OCR Interpretation

The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, September 04, 1903, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067777/1903-09-04/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

D) elopment of the South's Cotton Mill In
rests-Negroes can Not Raise Cotton
R. H. E dmouds, in the Mont hly ne
view of Reviews.
Owing to the fact that the negro,
as an independpnt or as a tenant
farmer, is not successful in produc
ing as good results in agriculture as
when, in slave days, his labor was di
rooted by the planter or an overseer,
much of his farming has been un
profitable to him, and at the same
time ruinous to the soil. He has not
understood the value of raising his
own foodstuffe. and as a yearly ten
ant, moving from place to place, he
has not bad much incentive to im
prove the sod, even if he had had
the knowledge. His work has, there.
fore, made him every year a less im*
portant factor in the production of
cotton. Absolute statistics of the
relative amount of cotton produced
by negro an- by white labor Vo not
obtainable, but everywhere tj -h
out the South, except in mc. m1s
similar to the Yazoo Delta, the
amount of cotton raised by negro Ia
bor in proportion to the wtole crop
is steadily declining. Such statis
ties as are available for a few dis
tricts bring this out very clearly.
Fifty years ago defenders of the
institution of slavery upon economic
grounds thought that the production
of certain staple crops of the South,
especially cotton, dependod abso
lutely upon the maintenance of
slavery. Their reasoning was that
the negro was necessary in the pro
duction of cotton, and that the bost.
results could be obtained from him
as a slave. Subsequtnt events have
demonstrated the fallacy of the argu
ment, even though the free negro
is not yet as efficient in agriculture
as was the slave under some one
else's direction. The actual work of
raising cotton was never exchwviively
/ in the hands of negroes. It. is cer
tain tha , e the passing of slavery
at t1at tuice im this particular
A bri(p a steady decline. This
gr*adingirstood in the South, but
prove are. In 1739, in an Eug
Of the c testimony was given to
ing thi "that cotton grows very
sider jeorgia, and can be raised
.e persons without the aid of
.es," and this hav been true ever
xe, though many writers not fami
liar with Southern conditions even
yet suppose that almost the entire
crop is raised by negroes.
The developme:it of the cotton inill
interests of the United States is indi
cated in the following figures:
la50 . 2 Z8,% 7ai 1,01 5 9'"
1550... .3,611,693 932 111 7c, 00,911 01,1 ,I,iN7
i IH'0... .4,035 -'98 12' 'X IN,'85.2913 I, N31 7 3
1510... (1,1231 571 l35.:1 9 4',7 11.9% 1i7,x ',7 9
I1't0... 0,7118 5111 17 1,11, 2' 8,4 - ' (11 9 '.0 J 313'
18j90... 3,185', 43 22 ,58S 3 1,S, i 1 ' 7,98',7 t
,i~ 9) 3 ..!91,0503,9 .1 302,8X' '17210,1 p : 3 t::i\ 20
.4 In 1 880 the S,uthI had 607,000)
5pind les, onut o f a t ot al oi I0,708,000,
htiind its capjit al inve'sted4 in Iet 3on1
fmaufacturinig was $21 ,00,00t -a
Yfraction over one teonrth of ihn eotilon
mill capital of t he count r-y. by 1800,
the number of spindles had inmcreased
'Ito 1,700,000, and the cap1italt to $01,
000,000, the caipital thou, being over
9one sixth of the total for the count ry,
and the South had then, for the fi rst
m,conm to be seriously regarded
asi a p',ssible domninant fact or ini cer
tain lines of cotton goods. 'rThe cont
sus of 1900 showed that in that year
the SouthI had 4,5)00,000) act1ive' sp)i1
dies and $1 12,000,000 of cottt tmillI
capital. At. the p,reont time th
South has, in round figures, a total
of about 8,000,00(0 spintdles, repro
flent ing ani investmnenat of bet woonu
$ 175 000,00(0 and $200,000,000.
wnly smr1 TO EImIIor'E?
While the largest. expantsiont of tihE
cotton mill indust ry is in i he sout bi
this (lees not mean the (decay3 of New
England's mill interests. There ii
room for growth ini both sections
certainly for New Enigland to main
Lain its present cot toni businessi by
steadly tendency toward the fines
products, even though most of thi
future growth should center i[n the
sonth. There are about 110,000,004
cotton spindles in the world, and
Ihre, f-mrtbs of ill the cotton used
by them comes from ihe cotton fields
of the south; but that section, with
all its progress, still has only 8,000,
000 spindles. The entire country
has only about 22,000,000. We are
still shipping to Europe over 00 per
cent of our raw cotton every year
almost as uneconomic as it woul( b'e
to ship our iron instead of turning
it into the finished product here. In
1900, there were 302,000 hands em
plo)ed in the cotton mills of this
country. On this basis the full util.
ization in our own mills of the 10,.
500,000 bales we now produce
would furnish employment to nearly
a million operatives. For the con
trol of this vast industry, employ
ing a million people, probably tvo
billions of capital, and pro(ucing
about $1,500,000,000 a year of
finished goods, the south is now be.
ginning to contend It is a prize
worthy the struggle, for it is enough
to enrich an empire. Add to the
$500,000,000 or $550,000,000, the
present valu of the cotton and seed
crop, the $1,500,000,000 as the value
of the finished product, and the
$125,000,000 as the present value of
the product of cotton seed oil mills,
and tho total of about $2,250,000,000
-merely, of course, a rough esti
mate in round figures-is the, daz
zling wealth which the south 1, by [lnt
ural advantages, Ias the right, to
claim and the certainty of eventually
When the wheat. crop or the corn
crop is b_olow the normal yield, in
part, at least, substitutes can be pro
vided, but for cotton there is no sub
stitute. After it has left the field,
it affords employment in its manu
facture to over a million operatives,
besides the hundreds of thousands
employed in the making of machin
ery and in other work connected
with this industry. The capital in
vested in the cotton manufacturing
interusts of the world has been esti
iated to exceed $2,000,000,000. The
world's production of cotton has
averaged, for the last six years, 13,
470,000 bales of 500 ;ounds each,
of which the south is now producing
an average of 10,023,000 bales,
or 75 per cent. The south is
now producing anti average of about
10,500,000 bales a year. The larg.
est crop which it ever raised was
11,274,840 bales in 1898; but, owing
to the very low prices tho p1revail
ing, its value was the smallest for
any' year since 1878. In that year
the yield wvas 5,074,155 bales, but
this gave to the cot ton planters of the
south $236,586,000, while the 11,
000,000) hale crop of twenty years
later brought $282,772,00t0.
Alabama Legislator fi-om Booker's Owi
Town Brings in 11111 to Take Away
State AId from is School.
Monitgomiery, Alat., Sepitemb,ler I
I prosenlat Li Wood0( introduiicOid in
tlbe A lad buma Legilavto ure t oi ay3 ai bill
whuich seeks to) take from the Tnske
gee Normaul School, of which Bookei
WVashing,,tonm is the head, the annnal
appiroplriationi or $1,500 which it re
ceivyes from t he State agricoItuiira
fund. Thel same bill seek-s also t<
dleprive the Negro Normal C~ol leg<
at Montgomery of $1 ,000) fronm the
esame source. Mr . Wood is a reSi
dlont of thle towni where the Tu'ske
gee school is located. The bill wi
referred to thle comminit tee on 'd uca
A mnan giving his namo as Frani
WVilb renor wont. to Haga more 1 Hii
Tuesrd ay n ight. andi inusist ed on secina
thle P'reidlent. lis attions were se
peoniliar andti hiis domuiiads to see thi
lPresident so inusist enit thait lie wa
lockedl up. Hte wals found to be full
arnimd. He was gi ven a preliminatsr
hearing Wednesday and said that h
went. to soe the Prasidlent to marr
his (laughter, Miss Alice. Hie sai
he had talked with the President an
it was all right, lie was turned ove
t.o the county authorities lHei
hn1)linvnel tn ha0 (1emaented
Macedonian Leaders Order a General Up
rising.-Gen Zontcheff and CQl
Jankoff at the Head of the
New Outbreak.
Sofia, Bulgaria, September 1.-The
Macedouian revolutionary leaders
awaited the anniversary of the Sul
tan's accession to proclaim the long
anticipattd general inurrection in
Northern Macedonia, the proclama
tion of which was issued today, signed
by all the members of the insurgent
general staff.
The new outbreak is headed by
the famous Macedonian leaders, Gen
Zontcheff, president of the Macedo
nian committee, and Col Jankoff,
who was wounded in the rising of
The new territory covers the dis
trict in the Valley of the Struma, at
the base of Rhodope Mountain chain,
and to the north of the River Var
dar. Col Jankoff is directing the
moveinents of the bands in the soutli
orn part. News of severe fighting is
still coming in. At the village of
Aruensi, after i (ay's fighting, the
Turkish troops in the night time
massacred the entire population of
-180 men and 200 women. The
Turks have also massacred the inhabi
tants of the village of Velei.
It. is reported that Hilmi Pasha,
the inspector general for Macedonia,
fears to leave his hoadquarters in the
Konak at Monastir. The insurgent
leador, rnell', iii a letter to Hilmi
Paslm, demandeuI that. lie prevent
the barbarous acts of the Turkish
soldiers and Bashi Bazouks, other
wise the revolntionists would ninassa
cro all the Turkish inhabitants. The
insurgents have occupied the moun
tamn pass of Gergele on the main line
f rom Salonica to Uskub, and Tur
kish troops have been sento dislodge
The town of Malkoternovo is re
ported to be in a state of anarchy,
the Turks plundering the houses and
committing unspeakable atrocities on
the women.
Mssina, Sicily, September 1.-The
United States cruisers Brooklyn and
San Francisco passed through the
Straits of Tessina at. 11.20 a. in. to
day, bound south. The semaphore
saluted the wiar ships, wishing them
good luck.
Constantinople, September 1.
The Porte has notified Minister
Leishman that five arrests have been
made at Beirut in connection with
the shooting which led1 to the rep)ort
that William C. Magelssen, the Uni
toed States vice and dleputy consul
there, had been assassinated.
The Turkish oflicials continue to
insist that no attempt was mnadle on
the vice consul's life and they reas
sort that the whole story originated
in feu-de-joie fired on thme occasion
of a nat ive marriage and in accor-d
anico with custom. Mr. Leishmain,
however, refuses to accept such an
QApinntat.ion without conclusive proof
that thle judicial investigation con
Washinigtoni, August 31.---ChekiL
I By, the TFurkush aminister, had ii
long interview todlay with Secretary
I lay. He refused to discuss th<
interview, stating that he had noth
ing to commiunIicatte further that'
what appeared in ihe AssociateodPresi
a dlispatchecs the previous minornng
After thle imntervi'ew Secretary Hiay
visited th1e( navy dlepartmient.
Chekib Boy assured Secret ar3
Hay tha. the Turkish Governmmen
lihad done nothing wrong and wvil
I use overy ende(1 aver to proteci
( Anmericani citins residing in Tur
>key. Hie also dlisonssedl the con
3 dlit ions (of the inisurrectioni m Turkey
s and1( salIid hat I ih Tuiirkish G4overn
nmont wa's noti responlsiblie for ammny 0:
y the. d1isa-ter ni h ,at had1( occured.
(i Secret ar Haiy's call upon Acting
y Secetary D)arling was for the pur
:1 pose of ascertainmog thle whoroabouti
cl of t.he FEuropean squadron, anid ala<
r wvhat t heir- orders are. There is nm
s intention of chlangi ng any ordlers a
preosent,, especially as the ships cani
not be reached until they arrive at
W ashington, Sept. 2.-The admin.
ietration has come to no decision re.
gardmg the disposition to be made
of the American warships which are
now sailing to Beirut. Whether the
Brooklyn and San Francisco will re
main in Turkish waters will depend
entirely upon the report which Min.
ister Leishian makes concerning the
si! n in Turkey and the necessity
whion exists.for warships to protect
American interests. It is expected
that the report of Minister Loishman
will receive the consideration of the
president before any determiintion is
reached. It is understood that Min
ister Leishman's complete report will
reach Washington about the time of
the arrival of the squadron inl Turk
ish waters.
Paul Morton, of the Atchison, Talks of
Foreign Roads.
Philadelphia Record.
Vice President Paul Morton, of
the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
Railway, who has just returnod from
an extended tour of Europo, makes
interesting coiparisious between
American railways anid those itbroad,
and sums up by saying that the for
mer gives the best service at the low
est rates of ainy railway tin the
world. Anong otlher lhings I
Tho servico yon roeeive while
travelling does not, begin to conipare
with the pullnman service. A guard
answers the place of conducitor and
porter, ano one roller towel at, the
end of each cir is stipposed to ne
commodate all the passengers. Tho
American people, ats now e(ucated,
simply would not put uip with the
facilities that the Continental t rav
ollers get on their "t rain do Iuxe."'
Ini many of tie trains the only
way you can get towels, 1oap and
other toilet accommnodationts is bjy
patronizing the nickel-in the slot, ina
chines. These machines are in th
lavatories on the trains. In Ger.
many, for 20 pfennigs you will draw
out of these machines a towel about
tle size and thickness of an ordinary
piece of wriing paper and a cike of
soap about the size of an American
dollar. I am certainly not oxaggerat
ing when I sey that ihe towel you
get is not any thicker or as large i
the ordinary American napkiin. I
is intended to be throwvn taway aifteu
you use it.
The passenger rates arVo very muel
higher all over 1?urope than the)
are in the United States, the aiverag<
rate por mile being between 1 anid
cents. Sleeping car chalrgosl ari
much higher and1( in a good mnilly o)
the counitries they atllow j:n free bag
gage lit all. In F'lrnco which i;
the most liberal of thien lill, t he:
aillow onily i)6 piounds. Th is is abou
one-thbird of that allowed ini t.heUnite<
States. The Amonricani tourist cai
figure on payinig for excess balggag
33 per cct. of what, his ticket cos
Th'le employees of rilIroads ari
very poorly paid, I believe 1 Iar
safe in saying thait. engiineers, liro
mnen, condulictors, and1( rail way emt
p)loyees genlerailly earnt only aboi
one( lhalf thie mon01ey abroadl for poi
forrming more wvork t,hani the 511am
class of workmn receive ini t.hi
Fromn close observaition of t Ii
trnsport.at.ion g nest ion, I am11 satie
find4: thalt the AmInerican people1 re
ceivo more comfort aund het ter faici
ities in every way for less nmne
than thosei ini anly I'uiropean coluntr)
and that b)oth paissenger rid freigli
rates in the United St ates arne 33
por cet.t cheaper t hanr t hose aibroa:
while the employees or Amlerica:
rail road(s receive iln wages nearlI
twice as muttch astti1)1 pa1id to siii
wvorkmn inl Elnrope.
A I ( yeair-oldl boy was killed dut
ing a dramaitic pierformnice imn lii
>rminghami. D)urinig the play13 blan1
>cartridges woero fi redl and1 th rough
mist ake a bullet ini one revolv(
Some Striking Resemblances In Their )
Careers and Some More Strik- d
ing Differences.
St Louis Republic. 0
Republican protectionist papers do 1
not fancy the Republic's recent cita- i
tion of a passage from a speech of 0
John C. Calhoun. Mr Theodure
Roosevelt's career, if these papers in
sist on barating Calhoun, may be
contrasted with that of the Caro- d
linian, who was State Legislator, Con n
grossman, Secretary of War, Vice v
President and Senator. In several u
features these careers bor striking i
resemblances, which make the point '
of divergence and antithesis but the h
stronger. The mno rose in rank
through not dissimilar gradations;
Roosevelt serving as police commis- i
sioner and Governor, where Calhoun
caine up by way of the South Caro
hi Legislature and Congress, and
Roosevelt being assistant Secretary c
of the Navy, whoreas Calhoun had (
hold the portfolio of war. Thus they I
caine into he Vice Presi(lency by
almost parallel paths.
Then occurs the striking compari i
son and counter thesis-thence the t
two young men carried the banners
of success to opposite peaks, Roose
volt to the peak of ambition, Calhoun
to the pinnacle of principle and
Thoso 'oareers approached great
climaxes inlhe sa e mariner, and t he
clinaxes occurreil when each aspiraint,
had attainod tihe Vice Presidency and V
was seeking election to the supremo
posit. Tile crucial momients arrived 0
under similar circumstances and in.
volved like states of facts. Identical
issues were presented for decision. v
Action hinged upon the same consid- t
orations. In either case fidelity to i
principle involvedi a sacrifice of polit- t
ical opportunity.
Up to the time of the crisis which
called for his supreme fortitude Cal.
houti's success had been undisturbed;
esteem, afrection and renown had
boon his inl great abundance; through.
out, the country his popularity was
lippormost; with the politicians he
was in high favor, no breaches hav
ing occurred. The Presidency fairly
waited to drop in his lap. Then
caine the hour of trial, when charac
ter arnd purpose were put to the test
of firo. The tariff Act of 1828 was
on passage-the "bi'l of abomma
tions." Politicians had taught the
1)0o1p10 to cry "protection" on behalf
of special manufactures and moneyed
interests, and those interests were
making capital out of the popular
clamor. The tariff Act was specially
designed for their benefit. Calhoun
knew it and perceived that it was an
attempt to mulct the people, but lie
knew equally well that to fight it
would be to incur the full tide of a
sectional displeasure and the hatred
of cap)ital ists and( p)oliticians. Disas
ter and the end( of p)olitical advance
menit confronted him. He made a
clean fight. "Protection, indeed!"
lhe cried. "Call it tribute, levy, ex
act ion, nmnopoly, plundler!'" lie had
counted the cost anid biore the death
Iof his aims philosophically. Malice,
Nlanider anid uncharitableness caine
upon01 him in torrents, anid he only
remuark(ed calmly that ''le who acts
honest.ly seems to he the greatest do
How dlid Mr Roosevelt face this
crisis ? lHe had often shouted t.hat
he wvould "(lie for'' principle. How
did he face the issue when it was
fairly presented last year?
" 'Shackle the trusts!'' lie haSd cried,
andi had loudly proclaimed against
-a perverted [prot ection wh ich sheltered
the trusts. He had led the people
to bielieve the revision would 1)e hi
Sweapon against the trusts. Observe
Ithat t lhe peopl)e( were against thmeoxist
ing ordier of tairiffs--they were riot
bieseochinig hel p for the p)rivilog4(d
~,maiiufacturers, as they had done in
r. (alhiouni's t imn. Th'le people wvere~
readhy to starnd solidly at lloosevelt's
b)ack., should lie defy the monopoly
'. anid p)arty alliance arid make a clean
-stantd for his p)rinciples and pledges.
k WVhat wvould .Johir C. (Calhioun have
a doneJi under' ihe circurnistances? WV ha,
r did1 Mr R'osevelt?
I is manninili was ambimon his
oal was the PrsIdne , 1oand ho
)und the t rits andl(I party leadors
locking his pit h, crying "Staid aInld
oliver!" fie yielted his principle to
1e political higlhwa men. It was a
Jmpromise and a moral collapse.
'he results are patent. "Revision
i not a remedy," Mr. Roosevelt de.
lared in his December message.
'he trusts woro no longer to be
shackled;" the shelterig schedules
ore not to be disturbed to the trusts'
amage. Tho trusts anid politiciansi
o lIonger block tho path. ir. RHoose
elt complacently continues his way
p the mountain-lbut principle and
delity and fearlossness shall tnot be
rrit large in his history, as in tle
istory of John C. Calhoun.
ems of More or Less Interest Condensed
In the State.
The first balo of the now cotton
rop rocoived in Norfolk was froin
iio, S. C. It brougliht 15 oents a
Messrs. N. G. Evans and S. Mc
lo.van Simkinls, of 'Idgofiold, have
nounced themselves for olicitor of
heir circuit in the race next year.
Prof. J. M. Balvin, who was
iorn in Columbia, has resigloil the
hair of psycholgy at Prinvoton to
cept, the chair (of Jhlilosoly)' and
1sychology at Johni Ilopkins.
Chief if IPoico )aly of Co11ihbia
vai on boarl a t mme whieb
vilt inl col litin wit h) 111ot hvor fi(emllr
[I jHam-pt,onl ItotIs oil Miiivity. N1
no was fatally injurod. Chief l)aly
Ias stunned for a Imn.
A cargo of Ohre hundrOd tos of
vhale Ilmat, hits ben shippod from'ii
he Erie basin to ChIarlestoi to b
ised il the Charloston fortilizor fte
ories to prepare the Southern cotton
ields to pro:lue bigger crops.
The dwelling of Mr. limury Cri
ler at St. Matthows mwIs st ruk by
ightning this wok and burn1ed.
several other building inl t ie neigh
)orhood were set ,onl firo by the
ightning. There were no fatal
A two millioni d(Ollar coIMany has
>een formed to Iiwolop th e water
>owers in and airoimd Grooknville for
ho purpose of driving Ile lund1reds
>f factorios inl the Piodimot. The
apitpl stmk of the comuny i ,
)00,0. 'The details are nolt yet.
Conlstab)le J1. T1. T1homiauson at
R{ock 1Hill ranled the hlouse of (Gabe
Blowdeni, colored, for whIiiskey, arnd
got into trouble with thle female
mnembers of Bowdon's family. The
30onstable 51ays tien wollioni aissaulted
him. The o1(1 ngo~( satys t hat. the
sonistall whipd th1)( Ile wo miiinu for no(
aanI15. Thiornassor i was arrested( an ii
then the nlegro 's daumghteI r was ar
rested, and1( bothI have b een re leased
oni bond.
Slow Trinms to G;reenivhill..
A proint CIIizeni of (Ireeniville
hats filed the following compl'aaint ini
the~ oflice of thle railroad ionuiisiri
in Columbia:
"'For thle past eightoon11101 moths tho
Coh lumia and (ireenivil le train No
i i has1 run froin twenty miinitos to
twvo hours l ate, averaging p)rob)aly3
fifty niIt.uinu late. M oat of thle <do
lay, 1 iundlerstiiand, comesi' from wait
ang 0on the Chia rlsat on conethit' on.
CJan not your b)ody linfluenlce thle rauil -
roads to leave CJharlest on at 6.30(
a. mi. instead of 7 81), or' leave Coluni
bin at 1 2.-to11and reach GroonIvillie at
5.'25, so t hat every piasseriger on that11
train overy (day in t he year', wouhlt
niot Jose one hou11r, abisol utoly thIirown:
away I"
Secretary D)nnean hats taken the
matter uip withI Superinitndeuit P'. I.
WVellastand thiis nitttr of lat e tratins
will beC rmneidied1 if poslsibile.
It is reported froms Xenezuola that
harrsh injustice is tbeinug moed out. to
foreigners wvho present cliaimis against
Venezuela T1hie hatred of foreigners
hia gone to such an extreme that a
gibboet was erected onl thie streets of
onie of the p)rinIcipal cities on which
wvas hung an ofligy rep)reseniting a
tems of More or Less Interest Condensed
Outside the State.
Andy Montgomery, 117 yents old,
he olde.A negro in Georgia, died in
Atlanta on Tuesday.
A negro was hanged at Richmond,
Va., on Wednesday for an attempted
19sault upon a white woman.
The international arbitralors at
he Hague are in session on some
3laiins of the Venezuelan govern
An Austrian steamer was blown
ip on route Burgas to Constantinople
)n Wednesday, twenty-nine persons
tosing their lives.
Three men working in a sower in
Nlilwaukee, Wis., two white fuld one
'olored, wore suffocated by soweor
Yas on Tuesday.
The engagement has been an
[lounced of Miss May Gooblet, a rich
American girl of Newport, R. I., and
Lhe Duike of Roxburgho.
'Judge J. C Ellis, one of the best
known lawyers of western Kansas,
1ied at his home at Pratt after hav
ing gone 37 days without food, fol
lowing a theory that fasting is a cure
for indigestion.
TIhe peoplo of Shawneetown, Ill.,
went to the jail Tuesday morning to
lynch a negro who had assaulted a
white wvoman, but, the umob was held
at bay by the sheriff and finally dis
A terrific hail storm swept over
Virginia the early part of the week.
In Appomattox alone it destroyed a
million tobacco plants. The storm
swept Amhorst, Nelson, Appomattox,
and Charlotte couniies.
A teacher of a negro school in Now
Hoads, La., was killed Monday night
while riding along a road horseback.
The negro teacher had been making
spovches tending to incito the niegroes
against the whites.
Th( romains of Lord Salisbury
woro interred oil Ni onday besido
those of his wife in the burial
ground of the Cecils at Hatfield.
The only floral tributo on the coffin
was a wreath sont by Queen Alexin
A tihroe days' Biblo conference,
uIidler the auspicos of the conmittoo
of the John C. Martin educationil
fund, was held in Atlanta this week.
The fund 1s used to promi1ote the ed-.
ucation of negro preachers througout
the South.
Owing to lack of wind there have
booni nio yacht races since the second
vist ory of the Realiance over the Shamn
rock ill1., though there have been
several attempts ini which the Ameri.
cani boat has walked away with the
A t ai recenit mootinig of the creditors
of t he Oliver ltofiing (Jo., of Nor
folk, Va. , which recently failed for a
quallrter of a il Ilion dollars, the
brothers of thle president of the coin
paniy ollered to assume all liabilitie e
andic pay one0 hunirdred thousand (tol
lars cash dlown.
TIhe members of the New York
Yacht club hav.e called for a popular
subiscript ion for a silver service to 1)0
presented to Sir Thomias LipJtoni. It
is dlesiredl th!at the subscript ion be
nationmal and the service willI be pre..
seinted ini the nme of the people of
the United States.
Satu rday miorning when the officers
of Fortress Monroe discovered than
five prisoners had (escaped sentinois
wero placed at guard over all the
cells. Notwithstanding thim, on Sun
(lay night private V alentine, who was
in solitary confinement, made his
escape from the fort.
Seven directors of a Newark, N. .J.,
trolley line andl four of the highest
oflicials have boen indicted in the
courts oif New Jersey for manslaugh..
ter, the crime charged against them
being that seven high school students
of Newark wore killed in a collision
of one of their cars with a railroad
train. The arrest of the oflicials
followed the coroner's verdict fixing
the respon:;ioility on the trolley corm

xml | txt