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The Orangeburg democrat. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1879-1881, January 17, 1879, Image 1

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SHERIDAN & SIMS, Proprietors.
One Year.$l.?O
Six Months.K.......i......1.00
Mlulstora of the Gospel.1.00
First Instertlon......,.?$l .0?
Each Subsequent-Insertion..!.50
Liberal contracts made fur 3 mouths
and over.
JOXi OT1> leJit'
POMONA "?niPia' '
fteroarka made bet?re (be Pomona
Grange- at Its |ast session^ by; report
tu* Messrs: H?rpln ftiggs and W. T.
Muller, committee of the Grange. ,
I baiT hoped thut^t?o unfavorable
wekttier aWl the evening hour" would
excuse tho remarks intended for Ibis
occasion, but at your call' V obey leav
ing the crude thoughts, scntteringly
thrown out to bo collected aud ap
propriated as'you may 'deem best. !
This gathering of the farmers with
theiy-wives .from the different Sections
of tho county is_ono of the best fea
tures of the Grange system, giving
an opportunity-doc .a free exchange
of thought, a community of interest
and, a sociability,, the perfection of
wtiich is manifest in the gathering
about the board as witnessed but an
hour since. No where else, or under
any other influences could so much
enjoyment be-hador bo nidch of hu
man virtue be displayed by the mem
bers of a community than within.{be
walls of a Grange room, or under the.,
influences brought to bear uppu our
conduct by the Grange system. Oili
er gatherings and festivals, while they
are enjoyable and profitable in a high
degree,lack that organized commnnity
of interest which is so prominently a
feature in this system. Theie the
tatlor and unscrupulous have' every
opportunity to magnify :i fault, or
defame a virtue^ here wc uro taught
to love r1 neighbor with all Iiis faults
and upon the principle of candor to
correct his errors ; jtboce, the unprin
cipled^ unwliipped save by conscience,
can appropriate the contributions of
a friend to his own selfish enjoyment,
here the principle of honor controls
the social board securing the pleas
> ures of the festival alike to rich and.
poor; there the visitor listens to hear
and goes away, to criticise, but here
instruction is given and knowledge
acquired to the mutual improvement
of; the lowest as ' well as the high-st
_inembcr. ? Indeed so pure are tjie ^mo
tives and so powerful are the influ
ences for good that every man and
woman ought to become a Gran cr,
if for no other purpose than to give
and to receive information And dn
tiammellcd by the cohventionablics
of society to enjoy the sociability of
these festive occasions.
By a candid exchange of thought,
schemes might be devised and plans
put in execution which .would make
the Granger independent of the world
and ; unaffected by ? the depressing
changes incident upon '"what is famil
iarly known as hard times. Organi-.
zation in farming is the same as any
other vocation and will result as cer
tainly in ultimate success here as
elsewhere. In a farming communi
ty there is no need for hard times.
Your profession is a quiet and peace
ful one, and these two qualities alone
are the firmest foundation upon
which material prosperity ? may be
built. The vicissitudes of trade and
the hazard of speculation find no
place in a farmer's life, but its earn
est pursuit and its gradual gain must
and will accumulate a fortune to re
ward his labor: There arc but few
legitimate causes to pvoducc hard
times with a skilled and industrious
farmer. War may devastate Iiis
country, lay his home, in ruins and
blight his fields, entailing upon him
all the baleful elfects of hard limes.
Of this cause we have had a sad expe
rience resulting in debts that have
crippled the farmer in his operations
and almost indefinitely prolonged
the season of returning prosperity.
The thousands of. dollars, actual
working capital, which were destroy
ed as a measure of war, the thousands
as a necessity of war, and ^till the
thousands more expended in buiLdiug
up the burned homes and-' wasted
fields, impoverished the farmer by
forcing him to accumulate debts
from which he has never ;been able
to extricate himself. A general fail
ure of crops throughout a large scopo
of territory j'miay living buffering
and even pestilence, ten fohl more
disastrous than tho worst phase of
hard times. Of this cause wc have had
no experience. Our fields have yielded
abundantly of tho best crops planted.
Our labors have been rewarded, not
in dollars it may be, but in bales of
fleecy cotton. Indeed* so prolific lias
been tho fruitage that the cotton crop
has exhibited the marvelous increase
from throe and a'half millions to more
than five million bales in a little more
than half a score of years. Tho cot
ton fields have swallowed the corn,
the wheat and the rice fields, have
trespassed unwarrantably upon the
potato and oat patches and have even
dared to enter upon, the ,well fortified
?grounds o( ^Indam'e vegetable gar
den..-- The'face of the earth in many
sections shows broad acres of cotton
and narrow stripe, of corn ? huge gin
houses with costly machinery attach
ed, and small corn cribs with dolapi
daled stock houses and loan worVtim
inials. rho' whole j)rcsen?ipg :he ap
pearance of a country that raises but
a~?3higje c$rop from which, is^tb ^^sub
sisted tub entire.life of the farm und
cancel aueuorinous tax and debt
besides.. '..
11* there be an impossibility in the
scientific world, I can conceive of
nothing more dcservjmgly entitled to
Ilm'name than the power of un expen
sive crop like cotton, selling at a low
price, to meet the demands of a tax
and debt burdened community. It
must result eventually in all the dis
appointments and suffering of hard
times. In Europe where a single
crop is raised, a failure is disastrous,
and if there be repeated failures, un
told suffering among the 'laboring
classes must result, and rebound at
lust upon the other industries involv
ing the whole population in a common
ruin by unsettling values and forcing
money holders to coffer the' currency.
Such seems to be very nearly the
condition of a portion of that couutry
at the present time. It ought not to
be so in a country like ours where
every conceivable crop may be raised
to make the farmer independent of the
outside world,-but with the cotton
crop absorbing all others the farmer
has reversed the natural order of
things and makes himself a buyer in
stead of a seller?begging a price for
his propucc instead of demaneling it.
The result of this Ts, the cotton plan
ter buys bis corn from Illinois in
stead of producing it in his own field,
buys bis bacon from Kentucky in
stead of raising it in his own pastures,
buys his sugar and syrup from Cuba
instead' of l^biliug it on his own
.premises, buys his teas from China
instead of cultivating it in his own
gardens, buys bi<> shodd}', silks and
calicos from Yaukeedom instead of
manufactutirig it in his own county
of bis own cotton, buys his wagons
and buggies from Cincinnati instead
of from Doyle, Uiggs or Wiles, lu
deoil every dollar his labor produces
is sent abroad to support and enrich
other hu: els and people anil to im
poverish bis own. No wonder debts
accumulate and the cry of hard limes
ta heard in the land.
There is something radically wrong
here to be corrected by other lessons
of a more bitter experience than the
past has been. With such a climate,
country and soil as this, with such
intelligence to control them and such
energy to utilize them as we possess
every farmer ought to be a banker
wita his barns and pastures as banks
and his produce and animals his
stock in trade, a capital that would
not be liable to the fluctuations of
currency or trade, and that would
bid defiance to the depressions of the
For a nation to grow rich it must
export more perishable values than it
imports, so if a farmer he must sell
more than he buys, he must produce
more than he consumes and what he
buys, buy at home. If you wish to
drive the cry of hard limes out of the
land and court the presence of the
Goddess of Peace and Plenty let our
farmers become home sellers, not for
eign buyers.
t ?_ _
A Love Story.
\ , .... . ? , , . \ :> 'til!
A will, revealing among other
things glimpses of a love story, has
gone to probate in Eric .County, Pa.
It consists simply of a letter from the
elcad man to his brother. He had a
sweetheart named "Susey," butSusey
used to be seen now and then with a
nother fellow, whom the jealous lover
describes as "that galont." "If I
find Susey with that guleut of hers,"
he writes, "I swear by the halter that
shall hang me she shall never enjoy
hi r." The letter proceeds with :
?'Give my love to Lldcy W?," who
was neither his sister nor his cousin,
but apparently another sweetheart.
Indeed, he seems to have bad many
a sweetheart, for he adds carelessly,
"and all the rcsl." Hut "Susey" was
best loved, for he concludes with
saying : "Ma tho Lord bless you all,
and pardon tho deeds I have in con
| temptation."
At the late meeting of the South
Carolina Conference in Newberry
very full and satisfactory reports weie
sent up by all the churches under its
ecclesiastical - jurisdiction. The II
I nancinl standing of the different con
gregations, which is the proper test
of Christian charity, is- much more
favorable than for several years, the
total collections within the bounds of
the conference footing up an increase
of more than fifteen thousand dollars
over the collections of last year.
We give' the" aggregate'financial
standing of each District for the year,
stating only the actual collections
made. In these figures are included
the following items': Pastor's Salary,
Presiding Elder's Salary, Conference
collections (which goes to the Super
anuated preacher's ami the widows
and orphans of preachers .who have,
died,) Mission, foreign and domestic,
Education, Bishops' fund, publica
tion of Minutes, .candidates for the
Ministry, Sunday Schools, Buildings
and repairs and other benevolent pur-,
poses. ?" "* " *
Charleston District.^18,015.32
Orangeb?rg1 District. 12,381.16
Columbia District. 22,861.37
Sumtcr District. 11,818,11
Florence District. 10.288.65
Marion District...'. 15,577.13
Spartanhurg District. 12 026.45
Cokesbury District.> 13,223.56
Greenville District. 1 ?,-123.3-1
Total.-.SI 27,815.23
In 1877 it was. 111,983.40
Increase.815,831 83
The total collections of this year
for the various purposes above nam
ed were as follows :
Pastors' salarv.....804,505.33
Presiding Elders' salary...'] 8,615.74
Conference Collections. 3,765.36
Foreign Missions. 2,471.42
Domestic Misions. 3,723.31
Education. 1,023.42
Bishops' Fund.? 772.38
Publication of Minutes. 324.08
Candidates for Ministry... 111.81
Sunn ayT "S chop Is.. , ?.... 3,739.0 7
Other Benevolent purposes 7,715.84
Columbia District paid most for
building and repairs, ?0,929.81;
Florence District, least, 81,159.00.
Charleston Disliict paid most-for the
Pastors and Assistants'-Salaries, ?9,
009.55 ; Greenville District least, S5,
373.70. The average salary paid was
8410.10?the largest by Bethel
church iu Charleston?81,500. The
Presiding Elders averaged $1,183.07.
The S. C. Conference contains 44,291
members; 155 traveling preachers;
222 local preachers: 559-chtirohes?
value, 8515,144.81 ; ? parsonages?
892,075, college and school buildings
to the value of 893,705.
All Prospering but Elizabeth.
Mr. Becehcr received 1,300 calls
yesterday?300 more than lastyear;
whose new year fell on a much picas
anter day. It speaks volumes for
the affectionate fidelit}' of the human
heart that so many good men and
women have followed him up and
down the ragged edge of despair,
lived with him in the cave of gloom,
seen him on his knees before Theo
dore Tilton, and rend his passionate
self-accusation without losing confi
dence in hum. Bui Frank Moulton
is popular with his friends, loo. I
saw him a moment yesterday making
calls, -red-beadedj breezy, agreeable
as ever, and bo is getting rich ; and
Mrs. Moulton, that "slice of the Day
of Judgment," is the centre of a large
and admiring social circle; and Til
ton lectures to big audiences; and'
Bowen's Independent stands at the
head of religious newspapers; and
Leonard Bacon, the Mephislophiles
of the whole affair, flourishes in New
Haven. So, hurrah for everybody!
?ah, everybody, if you please, except
tbo poor'woman who, whatever the
facts, was the victim of the tragedy ;
who lives in the depths of woe, de
serted by Mr. Becehcr and repudiated
by the Plymouth Church, which at
first supported her, fed by the con
temptuous hand of charity extended
by [him who was once her husband.
It is pitiful!?Ntiw York Letter.
A young man who gets a subordi
nate situation sometimes thinks if not
necessary to give it much : ttenlion.
lie will wait until he gets a place of
responsibility, and then he will show
people what he can do. This is a
great mistake- Whatever hrs situa
tion may 4ie, he should master it in
all its dctuijs? | aqcFj&rfornij a^l ib)
duties faithfully.
Remarkable Masonic Incident.
When we consider the great pas
sion that sailors have f?r tattooing
themselves, w,u cup- in.a mcKuro un
derstand Uiofollowing uccjoU'JKf Avbich
eiu^L^trj/foUbe pages -o'^W^ Cana
dian Craftsman. In speaking of the
first Masonic funeral that/y'Cr/-'.was
solemnized in California, U s staled
that the body was washed upi^ thobay
of San Francisco in 1810, ami that
upon the person of the deceased was
found a silver mark of n&3$0h,'on
which was engraved the in'lials of
his name. On further investigation
the most singular exhibiUona'of Ma
sonic emblems ever drawjOfpo'ri the
human skin was revealed. Beauti
fully dotted on his left arm, in red
Hnd blue ink, appcarcil alF^ihe em
blems of an Entered A?j)rentiee.
There was the Holy Bible, tlie.square
and compas, the twenty-5^' inch
gusge, and cpmmpO^gavrfrjThcre
was also the Masonic pavement repre
senting the ground lloor of lying Sol
omon's Templej the indented tessel
iwhich surrounded it, arid tnji blaming
star in the centre. On hiajlelt at m,
and artistically executed inutile same
indelible liquid, were the. "-emblems
pertaining to the FcIlowcraBt Degree,
viz : square, the level, and the plumb.
There were also the live ordcis of
architecture!?the Tuscan, jfui'ie, Ion
ic, Corilhian and Comp?dte. On
removing the garment fiora the bod}',
the trowel picsenled itse-f, with all
tue other tools of'one'"alive*Masonry.
Oycr his heart was the pptvuf incense.
On the other parts of his; body were
the beehive, tie "Book of* Constitu
tions" guu'dcd by a Tyler's sword
pointing to a naked heart, the All
Seeing Eye, the anchor and ark, the
hour-glass, the scythe, the forty-sec
ond problem of Euclid, the sun, moon,
stars, nnd cornel, thee "5t?|.,? emblem
atic of youth, manhood^ <^and age.
Admit ably executed Was a weeping
virgin reclining on a brokii: column,
upon which lay the "Botdiof Consti
tutions." In her left hajd she belt"
tlra p?t of iucense, lire jn^tTi'iic"ijhi,i
blem cf immortality of/tl.e soul.
Immediately beneath her stood wing
ed Time, with his scythe by bis side
whiclrcuts the brittle thread of l'fe,
and the hour-glass at his feet,
which is ever reminding us that our
lives aie withering away. The with
ered and attenuated lingers of die
Destroyer were placed among the
loiig and graceful (lowing ringlets of
the disconsolate mouiner." From
this description wc can well see the
grandeur of the conception which
blended the em'dems of mortality in
one picture, anil that the execution
was quite equal to the conception;
Probably never before was such a
picture beheld, and possibly never
will again. Wc arc also tdld that
the brother's name was never
The Mothcr-ln-Law.
This paper is the only one that has
evor taken up the cause of the moth
er-in-law. And yet there are de
mented persons who say we make
?iame of women. The mother-in-law
feels herself under everlasting obli
gations to the son-in-law for marry
ing her daughter. This having been
the object of her life, aud she having
been racked wfth hopes and fears
ever since her daughter came into
her teens, lest the marketable time
might slip by, she feels that she cat)
never repay the man who came to her
dtlivdrancc. She. becomes a devotee
to him. She coddles him with warm
slippers and wadded dressing gown,
and with hot drinks when he has a
cold. She multiplies her attentions
when ''important business" has kept
him out late at night, nnd fears that
his devotion to business will wear
upon him. She finds out the dishes
that tickle his appetite, and makes
them with her own hands. With her
he has two worshippers at home.
She encourages him to smoke. Sho
smiles on his bachelor friends. When
his breath i mells of spirits on his late
returns, she knows that it was to
brace himself up after the fatigue of
businessj Sho makes her daughter
cheerful while he is at the club or
other places. Shu minds, the baby
while they go to entertainments, and
1 never wan.a to go. She praises him
to all as the best of husbands. She
continually enjoins upon her daughter
that she can never be lhanulul
I enough. Sho is a constant sunbeam
in tllo household, which makes mar
riage without a mother-in-law but
half what it should be.? Cincin'nat
the serious chauuks thatconfront
admirai. l'orter.
i i r 1 )' ' '
Washington's choice hit of scandal
just now concerns that old salt, Ad
miral Porter, who is charged with
keeping Mrs. Wettnore, tho wife of
one of his subordinate officers* as
mistress; with making Wettnore pay
the woman $2,000 after he got a di
vorce from her; witli being partner
with government contractors while
acting secretary of the navy, and
with trying to sell infernal machines I
to the Germans during the Franco
Prussian war. The scandal got some
airing some live years n*o, when tho
Wet mores were suing (or divorce
iii the courts, and showed Porter up
as a ceucdiled cozeomb and gay Lo
ithal io, but it is made much more,
prominent now by the war Wet more
is making on the Admiral to recover
the $2,000 he claims has been cheat
ed out of him. Wet more shows the
document to back his story, which
is quite circumstantial, lie was le
eqi der of the board of naval in?pec
tors of which Porlcr was president,
and had so little manhood that he al
lowed the Admiral to bully what part
of hi-j month's pay out of him lie was
pleased to turn over to the divorced
wife. When Wetmore lost the posi
tion of recorder also, he was plucky
enough to take another at the old
tar's hands, and pay him for getting
it, though Wetmore had got divorced
from his wife because of her infideli
ties with Porter, and knew that they
still kept up their intimacy. Nay,
more, Wetmore made a cat's-paw of
himself to sell the Germans the tor
pedoes Porter wanted to dispose of
for use against the French, hav
ing already made money himself out
of naval contracts got through Por
ter's influence, though Urs project
seems to have fallen through because
tho Prussian minister would not
"plank down" the money to take
Wetmore to Berlin to complete the
negotiations. The letters Wetmore
shows seems as damaging to Porter's
reputation as somu of those in the
Becebcr-Tilton trial, but it is signifi
cant that the injured husband's sense
of his wrongs and of (ho .Adniiials 1
infamy was not aroused till Porter
was no longer able to furnish him
with a government position, but;
used his influence instead to keep
him out of a place.
Eli Perkins.
We copy the following from the
News and Couiier : It is hardly worth
while to go about proving Eli Per
kins to be a liar, but it may be as
well to Confirm the accepted belief on
this head as olten as occasion re
Ilaving lied, as usual, in reporting
pretended interview with Senator
Cameron, in which ho referred to
Mr. Gunnison as being present, and,
of Iiis own knowledge, confiuning
what was said on that occasion, Mr.
Pel kins was brought up with a short
turn by both Senator Cameron's and
Mr. Gunnison's published denial of
all bo had charged them with Saying.
Mr. Pcrkin's lias recently reaffirmed
the statements made by him in tho
first instance, and the following let
tor from Mr. Gunnison, in reply to
one from M j. Hampton, Jr., is now
iu order:
New York, Dec. 26, 1878.
Wade II<i?i;>lun, Jr.:
Dear Sin?I am in receipt of your
letter written several days ago. 1
presume, long before this reaches
you, you will have read my denial
of the report of "Eli P rkins" as fur
nished by him to the New York Sun. i
! I regret that it has been the occasion !
I of any unpleasant feelings, particular
ly at this lime.
Allow me to congratulate you on
the improved condition of your fatb
er's health.
1 believe "Eli Perkins" does not
hear a very enviable reputation :.mo
ng newspaper men for the correctness
of his reports.
Extending to you the compliments'
of the season, I am fraternally >ours,
K. Norman Gcnnisox.
Tho oldest inhabitant, as he comes
forward these mornings for his liitle
tod, tries hard to smile and look un
concerned, as ho tells you that this
weather is not at all cold compared
tvith that which he remembers to
have experienced in the winter of
1700 ; but the sungs of the oldest in
habitant chatter with cold as ho tells
'you about it, and Eto can't look you
.straight in tho eye. The oldest ln
| habitant lies.
Judge Lynch in Nebraska,
"This is Iho twenty-sixth murder
trial over which I have presided,"
saiu Judge Gastlin, "and the oriiW
is Jibe most atrociouB of tlfttiff' nlL |
The jury might ptopuriy have brought I
in a verdict of murder in the first de
gree." The jury, however; had only
convicted the prisbuers, Jackson and
Martin, of murder in the second de
gree. This was a surprise to the
people of Nebraska city, and tho'in
d ig nation was ho great inlit tue jurors
and the lawyers for the defense were
threatened with violence on their Way
home. Jackson and Marlin had de
liberately killed an old nian in his
bed for the purpose of robbery. Prep
arations to lynch them were conduct
ed with secrecy. A: meeting was
held in an engine house, wlure the
matter was talked over and the chief
executioners chosen*-' At. nigfiS >? a1
masked mob went to the jail, carry
ing a heavy timber, which!thoy used
as .a battering-ram to break down the
door. The prisoners -begad to dress
Ibeinselve on hearing the noise' and
Submitted without a word of protest,
when their executioners entered, to
j having their arms pinioned. They
I were led to a large tree near the jail.
! There was only rope enough to hang
I one at a time. A noose was placed'
first around Martin's neck, and he
was ordered to pray : "Lord, have
mercy on my poor murderous soul!"
He objected U> the wording of the
prayer, but his spiritual adviser wa3
inexorable, and would permit r.d al
teration. Jackson laughed heartily
at that, and his merriment lasted all"
the while that Martin was dangling.
He changed his mi. d after his own
neck was noosed ; and his last words
were curses. No move has been
made toward punishing the lynchcrs,
and the local journalist says that
their action is approved in the com
The Capital of a Good IMarrto.
How true tt.is that a good name is
capital in itself. Such a capital, like
every* solid accumulation, is not built
in a day, but is the result of years of
continuance in well-<'oing. No man
can hope, by a spirit of good nature
or honorable dealings to acquire an
enviable reputation, which is implied
in the possession of "a good name."
Little things done and observed in a
seiics oT years, the trifles of which
life is made up, if done conscientious
ly, are what contiibute to the result,
and win for a man the confidence of
his fellows ; and wheu one has thus
acquired this good name, men 1 seek
him in business, rely on his word,
and prefer his goods. Such a capital
is within the reach of the poorest.
It commands confidence, and helps
one in securing all that is desirable
in life, and as it is not to be acquired
without delay, docs not depend upon
birth or influence for its attainment.
It is wonderful ao many prefer to
travel by crooked ways, which, though
they may seem short cuts to success,
do not lead in that direction at all.
Terrible Prediction.
Tho fact that so many fish are dy
ing off the coast of Floiida call
to mind the awful prediction of Prof.
Knapp. From the juxtaposition of
certain planets to our earth, he pre
dicts that one-half of the population
of the world, including man and all
kinds of animals, and even vegetable
life, will perish before or during the
year 1880. In a lecture delivered
several years ago, he said that this
desolation would commence by the
fishes of the sea dying, and pestilence
1 and famine occurring in more south
lern latitudes. The famine in China
and yellow fever scourge in the
South, and now tho fearful pestilence
among the fishes in Southern waters,
are. so many steps in tho fulfiliuieut
of Prof. Knapp's prophesies.
Tho Last Nogro Congressman.
Senator Bruce, of Mississippi, it is
said, will probably be the only negro
in the 4Gth Congress and once he
gets out, he'll slay mir, and as the
"poor negro" has only tho newspaper
and election sympathy of their north
ern friends, Bruce will probably be
tho last colored man in Congress.
And yet in 1870, there wero nine
there; in 1872, the number was re
duced to seven ; in 1871, to four; in
187fi, to three; and in 187'J, the
prospect is that there ivill be but one,
and after that one comes out, it is
probable that there will never be
another to represent the colored race.

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