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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, April 21, 1903, Image 1

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Ex President Cleveland Says th Southern
Whites are Best Friends of
At a ieetirg held at Madison
Square Garden, New York, in the
interest of the Tuskegce Industrial
Intitute, the principal speaker was
- Grover Cleveland, who was greeted
with prolonged applan-i when intro
duced, and said:
I have come here to-ni ht as a sin
cere friend of the negro, &ud I should
be very sorry to suppose that my
good and regular standing in such
compapy;reeded support at this late
day, -either from certificate or confes.
sion of faith. Inasmuch, however,
as there may be differences of thought
and sentiment among those who pro
fess to be frieuds of the negro, I de
sire to declare-myself as belonging
to the Booker Washington Tuskegee
section of the organization. 1 be
lieve that the days of Uncle Tom's
Cabin are past. I believe that
neither the decree that made the
slaves free, nor the enactment that
suddenly invested them of their racial
and slavery-bred imperfections and
deficiences than it changed the color
of their skin. I believe that among
the nearly nine millions of negroes
who have been intermixed with our
citizenship there is still a grevious
amo.nt of ignorance, a sad amount.
of viciousness and a tremendous
amount of laziness and thriftlessness
I believe that these conditions inex
orably present to the white people
of the United States, to each in his
environment and under the mandate
of good citizenship, a problem, which
neither enlightened self-interest nor
the higher motive of human sympa
thy will permit them to put aside.
I believe our fellow countrymen in
the Southern and late slavoholding
States, surrounded by about nine
tenths, or nearly eight millions, of
is entire negro population, and who
egard their material prosperity, their
peace and even the safety of their
civilization, interwoven with the ne
gro problem, are entitled to our ut
most consideration and sympathy and
fellowship. I am thoroughly con
vinced that the efforts of Booker
Washington and the methods of
Tuskegee Institute point the way (to
a safe and beneficent solution of the
vexatious negro problem at the South,
and I know that the good people at
the North, who have aided these
efforts and methods, have illustrated
the highest and best citizenship and
moat Christian and -enlightened
I cannot, however, keep out of my
mind to-night the thought that all we
of the North may (do, the realization
of our hopes for the negro must, af
Lter all, mainly depend, except so far
~as it rests with the negroes themselves
d pon the sentiment and conduct of
-the leading and responsible white
men of the Sonth, and upon the main
..tenance of a kindly and helpful feel
ing on their par-t towardls those in
Stheir midst, who so much need their
aid and encouragenmin.
I need wvastfe no time in detailing
the evidence that this aid and encour
agement has thius far been generously
forthcoming. Schools for the educa
tion of negro childreni ad inistit.utions
for their industrial t raining are scat
teetPaall'over the South anid ar-a lib
e~rally assisted b)y the Sont bormn punblic
and private funds. So far as I am
informed the sentimeint in favor of
the largest extensioni and nroadest
influence of TIuskegee Int it uto and
kindred agencies is universal, and I
believe that without exception the
negroes who lit themiselves for mieful
occupations and service linid willing
and cheerful patrionaige and employ
mer'i amnong their w~hi te neighbors.
1 do not know how it may be with
other Northern friends of t he negro,
but j have faith .in the honor and
sincerity of .the respect.ahle white
people of- the South in their relation's
with the negro and his improvenmnt
and well being. They do iiot believe
in the social equality of the race,
and they make no0 false pretenice in
regard to it. That this dloes not
grow out of hantried of t he negro is
very plain. It seemis to me that
thee s abundant sentiment anid
abundant behavior among the South
ern whites towards the negro, to
make us doubt the justice of charg
ing this denial of social equality to
prejudice, as we usually underwtand
the word. Perhaps it is born out of
something so much deeper and more
imperious than prejudice as to
amount to a racial instinct. What.
ever it is, let us remember that it has
condoned the negroes' share in the
humiliation and spoliation of the
white men of the South during the
saturnalia of reconstruction days,
and has allowed a kindly 'feeling for
the negro to survive the time when
the South was deluged by a perilous
flood of indiscriminate, unintelligent
and blighting negro suffrage. What
ever it is, let us try to be tolerant
and considerate of the feelings and
even prejudiced racial instinct of our
white fellow countrymen of the South,
who, in the solution of the negro
problem, must amid their own sur
rou~ndings, bear the heat of the day
and stagger under the weight of the
white man's burden.
There are, however, other conbid
orations relating to this feature of
the negro question, which may be re
garded as more in keeping with the
objects and purposes of this occasion.
As friends of the negro, fully believ
ing in the possibility of his improve
ment and advancement, and sincere.
ly and confidently laboring to that
end, it is folly for us to ignore the
importance of the ungrudging co
operation on the part of the white
people of the South in this work.
Labor as we will, those who do the
lifting of the weight must be those
who stand next to it. This co oper
ation cannot be forced; nor can it be
gained by gratuitously running
counter to firmly fixed and full en
joynent of civic advantages, or even
prejudices. We are not brought to
the point of doing or overlooking
evil that good may come, when we
proceed upon the theory that before
reaching the stage where we may be
directly and practically confronted
with the question of the negro's full
enjoyment of civic advantages or
even of all his political privileges,
there are immediately before us and
around us questions demanding our
immediate care, and that, in dealing
effectively with these, we can con
fidently rely upon the encourage.
ment and assistance of every thought
ful and patriotic citizen of the land,
wherever he may live and whatever
may be his ideas or predilections con
cerning the more remote phases of
the negro problem. These questions
that are so immediately pressing
have to do with the practical educa
tion of the negro, and especially with
fitting him to compete with his white
neighbors in gaining a decent, re
spectable and remunerative liveli
hood. Booker Washington, in
speakmng on the conditions and needs
of his race, he risely said: "It is at
the bottom of life we must begin,
and not at the top; nor should we
permit our grievances to overshadow
our opportunities."
In summing up the whole matter,
there is one thing of which we can be
absolutely certain. When we aid Tus
kegee Institute and agencies like it,
striving for the mental and manual
education of the negro at the South,
we are in every point of view render
ing him the beat possible service.
Whatever may be his ultimate des
tiny, we are thus helping to fit him
for filling his place and bearing its
responsibilities. We are sowing well
in the soil at "the bottom of life" the
seeds~ of the blackman's development
and usefulnesse. These seed will not
dio, bot will spront and grow, and if
it be within the wise purpose of God
the hardened surface of no untoward
sentiment of prejudice can prevent
the bursting forth of the blade.and
plant of the negro's appointed op
portunity into the bright sunlight of
a cloudless (lay.
lteginaldl (., son of Cornelius
V*iderbilt, and Miss Cathleen .
Neilson, both of New York, were
married at Newport, 11. I , on Tues
day. It was a whlite wedding, arnd
one of the most beautiful ever solemt
nizend in this country.
The Inventor a Sumter Architect, Mr.
D. G. Zeigler-Generates Power
for Effective Work.
The State.
Sumter, April 19.-Mr.D. G. Zeig
ler, an architect of this city, has in
vented a machine for perpetual mo
tion which he thinks has solved the
problem which has puzzled the world
up to this time. It is the first per.
petual motion invention that, the
United States government has allowed
a patent for in 40 years. It has also
been patented in every foreign coun
try. Mr. Zeigler would not make
his invention public until he had it
covered by patents in every country.
In the near future Mr. Zeigler will
use this machine for practical work.
Tho United States patent office has
the following to say about the ma
chine: "This invention utilizes the
gravitative force of a traveling weight
arranged to move in a circle and dur
ing each revolution to pass towards
and from the centre of rotetion in a
path, to bring the preponderance oi
weight on the descending side of the
rotative support, carrying the same
weight, whereby powers generated
to perform effective work.
"The invention will be nore fully
understood by the following descrip
tion: Looking at the machine from
the side you see a side elevation of a
wheel or rotary support provided with
traveling weight and guides therefor
extended outward from the axis or
centre of rotation of said wheel or
support. In the preferable construc
tion the rotary support assumes the
form of a* wheel and composes an
outer rim No. 1, inner rim No. 2, hub
No. 3, spokes No. 4, connecting hub
No. 3 with rim No. 2, and spokes No.
5 connecting rim No. 2 with rim No.
1. To minimize the friction, the
wheel or rotary support is mounted
upon ball bearings. The spokes or
guides No. 6 have approximately tan
gential arrangements with reference
to rim No. 2 and their end portions
curve in the same direction, the outer
curves being more gradual and of
greater length than the inner curves.
In order to more accurately define
the relation of the guides with refer.
ence to radii of the support of wheel,
the term oblique will be employed to
designate the relation of said guides
or spokes since in effect they incline
to radii of the support, as a result of
the obliquity of the spokes or guides.
Those upon the descending side of
the wheel incline outward and up
ward with the result that the weights
upon the outor side are at the outer
ends of the guides and those upon
the ascending aide at the ends of the
guides. This construction results in
a preponderance of weight upon the
descending side, hence the wheel or
support rotates continuously in one
direction, namely toward the weighted
side. The disposition of the spokes
or guides and the curvature of their
end portions play an important part
in the successful operation of the
"Within the scope of the invention
it is not essential that the guides, No.
5, he hollow or that the weights, No.
(1, be ball, since the guides may be
of any construction and the weights
have any .formn. The arrangement
above given is preferred since it
minimizes the friction and generates
a maximum per cent. of available
energy. The parts being set in mo
ion the weights, No. 0, after passing
the perpendicular at the uipper side
of the wheel, begin to travel outward,
wvhereas the weights at the lower side
as they recede from the perpendicu.
lar and approach the horizontal be
gin to move inward or towards the
centre of rotation. The weights
near the rim Nc,. 1 and outer ends of
the guides No. 5 exert a greater
leverage upon the support than the
weights near rim No. 2 and the inner
ends of the guides, hence the wheel
rotates in the direction of superior
leverage. As the wheel rotates and
makes a complete revolution, the
weights travel outward and in
ward an]d the difference of leverage
between the extreme positions is
utilized as p)ropellinig means for the
w heel, thereby generating power,
which may be uised in any determi
This endorsoment by the patent
bureau shows that. Mr. Zeigler has
hit upon a practical machine. About.
40 years ago congress prohibited the
patenting of perpetual motion ma
o:'ines unless they could be put. to
practical use. Mr. Zeigler took his
machine to Washington and illus
trated it, putting it to practical test
and the commissioners were so pleased
with it that they told him that his ap
plication would be filed and allowed.
Mr. Zeigler has a model of the ma
chine in his office and worked it for
your correspondent last night. It is
easy to see that the machine is in
every way practical and c'an be made
to generate any amount of power.
Mr. Zeigler had a wire front his at
torney in Washington yesterday an
nouncing that. all foreign patents
bad been secured. io is still hard
at work perfecting hif machine.
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
Outside the State.
President Roosevelt, who has been
alone in Yellowstone Park, reap
peared to the worl at Fort Yellow
stone on Thursday. He had been
absent on horseback eight days.
He went back into Yellowstone Park
very shortly.
Major General Powell, the "Hero
of Mafeking," recently appointed
chief of cavalry of the English army,
ison a visit to t ihe United Statos study
ing military tactics.
The Minnesota, the largest steam
ship ever built in this country and
the greatest cargo carrier in the world
was launched at New Haven, Conn
on Thursday.
In a railroad wreck on the L & N.
at Montgomery, Ala., on Thursday
the mail clerk and negro fireman were
killed and one person fatally in
Attorneys engiged in a fist fight
in the circuit court room at. Laf, -
etteville, Ind., last. week over the
possession of an imbecile millionaire,
young Chase. The attorneys had
met for a conference with the judge.
John Broadnax, the sixteen year
old negro who killed Sidney Blair,
an aged farmer, in iockingham coun
ty, N. C., on March 22, has been sen
tenced to he hanged on May 22. The
boy killed with intent, to rob.
Tlie Mississippi River has been
steadily falling at. all points and a
continuance of the dlecline is confi
dently predlicted. Not the slightest
fear is now felt.
The Association of Nationial Mann
facturers, held at New Orleans last
week unanimously re elected Presi
dent, Parry, despite of the alleged
outcry against hinm about his position
in opp)osition to organtized labor.
A cororner's jury in Missouri hla.
found a verdict holding three white
men on a charge of lynchinmg.
Standing at a hotel door at Bir
mninghamu on Friday (Glennt Itavis
shot and killed a travolinig salenman,
Elias M. Lat imor. Both youn g nmen.
Hiavis claimits sel f dIefenise.
WVhile preparing for anuot her trial
trip, L..ipt.on's new chatllonger, Sham
rock I11 wats st ruck by a squall and
dismasted. One mian wats killed and
Sir Thomas narrowly escaped wvit h
his own life.
The PresIent "Spars for. Wind."
Washington Star.
'lThe President 's decisoin to "'Iturn
in'' early wvhi ile ont his journey is
well taken. Early to bed antd early
to rise will keep hiim in trime, and
enlable him to enjoy himself t he more
and t.o return home with hiiis strength
undolpletedl. Of coulrse t he peopule
mean well. T1hei r desire to see hinm
is entirely sincere and( their arrangell
ments int his hionor a test imony to
their respect for his great office and
for him. But in their very fervor
antd friendhinOess they are apt t.o for
get that there are only t wenty - four
hours in a (lay anid night, and( that
event a stnrdy young athlete has his
limitations in the way of physical en
durance. Give them full measure,
Mr. President, but don't heap it up
Remember Sancho's immortal re
mark: "Blessed be the man that in
vented sleep."
A Verdict of Guilty in the Postoffle
Robbery Case The Jury Reached
a Verdict Very Quickly
News and Courier, 16th.
Thomas Nolan, Charles Howard,
William McKiuley, and Edward Dug
gan, members of the gang of safe
blowers, were convicted in the United
States Circuit Court yesterday, after
one of the most stubborn criminal
trials over held here since the days of
the Lake City lynchiug case. It took
the jury less than a half hour in ac
tual time to roach a verdict. The
men who had listened patiently to the
great mass of evidence submitted
were of the opinion that guilt beyond
ia reasonable doubt had been estab
lished, and there was nothing to do
but render a verdict accordingly.
The prisoners were each sentenced
to live years in the Federal peniten
tiary in Atlanta. They were also) re.
(uired to pay a line of $500 each.
There was some excitement when
the convicted men were leaving the
lobby of the court building for the
Jail. Just as Nolan and Howard,
handcuffed together, were starting
down the steps a boy, who has beon
hanging around the court since the
trial began, rushed up and made an
effort, as the authorities believed, to
pass something to Howard. Postoflice
Inspector Gregory caught him and
whisked him quickly to the marshal's
office. Subsequently the boy was
,J udge Simonton delivered a plain,
forceful charge to the jury, calling
attention to their duty. It was able
and strong and directly to the point.
The jury retired at 1.20, had dinner,
and then took a vote. It was said
that the twelve men were unanimously
of the opinion that the prisoners
were guilty.
Had the jury acquitted the pri
soners they would not have left the
Court room free. Sheriff Martin had
a warrant for their arrest, charging
then with robbing the Bank of Mui
lins of $5,200. Deputy Sheriff Poul
not was in the building, prepared to
take the prisoners. In the general
in-lict.meont the robbers were not
charged with the Mullins steal, al
though sufficient evidence was at
hand to hold them. Marshal Adams
had advised the sheriff that he could
get the custody of the prisoners should
they go free. The marshal has had
to deal wi!h desperate characters, but
he has exercised the greatest vigil
ance and will continue to (10 so until
the gates are closed on the quartette
in Atlanta's Federal prison.
The gang had been operating in
three Slates, had stolen thousands of
dollars and had caused financial ruin
to many poor people. They had
lived like princes in Columbia on
their ill-gotten gains, and lied trav
olled about the State disguised as
Thle fact wvas b)roulght out duiring
the course of the trial t hat Howat d
and Nolan had frequently 1)een seen
in Chiarleston. TIhev had hieadquar
ters up- town amnd imny of the char
actors with whom they associated
were around the cou rt nearly over.y
da9y. WVhen the gang was here last
wintoer theuy spont ruoney wvith a lav
ish hand, bought, winle and( dlialnonds
and1( sqinl(ored1 brui1k rolls ini lhe
gay ro(rts of I he city.
WVith t he conivictioni of the( pris.
onoers yesterday thle (Goveruneut will
not allow the robbe)ry cases to dIrop).
Tlhrr are t hree moore men ini jail.
(Ius DeF"ord, who is al1leged to 1)0 anm
act ive memiber of the ganig, will
eventunally be brought to irial. D)is
trict. Attorney Caupors called atten
tioun of the Court to the fact that the
package of monoey from the Norfolk
Bank, found ini thi possession of
Nolani, and1( proven to be t hat depos0
ited by DeF"ord, would play an im
portent paurt ini the t ria&l of the oilier
prisners, and1( J1udge Simonton will
allo0w this to be held( as evidence.
The personail belongings of thle pris
oniers will beI returned to them 1)0
fore they leave the city for Atlanta.
Mairshal Adams will prepare to
shiip the prisoniers to Atlanta ais sooni
't as o9sible. Isofore they were t rans
ferred fromi Coln ubia to Charleston
the authorities got word that ani ef.
fort mivht be6 made bv noninedarta
to liberate N.lan and hi. pale, al
though such a close" guard waH kept
that this wt s out of tie question.
While waiting to be returned to
the county jail Nolan remarked to a
friend: "Well, fiv.' yoart isn't sui"h a
bad pinch."
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
In the State.
Greenwood Iias raisod the necessary
amount for soeuring tho \Villiauston
Female Collge and the work of
erecting buildings, etc., will be corm
nmenced itmnediateoly and the college
soon removetI.
State Senator Jano. It. 1lake, of
Abboville, was married to Miss
Blanche Amm n et, of WlliaimstonI Fe
nalo Colloge, \Vednesday morning.
The Supervisor and CommlniHsioners
of Spartanhurg county have decided
to pay to Ureenvill". county $5,000,
taxes collected from the Pelham Ill1H
before it was decided they wore on
the Greenville side of the line.
Mr. IHaskell Gat lt, a young far
mer of Jonesville, Union county, ac
Cidentally shot himlnself in the calf of
the leg while out Itntinlg last week.
Wound not serious. Ie was Hitting
on a log wmhen the gun went oIl'.
Joe Davis, who killed J1. B. King
in Bamb org county, haM 1been Hon
tenced to ten yearr, in tho 'euiten
tiary, ending a very widely diHclHtd
murder trial.
The fifty-fifth annual MoHsion of
the State Medical Associat iou, hold
in Smuter, waits one of Ihe beat Im
years. Drs. W. U. iouseal and 0.
B. Mayor, of this city, were in at
Prof. Hitchcock, of the Department
ofAgricultu.oe, Washington, and Prof
Newman, of Clemson College, deliv.
ered let urea before the farmers of
Orangeburg county last week.
A negro waits shot through tho
heart and instantly killed by a Win
chester rifle in the tands of another
negro at Mliddendorf, in Chesterlield
county, lnat weOk. The nmuerderer
A lrunlkeni nogro wast t rick by a
passenger train at Florence ono day
last Weok. lie was Hitting on tho
track and was struck by the engine in
the head but was not killed.
At the moot ing of t ht (i rand Lodge
Knights of I loionr held in Aiken last
week Columbtia wast cen as the
place of next mrtinrg.
0Greenivil le has1 gnrnt ed a franleliuso
to entor ont' tof her prinicipial streets
to thie Greenivillo-.Andersion trolley
Clhief Hotwie arid his ' cotistables
have been maiikinrg sornoit suicosfu)l
raidsM at P'aria 18shu11d, ini Beaufort.
A negro fi om Satvannahi visited'
friends on the Cli ft-on boat at Btonu
fort. last week, and thle Cli ftton leav
ing the harbor, thle negro wast going
to jniump overboairtd rodt swim ashtMlore.
Aniot her negro at oiItetinrg to r .
vent. th~e foolh ardIy act. wvasI trwni
overboard ini thle seilleo' nin rg arid
T1. A. Ba1tiean, (if Ciolumbtia, writ
tried in Chrlloin Thuinrsday tn the
chiarge of inmpenrM(onatig a govern
monII oflic(r, and1( a ve'rdict of not
guilty rtulrned. The jury wasi polled
tby o rde r of t ho Juditge, and( Oi on elom
bter riot favo nrig th e verdict, thle ju ry
w as trdet.ried back Thei 0 amo1 ver
dict wasil algin uimiiiiously re
The Sumriter dtlolgation hia- rC
omornd(edl that a primiany bot hiold
for t he rnonunailtioni of a Clork of
Court for Sttr county.
York wvi i lhve arnother cottori il.ii
The i Montttr Sp inninrg Coman) Ey, of
Cloven, las receivtid prisstioni to
op)o) ntboks of subsctMripiti on. T~h
calpitaEl 8(ock will be $150S,000.
J1ohnr Mlligan, I I years old, of Mt.
PlonsE1anit, Chrleston, lias- boon1 held
fotr the murrdlen of his mother. Hii
wvill be tried at thte next Messim
Th'lere were thIiroe aIttemp Jtsa
suicidlt in WVashington on l"riday
t.wo otf tihnmi roulngr unasfn1ly
Conspiracy to Kill Goebel Proved at Last.
Governor Taylor and his Colleagues
Alders and Abettors.
Frankfort, Ky., April 10.-Henry
E. Youtsey today for the first time",
told on the witness stand his story of
the killing of the late Governor Goe
bel. He named Jas Howard, the de
fendant, who fired the shot. Youtsey
said he saw Howard for the first
time a few minutes before the shoot
ing. Howard had a letter sent him
several days before by the witness at
Governor Taylor's dictation. Yout
soy says lie took Howard into the
otlice of Caleb Powers, then Secre
tary of State, which had been espe.
cially arranged for the shooting. He
showed Howard the Marlin rifle, the
1)ullets and the window from which
the shooting was to bo don . He
says Howard asked what he was to
got. for doing the shooting.
Youtsey says he asked, and that
Howard said he wanted a pardon for
killing Goo. Baker.
I told him he could have that
and more, too," said Youtsey "About
that time," said the witness, "tloebel
came in the gate and I pointed him
out to Howard and then ran from
the room. As I disappeared down
the stops to the bassment I heard
the crack of Howard's rifle."
Youtsey said that. after the shoot
ing he passed through the State
11ouse basement, anI a few minutes
later eatme back into the E xecutive
building from the east side entrance.
"I stayed in the oflice of Assistant
Secretary of State Matthews," said
he, "for a few momenta and saw
Matthows break open Caleb Pow
er'H oflice and tind the guns that had
been left in there."
Youtsoy said that at the time of
the shooting he was private socretary
to Auditor Sweeney, but that as the
political status was not definitely
fixed it wan understood he was to
have a good place under Taylor.
'(ovEIINo1t TAYI.O1{ 1)IIE('TED) A1.. WE
"We regarded him as our leader
and he was moraliy;rosponsible for
all we did. We knew we had the
(lovernor and the pardoning power
besido us and we were not. afraid of
punishment for killing Goefel."
Youtsoy, on oross examination,
Hai(1 that atter he was arrested and
later sent to the Penitentiary lie still
had hope of gaining his liberty, lHe
thought Yorkos would be elected
Governor and would [pardlon him.
Yorkes was defeated, however, and
about a year ago lie decidled to talk,
and( (lid tell his story to Prisoni
P'hysician ToinI.
Youtsey said further that he had
an addit iounal incentive to tell the
story, as Taylor, Powers and others
had used4 him as a catspaw and
scapoeg4at and1( thon deseHrtedl him
whenr he got into trouble.
Order Issued by Geu. Carwilcof Intierest
to livery Old Soldicr Going to Colnm
bin In May.
F4dgelield, April 17.- rOIm lhe
hieadqunarters of the South Carol ina
dlivision, Ui. (C. V , the following gen.
oral order was isuedl t his afternooni:
(Gonioral Order No. -I.
I hat all vet orans attenuding t he State
reunlion at Columb a shiallI wear t hiei r
c'amp badges, theooh'jct of t hiis being
to facilhtate the work of the enter
t ainmenit connu it t ees5 a' tihe deojts,
ionablinig tile commiuttoo0.non to idlez..
ify the veterans.
It is also desired thant each voteran
who intends to attondl the reunion ad
vise at once Secretary E. .J. WVatson
o,f the Chamber of Commerce whet her
he desires entertairneut free o,f cost.
If this is promptly (lone, tile work of
assigning thnld)011soldiers to comSforte
ble1 (quarters can bo accompllished in
adlvance of the reunion, andi each men
will be eonabledl to come to the c,ity
with the address of his host in ii
By order: TUhos. W. Carwile,
Major General (omimanding S. (C.
Division, U. C. V.
J. M. Jordlan,
A djntant Genean ada (1hief-of Staff

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