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EST ABLISH ED [8M5.-____ NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAY, MAY 29, 1908 TWICE A W EEK, $ .50 AYEA THE CONFEDERATE ROLLS. Letter From the Government to Col. M. P. Tribble Explaining Exactly What tis Desired. Columbia Cor. News and Courier. Columbia, May 27.-Col. M. P. Tribble hes begun work on the Con federate rolls, which the United States Government has asked for with a view to their publication. Col. Tribble invites and earnestly solicits co-operation in the work he has been desiguated to undertake and hopes very much that those having rolls or information such as is sought will communicate with him. There has been a great deal writ ten about the matter and a good deal of misunderstanding, and with a view of getting before the people the information that is sought be has given out one of the letters he has received from Washington, in which the exact information which the Government seeks and how it is to be obtained is given. It reads as follows: Record and Pension Office, War Departmentr Washington City, March 28,1903. Col. M. P. Tribble, Anderson, S. C.-Dear Sir: The department hav ing been advised by Governor Hey ward on the 25th instant that he will be glad to co.operate with it in the compilation of the recently au thorized roster of the officers and men of the Union Confederate ar mies, and that he has designated you to confer with me relative to the de tails of the work, I beg leave to sub mit the following suggestions for your consideration: A considerable collection of the rolls of South Carolina Confederate organizations is now in the possession of this department. While that col. lection does not by any means show all the names of the officers and men who wvere in the Confederate service from South Carolina, and while it does not show the complete military histories of those whose names it does show, it is hoped that the list of 6ames and the histories of individual officers and men can be made much - more nearly complete by record evidence obtainable from other origi nal rolls that may now be im posses Sion of the State of South Carolina 6r of historical societies, memorial pasociations and individuals of South MCarolina and. other States. *'The legislation authorizing the 'i pilation of the roster is construed Sthe departnment to restrict it, in ~ king comnpilation, to the use of ~inal recordls imade during the wvar ' riod, anid to p)reclud(e the use of pidor ma1Lucript c.opios of com. ~ %dtions md subsequently3. For bis reason an,d in order t hbat there S~libe no0 ground. for dIoubt as t the alccurney of tie propiosedl ros W,the de(partment. t will be unable to use in the compjilaonI any of the rosters t h't hiave he retoforo been pblished, but must im all cases seek e rgnlrecordls 1uon which those Von will re'adily see that, ini order ~hat thmecoi-pilationz no.w inpors *hallI be as nearly comiplete as ii is ~ ossible to make it, ii is 'set'ia l that the wiir department .-ball obtain the temnporary l,ian, for ithe purpose of copy ing, of any origintal oflicial rolls, ists or other dloenmnIts that show $Athe names of Confederate oflicers and men, and that are now in tihe cust ody of S tate officials, historical or memo. rial associations, public or private libraries, or that are in the possession of private citizens. It is imnpracticab)le for the war de partment to comm~iuniicaite with the various holders of these scattered records, and conisequenitly . the de partmneiit must. rely upon eachi State to collect, by loan or othterwise, such records of its ownI or ot her Con feder ate organ!izattionis as5 mayi beI obtin able within the State, and to forwa,rdl the collection wheni c'm pleted to this department, by wvhih thi le records1 will be copiedl and r-et.uined to t ho State with the least. possible dlelay. Of coturse, express charges incident to shipping records to anid from the State will be dlefraiyedl by the de partment. Permit. me to suggst ifth la n her outlined meets with your ap provel, that you take such steps,, through the public press and other wise, as you may deem to be advisa. able and proper to give the plan wide publicity and to enable you to gather together all original Confed. erato records that can be collected in your State by loan or otherwise. If it occurs to you that a different plan from that indicated herein should be adopted, or if during the progress of the work you can make an) suggestions tending to facilitate or improve it, you will confer a favor upon the department and myself by advising me freely ane fully with regard to your views. Very respect. fully, F. L. Ainsworth, Brigadier General, United States Army, Chief Record and Pension Office. Col. Tribble has already received quite a number of original rolls and would like very much to hear from any one who may have such infor mation as is sought. PRESIDENT GOT WRATHY Because His Wife's Handwriting Was Criticized--Roasted Postoffice and Or dered Investigation. Tacoma, May 25.--There was a stormy scene in the president's pri vate car just after the party left Portland, Ore., on the Western tour. The day before, it seems, a paper printed a scare-head article declaring that Seattle was temporarily the seat of the national governimint because the president's mail was arriving at the local office. It went on to show how letters from Mrs. Roosevelt were addressed and commented on the handwriting intimating that she was careless in asmuch as the final "e" in her hus band's name was but omitted. The addresses on other letters were also given. The article was shown the presi dent. He promptly called Secretary Loeb to him and denouced the offi cers of the Seattle postoflice who had made his correspondence a mat ter of public comment and said he would at once order the post master general to make a rigid examination in order I > ascertain what officer was responsible for a gross breach of trust. It is reported the president is very much excited over the criticism of his wife's chirography. DBATH AT SODA FOUNTAIN. A Greenville Man Killed Ry Eixploslon Of A Drum Recharging A Fountain In Union. Trhe State. G. R. Russell, a plumber of Wal halla, was accidentally killed at Union Monday afternoon by the ex plosion of a drumt wvhichi was being recharged preparato:y to being re placed in the soda fountain of H. F. Scaife & Son. Mr. Russell died instantly, a hole some six or eight inches having been torn in the left side of his skull and the left eye cavity fractured. The ceiling of the store was damaged, a window shattered, t he soda fountain dlamiagedt and a hole ki ocked! in the floor of the building. The deceasedl was a man who came to Union representing the Barr Hard ware Co. of Greenville, and was to do some plumbing in the residence of H. F. Scaife on Main street, and just happened to 1be at the store before going to wvork. While there Mr. Eugene Scaife startedl to relill the drum while Mr. Russell was simply looking onm, when without the least warning or fuss t.he dIrum exploded, knocking Mr. Scaife over but not hurting Phim, and killed Mr. Russell. Newbury Cotllege Comimencenment Pro gramme Junie. 7, 11 o'clock, baccalaureate ser mon, by Rev. C. E. Wcltner of Augusta, Ga ; 8: 30, address to the students by Rev. D). M. Ramsay, D). ID., of Char leston, S. C. J'.nc 9, 3:30, annual meet.ing of Board of Trustees; 8; 30, Jlunior (cntest for medlal in oratory. June 9, 11 o'clock, add(ress before the Alumni Association. 8: 30, address be fore the Literary Societies by President Henry L. Smith, of Davidson College, N. C. June 10, 10 o'clock, annual comumne. ment GENERAL NEWS NOTES. Items of More or Less Interest Condensed Outside the State. As the investigation proceeds, the scandals in the postoffice grow. It is now said that the Postmaster Gen eral is seriously thinking of tender ing his resignation. A passenger on the Chesapeake and Ohio was wrecked by spreading of the rails near Charlottesville on Tuesday and the engineer and fire man were both killed. The Reliance, the new boat which will defend the America's cup against Sir Thomas Lipton's challenger Shamrock III has been placed against the old champions, the Con stitution and Columbia, several times, and each time has won by a good margin. A bet of $1,500 to $1,000 has been placed that the British boat will not. win a single race of the three. The Attorney Genoral of Texas has brought suit against insurance companies doing business in the State which have combined to keep up the rates. Judge Frank P. Bonifay, after de livering a heated address in the city campaign at Pensacola, Fla., Tues day night, dropped dead just as he was about to leave the platform. Excitement caused his death. B. J. Shirley, of Monroe County, Ala., was killed on Tuesday by his two brothers in- law, David and James Smith. More than twenty killings have occurred in this county during the past eighteen months. A large factory for the nanufac ture of all kinds of tobacco, to be constructed and operated exclusively by negroes, is to be started in Rich mond at an early date. It is reported that. Andrew Carnegie is furnishing the financial backing, and that Booker Washington is furnishing the policy of which this enterprise is the outcome. Four men were killed and two in jured in an explosion in a Pennsyl vania coal mine on Tuesday. M. C. Wilson was shot and killed by a man eighty years old, Benjamin Davis, at Rincon, Ga., on Tuesday. Automo Triolo, who shot and killed a child actress two years ago, was electrocuted in Ossining, N. Y., this week. Five shocks were re quired to produce death. Postmaster General Payne has summarily dismissed Daniel V. Mil ler, assistant attorney in the otlice of Assistant Attorney General, for ac. cepting a bribe in connection with the case of a company charged with fradulent uise of the mails. The in vestigation still cont'Lues. The \Voman's Board of Foreign Missions of the M. E. Church South, in session at Memphis, appropriated $30,000 for missionary work ini Mex ice. This is about one-third of the amount approp)riated for this work ini all lands. T'errol)h details of suffering and d.'ath have been reported as a re sult of a famine in Kwangsi, China. Owing to t hree successive failures of crops, people are (lying by the hun dreds. Dunrinmg March and April it. is saId(. 30,000 people sold them selves. Henry L Owens, member o)f a prom inent Kentucky family, com ruitted suicide in a hotel at Memphis last week. Hie weighed four hun dred pounds. It is r-eportedl that 150 Macedonian insurgents wvere mlassacred1 in Salor. ica by the Turks on May 21. The lighting lasted thirty hours, dyna mile beitug the principal projectile used. By specIrial order- of President lloosevelt, an A mericani squadron will aittendI t he c'eremfonlies attendant upon regatta wvoek at Kind, begin ning on ,Jiur 25. Emperor William is mtaking special preparations for their recep)tionI, and they will be guests of honor, "beauso sent by spmcial order of the Presidant.'' SOUTH CAROLINA NBWS. tems of More or Less Interest Condensed In the State. Carey Styles, who shot and killed Walter MoCarrell, both white, at )ne of the county campaign meetings n Greenwood lasi, summer, has been )onvicted in the court at Greenwood )f manslaughter. City council of Anderson has im )osed a license of $500 on immigra ion agents. The immediate cause of his action was the presence in the iity of an immigration agent who had nduced about forty negroes to go to Vork county for work. Many of these were under contract with Anderson >eople, who have suffered by their -emoval. In a wreck on the Main line of the southern between Belmont and Lowell, N. C., on Monday might, )aused by a string of freight cars mushing dowu grade into a passenger, he engineer of the passenger was ieriously injured and a number of iars were demolished. Spain Kelly, who shot and killed W. F. Creech in Lee county, and who ias surrendered to the sheriff of sumter, says that he was fully justi ied and is willing to leave his case o a jury of his countrymen. Burglars made a general tour of bhe little town of Chapin on Monday ight, but secured little booty. The most valuable article secured was the watch of a minister, Rev. Mr. Ander. ion, who is condicting a protracted meeting in the Methodist church. Mir. Anderson's room was entered ind the watch taken from his 3lothes. Posey Davids, an aged negress, was itruck by lightning and instantly killed while sitting at the window of her shanty on St. Helena Island, near Beanfort, on Monday night. The store of Win. F. Furtick, in Columbia, was broken open on Mon day night, and a small amount taken from the money drawer. There have been a number of daring attempts at robbery in Columbia recently. At the first meeting of the stock. holders of the City Bank of Green wood after its recent failure it was approximated that if the bank were to be liquidated at once the stock holders would get 85 per cent. after depositors and creditors had been paid in full. The bank will be re. organized. Marion is installing a sy stem of water works, circulating a petition to vote bonds for sewerage, going into an early election to vote bonds for graded school purposes, extend ing a railroad, and has about enough in hand to secure one of the Carnegie libraries. Governor Heyward dlelivered the annual address before the gradetd schools in Sumnmerton last week. Ex-Governor Chamberlain, who has been invalided in Columbia for the past eight~ months, will leave next week for New York, whence lhe intends to sail for London to spend( the sum. mer. Sapin Kelley, who shot and killed WV. F. Creech, at Bishopville on the 6th, it is said because Creech hadl wroiiged Kelley's sister, has surren dered to the sheriff. The last of the claims of the Chiar lestoni Exposition Company, for labor, arthois, services, etc, rendered t that company, aggregating $59,74:3 has beeni paid by the government The last Congress appropriated $160, 000 for that purpose. WV. C. Clifton, wvho murdered hi. neighbors, Mr. anid Mrs. John W,. Ohurch, at Gillette, Col., was was lynched b)y a mob on Tuesdlay night. lai a wreck resnlting from a colli Aion of two freight. trains on the Routhern near Bryan, on Wednesday morning, eight meni were killed, t wo injuredl, and both traiins burned. In a collision oni the British Chan. nel oni Wednesday evening twenty two Anstrian and Italian immigrants lo,t. t.heir lives. saiiii-is a'd ii '1I,~logianc o the doe partmnt, who tildily fresigioed 1E4n1M wVoks ago. liI- rophod aItllim ativolv. "I have t) liit," he said, "that il departmet is k(wping track of him " HlUMORt FOUND IN UR10S. Typographical Blunders are Often ixceed ingly Amusing. (F'rom the Golden Penny.) Cha1rlos Kingsley iS said to have oxprmisd his Hurprito that the New gate Calendar does not appear to record the case of any writor having been hanged for murdering his prin. tor. Authors who are fortunate enough in having to rogularly correct proofs will approciato Kinley' fool ing in the mator. It would moom at times a if irammt, wore right, when he stited his beIf that Satanl himi self presidi d over the com posing room. We cani readily understaid that, the Bishop who was reportedi a having mt,ated thaut "ho hand bimn oin Cho drink for Holm tiif," iiistead of "brink," woild bo inl cordial sympathy with this muntiimeit. So would the coiml pany promotor, who must have been startl(d when ho saw his now venture de0cribOd inl a leadiig Lond1onI diily HS "the issuio of 100,000 now snares of ono pondi each." A cute member of the toek ixchange.rmarked that. the printer ha1d inlcotisciotisly spokerl he pain I it h. Of voirae, the nat. ural enomy of tlie spirit of imishiief, who at timlies prosidts over the desti nlitl of the con'pi,)sinig rooni, is thI proof rondor, inl d ai largo part of fihe humor is siramigimtl by lii ti t. hirth, but it is surprising what (ios g%t, through. Ofien so small i thiing as It Comma111k gives i ladierlousm turn1 to tliio moitoleo. A Scotch ,ivino Whos90 HM10rmonH are ougorly looked for must have hatd i is Christian forboarance put to a 8trong test whe ho found that, he was ro sponsible for the following tl orance: "Only last Sabath, my dear friends, a young womian dii in this parish very suddenly, while I was ot '-o,vc r. ing to preach the word '' , f boast ly initoxient ion " 't, i8 in provincial papo l the choicest bli of iuimor. A i ce of writing always considered su--rod in ank mlitorial comliient. II o would be a )old compositor or vroof reulor who dared to initerfere with it, sto we miust not. blame th0i for the follow ing chioicu coimketd added to a poilm which appeared in Ilie Pootm' Corier of a Aorkshire wookly '"These lino were writteni fifty y ears ago by3 a man who has for imaniy years- lain in hisI grave for his oHtwnlC t amusemenit. The prfinter ale I h le advertiser share the blamw for thle following advertise mont: "'Watited A youth to attend poultry of ai religious turn11 of mind."' T1he utdlitioni of a tmatrk otf piunctiua. ment as thle om iesi on. A N ow Yr k society jourinal a short time ago had a stranige stor) of a ball a st the White H ouse. T1hie repiorteor wais dIescriiig the drness andi, it wiuhl appIlear, was. irat her hurt t hat a cortaim lady who usially I suppliedt spec~jial copy by hier t originality iin gownsi, lid not) oni this tccaisioni conmiu oult mi antyt hing no0w. 1ier full friomi her isuial sltidlardi of orig'nality anid excellen'icewa ev'i5 W deniitly to hto <hi.tiissed ini thle few wo'rds,: 'K.llrsN Nesbit werte nting in lie niat urohf a dres's I hat was remark aleli,' bil l ie (ltiniiOn of thle jtriittinig house w 14 loo: thiit night anud next miorniing Natw Yourk~ wae hiorrilied t see: ".\lnr ,eshtit wor,oE not hingi.~ in thu tnaturiie of ; ia drss Thiat was( remaiirk. lia t lie maitnipuilationi of t yjte a let Ier oftoin getsa loos anid dIrops out It iiuully happeus thatnt the default Sig letter is the only one that could( aiilter he sorise of I lie word or passage. In ai Northorn i uiversity ai year or no iago th' membilers of ai class ini Hebrew decj'ided( on1 raking a presentation to t heir lecturer. Ini replying to the a speeches of his piipi Is tihe reverend tprofessor was (1uly3 credlited bty a dhaily withI the roll owing utterance: "Dr. N , ini rep)oninig, said( he was novoi 1o happy as whoa he was with hir l Iass,'' ot (--a sontiment which mnusi bi have shocked the unco' giuidl until i r was explained that the "c'" had beer f omifittnr1 ini '"nlans" MAJOR J. M. CROSSON. Announcement of Ills 55th Marriage An niversary Calls Forth an Interest ing Letter. Tho following is 'from the Rotisten (Tom, ) Chronielo of a reent date. Major Cross-mi is vell known inl New borry. He was at one lime editor of tho paiper to which The 1Heraid and Nows is successor, and speit a good portion of his life in Newberry. The article from the louston Chronicle, publishing ran interesting letter writ. ton Major Croson ulponl the an nouiceme0nt of the fifty-fiftih aini vorsary of his marriage, follows: "Trhoe'i Chronicle of some d0 ys a.o ainouiced that on April 1) Miior and Nirs. .1. At. Crosson of No. 'io Milam street would colobritto t be fifty fifth aunnivorsary of their mar riago. "Thitis announcement brought, forth the following lotior, which will bo found fill of historical interest.. It is also rich ill sontimeint, nd its peru. sal will doubtless strik a responl ive chord among the old soldiers inl general: "Longview, Toxas, April 8. Mnjor J. M. Crosson.-Dohr Old comradti: I have just found your address inl the H ouston ChrniIol and haston to saluto you once moro inl plssing. I am glad to know you still live, and that ) ou are atbout to celebrate the fifty fifth anniversary of your marriago. Accept my hearty handshake and congratulations for that, occasion, which I hope %ill be 010 of intuch plestire to yol, fud also the good wolmial who ha borne with you and your ways for 55 yOalrs. "As soon as I road of you I began the old campaign of four years over again. I have fought, over our bat ties again-- -laying, wounldid, ill the IoHpital--t sO you at the battle of Franktlin, whore we lost the gallant and noble Reilly; I me you loading the charge, with your old whito hat rolled itp anld carrie d in the bald in lieu of a sabir; I soo the retrot across the narrow causeway--- the only esoapo for our artillery and baggage; I leave iho strip of woodn the very last living iman, and beforo I have, I nend a courier (I wis aid to (olonlel Roilly that day) to Liouton alt Smit.h, who hald run hik gunboat, up almo:<t opposit0 us. I n011(d a courier to him with orders to shl that, strip of woods furiously unti t0e advialicing enemy is near him. and( then t.o blow up hin boat. Al' of which he did, auuad kept Bainia,~ fromt pressing through that strip of woods anid charging our rear, until we wore ini posit,ion to receive him i later in the (lay. I ought to have had a capltain's conun1tissiofli for that strategic move, but I got nothing. ''And then how we did annoy .Ild Blaniks. At last wve lost (Glroen, t 'o idlol of t ho army, ont west. Side oIf thle river. F'inially Maintild. D)on't you remembeor the two dlays picket wvork, and skirmiishes, to brinrg ont thiis figh t' And what we di,1 for B3ankls that day was a pllenity, as we demtobl ihl his tifth army c~orps. Anid at a terriblIe (Hint of brave I souNi'ian ia[ns. (lotnor-a Mouton anid his menOt worot moI(wed dlownf in pl ain vieiw of ris, but rever faltered. JBrav, nob11 le men. Thlen at I'losnrit If ill. Oh! thle roar of musketry arid ho(w our owni brave boys caughit it thart day. Forty years have abnmost gon 0sir1ico thIiat timett, b)ut I c,annuot forget it. F1Xxcuse mty robioarsal of thlese things, andu kntow that I ant ntow a good rieont tructe Icit iznt of thie grantdent., th Itnroblist andti the mtost favored count ry oi earth I-- Ihli UJnitedl States of America. "WIArito mue when you carn. I have the o)ld mnorig repiort of Companty Fi yit.; made out ont brown papoir, the best we ctonid do) then. I somnet imes golt it out arid (all theo roll, but niot manyIt (of the bloys couldi answer niowi. TIhe few that arei left are scattered here anid there all over the State. met T1ip arnd Johun Mautry and1( Har' vey riot long sittco. They all live in Tlrinity. I meet others occasionally mt my t.ravels. ''But lost I weary you, I close.I wish you and your good lady rmany happy returnts of the anntliversary you are ablout to celebrate. Your frienid nd comrade, ".1nhn TF 1Po." SENSATIONAL DEVIBLOPMEMT. General Superintendent of Free Delivery Service Arrested on Charge of Ac cepting "Rake Offs." Washington, May 27.---By far the most sensational development of the postoffice investigation up to thiN time occurred today, when August W. Mlahen, the general supt-rinton dent of the free delivery service, Was arrested on a warrant issntod ij)on the information of postolice inspe tors charging him with having re ceived "rake offs" from contracts made with the local firm of Goff Brothers for a patent postal box fastener. The warrant specifically charges him with receiving $18,981.78 since August 8, 1900. It is alleged, however, at the department that this amount does not represent all that AMachen obtained in connection with these contracts, it being charged that he profited by them for several yeara prior to the date of the first contract mentioned in the warrant. Other arrests are to follow. Immediately after Mr. Macheun was taken inio custody the Postmas. tor general issued an order removing him from office. He had been prie. tically under suspicion for a fort. night pending the investigation iuto his bureau The discovery of Ma chen's alleged interests in the con tracts was made quite accidentally by the inspectors some threo wveek ago, and "ines then their energiei had been directed toward making )ut a case. Last night, after the nu thorities had become convinced that they were in possession of the noes sary evidence, Mr. Maclhen wats no tiged to appear at the departmenti this morning. He did so and waF subjected to a "sweating" process by the inspectors and Mr. Bristow foi three hours, but no admission that hu had profited by the contract could be obtained from him. H1e doeliid to answer many questions on tht ground that they related to his pri vate business, but insisted to the ncmi that he had not received i cent im properly. Nevertheless he was arrested oi the warri.n which had been prepare and was taken before a United Stateo commissioner, where his attorney im mediately demanded a full hearing Assistant District Attorney Taggart however, was not ready to procom with the case and the hearing wat set for June 5. Mr. Machn gave i $20,000 bond; ifurnished by a Phila delphia bonding company, for his appearance, declining to accept the proffer of friends to go on his bondl After his release he declin2ed to maki suy statement beyond the singl< declaration that the whole thing wi a grand stand play and would com< out all right. MRt. PAYNE's EYEs OPENED AT LAsT. Postmaster Genieral Pay no say that the evidence against Machie was of the most conclusive charactoi "It is a very sad - affair," i Payne added: "it is very serious bu1 siness. The probabilities are the the end is not yet." The Postmaster General said thu the department was running dlow all of the charges that ha've boo madle concerning postal admwin ist ri tion; that many chargos had be made which are not knownt to, ti public, anid that where a few woi substantiated great numbers of I1 allegationts proved without foun da tion. lHe madle the significant u'nggo tion that there were many oth< charges of irregularities ini the fri delivery afhice now beinig invest igate. C)ommeniting on the arrest of Di<um V. Miller, the assistant attorne which preceded by forty- eight biom that of Mr. Machent, Mr. Payne sai that lie had asked Assistant A tio ney General Robb whether the Rya decision, which Mr. Christianc signed at the instanoce of Miller, wau proper under the law and( u1ine th facts. Mr. Rlobb's answer has lit been received. wATcHIINO ANoTHJ1ut SUSPECT. Mr. Patyne was asked whether th department wvas keeping in tone with George W. Beavers, the forme