ceased at New Orleans on Monday as the result of a strike by scrowmen. May cotton was the feature of a very sensational market on Monday, and the price on 'change in New York jumped to 10:38. July went to 9:85 and August to 9:44. 'lle newest sensation in connection with the Buffalo Burdick murder is the allegation that the dead lawyer, l'ennell, defrauded his friends and those of his wife out of large sums of muoney. Win. J. Hryan says that he will be iii the east in May, and proposes to speak in New York, Uonnecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Maryland. Mrs. Susie McMilland, wife of a Birmingham policeman, gave her eight months old baby a dose of car bolic acid and then suicided by shoot. ing herself. Tom Johnson was elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, his plurality over the Republican candidate running nearly to 6,000. Some Budhlist Laws. Philadelphia Itecord. Prof. Mlaxwell Sonmmerville was discussing"the other day the Budhist faith, for which ho has a profound respect. Aonc of the striking tenets of Badhism that he <lhotet were: Use nut perfulno about thy person. To cough or sneezo in order to win the notice of a group of girls is a sin). ID)stroy no hree. D)rinik no intoxicating beverage. Care for t he aged and1( infirm. It is sinful to think one wauy and to speak aniother. It is a sini to Pass j udgmuieit on the acts of other men. Givye no flowers to woumen arid sinig no0 gaiy so)ngs. Keep nteither silver ntor gold. \Vhen yoo ont miake naot a noise like ai dog. It is a sin to eat of the flesh of cat, tiger 01r serp)ent. A priest may not wash h imself it the twilIight. or dark, uniless he should un kniowl ingly kill some inusect or other living thing. L eund nothiung on interest. Advertised Letters itemnining(II inpstolice for' wee'k endt ing A pri'l I th, 1903: A Willie Anson. H -M P rs. Charlotte Brooks,, J1. I.: hirenan, H aty Hosey, Mr s. Naiei Brown. C Cyrus C'amplield' Willie C avry, A. W. (lark, Willie Cleland, (col., 2,) 1I. P. C ook , Zachrye. (Crumpil t. D)orr'oh, D). TI. D ominick, Mr is. LulaI D)ural. G. Mrs. .Josie Grayd, Miss Carra Glin. Il-R. L. Hartley. J1 - Herie Jones. K-Hen King. Long. Mc 11. P. Mece. P'- U. L. Pogne. t -J. C. Reeder, Jimo lihoden. S -.1. K. Sanders, .Jake Sander~s, Miss MartLha Shelton, J . S. Smith. TI -lRev. 10. A. Trapp, Geo. Tlillery Thorn Togins. V--Mrs..Pink Vaughn. W --Mrs. Mattia Wade, J. Tr. Wilson, Mrs. Mary Wright. Persons calling for these letters will p)lease say the were adlvertised. C. .J. Purcell,. R M