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THE OH ANGEBURG TIMES.
ISSUED KVEUY FHIDAY MORNINO MKIdd<:ilAMP& KMYAUUS. Proprietors. STILES II. MELLICH AMT Editor. Terms of Siibscviption? One Copy one Year.$1 00 " " Sir Month*. 75 -:<): Rales of Advertising. One Square. 1/?/ Tnxcrtion.$1 00 Each Subsequent " . 50 Notices inserted in Ijocal Column at 20c per Line. All Subscriptions and Transient Advert itC' ?fttcntt to be paid for in Advance. 7K5"" We are in no way responsible for the viewB or opinions of our Correspond FRIDAY, FEBUARY~! 3. i880. ~ The Nobiiily of Lubor. In the early nges of ihc woild the laborer was held in low estimation, and given the most degraded position hi the scale of humanity. The feu dal lord Iron ted his serfs and vassals as inferiors in ? very respect, and they ?were made subject, in every way , to bis will. And, unfortunately, oven in the present day, such ideas arc linger ing amongst us. But it is it cheering sign that a vast improvement is gradually taking place in this rcsptcL As the minds of men become more expanded things appear in their true light and broader and more correct views rue held on all subjects. The truth is that tho true lord is the laborer. Iiis hard labor and caincst toil moves the world. His brawny arm and sunburnt face are better badges of honor than the crowns of princes. It is a cheering fact, that honest labor no longer de grades one in the eyes of those whose esteem is worth having. Tho station no longer makes the man, but the man ihc station Not is labor alono ennobling, but it is self satisfying. The ruddy checks, the strong muscle, and the sweet rest of the honest toiler are blessings ibr which millionaires would .gue their treasures, and kings even their crowns. CO l (Oil itlillH. The information acquired by a ? stall'correspondent of the Ken s ami 'Courier in reference to Cotton Mills 'in Carolina, and published in that [paper on Tuesday is valuable and ?encouraging to our people. From a review of the subject made by the editor, we make a few quota tions which we hope may stir the citizens of Orangeburg County on this matter. We have heard the frequent cry that investments in factories don't pay, but we think the Jesuits of the investigation prove to the contrary. "The 17 cotton factories in South Carolina have a capital of $2,288, COO. They have passed through a period of depressions which the whole country has know n, and are now enjoying the benefits of a reviv al of business. But it is a remark able circumstance, bearing out all that we claim as to the superior ad vantage of a cotton producing .State for manufacturing purposes, that they have bteadily made money, and that, despite the shrinkage of values and the lower cost of machinery, every dollar invested in them as capital is now worth more than a dollar and a quarter. In other words, their capital of two million and n quarter of dollars is represented to day by property which is worth, at the actual market rate, nearly three millions of dollars. The profits of the factories, exclud ing the Westminister Mill, where the Clement Attachment is used, have ranged from 18 to per cent, it year upon the capital employed. This has been accomplished under most unfavoinblc circumstances " The above shows the value of such investments to individual capitalists. 18 to 25 per cent, is as good interest nu any one could expect on his capi tab l>ut the advantage in building up the Slate und puttiug us on an equality in material prospects with the Northern manufacturing States are of greater C'Jticcrn to the public. It is known that the raw material is now worth about 10 cents, but after it id converted into yarn it will bo worth 22 cents per pound. The seventeen factories consume in South Carolina about bMJOOO bales of cotton at 10 cents it pound; this is worth about $1,621,000 in tho raw state. In yarns or manufactured material the game would be .vorth about $3, )0o,? 000. This shows how much addition al wealth factories give to tho State; and in building up the State of course we build up the individuals compos ing the State. In Iho language of the News and Gourcr. "Cotton manufacturing in South Carolina, without in any way affect ing the profits of the producer, will make fortunes and build up large cities and thriving towns, with happy and intelligent populations, in this State, instead of giving these things, at the expense of the South, to the people of New England." It is said that temporary exemption from taxation has been of great hone I fit to the factories. We think it would he the height of folly for the State to tax those enterprises for I many years to come, because it is in this way that the wealth of the State is increased, and increased wealth j will give increased revenue. If wo would think less of politics, and ?'o more Io increase our wealth as a people, we would do greater ser vice to our country. Wealth brings everything else in its train. Registration. Gov. Simpson has sent a message to i the Legislature urging the passage of a registration law. lie says nothing of ihc cdutatiotnl qualification pro posed by the Neics and Courier. As far as can he judged from present in dications the sentiment of the mem bers seems to be against this qualifi cation. It is likely therefore, if any action at all is taken in the matter, it will be nothing more than the passage of a plain registration law, and such action we think very necessary if fair and honest elections arc desired. '1 lie IjCgiM.adiri'. This body is. now in session, but as yet tin definite action has been taken as to the errors in the Supply Bill. Bills are coining in as lagt hs hail stones, but there seems to be a dispo sition to finish the business and come home. As soon as the Supply Bill is rectified we suppose the Registration Bill and otlur matters will be dis cussed. -mmm ? "O. ? Gen. M. W. Gary was serenaded at the Charleston Hotel on last Friday night by the citizens of C harleston. At the appointed hour a largo con course of people assembled to bear this distinguished representative of Kdgefield. About <S o'clock nficr the Helicon Band had dispensed t In most inspiring music tho tall form of the "Old Bald Eagle" appeared leaning on the arm of AI tier man White. He discoursed eloquently amiably lot about an hour on tjues lions of finance and education, and was tre.picnily and loudly applauded. He made no allusion whatever to the difficulties between himself and Sena tor Hampton, except saying that he had borne a great deal of ruisieprdi lation for the good of the party, and was willing to bear more* His speech was regarded as mode rate, and was well received. He was followed by Speaker SUsppiU'd and Col. Farley in short addresses. General 11. G. Wortliington, the notorious carpet-bagger, whose name is so familiar in these parts, baa turned up in Washington and is writing a secret history ot reconstruc tion ili South Carolina. Here is one sentence of his philiipic on Honest .lohn Patterson : "He is the foulest and blackest cliaiacter iu all human experience or contemplation,and is as false as Pro teus, as treacherous as Ingo, as cow nrdly as C)mbclit.e, us avaricious as Sltyleck, n-j mendacious as Annanias, as treasonable us Benedict Arnold, as leeheious as Frank Moses," Now if, in turn, Patten on will write up Worthiugton, and Cor hin will write up .Moses, and Moses will write up Corbin, and Cor bin, Cham berlain, wo will have a rich ami racy book, and we warrant it will sell well. The boys in Charleston sent a pe tition to the City Council praying a withdrawal of the proclamation of (he Mayor prohibiting the running of velocipedes on the streets An ani mated discussion ensued, participated in by the Mayor and several mem bers of Council, and the rights of tho boys were thoroughly weighed. Fi nally the nuttier was left to the May or who promised to give the boys a fair showing, ami allow them to use their ve'oc pi des, if they would not run races < n the principal thorough fares. Gen. Giant has come down from his high horsn. Ho insists no longer on a unanimous nomination, but j will t?ke it, like any other man, if ho ] can get it. J I' orUctf ITuhIic?! Trial Justices. Fork of Kdisto, Feb. 10, 18S0. Editor (>ru!Kjtbur) Times: "The Midnight Lino" entirely mis represented me in your last week's issue 1 did not nB.sume to speak ibr tho Legislature, although that body i3 not infallible, and should bespok en of or for whenever it commits an orror, or omits to pass the best laws lor tho people. 1 did not say that "Trial Justices were a nuisance," al though I believo in some instances they are. I did not then repudiate them universally, although I do bo now. What I did say and here reiterate, was that we get along bettor ! without them than with them. Wheu | 1 used tho personal pronoun "wo" I used it in reference, more particu larly to this locality. If however my knowledge and observation count lor anything, the masses of the people of the whole Ft rk, both white ami colored, do not want any Trial Jus tices at all, in the Fork at least. It cannot be inferred from this that the people "desire to rid the State of law courts, jails, penitentiaries etc," un less a vivid imagination such as, "Tho Midnight Id no" has perhaps, should constitute Trial Justices all of these. We have always found that the farther removed Trial .1 us!ices were fiotn us the better it was for in Such has been the experience of th is Town - ship at all events. Within a cir cuniference of live, or six miles of every Trial Justice there has always been more or less useless acd harm ful litigation. Not so muc h amongst the whites as the blacks. The color ed people in the County, as a class are uneducated, and given to petty jeal ousies ami feuds amongst themselves. They do not comprehend or appre ciate the. Ioms of iiin.0 and baneful in fluencesattendant upon courts of law. They do not uiiilerstand that uo mat ter who gains or loses the legal point, is a loser anyhow. They do not understand that the law should be a I dernier report to settle all cases which j cannot possibly be settled otherwise. I They are easily tempted. We all can be tempted?if wc could not, why did our Savior pray "lead u.s not into temptation." A dispute arises in the neighborhood about some trivial m*tt ter; criminations and recriminations ' follow. A Trial Justice being near ! at band the ng: rieved \ arty repairs to ; him, lodges his complaint, and a ca.-?e j is made out. There are perhaps a j dozen sympathizers on cither side in the shape of family connections, and as many more witnesses. A day is appointed for trial, perhaps a week ahead. The constable rides around several days summons ng jurymen and witnesses. There is a great ?Iis play of trumpets. In the mean time demoralization runs riot throughout the neighborhood. The shovel and the hue are laid down. The day ar rives. The court dons her ermine, or t in the absence of.the real loya, uses I pingiuattc airs as a substitute. The trial comes off, and a great deal of hard swearing is done. The jury re turn their verdict?one dollar's dam ages and costs of the court, perhaps twenty or thirty dollars A great deal of time has been consumed?a great deal of farm work left undone. There has been much ado about noth ing, and why ? All because l'eter cursed John, which you know was I very w.cked in l'eter, and he should not have done so. We do not object to I rial Justices simply because they are Trial Justices. We onjeet to them oil account of the oflices which they perform. They are allowed too much latitude He want no law court with jurisdiction to try any case a single whit nearer than the Court House. Without assuming to speak lor the Legislature and thereby offending "Tho Midnight Line," I would suggest an Inferior Court to bo held monthly, at the Court House, presided over by a I'is did Judge. This would obviate the necessity lur Trial Justit es, und miti gate the letnpta ions anil facilities for litigation. It would no doubt save many a tlo'lar to the State, the farm er, merchant, doctor, and all. The jet ring suggestion about send ing me tu the next Legislature has la-en noted ami thankfully roceived, When it becomes necessary to pun ish in; for iuv lu-sdeeds I hope ihe ' people will be more lenient than to send me to such a place to piopitiate my sins. I do not know ' The Midnight. Line"?ha\o had no clue as to who he is. but there is an old adage which savs something about shakes' taiU, and I w ill venture the assertion, from what little 1 have seen of his, that he cither is or has been a Trial Justice, and I challenge him to deuy tho g cntlo accusation. Paysan. olm SELLIN? OFF AND CLOSING OUT AND HEAYI GOODS Butterick Patterns?New Styles. White Shuttle Sewing* Machine HENRY KOHN ESTATE NOTICE. AH pursoos having claims against the Estate ?>i" VV*. H. (ilovei deceased, will pre sent the miiio properly attested, and thoi*e Indebted to said Kalatv will make payment to J. II. HOOK", Administrator, Jannarv 2J/th 18S0. feh i) ' 2 Sout )i CatrolLn;* Hail Ro:i,<l ' I*nH9on*7cr Ocpnrtiuant CHANQB OF KCDPnfl.r. On and after Nov. SOth. 1870. Passenger Train* on this Road will ran an follow* : (till farther orders.) ooiHO t'.utr. Leave Columbia at.-t 1'? P M. Arrive at Camden at.M 1* " Lcare Orangoburg.r> 10 " Ar rivo at Charleston.9 SO " OOIKO WEST. Leave Charleston at. 7 Ol A M. heave Oraugehurg at. 0 f?S ?' Leave Caniden at. 7 00 ?' Arrire at Colnmhia at.11 .r>0 " Way Freight and Passsoger Trains. ooino KAMT. * Leave Colnmhia. ? .10 A M Arriv-t at Cainden. 1 ?'?> P M Leave Orangeburg.'??17 A M ft reheat ? narlesini*. 2 15 P M " Augusta. OOIXU WK!TT *#J-cavc Charleston. 'j 00 A M Augusta. s no " Oraiigelmrg. 1 17 P M Arrive at Columbia. 3 It7 " 5 f" Passengers leaving Colnmhia or'f'har leston on these trains have to change com at P.rntichvillc to reach Charleston at 2 1"> p m oi Columbia at ?"> :'7 p in. Night Express Train, Glli KU# LAST Leave Columbia. 9 30 P M ?? Orangeburg. 1 20 A M Arrive at Atij^u ta . S '.'."> **j " Charhstu:i. ? oO " ooino WtST Leave Charleston. U 00 P M " Augusta. 7 40 " " Orangeburg. 2 48 A M Arrive at Columbia. ti 50 " New York Express GOING EIST Leave Orangeburg .-. 5 17 A M Arrive at Augusta.- 9 24 '? ooino w?SY Leave Augusta. 4 OD P M Arrive at Orangeburg. 9 67 " Tbc uight Express Train? will run daily. AM other trains will run daily except Sun days. Sleeping Cars are attached to Night Express. Iterths ouly $1 GO to Charleston or Augusta. This train makes sure con nections at Charleston with New York and IL.Itimore Steamers on Wednesdays and Saturdays, also with Florida Steamers on Tuesdays and Saturday*, aL-o with 7 a ni I tram S \ C Hail road for Savannah and Morula Points. Connections made by other trains at Augusta with train** from and to that point, also with all Iraius from and to Charleston. 1) C ALLEN, ti P A T A. JOHN R PECK, (uiural Supt. A JJ L>tSACS.Sl'KE, Agt Columbia, Horses! Horses!! I will reoo'iTO on Sunday Fob. 1st 1880, a CAR L0ADJI0RSES. IM ill ti I no keep ooiiMtanilj on hand, during the Season, a well aeloct ? ted stock of IK) KS ICS ami MULES at PKICKS lo Sllil the times. Thoso needing STUCK; will do well H> call at MY STA BT,KS CINCINNATI I'll E A TO N S and UUCKilES, alway* on hand. Satisfaction guaranteed. B, Franli Sin fcer. nov 'I \ .r>m PHIVATK s.-a*;. A [louse with J Uooms and Itaacment with fire Places Piax/.a with a large Lot .'?7 ft. Front by :t(k> ft. deep; fioming <>n 3 streets; hoalthy locution. Tonus easy. Apply to T. C. Ill"ItUi;Lb, Auctioneer. <? R \ I'lOS The undersigned nflers "o the public gen erally * ?N K THOUSAND *\ RA PK V1 N KM, a lai?*e number of choice fruit trees, and a cl nice lot of flowers < f every variety. Also, will make up find arrange Flower Hardens. All of the above warranted to ive satisfaction,, or no pay required. Jan.V If A. J'n'llPAK. Farming Implements! Consisting of PLOW STOCKS, PLOWS, HOES, SHOVELS, SPADES, Sec. And a complete Stock of TT A T)T?\F A T>17 OUN3. PISTOI? CUTLERY. roWDKR Xl.i\.lvlJ >T xVLvl% SHOT, CAPS, CARTRIDGES, *c. fi>?y- All of the above GOODS n il! he sold nt OLD PRICES notwiiliHtandinj: the recent ADVANCE on all articles in tin? :inovc line. Af>o The Light Pwiinning Remington Sewig Machiia The REST ana thof-IlKAPEST Setrin? Machin. manufacture*!. of all kiuc?a in my line done at the shortcut poiwilde notic?. i.? I6; nm. P. G. CANNON. OF GEO. H. (ORNELSON The 1*N1)KUSIG> KI) would r*?pectfulhr inform the Pl'HLIC that he in every day rt 'c'w lug LARGE ADDITIONS To hi< alreatlv LARGE STOCK, in a'l the tlitTerent HRAXCIIES. anil tliat the same I will he disposed of at huidd ??.MOTTO." ''LA ROE S A LI'S and SJALL PROFITS." 1 am ti'iht receiving now and ha vain Storo, thu following popular RRAND8 of Manure* : ETI WAN GUANO, ATLANTIC FERTILIZER, ATLANTIC ACID, KAM IT or POTASH SALT Whirh will beaoM at LOWEST PRICK*. I have also he?ii appointed .IGENT for J. li\ ,A very's & Sons, Louisville, Ky. (The LARGEST PLOW and WAGON MANUFACTORY i? the World) and hare received a lot of their 0.5 K, TWO :ind THREE HORSE WAGONS, aho PLOWS. Give nte a call and see lor vourvclrc?. C?KO. II. CORXELSON. .A CHANGE ] OF BUSINESS Tlic undersigned would Respectful ly inform ihe citizens of this mid adjoining Counties,that he has given up merchandizing in order to give his wl ole attention to BUITINa STOIK FOR THIS MABKET Will arrive the coming week a large lot of line Harness and Saddle HORSES which will he offered at very reasonable prices. Having many years experience in the above business I feel confident of giving full satisfaction to every ono who favors ine with their patronage. W. M. SAIN, At the Old Stand. A UCTIOX K K K 8 5 <? , T. (\ 3IUBBKI \i Wild. ATI KM) TO THK S.W.KS of Real K-lale, Personal Pioperly. &c , Pub lic or Private. Hiiainitw ent runted to hitn will lie promptly attended to. Oraueehiiri,', So. C.i., Pec. Int IS79. iiuv 'i?8 1*70. HORSE SIIOKINC;. The undersigned bus- opened nt the old eland, opposite. Mr. J. P. Hrrley, where he j is prepared tu ?b> all kinks of work in the The Black smith Liiif<\ Such *u Horse-shoeing, making plows and I Repairing-thiggici and Wagons. I All work vmrantvil to give satisfaction. jan9 3m WU, HOW JELL, a Mayor's < Mlioo, 0U ANGKBUU( i, Jan. 28, > 18S0. . The following Orders aro hereby extend cd for the government of the /'olice Force: 1. Jan. I'aim "M is hereby appointed Chief .War dial, anil will_be'obeyed and respected accordingly. 2. 'The Chief ; Marshal will have charge of the 1 'f>lice force, and will he held re .-ponsible fur their actions, unless reported t<> the Mayor. *. It will be the duty of the Chief Mar? shal to give tho', tuen under his control llnir respective beats, orders, instructions A"., and to h*c that they are eartied out, nnd that no Ordinance is violated by.their inattention or favoritism. 4, It shall be the duty of the Chief Mar shal and Day men to. make their rospoctive rounds at least once a night. Iteport nil neglect uf I.uni'-, inattention to duty, ab sence front Post <tc .*>. ?)n anil after this date the! use of LltjL't'KS while on "duty is strictly pro hibited, and :he Chief .Marshal ishereby ordered to remove fromJPost, any membrr of the Foree under the inilneacc of l.iipior, and report same to the Mayor. The Chief Marshal will report all aianbers ot the Force refusing to obey orders. 7. The Marshals aro expected t<* walk their respective beats. Sitting iuStorcaor iloer ?tees will be discontinued. No. Mar shal k.'will^ v isit .-tons, J>'ar-Rooms, or priv ate Yards, or Re.iidem.-UH without being specially sent fer or callsd on, V. The ChW Mnr-hal will Instruct thoso mule! Lim to hold no conversation With any uae ether than pertain- io their business as Marshals. 0. Smoking while on iUiy duty will l>o d it.conti imcd 10. A cheerful compliance with thuso order* will, gain for I lie Police Force the rtspeel and willing obedience of the com munity,) a refined to comply wwill bo visited bv t|ie strictest peiiallies J. W. M08EI.EY, Mayor. Attest : t . R. JONKS..Cb?jrk. leb G JH MO? UJ>." Mrs. ?7. Oak man, having occupied the com in >d ions residence of Cnpt. F. II. W. Kl'igguianu on Amelia street, will accom modate a low Hoarder**. RatSI resffOBsble ud ?ari<-f*?etion filar ?? **tee<l.