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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, August 07, 1903, Image 1

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'4 ,ST B IS E 185-F I PR V . F I A ,A G S . 9 8
Blection Was Over at 11 A. M. Tuesday
Was a Compromise-Impressive
Rome, Aug. 5.-The conclave,
after being in session four days,
Tuesday elected Gdiseppe Sarto,
patriarch of Venice, as pope to suc
ceed Leo XIII and he now reigns at
the vatican and over the Catholic
world as Pius X. Tuesday night all
Rome was illuminated in his honor.
His election and the assumption of
his holy office were marked by a
striking demonstration and im.
pressive ceremonies at the vatican
which only ended this evening.
-The election of the patriarch of
Venice was unanimous. After Mon
day's balloting it was a foregone con
clusion that he was the only candi.
date sufficiently acceptable to all to
secure the necessary two thirds,
which the laws of the church require.
One of the cardinals said to a repre
sentative of the Associated Press that
he believed Pins X would follow the
broad lines of Leo's policy, although
not likely to accentuate it. This
voices the general feeling here, which
is one of satisfaction.
The new pontiff is a man of sim
ple origin, and although not a very
prominent candidate, he had been
frequently mentioned as one of the
many cardinals who might be taken
up as a compromise. In several re
spects he resembles his venerable
predecessor, notably in his reputation
for culture and piety. Having boen
associated with no factions this fact
alone won him much favor from
foreign cardinals who were without
an especial candidate. Pius X was
humorousl) described as "a country
mouse who could not possibly find
his way about Rome."
When the result of this ballot was
announced in the conclave Cardinal
Sarto was so overcome with emotion
:and so touched by the unlooked for
confidence reposed in him that he
could no longer control his feelings
and to the surprise of all he broke
down, declaring that such responsi
bility and honor were not for him
and he must refuse if offered. Tears
rolled down his checks anid he seemed
firm in his determination to refuse
the dignity. He was so palpably
sincere that, consternation reigned in
the conclave and the cardinals spent
the whole evening anid far im,to the
night in convincing himti that his
election was the will of providence
and that he must accept.
Several tiumes lie almost fainted
and had to b)e revived by the use of
salts. IHe seemned happy but broken
down even after all the other candi
dates had re'tirod, and on the final
ballot he looked a stlatino of resigna.
tio[n. Cardinal Casetta, as scruti
neer, was readling out t hie vote. When
42 votes had been recorded for the
,patriarch of Venice, tl-e scrutineer
rarose and lifted his red secchetto,
esaying, "Habemus pontilicell."
But from many md~es cardinals
scried out: "Continue.''
As the vote approached fifty, how.
'ever, the cardinals, as of one accord,
,surrounded the newv pontiff and
eccording to tradition, demanded to
know if he would accept the pontifi
Cardinal Sarto's lips trembled so
that he could hiardlly articulate, but
after a visible effort he said:
"If this cup cannot pass from
There he paused but the cardinals
around himi insisted t hat it was nec
essary for him to say "yes" or "no."
Whereupon he replied firmly, "'I
Pius X after retiring and donning
his new robes-pure white, the only
coloring being his redl shoes rose and
in a votce at first tremulous, but
grad ually becoming full and firm,
administered the papal blessing to
all of the members of the sacred col
lege. It was received with bowed
and uncovered beads.
The fisherman's ring, not yet hav
ing been found, a new one was
placed on the pontiff's finger as a
symbol of renewed power and evi
dence that the Catholic church has
once more a head.
In the meanwhile masons and car.
penters had been busy breaking
down doors, so that the cardinals.
deacons, together with the master of
ceremonies and the conclavist and
many others might proceed to the
balcony of St. Peter's. When the
windows on the balcony slowly opened
and the great gleaming cross was
seen by the populace below the ex
citement and impatience heightened
to the extreme.
rlowly Cardinal Macchi, secretary
of the congregation of the apostolic
briefs, advanced and exclaimed in a
loud voice:
"Annuntio vobiogradium magnum
habemus papem eminentissimum et
reverendissimum dominum cardina
lem, Joseph Sarto, qui sibi imposuit
nomen Pius X."
Then the bells of St." Peter's
boomed out as did those of all the
churches of Rome, giving the glad
news to the world.
St. Peter's boomed out the three
quarters of the hour paF 11 o'clock
and there was still no sign of the
smoke of announcement.
A second later the great central
window of St. Peter's facing the
piazza swung slowly open. A loud
shout arose and all rushed mt.aly
towards the cathedral. At the open
window half a dozen vatican atten
dants appeared. Suddenly there
broke out into the fierce sunlight a
gorgeous banner, bearing a cardinal's
The tension was soon relieved.
Cardinal Macchi, carrying a large
red book and preceded by a glitter.
ing cross appeared at the window.
A wild shout went up. Cardinal
Macchi waved both hands for silence.
In a second a solemn hush fell on
the scene, broken only by a sharp
word of command from an officer and
the rattle wherewith troops bronght
their rifles to the present. In clear
tones Cardinal Macchi read the pre
amble, the people below meanwhile
being scarcely able to contain them
selves until he reached the word
"Sarto" when a terrific roar went up.
Those out of hearing of the cardi
nal's voice joined in the acclamation
and the whole square became one of
men and women, throwing hats in
the air, shouting and cheering at the
top of their voices.
Those below instantaneously made
a rush to go mnto St. Peter's and a
mad scramble ensued for the basilica.
Thousands dashed towards the four
huge doors arnd in spite of their
width a: desperate jam occurred, in
which the women narrowly escaped
injnry. Like a roaring wave thbe
peop)le swvept into St. Peter's.
A whe'at pit, in its wildest mnoments,
could not compare with the stately
wave of St. Peter's at this moment.
A t t he gallery window st ood Oar
dinal Mat hieu, Monsignor Merry del
Val an1d several other cardinals. 'The
center place was vacant.
In a few moments terrific cheers
burst from every throat. There,
with the sun streaming in from the
window behind, was the new pope.
IIis newly received papal robes
showed resplendant amid the colors
of those who stood beside him. For
a few moments the tall form re
mained perfectly still-the pontiff
was gazing at the crowd beneath.
The deafening roar of cheers showed
no sign <r ditu:nishing. Then Pins
X raised his hand. In the twiunk
ling of an eye the crowd, mad with
excitement hut a moment before, be
came dumb and a deathlike silence
prevailed throughout the basilica.
It was broken only by the clear,
strong voice of the new Pope.
"Adjntorium nostrum in nom;ne,
domini" he chanted like the keys of
a magnificent organ struck by a mas
ter hand. The response swelled np
from the crowd below. There was
another silence and another response.
Then came the benediction such as
few %yill ever forget. With magical
rapidity the scene ceased to be one
of deep devotion. Loud cheers
burst from the people as the pope
started back to the vatican by way
of the terrace. These acclamations
continued long after Pius X had dis
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
Outside the State.
William Adair a well to (1o farmer
living near Matewan, \V. Va., return.
ing from a business trip to Cincinnati
and becoming jealous he found his
wife at a neighbor's home, pulled
his revolver and fired at her three
times whereupon the wife shot
him dea: with a Winchester rifle.
Mrs. Adair is in jail.
John Dixon, a young negro inan
was arreated at Sparta, in Hancock
county, Ga., for attemted assault
upon a young white girl and was
spirited away to Macon and lodged
in jail there to prevent his being
lynched by a mob which formed for
that purpose.
Numbers of New England cotton
mills have closed down this week on
account of the high price of raw cot
Thirty people were killed and
fifty-two injured ' railroad disaster
in Austrian Silesh. on Monday. The
disaster was caused by a stone train
breaking its couplings and running
at terrific speed down a sharp grade
for twenty miles until it collided
with a passenger.
Twenty-one persons were injured,
some very seriously, in a head-on
collision between a freight and pas.
senger near Hartford City, Ind., on
Monday. The freight was delayed
and a dense fog prevented the pas
senger being seen until too late to
avoid the collision.
.:.'umerous strikes have been de
clared in Spain aimed at obtaining
the release from jail of workmen con
victed of offenses during previous
Rear Admiral Cotton with his
flag-ship the United States Cruiser
Brooklyn has been in Portuguese
waterm the past several days and has
been wined and dined by Portuguese
royalty. Admiral Cotton by special
invitation spent yesterday at the
King's chateau of Al vito.
On account of a shortage in the
accounts of its cashier, T. W. Dewey,
the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank
of Newbern, N. C., has been comn
polled to go into lhquidation. A re
ward of $500 has been offered for
the apprehension and return of the
defaulting cashier.
Rlobt. D. Cawthorn was convicted
of murder in the first dlegree at
Eastman, GIa. Cawthorn became in
fatuated with the wife of RI. D.
Tucker, a prosperous farmer, anmd
Tucker becoming suspicious, Caw
thorn put poison in a drink of brandy
which he gave T1ucker
Items of More or Less Interest Condensed
In the State.
The Atlantic Coast Lumber Coim
pany at Georgetown was sold1 for
$1,000,000. VTe new syndicate has
been formed to take over this im
manse property and there will b)e no
shutting (down of the plant in any of
its departments.
Arch B. Calvert has been re elected
mayor of Sparlanburg, his vote be..
ing 817 to 4184 for his opponent Lee.
Mayor (Calvert has already served
five terms as mayor of SpartanbIurg.
Andrew Shlirah. while in charge of
a gang of workmen in the Southern's
shop yards at the Blandinig street
station, Columbia, Tuesday, was run
over b)y a switch engine andl killed.
He was attempting to take a crow
bar off the track otut of the way of
the approaching engine.
AReview,of His Chances--His Boom for the
Democratic Nomination
Under Way.
New York Herald.
Senator Arthur Pue Gormian, of
Maryland, returned to this city on
the American liner New York yester
day afternoon to find that. a boom
has got under way for him for the
Democratic nomination for the Presi.
It had not been of rapid growth
until the last two or three weeks.
Mr. Gorman has, of course, been con
sidered in overy calculation which
has been made regarding the next
Democratic national convention over
since he was elected to his old placo
in the Senate. 11 grow in stature
as a Presidential possibilit-y whne he
was elected without opposition, (ox.
cepting that, of William J. Brayn,)
as the leader of his party in the Sen
ate at the beginning of the extraor
dinary 8osion, Mare6 5. Senator
Gorman has rather discouraged any
attempt to "star" him as a candidate
for Presideut, although his intimate
friends have been storming at him
for six or eight. months to declare
himself in the race.
The Gorwan "boom," which is
now on everywhere, follows a succes
sion of other booms. First was that
of Mr. Richard Olney, of Massachu
setts, who .was President Cleveland's
attorney general, and later secretary
of state. Then cani that of Mr.
Cloveland himself, many Doniocrats
believing that, the t hird term prejii
dice could be overcome. Mr. Clove
land's boom, which began just after
the former President. had that, remark
able reception at St. Louis, late in
April, did not last much longer than
did Mr. Olney's. Following this
cane a rather short. lived iovenient
to push David R. Francis, of Mis
souri, to the front. ion there was
a canvass of the running qualities of
Judge George Gray, of Delaware.
There is a sentiment behind Judge
Gray that probably no other Demo
crat can acquire, but, it is doubtful
whether the politicians would encour
age his candidacy.
It would not be strictly correct to
say that the movement in behalf of
Judge Parker, of New York, came
after that of all the other men whose
names itave been enumerated because
Judge Parker has had his supporters
all over the country since David B.
Hill wrecked Bird S. Color's cam
paign in Now York last fall; but it
is correct to say that Judge Parker's
chances have not. seeimed so bright
since he made his trip to thle South
a few weeks ago. The difficulty with
that trip was that it was overplayed
by some of the Sout horn p)oliticians,
w~ho desired to be0 known as original
Parker men. As a niatter of fact,
the trip of Judge Parker to thle Southl
was not a political trip at all.
It was mnade in obedience to an in
vitation extondl(ed to hiim, in his ca.
pacity of judge, a year beOfore by the
bar associatioin and hie weont South1,
not as a candidate for- the Presidency,
but as a judge of thbe highest court
in the Empire St ate. Leadling Dom-n
ocrats from (leorgia and Alabama
who closely watched Judge Parker
and hung oni his every word say that
the South erni visit wvas a frost. They
insist thlat he failed for even a minute
to drop the judicial erminme. It may
be that they aire engagedl in "'killing
off'' the judge, but it is a fact that
no0 spontaineous upjrisinig has followed
his excursion muto tile country whlere
Democrat ic nmajorit ies are ready
Now comes thle boomt for Gormain.
It may be ans short lived ans t he others.
On the other hand, it may continue
to grow. Gormaun's positiori (liffers
from that of all thi egoocrats who
hlave b)ee nmntioned~ for thle nom inaf
tion. Unlike Pa'irker and( Onuley, he0
rep)resents a D.eimocrat ic Stamte, wvhich
was ton from the lI pubbeiani col
umnis largely by his own efforts.
Unlike them all, hie is in the full
limelight of p)ublicity a the loader of
his party in thle Sonuat.o. TLhis may
b)0 a 1h0lp or a hinmdranmce, dlepend(ent
ent ir.oly on whet her he ins thle ap
p)roval or~ the d isappiroval of hais party
in the long faigh which is ahead of
the country in Congress this fall and
winter. He will also have the sup
port of most of the Democratic Sen.
ators, nearly all of whom can control
their State delegations to the na
tional convention. His friends think
he will start in with the delegations
from Maryland, Virginia, West Vir.
ginia, North Orrolina, South,Oarolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Mis
souri and Kentucky.
There is suspicion that David B.
Hill has been tampering with Indiana
in his own interests, but Gorman's
friends say that the Marylander has
made his peace with all the Senato.
rial friends of William J. Bryan,
such as Dubois, of Idaho, and Teller,
of Colorado. They, therefore, expect
to see him obtain the votes of all the
mountain States which have been
for the last. two Presidential oam
paigns dedicated to Populism.
There will undoubtedly be strong
opposition to the nomination of Sena
tor Gorman from different quarters
of the party. The Cleveland wor
shippers will never forgive hiria for
his quarrel with the White House
during the manipulation of the Wil
son bill by the Democrats under
Gorman's leadership in the Senate.
The low tariff Democrats will not
forget that it was Senator Gorman
who injected a large element of pro
tection into the Wilson bill. Hill
will hang on Gorman's flank and do
his best to defeat him. William J.
Bryan is almost as much opposed to
Gorman as he is to Hill or Cleveland,
notwithstanding the fact that it was
Gorman who raised him the money
with which he began his camprign
in 1896. All this opposition is a
very serious handicap.
Senator Gorman would be the best.
money raiser in the Democratic party,
and that is the reason why so many
of the practical politicians are in
favor of his nomination. It is be.
lieved by them that he could go into
Wall street and get from the great
financiers practically all the money
financial New York would put into
the campaign. He would naturally
get the support of many Republi
cans who have criticised Mr. Roose
velt's trust policy and was out loose
from him because of his connections
with the settlement of the coal strike.
There is stormy weather for Sena
tor Gorman at home, and he will
have to steer a careful course, or he
may injure his own chances and lose
his State. Maryland has a guberna
torial election on hand' this fall.
T1here is great rivalry between several
prominent Democrats for the nomi
nation. A mistake may result in
the election of a Republican Gover
nor. This would be a setback for
Senator Gorman, because if the State
wvent Rtep)ublican this fall it is not
likely that it could be considered
safely in the Democratic column
next year.
Maybinton News.
After a heated campaigni of phy
sical labor the farmers of this sectior
have conquered the grass and aboul
wond( up work for awhile, with fait
prospects for a crop.
At this writing some of the comn
mumty is needing rain, only a por
tion of it received rain on tihe 22nd
Quite a number of people havi
already felt the effects of the grea
loss that befell Riasor and Miller, o
WVhitmire, by the recent fire. It ii
to be hoped by their many oustomeri
that they will soon be in businesi
again. They certainly have been
friends to the surrounding commun
ity where help was needed, in par
they have been instrumental in re
dleeming the city of Whitmire.
The picnic on the 25th wa-s a suo.
cess. The table reminded some of
the older people that wvere there of
days gone by, as it was ladened witt.
the matny good things that the hos
pitality of Maybinton was noted fo,
years ago. The day was spent in
dacinimg at the hospitable home of
Mr. anid Mrs. ,J. B. Richards by the
young people, and the more retired
ones spent their time out under th<
shady oaks of 40 years standing. The
surroundling communities were rep
resented b)y bo0th old and young
Col. . S. Kaet the Sae, of .nre
and the king of cotton raisers wa
on the grounds to the (light of his
many friends.
Mauter John Hardy has returned
from Columbia to spend some time
with his father.
Miss Mlary Coliold has returned
from a most ploasant stit in Gromn
I see from your papir a lot being
said and done as to good roads,
but do 3 ou know thero are roads in
this part of No. 3 township that
hav'nt been worked inl two yoars?
Col. Aull, soine yearspast you didn't
hear the co-' plaint of had roads ta
you do now. Wht is the mattor? It
is just aIs impossiblo to havo good
roads under the present road laws
as it in to Iild cot ton factories with
out moneoy. Coipi'l evory mn iai lil
ble to road duty to pay $2 00 just
as you do your poll tax, thi levy a1
2 or 3 mill tax for road IrPosOs,
then work the roads ii oarly spring,
get the summor travel on them,
and in a few years ouith (arolina
will have roads to e prould of. I
am a tax pay4er bothl in Un0ion1 and
Newberry countiies and ani willing to
be taxed as ahove stated .i it. wont
amount to as inuch cost as tho wear
of wagons and n111ules. 'let, of
course, utilivo the chaingang just, -as
you do now, but by the additioi of
all 5 year prisoners. it.
Spreads Desolation Iy :rlghterting The
People Out of Their Wits and Scaring
A special to the News and Courier
from Beaufort of recent. dato says:
A Havannath antomn-biitt brought.
his machino here yost orday by t ainier
and tore about over the atroost witi
speed, filling wayfarors with terror
and conaternatioln itnd frighteinmg
horses, niles, oxen and an1Ials.
The first victin. was an innoceit and
unsuspecting dog, that was run over
and curtailed 'Ie'ni a buggy wan
smashed 1)) i territied horse and a
mule cart was demolished by the
fury of the onset.
The towii antliorileti moom doubt
fil of their powor to enforce the or
dinance, becaise thie orldilance
against fast, driving was enauct.od be
fore the invontion or ilt rod net ion of
autom1o) i le, and maiiy bo (imrectoll
only to vehicles propellod by horses,
mules or jackasses. It mity bo noe
ensary to call an extra seIssionl of
council to meet. t he emeirgey.
'This is t he Ii rst aut omiobi le ever
seen in Beau fort, and if thley' are
generally initroilucod and their speed
continues of Ilitinig velocity per
sons will have to prov idel t hieimselvies
with lightnlingl rodIs or Ii riarruis to
break the shocks.
Report.s ha lve) beni )1, pilihed of
the repeated horrors anddis'Iastlers
produced by these ienginies of ile
structioni to hiiiriiari as well as to
brute life, ainl it is horrible to wit
ness the inidif'ferenceo, if niot sat isfac
Lion thaut it sIleml tod gi ve' ih' recido lss
chaulTeu r wvhen hiel st rows t ,iori., il.
jury and multrder in t lhe patti of hlis
flying miachinie. Onie instinict ively
woniders if humiani natulre is hiot ill
spired at stich lioiits with ani eini'
tional irisanit y, or dioes nol t sharc
with thlie bru to s5Ome of t hose inl
stincts for tort uring and wound iig
victims11 for thei t onpoIdra ry gra ticae
I ion of a hIorrile sension1 Thl.
tiger and the IBritIish lionI , andt ovum
the rapacious great Amnerican eagle,
delight in inutilIat inig an1d to rtunringi
their prey before killing and11 eating~
it. The cat will pilay andi~ tort ure iti
rat or mouse before killig it. ot
right, and the butcher bird t akes ox
treme delight in impaling the tlie
and bugs and bultterflion1 with
splinter, and)1 sit upjon anl adIjoiningJ
branch or fence Jand watch th)e
writhings in agonty the inisects it hi
caught, aipparent ly for uno It othr ren
son1 t.han to gloat upon thlh- anuffer
ings and susRpense.
Ife the aultomobIlist happens to b,
a millionaire he not only escape
with his life aind his p)ocketblook un1
imlpaired1, but h6 in applauded for hi
gaudy equipment and flashing iivor:
and thbe verdict of a jury gives hii
the right of way.
It Is a Voluntary Act oa His Part and Not
Compulsory-,jemaIns as
a Director.
New York, August 4 --The resig
nation of Charles M. Schwab as
president of the United States Steel
Corporation was tendlered and ac
cepted at a meeting of the directors
today. William Eli Corey was unan
ituously elected his successor.
Mr. Schwab's resignation caused
no surprise in financial circles,
where it had for some time been
foreshadowed. The new president
was for years one of Andrew Carne
gie's able4t lieutenants and is now
president of the Carnegie Steel
Company, one of the United States
Steel Corporation. It is scarcely
more than a moni1 ago that Mr.
Corey was made assistant to the
president (Mr. Schwab) because of
the latter's continued ill health.
Mr. Schwiab attended today's
noetiig of tibo directors, coming to
town, it w .s said, for the especial
puriise. lie appeared to be in
good health and spirits and seemed
rather glad to be relieved of the
d(t les imposed on the chief executive
(f the "billion dollar" corporation.
of Mr. Schwab's resignation says ill
health was the cause, and continues:
"The oflice of chairman of the
board of directors was created and
E. H. Gary was elected to that po
sit.ion and will continue to devote his
eire time to the business of the
corporation. An advisory committee
to consist of three (lirectors, besides
the l)resident, to consider and make
recommendations concerning ques
tions of manufacturing, transportit
tion and operation, wias created and
E. C. Converso, William Edenborn
and 1). G. Ieid were elected as
inembers of this committee. Mr.
Schwab will continue to be a member
of the board of directors and of the
fiinanice committee."
"I W1ant to say that I think I have
bowti treated very unfairly by the
nowHi1rti in regard to the reasons
for iy retirement. A number of
rotsons, including this Anericin
shipbuilding matter, have been
givon for it, but none of them is true.
As a matter of fact the shipbuilding
(j10stion las Unover boon a subject of
disCssioi betwO0n myself and the
directors. On my return from
Europe six months ago I tried to get
Mr. Morgan and the dlirectors to ac
cept my resignation, but was unable
to do so. That does not look as if I
hand boen forced out. Later I ap
pealed to Mr. l"rick andl through
hjimn have finally succeeded in induc..
ing the directors to accept my resig
natIion. I am as dleeply intereste(d
in the United States .Steel Corpora
ioni as ever. I amn still t,he largest
stock{holder and renmaini as director
andi( member of the executive comn
mnitt ee. My retirement is on account.
of ill healt h--norvoniress. 1 have
boemn in had healthI for six months or
Mr. Schwab left his oilice after
mak inrg t.hit above statement. lie
madte a visit. to the Morgan b)anki[ng
house, arid it was said that lie wouldl
leave the city for his couintry home
in the early eiveinrg.
.1. I'. Morgan , dlepamrting from his
usual custom, mnado a staternent, as
follo ws, afteor the meet inig of the
st eel b oard:
"I1 deeply regret that the cond(itioni ,
of Mr. Schwab's health renders it
impossible for him to continue at the
head of the steel corporat non. HIis
loyalty to the interests ent rursted to
him cannoli(t be0 donbted, and from
the early days of the~ incept ion of
lie corporation lie gave to its forma..
t ion, unificat ion and dlevelopment
hiis unieqpial led poweris as an expert
in thle manufacture of steel.
"'I conisider that. in Mr. Corey the
directors have secured an eminently
c~omipetet successor to Mr. Schwab,
anid I am confident that the future
will prove this to be the case. In
fact, I think that today the stool
compafuny, ini all its branches, is in
trinsically in a stronger and better

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