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The Orangeburg democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1879-1881, January 10, 1879, Image 1

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! The Orangeburk^ Democrat,
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"Vol. I. OBANGEBUKG, Si C, FBIDAYi JANUARY lO, 1879. 2>To. 2.
j-?-???JIM ,L, |mj iiimm mmnui Li ? ._'_ _?_
SHERIDAN & SIMS,' Proprietors.
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Jol> [Printing
That one Btory is good until anoth
er is told, and not much longer, is il
lustrated to some extent iu the matter
of the South Carolina election. Upon
a very flimsy foundation of fact, erect
ed by partizan correspondents, Mr.
Blaice built up his wholesale charges
of the disfranchiscment of the negroes
by fraud and the consequent capture
of two or three Congressional Dis
tricts by the South Carolina Demo
crats. The whole thing had a shaky
appearance, by reason of the discred
itable character of the few witnesses
whose names were given by the cor
respondents sent down South "to
write up" the outrages for partizan
journals. We have wondered that so
little has been elicited from the other
side?the accused party?in refer
erence to matters of such grave im
port. Through the enterprise of the
New York Herald this defaiilt exists
no longer. That journal printed re
cently four columns of reports from
Democratic sources, covering the
whole ground pretty fully if not in due
detail. That these, too, are partizan
pictures of the election goes without
saying, but they have the merit of
being accompanied by responsible
names, and they are worth notice as a
part of the record of the Democratic
case now under consideration by the
Teller committee.
The alleged Charleston frauds are
considered by Mr. O'Connor, the
Democratic Representative elect from
that District. He makes very clear
that, so far from abridging the rights
of the negro voter by their rearangc
ment of the polls, the Demdcrats in
fact facilitated the work of voting for
all and greatly diminished the oppor
tunity for fraud. The importantfaot/
>? is. pointed out that Mackcv, his Re-.
a*.publican opponent, was.?ln.*faet, do
Bfl^'1'"11'11' io?^B?M
against which Mackey*s charges lie.
From Rainey's district, from which
Richardson was returned elected, the
reports are more conclusive and sat
isfactory. The Republican Circuit
Judge in a very dispassionate letter
concedes the fair defeat of the candi
date of his part}', gives good reasons
why he and many other Republicans
worked and voted against him, and
bears testimony to the fact that there
was an.honest election, a fair count
and no violence. This witness lives
in Marlboro County, but evidence to
the same effect is published from the
Circuit Judge resident in Sumtcr (the
only county in which violence is said
to have occurred,) and from Horry,
Georgetown and Marion. It seems
that Rainey did not even make a can
vass of these counties, failed to send
tickets to others, and it wns generally
understood among the colored people
that he had taken his family.to Con
necticut and expected to make that
State his future home.
From Smalls' district no report is
made. Perhaps one is yet to come,
for further explanation of the large
Democratic majority is needed, not
withstanding the notorious bad char
acter of the Republican candidates.
. The true character of this dofence
is scarcely given with sufficient
clearness in this summary. A great
deal.lies in the specifications of Re
publican disaffection and tho causes
thereof.' Wben the colored people
had such cause for deserting their
party the presumption that Demo
cratic triumph was secured by intimi
dation and fraud is, to say the least,
violent and unnecessary. Giving
them credit for even less than aver
age intelligence, it must be supposed
that Wade Hampton's fair and eco
nomical administration of the State
government must have shown them
that Democratic rule was not the ter
rible thing that, under the teaching
of the carpeUbaggers, their fancy
had painted. Frbift the duy Of Appo
mattox until now the negro was
never so protected from violence as
under that administration. His vani
ty was never so fed by political asso
ciation with his former owner. The
difference between tho last tax under
Chamberlain and the last; tux under
? Hampton was ten mills on the dollar,
making a total reduction in taxation
cf $35,000 for the county of Sumtcr
alone, and so on over the State. The
poor negro no loi.gcr had to pay for
the fast horses, Brussels etlrpets, dia- \
mond breastpins and gilded spoons of:
their Columbia task-masters out of the i
paltry proceeds of a little patch of j
cotton in a woods clearing. More
over, under the new regime, whilo
equality and economy went hand in
hand, education shed its beneficent
influence over the State as never be
fore. The average yearly school at
tendance under Republican adminis
tration for seven years was 37,429
white and 4G,<181 colored ; under two
years of Democratic administration
it was 50,281 while and 59,03G color
ed, and the Democrats have been
paying ofT a debt of 8185,000 to
teachers, incurred by Republican per
version of school funds.
Such facts as these could be re
hearsed by the column and no belter
reasons for a change of party allegi
ance could be asked. It is no won
der that the negro turned upon the
party that had betrayed his touching
confidence. The only wonder is that
the Democrats found it necessary to
commit a single fraud or to incur the
slightest suspicion of fraud in order to
swell the majority in fuvor of an ad
ministration like Wade Hampton's
after eight years cf Scott, Moses aud
Chamberlain.?Ph HadeIph ia Timvs.
A Bad Example Followed.
Without known precedent, and cer
tainly contrary to both the letter and
the spirit of tho organic law, the Gov
ernor of Massachusetts, lion. Elex
ander Hamilton Rice, dropped his
ministerial character and ? took the
responsibility of inquiring into the
motives of Governor Hampton, of
South Carolina, in uttering a requisi
tion for one Kimpton, a fugitive from
justice. This judicial inquiry was
the first false step, and it had to be :
followed by others, of course. The
motives were found to be political,
and the requisition was dishonored, <
an act as disgraceful as it was illegal, i
In spirit it sought to establish a
State right that Alexander Hamil|g>n 1
wouldyhave scorned tb consider, and <
wh'jch the' mo.st'advanced Democrat ,
?v&ii&'C{ilx*iiv't\ti ?appfoVeft,.-*i-3i'VtL*r n \
time Kimpton:saw What a bad. blun
der had been made, and be surrender
ed himself to the authorities of Soulh
Carolina, and had Governor Rice ac
knowledged his error no harm would
have followed his decision of this case.
But the precedent wa9 set and Urn
order was not revoked. Pretty soon
Massachusetts sent for two criminals
who had fled from the l4Ba_ StaU"
to "Little Rhody," and, although
Governor Variz'andt was willing to
honor the requisitions of Governor
Rice, he thought it best to inform
that official that he questioned his
motives and would first investigate
them. Meanwhile the scoundrels es
caped Ihc clutches of the police and
are still at large. Nor did the bad
example rest here, for recently Gov
ernor llartianft sent requisitions to
the Chief Magistrate of a Western
State for some persons charged with
high crimes and misdemeanors who
had lied from the jurisdiction of
Pennsylvania, aud they arc yet unno
ticed or unanswered, because General
Cullom, the Governor of Illinois,
"questions the motives" of Governor
Ilartranft, and will first inquire into
the cases of the allcdgcd criminals
before he delivers them up to the
watching and waiting ''minions of the
law from Pennsylvania." And there
is no telling where this dangerous
practice will slop unless some one
brings the cuso bofory the Supreme
Court of the United Slates for final
settlement.?Philudelphij Enquirer.
A Romantic Murder Case.
The Supreme Court of the United
States is engaged in hearing the case
ofPryorN. Colemao, of Tennessee,
which is one of the most remarkable
on record. It seems that during the
war he committed an atrocious mur
der, for which he was about to be
executed by the Federal military,
when the Confederates made an at
tack and stopped it. He asked and
was granted leave to go into battle,
and fought with such desperate gal
lantry that nothing more was said of
taking his life. After tho war a
State Court found him guilty of mur
der in the first degree, and the Su
preme Court of Tennessee refused to
set aside the decision. His case is
now before the United Stales Su
preme Court, and ex-Senator Footc,
who is his counsel, hepes that as this
court has always been liberal in con
struing the law that man's life shall
not be twice placed in jeopardy for
the same offense, he will be able to
get Goleumn clear.
The following is tho declaration of
principles which were pasted by the
National Grange last week :
"We, tho members of the National
Grange, desiring to de line the precise
objceis of the Order of Patrons of
Husbandly, and place them before
the membership of the order through
out the Union, do hereby set forth
tho following proposition with our
distinct declaration of purpose rela
ting thereto:
Tho iudustry upon which our or
der is based is agriculture?the most
important of all industries?the foun
dation and support of all others?the
true basis of all our national prosper
ity. Wo have observed the condi
lion of our people and viewed with
alarm t'ae encroachments upon their
natural rights. While agriculture is
the chief source of all wealth and
therefore deserving of at least equal
recognition with other vocations, it
is deprived of its just rewards and
oppressed by methods of law. It is
made to bear grievous burdens not
its own, it is compelled to pd} taxes
which an equitable distribution would
place elsewhere; it is forced by
wicked combinations to hurtful dis
criminations against its products
both in transportation and in the
marts of sale ; its votaries have been
and are now denied that considera
tion in public affairs to which the
magnitude and importance of their
calling entitle them. The laws of
the nation and of the several States
aie so framed as to divert from our
industry the rewards which arc the
great incentives to toil, and an earn
est remoustrance against their injus
lice spurned.
In view of these truths, we are ?
bound, in defence of our manhogd,.'to *j
assert our rights, and we therefore,
Jec'.arS our unidtentbl?; Jp/J^osft toJ".
emnncipaYt! ''agncullurc~lrbm the'bur
dens unjustly heaped upon it, and the
means by which we shall seek to se
curo the desirable ends.
1. We shall strive earnestly, with
in and without our order, to extend
the benefits of education, winch shull
comprise knowledge of public aflairs
and methods of self-government.
2. Wc shall demand admission in
the Legislatures of the several States,
and iu both houses of the National
Congress, for representatives of agt i- j
culture chosen directly from its vo- j
taries, as the only means of relief.
3. We shall decoul to other indus
tries all the rights, privileges and
immunities, whieli we claim for our
own, and join with their representa
tives in earnest endeavors to impress
upon the government of the Stales
and nations habits of wise economy
and frugality as essential to the thrift
and prosperity of all the people.
4. Wc shall give constant care and
attention to the public schools, which
the youth of the nation are deeply
interested in, limiting expenditures
therefor only by their usefulness,
striving always for that higher and
practicable enlightenment which
should become the distinguishing
feature of a free people.
After the above had been adopted
the following was also presented and
passed :
In accordance with the above ob
jects of our organization, anil the
methods by which they aro to be ob
tained, we pledge our unyielding de
votion to the work mirked out. We
believe the principles enunciated in
our declaration are in full accord
with the highest welfare of our coun-1
try, and that they deserve support, j
especially by all farmers. Tho his
tory of agriculture on this continent
shows Hint no organization in its be
half has ever been attempted without
direct effort on the part of those who
prey upon its products to neutralize
the work ; and the lessons of tho past
establish the conviction that our only
hope is in full and cordial co-opera
tion of farmers wherever located, to
insure success which is within their
Wc appeal, therefore, to good men
and women, whoso interests aro our
own, to join their cubits with ours,
confident, that, with their support we
shall not wait long for the consum
mation of bur hopes'. Wc appeal to
the agricultural journals of tho land,
asking their great influence in aid of
the above object, as a potent means
for the at'ainincnt of a great object.
To theso forces and to the iulelli
genco of our people- we present the
purposes which animate manj thous
ands of farmers in every Stat^ of our
Union, and' reverently trust-in the
direction of tho wiso Providence by
whose decrco wo were made tillers of
the soil, that our efforts may be re
warded by tho full accomplishment of I
the measures which justice demands
in tho relief an industry oppressed
and the higher enlightenments of its*
_. i
Donominalional Progress in ^1878.
The fever of revivalism whim ran
over the country after the great meet
ings opened in Brooklyn j eome
yea18 ago by Moody and Sankoy has
been dying cut year by 3' ar\ until
almost every trace of it disappeared
the past year. Tho evangelists |
worked more quietly in New England
towns last winter, though notT fruit
lessly, while for the present "winter
they have separated. The churches
however, have not been idle, atul the
results of the year in the accession
of new members arc, perhabu, not
surpassed by those of any -fcf the
previous four years. Tho 1 Prot
estant Episcopal Church bus-} been
ere is
e va
unusually prosperous, and ha
such an increase as to reach
overrun by 12,000 the very reejheeta
blc number of 300,000 commun^anls
Of the most populous denomin
the Methodist Episcopal ChurclU has
had about '?he usual increase, a&d so
with the Presbyterians and Baptists.
The Lutherans, as a German coVninu
nity, have been adding rapidfly to
their numbers in the past few weara.
The highest estimate of their present
strength is over 800,000. Thj
scarcely an exception among tl
:ious denominations, large and ijmall,
to the rule of increase of comilnuni
cants. The efforts at paying ofs long
standing and oppressive church
have becji^cuntkiucd;' too, and 4nany
congregations.. have been f , e>.?Jftoin
troubled -uw; -,brm? 1 ??. <^.rf8>??? nl^i-,
perhaps, been less of church building
than in former years, but there are
good reasons for regarding this as in
dicative of prudence and healthful
progress, and not of a decline of
church enterprise. Th ;. disposition
to build large and showy churches
upon credit is, happily, passing away,
but the erection of plain and cheap
buildings in the far West and in neg
lected communities furnishes oppor
tunity for a practical benevolence
which several denominational socie
ties are bus}' in dispensing.?New
York Times.
Forfeited Lands.
The Act recently passed by the
General Assembly, in relation to
lands forfeited to the Slate for non
payment of taxes, is one containing
extremely liberal terms to those who
have allowed their lands to become
forfeited und who have not yet re
deemed them.
It is more than likely that the
opportunity allowed, under tho act
alluded lo, will be tho last chance
defaulters will have to redeem, aud
those interested will do well to care
fully consider the terms of said Act.
The second section postpones all
sales of forfeited lands which have
not yet been made unlil the first
Monday in September, 1871), and
allows the privilege of redemption to
run until that time, in which period
all defaulters are permitted to pay
only one half of the simple tax of
1870, 1877 and 1878, without any
costs or penalties, and on their doing
so their lands are restored lo ihetu.
The third section of the Act pro
vides that defaulters may redeem
their lands until tho 31st day of Oc
tober, 1879, by the same terms, pro
vided however only, in case they
have not been sold between that pe
riod and the first Monday in Septem
ber previous.
It would not bo well for any, there
fore, to risk further delay in redeem
ing them the last of August, as a sale
after that time aiight bo ordered and
the lands sold to some persons who
would not be as liberalto the default
ers as the Stato.
Section lour provides thnt pay
ment, on account of lorToitod lands,
shall be with National Hank notes,
U. S. Treasury notes, gold or silver
Section live provides that in all
cases where taxes have been paid for
the years 1870 and 1877 on lands
forfeited for previous years, such
payment shall bo taken and held to
have redeemed such lands.
Washington, December 2G.?A
bill is in process of preparation hav
ing for its object minority representa
tion in Congiess, and will probably
be introduced in the IIouso soon after
the reassemblago of Congress. It
proposes to have tho Legislature of
each State, after the apportionment
of tho next census, to redistrict the
Stale, that the minority may be enti
tled to lepresentation. The plan
proposed is an ingenious one, and if
in force at the last election would
havo secured from the South over
thirty Republican members, twenty
of whom would have been colored
men, while, on the other hand, the
Democrats would havo gained a cor
responding number i s the North.
By this plan, if carried out at the
the next election, the Democrats will
have a small majority, but all parts
of the country alike will be represent
ed by Republicans as well as Demo
crats. The plan is to so divide each
Stale into districts that the districts
may, as far as possible, be settled to
elect cither three or live members
each, thus permitting the majority of
voters to elect two out of three or
three out of live. In case the dis
trict is entitled to three representa
tives each, the electors can vote for
two candidates and no more. In
case the district is entitled to live
representatives each, the electors can
vote for three candidates, and no
more. Where the State is entitled
to two representatives only, as in the
case of Florida and Rhode Island, it
is to be divided into two districts,
each electing one member, as at [ res
ent, as in this case a majority and
minority representation would be im
possible. Ill all cases where there is
no odd representative, after the State
has been dividc^ftfl nearly as possiblo
lui'o" trial nets 10"Hue "i-epi'casrsr.vA.t- fc'y
three or live members, a separate dis
trict is to be set apart for this repre
sentative, who is elected as at present.
The effect of this bill will be to
l reak up the solid South and secure
lu the colored people a repieseutalive
in Congress. It is argued that if it
were passed it would remove the ob
jections raised bv Senator Blainc to
tho present unequal representation
of the colored people of the South.
It is not expected that the bill will
pass the present sessiou of Congress,
but it will be introduced to attract
public attention and excite public
discuss on on the subject, preparatory
to its rcintroduction at the next Con
Against Duelling.
Wc learn that the persons from
South Carolina who came over into
North Carolina to li^lit a duel re
cently will bo indicted by a Mecklen
burg court. That is right, and Gov
ernor Vance should demand the ren
dition of lite persons implicated.
Let our courts put its seal of empha
tic condemnation on the foolish
dm ling code. Mecklenburg authori
ties arc expected to do their duty in
regard to the alfair mentioned, and
maintain the dignity of our laws and
respect due the Slate. If two or
three negroes or white men get into
a little tusselling scrimmage, or
"list and skull" light, the whole force
of the State (in law) h brought
against them, and the same should
be done against the young gentlemen
from South Carolina who came .into
this county and violated our laws.?
Charlotte Democrat.
Goon Manners at Home.?Shut ev
ery door after you without slamming
it. Never stamp, jump or run in the
house. Never call to persons up
stairs or in the next room ; if you
wish to speak to them go quietly to
where they are. Always speak kind
ly and politely to the servants, if you
would havo them do the same to you.
When told to do or not to do a thing
by either parent, never ask why you
should or should not do it. Tell of
your own fauits, but not of those of
your brothers or sisters. Carefully
clean the mud and snow from your
boots or shoes before entering the
house. Never sit down at the table
or in the parlor with dirty hands or
tumbled hair. Never interrupt any
conversation, but wait patiently for
your turn to tpoak. Never reserve
your good manners for strangers, but
be equally polite at home and abroad.
Important Order.
The following important order was
issued from the Comptroller Gener
al's olllce yesterday. It will be mail
ed to the various County Auditois
and Treasure)s within the next week :
To all County Auditors aud Treasur
In pursuance of legislation upon
the subject instruction has been here
tofore given you to treat all tenders
of bills Bank of the State and cou.
pons for taxes as nulllies, and to pro
ceed to distrain or levy and sell in
every case unless slopped by injunc
tion of the courts iu that particular
In cases of injunotion report the
fact to this olllce to the end that the
Attorney General may be called upon
to represent the State.
Since this instruction was given an
act lo facilitate collection of taxes
have been passed, the third section
of which provides, "That in all cases
iu which any person against whom
any taxes stand charged, upon the
books of any County Treasurer of
he Slate has heretofore tendered in
payment of the same any funds* our
rency or bank bids olher than such
as the said Treasurer was authorized
to receive by the act of the General
Assembly levying said taxes, the
said Treasurer shall receive from
such person the said taxes without
penally in funds or moneys author
ized lo bo received by Ihc act of the
Geneial Assembly levying the same :
PltoviDED, That buch taxes shall be
so paid within sixty days from the
passage of this act; and any person
so paying in the same may do so un
der protest, and thereupon shall be
entitled to all the benefits of the rem
edy provided in section 1 of this act.."
You are instructed to construe the
words "without penalty" in tho sec
tion quoted to iuclude all charges
for costs or penalties proper.
a You v/;I} also postpone the delin
been tendered for sixty daya from
December 21,1878, tho date of the
appioval of the said act, giving due
notice of the same ; after which you
will proceed to advertise and sell as
first instructed.
Johnson IIagjod,
Comptroller General.
A Word cf Warning.
What a virtue is candor! It is a
rare endowment, and yet when pos
sessed and practiced it makes a life
beautiful indeed. Men sometimes
talks sunshine to 3'our face, and
growl thunder behind your back.
When you meet them 30U are led lo
believe, from their polite attentions,
that they arc true friends?that )rour
interests, your reputation, your soul's
peace and your joy, are all safe in
their keeping. Be iiOl too confident.
Sometimes the smooth talker is a
rough neighbor. Of course you have
your faults, your infirmities; every
ouc has. But you prefer that when
these weaknesses are mentioned at
! all, it shall be lo yourself, and onlv
yourself, and not to anot! er. You
little dream* sometimes, how readily
the least deflection from the line of a
lettered regularity, your more play
ful concession, a half-said apology
for a wrong you inwardly prayed for
righting, has been caught up, repeat
ed and lorn into a grave moral delin
quency. Beware of your con (Mings
even among believers. Tho hawks
arc on the wing. Buzzards swoop
the air of heaven.
A Small Boy on Christmas.?
Ryder's boy has written the follow
ing composition on the subject of
Christmas: "Christmascomes every
year and it is the best day in the year
exceplin* fourth of July which is a
belter day to fire off guns and pistols
Hookey fired otf an old gun one fourth
of July ami it kicked him agin a
hidrant and an awful bunch growed
on his head aud he didn't know much
for two bouts Christmas is the best
lime to get presents my sister Lucy
hung up her stockin and j put a mud
tin tie in it and she was fearful mud
you bet if my aunt Rachel should
hang up her stockin it would
hold a dump cart full of things Wil
liam Bradshaw eat so much Candy
and puddin ono Christmas that bis
folks had to put him in a gravo after
hot died I should like to see old Dud
le}' the truant ollhcr in a grave and
so would nil tho boys I should like to
have it Christmas aud fourth of july
all the time.
wade hampton's fahkwell to tu*
general assembly,
Columbia Dec. 8tb.?Tbt follow
ing communication was received from
Governor Hampton, and read in bottr
Houses, and placed on the journals:
To tho Jlonorub'e the Senate and
House oj Representatives;
Gentlemen?I had hoped to he
able to see and thank each of my
friends of the General Assembly in
person for the many acta of kinduese
of which I havo been the constant
recipient at their hands. Providence
white denying roe this great pleasure
has vouchascd to mo the reasonable
hope that I may in the future be ablo
to do so. But on this, the eve of
your adjournment, which will be tbe
severance of my intimate official con
nection with you, I feel impelled to
address to you a word of farewell*
Your flattering selection of me a9
Senator iu the Congres3of the United
Slates is only one mote mark ot the>
contidence and esteem .which I have
so often experienced at your hands,
and which bus been a never ceasing
comfort and support te we in ray
hour of success or of trouble. That
I may be able in the future to merit
it as fully as I have in the past re
ceived it, ia my highest hope.
Asking that God, in His mercy,
may bestow His choicest blessings on
each and every one of you>, I am sin
cerely ami affectionately your friend
and fellow citizen, Wade-Hamptch.
Five Thousand Dollars Found*
A treasure up a tree was seen fn
the watches of the night by a pedler,
who wasfsleepir g in a farm house In
the Shenandoah Valley. He told his
dream to the farmer the next morn"
ing, and on three successive nights!
he had the same vision. - Thou fx
prevailed on the farmer to accompi^
ny him to^^rest, where be pointe.
rehtiy' sSo^SS^^^HBP
twenty feet up a limb had been bro-i'
ken off. The farmer did not feel like
humoring what he supposed to be &
superstitious whim, but tbe old fellow
seemed to have confidence in his Vis
ion, and offered him one-half tho
spoils if he would help him cut down
the tree. When the tree fell there
was a rattle of coin near where the
limb had been broken off, and a sraalfi
hollow was found there. By a little
chopping a larger cavity was found
and within was a mass of silver.
Both seemed wild with delight, and
on counting up fonnd that the prfie
amounted to 85,000. The pedler ex
pressed his unwillingness to carry
around so much silver in his pocket,
and inquired where he would be like
ly to get greenbacks for his share.
The farmer having considerable
money' in his house, immediately
transferred to the peddler 52,500 in
paper and took charge of the entire
lot of silver. The pedler disappeared
and when his piutner attempted to
pass some of the silver, lo f it va*
counterfeit. He was the victim of a
gang of coiners.?Lynchburg Virgin
Full Mourning.
A Philadelphia clergyman, Rev*
Mr. McLcod, contends that there is
neither health, sense nor religion iu
full mourning. He tolls hia congre
gation that a bit of black ribbon,
worn in some way, will tell the story
of bereavement just as welt as a com
plete mourning suit. A bit of crape
on the bell-pull gives the hint to thoso
who pass by, and it is not considered
uecessary to cover tbe whole front
with black drappery. Why, then,
will not a bit of ribbon on coat or
cloak answer the purpose, aud a
weight of useless expense and a cue*
lorn that ia always gloomy and, ita
warm weather, very uncomfortable,
be taken from the shoulders of bereav
ed mourners? Christians, ho is con
vinced, ought not to take a gL-Msy
view of death. There are glorious
hopes linked with the sorrows, and
the hopes of those who are gone be
fore should be symbolised rather than
the sorrows of thoso who are left be
hind. He would have cheerful gar
ments worn by mourners in token-of
the triumph of the gtori?ed ones,
and a bit of ribbon or erapo as a
simple memorial of their own sensu
of bereavement. The rest of the full
mourning ho would send to tho heath
en, who in their sorrow at thu giavtt
, havo uo hope.

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